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3, /^^ 3.a., 



TWENTY-SIXTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 






FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY 



MUSEUM, 



AND 



WALKER AET GALLEEY, 



OF THE 



BOROUGH OF LIVERPOOL. 



i 




LIVE 11 r O O I. : 
R I N T K I ) BY 11 E N \\ Y V, E E ]•: X \\' ( ) ( » D , 3 2 , C A S T L ]■: S T 1 1 !•: ]•: T . 



18 7 9. 



9-j- 



TWENTY-SIXTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



MUSEU M, 



WALKEE AET GALLEEY, 



BOROUGH OF LIVERPOOL. 





LIVERPOOL : 
PRINTED BY HENRY GREENWOOD, 32, CASTLE STREET. 

18 7 9. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 



FOR THE YEARS 1878-79 



Committee. 

JAJVIES ALLANSON PICTON, Chairman. 

EDWARD SAMUELSON, Deputy-Chairman. 

THOMAS BLAND ROYDEN, Mayor. 



WILLIAM BENNETT, 
ANTHONY BOWER, 
CHARLES TRICKS BOWRING, 
STEWART HENRY BROWN, 
ANDREW COMMINS, 
WILLIAM CROSFIELD, 
BERNARD HALL, 
REV. HENRY H. HIQGINS, 



THOMAS HOLDER, 
ROBERT DURNING HOLT, 
ARTHUR HORNBY LEWIS, 
WILLIAM JOHN LUNT, 
JOSEPH MAYER, 
PHILIP HENRY RATHBONE, 
SIR A. B. WALKER, 
OWEN HUGH WILLIAMS. 



Chief Librarian. 
PETER COWELL. 

Suh-Lihrarian. 
THOMAS FORMBY. 

Superintendent of the Lending Libraries. 
HENRY GRICE. 

Curator of the Museum. 
THOMAS J. MOORE. 

Assistant Ciirator, Mayer Collection. 
CHARLES T. GATTY. 

Curator of the Walker Art Gallery. 
CHARLES DYALL. 



REPOET. 



Nothing of sufficient importance to demand special notice has occurred 
during the year. Every department of the institution continues in a 
state of active efficiency. 

The completion of the New Reading Room has been delayed from an 
alteration in the construction of the floor, required in consequence of 
the proposed lecture room in the basement story. The work is now 
proceeding in a satisfactory manner. It has been determined to sur- 
round the room with galleries and bookcases, contracts for which have 
been entered into. It is expected that within a short time the room 
will be opened to the public. The removal of a large portion of the 
books to the new room will set at liberty several rooms now occupied in 
connection with the Library. The appropriation of these will have the 
careful consideration of the Committee. Arrangements are proposed by 
which separate accommodation will be provided for the readers of 
periodicals and light literature, leaving the New Reading Room for 
scientific and general subjects. 

Table I. — Showing the total issue of volumes of books : — 

_, .„ .. Volumes Daily 

Classification. 13^^,^^. Average. 

Theology, Morals, &c 18,458 66 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 12, 109 43 

Natural History 6,982 22 

Science and the Arts 24,527 86 

History and Biography 28,.303 102 

Topography and Antiquities 6,393 23 

Voyages and Travels 16,513 59 

Miscellaneous Literature f principally Collected Works, Maga- 
zines, &c.) ; 92,724 330 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 3,298 12 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 2, 855 1 3 

Education and Language 6,036 23 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 18,228 65 

Prose Fiction 190,198 678 

Latin and Greek Classics, and Translations 4, 672 1 (i 

Heraldry, Encyclopasdias, and Works of Reference 7,450 26 

Total 437,746 1564 



Table II. — Showing the issue of Quarterly and Monthly Magazines 
exclusively : — 

Classification. ^^IsluX" Averse. 

Theology, Morals, &c 2,934 10 

Natural Philosophy, &c 762 3 

Natural History 394 1 

Science and the Arts 3,425 12 

Topography and Antiquities 238 1 

Voyages and Travels 252 1 

Miscellaneous Literature 42,625 152 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 708 3 

Education and Language 286 1 

Total 51,654 184 

Table III. — Showing the issue of Weekly Periodicals, &c., exclu- 
sively : — 

™ .. .. Periodicals Daily 

Classification. I33„gj Average. 

Natural Philosoijhy 3,245 11 

Natural History 3,814 13 

Science and the Arts 14,168 51 

Miscellaneous Literature (principallj' Illustrated and Literary 

Periodicals) 193,136 688 

Law and Politics 729 3 

Commerce and Political Economy 703 3 

Directories and Dictionaries 13,463 48 

Total 229,258 817 

Total Patents for Inventions consulted, 11,152. Daily Average, 40. 

Recapitulation of Totals. 

Volumes of Books 437,476 

Quarterly and Monthly Magazines 51,654 

Weekly Periodicals, &c, 229,258 

Patents consulted 11,152 

Total 729,540 

Besides the constant and unrestricted use by Students of some eighty 

volumes of Dictionaries and other works wholly of reference, of which 
no statistics are taken. 

Table IV. — Showing the issue and classification of books in the 
Students' Room : — 

,,, .„ ,. Volumes Daily 

Classification. Issued. Average. 

Theology, Morals, &c 9,359 34 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 4,61)1 16 

Natural History 1,656 6 

Science and the Arts 6,046 22 

History and Biography 4,533 16 

Topography and Antiquities 1,639 6 

Voyages and Travels 2,318 8 

Miscellaneous Literature 6,524 24 

.Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 760 3 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 557 2 

Education and Language 2,582 8 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 2,005 7 

Latin and Creek Classics, and Translations 2,213 8 

Heraldry, Encyclop;icdias, .and Works of Eefcrence 1,702 6 

Total 46,645 166 



The number of Students now entitled to the use of the Students' Room 
is 813, against 643 in 1877, 529 in 1876, and 417 in 1875 ; thus show- 
ing a steady and most satisfactory yearly increase. Prose fiction is not 
issued in this room. 

Table V. — Showing the number and classification of works added 
during the year : — 

Classification. 

Theology, Morals, &c 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally Collected Works, Maga- 
zines, &c. ) , 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 

Education and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics , and Translations 

Heraldry, Encycloi^ffidias, and Works of Reference 

Total 1,859 67,396 

The following is the list of Magazines and Periodicals illustrating 
Tables II. and III. : — 



Volumes 


Total No. in 


Added. 


the Library. 


207 


5 141 


38 


1,566 


94 


3,761 


187 


8,044 
9,071 


250 


. 102 


3,252 


97 


3,937 

13,937 

5,655 


.358 


271 


41 


730 


17 


1,099 


49 


2,953 


38 


5,295 


72 


557 


38 


2,095 



Quarterly. 

Annales des Sciences Naturelles 

ArchcBologia Cambrensis 

Archaeological .Journal 

British and Foreign Evangelical Review 

British Quarterly Review 

Church Quarterly Review 

Dublin Review 

Edinburgh Review 

Ibis 

.Journal fiir Ornithologie 

Journal of Anatomy 

Journal of the British Archajological 

Association 
Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society 
Journal of the Society of Antiquaries 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
London Quarterly Review 
Mind 
Navy List 

New Quarterly Magazine 
North American Review 
Popular .Science Re^dew 
Quarterly Journal of the Geological 

Society 
Quarterly Journal of Microscopical 

Science 
Quarterly .Journal of Science 
Quarterly Review 



Revue Celtique 

Revue et Magasin de Zoologie 

Stray Feathers 

Theological Review 

Traethodydd 

Westminster Review 

Zeitschrift fiir Deutsche Philologie 

Monthly. 
All the Year Round 

Annals and Magazine of Natural History 
Argosy 
Army List 
Art Journal 
Atlantic Monthly 
Band of Hope Review 
Banker's Magazine 
Belgravia 

Bibhothfeque Universelle 
Blackwood's Magazine 
Cassell's Magazine 
Chambers's Journal 
Congregationalist 
Conteipriporary Review 
Continental Railway Guide 
Cope's Tobacco Plant 
Comhill Magazine 
Daheim 
Day of Rest 



MosTUhY— (Continued. ) 

Dietetic Reformer 

Educational Guide 

Educational Times 

Englishwoman's Review 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Florist and Pomologist 

Fortnightly Review 

Eraser's ^Magazine 

Gazette des Beaux Arts 

Gartenlaube 

Gentleman's Magazine 

Geographical Magazine 

Geological Magazine 

Good Words 

Homoeopathic World 

Journal of the Chemical Society 

Joiirnal of Horticulture 

Leisure Hour 

Library Journal 

London Society 

Macmillan's Magazine 

Magazine of Art 

Month , 

Monthly MicroscoiJical Journal 

Musical Times 

Nautical Magazine 

Next of Kin Gazette 

Nineteenth Century 

Once a Week 

Orchestra 

Phonographic Reporter 

Portfolio 

Quiver 

Railway Guide 

Revue Arch^ologique 

Revue Britannique 

Revue Chr^tienne 

Science Gossip 

Scribner's Monthly 

Shorthand Magazine 

St. James's Magazine 

Sunday at Home 

Sunday Magazine 

Sunday Review 

Temple Bar . 

Tinsley's Magazine 

Truthseeker 

United Service Journal 

University Magazine 

Yachting Magazine 

Zoologist 



Fortnightly 

Gazette des Architectes 
ReATie des Deux Mondes 
Unsere Zeit 



Weekly. 
Academy 

Anglo-American Times 
Athenaeum 
Ai'chitect 
British Architect 
Broad Aitow 
Builder 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 
Building News 

Cambridge University Reporter 
Capital and Labour 
Carpenter and Builder 
Chemical News 
Civilian 
Colonies 
Comptes Rendus 
Economist 
Engineer 
Engineering 
English Mechanic 
P>a 

Estates Gazette 
Examiner 
Field 
Fun 

( iardeners' Chronicle 
(Jood Temxjlars' Watchword 
Graphic 

Home Chronicler 
Illustrated London News 
Iron 

Jewish Chronicle 
Journal of Gaslighting, &c. 
Journal of the Society of Arts 
Judy 
Keystone 
Lancet 

Land and Water 
Law Times 
London Gazette 
Mayfair 
Mining Journal 
Nature 

Naval and Military Gazette 
Notes and Queries 
Oxford University Reporter 
Pharmaceutical Journal 
Pictorial World 
Porcupine 
Public Opinion 
Punch 

Railway Journal 
Saturday Review 
Scientific American 
Spectator 
Sydney Mail 
Universal Engineer 
Volunteer Service (iazette 
Vanity Fair 
Weekly Notes 
Woman's Suffrage Journal 
World 



DONORS AND DONATIONS. 



The following donations have been 

Anonymous Donations : — Cattle Traffic, 
by G. T. Turner (Pamphlet) ; Une Gra- 
vure de 1389 (Pamphlet); May Young 
England Smoke? (Pamphlet) ; Observa- 
tions, &c., on " Paths of Honour and of 
Shame" (Pamphlet); Financial State- 
ment of the Colonial Treasurer of New 
South Wales, 1878 (Pamplilet). 

Arkle, George : — Saramking Architek- 
tonischer Entwurfe, von L. von Klenge. 

AsPDEN, Thomas (the Author) : — Histo- 
rical Sketches of the House of Stanley. 

Barker, W. : — ^The Liverpool Courier, 
1812-16 (2 vols.). 

Birkenhead Literary Society:— The 
Newspaper Press in England, by R. 
Bryson; Report, 1877-78 (Pamphlets). 

BouLT, Joseph (the Author) : — Submariie 
Forests on the Shores of Liverpool Bay ; 
On the Former Topography of Liver- 
pool, Parts 1 and 2 (Pamphlets). 

Bright, Henry A., M.A. : — ^ Poems from 
Sir Kenelm Digby's Papers; Unpub- 
lished Diary of Mme. Roland (Pam- 
phlet). 

British Association: — ^Report of the 
46th Meeting, Glasgow, 1876. 

British Museum Trustees :— Catalogue 
of Chiroptera, by G. E. Dobson. 

Ceylon, The Lieut.-Govr. op: — Ad- 
dresses Delivered in the Legislative 
Council, 1833-77 (2 vols.). 

Civil Engineers, The Institution of: — 
Proceedings, Vols. 49-52 (4 vols.). 

Clare, John: — Na\'y Estimates (Pam- 
phlet). 

Clark, Henry (the Author) : — Mediseval 
Art (Pamphlet). 

Copenhagen Royal Library (per C. 
Bruun) : — Codices Orieutales Biblio- 
thec£B Regia Havniensis, 3 parts ; 
Aarsberetninger og ileddelelser fra det 
Store Kongelige Bibliothek (2 vols.). 

CouBROUGH, Andrew : — Crawfm-d's In- 
dian Archipelago (3 vols.). 

Davis, — . : — Warleigh's Discussions on 
Evil Persons and Things. 

Davis, J. C. Bancroft :— Mr. Sumner, 
the Alabama Claims, &c. (Pampldet). 

De Rance, Charles E. (the Author): — 
The Secondary Rocks of England, &c. 
(Pampldet). 

Ede, Rev. W. M. (the Author) : — 
Lectures on the Mind (Pamphlet). 

EwART, Miss :— Between Whiles, edited 
by B. Kennedy. 

Fairchild, Gen. L. (U.S. Consul) :— Cen- 
tennial History of Fall River, Mass., 
by H. H. Earl; Geology of Wisconsin, 
Vol. II., with Atlas (2 vols.). 

Gatty, Charles T. (the Author) :— The 
Mayer Collection as an Educational 
Possession ; On Some Ancient Glass in 
the Mayer Collection (Pamphlets). 

Gray's Inn, The Hon. Society of: — 
Supplement to Library Catalogue. 

Guthrie, Malcolm (the Author) — Cau- 
sational and Free Will Tlieoriea of 
Volition (Pamphlet). 



received during the year : — 

Hamilton, Joseph (the Author) : — The 
Starry Hosts ; Animal Futurity. 

Handyside, p. D. (the Author) : — Shall 
I Study Medicine ? (Pamphlet). 

Harvard College, U.S. (per A. Agas- 
siz) : — Report on the Hydroids, by G. 
Allman; Report on the Fossil Plants 
of the Sierra Nevada, by L. Lesquereux. 

Herford, Edward (the Author) : — 
Alleged Defects in the Office of Coro- 
ner ; Facts and Fictions of the Currency 
(Pamphlets). 

Higgins, Rev. H. H., M.A. :— Estudios 
sobres las Def ormaciones Enf ermedades, 
&c., by A. Ernst (Pamphlet). 

Historic Society of Lancashire and" 
Cheshire : — Transactions, Vol. XXIX. 

HOLMSWORTH. C. B. : — Good and Evil 
Made One (Pamphlet). 

Howell, Edward (the Publisher): — 
Notes of a Field Naturalist in the 
Western Tropics, by Rev. H. H. 
Higgins. 

HuARD, Adolphe (the Author — per J. 
Miisol) : — Les Grands Bienfaiteurs de 
I'Humanit^. 

Library Reports from the following 
Libraries : — Birkenhead, Birmingham, 
Blackburn, Bolton, Boston, U. S. A., 
Chicago, U. S. A., Derby, Dundee, 
Germantown Friends, U.S.A., Indiana- 
polis, U.S.A., Leeds, Leicester, London 
Institution, Manchester, Melbourne, 
New York Apprentice's, U.S.A., New 
York Mercantile Library Association, 
U.S.A., Nottingham, Philadelphia Mer- 
cantile Library Association, U.S.A., 
Plymouth, Pi,ochdale, Salford, Sheffield, 
South Shields, Southport, Swansea, 
Sydney, Walsall, Wednesbury, West 
Bromwich, Westminster, WillenhaU, 
and Wolverhampton. 

Liverpool Art Club : — Catalogue of 
Loan Collection of Fans ; Catalogue of 
Loan Collection of Wood-Engravings 
(Pamphlets). 

Liverpool College: — Sundry Reports 
of the Annual Prize Deliveries (Pam- 
plilets). 

LrvERPOOL Geological Society — Pro- 
ceedings, 1859-76 (2 vols.). 

Liverpool Institute : — Sundry Reports 
of Annual Prize Deliveries. 

Liverpool Ly'ceum Library: — London 
Gazette, with Indexes, 1802-76 (275vols. ) 

Liverpool Literary and Philosophi- 
cal Society: — Proceedings, 1876-77. 

Liverpool Naturalists' Field Club :— 
Proceedings, 1877-78 (Pamphlet). 

Liverpool School Board : — Proceed- 
ings, 1876-77. 

Liverpool Shipwreck and Humane So- 
ciety : — 38th Annual Report (Pamphlet) 

Liverpool Young Men's Christian 
Association : — Annual Report, 1877 
(Pamphlet). 

Llewelyn, Thoma.s, M.D. (the Author): 
— Essays on Ear and Throat Diseases. 



DONORS AND DONATIONS— ('Co»<»»u«d; 



Lloyd, Leoxaisd, Esq. (The Editor) : — 

Poets' Magazine, Vol. 1. 
LoxDox, The Society or Antiqu.4Ries 

or: — Proceedings, Vol. 7. 
Longmans & Co. (the Publishers) : — 

London Science Class Books (6 vols. ). 
Mackintosh, D. (the Author) : — Origin 

of Boulder Clay, &c. (Pamphlet). 
Manchester Statistical Society : — 

Transactions, 1876-77. 
Ma^tdek, Samuel S. (the Author) : — Our 
Opium Trade with China (Pamphlet). 

Maeples, Josiah (the Author) : — Amy 
Robsart (Pamphlet). 

Marrat, F. p. : — Introduction to Me- 
chanics, by W. Marrat; Elements of 
Mechanical Philosophy, byW. Marrat; 
Synopsis Methodica .Stirpium Britanni- 
carum, by John Ray. 

Mayer, Joseph : — A Free Village Library, 
Bebington (Pamphlet). 

Mechanical Engineers, Institution 
OF: — Proceedings, 1877-78. 

Minnesota, U.S.A., The University 
OF (per N. H. Winchell) : — Reports on 
the Geology and Natural History of 
Minnesota. 

Montefiore, Sir Moses, Bart. : — An 
Open Letter addressed to Sir Moses 
Montefiore, Bart., &c., by the Rev. M. 
Auerbach. 

National Society for Women's Suf- 
frage:— Sundry Pamphlets on the 
Women's Suffrage Question. 

New South Wales Government : — 
Annual Report, Department of Mines, 
1876. 

New York, A Citizen of : — Metaphysics, 
by John Miller. 

New York Free Trade Club : — The 
Tariff Question, by Horace White 
(Pamphlet). 

New York State Museum, per James 
Hall: — Palaeontology, by James Hall, 
Vol. r\''., part 1. 

Ogden, W. S. (the Author) : — Studies in 
Mercantile Architecture ; Christian 
Gravestones. 

Palmer, Francis I. (the Author) : — 
Floods in the Thames Valley, &c. 

Paris, The Municipality of : — Bulletin 
de Statistique Municipale, 1876-77 ; 
Compte G6n6rale des Recettes et D6- 
penses ; Budget de I'Exercice, 1877 ; 
Proc6s - \rerbaux, 1876 ; Rappoi-ts et 
Documents, 1876; Notes sur 1' Adminis- 
tration des Services et EtabUssements 
Municipaux, &c. ; Assainissement de 
la Seine, Epuration et Utilisation des 
Eaux d'Egout ; Notes de I'lnspecteur 
General des Ponts et Chauss6es, &c. 

Paton, Allen P. (the Author) :— The 
Tragedy of Macbeth (Pamphlet). 

Pkndlebury, R. : — Lehrbuch der Deter- 
minanten-Theorie fiir Studirende, von 
Dr. S. Gunther. 

Philadelphia Academy of Natural 
Sciences, U.S.A. :— Proceedings, 1877. 

Potocki, Albert (the Author) : — Noace 
te ipsum. 



Quaeitch, Bernard (the Compiler) : — 
Supplement to General Catalogue of 
Books, 1875-77. 
Robinson, W., Mayor of Burnley (the 
Translator) : — German Views on the 
Eastern Question ( Pamphlet). 
RouGHTON, Walter : — Annuario des 
Correos y Telegrafos de la RepiibUca 
Argentina. 

Royal Astronomical Society : — Me- 
moirs, Vol. 43, 1875-77; Monthly 
Notices, 1878. 

Royal Colonial Institute : — Proceed- 
ings, Vol. 9. 

Scotland, The Society or Antiquaries 
OF : — Proceedings, Vol. 12. 

Scratchley, Arthur, M.A. (the Au- 
t'uor) : — The Principles of Sound 
Friendly Societies. 

Smith.sonlyn In.stitution, U.S.A. :— 
Report, 1876. 

Social Science Association :— Transac- 
tions, 1877. 

Thompson, W. P. (the Author) :— 
American Yams and Fables ; Patent 
Law in Plain English (Pamphlet). 

Toner, J. M., M.D. (the Author) :— 
Address before the Rocky Mountain 
Medical Association. 

Tryon, G. W. (the Author) : — A Mono- 
graph of the Terrestrial MoUusca of the 
United States. 

Turner, E. L. (the Author) : — A Mes- 
sage to the Churches. 

Untied States Government : — Annual 
Report of the Comptroller of the 
Currency ; Congi'essional Directory, by 
B. P. Poore. 

Vacher, Francis, M.D. (the Author): — 
Report on the Sanitary Condition of 
Birkenhead; A VUla Hospital (Pam- 
phlets). 

Victoria, The Agent-General of : — 
Homes and Homesteads, by Rev. J. 
Ballantyne ; Victorian Year-Book for 
1875 and 1876-77, 2 vols. ; Notes on the 
Colony of Victoria, by H. H. Hayter. 

Wales, H.R.H., the Prince of (Pre- 
sented by desire of) : — Catalogue of 
the British Section, Paris International 
Exhibition (2 vols.). 

Wales, The University College of : — 
Calendar, 1877-78. 

Ward, Rear- Admiral (the Author) : — 
Poems and Thoughts in Verse. 

Waugh, J. W. : — Mission HjTnns. 

Wilmshurst, — . (the Compiler) : — 
Bibliotheca; Ecclesiae Cicestrensis 
Libronim Catalogus. 

Wilson, Henry (the Author) : — Five 
Important and Interesting Discoveries 
(Pamphlet). 

Wisconsin, The Legislature of (per 
T. C. Chamberlin) :— Geology of Wis- 
consin, Vol. II. 

Young, Frederick (the Author) : — 
Imperial Federation of Great Britain 
and her Colonies. 

Zoological Society of London : — Pro- 
ceedings, 1877-78; Transactions, 1877-78 



The following are the returns for the year :— 



This Year. 



North South 
Library. Library. 



Volumes lent 

New Tickets issued 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Total readers on the books 
Books lost or injured, and paid for 

Books lost 

"Volumes worn out — replaced . . 
Volumes worn out — withdrawn 

New volumes added 

Total No. of vols, in the Libraries 



224,705 


216,5191 


441,224 


2,619 


2,414 


6,033 


2,286 


2,416 


4,702 


2,369 


2,458 


4,827 


4,878 


4,855 


9,733 


57 


55 


112 


9 


6 


16 


450 


657 


1,107 


228 


1 210 


438 


318 


321 


639 


21,048 


, 21,553 


42,601 



North 
Library. 



200,720 

2,461 

2,194 

2,055 

4,628 

32 

6 

597 

254 

437 

21,040 



Total. 



227,800 

2,613 

2,294 

1,978 

4,899 

46 

7 

722 

160 

423 

21,441 



4'i8,620 

5,074 

4,491 

4,033 

9,527 

78 

13 

1,319 

414 

860 

42,481 



Classification of Volumes Lent and Added, 1878 



Volumes Lent. 



Volumes Added. 



North 
Library. 



Theology, Moral Philosophy, &c.j 
Nat. Philosophy and Mathematics| 

Natural History j 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography . j 

Topography and Antiquities . . . . j 

Voyages and Travels i 

Miscellaneous Literature | 

Jurisprudence, Politics, &c 

Commerce and Political Economyj 
Education, Languages, Logic, &c.| 

Poetry and the Drama 

Prose Fiction j 

Latin and Greek Classics 

Books for the Blind I 



4,927 

3,658 

2,301 

8,385 

11,738 

1,384 

5,887 

14,248 

362 

681 

2,521 

1,9.39 

166,103 

421 

loO 



South 
Library. 



TOTAl. 



4,267 
2,950 
2,179 '■ 
7,264 

10,492 
1,228 
5,548 

15,261 

278 

538 

2,036 

2 262 



9,194 

6,608 

4,480 

15,649 

22,230 

2,612 

11,435 

29,509 

640 

1,219 

4,557 

4,201 



North South 
Library. Library. 



161,710 327,813 
357 778 
149 299 



19 
12 
4 
11 
49 

36 
94 
1 
1 
2 
6 
84 



Total I 224,705 I 216,519 441,224 j 318 



17 
13 

k2 
11 
51 

34 
99 
1 
1 
2 
6 
84 



321 



36 
26 
6 
22 
100 

69 

193 

2 

2 

4 

12 

168 



639 



iEnsftrm. 



STATISTICS. 
The visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows :— 

1877-8. 1876-7. Decrease. 

Total Day Visitors 413 923 435012 21,069 

Weekly Average »fo 8,.(,o -JO 

Daily Average 1>9*'^ -'"''^ ^"® 

The depression of trade throughout the manufacturing districts has 
continued to affect unfavourably the number of visitors. 



t: 



10 

The 18th of October, 1878, was the 17th anniversary of the opening 
of the Museum in the present building. The total number of visitors 
during that time amounted to 7,575,811, giving a yearly average of 
445,635. 

DONATIONS. 

Two specimens of " Sussex Marble," from the Wealden at Billings- 
hurst, Sussex, showing numerous examples of Paludina shells; pre- 
sented by Mr. Frank Archer. 

A Poisonous Caterpillar, found feeding on the Breadnut Tree, 
Honduras ; presented by Surgeon-Major S. Archer. 

A specimen of Rossia, from the Wellington Dock ; presented by Mr. 
C. J. Arkle and Mr. Nevins. 

A Shark from Galveston ; presented by Mr. James Barton. 

A recently-described species of Beetle {Enpholus Bennettii, Gestro), 
from Yule Island, New Guinea; presented by Dr. Geo. Bennett, F.L.S. 

A specimen of the Monk Seal {Monachus albiventei'), from the 
Desertas Islands, Madeira ; specially obtained for the Museum and 
presented by Messrs. Blandy Bros, and Co. 

Twenty-three Birds from the interior of South Africa, chiefly from 
the Amaswazi and Bamangwato Countries ; collected and presented by 
Mr. K. M. Brooke. 

Skins of a Monkey (Semnopithecus), from Singapore, and of two 
Birds {Centroptis superciliosiis and Tockus melanoleuciis) , from the 
district of Zanzibar, and a Coralline {Aritipathes) , from Sumatra; 
collected and presented by Mr. E. C. Buxton. 

Two Badgers [Meles taxus) ; presented by Lady Margaret Cecil, per 
Mr. G. C. Hale. 

Three living Gold Fish, of abnormal growth, from Shanghai ; 
presented by Mr. John Cheshu-e. 

A collection of Sponges from Western Australia ; collected by Miss 
Bunbury, of Picton, Bunbury, Western Australia ; presented by Mr. 
Arthur C. Cole. 

A Wliip Snake and Tarantula from Benin : presented by Captain 
E. Davies. 



11 

A Lepidopterous Larva from New York ; presented by Mr. Douglas 

E. M. Elder. 

Three Indian Skulls from Peru and a Culminated Albatross; pre- 
sented by Mr. T. W. EUwood. 

Four specimens of Fish (Eutropms), and one Electnc Fish 
iMaJapta^rus), from Old Calabar : presented by Mr. Walter Evans. 

Specimens of Amber containing Insects, from Dantzig; presented by 
Mr. F. Faltin. 

Thirteen Bottles of Reptiles ; presented by Mr. R. A. Gaskell. 
Two Groups of small Barnacles (Balanus), from the Ship Norseman, 
after lying two months in the port of Salaverry, Peru ; presented by 
Mr. Thomas Higgin, F.L.S. 

A collection of Skeletons, Skulls, Osteological, Anatomical, and 
Geological specimens and Casts; also numerous preparations of the 
Heart and other Organs in illustration of contrivance and design, 
prepared and presented by Mr. Alfred Higgmson. 

The Skull of a Dolphin, three Teeth of a Cachalot Whale, Rostrum 
of Saw Fish (Pristis), Section of Shell (Melo), and a Cane Head-rest 
or Pillow ; presented by Mr. Philip H. Hope. 

A complete collection of Samples of Cotton of every known growth 
made up according to Liverpool classification, and named and arranged 
in case ; presented by Messrs. Hornby, Hemelryk and Co. 

A GiUaroo Trout and three Scdmo nigripennis, from Lough Melvm ; 
presented by the Rev. William Houghton, F.L.S. 

Two large Turtle {Chelonia myclas) ; presented by Mr. George 

Hulse. 

A large Siluroid Fish {Platystoma orbignianum) from the River 
Plate ; presented by Mr. Donald Hutchison. 

A Frog Fish {Cheironectes) and the Beak of a Cuttle Fish, from 
Amoy ; presented by Captain Jackson, S.S. Glaucns 

The Skull of a Cinnamon Bear from Wyoming, two Skulls of Black 
Bears from Colorado, Skin and Skull of Hairy Porcupine, and t^e Skin 
and Skull of Badger from Wyoming, two Skins of Squu-rels and flat 
Skin and two pair of Horns of Goat Antelopes {Nemorhedus ^nspus) 

om Japan, the Skull of a young Sea Otter and forty-seven Skins of 



12 

Mammalia from California, ten Skins of Birds from Hawai, Sandwich 
Islands, and a Pheasant-tailed Grouse {Tetrao urophasianus) ; collected 
and presented hy Mr. H. Heywood Jones. 

The Skin of an adult male Kiang, or Thibetan Wild Ass ; shot and 
presented by Mr. 0. Heywood Jones, 

A Chameleon from Sherboro River, West Africa; presented by 
Captain Justice. 

A rare Crustacean {Calappa fornicata), from Cebu ; presented by Mr. 
R. J. Keen. 

A Hooded Merganser and a Red-winged Starling (variety) ; presented 
by Mr. William Langley. 

The skull of an American Bison, and a Cetacean Vertebra from the 
new North Dock Works ; presented by Mr. Joseph Leyland. 

The skin and skull of male and female specimens of Ovis Amvion or 
gigantic sheep of the Himalayas, and of the Shapoo, an allied species ; 
also of the male Burhel and the Black Buck ; the skin of a Snow Bear, 
and skeletons of young and adult of the same, and limb bones of the 
Black Bear ; skins of two rare Monkeys, a Flying Squirrel, a Marmot, 
Lagomys, &c. ; two Lammergeyers, or Bearded Vultures, and nineteen 
other bird skins ; from Kashmir, Ladakh, Baltistan, and Lower India ; 
presented by Mr. St. George Littledale, and specially collected by him 
for the Museum. 

A collection of Horns and Bones fi-om the excavations fi)r the new 
North Docks, received from Mr. George Fosbery Lyster, Dock Engineer, 
on, behalf of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board. 

A polished section of Fossil Palm, showing structure, from the Lias ; 
presented by Mr. F. P. Marrat. 

A Ray's Wagtail ; presented by Mr. Joseph Mayer, F.S.A. 

A stuffed specimen of a female Ibex, from the Museum of Natural 
History, Geneva; specially obtained and presented by Mr. Charles P. 
Melly. 

Eight Fish, two Birds, a Bat, three Sponges, two living Cat Fish, twc 
Water Newts, and specimens of Anemones, from New York ; presented 
by Captain J. H. Mortimer ship, " Hamilton Fish," Associate of the 
Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 



13 



A specimen of Limestone with Oolitic structure, f--/];;^;^;^- 
ferous Limestone, Avon section, Clifton, Bristol; presented by Mr. G. 

H. Morton, F.G.S. 

The Head of a Bison, from California; presented by Messrs. 

Nicholson and McGill. 

A livi-g Bpecime. of Amphiuma, or "Congo Sn»ke" ^An.ph^uMa 
n^ans). from New Orle«is ; presented by Captain J. A. Perry, Aesocrate 
of tie Literary and Philosophical Society of LiTCrpool. 

Eight young living specimens of the Common Snake; presented 
by the Postmaster of Liverpool. 

A living Lizard, found in Espaito grass from Egypt; presented by 
Mr. Charles Potter. 

Specimens of Crustacea, Gorgonia, and Polyzoa, chiefly from Sorrento, 
Me^terranean, and two specimens of Helix pcmatia, from Cheltenham ; 
presented by Mrs. A. Powell. 

A specimen of the Giant Clam Shell, Tridacna gigas, from the Indian 
Ocean ; presented by Captain Raymond. 

A collection of Skulls and Bones from the Submarine Peat and Forest 
Beds, Mouth of the Alt ; presented by Mr. T. Mellard Eeade.. C.E. 

A Bottle of Snakes, collected by Professor Jameson, probably from 
Quito ; presented by Mr. T. A. Eeadwin. 

A specimen of a new Passerine Bird, Setophaga hairdi, Sahin, from 
Quito ; presented by Mr. Osbert Sah-in, F.E.S. 

A Bald Crow, Gymnoccphalus calvus, and a Tanagrine Grosbeak, 
Pitylus erythromelas, from Demerara ; presented by Mr. G. R. 
Sandbach. 

Specimens of the Coral formation of the Island of Barbadces; 
presented by Messrs. Sandbach, Tinne and Co. 

Three Fossil Shells and specimens of Chalcedony from Montana ; 
presented by Mr. A. Schfrmacher. 

The Model of a Cingalese Surf Boat, specimens of the Hooded Snake, 
Cobra da Capello ; of Fish {Diodon, Tetraodon, Uranoscopns) ; the 
Rostrums of three Saw Fish; Shells, Insects, and Sponges; from the 
R*d Sea, Birmah, and Ceylon; specimens of Shells from Malta, Gozo, 
and the Red Sea : specimens of living Fresh water Fish from Point de 



14 

Galle and Colombo River, and Gold Fish from Barbary ; collected and 
presented by Captain C. A. Sibthorpe, S.S. "European," Associate of 
the Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 

Specimens of Sea Anemones and Blennies from Tenby ; presented by 
Mr. E. J. Sing. 

A Slab of Anthracosia robusta from the Coal Measures, presented 
by the Rev. R. Sinker. 

A large Mud Turtle, Trionyx niloticvs ; presented by the Southport 
Aquarium Company. 

Two polished Shells oi Nautilus; presented by Mrs. Charles Speakman. 

A specimen of the rare Marine Lizard, Amhlyrhynchus cristatus, from 
the Galapagos Islands ; presented by Captain Thomas Strick, barque 
" Arica." 

A specimen of the Oblong Sun Fish, Orthagoriscus truncatus, taken 
•with a hook and line in latitude 18° N., longitude 45° W., in September, 
1877 ; presented by Captain Sutherland, ship " Importer." 

Six selected samples and specimens of Rock Salt ; presented by 
Messrs. John Thompson and Son. 

A Seed Pod of the Bomhax, or Silk Cotton Tree of India ; presented 
by Dr. Murray Thomson, per Sui*geon-Major S. Ai-cher. 

Egg of Ray Fish, or Skate, showing young enclosed, and specimens of 
Pholas ; presented by Mr. P. S. Tomlinson. 

A living Electric Fish, Malax>terurus, from Old Calabar ; presented by 
Mr. Toner. 

A young Apterys in the Egg, a Kokako, or Native Crow, Glaiicopis, 
and a Lizard ; specially collected and presented by Colonel Trimble, of 
New Plymouth, New Zealand. 

A collection of Specimens, chiefly Marine, collected on the voyage to 
and from Calcutta; presented by Captain Cawne Warren, ship 
"Bedfordshire," Associate of the Literary and Philosophical Society of 
Liverpool. 

A specimen of Jasper Iron from Merionethshire; presented by Mr. 
E. Wheldon, per Mr. F.'P. Marrat. 

A young Alligator from New Orleans ; presented by Mr. John H. 
Wilson. 



15 



A collection of Land SLells, recent ana fo,»il, fvon. tie Made ra and 
Canary Mands; named and presented by Mr. T. Vernon Woltaton 
elutor of the Kev. E. T. Lo«, by .bona the, were collected dunng 
many years' residence at Madeira. 

A model to scale of the full-rigged ship ''Evelyn," MJ^^--^^^^;' 
built of iron, with steel masts and yards, in Liverpool, 1863 ; presented 
with plate glass case and stand, by Miss Evelyn Wngley. 

PURCHASES. 
The principal purchases for the Museum have been the following :- 
A Two-humped Camel; an Eared Seal; a Virginian Opossum and 

young ; and twenty-six other Mammalia. 

A specimen of Bulwer's Fireback Pheasant {Lohiophasis Buhveri) 

from Borneo; two young Ostriches; a young Cassowary; and twenty- 

one other Bu-ds. , 

A Matta-Matta Tortoise; a Temminck's Snapper; and three other 

Eeptiles and ten Fish. 

The skeleton of a Flying Lemur {Galeopithecus) ; two polished 
sections of Elephant Teeth ; and twenty Skulls of Mammals, Birds, and 

Fish. 

A Magilus Shell in situ, showing section, &c., and forty-nine specmiens 

of Shells. 

Two large Beetles, Dynastes Neptnnus, and fifty-seven other Insects. 

Two fini specimens of Bed Coral and one of White Coral, from 
Japan; and eighteen Corals, Corallines, and Sponges. 

Five Starfish, three Echini, and a Comatula. 

A small Cast of LahyrintJwclon and twenty-seven Fossils. 

A specimen of Moss Gold from Oregon. 

EXCHANGES. 
The following specimens have been received in Exchange :— 
A case of live Spawn of the Californian Salmon {Oncorhynchus 

quinnat) from Prof. Baird, United States Commission of Fish and 

Fisheries, Washington, per Mr. F. Mather, 



16 

Two living specimens of Menopoma, or "Hell Bender" {Menopoma 
Alleghaniensis) from the Alleghany Eiver, from Mr. Eugene Blackford, 
Fulton Market, New York. 

A series of Teeth and other Kemains of Pleistocene Mammalia from 
the Cresswell Caves, Derbyshire, from the Free Library and Museum, 
Derby, per Mr. Thomas Heath, Curator. 

A specimen of Walrus (Trichechus rosmariis) from the North 
Atlantic, from the Dundee Free Library and Museum, per Mr. A. Greig. 

Casts of Foot of Swan and Foot of Maribou Stork, from Mr. R. E. 
Holding. 

Two Black Eats from Stockton-on-Tees, from Mr. K. Morton 
Middleton. 

Two specimens of Gold-bearing Quartz from Merionethshu-e, from 
Mr. T. A. Eeadwin. 

Six Humming Birds from Peru, from Prof. Eudler. 

The perfect skeleton of a fine adult Aurochs or European Bison {Bison 
Bonassus) and 182 specimens of 93 species of European Micro- 
Lepidoptera, from Dr. F. Steindachner, Director of the Imperial Eoyal 
Zoological Museum, Vienna. 

A Cast Shell of a large specimen of a Sea Cray-Fish (PaUnurns 
vulgaris) from the Soutliport Aquarium Company, per Mr. Long, 
Curator. 

239 specimens of 68 species of Shells, from Prof. G. W. Tryon, Jun. 

MAYEE COLLECTION. 

The second part of the Catalogue of this Collection, that on the 
Pottery and Porcelain, is in preparation by Mr. Gatty. 

The issue of the first part of the Catalogue (on the Egyptian 
Antiquities) having been nearly exhausted, a second edition is being 
prepared, with numerous additional woodcuts. 

It has been found necessary for the protection and better exhibition 
of this collection to provide additional cases and substitute others for 
many which are imperfect. An annual sum has been set aside for this 
purpose. During the last year a set of new table cases, extending round 
one half of the upper gallery, has been added for the better exhibition 
of the Wedgwood Collection. 



17 

DONATIONS. 

Specimens of Chinese, Japanese, and Mediaeval Ivories ; four Gold 
Watches ; Gold Ornaments from South America ; specimens of Eomano- 
British Pottery ; two rare Roman leaden Seals of the Emperor Con- 
stantino ; two Persian Seals ; three Phoenician Seals ; a Babylonian 
Haematite Cylinder ; two Plaster Casts of a Babylonian Tablet ; a Slip 
Ware Mug, inscribed " Richard, 1680 ; " a Delft Bowl, probably Liver- 
pool ware of Alderman Shaw, painted with flowers and ship, and lettered 
Success to the William and Mary ; a pottery figure of an Old 
Liverpool Military Volunteer, with the Liver on his cap ; a large 
circular Dish of early Staffordshire Slip Ware, with figures of a Man, 
Hare, and Dog, and the initials T.H. ; a Staffordshire Slip Ware Dish, 
with figure and title of " St. George, 1730 ; " a collection of small 
objects in Wedgwood Ware, consisting of Necklaces, Cameos, Intaglios, 
&c. ; two Dessert Knives and one Fork, with blue and white Jasper 
Wedgwood Ware handles, and five Japanese Nutskis in Ivory; pre- 
sented by Mr. Joseph Mayer, F.S.A. 

A fragment of Mediaeval Pottery, found at Burley Hill, near Derby ; 
presented by Mr. William Bemrose, Jun. 

An ancient Copper Ingot and other small Egyptian Antiquities ; 
collected and presented by the Rev. G. J. Chester. 

A small Musical Instrument, 18 inches in length, composed of 17 
cane pipes and wind box, lacquered and mounted in silver, from the 
Port of Hiogo, Japan ; presented by Mr. 0. Heywood Jones. 

An inscribed Turkish Tombstone of Hajji Othman Agha, dated Zul 
Haggah, A.H., 1147 (corresponding to May, A.D. 1734) ; presented by 
the Rev, R. J. Livingstone, M.A. 

An Oriental Plate, with the name of Coomhe of Bristol, on the back ; 
presented by Miss Lovell. 

A large two-handled Tyg and Cover of early Liverpool Slip Ware, 
lettered A.W., and covered with Birds and Devices, and a carved 
wooden Ladle ; presented by Mr. John Melson. 

A fragment of Slip Ware found in King Edward Street, Oxford ; 
presented by Mr. John Henry Parker, C.B. 

A large piece of Egyptian Mummy Cloth found in a Tomb at Abydos, 
in 1856, a Scarahcem Beetle found at Denderah, and a fragment of 



18 

Wood inlaid with Hieroglyphics in ivory or composition, from the Salt 
Collection ; presented by Dr. Theodosius Purland, F.S.A., per Mr. 
Joseph Mayer. 

A Model of the King of Ava's State Barge, from Eangoon, and a 
Model of a Native Hut, with fittings and appliances, from the Orinoco 
River ; presented by Mr. R. D. Radcliflfe. 

A Cup and Saucer of Venetian Porcelain, marked with a red anchor 
and decorated with roses ; presented by Mr. P. H. Rathbone. 

A North American Indian Dress attributed to Osceola, a Seminole 
Chief, prominent in a struggle in Florida with the United States Govern- 
ment, 1832-7 ; presented by Mr. John Vickers. 

A Native Ashira Weaving Machine, from the 'Nguni, a branch of the 
River Ogowe, West Africa ; presented by Mr. W. Woodward. 

A collection of Wedgwood Medallion Portraits, specially struck for the 
Mayer Collection from the original moulds, has been received through 
the courtesy of Messrs. Wedgwood, of Etruria. 

EXCHANGES. 

The following objects have been received in exchange for duplicates :— 

A hundred and one Wedgwood-ware Portrait Medallions, from Mr. 
W. Bartlett. ^ 

An English Delft Bowl, an ancient Venetian Glass Bottle, and thirty- 
eight small Wedgwood White Biscuit Porcelain Cameos, from Mr. W. 
Wareham. 

Three Palaeolithic Flint Implements and five other specimens, from 
Mr. A. W. Franks. 

PURCHASES. 

A pair of Japanese Bronze Storks. 

A large Incense Burner in Japanese Kioto Ware. 

Eleven specimens of Early English Pottery, including pieces recently 
found in High Street, Oxford. 

A Four-handled Tyg of Liverpool Slip Ware, said to have been made 
on Shaw's Brow. 

A collection of Greek, Coptic, and Arab Papyri, from the Mounds of 
Crocodilopolis, Egypt. 



19 

A collection of Egyptian, Greek, Arab, and other Antiquities. 

Eighteen specimens of Spanish and Italian Pottery, Glass, <fec. 

One hundred and twenty-one specimens of Egyptian, Etruscan, Greek, 
and Koman Antiquities. 

A collection of small Peruvian Antiquities, from Samamer. 

A diminutive Jivaro Indian Head, from the Kiver Napo, Ecuador. 

FEEE LECTURES. 

The Thirteenth Course of Free Lectures was delivered in January, 
February, and March, 1878. 

LIST: 

One Lecture on Social Life amongst our Ancestors, by Mr. Coun- 
cillor J. A. Picton, J.P., F.S.A., Chairman of the Library, 
Museum, and Arts Committee. 

One Lecture on Bible Lands, by the Rev. H. H. Higgins, M.A. 

One Lecture on Mediaeval Art and the Monastic Orders, by Mr. 
Henry Clark. 

Two Lectures on Vocal Music, by Mr. James Veaco. 

One Lecture, A Visit to Sunny Lands, by Mr. Councillor J. A. 
Forrest. 

Two Lectures on Navigation, by Mr. James Gill, Teacher of Navi- 
gation and Nautical Astronomy at the Sailors' Home. 

One Lecture on the Chemistry of Sugar Refining, by Dr. Edmund 
Alleyne Cook, F.C.S. 

Two Lectures on the Education of the BUnd, by the Rev. Alexander 
Whishaw, M.A., Minister of the Church for the Blind, Liverpool. 

One Lecture on Mary Queen of Scots, by the Rev. William Cun- 
ningham, M.A. 

Two Lectures on Robert Burns and one on Edinburgh, by the Rev. 
William Graham. 

One Lecture on Sponges, their Natural History and Development, 

by Mr. Thomas Higgin, F.L.S. 
Three Lectures on Art, by Mr. Councillor P. H. Rathbone (viz., 

Nuremberg and Albert Durer ; Antwerp and Rubens ; Florence 

Giotto and Donatello). 



20 

Two Lectures on the Chemistry of Water Supply, by Mr. Noiman 

Tate. 
Two Lectures on Socrates and Charles Lamb, by the Key. Samuel 

Pearson, M.A. 

One Lecture on the Kutter-Phillips Collection of Minerals, by 
Mr. F. P. Marrat, M.L.G.S. 

One Lecture on the Natural History of the "Challenger" Expedi- 
tion (Atlantic Researches), by Mr. T. J. Moore, Curator of the 
Museum. 

One Lecture on the Arithmetic of Saving and Growing Money, by 
Mr. William Relton. 

Two Lectures on Hogarth's Industrious and Idle Apprentices, and 
Leisure, by the Rev. Hugh Stowell Brown. 

Two Lectures on the Chemistry of Vegetable and Animal Life, by 
Mr. Edward Davies, F.C.S. 

One Lecture on Adam Bede and Daniel Deronda, by Mr. B. 
Herdman Grindley. 

One Lecture on Shakespeare's Seven Ages of Man, and one 
Reading with Recitals, by Mr. Charles Dyall, Curator of the 
Walker Art Gallery. ^^ 

One Lecture on the Pacific Ocean ; its Shores and Islands, and the 
Evidence found there concerning the Human Race ; by Mr. A. J. 
Mott, late President of the Literary and Philosophical Society of 
Liverpool. 

One Lecture on William Caxton and the Invention of Printing, by 
Mr. Peter Cowell, Chief Librarian of the Free Public Library. 

One Lecture on the Geological Map of Great Britain, by Mr. R. A. 
Eskrigge, F.G.S. 

Two Lectures on the Balance of Power in Europe, by Mr. James 
Birchall, author of " England under the Normans and the 
Plantagenets." 

One Lecture on California and the Yosemite Valley, by Mr. 
Councillor A. H. Lewis. 

One Lecture, A Visit to Pompeii, by Mr. Henry Duckworth, J. P., 
F.R.G.S. 



21 

One Lecture, An Hour with the Microscope, with special reference 
to the origin of Minute Forms of Life, by the Rev. W. H. 
Dallinger, Vice-President of the Royal Microscopical Society. 

One Lecture on Torpedo Warfare, by Lieut. Francis Ingram 

Palmer, R.N. 
One Lecture on the Character of Abraham Lincoln, by Colonel 

J. W. Forney. 



CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LECTURES. 

In addition to the above it was thought advisable to institute a course 
of high-class lectures and examinations in connection with the Cambridge 
University Syndicate. 

The first course — on Political Economy, consisting of eleven lectures — 
was delivered by the Rev. W. Moore Ede, M.A., of St. John's College, 
Cambridge, commencing on the 9th October last. 

Examination papers were sent in by 72 persons. Of these 14 failed, 
22 passed in the first class, 36 in the second. High praise was bestowed 
by the examiners on the general character of the papers sent in. 

The success of this course has encouraged the Committee in the 
proposal to establish a similar course during the current year. 



The Liverpool School of Science has had the use of rooms as in 
former years, in which the following Courses of Lectures have been 
delivered, in connection with the Department of Science and Art, South 
Kensington : — 

Practical Plane and Solid Geometry, and Machine Construction 

and Drawing. Teacher, Mr. A. J. Briant. 
General Biology and Animal Physiology. Teacher, Mr. J. Powell 

Wright. 
Navigation and Nautical Astronomy. Teacher, Mr. James Gill. 
Geology and Mineralogy. Teacher, Mr. William Semmons. 
Examinations conducted under the management of the Universities 
of Oxford and Cambridge and of the Civil Service Commissioners have 
taken place as usual. 

The following Societies have also had the use of rooms : — The 
Amateur Photographic Society, the Liverpool Numismatic Society, and 
the Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society. 



22 



VISITORS. 

Since the date of the last Report the Gallery has been open on 272 days, 
and closed on 44 days for cleaning and the re-arrangement of the per- 
manent collection. Total Visitors during the year, 567,626 (being a 
daily average of 2,083). Of this total, 89,110 persons paid for admis- 
sion to the Autumn Exhibition of Pictures. 

The Committee invited 34 schools in the town to visit the Exhibition 
free of charge, and scholars to the number of 7,962 attended. These 
are also included in the total admissions to the Gallery. 

AUTUMN EXHIBITION. 
The sales from the exhibition this year have not equalled those of the 
previous year, owing to the depressing circumstances of the times. In 
all other respects this has been the most successful exhibition yet held. 

The following are the statistics : — 

1878. 1877. 

Number of Pictures and other Works 

of Art exliibited 1,062 1,320 

Number of Pictures sold 238 302 

Amount realised by sales, inclusive of 
a Picture by Herkomer, purchased 

from the easel *£7,340 7 £10,989 6 

SeasonTickets 2,734 528 14 6 2,316 443 14 

Admissions at one shilling 39,297 1,964 17 38,572 1,928 12 

Ditto threepence 33,860 423 5 33,533 419 3 3 

Ditto sixpence 13,219 330 9 6 

Catalogues sold 562 8 6 454 10 1 

Commission on sales 242 4 2 637 11 2 

Amount received, exclusive of sales ... 3,809 14 6 3,245 19 4 
* This amount includes the Pictures purchased out of the Exhibition by the 
Corporation, on which commission is not charged. 

DONORS OF WORKS OF ART. 

The Donations and Bequests to the Gallery have been numerous and 
important. A valuable collection of Oil Paintings, Water-colour Draw- 
ings, and Engravings has been bequeathed by the late Mrs. Margaret 
Harvey, of Aigburth. Seven important Oil Paintings were presented in 
the names of various members of his family, by Mr. George Arkle, J,P, 



23 

Three valuable Paintings were presented, by deed of gift, by the late 
Mr. James Aikin, J. P. ; and the members of his family also presented 
a fine marble copy of the " Crouching Venus." The Committee are also 
indebted for other important Donations to Mr. A. G. Kurtz, Messrs. 
Agnew & Sons, Mr. Thos, Harding, Mr. A. Legros, Col. A. H. Brown, 
and H. Herkomer. Messrs. Frisch & Shierwater have presented a large 
Clock, which is placed in the upper Hall. 

The sum of £2,994 16s. 2d. has been expended in purchases as 
follows : — 

Oiij Paintings — 

"And when did you last see your Father?" — Commissioners and 
Soldiers of the Long Parliament in a Manor House, questioning the 
inhabitants as to the whereabouts of the Royalists ; by W. F. 
Yeames, A.R.A. 

" A War Despatch at the Hotel de Ville," by A. C. Gow. 

" Gathering Bait," by J. Aumonier. 

" The Duenna," by J. Ecford Lauder. 

" Voices of the Sea," by the late F. W. Topham. 

" The Lake of Lucerne," by T. Danby. 

"A Woman and ChUd," by F. Goodall, R.A. 

" Eventide : a Scene in the Westminster Union," by Hubert Herkomer. 

" The Port of Genoa," by the late J. Holland. 

Watir Coloues — 

" A View of Water Street in 1810," by W. G. Herdman. 

" The New Haymarket in Liverpool," by S. Eglington. 

DONATIONS AND BEQUESTS. 

Oil Paintings — 

" An Italian Hostelry between Rome and Ancona," by C. W. 
Cope, R.A. ; presented by Mr. Thomas Harding. 

" The North Shore, or Estuary of the River Mersey," by the late A. 
Hunt ; presented by Mr. Thomas Harding. 

"Portrait of John Gibson, Esq., R.A.," by Partridge; presented by 
Messrs. T. Agnew and Sons. 



24 

" Lady Macbeth " (ideal portrait), by T. F. Dicksee ; presented by Mr. 
A. G. Kurtz. 

"The Pattern," Connemara, by the late F. W. Topham; presented 
by Lieut.-Col. A. H. Brown, M.P. 

" Ruins in the City of Rome," by Cavaliere Giovanni Paolo Pannini ; 
presented by Mr. James Aikin. 

" King iEdipus and his Daughters," by Henry Fuseli, R.A. ; presented 
by Mr. James Aikin. 

"The Finding of ^sculapius," by Tagloni; presented by Mr. James 
Aikin. 

" The Parable of Forgiveness," by J. Eckford Lauder ; presented by 
Mrs. Arkle. 

" Ruins of a Temple and Amphitheatre," by D. Roberts, R.A. ; 
presented by Mr. George Arkle. 

" The Trial of the Earl of Strafford in Westminster Hall, 1641," by 
William Fisk ; presented by Mr. James Arkle. 

" King Richard I. of England, surnamed Coeur de Lion, and Soldan 
Saladin," by S. A. Hart, R.A. ; presented by Mr. George Herbert Arkle. 

"Cromwell Refusing the Crown," by J. Schex; presented by Mr. 
Edward Stanley Arkle. 

"View on the Thames near Maidenhead," by E. J. Niemann; 
presented by Mr, Alexander Baillie Arkle. 

" Robinson Crusoe Explaining the Scriptures to Friday," by Alexander 
Eraser ; presented by Mr. Frank St. John Arkle. 

Landscape, "Moorland Scenery," by T. Creswick, R.A.; Harvey 
bequest. 

River Scene, " The Way Across the River," by T. Creswick, R.A. ; 
Harvey bequest. 

" Head of a Young Man," by Gerard Douw ; Harvey bequest. 

"Lady and Cavalier Taking Refreshment," by Terburg; Harvey 
bequest. 

"Pharold Dividing the Spoil with his Tribe," by Thomas Clater; 
Harvey bequest. 

" Cattle in Dutch Landscape," by Van Stry; Harvey bequest. 

" The Outcast, Crazy Kate," by W. J. Bishop ; Harvey bequest. 



25 

"The Gathering of the Vintage, Seville," by Eobert Mclnnes ; 
Harvey bequest. 

" Dutch Boors " (a pair), by D. Teniers ; Harvey bequest. 

" Landscape and Water Mill, Waterloo," by Breughel ; figures by 
Luigelbach ; Harvey bequest. 

"Marine Vievc," by Van de Velde ; Harvey bequest. 

Water Colour Drawings — 

"Landscape and Sheep," by Birket Foster; Harvey bequest. 

"Wormhead, Coast of Cornwall," Shipping off the Coast; By E. 
Duncan ; Harvey bequest. 

Swiss Scene, " Part of the Village and Church of Val Orsiere, on the 
road between Chamouni and the Tete Noir," by T. M. Richardson; 
Harvey bequest. 

"Italian Lake, Maggiore," by T. M. Richardson ; Harvey bequest. 

" Cow and Sheep," by T. S. Cooper, R.A. ; Harvey bequest. 

" Jar of Flowers, and Basket of Flowers," by Mrs. Harrison ; Harvey 
bequest. 

"Contemplation," by W. Hunt; Harvey bequest. 

" The Wreckers," by A. Herbert ; Harvey bequest. 

" The Stile," by Birket Foster ; Harvey bequest. 

" Group of Children," by F. W. Topham ; Harvey bequest. 

Engravings and Etchings — 

" The Infant Samuel ;" Harvey bequest. 

" The First Minuet," after Millais ; Harvey bequest. 

" The First of May," after Landseer ; Harvey bequest. 

" The Queen ; " Harvey bequest. 

" The Late Prince Consort ;" Harvey bequest. 

" The Finding of Christ in the Temple," after Holman Hunt; Harvey 
bequest. 

" The Immaculate Conception," after Murillo ; Harvey bequest. 

" Shoeing," after Landseer ; Harvey bequest. ' 

"Head of an Old Woman," etched by H. Herkoner ; presented 
by the Artist. 



26 

The following Etchings, by A. Legros, have been presented by the 
Artist : — 

" Cardinal Manning," " Le Mouton Retrouve," 

" Les Bucherons," " Tete d'Homme," 

and five Drawings and Etchings, executed before the Students of the 
Slade School of Art, London University. 

Marble Copy of the "Crouching Venus," presented by the family of 
the late James Aikin. 

Clock for upper Hall ; presented by the makers, Messrs. Frisch and 
Shierwater. 



LECTURE ON ART BY MR. HERKOMER, 

Painter of " The Last Muster" " Eventide," (tc, Gold Medallist Paris 
Universal Exhibition, 1878. 

On Saturday, November 2nd, a lecture entitled "A Philosophical 
Ramble in Search of True Art" was given at the Hall of the Free 
Library, under the auspices of the Committee, by Mr. Herbert Her- 
komer. About 400 students, and others interested in art culture, 
attended. 

At a conversazione, held at the Art Club on the following Monday, 
Mr. Herkomer suggested the holding of an Art Congress, or Painters' 
Festival, in Liverpool, at which some of the leading artists should be 
invited to give practical illustrations of painting to the students of the 
district. The proposal has. been received with considerable favour, and 
is likely to be acted upon during the ensuing summer or autumn. 

LESSON IN PAINTING BY MR. A. LEGROS, 

Professor at the Slade School, London University. 
As a step in the direction indicated by Mr. Herkomer, the Committee 
availed themselves of an ofier by Mr. Alphonse Legros to give a public 
lesson in painting to some of the art students of the town. The lesson 
was given at the Walker Art Gallery on Wednesday, November 27th, 
and was attended by nearly 200 Students, who received tickets free on 
producing certificates of advanced studies in drawing and painting. Mr. 
Legros painted a fine study of a head from the life in one hour and forty 
minutes, which he afterwards presented to the Committee for the perma- 
nent collection, together with a number of etchings and drawings also 
by himself. 



27 

The exhibition was brought to a close on Monday, December 9th, when 
a soirre was held, attended by about 1,000 visitors. 

The following Pictures, in response to a request from H.R.H. the 
Prince of Wales, were lent to the Paris Exhibition, and have been 
returned in good order : — 

" Serf Emancipation," by Armitage. 

" Richard II. Resigning the Crown to Boliugbroke," by Sir John 
Gilbert. 

" Dinner Time at Purbeck Quarries," by A. D. Fripp. 

Signed, on behalf of the Committee, 

J. A. PICTON, 

Chairman. 



15 JUL 1898 




:^ 



i 



TWENTY-SEVENTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



MUSEUM, 



WALKER ART GALLERY, 



OF THE 



BOROUGH OF LIVERPOOL. 




LIVERPOOL: 
PKINTED BY HEKEY GREENWOOD, 3-2, CASTLE STREET. 



1S80. 



■^=^6i 



TWENTY-SEVENTH 

ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



MUSEUM, 



AND 



WALKEK AET GALLERY, 



OF THE 



BOROUGH OF LIVERPOOL. 





I 



LIVERPOOL: 
PRINTED BY HENRY GREENWOOD, 3-2, CASTLE STREET. 

1880. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS. 



FOR THE YEARS 1879-30. 



Committee. 
JAMES ALLAN SON PICTON, F.S.A., Chairman. 
Alderman EDWARD SAMUELSON, Deputy-Chairmax. 
Alderman BERNARD HALL, Mayor. 



Alderman WILLIAM BENNETT. 
ANTHONY BOWER. 
CHARLES TRICKS BOWRING. 
STEWART HENRY BROWN. 
ANDREW COMMINS, LL.D. 
WILLIAM CROSFIELD. 
Rev. H. H. HIGGINS, M.A. 
THOMAS HOLDER. 



ROBERT D. HOLT. 
WILLIAM J. LUNT. 
JOSEPH MAYER. 
DAVID RADCLIFFE. 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE. * 
THOMAS B. ROYDEN. 
THOMAS E. STEPHENS. * 
Alderman Sir A. B. WALKER. 



OWEN H. WILLIAMS. 

Chief Librarian. 
PETER COWELL. 

Sub-Librarian. 
THOMAS FOKMBY. 

Curator of the Museum. 
THOMAS J. MOORE. 

Curator of the Mayer Collection. 
CHARLES T. GATTY. 

Curator of the Walker Art Caller ij. 
CHARLES DYALL. 






E E P R T . 



The Committee have pleasure in reporting the continued progress of 
the institution in all its departments. 

The Reference Library, which was the original foundation, and from 
which the other departments have sprung, has developed considerably 
during the year, the number of volumes issued having risen from 
437,746 to 516,527, and the total issues from 729,540 to 808,045. This 
is the result up to the close of the municipal year on the 31st of August 
last. 

The New Eeading Room, in regard to which the Council have honoured 
the Chairman by attaching his name to it, was opened on the 8th 
of October by the Mayor and Council, after which a banquet was held in 
St. George's Hall, the Right Hon. the Earl of Derby in the chair. 

The greater portion of the books have been transferred to the shelves 
in the new room, but a large number still remain in the old library, 
space being required for the rapid accumulations in the several divisions 
and classes. 

The Council having given their consent, the completion of the new- 
Lecture Room under the New Library will be proceeded with, without 
delay. 

The completion of the Picton Reading Room, forming the connecting 
link between the Brown Library and Museum on one side and the 
Walker Art Gallery on the other, has furnished the town with a range of 
apartments having internal communication, almost unrivalled for the 
purposes of a public demonstration. These advantages were felt on the 
occasion of the Post Office and Telegraphic Conference of Delegates 
from all parts of the world, which was held in Liverpool in September 
last, and again at the Soiree at the close of the Annual Exhibition in 
December. 



REFERENCE LIBRARY. 
Since the opeuing of the Picton Reading Room the arrangements for 
the readers have undergone some modification. The old reading room is 
appropriated to light literature and periodicals, the new room to science 
and general literature. Having made this arrangement it was thought 
desirable to abolish the system of tickets to the private or students' 
room, which to many appeared an invidious distinction, the new room 
affording ample accommodation for quiet study, and open freely to all. 
At the same time, should circumstances require it, the old students' 
room is still available. 

The statistics are as follow : — 

Table I. — Showing the total issue of volumes for the year : — 

Theology, Morals, &c 19,888 71 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 15, 108 54 

Natural History 6,906 24 

Science and the Arts 27,777 99 

History and Biography 33,796 121 

Topography and Antiquities 6,45() 23 

Voyages and Travels 20,210 72 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, Maga- 
zines, &c.) 108,292 387 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 3,785 14 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 4,947 18 

Education and Language : 6,860 24 

Poetry ami Dramatic Literature 22,337 80 

Prose Fiction 226,581 809 

Latin and Greek Classics, and Translations 5,312 19 

Heraldry, Encyolopcedias, and Works of Reference 8,272 30 



Total 516,527 1845 

Table II. — Showing the issue of Quarterly and Monthly Magazines 
exclusively : — 

riasMfiratinn Magazines Daily 

(.lassihcation. Issued. Average. 

Theology, Morals, &c 3,113 11 

Natural Philosophy, &c 322 1 

Natural History 260 1 

Science and the Arts 2,016 7 

Topography and Antiquities 169 1 

Voyages and Travels 1 27 1 

Mi.scellaneous Literature 43,589 156 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 683 2 

Education and Language 414 1 

Total 50,693 181 



5 

Table III.— Showing the issue of Weekly Periodicals, &c., exclu- 
sively : — 

Periodicals Daily 

Classification. Issued. Average. 

Natural Philosophy 2,623 9 

Natural History j^'Hi^ ^ 

Science and the Arts ,■ ' ' k\.\ ' 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally Illustrated and Literary 

Periodicals) ^^4 679 

Law and Politics ^^" ^ 

Commerce and Political Economy i^ coo 4 

Directories and Dictionaries I4,bi5rf 

Total 223,667 799 

Total Patents for Inventions consulted, 17,158. Daily Average, 65. 



Recapitulation of Totals. 

Volumes of Books This Year 516,527 ; Last Year 437,476 

Quarterly and Monthly Magazines .. „ 50,693 „ oI,b&4 

Weekly Periodicals, &c „ 223,667 „ 229,.o8 

Patents Consulted 17.158 „ 11.15- 

Grand Total 808,045 729,540 

Total Increase this Year, 78,505. 
Besides the constant and unrestricted use of some eighty volumes of 
Dictionaries and other works wholly of reference, of which no statistics 
are taken. 

Table IV.— Showing the number and classification of works added 
during the year : — 

Volumes Total No. in 

Classification. Added, the Library. 

m, , ^T 1 . .... 116 5,560 

Theology, Morals, kn. ■ ^2 1.628 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c ^^q 3^881 

Natural History 260 8,304 

Science and the Arts ooj 9 402 

History and Biography ^gg 3^403 

Topography and Antiquities ^^^2 4,049 

Voyages and Travels ",; ' ' ' j' ^li/ ' i ' ' "tCtoVto 

MisceUaneous Literature (principally coUected Works, Maga- ^^^ ^^^^^^ 

zines, &c.) ■■■ . ■ • J54 5_'809 

Jurisprudence, Law, and rolitics ^g yyg 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics ^^ 1,140 

Education and Language ^ 3',043 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature gy 5'382 

Prose Fiction gg '592 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations ., ,„q 

Heraldry, Encyclopoedias, and Works of Reference ' ^ ^ 

Total 2,435 69,381 



The following is the list of Magazines and Periodicals illustrating 
Tables II. and ni. :— 



QUARTKKLT. 

Annales des Sciences Naturelles 

Archaaologia Cambrensis 

Archaeological Journal 

British and Foreign Evangelical Eeview 

British Quarterly Review 

Church Quarterly Review 

Dublin Review 

Edinburgh Review 

Ibis 

Journal de Conchyliogie 

Journal fur Ornithologie 

Journal of Anatomy 

Journal of the British Archaeological 

Association 
Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society 
Journal of the Society of Antiquaries 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
London Quarterly Review 
Mind 
Navy List 

New Quarterly Magazine 
Numismatic Chronicle and Jonrnal 
Popular Science Review 
Quarterly Journal of the Geological 

Society 
Quarterly Journal of Microscopical 

Science 
Quarterly Review 
Revue Celtique 

Revue et Magasin de Zoologie 
Stray Feathers 
Sunday Review 
Theological Review 
Traethodydd 
Westminster Review 
Zeitschrift fiir Deutsche Philologie 
Zeitschrift fiir Ethnologic 

Monthly. 

All the Year Round 

American Naturalist 

Annals and Magazine of Natural History 

Argosy 

Army List 

Art Journal 

Atlantic Monthly 

Band of Hope Review 

Banker's Magazine 

Belgravia 

Bibliotheque Universelle 

Blackwood's Magazine 

CasseU's Magazine 

Catholic Presbyterian 

Chambers's Journal 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

CoDgregationalist 



MoN THLT — Continued. 

Contemporary Review 

Continental Railway Guide 

Cope's Tobacco Plant 

Cornhill Magazine 

Dabeim 

Day of Rest 

Dietetic Reformer 

Educational Guide 

Educational Times 

Englishwoman's Review 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Florist and Pomologist 

Fortnightly Review 

Eraser's Magazine 

Gazette des Beaux Arts 

Gartenlaube 

Gentleman's Magazine 

Geological Magazine 

Good Words 

Homoeopathic World 

International Review 

Journal of Conchology 

Journal of the Chemical Society 

Journal of Horticulture 

Journal of Science 

Leisure Hour 

Library Journal 

London Society 

Macmillan's Magazine 

Magazine of Art 

Mineralogical Magazine 

Month 

Monthly Microscopical Journal 

Musical Times 

Nautical Magazine 

Next of Kin Gazette 

Nineteenth Century 

North American Review 

Once a Week 

Orchestra 

Petermann's Mittheilungen, &c. 

Phonographic Reporter 

Portfolio 

Printer's Register 

Printing Times 

Quiver 

Railway Guide 

Revue Arch^ologique 

Revue Britannique 

Revue Chr^tienne 

Royal Geographical Society's Journal 

Science Gossip 

Scribner's Monthly 

Shorthand Magazine 

St. James's Magazine 

Sunday at Home 

Sunday Magazine 



MoNTHLA'— Condnned. 

Temple Bar 

Theatre 

Tiiisley's Magazine 

Truthaeeker 

United Service Journal 

University Magazine 

Women's Suflfrage Journal 

Yachting Magazine 

Zoologist 

FORTNTOHTLY. 

British and Colonial Printer and Stationer 
Gazette des Architectes 
Kevue des Deux Mondes 
Uosere Zeit 

Weekly. 

Academy 

Alliance News 

Architect 

Athenaeum 

Argus 

British Architect 

Broad Arrow 

Builder 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 

Building News 

Cambridge University Reporter 

Capital and Labour 

Chemical News 

Chronique des Arts 

Civilian 

Colonies 

Comptes Rendus 

Economist 

Engineer 

Engineering 

English Mechanic 

Era 

Examiner 

Field 



Weekly — Continued. 
Fun 

Gardeners' Chronicle 
Good Templar's Watchword 
Graphic 

Illustrated London News 
Iron 

Jewish Chronicle 
Journal of Gaslighting, &c. 
Journal of the Society of Arts 

Judy 

Keystone 

Lancet 

Land and Water 

Lantern 

Law Times 

League Journal 

Liberal Review 

Local GovernmentChromcle 

London Gazette 

Mayfair 

Mining Journal 

Nature 

Naval and Military Gazette 

Notes and Queries 

Oxford University Reporter 

Pharmaceutical Journal 

Pictorial World 

Porcupine 

Public Opinion 

Punch 

Railway Journal 

Saturday Review 

Scientific American 

Spectator 

Sydney Mail 

Temperance Record 

Truth 

Universal Engineer 

Volunteer Service Gazette 

Vanity Fair 

Weekly Notes 

World 



DONORS AND DONATIONS. 

The following donations have heen received during the year :- 



Amsterdam, Evanoelisch Luthersch 
Semmarium: — Catalogueof the Library. 
Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Univkr- 
SiTY: — Chesapeake Zoological Labo- 
ratory. Scientific Results, 1878. 
BiRDWOOt), G. C. M. (the Author), Paris 
Exhibition, 1878: Handbook to British 
Industrial Section. 

Birkenhead Literary and Scientific 
Society : — Report, 1878-9. 

Birmingham Corporation : — Bunce's 
History of the Corporation of Birming- 
ham, vol. 1, 1878. 

Birmingham Libraries Committee :— 
Liverpool Corporation Treasurer's Re- 
port for 1830. 

Boston Public Library, U. S. A : — 
Bulletins ; and Catalogue of the Ticknor 
Collection. 

Bradford Public Library: — Index 
Catalogue, &c., 1878. 

Brereton, Austin : — Journal of the 
Dramatic Reform Association, N os. 1- 16 

Briscoe, J. P. :— Report of Conservancy 
Boards ; Centralization ; Stranger in 
Liverpool, 6th edition. 

British Museum Trustees : — Various 
Publications. 

Caine, T. H. Hall :— Restoration of 
Ancient Buildings ; Richard III. and 
Macbeth. 

Canadian Government, Dbpaktment of 
Agriculture : — Patent Office Record. 

Carr, James (the Author) : — Annals and 
Stones of Colue. 

Castellain, A : — Journal of the Royal 
Agricultural Society, vol. 14, and 15, 
part 1 ; Liverpool Philharmonic Con- 
certs Programmes, 1849-50 to 1878-9. 

Cernuschi, Henri (the Author) : — Mone- 
tary Diplomacy in 1878. 

Clarke, D. (the Author) : — Scriptural 
Harmony. 

Cooke, Miss M. : — The Picards or 
Pychards of Stradev^y Castle. 

Copenhagen Royal Library^ (per C. 
Bruun) : — Aarsberetuinger og Medde- 
lelser f ra det Store Kongelige Bibliothek 

Cox, Homersham, M.A. (the Author): — 
Antient Parliamentary Elections. 

Danson, William : — Tlie Great (Jharter. 

Dawbarn, William : — Literary Papers ; 
Charles Lamb ; Essays, Tales, &c. ; 
Government, Conduct, and Example. 

De Rance, C. E. : — Underground Waters; 
Coal Fields. 

Dutch Church Consistory-, Austin 
Friars, London : — Catalogue of the 
Dutch Church Library. 

"Examiner," The Publishers of the : — 
The Academy Guide, 1879. 



Harvard College, Cambridge, U.S.A. : 
— Bulletins ; List ^ of Serial Publica- 
tions ; Auriferous Gravels of the Sierra 
Nevada, by Prof. J. D. Whitney. 

H. M. Government : — Catalogue of the 
Library of the Museum of Practical 
Geology and Geological Survey. 

Herdman, W. G. (the Author) : — Poems 
in MS. and Print. 

Hill, Sastuel : — Fragmentary Philan- 
thropic Appeals; and various Pamphlets 

Hume, Rev. Canon, D. C. L. (the Author) : 
— Thomas Moore. 

Hutchinson, Walter H. :— Barbadoes 
Blue Book, 1877. 

Institution of Civil Engineers : — 
Alinutes of Proceedings, vols. 53 to 57. 

Institution of Mechanical Engineers: 
—Proceedings, 1878-9. 

Jones, Robert (the Author) : — Handrail- 
ing cut Square to the Plank. 

Lewin, W^alter (the Editor) : — Papers 
for the Times. 

Library Reports from the following 
Libraries : — Aston Manor ; Astor 
Library, U.S. ; Birkenhead ; Birming- 
ham ; Blackburn ; Bolton ; Boston, 
U.S. ; Brighton ; Burlington, U.S. 
Chester ; Derby ; Devon and Exeter 
Dundee ; Harvard University, U.S. 
Leeds ; Leicester ; New York Appren 
tices, U.S. ; Nottingham; Plymouth 
Rochdale ; Salford ; San Francisco 
Mercantile, U.S; Sheffield; South 
Shields ; Southport; Swansea; Sydney, 
N.S.W. ; Walsall ; Wednesbury ; West 
Bromwich ; Westminster ; Wigan ; 
Wolverhampton ; Worcester, U. S. 

Liverpool Art Club : — Catalogue of 
Wedgwood Loan Collection. 

Liverpool Engineering Society: — 
Annual Report, 1877. 

Liverpool Literary and Philosophical 
Society : — Proceedings, vol. 32. 

Liverpool (Lyceum) Library : — Supple- 
mentary Catalogue, 1879. 

Liverpool Naturali.sts' Field Club: — 
Appendix to the Flora of Liverpool ; 
Proceedings. 

Liverpool Numismatic Society : — 
.Journal. Large and small paper copies. 

London Corporation : — Supplements to 
Catalogue of the Corporation Library ; 
Analytical Index to the Remembrancer 

Longmans, Green & Co., Me.ssrs. (Pub- 
lishers) : — London Science Class-Books: 
— Mechanics, l)y Prof. Ball ; Molecular 
Physics and Sound, by F. Guthrie ; 
Hydrostatics and Pneumatics, by I'. 
Magnus. 



g 



DONORS AND DOl!^ATWSS—(Gon(im<ed.) 



Manchester Geological Society : — 
Transactions, 1878-9. 

Manchester Statistical Society : — 
Transactions, 1877-8. 

Marsy, M. Le Comte de (the Author): — 
Voyage a Bender en 1712 ; and other 
Pamphlets. 

Michell, Nicholas (the Author) : — 
Nature and Life 

National Society for Women's Suff- 
rage : — Annual Keport ; Opinions of 
Women on Women's Suffrage. 

Nevin-s, a. E. : — Astronomical Lectures, 
by W. Whiston. 

New York Apprentices' Library : — 
Catalogue ; various reports, by-laws, 
&c. 

Nottingham Free Library Committee : 
First Supplement to Catalogue of Lend- 
ing Library. 

Odling, Mrs. E. M. (the Authoress) : — 
Memoir of Alfred Smee. 

Ohio Agricultural Board : — Report 
for 1877. 

Ohio Central Scientific Association : 
— Report, &G. 

Papworth, Wyatt : — Memoir of John 
B. Papworth. 

Patents, Commissioners of : — Specifica- 
tions, Indexes, &c. 

Paton, Allan P. (the Editor) :— The 
Hamuet yhakespeare : — Hamlet; Cyiu- 
beline. 

Pennsylvania, Board of Commission- 
ers : — Annual Report on the Public 
Charities. 

Pfoundes, C. :— Fuso Mimi Bukuro ; 
Japanese Art Treasures. 

Philadelphia Mercantile Library : — 
Finding List for Novels ; List of Books 
in cases. 

Phillipson&Golder, Messrs. (the Pub- 
lishers) : — Chester Diocesan Calendar. 

Pilling, William (the Author) : — Ponce 
de Leon ; Near the Lagunas. 

Pitman, I. : — Phonetic Journal, vols. 36 
and 37. 

Plymouth Public Library : — Supple- 
mentary Index Catalogue. 

Pratt, Okson (the Author) :— Key to the 
Universe. 

Preston, Edward (the Author): — Index 
to Heirs at Law. 

Reade, T. Mellard (the Author :— 
Geological Pamphlets. 

Royal Astronomical Society: — Month- 
ly Notices, &c. 

Royal Colonial Institute : — Proceed- 
ings. 

Royal In.stitutk of British Archi- 
tects : — Sessional Papers. 

Russell, Logan D. H., M.D. (the 
Author) : — Jamaica : a Home for In- 
valids. 



Rundell, W. W. (the Author) : — Daily 
Inequality of the Barometer. 

Scottish Tejiperance League : — Publi- 
cations of tlie, 39 vols. 

Scratchley, Arthur (the Author) — 
Treatise on Friendly Societies (Revised 
Edition, 1878). 

Sharpe, William (the Author) : — Hu- 
manity and the Man ; The Conqueror's 
Dream. 

Shipley, Rev. 0., M.A. (the Author): — 
Principles of FaiCh, &c. 

Shoolbred, J. N., B.A. (the Author): — 
Electric Lighting. 

Skeat, Rev. W. W., M.A. :— An English 
Anglo-Saxon Vocabulary. 

Smithsonian Institution, U.S.A. : — 
Miscellaneous Collections, vols. 13-15 ; 
Contributions. 

Sotheran, Messrs. H. & Co. (the Pub- 
lishers) : — Free Libraries and News- 
rooms, by J. D. Mullins. 

Spratt, Admiral T., C.B. : — Travels in 
Crete ; Travels in Lj'cia. 

Spybey, F. G. : — Nottingham County 
Cricket Matches. 

Stephen, Walter S. : — Ovid's Metamor- 
phosis, 1690. 

Sydney Public Library : — Catalogue 
of the Reference Department; Works 
on New South Wales. 

Taylor, J. Stopford :— Report of the 
Health of Liverpool. 

Tegima, S., Tokio : — Outline History of 
Japanese Education, Literature, and 
Arts. 

Thomas, Hugh 0. (the Author) : — Intes- 
tinal Obstructions. 

TiMMiNS, Sam : — Companion to the Liver- 
pool Museum. 

TiNNE, John A.: — Petermann's Geogra- 
phisches Mittheilungen ; Illustrated 
London News, vols. 71, 72, and 73. 

United States Government : — Coast 
Survey, 1875 ; Motion of the Moon. 

Victoria, Agent General for :— Geo- 
logical Survey of Victoria, Nos. 2 and 
4 ; Statistical Register of the Colony of 
Victoria. 1876-7. 

Wales, University College of : — 
Calendar. 

Warp.ington Museum Committee: — 
Book Rarities in the Warrington 
Museum, by W. E. A. Axon. 

Wathekston, E. J. (the Author) : — Pro- 
gress of British Commerce ; Free Trade 
in Gold and Silver. 

Watt, Henry F. (the Author) :— State 

of the Navy. 
vViLLiAMS & Norgate, Messes. : — Geo- 
logical Survey of Victoria, No. 3. 

Zoological Society of London:— Pro- 
ceedings, 1878 ; Transactions, 1878. 



10 



LENDING LIBRARIES. 



Table I. — General Statistics. 



Volumes lent 

Tickets issued to i^Iew Readers 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled . . . . , 

Total readers on the books . . 
Books lost or injured, and paid for 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — replaced. . 
Volumes worn out — withdrawn 

New volumes added 

Total No. of vols, in the Libraries 



North South 

Library. Library. 



214,467 

2,514 

2,319 

2,568 

4,806 

27 

5 

824 

464 

457 

21,041 



ToTiX. 



209,104 

2,519 

2,284 

2,486 

4,860 

36 

10 

879 

290 

412 

21,675 



4-23,571 

5,024 

4,603 

5,054 

9,666 

63 

15 

1,703 

764 

869 

42,716 



North South 
Library. Library. 



224,705 

2,619 

2,286 

2,369 

4,878 

57 

9 

460 

228 

318 

21,048 



216,619 441,224 



2,414 

2,416 i 

2,458 1 

4,855 I 

55! 

6 

657' 

210 I 

321 ! 

21,563' 



5,033 

4,702 

4,827 

9,733 

112 

16 

1,107 

438 

639 

42,601 



Table II. — Showing the Classification of Volumes Lent and Added 



1 


Volumes Lent. j Volumes Added. 




North 
Library. 

4,722 

3,807 

2,317 

7,866 

10,461 

1,106 

6,232 

14,718 

411 

870 

2,441 

1,847 

157,278 


South 
Library. 


TOTAX. 


North South , „ 
Library. Library. Total. 


Theolosry, Moral Philosophy, &c. 
Nat. Philosophy and Mathematics 


4,043 

2,805 

2,255 

7,773 

10,086 

975 

5,662 

13,250 

251 

873 

1,956 

1,875 

156,825 


8,765 

6,612 

4,672 

15,639 

20,547 

2,081 

11,894 

27,968 

662 

1,749 

4,397 

3,722 

314,103 


16 15 31 
16 17 33 
20 16 , 36 




37 25 62 


History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities .... 


67 65 132 

7 5 1 12 

23 27 1 60 


Miscellaneous Literature . . ... . 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce and Political Economy 
Education, Languages, Logic, &c. 
Poetry and the Drama 


89 73 
3 3 
3 I 6 
1 ' 1 
8 4 
167 166 


162 
6 

\ 

12 
323 


Latin and Greek Classics 


255. 306 j 561 
130 169 299 






1 ' 


Total 


214,467! 209.104 423,571 467 412 | 869 















JIttiseum. 



STATISTICS. 
The Visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows : — 

1879 1878. 

219 Days. 213 Days. Increase. 

Total Visitors in the year 416,156 397,808 18,348 

Weekly average 7,852 7,650 202 

Daily average 1,900 1,867 33 

The 18th of October, 1879, was the 18th anniA-ersary of the opening 
of the Museum in the present building. 



11 

The total number of visitors during that time amounted to 7,980,181, 
giving a yearly average of 443,843. 

DONATIONS. 

Specimens of Flint Flakes from the Raised Beach, known as the 
Corrau, at Larue, County Antrim ; also Flint Flakes and Core from the 
gravel pit in the liaised Beach at Kilroot, near Carrickfergus, County 
Antrim, collected and presented by Mr. Frank Archer. 

A cluster of Zoophytes, Ajlaopheriia angulosa, dredged in 8 to 10 
fathoms at Johore Shoal, Singapore ; presented by Surgeon-Major S. 
Archer. 

A Sea Snake, Ghersydrus, from the Java Seas ; presented by Mr. 
"William Baldwin. 

Living specimens of Sessile Barnacles, Balanas, taken from the hull 
of the S.S. Egypt on her arrival at Liverpool after lying five weeks at 
Port Duruford, South Africa ; presented by Mr. Edward Banner, J. P. 

A specimen of Flexible Sandstone from near Delhi ; presented by Mr. 
E. Bibby, Jun. 

A living "Gopher" Terrapin; presented by Mr. Eugene Blackford, 
New York. 

A living young Tortoise-Shell Turtle, Chelone hnhricata, and a young 
Green Turtle, Chelone viridis, from the West Indies ; presented by 
Mr. Walter Blythe. 

Specimens of 2G species of Fossil Shells and 1 of Cirrhipeds from 
Post Pliocene beds of Canada and Portland, Maine, U.S.A. ; presented 
by Dr. E. C. BoUes, per Mr. James Samuelson. 

Six living Sea Urchins, Echinus sphcera, from Port Erin ; presented 
by Mr. H. R. Boult. 

The skin of a Puma, small India-rubber Model of a Manatee, 
specimens of Birds, Reptiles, Insects, &c., from the River Amazon ; 
collected and presented by Mr. Septimus Brocklehurst. 

The Skull of an Egyptian Mummy ; presented by Mr. J. A. Brown. 
An Otter, killed near Corwen ; presented by Mr. Thomas Cope. 
A collection of Moa Bones, Dinornis, forming a nearly complete 
skeleton ; also a small plate of Baleen, 19 inches long ; the Ear-bone 



12 

of a large Seal; ami specimens of Porpita; presented by Dr, Millen 
Couglitrey, Dunediu, New Zealand. 

A young male African Elephant ; presented by Mr. William Cross. 

A collection of srcall Food and other Fishes from Malabar and 
Cochin ; collected, named, and presented by Dr. F. Day. 

A Red Deer (Hind) from Knowslcy Park ; presented by the Earl of 
Derby for the Osteological Collection. 

A Culminated Albatross, Diomedea cidiiiinata ; presented by Mr. T. 
W. Ellwood. 

A small Cabinet of Minerals, collected by the late Professor Fowues ; 
also specimens of Volcanic Rocks and four Fossil Coal Plants ; presented 
by Mrs. R. F. Fownes. 

A collection of one hundred and twenty selected specimens of 
Australian Minerals and Geological Specimens, including four models of 
Gold Nuggets; with MS. Catalogue and Labels, collected, prepared, 
and presented by Mr. John Greenwood, Melbourne, formerly of Liverpool. 

Seven living Bull Fro^s, presented by Prof. Hall, Albany, New York. 

The Skull of a female Gorilla killed in 'Ngove, West Coast of Africa ; 
presented by Mr. J. G. C. Harrison. 

A Bottle of Freshwater Sponges, Spoiiri'dla lacnstris, from the River 
Charles, near Wellesley, Mass., U.S.A., from Dr. Ephraim Cutter, of 
Boston ; presented by Mr. Thomas Higgin. 

A Sea Snake, ten and a half feet long, from Penaug Harbour; collected 
and presented by Mr. Alfred H. Highton. 

^ A Lobster covered with barnacles ; presented by Mr. F. Howlett, for 
the Aquarium. 

A Fossil Coral, from Andalucia, Illinois, and two Fossil Shells, from 
Buffalo, Scott Co., Iowa; presented by W. Hughes. 

A large specimen of the Logger-head Turtle, from the West Indies, 
and a Collared Peccary ; presented by Mr. George Hulse. 

A sample of Metallic Arsenic ; presented by Mr. F. Jackson. 

A large Trilobitc and a Septaria, from Newfoundland; presented by 
Messrs. Job, Brothers. 



13 

Specimens of Barnacles, Balanus, and masses of Eschara (Polyzoans 
allied to the Sea Mats), taken from the hull of the ship Portia in dry- 
dock, San Francisco, after a voyage thence, clean, to Manilla and back, 
February 1st to July 25th, 1878, and lying about six weeks in Manilla; 
presented by Captain Johnstone. 

A Slab of Pouka-Beck Stone, from Pouka Beck, near Ulverstone ; 
presented by Mr. J. Jones. 

Three Young Alligators ; presented by Captain Kennedy. 

A Common Adder, from Calvelly, Tarporley, Cheshire ; presented by 
Mr, Fraink H. Leah. 

]\Iounting of twelve Slides of Spicules of Gorgonice, supplied from the 
Argo Expedition ; prepared for the microscope by Mr. Alfred 
Leicester. 

The Skin, Skull, and Horns of a Wapiti Deer ; the Skin, Skull, and 
Horns of a Black-tailed Deer ; a pair of Prong-horn Antelope Skins, 
with Skull of Male ; and a Hairy Porcupine, from Wyoming ; expressly 
collected for the Museum and presented by Mr. St. George Littledale. 

A Snake Nut, presented by Mr. Joseph Mayer. 

The Cast Skin of an American Snake, presented by Miss Mayer. 

A large Boulder of Greenstone (Hornblendic Porphyry of Scotch 
Geological Surveyors), finely scored by glacial action, observed in the 
Boulder Clay in excavations for No. 3 Branch Steam Dock, Bootle, and 
reported by Mr. James Macintosh, F.G.S. ; presented by the Mersey 
Docks and Harbour Board. 

Two Siluroid Fishes, two Bass, a Pleuronectid and a Squid, pre- 
sented by Captain J. H. Mortimer, Associate of the Literary and Philo- 
sophical Society of Liverpool. 

Two specimens of Gneiss from Santos, South America (one with a 
vein of Quartz and Felspar, Orthoclase), and a Flying Squid, Oni/choteu- 
this, from the East Coast of North America ; presented by Mr. G. H. 
Morton, F.G.S. 

A Specimen of the Blind Crayfish, from the Mammoth Caves of 
Kentucky ; presented by Dr. J. B. Nevins. 

Two Specimens of Ptarmigan from the Grampian Hills ; presented by 
Mr. W. Nicol, per Rev. E. A. Pitcairn Campbell. 



14 

A series of Marine and other Specimens ; collected during the voyage 
of the Ennerdale frona Liverpool to Australia by Mr. C. E. Patterson, 
assisted by Dr. McAfee, and presented by Mr. C. E. Patterson. 

Two specimens of the Spotted Bower-Bird, Chlamydodera macidata, 
and a fine example of the Bower, from Banana, Walloon, Queensland, 
collected by Mrs. A. M. Frances and presented by Mrs. H. McK. Powell. 

A Polyzoon, Hornera, from Gavrilova, Arctic Coast of Russian 
Lapland; collected and presented by Mr. Edward Eae, F.R.G.S. 

A Snake, from Seville River, Spain ; presented by Mr. James Rushtou. 

The Skin of a Fox, Canis vnlpcs, from Norway ; presented by ^Mr. 
James Samuelson. 

A Bottle of Insects' larvce and jmpce of " Sugar Borers," from the 
West Indies ; the ,Skull and Bones of a Siluroid Fish, and the Skull and 
Bones of a small Dog-Fish Shark; presented by Messrs. Sandbach 
Tinne & Co. 

A young Shark, one of 43 taken alive from the mother Shark, 
October 7, 1877, by Captain James, Barque "Iron Crown;" presented 
by Mr. T. R. Shallcross. 

Specimens of Gorgonue and a Sponge from West Africa ; presented 
by Mr. J. S. Tyerman. 

An extensive collection of Marine specimens, consisting of Fish, Mol- 
lusca, Crustacea, Echinoderms, Zoophytes, Sponges, &c., collected be- 
tween Liverpool, Sydney, Tuticorin, and Rangoon, and presented by 
Captain W. H. Cawne Warren, Ship "Bedfordshire," Associate of the 
Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 

A Bald Coot, Fulica atra, shot at Llanerchymor, near Mostyn ; pre- 
sented by Mr. Henry Williams. 

Three Butterflies, Papilio podalirius, and three Moths, Synlomis 
X)hegea, from Creuznach, Rhenish Prussia; collected and presented 
by Mr. Maurice Wurzburger. 

PURCHASES. 
The principal purchases for the Museum have been as follows :— 
A Proboscis Monkey; two striped Hyfenas; a Dolphin, Delphinus 
delphis, stranded in the Mersey and the first recorded capture in the 
district; a Merian's Opossum and young; and seventeen other. 
Mammalia. 



15 

The skeleton of a Fljang Fox ; sections of lower jaw of Hippopotamus 
and of Skull of Horse, showing growth and development of the teeth. 

An important series of Bowers and Bower-Birds, which is believed to 
be unrivalled. They were purchased from Mr. Waller, of Sj-dney, by 
whom they were obtained during many years' residence in Australia. 
Of the Bower of the Regent Bird only one other example is known. 

The series is as follows : — 

The Bower of Ptilonorliynchus liolosericcus, or Satin Bower-Bird, 
obtained in the Sheebin Scrub, Brisbane Eiver ; and four Birds, one 
adult male, one female, and two males in change of plumage. 

The Bower of Chlamydodcra nuchalis, or Great Bower-Bird, Port 
Dciiison, Northern Queensland, and three Birds, two adult with nuchal 
plumes, and one without, probably female ; also bones and shells with 
Bower. 

The Bower of Chlamydodeni macidata, or Spotted Bower-Bird, three 
Birds, two adults with plumes and one without, obtained in the Myall 
Scrubs, near the borders of New South Wales and Queensland, and 
nearly two hundred miles inland from Brisbane ; also bones and shells 
with Bower. 

The Bower of Chlamydodera cerviniventrls, or Fawn-breasted Bower- 
Bird. This Bower, with pair of Birds, was collected at Port Moresby, 
New Guinea. This species also inhabits Cape York, North Australia. 

The Bower of Sevicidus melianus, or Regent Bird, obtained at the 
Eagle Farm Scrubs, about seven or eight miles from Brisbane, Queens- 
land. It has four birds with it, two adult males, one male half changed 
in plumage, and one adult female. 

A Wilson's Bird of Paradise, a pair of D'Albertis's Bird of Paradise, 
a D'Albertis's Crowned Pigeon and thirteen other Birds, and eight 
specimens for Osteological purposes. 

A Horned Viper, two Basilisks, and a large Amazonian Terrapin ; 
also two large Terrapins and a Turtle for Osteological specimens. 

A large Trout from Windermere. 

Specimens of sixty selected species of Shells. 

A Disarticulated Lobster and Scorpion. 

Forty specimens of selected Insects from New Guinea, Sumatra, &c. 



16 

Five specimens of beautiful and delicate roseate Corals, Allopora; a 
Madrepore ; two Corallines, and two Sponges, 

The Skull of a Horse from the Cambridge Peat Fens ; two teeth 
in situ, of lower Jaw of Mammoth ; a young specimen of Ichthyosaurus 
from the Lower Lias of Barrow-on-Soar ; the Carapace of a Turtle, 
showing upper and lower surfaces, from the Purbeck Oolite ; a series of 
Fish Teeth from the Carboniferous Limestone ; a slab of Corals, 
Thecosmilia annularis, from the Coralline Oolite ; and four other 
Fossils. 

EXCHANGES. 

The Skeleton of a male Hooded or Crested Seal, Stemmatoj^us 
cristatus, killed by Captain West, Steam Whaler " Raven swing ; " 
from the Committee of the Free Library, Museum, and Albert 
Institute, Dundee. 

The Skill, Skull, and Horns of a Eocky Mountain Sheep, Ovis 
montana, and two Skins and Skulls of the Coyote, Canis latrans, from 
Professor Ward, Rochester, New York. 

FREE LECTURES. 

The Fourteenth Winter Course of Free Lectures was delivered in the 
Lecture Hall of the Library in January, February, and March, 1879. 

Total number of persons who attended the 41 Lectures 14,906 

Average per Lecture 363 

List. 
"Books," by Mr. Councillor J. A. Picton, J.P., F.S.A., Chairman 

of the Library, Museum, and Art Committee. 
What is Science good for ? by the Rev. H. H. Higgins, M.A, 
Geological Results of the late British Arctic Expedition, under 

Captain Sir G. Nares, R.N., and their Bearing on the Geology 

and Glaciation of Britain, by Mr. C. E. De Ranee, F.G.S., of 

H.M. Geological Survey. 
John Milton, by the Rev. WilHam Graham. 
Levi Coffin, President of the " Underground Railway," by the Rev. 

A. M. Symington. 



17 

England to Rome, with a Rest at the Paris Exhibition, illustrated 
by Photographic Transparencies, by Mr. Councillor J. A. Forrest. 

A Day at the Court of Nimrod, by Mr. "VY. St. Chad Boscaweu. 

The Value of Literature to Young Men of Business, by Mr. Alder- 
man W. B. Forwood, J. P. 

Life as it Is and as it Shall Be, by the Rev. John Burbidge. 

Prison Characters and Pictures of Perverted Life, by the Rev. 
James Nugent. 

Disinfectants and their Action, by Mr. Edward Davies, F.C.S. 

The Abbeys and Conventual Cathedrals of England, vi^ith Photo- 
graphic Lantern Illustrations, by Mr. James Birchall. 

The Steady Man, by the Rev. Hugh Stowell Brown. 

The Poetry of Pre-Raphaelitism — Dante Gabriel Rossetti, by Mr. 
T. H. Hall Caiue, President of the Liverpool Notes and Queries 
Societ}'-. 

Popular Culture, by Mr. Baron L. Benas. 

Our Ironclad Navy, Present and Past, by Lieut. Francis Ingram 
Palmer, R.N., late of H.M.S. " Magdala." 

On Zoological Study and Classification (illustrated), by Mr. James 
Samuelson. 

A Key to Tennyson's " In Memoriam," by the Rev. Alfred Gatty, 
D.D. 

The Italian Renaissance — Painting, by Mr. Henry Clark. 

The House we Live in, by Mr. James T. Armstrong, F.C.S. 

The Poetry of Sir Walter Scott, by Mr. Alfred H. Cowie. 

Morality in English Fiction, by Mr. James Ashcroft Noble. 

On the Rules of Good Taste as regards Modern Dress of Men and 
Women, by Mr. Councillor P. H. Rathbone. 

Some account of our English Bible — illustrated by some early 
copies in the Free Public Library, by Mr. Peter Cowell, Chief 
Librarian. 

The Hand and Foot in Man and Animal, with illustrations, by Mr. 
T. J. Moore, Curator of the Museum. 



18 

Travelling in the Good Old Times — illustrated with diagrams, by 
the Rev. Samuel Pearson, M.A. 

Readings from Shakespeare, Poe, Scott, &c., by Mr. Alexander 
Tough. 

Geological Periods of the Earth's History, as iuterpieted by the 
the Fossil Remains of Gigantic Animals, by Mr. B. Waterhouse 
Hawkins, F.G.S. 

Smiles's Life of Thomas Dick, Baker, Botanist, and Geologist, by 
Mr. B. Herdman Grindley, 

English Speech and Common Errors in Pronunciation, by Mr. W. 
Relton. 

The Unity of the Physical Forces — Light, Heat, Electricity, 
Magnetism ; Sound, the Phonoscope, the Telephone, the Micro- 
phone, the Phonograph, &c., by Mr. C. H. Stearn. 

Boswell's Life of Johnson, by the Rev. Charles Beard. 

The Social Condition of the United Kingdom during the early part 
of the last Century, by Mr. W. H. Jones, J.P. 

Gleanings from the Natural History of the Ancients, by the Rev. 
William Houghton, M.A., F.L.S. 

Buddha and Buddhism — with illustrations, by Mr. Henry Duck- 
worth, J.P., F.R.G.S. 

Historical Poetry of Scotland, by Mr. Alexander Tough. 

The Vagaries and Follies of Fashion — illustrated by numerous 
sketches of Costume, ancient and modern, by Mr. Charles Dyall, 
Curator of the Walker Art Gallery. 

Heroines of Shakespeare, by Mr. E. R. Russell. 

Sleep and Dreams, by the Rev. T. A. Snow, M.A. 

Islands and People of Polynesia, by the Rev. S. J. Whitmee (late 
of Samoa), F.R.G.S., C.M.Z.S. 

A Study of the Lifetime of one of the Least and Lowliest Organisms 
in Nature — What we may learn from it ; with Oxy-hydrogen 
illustrations, by the Rev. W. H. Dallinger, V.P.R.M.S. 



19 

CAMBKIDGE UNIVERSITY LOCAL LECTURES AND 
EXAMINATIONS. 

A course of fourteen lectures on Political Economy, has been 
delivered by the Rev. W. Moore Ede, M.A., of St. John's College, 
Cambridge. 

To these 480 tickets for the course have been issued. 

These lectures were delivered in the Lecture Ilooni of the Library. 



Four experimental lectures, by Professor Roscoe, F.R.S., on the 
"Four so-called Elements of the Ancients," were delivered in the 
Concert Room, St. George's Hall, in the month of October, to crowded 
audiences. 

Admission to these lectures was by ticket free of charge. Dr. Roscoe 
having kindly given his services entirely gratuitously. 

In the month of November Dr. J. Campbell Brown delivered four 
experimental lectures, in the Concert Room, on the "Chemical Elements 
as now understood, or the Materials of which the Earth is Composed." 

The admission to these was by ticket without charge. The attendance 
was very good. 

Dr. Campbell Brown also placed his services at the disposal of the 
Committee gratuitously. 

The Liverpool School of Science has had the use of rooms as in former 
years, and the following courses of lectures are being delivered i j connec- 
tion with the Department of Science and Art, South Kensington. 

Practical Plane and Solid Geometry. By Mr. J. A. Briant. 

Machine Construction. Do. 

Building Construction. Do. 

General Biology. By Mr. G. W. Slatter. 

Animal Physiology. Do. 

Elementary Botany. Do. 

Examinations conducted under the management of the Universities of 
Oxford and Cambridge and of the Ci-sdl Service Commissioners have 
taken place as in former years. 

The following societies have also had the use of rooms : — The 
Amateur Photographic Society, the Liverpool Numismatic Society, and 
the Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society. 



20 

MAYER MUSEUM. 

A second edition of the Egyptian Catalogue, with a number of addi- 
tional woodcuts, and a description of the Assyi-ian and Babylonian 
antiquities, has been issued during the past year. 

The Egyptian antiquities, which are on the basement of the Mayer 
Museum, being at present exhibited in unsuitable cases and in too dark 
a position for careful examination, the Committee have set aside an 
annual amount for providing more convenient cases. 

The Mayer Collection, with the other antiquities, have now been 
grouped into a new Department called the " Mayer Museum," of which 
Mr. Gatty has been appointed Curator. 

During the early part of the year the Committee granted the loan of 
a large selection of Wedgwood-ware from the Mayer Collection for an 
exhibition at the Liverpool Art Club, which formed an important feature 
in that exhibition. 

DONATIONS. 

A Cabinet containing a series of red sealing-wax impressions from the 
Intaglios of Josiah Wedgwood ; a Plaster Cast of an Assyrian clay 
tablet in the British Museum, of the time of Assurbanipal, recording 
the sale of a field in the vicinity of Nineveh. The inscription gives the 
names of certain neighbouring properties, and a list of names of persons 
witnesses to this transaction. The seal of the owner is impressed on the 
tablet, the subject being Ishtobar holding a gazelle, size, 3j in. by If 
in. ; a Cast of an Assyrian black basalt Dedication Stone, the original of 
which was presented to the British Museum by Lord Aberdeen. The 
stone was found in the Temple of Nebo at Babylon, and is covered with 
cuneiform ^^Titiug, the inscriptions giving accounts of Oiferings and 
Restorations of the Temples effected by Esarhaddon, after his retirement 
from the throne, B.C. 670, size, 9 in. by ih in. ; a Rosewood Cabinet, 
fitted with drawers for Medallions ; a late Celtic Bronze Spoon, found 
in a Turbury in Ireland ; two Anglo-Saxon circular Gold Eibulfe, with 
raised decoration ; four silver Anglo-Saxon Tags, with ornamentation in 
shape of grotesque animals ; a protrait of Mr. Joseph Mayer by Daniels ; 
presented by Mr. Joseph Mayer, F.S.A. 

A collection of Greek, Roman, and modern European Coins and 
Medals, in gold, silver, and copper ; presented by Mr. Baron L. Benas. 



21 

Portrait Medallions of Sir Hans Sloane and Dr. Woodward, in fawn- 
coloured jasper-ware of Wedgwood and Bentley ; a Portrait Medallion 
of Klaproth, in red and black pottery, marked Wedgwood ; presented by 
Mr. W. Bateson. 

Four Coins from Cephalonia ; collected and presented by Captain Caleb 
Brown. 

A Quern from Annesley Bay ; presented by Captain Burns. 

Three Assegais from Durban, South Africa ; presented by Mr. Henry 
Cuming. 

A small Vase in Chelsea China, presented by Mr. M. I. Courtney. 

A specimen of Egyptian Mummy Cloth, embroidered, 13 inches long ; 
a Sepulchral Figure in blue porcelain ; a Coptic Bronze Cross ; a Porce- 
lain Stud for inlaying ; and a Terra Cotta Weight or Net Sinker ; 
presented by Piev. G. J. Chester. 

A Copper Coin, found in Ceylon, inscribed Spi Mat Sahasa Malla, 
A.D. 1205-1213 ; presented by Mr. H. P. Fry. 

An Afghan War Knife from Kurrum Valley; presented by Major 
Foord. 

A collection of 28 selected Carthagenian and Roman Coins, found at 
Cagliari, Sardinia ; presented by Mr. J. Hargreaves. 

A Tonda or Ivory Hairpin ; two Necklets ; a Belt of Beads for 
Women ; a Slave Whip of Hippopotamus hide ; a Chief's Stick of 
Ebony from Ashiras, West Africa ; four Spears used in hunting the 
Hippopotamus and Lamantin ; a Grass Mat ; a Fetish Stick from the 
Byaka Country, Mayumba, West Africa ; collected and presented by 
Mr. J. G. C. Harrison. 

A " Stone Axe " or Celt ; a " Skinning Stone " or Celt, and Arrow 
Heads from Iowa ; presented by Mr. W. Hughes. 

A Printed Catalogue of the Duke of Marlborough's collection of Gems, 
printed for private distribution ; presented by Mr. N. Story Maskelyne. 

Three fragments of Early English Pottery from Burslem ; two Covers 
for red ware teapots, with engine lathe decoration, and a fragment of a 
brown and yellow Slip Ware Dish ; presented by Mr. John Podmore. 

A third Brass Coin of Crispus, son of Constantino the Great, recently 
found in Neston Churchyard, Cheshire : presented by Mr'?. H. "McK, Powell. 



22 

A First Brass of Antonius Pius, found in a Roman Wall at Hoyton 
Bridge, Northumberland, 1877 ; presented by Mr. James Baffles. 

A Jug of Liverpool (?) Pottery, painted with flowers and bearing the 
inscription "John Baron, 1800," presented by Mr. H. B. Roberts. 

A red, blue and Green worsted Scarf, decorated with white beads. 
North American Indian work ; presented by Miss Snaith. 

Three small Terra Cotta Figures of Deities, with inscriptions, from 
the Palace of Yung-Ming- Yung, Pekiu ; presented by Mr. W. H. Tapp. 

A Third Brass Coin of Arcadius and one of Honorius ; presented by 
Mr. Henry Theakstone. 

A Stone Implement pierced with two holes, found at Ferguss in 
Ontario, and presented by Mr. Charles Tobin. 

A small Vase in red pottery, decorated with classical subjects in black 
outline, after the Ancient Greek Yases, and marked " Bishop's Wal- 
tham ; " a Pedestal of same ware, subjects in red on black ground ; and 
a piece of English Painted Pottery, representing Polito's Travelling 
Menagerie ; presented by Mr. Henry Willett. 

PURCHASES. 

Nine Liverpool printed Tiles (5 in black 4 in red) with subjects from 
^sop's Fables, and ether sources. 

A Cream Ware Jug, printed probably in Liverpool, with designs 
commemorating American Independence. 

Three specimens of Pottery, viz., a small glazed Terra Cotta Yase, 
with the Three Graces, and similar to Wedgwood Ware. 

A tea Canister in light coloured Staffordshire Pottery, green and 
yellow, with sword-shaped leaves, &c. 

A Sauce Boat in early English salt glazed pottery, green, with 
patterns of leaves. 

Eleven Persian or Rhodian Tiles, and one Rhodian Plate. 

A Bowl and three Jugs of printed cream-coloured Pottery, probably 
of Liverpool manufacture. 

A Dish of Italian Pottery ; Seven Egyptian Antiquities ; a Roman 
Bronze Stamp ; Two Birds, in Ivory, Italo Greek, from Capua ; and Two 
Silver Card Counters, temp, Chas. II. 



23 

Three Medallions in Wedgwood Ware, commemorative of the Wedg- 
wood Exhibition at the Liverpool Art Club. 

A large Amphora, from Cyprus. 

A selection of 39 Photographs of Views in Egypt, and of Assyrian 
and other Antiquities. 

The Model of a Man-of-War Kam (with glass case and stand). 

DEPOSITED. 
An Earthenware Capital of a Column from the Emperor's Palace, 
Yung-Ming-Yung, Peking ; by Mr. W. H. Tapp. 



24 



VISITORS. 

The Gallery has been open on 254 days during the year, and closed on 
32 days for cleaning and rearrangement of the permanent collection. 
551,138 persons have visited the Gallery during the year, being a daily 
average of 2,169. Of this number 72,093 paid for admission to the 
Autumn Exhibition of pictures, and 4,391 school children, specially 
invited to -visit the Exhibition, are also included in the gross total of 
visitors. 

Every effort has been made during the year to make the fullest display 
possible of the works of art belonging to the town, and with this view 
the beautiful series of facsimiles of works of sacred art known as the 
Arundel collection were specially framed and exhibited in illustration of 
the Florentine, Roman, and Flemish schools. To these were added a 
number of busts in marble and plaster of notable men which had hitherto 
been very imperfectly displayed in the Museum. 

The Committee have added to the ornamental appearance of the 
building by laying out the ground in the areas with plants and gravel 
walks, and flower boxes have been placed in the windows, the work having 
been most tastefully carried out by Mr. Richardson, of the Botanic 
Gardens, and it is believed that the public have expressed pleasure and 
satisfaction at these endeavours to add to the cheerful appearance of the 
town. 

The Committee, with a desire to assist in the promotion of a taste for 
art in other parts of the country, acceded to several requests for loans of 
paintings from the permanent collection, and the following were lent for 
limited periods : — 

To THE Nottingham Art Museum — 

"And When Did You Last See Your Father?" (Yeames.) 
"Julian the Apostate Presiding at a Conference of Sectarians.'" 
(Armitage.) 

To the Darwen Art Treasures' Exhibition — 

" A Nautical Argument." (Hemy.) " Snowdon, from Capel 
Curig." (Finnie.) " The Hunted Slaves." (Ansdell.) 



25 

The picture of "Eventide, a scene in the Westminster Union," by 
Mr. Herkomer, was exhibited (with the Committee's sanction) at the 
Paris Salon during the season. 

PROPOSED ENLARGEMENT OF THE BUILDING. 

The attention of the Council has been directed to the necessity of 
enlarging the accommodation by erecting additional galleries at the rear of 
the present building to afford suitable space for the permanent collection 
as well as for the Annual Exhibition of Pictures and for other purposes. 

The Council evinced their appreciation of the necessity for increased 
accommodation by passing a resolution empowering the Committee to 
obtain plans and estimates for the proposed extension, and this subject 
will occupy their earnest attention. 

During the mayoralty of Mr. T. B. Royden, the Gallery was used on 
several occasions for the purpose of entertaining various public bodies. 

On May 1st, a luncheon was given in one of the lower rooms by His 
Worship the Mayor, to the members of the Council and others invited 
to assist at the opening of the Steble Fountain. On July 24th a Con- 
versazione was given to the distinguished scientific delegates of the 
International Postal and Telegraph Convention. On Wednesday, 
September 24th, a similar entertainment was given by the Mayor to the 
members of the Iron and Steel Institute ; and on October 8th, the 
Gallery and the Picton Pleading Room and Museum were thrown open 
to the guests attending the Banquet given at St. George's Hall in 
honour of the Chairman of the Library, Museum, and Arts Committee. 

AUTUMN EXHIBITION. 

1879. 1878. 

Number of Pictures and other Works of Art 

exhibited 1,356 1,062 

Number of Pictures sold 263 238 

Amount realised by sales £9,059 17 £7,340 7 

Season Tickets 2,991 £566 7 6 2,7S4 528 14 6 

Admissions at one shilling 30,332 1,516 12 39,297 1,964 17 

Ditto sixpence 8,483 212 1 6 13,219 .3.30 9 6 

Ditto threepence 30,287 378 11 9 3.3,860 423 5 

Catalogues sold 504 9 3 562 8 (> 

Commission on sales 364 14 6 242 4 2 

Amount received exclusive of sales 3,178 2 .3,811 16 3 



26 

ADDITIONS TO THE PERMANENT COLLECTION. 

Purchased — 

Marble Bust, "Young Augustus," by John Gibson, R.A. 

Water Colour, " Formby Mill, Harvest Time," by W. L. Kerry. 

„ „ " Summer Time in the Highlands," by W. Small. 

Oil Paintings — 

" On the Evening of the Battle of Waterloo," by E. Crofts, A.R.A. 

* " The Old Man's Treasure," by Carl Gussow. 

" Woman and Child," by Sir Godfrey Kneller. 

Donations — 

Portrait of the late Thomas B. Horsfall, by Patten ; presented by 

J. Campbell, Esq. 
"The Struggle for Existence" (Oil), by Bouverie Goddard; 
presented by the Executors of the late Robert Carlyle. 

" Students of Salamanca " (Oil), by John Phillip, R.A. ; presented 
by Benson Rathbone, Esq. 

" Elijah in the Wilderness " (Oil), by Sir F, Leighton, P.R.A. ; 

presented by A. G. Kurtz, Esq. 
Two Vases (Terra CottaJ ; presented by Messrs. Doulton & Co. 

* This work was purchased with a portion of the sum of £1000, placed at the 
disposal of the Committee for the purchase of Works of Art, by Mr. 
J. A. Picton. 




TWENTY-EIGHTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 



WALKEE AET GALLEEY, 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL 



^ 



^^& ^ 




^i 



LIVERPOOL : 
PRIJSTED BY HENKY GREENWOOD, 32, CASTLE STREET. 



IS81. 






^j; 



TWENTY-EIGHTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OP THE 

FREE PDBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 



AND 



WALKER AET (ULLEEY, 



OF THE 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 




LIVERPOOL : 
PRINTED BY HENRY GREENWOOD, 32, CASTLE STREET. 

1881. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 



FOR THE YEARS 1880-31. 



Committee. 
JAMES ALLANSON PICTON, F.S.A., Chairman. 
Alderman EDWARD SAMUELSON, Deputy-Chairman. 
Alderman WILLIAM B. FORWOOD, Mayor. 

S. LEIGH GREGSON. 



ANTHONY BOAVER. 
CHARLES TRICKS BO WRING. 
STEWART HENRY BROWN. 
ANDREW COMMINS, LL.D., M.P 
WILLIAM CROS FIELD. 
WILLIAM CROSS. M D. 
GEORGE C. DOBELL. 
ROBERT GALLOWAY. 



Rev. H. H. HKiGINS, M.A. 
ROBERT D. HOLT. 
WILLIAM J. LUNT. 
JOSEPH MAYER, F.S.A. 
EDMUND K. MUSPRATT. 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE. 
Alderman Sir A. B. WALKER. 



OWEN H. WILLIAMS. 

Chief Librarian. 
PETER COWELL. 

Suh- Librarian. 
THOMAS FORMBY. 

Curator of the Museum. 
THOMAS J. MOORE. 

Curator of the Mayer Museum. 
CHARLES T. GATTY. 

Curator of tlie WalJcer Art Gallery. 
CHARLES DYALL. 



REPOET. 



The history of this institution has been one of continued progress from 
its commencement, nor has the last year fallen short in any department 
of its usefulness. 

The opening of the Picton Beading Room has fully answered the 
expectations entertained of its usefulness. The old Reading Room of 
the Brown Library, which formerly accommodated the whole of the 
readers, is now appropriated to light literature and periodicals, and 
continues to be as crowded as heretofore ; whilst the new Reading Room 
affords ample accommodation for the students of science, and literature 
of a higher class. 

The electric light has been adopted in the Picton Reading Room with 
advantage, avoiding the injurious effects, both to the books and readers, 
of the fumes from the consumption of gas. It is j)robable that this will 
be ultimately applied in other portions of the building. 

The Catalogue of the Reference Library was revised and condensed 
into one volume in the year 1870. Since that date three supplements 
have been printed. The inconvenience of having to search through 
such a number of volumes has decided the Committee to comprise all 
the works received since 1870 into a second volume, which will be about 
equal in size to the first, and will much facilitate the researches of 
readers. 

The new Lecture Room or Rotunda, under the Reading Room, is in 
course of completion, and will probably be opened in the course of the 
year. This will give the much-needed additional accommodation for 
the attendance at the Winter Courses of Lectures, which have increased 
in popularity to such an extent that, in many cases, the audiences have 
been far greater than the Lecture Room could hold, and in others 
advantage has been taken of the Concert Room at St. George's Hall. 
The particulars are given below. 

In the early part of the year an Exhibition of Pre-historic Antiquities 
and Ethnography was held under -the auspices of a local Committee. Of 
this exhibition a large portion consisted of the Pre-historic Antiquities of 



4 

the Mayer Museum and the Ethnographical Collections acquired from 
time to time by this Committee. 

The experiment was so successful that the Committee determined on " 
the erection of an annexe behind the Walker Art Gallery, which is now 
in progress, for the better display of the permanent collection of Ethno- 
graphical objects. 

The second part of the Catalogue of the Mayer Museum, including 
the Mediaeval Antiquities and the Mather Collection of Miniatures, is in 
the press and will shortly be issued. 

The Lending Libraries and the Museum call for no special remark 
except that their interest and usefulness, and the public appreciation, 
have been fully maintained. 

The Walker Art Gallery has received a considerable impulse during 
the year. Fifteen pictures have been added during the year by donation 
and purchase, besides other works of art. With one exception (1875) 
the amount of pictures sold during the exhibition (£11,753) has been 
greater than in any former year. 

On Sept. 3rd, 1880, the Statue of Sir A. B. Walker, executed in 
Marble by Mr. Warrington Wood, the expense of which was defrayed 
by a public subscription, was unveiled by the Mayor in the presence 
of Members of the Council and other leading citizens. 

The following are the statistics of the several departments : — • 

REFERENCE LIBRARY. 
Table I. — Showing the books issued during the year : — 

Classification. Volumes. Daily 

Average. 

Theology, Morals, &c 18,786 67 

Xatural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 16,942 60 

Natural History 6,601 24 

Science and the Arts 29,949 107 

History and Biography 24,311 87 

Topography and Antiquities 6,140 22 

Voyages and Travels 12,237 43 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, Maga- 
zines in volumes, &c. ) 138,733 494 

Jurisprudence, Law and Politics 4,800 17 

Commerce, Political Economy and Statistics 2,989 11 

Education and Language 7,073 25 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 13,732 49 

Prose Fiction 263,933 938 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 5,853 21 

Heraldry, Encyclopaedias and Works of Eeference 25,693 92 

Total 577,772 2,057 



Table IL — Showing the issue of Quarterly and Monthly Magazines : — 



DaUy 
Average. 



Classification. Magazines. 

Theology, Morals, &c 1,486 5 

Natural Philosophy, &c 590 2 

Natural History 501 2 

Science and the Arts 1,594 6 

Topography and Antiquities 532 2 

Voyages and Travels 371 2 

Miscellaueous Literature ^. . 59,535 211 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 167 — 

Education and Language 280 1 

Total 65,056 231 

Table III. — Showing the issue of Weekly Periodicals, &c. : — 

Classification. Periodicals. .„*„^. 

Average. 

Natural Philosophy, &c 2,516 9 

Natural History 2,594 10 

Science and the Arts 11,908 42 

Miscellaueous Literature (principally illustrated and literary 

periodicals) ; 195,273 693 

Law and Politics 721 3 

Commerce, Statistics, &c 963 3 

Total 213,975 760 

Total Patents for Inventions consulted, 13,913. Daily Average, 50. 
Recapitulation of Totals. 

Volumes of Books This Year 577,772 Last Year 516,527 

Quarterly and Monthly Magazines . . ,, 65,056 „ 50,693 

Weekly Periodicals „ 213,975 „ 223,667 

Patents Consulted ,, 13,913 „ 17,158 

Grand Total 870,716 808,045 

Besides the constant and unrestricted use of about two hundred volumes 
of Dictionaries and other works of reference, of which no statistics are 
taken. 

Table IV. — Showing the number and classification of wofks added 
during the year : — 



Classification. 



Volumes Total No. in 

Added, the Library. 

Theology, Morals, &c 200 5,760 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 62 1,690 

Natural History 157 4,038 

Science and the Arts 297 8,601 

History and Biography . . 241 9,643 

Topography and Antiquities 160 3,568 

Voyaues and Travels 149 4, 198 

MisceUaneous Literature (principally collected Works, Maga- 
zines, &c.) 729 15,414 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 206 6,015 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 57 835 

Education and Language 67 1,207 

Poetry aud Dramatic Literature 28 3,171 

Prose Fiction 73 5, 355 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations , 40 632 

Heraldry, Encyclopaedias, aud Works of Reference 109 2,279 



Total 2,575 72,406 



The following is the list of Magazines and Periodicals illustrating 
Tables II. and III. :— 



Quarterly. 

Annales des Sciences Naturelles 

Anthropological Journal 

Archffiologia Oambrensis 

Archasological Journal 

British and Foreign Evangelical Review 

British Quarterly Review 

Calcutta Review 

Church Quarterly Review 

Dublin Review 

Edinburgh Review 

Grevillea 

Ibis 

Journal de Conchyliologie 

Journal fur Ornithologie 

Journal of Anatomy 

Journal of the British Arcliseological 

Association 
Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society 
Journal of the Society of Antiquaries 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
London Quarterly Review 
Mind 

Modern Review 
Navy List 
Numismatic Chronicle and Journal 

Popular Science Review 

Quarterly Journal of the Geological 
Society 

Quarterly Journal of Microscopical 
Science 

Quarterly Review 

Revue Celtique 

Revue et Magasin de Zoologie 

Stray Feathers 

Sunday Review 

Traethodydd 

Westminster Review 

Zeitschrift fiir Deutsche Philologie 

Zeitschrift flir Ethnologic 

Monthly. 

All the Year Round 

American Naturalist 

Annals and Magazine of Natural History 

Antiquary 

Argosy 

Army List 

Art Journal 

Atlantic Monthly 

Band of Hope Review 

Banker's Magazine 

Belgravia 

Bibiiotheque Universelle 

Biograph 

Blackwood's Magazine 

British Temperance Advocate 

Cassell's Magazine 

Catholic Presbyterian 

ChambBrs's Journal 



Monthly — Continued. 

China Review 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

Clergyman's Magazine 

Congregationalist 

Contemporary Review 

Continental Railway Guide 

Cope's Tobacco Plant 

Cornhill Magazine 

Daheini 

Day of Days 

Day of Rest 

Dietetic Reformer 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Educational Guide 

Educational Times 

Englishwoman's Review 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Florist and Pomologist 

Fortnightly Review 

Fraser's Magazine 

Gazette des Beaux Arts 

Gartenlaube 

Gentleman's Magazine 

Geological Magazine 

Good Words 

Hand and Heart 

Home Words 

Homceopathic World 

Indian Antiquary 

Intellectual Repository 

International Review 

Inventors' Record 

Irish Temper»nce Record 

Journal of Conchology 

Journal of the Chemical Society 

Journal of Horticulture 

Journal of Science 

Leisure Hour 

Livre, Le 

Local Gleanings 

Local Trade Guide 

Library Journal 

London Society 

Macmillan's Magazine 

Magazine of Art 

Mineralogical Magazine 

Month 

Monthly Microscopical Journal 

Musical Times 

Nautical Magazine 

Nineteenth Century 

North American Review 

Orchestra 

Petermann's Mittheilungen, &c. 

Phonographic Reporter 

Portfolio 

Printer's Register 



Monthly — Continued, 

Printing Times 

Quiver 

Railway Guide 

Revue Archdologique 

Revue Britannique 

Revue Chretienne 

Royal Oeograpliical Society's Journal 

Science Gossip 

Scribner's Monthly 

Shorthand Magazine 

Spelling Reformer 

Stage 

Sunday at Home 

Sunday Magazine 

Temple Bar 

Theatre 

Tiusley's Magazine 

Truthseeker 

United Service Journal 

University Magazine 

Women's Suffrage Journal 

Yachting Magazine 

Zoologist 

Fortnightly. 
British and Colonial Printer and Stationer 
Gazette des Architectes 
Revue des Deux Mondes 
Unsere Zeit 

Weekly. 

Academy 

Alliance News 

Anti-Vivisectionist 

Architect 

Athenaium 

Argus 

Brewers' Guardian 

British Architect 

Broad Arrow 

Builder 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 

Building News 

Cambridge University Reporter 

Chemical News 

Ohronique des Arts 

Civilian 

Colonies 

Comptes Rendus 



Weekly — Continued. 

Constructeur, Le 

Draper 

Economist 

Engineer 

Engineering 

English Mechanic 

Era 

Estates Gazette 

Examiner 

Field 

Fun 

Gardeners' Chronicle 

Graphic 

Illustrated London News 

Iron 

Jewish Chronicle 

Journal of Gaslighting, &c. 

Journal of the Society of Arts 

Judy 

Lancet 

Land and Water 

Lantern 

Law Times 

League Journal 

Liberal Review 

Local Government Chronicle 

London Gazette 

Mining Journal 

Nature 

Naval and Military Gazette 

Notes and Queries 

Oxford University Reporter 

Pharmaceutical Journal 

Pictorial World 

Porcupine 

Public Opinion 

Punch 

Railway Journal 

Saturday Review 

Scientific American 

.Spectator 

Sydney Mail 

Temperance Record 

Truth 

Universal Engineer 

Volunteer Service Gazette 

Vanity Fair 
Weekly Notes 
World 



8 



DONORS AND DONATIONS. 



The following donations have been received during the year 



AuDSLEY, Gr. A. (the Author): — Notes on 
Japanese Art. 

Baltimore, D. S. A., City Corporation : — 
Mayor's Message and Reports of the 
City Officers, 1878, 2 vols. 

Barbado's Colonial Secretaey : — Bar- 
bado's Blue Book, 1878. 

Bath, The Marquis or (the Author) : — 
Observations on Bulgarian Affairs. 

Beard, Eev. Charles, B.A. : — Monro, 
his Expedition with the Worthy Scots 
Regiment, 1637. 

Beckett, T. W. Naylor : — Hall's Flora 
of Liverpool ; Dickinson's Flora of 
Liverpool. 

Bell, H. T. N. (the Author) :— The Keep- 
ing of the Vow. 

BiRDwooD, G. C. M. (the Author) : — The 
Industrial Arts of India. 

Birkenhead Literary and Scientific 
Society :— Report, 1879-80. 

Birkenhead Town Council : — Report on 
the Police Establishment. 

Birmingham Lirrary: — Centenary, 1779- 
1879. 

Birmingham Philosophical Society: — 
Pioceedings, vol. 1. 

Boston, U. S. A., City Corporation: — 
Auditor's Annual Reports, 2 vols. 

Bosto.v, U. S. a., Public Lirkary :— 
Bulletins. 

Bowes, J. L. (the Author): — Statistics 
relating to Wool and Sheep Skins, 1877- 
79 ; The Sheep Rot. 

British Association : — Report of the JlQth 
Meeting, Sheffield. 

British Museum Trustees : — Catalugue 
of Oriental Coins, Vols. 4 and 5 ; 
Catalogue of Early Prints, Pt. 1; New 
Species of Hymenoptera; Facsimiles of 
Ancient Charters, Pt. 4 ; Illustrations of 
Coloeptera, Pt. 1 ; Typical Specimens of 
Lepidoptera Heterocera, Pis. 3 and 4. 

Brown, J. Camprell,D.Sc. (the Author): — 
Classification of the Chemical Elements. 

Caine, T. H. Hall (the Author) : — Politics 
and Art ; The Supernatural Element in 
PoetrJ^ 

Cambridge University Press Syndi- 
cate : — Cambridge Local Lectures 
Calendar, 187o-80. 

Canadian Government: — Patent Office 
Record, 1879-80. 

Castellain, Alfred, J. P. : — Journal of 
the Royal Agricultural Society, vol. 1.5, 
pt. 2, and vol. 10 ; Liverpool Philhar- 
monic Concerts, Programmes, 1843-0. 

Central Park Menagerie, New York : — 
Report of the Director. 

Chesson, F. W. ;— Ocean Telegraphy. 



Chicago Public Library : — Finding Lists 

Chludow, E. (of Moscow), per Rev. A. 
WisHAW:--The Bible, Sclavonic Version. 

CoBDEN Club: — English Landand English 
Landlords, by Brodrick ; Financial Re- 
form Almanac, 1880 ; Free Trade and 
English Commerce, by Mongredien ; 
Western Farmer in America, by Mon- 
gredien. 

Cock, Davld (the Author) : — Treatise on 
China Clay. 

Cook, M. : — Late Troubles in England, 
1681 ; The Kaleidoscope. 

Cornwall Polytechnic Society: — 47th 
Annual Report. 

CowELL, P. (the Librarian): — Funeral 
Records of Liverpool Celebrities. 

Donaldson, James. (the Author) : — Draw- 
ing, &c. for Marine Engineers. 

Douglas, John (the Author) : — Abbey 
Square Sketch Book, vol. 2. 

Drkwry, Thomas : — The Society of 
Friends in the 19th Century, by W. 
Hodgson, 2 vols. 

DuNKix, Edward (the Author): — Obituary 
Notices of Astronomers. 

Ellacombe, Rev. H. N. (the Author) : — 
Plant Lore, &c. of Shakespere. 

Eyre and Spottiswoode, Messrs. (the 
Publishers): — The Bible, with varions 
Renderings and Readings. 

Fisher, J. fl. (the Author) : — Future of 
the Human Race. 

FoRSTER, S. S., Blind College, Wor- 
cester : — 16 vols, of Embossed Books 
for the Blind. 

Garxett, Alexander : — Legends and 
Myths of Guiana, by W. H. Brett. 

Gatty, C. T., F.S.A. (the Compiler):— 
Catalogue of Engraved Gems in the 
Collection of Joseph Mayer, F.S A. 

Geddes, D., Librarian, Blackburn Free 
Library : — AUwedd Newydd, 2 copies. 

GiBBS, I. E. (the Author) : — Essays on 
Biblical Subjects 

Gibson, J. Harris (the Author) : — British 
War Medals. 

Gladstone, Professor J. H., F.R.S. (the 
Author) : — Spelling Reform. 

Gordon, R. (the Author) : — Report on the 
Irrawaddy River, pts. 1-4. 

Grandy, '£. Richard : — The British 
Volunteer, by Major Walter. 

Green, S. S., Librart.\n, Worcester 
(Mass.) Public Library (the Author): — 
Sensational Fiction in Public Libraries. 

Gurden, Richard L. (the Author) : — 
Traverse Tables. 

Guthrie, Malcolm (the Author) : — 
Spencer's Fonuula of Evolution. 



DONORS AND DO'S A.TIO'^S- (Continued.) 



Hall, H. T. (the Author) : — Shakspere's 
Pla\ 8. 

Hanson, George, Lihuarian, Rochdale 
FuEE LiBRAKY : — Bibliography of Koch- 
dale, hy Lieut. -Col. Fishwiclc. 

Harrison, W. A. (the Author) :— Manual 
of Physiography. 

Hakvaru College, Cambridge, U.S.A. : — 
Bulletins and Memoirs, 1879-80; Annual 
Report of the Curator, 1878-79. 

Henderson', A. Leslie : — Lightning Con- 
ductors, by Richard Anderson. 

HiuBERT, James (the Editor) : — Material- 
istic Philosophy. 

HiGGiNs, Rev. H. H., M.A. : — Nomencla- 
tor Eutomologicus. 

Historic Societv of Lancashire and 
Cheshire: — Transactions, 3rd series, 
vol. 7 

Hodges, Foster, and Figgis, Messrs. (the 
Publishers) : — Dublin University Calen- 
dar, 1880. 

Holder, Thomas, J. P. : — The Porcupine, 
17 vols. 

Hollingsworth, Mrs. : — New Testament, 
Grammar, and other Works in Chinese. 

Howard Association: — Report, 1880; 
Countj" and Borough Prisons. 

Huggins, y.^MUEL (the Author) : — Decora- 
tions of St. Paul's Cathtdral ; The Proper 
Treatment of Ancient Edifices. (Un- 
published MSS). 

Hunter, Kobert : — Six Essays on the 
Preservation of Commons, bj' various 
Authors ; Preservation of Commons, by 
Robert Hunter. 

India, The Secretary of State for : — 
Sacred Books of the East, 8 vols. 

Institute of Civil Engineers : — Minutes 
of Proceedings, vols. 58-62; Charter, &c. 
of the Institute. 

Institution of Mechanical Engineers : — 
Proceedings, 1879-HO. 

Jones, Morris C. (the Author) : — Feudal 
Barons of Powys. 

Lenis- ard, G. B. : —Memoir of the Rt. Hon. 
R. B. Sheridan, by John Watkiiis. 

Lewin, Walter : — Papers for the Times. 

Library Reports from the following 
Libraries : — Aston ; Boston, U. S. A. ; 
Brighton; Cambridge; Cardifl'; Chester; 
Chicago, U.S.A. ; Derby; Exeter; Gtr- 
mantown Friends, U.S.A. ; Glasgow ; 
Hereford; Leeds; Leicester; Manchester; 
Newport; Newton, Mass., U.S.A. ; Nor- 
wich; Nottingham; Plymouth; Koch- 
dale; St. Louis Public School, U.S.A.; 
Salford; San Francisco Mercantile, 
U.S.A.; Southport ; Stockport; Swan- 
sea; Victoria; Walsall; Wedncsbury ; 
West Bromwich; Westminster; Wolver- 
hampton ; Worcester, Mass., U.S A. 

Liverpool Architectural Society : — 
Proceedings, 1879-80. 



Liverpool Art Club : — Catalogue of 
Exhibition of Water Colour Drawings. 

Liverpool Geological Society : — Pro- 
ceedings, 1879-80. 

Liverpool Incorporated Law Society : 
— Catalogue of the Library. 

Liverpool Library (Lyceum): — Annual 
Supplemental Catalogue. 

LiVEKPOOL Literary and Philosophical 
Society : — Proceedings, vol. 32. 

Liverpool Natukalists' Field Club ; — 
Proceedings, 1879-80. 

Liverpool Numismatic Society : — Journal, 
vol. 2, pt. 1. 

Liverpool Philomathic Society :— Pro- 
ceedings, 1879 80. 

Liverpool Polytechnic Society : — Jour- 
nal, 1877-78, 2 vols. 

Liverpool School Board : — Proceedings, 
1877-79, 2 Vols. ; Suggestions to Mana- 
gers of IPublic Elementary Schools. 

LocKHART, E. — Liverpool Election Squibs, 
1761. 

London Corporation : — Catalogue of the 
Guildhall Library, 1.5th suppt. 

McGovekn, J. B. :— (the Translator), 
Giaziella, by Lamartine. 

McQuiE, P. B. : — Excavations at Edge 
Hill, by James fetouehouse (unpub- 
lished MS.) 

Manchester Free Public Library : — 
Catalogue of the Rochdale Road Branch 
Lending Library. 

Manchester Geological Society : — 
Transactions, 14 pts. 

Manchester Kuskin Society : — Ist Re- 



port. 



-Pro- 



Manchester Statistical Society : 
ceedings and Suadry Reports. 

Manchester Woman's Suffrage Society: 
— 13th Annual Report. 

Marrat, F. p. (the Author) ; — Varieties 
of the Shells belonging to the Genus 
Nassa. 

Mason, Thomas (the Author) :— Free 
Libraries of Scotland. 

MuLLiKs, J. D., Librarian, Birmingham 
Free Libraries : — Consolations of Uni- 
tarianism ; The Great Design of Chris- 
tianity, by W. E. Channing. 

MuNiciP.iL and Sanitary Engineers, &c.. 
Association : — Proceedings, vols. 4 & 5. 

Nash, Edwin (the Author) : — Lecture on 
Pre-.^damite London. 

New York State Museum of Natural 
History: — Natural History of New 
York : Paleontology, 2 vols. ; 28th- 
31st Annual Reports. 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne Free Library : — 
Catalogue of Lending Library ; Cata- 
logue of Juvenile Dopartuient. 

New Sooth Walks (Jolonial Govern 
ment — Financial Statement of tlie 
Treasurer, 1879. 



10 



DONOKS AND DONATIONS- (C'u«<irt«ed) 



Newton, A. V. (the Author) : — Patent 
Law and Practice. 

Owen, Key. W. (the Author) : — Sketches 
of Lago Maggiore, &c. 

Paris, JIdnicipality of : — Bulletin de 
Statistique Muiiicipale, 18T8-T9. 

Paton, Allan P. (the Editor) : — The 
Hamnet Shakspere, vol. 1. 

Peabody Institute, U.S.A.: — Annual 
Reports. 

Penzance Public Library :— Catalogue 
of the Halliwell Compartment. 

Philadelphia Academy op Natural 
Sciences : — Proceedings, 1879. 

Pickering, Mrs. C. : — Chronological His- 
tory of Plants, by Dr. C. Pickering. 

Pitman, Isaac : — Phonetic Journal, 1879 ; 
Hints on Lecturing, by H. Pitman ; A 
Plea for Spelling Euform. 

Potts, H. J. (the Author) :— Notes on 
Shakespeare's Plays. 

Preston, Edward (the Author) : — Un- 
claimed Money. 

Preston Free Library; — Catalogue of 
the Lending Department. 

QuARiTcn, Bernard : — General Catalogue 
of Books, 1880. 

Eagged School Union, London : — Publi- 
cations, 31 vols. 

Rathboxe, P. XL, J. P. :— Poems by D. 
M. Gill. 

Rawlinson, Robert, C.B. : — Correspon- 
dence relative to St. George's Hall, 
Liverpool, by H. Lonsdale Elmes and 
others ; (unpublished iVlS.) 

RiiADE, T. Mellako (the Author) .• — Notes 
on the Scenery and (ieology of Ireland ; 
Problem for Irish Geologists ; Oceans 
and Continents. 

Rogers, I!ev. Charles, LL D. (the Au- 
thor) : — The Serpent's Track. 

Royal Astronomical Society : — I^Iemoiis, 
a vols. ; Monthly Notices, 1879-80. 

Royal Colonial Institute ; — Proceed- 
ings, vol. 11. 

Royal Dublin Society: — Transactions 
and Proceedings. New Series, 1879-80. 

Royal Institute op British Architects : 
— Transactions, 1878-80 ; Proceedings, 
]879-8ii. 

Royal Society op London : — Philosophi- 
cal Transactions, vol. 171. 

RoYDS, Arthur : — Views of Ancient 
Buildings in Halifax, by Le.vland ; His- 
tory of Oswestry, by Cathrall. 

St. Louis Public School Library. — Bul- 
letins. 

Salfoed Free Library and Mdseum .• — 
Memorial Statues, &c., in Peel Park, 
Salford, by John Ilant, F.G.S. 

Samuelson, .James: — Historical Sketch of 
Salem, Mass., by Osgood and Batchel- 
der ; History nf the Art of Stenography, 
by Upham ; Fifth Half-Ceutury of the 



Landing of John Endicott at Salem ; 
Photographs and Facsimilies of Docu- 
ments connected with Trials, &c., for 
Witchcraft ; Natural History of Mon- 
tana, and nine other Pamphlets, by 
John A. Allen; Bulletins, &c., of the 
Essex Institute, Salem, Mass. 

Seyd, Ernest (the Author) : — Decline of 
Prosperity. 

SiiARPE, William, M.D. (the .\uthor) : — 
The Cause of Colour among Races. 

Sheffield Free Library : — Catalogue, vj 
vols. 

Shipley, Rev. Orby (the Author) : — 
Truthfulness and Ritualism, 2nd Series. 

Shropshire Arch-eological, &c., So- 
ciety: — Roman Shropshire, by W. T. 
Watkin. 

Smith, Mrs. (the Author) : — Yida : Study 
of a Girl, by Amy Dunsmuir, 2 vols. 

Smithsonian Institution, U.i.A. : — .Mis- 
cellaneous Collections, vols. 16 and 17 ; 
Contributions to Knowledge, vol. 22 ; 
Annual Reports, 1878-79. 

Smyth, Nathaniel : — Liverpool Licensing 
Bill ; Map showing Public Houses in 
Liverpool. 

Society op Antiquaries of London :— 
Proceedings, 1878-79. 

Society op Antiquaries of Scotland :^ 
Proceedings, vol. 12, pt. 2, and vol. 13. 

South .\ustralian Institute: — Addresses 
delivered at Foundation Stone Laying ; 
Catalogue of the Library and Supple- 
ment ; Annual Reports, 1860-80. 

Spawton, E. W. (the Author): — Night- 
winds, and other Poems. 

Spon, Messrs. F. and N (the Publishers) : 
Engineers', &c., Illustrated Book of 
Prices, 1880. 

Stockport Free Library :— 1st Supple- 
mental Catalogue, Leudieg Depart- 
ment. 

Stolterfoht, J. N. : — DiodoriSiculi Bibli. 
Hist. Lib. XV., 1578; Perry's Map of 
Liverpool, 1769. 

Sutton, C. W., Librarian, Manchester 
Free Libraries : — Report on Education 
in Liverpool. 

Thomas, Ralph : — Few Words on Swim- 
ming, by R. Harrington ; How the 
Parish of Debach borrowed ^£400. 

TiSNE, J. A., J.P. : — Illustrated London 
News, vols. 74 and 75. 

TiREBUCK,WiLLiAM(the Author):— William 
Daniels, Artist. 

TiiEVELYAN, Sir Charles (the Author) : — 
The Irish Crisis. 

United States Government, through 
various Departments : — Astronomical 
Obsei-vations at U.S. Naval Observatory, 
3 vols. ; Subject Index to the Publica- 
tions of the U.S. Naval Observatory ; 
Hall's Second Expedition ; Report ou 



11 



DONORS AND DO'S ATJO'Si^-tContlnued.) 



Henry Mountains; U.S. Coast Survey, 
1874 and 1S76 ; and 204 vols, and 234 
paniphlet.s, huing various other Govern- 
ment I'ublications. 

Vachkr, F. : —Smallpox in Birkenhead, 
1877, and others. 

VicTOKtA, Agunt General for : — Statisti- 
cal Hegister of Victoria, pts. 1-4 ; Geo- 

, logical Survey of Victoria, Report of 
Progress, vols. 5 and 6 ; Victorian Year 
Book, 1877-9, 2 vols. 

Victoria, Rkgistrar General for : — 
Victoria Patents and Patentees, vol 10. 

Victoria, Royal Society of: — Transac- 
tions, vols. 15 and 16. 

AValch, Messrs. J. and Soss (the Pub- 
lishers): — Walch's Tasmanian Almanac, 
1880. 

Wales, University College of: — Calen- 
dar, 1879-80. 



Watekhodse, Henry: — St. .John's Am- 
bulance Association Report, 1880. 

Watherston, E. J., F.S.S. (the Author):— 
A Few Words on Gems, &c.; Is Legisla- 
tion necessary to the relief of Indian 
Finance? Our Railways; Taxation of 
Gold and Silver Plate. 

Wic;.\N Free Library : — Catalogue of 
Works on Mining, by H. T. Folkard. 

Woman's Suffrage, National Society 
FOR : — Annual Report, 1880. 

Weight, W. H. K. (the Author) :— Illus- 
trated Handbook to Plymouth, &c. 

/jOological Society of London : — Trans- 
actions, 1879-80; Proceedings, 1879-80; 
List of Vertebrated Animals in the 
Gardens of the Society, 7th Edit, and 
1st Suppt., 1879 ; Catalogue of the 
Library. 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, &c., have been presented 



regularly by the Publishers : — 

Alliance News 

American Settler 

Anglo-American Times 

Anti-Vivisectionist 

Brewers' Guardian 

British Temperance Advocate 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

< 'hurch Missionary .Juvenile Instructor 

' lergyman's Magazine 

t olouies 

' ongregationalist 

• 'ope's Tobacco Plant 

Hay of Days 

1 'ietetic Reformer 

Draper 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Educational Guide 

Englishwoman's Review 

Estates Gazette 

Examiner 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Hand and Heart 

Home Words 



Homceopathic World 

Intellectual Repository 

Inventor's Record 

Irish Temperance Banner 

Journal of the Statistical Society 

League Journal 

Liverpool Albion 

, , Argus 

,, Courier 

,, Echo 

,, Express 

,, Lantern 

,, Liberal Review 
Mail 

, , Mercury 

,, Porcupine 
Post 
Local Trade Guide 
Naval and Military Gazette 
Spelling Reformer 
Stage Directory 
Sunday Review 
Sydney Mail 
Temperance Record 
Woman's Suti'rage Journal 



Table I. 



12 

LENDING LIBRARIES. 

-General Statistics : — 



Volumes lent 

Tickets issued to New Readers 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Total readers on the books . . 
Books lost or injured, and paid for 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — replaced. . 
Volumes worn out — withdrawn 

New volumes added 

Total No. of vols, in the Libraries 



•North I South 
Library. Library. 



215,052 

2,646 

2,34.6 

2,487 

4,965 

35 

i 

664 

289 

686 

21,338 



221,3631436,415 



2641 
2,344 I 
2,452 I 
5,049 I 
31 I 

710' 

322 i 

594 I 

21,9471 



5,287 

4,690 

4,939 

10,014 

66 

4 

1,374 

611 

1,180 

43,285 



North 
Library. 



South 
Library. 



214,467 

2,514 

2,319 

2.568 

4,806 

27 

5 

824 

464 

457 

21,041 



209,104 

2,610 

2,284 

2,486 

4,860 

36 

10 

879 

290 

412 

21,675 



Total. 

4-.23,57l 

5,024 

4,603 

5,054 

9,666 

63 

15 

1,703 

754 

869 

42,716 



* This Library was closed from July 12th to 26th for Stocktaking, &c. 

Table II. — Classification of Volumes Lent and Added : — 



Volumes Lent 



Volumes Added. 



Theoloery, Moral Philosophy, &c 
Nat. Philosophy and Mathematicsi 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts ; 

History and Biography i 

Topography and Antiquities .... 
Geography, Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce and Political Economyj 
Education, Languages, Logic, &c.| 

Poetry and the Drama ! 

Prose Fiction ' 

Latin and Greek Classics . . . 
Books for the Blind 



North 
Library. 

4,515 

3,692 

2,347 

8,509 

10,876 

1,235 

6,102 

13,232 

454 

711 

2,22-2 

1,807 

159,024 

281 

45 



South 
Library. 



Total. 



Total 215,052 221,363 ' 436,415 



3,664 
3,293 
2,607 I 
9,000 
11,405 I 
1,376; 
5,679 I 
13,314 1 

486 ! 

8111 
2,371 
1,691 1 
164,883 

368 

365 



8,179 

6,985 

4,954 

*17,509 

22,331 

2,611 

11,781 

26,546 

940 I 

1,622 I 

4,593 

3,498 

323,907 

649 

410 



North 
Library. 

22 
13 
21 
40 
73 

8 
35 
95 

5 
12 



15 
233 



686 



South 
Librarj'. 

23 
15 
20 
54 
74 

6 
27 
93 

3 

9 

2 

13 

225 

6 
24 



694 



Total. 

45 

23 

41 

94 
147 

14 

62 

188 

8 

21 
5 

28 

458 

6 

35 



1180 



Of this number 5,588 were vols, of vocal and instrumental music. 



MUSE U M . 

The Visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows : — 

ISSO. 1S79. 

213 Days. 219 Days. Decrease. Increase. 

Total Visitors in the year 415, 122 416, 156 1,034 

Weekly average 7,983 7,852 131 

Daily average 1,948 1,900 48 

The 18th of October, 1880, was the 19th f.nniversary of the opening 
of the Museum in the present building. 

The total number of visitors during that time amounted to 8,249,420, 
giving a yearly average of 434,180. 



13 

DONATIONS. 

A Shell, Mytilus smaragdinus, from Borneo ; presented by Mr. 
Frank Archer. 

The Skull of a Dugong, from Singapore ; presented by Staff Surgeon 
Samuel Archer. 

A Snake, from Parana ; presented by Dr. Ascher. 
Nest of a Tree Wasp, from Heysham ; presented by Mr. Alderman 
Bennett. 

The Distorted Vertebrae of a Codfish ; presented by Mr. E. Bidwell. 

A Longicorn Beetle, Lamia tricincta, brought alive from Calcutta ; 
and a Black-headed Tragopau Pheasant ; presented by Mr. F. S. 
Bocquet. 

The Cast Skin of a large Snake, from Fyzabad ; presented by the 
Rev. Thomas Carmichael. 

A Skull of the Broad-nosed Bony Gar-pike, Lepidosteus ; presented 
by Mr. H. Cope, in exchange. 

A specimen of Malachite ; presented by Mrs. Copleston. 

A female Sparrow Hawk, shot at Irby ; presented by Mr. Muir Dowie. 

The Egg of an Emu ; presented by Mrs. Francis. 

A fine specimen (measuring 11 feet from tip to tip of claws) of the 
Giant Crab, Macrochcira Kacmpferi, of De Haan, from the Japanese 
Seas ; obtained expressly for the Museum, and presented by Mr. James 
C. Eraser. 

A Flamingo, Vhaniicopterus, from Tunis, and a King Penguin, Apte- 
nodytes Pcnnantii, from Australia ; presented by Mr. Benjamin B, 
Gardner. 

A specimen of rigid freshwater Sponge, from South America ; collected 
and presented by Dr. J. P. Garland. 

Five specimens of AustrMian and Tasmauian Polyzoa of the Genus 
Amathia, mounted for the microscope ; presented by Miss Gatty, in 
exchange. 

A remarkable specimen of freshwater Sponge, Spongilla fluvintilis, 
nearly 20 inches in length, from Rainhill ; collected and presented by 
Messrs. Charles and Francis Horace Longuet Higgius. 



14 

A Bottle of small Squids, from the Bay of Bengal ; collected and pre- 
sented by Mr. Alfred H. Highton. 

A Loggerhead Turtle ; presented by Mr. George Hulse. 

A Bonelli's Eagle and ten other Birds, from Palestine ; a Soemmering "s 
Pheasant, a Martin, and a Weasel, from Japan ; collected and presented 
by Mr. H. Heywood Jones. 

Four Hawk's-bill Turtles ; presented by Mr. Joyce. 

Five specimens of a Bird's Wing Butterfly ( Ornithoptera aruanaj 
from New Guinea ; presented by the Eev. W. G. Lawes ; also, by the 
same Donor, a specimen of Echidna Lawesi, a Monotreme Mammal, 
lately discovered by him in New Guinea, the genus having previously 
only been known to exist in Australia and Tasmania. 

Two fossil Shells, Nautilus plants and Ammonite : presented by Mr. 
L. Lees. 

Two specimens of Graining, from the River Alt ; presented by the 
Liverpool Angling Association. 

Two Eggs of the Black-throated Diver, Colymhus arcticus, from Loch 
Awe ; presented by Mr. A. S. Lowndes. 

A Black Eat, Mus rattus, ex screw steamer " Lady Francis,"' Captain 
Henry Dew, January, 1880, original stock from Rangoon, Burmah {vide 
" Nature," vol. xix., p. 460) ; presented by Mr. Robert Morton Middle- 
ton, Jun. 

Specimens of young Pike for the Aquaria ; presented by Mr. B. H. 
Molyneux. 

Six specimens of Cat Fish, Pimelodus, from New York, for the 
Aquaria; presented by Capt. J. H. Mortimer, ship " Hamilton Fish," 
Associate of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 

A Northern Stone Crab, Lithodes maia ; presented by Messrs. Pratt 
and Elhs. 

Four small Fossil Shells, Orthis, from the Wren's Nest, Dudley ; col- 
lected and presented by the Rev. W. Prestoi^, M.A. 

A Saw Fish, Pristis, from the Red Sea ; presented by Mr. D. Rae. 

A sample of Sonorous Sand, from the Bay of Laig, Island of Eigg, 
N.B. ; collected and presented by Mr. Edward Rae. 



15 

Two fine Mincralogical specimens bronght from Freiburg, Saxony, 
■ST?:. : — Crystals of Sulphate of Baryta on Quartz and Fluor Spar ; and 
a Pseudomorph of Iron PjTitcs after Calcite on Arsenical Pyrites ; pre- 
sented by Mr. E. P. Ptathbone. 

Specimens of small Shells, chiefly Cyprcea, from South Africa ; pre- 
sented by Mr. Samuel Kinder. 

The Cast of a Shell of the Genus Cardium, Upper Tertiary ; taken 
from a piece of ordinary stone at Bari, Italy, and presented by Mr, 
James Samuelson. 

A specimen of Trigonia navis, and eight specimens of four other 
fossil Shells from the Lias and Trias of Westphalia ; presented by Dr. 
Schnitger, Detmold, in exchange. 

Three sj)ecimens of Fenestella ^)?('/>e?fl, McCoy, and one of Fencstella 
nodulosa, PhilL, from the Carboniferous Limestoue of Halkin Mountain : 
named and presented by Mr. George W. Shrubsole, F.G.S. 

Two specimens of Anodon cygiicns, from Lake Bratish, a freshwater 
Lake near Galatz ; specimens of Pipe Fish, Syngnatlms, found on the 
patent-log, oif Algiers, also Corals and Shells ; collected and presented 
by Capt. C, A. Sibthorpe, Associate of the Literary and Philosophical 
Society of Liverpool. 

A collection of Horns, &c,, chiefly from South Africa, including 
Horns of Rhinoceros Keitloa, and of another species of Ehiuoceros ; 
also Horns of the Cape Bufi'alo, Gemsbok, Koodoo, Springbok, kc. ; 
presented by the Bev. R. Wardlaw Thompson. 

The Skull and principal Bones of a Male Gorilla, from Sette Camn)a ; 
presented by Mr. C. J. Townsend. 

A young Seal from the Flannan Islands, and a hundred and twenty 
specimens of British Birds ; presented by Mr. T. West. 

A collection of North American Fishes ; and a collection of Marine 
invertebrates from the New England Coast ; named and classified ; 
presented, in exchange, by the United States Fish Commission, per 
Professor Spencer F. Baird, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 
and U. S. Fish Commissioner. 

A Common Ringed Snake, Xatrix torquata, taken near Wigan ; pre- 
sented bv Mr. A. Wilkie. 



16 

PUKCHASES. 

The principal purchases for the Museum have been as follows : — 

A Pluto Monkey ; four Yarkes, adult and young, fi-om Ecuador ; a 
female Aoudad or Wild Sheep ; a female Ibex and kid, from Crete ; two 
Flying Opossums and a discus, from New Guinea. 

Three Birds of Paradise {PnracUsca Racigiana, male and female, and 
Paradisea atra, female); a rare Pigeon {Otidiphaps nohilis, Gould) ; two 
D'Albertis's Crowned Pigeon and ten other Birds, from New Guinea ; a 
Case of Rufifs {Machetes piignax); and specimens of Cariama, Frigate 
Birds, Darters, and other Birds for Osteological purposes. 

Skeletons of a Rattlesnake and of 16 species of Fish. 

A series of Nests and Wood Cells formed by Ants and Bees, chiefly 
exotic, from the private collection of the late Frederick Smith, F.L.S., 
of the British Museum ; four boxes of Galls, together with the Insects 
by which they were formed ; from the same collection. 

A series of original Dissections of Insects of the Orders Uynicnoptera, 
Lepidoptera, and Diptera, made by the late John Curtis, F.L.S., for his 
great work on British Entomology. 

A collection of about 100 species of Cirrhipeds. 

A collection of Shells of the Genus Nassa, purchased from Mr. F. P. 
Marrat, comprising more than 1,000 varieties recorded by him in his 
paper on this Genus in the Proceedings of the Literary and Philosophi- 
cal Society of Liverpool for 1879-80. 

Specimens of Fusus Berniciensis, Dentalium vernedei, Limneria 
caspica, and 63 other specimens of Shells. 

A specimen of Cestiun veneris, or Venus's Girdle, and 17 other 
Zoophytes, in spirit, from Dr. Dohrn's Marine Zoological Station at 
Naples. 

Specimens of Stylaster gracilis, from the South Seas, and two other 
Corals. 

A large expanded specimen of Toilet Sponge, from Greece. 

A Section of the Femur of Iguanodon, and 27 sections of Coal-plants 
for the Microscope. 

24 specimens of 12 species of Eadiolitcs; 9 sections of Fossil Sponges 
(Choanites) ; an Ammonites Lewesiensis; and a femur of a fossil Reptile 
(Pliosaurus). 



17 
Casts of Skulls and Jaws of Diprotodon aastralis, Toxodon anrjusti- 
dens, Rhinoceros tichorhinus, Belodon kapfii, and of other fossil 
remains. 

FKEE LECTURES. 
The Fifteenth Winter Course of Free Lectures was delivered in the 
Lecture Hall of the Library in January, February, and March, 1880. 

Total number of persons attending the 39 Lectures .16,344 

419 
Average per Lecture 

List. 
The History of the English Coinage, with illustrations by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light, by Mr. Councillor J. A. Picton, J.P., F.S.A., 
Chairman of the Library, Museum, and Art Committee. 
The Lowest Forms of Life, by the Rev. H. H. Higgins, M.A. 
Birds and Flying Animals, by Dr. J. Birkbeck Nevins. 
The Writings of Charles Dickens, by Mr. J. Ashcroft Noble. 
Westminster Abbey, by the Rev. Samuel Pearson, M.A. 
A Journey through Moab in 1872, illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 

Light, by Mr. R. C. Johnson. 
The Rise and Progress of the British Press, by the Rev. H. T 

Howat, M.A. 
Chemical Action in Earth Sculpture, with chemical experiments (two 

lectures), by Mr. Norman Tate. 
Glaciers, their formation, motion, and their work in Nature, with 
illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen Light, by the Rev. T. A. 
Snow, M.A. 
Song and its Lifluence; and Musical Declamation, with vocal illus- 
trations; (two lectures), by Mr. J. Veaco. 
Six Years in the Celestial Empire, by Dr. George Shearer. 
Humorous and Dramatic Recitals, from English and American 

Authors, by Mr. William Bennett. 
Horns of Beasts, Birds, Reptiles, and Fishes, their Growth and 

Structure, by Mr. Thomas J. Moore. 
Readitgs from Shakespere, &c., by Mr. Frederick Kempster, M.A. 
Thrift j;. Thriftlessness, by the Rev. J. Henry Skewes. 



18 

Navigation and Nautical Astronomy; and Winds and "Weather ; (two 

lectures), by Mr. J. Gill. 
"Wedgwood and his Works, by Mr. C. T. Gatty. 
Readings from Shakespere, &c., by Mr. Alexander Tough. ■ 

An Evening with some Eare and Valuable Books from the Free 

Library, by Mr. Peter Cowell. 
Life in New Guinea, being Notes of a Three-years' Residence, by the 

Rev. W. G. Lawes. 
Giants of the Ancient World, illustrated by freehand drawing 

while lecturing, by Mr. B. Waterhouse Hawkins, F.G.S. 
Men who have got on, and the Lessons they teach, by the Rev. John 

Burbidge. 
A Ramble in Rome, with Dissolving Views, by Mr. B. L. Bcnas. 
How Party Government began in England, by Mr. James 

Birchall. 
The Men Liverpool has honoured with Statues, by Mr. B. Herdman 

Grindley. 
The Zulu War, Photographically illustrated, by Mr. Councillor J. 

A. Forrest. 
Dress and Cookery, the Fine Arts of Daily Life, by Mr. Councillor 

P. H. Rathbone. 

Reading and the Choice of Books, by the Rev. C. Beard. 

Idiosyncracies, by Mr. Charles Dyall. 

Recollections of Jerusalem, illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, 
by Mr. Henry Duckw^orth, J.l*. 

William Cobbett, by Mr. E. R. Russell. 

Phases of Old and New World Civilisation, by Mr. James 
Samuelson. 

The Weather and what affects it ; and Weather Charts and Storm 
Warnings ; (two lectures), by the Rev. John Gerard, S.J. 

Are there other inhabited Worlds besides our own ? The Eviderce 
of Current Science. Illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. By 
the Rev. W. H. Dallinger. 



19 

CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY LOCAL LECTURES AND 
EXAMINATIONS. 

A Course of twelve lectures on English Prose Literature, from Hooker 
to Addison (1600-1720), has heen delivered by the Rev. Alfred Caldecott, 
B.A, Camb., M.A. Lond., Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. 

To these 650 tickets for the course have been issued. 

Four experimental lectures on the " Chemical Elements of the Present 
Day, or the Materials of which the Earth is Composed," were delivered 
in the Small Concert-Room, St. George's Hall, by Dr. J. Campbell 
Brown, in continuation of his course last year on the same subject. 

The admission to these was by tickets without charge. The at- 
tendance was very good. 

Two lectures on Natural History subjects (" Spider Life" and '' Jelly 
Fishes") were delivered in the same Room, by the Rev. J. G. Wood, 
M.A., F.L.S. 

Three lectures on the " Curiosities of Criticism, 1800-1825," were 
.delivered in the Lecture Hall, Free Library, during the month of 
November, by Mr. T. H. Hall Caine. 



The Liveqjool School of Science has had the use of rooms as in former 
years, and the following Courses of Lectures are being delivered in connec- 
tion -with the Department of Science and Art, South Kensington : — 

Solid Geometry. By Mr. A. J. Briant. 
Machine Construction. Do. 

Building Construction. Do. 

Agriculture. By Mr. C. F. Cooper. 

Shorthand. By Mr. R. F. Finlay, in connection with the Society 
of Arts, London. 

Examinations conducted under the management of the Universities of 
Oxford and Cambridge, and of the Civil Service Commissioners, have 
taken place as in former years. 

The following Societies have also had the use of rooms : — The 
Amateur Photographic Society, the Liverpool Numismatic Society, the 
Student's Geological Society, and the Lancashire and 'Cheshire Ento- 
mological Society. 



20 
MAYER MUSEUM. 

DONATIONS. 

A collection of Weapons, &c., from Zululand, South Africa ; collected 
and presented by Mr. J. M. Jones. 

Chinese Sword; presented by Mr. Highton. 

Six Greek Vases found at Athens, and a Eoman Lamp found near 
Salonica; presented by Captain C. A. Sibthorpe. 

African Dress ; presented by Mr. J. H. Gibson. 

A collection of Miniature Stoneware objects ; made and presented by 
Messrs. J. Bourne and Sons, Denby Pottery, near Derby. 

Bason and Cup and Saucer, of marked Newhall Pottery ; presented 
by Dr. Lyon, of Hartford, U.S. 

Pannier, from Holy Land; Rain Cloak, from China; Sieve, from 
Holy Land ; Knout, from Piussia ; Wooden Female Fetish Figure, from 
West Africa ; Cachelot tooth carved ; Cast of a Drift Implement (the 
largest known), found at Shrub Hill (the original in the British 
^Museum) ; Cast of a Drift Implement found in Babylonia (the original 
in the British Museum) ; thirty- nine Flint Implements from S. Acheul, 
Amiens ; two Flint Cores and four Flakes, from Pressigny : presented 
by Mr. A. W. Franks, British ^Museum. 

Five speciment of Fiji Pottery ; presented by his Excellency Sir 
Arthur Gordon, Governor of Fiji (through Mr. Franks). 

A Roll of White Tapa and a Tapa Printing-plate, from Fiji ; pre- 
sented by Mr. James Brant (through Mr. Franks). 

Carved Elephant's Tusk, from Loango, West Africa ; presented by 
Mr. R. D. Darbishu-e. 

Scale for weighing Powder, taken at the capture of Fort Ali Musjid, 
and presented by Mr. G. Brown. 

Carved Wooden Box and two Forks, made by the natives of Buma, 
River Congo, West Africa, also a photograph of the natives of Boma ; 
presented by Mr. W. S. Stephen. 

Twenty Bone Fish Spear Heads, from Patagonia ; presented by Mr. 
F. Buckner. 



21 

A Plaited Grass-work Basket, containing spindle sticks with whorls 
attached, and specimens of Cotton, Slings, &c., also a large piece of 
Woven Material, two Bags and Nets, from Ancona, in Peru ; presented 
by Captain A. Mackay. 

Two Fetish Figures, from the West Coast of Africa ; presented by 
Mr. R. D. Darbishire. 

A collection of Ethnographical Specimens, from West Africa ; pre- 
sented by Mr. Townsend. 

Statuette of Voltaire ; presented by Messrs. Wedgwood. 

Ethnographical Specimens, from South America ; presented by Mr. 
R. Thornley. 

Twenty-six German Playing Cards ; presented by Mr. Alderman 
Samuelson. 

Seven Assignates of the French Revolution (1792) ; presented by Mr 
P. H. Rathbone. 

South African Ethnographical Specimens ; presented by the Rev. 
Wardlaw Thompson. 

Bowl of Painted Pottery, made by the natives of Guiana, and a 
Wooden Figure taken out from a considerable depth in the guano on the 
Macabi Islands, Peru ; preseiited by Mr. A. W. Franks. 

Whip of Manatee Hide, from West (^oast of Africa ; presented by Mr. 
R. B. N. Walker. 

Impression from a Seal of Rivington Grammar School ; presented by 
Mr. P. H. Rathbone. 

Three Stone Implements, from Ballintoj^, near Belfast ; presented by 
Mr. F. Archer. 

Bronze Medal of John Philip Kemble ; presented by Mr. Wood. 
Pair of Spectacles ; presented by Mrs. Heath. 

A collection of Esquimaux and South American Ethnographical 
objects ; presented by Mr. Clements R. Markham, F.R.S., C.B. 

Twenty-four Flint Implements, from Cissbury, and fourteen Frag- 
ments cf Bones ; presented by Mr. Ballard. 

An Indian Stone Axe, found at Lunenberg, Pennsylvania ; presented 
by Mr. S. D. Jennison, Wilmington, Delaware, U.S. 

An Ancient British Stone Font, from the Island of Lewis ; presented 
by Mr. T. West. 



PUECHASES. 

An Early English Plate, rudely painted with a portrait of King 
Edward VI. 

Three specimens of Modern Japanese Enamel. 

Seal, found at Hoylake. 

Four Figures carved out of the roots of trees, from Foochow, China. 

Silver Filigree Bird, from South America. 

Bamboo Flute. 

Two Plaited Bags and a Necklace of sperm whale teeth, from the Fiji 
Islands. 

Australian Shield, Club, and two Wooden Axes, from the Pacific 
Islands. 

Portrait of Guy Green, also his Paper Knife. 

Parchment Deed. 

Battersea Enamel Candlestick. 

A Collection of Zulu Objects, &c. 

Persian Wooden Spoon. 

Full-length Figure of a Kingsmill Islander ; Wooden Four-headed 
Deity ; and a Wooden Mask, from West Africa. 

Woods's Natural History of Man. 

A Collection of Ethnographical Specimens, collected during the expo- 
pedition of H.M.S. " Challenger." 

Collection of Ethnographical Specimens, from New Guinea ; collected 
by the Eev. W. G. Lawes. 

Old English Halberd and Seal. 

Two examples of Printed Cream Ware. 

Specimen of Slip Ware, dated 1776. 

Two Plaster Figures of Bosjesmans. 

Slip Ware IMoney-Box and a Wax Agnus Dei. 

Four Bronze Medals and a Brass Object. 

Photographs of Ethnographical Objects. 

Wedgwood Pink and White Candlestick. 

Specimens of Japanese Cloth and the Bark from which the cloth is 
made. 

Blue and White Vase ; Mourning Hing ; and uncertain object in 
glass, mounted in silver. 



Three Japanese Ivory Nutskies ; Necklace . of plaited human hair, 
from Polynesia. 

A selection of Cream Ware Medallions, from Messrs. Wedgwood. 

Four Medals of celebrated persons, from which Wedgwood took his 
portraits. 

Nineteen Tiles, two Jugs, three Plates, and four Bowls, printed with 
Sadler's Transfers. 

Several portions of one or more Antique Marble Sarcophagi, and a 
small Sarcophagus of probably recent Italian work, formerly in the 
Hooton Hall Collection. 

Six Figures of Crown Derby China representing the Muses. 

Chinese Sword; and a collection of Ethnographical Specimens. 

Chinese Ivory Tray. 



M 



WALKER ART GALLERY. 



Since the date of the last report the Gallery has been open on 260 
days and closed for 53 days for cleaning and the re-arrangement of the 
permanent pictures in the upper rooms. 

610,779 persons have visited the gallery during the j^ear, being a 
daily average of 2,349. Of this number 77,830 attended the Autumn 
Exhibition, and 6,820 school children, invited by the Committee, are 
included in the gross total. 

Since the opening of the Art Gallery, permission to copy the works 
in the Permanent Collection has been granted to upwards of fifty 
Students, and on Fridays, the day set apart for the purpose, there has 
been an average attendance of fourteen. 



AUTUMN EXHIBITION OF PICTURES. 

1880. 1879. 
Number of Pictures and other Works of 

Art exbibited 1,081 1,356 

Number of Pictures sold 271 267 

Amount realised ))y sales £11,753 7 6 £9,159 15 

Season Tickets 2,672 499 16 2,991 566 7 6 

Admissions at one shilling 28,991 1,449 11 30,332 1,516 12 

Ditto sixpence 10,969 274 4 6 8,483 212 1 6 

Ditto threepence 35,198 439 19 6 30,287 378 11 9 

Catalogues sold . : 509 7 3 504 9 3 

Commission on sales 544 3 3 364 16 

Amount received exclusive of sales 3,172 18 3 3,178 2 

The Autumn Exhibition has now completed the first decade of its 
existence, and the Committee are gratified with the success that has 
attended their efforts in this direction. 

The following table will be read with interest by all concerned in the 
culture of Art : — 



26 





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26 

ADDITIONS TO THE PERMANENT COLLECTION. 

PUECHASEB — 

Casts in Plaster — "David," "Apollo," "Perseus," "Hebe," 
"Diana," "The Laocoon," and busts of "Juno" and 
"Hercules." 

A Japanese Study from Nature — Birds and Palm Leaves carved in 
ivory, tinted in natural colours and inlaid iu wood. 

Etchings (for the use of Students) — 

Three Volumes of Etchings, after Rembrandt, and Dalziels' Bible 
Gallery — a collection of Engravings by eminent modern artists, 
illustrating Bible History. 

Oil Paintings — 

" One of the Family," by F. G. Cotman. 

" The Village Lawyer," by Cai-1 Schloesser. 

" Down in the Reeds by the River," by Frank Walton. 

" Blanchisseuses," by Miss Alice Havers. 

" Moorland, Barmouth," by Albert Hartland. 

" Sunday Morning," by J. Campbell Noble. 

" The Ante-Chamber at Whitehall during the Last Moments of 

Charles H.", by E. M. Ward, R.A. 
" A Marine View," by R. Serres. 
" A Village Festival," by John Molenaer. 

The following were also purchased with the balance of the Picton 
Fund :— 

" Faithful," by C. E. Perugini. 

" Footprints of War," by F. W. Lawson. 

" Weal and Woe," by Charles Gregory. 

" Table d'Hote at a Dogs' Home," by J. C Dollman. 

WORKS PRESENTED. 
Oil— 

" Flower Sellers," by Gustave Dore ; presented by Henry Thompson, 
Jun., Esq. 

Water Colour — 

" The Port of Shields," by C. Napier Hemy ; presented by Jamcg 
Harrison, Esq. 

Four Bas-reliefs (terra cotta), illustrating incidents in the life of 
the late Lord Derby ; presented by Sir Thomas Edwards-Moss. 



27 



Oil— 



" Fireworks at the Castle of St. Angelo, Rome, on Easter 
Monday;" presented by Robert Neilson, Esq. 

Burmese carved Screen ; presented by Henry Thompson, Jun., Esq. 
Six Magnifying Glasses, for inspecting pictures ; presented by 
Messrs. Lewis and Brereton. 



::iD 
15 JUL 1898 




\ 



-^J^-^: 



:^^^ 



TWENTY-NINTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



FREE P 



OF THE 

TP 
.jiu 



LIBRARY, 



MUSEUM 



WALKER ART GALLERY 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 




LIVERPOOL : 



J) I'KIN'IKI) HV'HKNRY OREKXWOOD, :{_>, CASTLE STREET. tU 

I ^ if!: S 



TWENTY-NINTH 



ANNUAL HE PORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OP THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



MUSEUM, 



AND 



WALKEE AET GALLEEY 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 





LIVERPOOL : 
PRINTED BY HENRY GREENWOOD, 32, CASTLE STREET. 

1882. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 



FOR THE YEARS 1881-82. 



Committee. 

Sir JAMES ALL ANSON PICTON, F.S.A., Chairman. 

Alderman EDWARD SAMUELSON, Depfty-Chairman. 

JOHN HUGHES, Mayor. 



ANTHONY BO^YER. 

CHARLES TRICKS BOWRING. 

STEWART HENRY BRO\VN. 

ANDREW COMMINS, LL.D , M.P. 

ROBERT GALLOWAY'. 

S. LEIGH GREGSON. 

ROBERT HAMILTON. 

Rev. H. H. HIGGINS, M.A. 



ROBERT D. HOLT. 
WILLIAM J. LUNT. 
CHARLES McARDLE. 
JOSEPH MAYER, F.S.A. 
EDMUND K. MUSPRATT. 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE. 
THOMAS E. STEPHENS. 
WILLIAISI J. STEWART. 



>N Sir a. B. WALKER. 

' Librarian. 
COWELL. 

AS FORMBY. 

urator of the Museum. 
THOMAS J. MOORE, 

Curator of the Mayer Museum. 
CHARLES T. GATTY. 



Curator of tlie Walker Art Gallery. 
CHARLES DYALL. 



REPORT. 

— ♦ — 

The Committee have pleasure in reporting that the several departments 
continue in a state of efficiency, and are fully appreciated by the public. 

The statistics given below afford the information necessary to under- 
stand the working of the Institution and its results. 

Several circumstances of interest have occurred during the year. 

The New Rotunda Lecture Hall was opened on the 4th January. The 
result has exceeded the most sanguine anticipations. The Hall is 
calculated to contain 1,100 persons all comfortably seated, but on many 
occasions this number has been far exceeded ; on several evenings nearly 
2,000 have been packed within the area. The Hall has given general 
satisfaction, and promises to add materially to the usefulness of the 
Institution. 

Plans have been prepared for the extension of the Walker Art Gallery, 
giving the additional space necessary to avoid the removal and replacing 
of the permanent Gallery pictures annually, during the exhibition. The 
cost of the new building will be about J12,000, towards which a grant 
of ^6,000 has been made from the Corporate funds. 

It will be seen from the notice below that the recent Exhibition has, 
with one exception to a trifling extent, been the most successful ever 
held. 

The second volume of the Catalogue of the Reference Library has 
been issued, containing 703 pages, including all the works received 
during the ten years from 1871 to 1880. This has already been 
appreciated as a great boon to students. The work has been very care- 
fully prepared by Mr. Cowell, the Chief Librarian, and his assistants, 
and contains a large fund of information besides the list of books. 

The Annexe to the Walker Art Gallery mentioned in the Report for 
1881, for the reception of the Ethnographical Collection, has been opened, 
and forms a very interesting department. The building will have to be 
removed to allow the erection of the new portion of the Art Gallery, 
but ample provision for the collection will be made in the new building. 

The facilities given by the extensive range of buildings for public 
demonstrations have been availed of during the year. On Friday, July 



4 

2nd, ttie Committee invited the members of the Wesleyan Conference 
then assembled in the City to a Conversazione, when about 400 were 
present, including the Eev. Dr. Osborne, the President of the Conference, 
the Mayor and Members of the City Council. 

On Thursday, November 3rd, the Mayor (Mr. W. B. Forwood) with 
Mrs. Forwood, held a reception in the Gallery, on which occasion about 
800 persons were present, including the principal local Artists and 
many of the leading citizens. 

The most important event connected with the Arts in this Institution 
during the year has been the purchase of the picture by Mr. Dante 
Kossetti, entitled *' Dante's Dream." The picture has attracted great 
attention, and will add to the celebrity of the Gallery, which already 
contains many works of a very high class. 

In the intervals between the exhibitions it has been usual to open to 
public view any private collections which might be available. During 
the past year about 200 drawings by Mr. Barker, of Trefriw, and Mr. 
Charles Green, of Loudon, were so exhibited, and more recently a 
similar collection of the works of the late Henry Dawson have been on 
view. 

The Lecture Season has been attended with great success. The 
particulars will be found below. 

The following are the Statistics and other information in the several 
departments : — 

REFERENCE LIBRARY. 

Table 1. — Showing the books issued during the year : — 

Classification. Volumes. A^trige 

Theology, Morals, &c 18,072 64 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 17,308 62 

Natural History 6,499 23 

Science and the Arts 28,581 102 

History and Biography 22,574 81 

Topography and Antiquities 6,244 22 

Voyages and Travels 1 1,754 43 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, Maga- 
zines in Volumes, &c.) 113,348 407 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 3,924 14 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 2,725 10 

Education and Language 6,000 22 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 12,916 46 

Prose Fiction 231,834 832 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 4,214 15 

Heraldry, Encyclopeedias, and Works of Reference 26,645 96 

Total 512,638 1,839 



Table II. — Showing the issues of Quarterly and Monthly Magazines :- 

Classification. Magazines. J^ "^ 

Theology, Morals, &c 1,317 4 

Natural Philosopliy, &c 442 2 

Natural History 468 2 

Science and the Arts 1,366 5 

Topography and Antiquities 460 2 

Voyages and Travels 278 1 

Miscellaneous Literature 59,503 213 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 427 2 

Education and Language 528 2 

Total 64,789 233 

Table III. — Showing the issue of Weekly Periodicals, &c. : — 

Classification. Periodicals. . ^^7 

Average. 

Natural Philosophy, &c 3,249 12 

Natural History 2,832 10 

Science and the Arts 12,661 45 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally illustrated and literary 

Periodicals) 216,151 776 

Law and Politics 726 3 

Commerce, Statistics, &c 1,349 5 



Total 236,968 851 

Total Patents for Inventions consulted, 14,130. Daily Average, 51. 
Kecapitulation of Totals. 

Volumes of Books This Year 512, 638 Last Year 577, 772 

Quarterly and Monthly Magazines . . ,, 64,789 ,, 65,056 

Weekly Periodicals 236,968 ,, 213,975 

Patents Consulted „ 14,130 „ 13,913 

Grand Total 828,525 870,716 

Besides the constant and unrestricted use of ahout two hundred volumes 
of Dictionaries and other works of reference, of which no statistics are 
taken. 

Table IV. — Showing the number and classification of works added 
during the year : — 

Classification. X°il?"i^' Total No. In 

Aaded. the Library. 

Theology, Morals, &c 220 5,980 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 50 1,740 

Natural History 129 4,167 

Science and the Arts 204 8,805 

History and Biography 179 9,920 

Topography and Antiquities 114 3,682 

Voyages and Travels 114 4,312 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, Maga- 
zines, &c.) 725 16,139 

Jurisprudence, Lav?, and Politics 282 6, 297 

Commerce, Political Economy, &c 52 887 

Education and Language 41 1,248 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 107 3, 278 

Prose Fiction 34 5,343 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 43 675 

Heraldry, Encyclopaedias, and Works of Reference 78 2,357 

Total 2,372 74,830 



The following is the list of Magazines and Periodicals illustrating 
Tables U. and HI. :— 



QCAETERLY. 

Annales des Sciences Naturellea 

Anthropological Journal 

Archseologia Cambrensis 

Archfeological Journal 

British and Foreign Evangelical Review 

British Quarterly Review 

Calcutta Re^•ie■w 

Church Quarterly Review 

Dublin Review 

Edinburgh Review 

Grevillea 

Ibis 

Journal de Conchyliologie 

Journal ftlr Omithologie 

Journal of Anatomy 

Journal of the British Archaeological 

Association 
Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society 
Journal of the Society of Antiquaries 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
London Quarterly Review 
Mind 

Modem Review 
Navy List 

Numismatic Chronicle and Journal 
Popular Science Review 
Quarterly Journal of the Geological 

Society 
Quarterly Journal of Microscopical 

Science 
Quarterly Review 
Revue Celtique 
Revue et Magasin de Zoologie 
Stray Feathers 
Sunday Review 
Traethodydd 
Westminster Review 
Zeitschrift ftir Deutsche Philologie 
Zeitsclirift fiir Ethnologie 

MOXTBLT. 

All the Year Round 

American Naturalist 

Annals and Magazine of Natural History 

Antiquary 

Argosy 

Army List 

Art Journal 

Atlantic Monthly 

Band of Hope Review 

Banker's Magazine 

Belgravia 

BibUothfeque Universelle 

Biograph 

Blackwood's Magazine 

British Temperance Advocate 

Cambridge Examiner 

Cassell's Magazine 

Catholic Presbyterian 



Century Magazine 

Chambers's Journal 

China Review 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary JuvenUe Instructor 

Clergyman's Magazine 

Congregationalist 

Contemporary Review 

Comhill Magazine 

Daheim 

Day of Days 

Day of Rest 

Dietetic Reformer 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Educational Guide 

Educational Times 

Englishwoman's Review 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Florist and Pomologiat 

Fortnightly Review 

Eraser's Magazine 

Gazette Archeologique 

Gazette des Beaux-Arts 

Gartenlaube 

Gentleman's Magazine 

Geological Magazine 

Good Words 

Hand and Heart 

Harper's Magazine 

Home Words 

Homoeopathic World 

Indian Antiquary 

Intellectual Repository 

International Review 

Inventors' Record 

Irish Temperance Banner 

Journal of Conchology 

Journal of the Chemical Society 

Journal of Horticulture 

Journal of Science 

Leisure Hour 

Library Journal 

Idvre, Le 

London Society 

MacmUlan's Magazine 

Magazine of Art 

Mineralogical Magazine 

Month 

Musical Times 

Nautical Magazine 

Nineteenth Century 

North American Review 

Orchestra 

Palatine Note Book 

Petermann's Mittheilungen 

Portfolio 

Printer's Register 

Printing Times 

Quiver 



Monthly — Continxud, 

Railway Guide 

Revue Arch6ologique 

Revue Britannique 

Revue Chr6tienne 

Royal Astronomical Society's Monthly 

Notices 
Royal Geographical Society's Journal 
Sanitary Engineering 
Science Gossip 
Shorthand Magazine 
Spelling Reformer 
Sunday at Home 
Sunday Magazine 
Temple Bar 
Theatre 

Tinsley's Magazine 
Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 
Truthseeker 

United Service Magazine 
Women's Suffi-age Journal 
Yachting Magazme 
Zoologist 
Zoophilist 

Fortnightly. 

Annalen der Physik 

British and Colonial Printer and Stationer 

Dingler's Polytechnisches Journal 

Gazette des Architectes 

Interm^diare 

Liebig's Annalen der Chemie 

Revue des Deux Mondes 

Unsere Zeit 

Weekly. 
Academy 
Alliance News 
American Settler 
Anglo-American Times 
Architect 
Athenaeum 
Brewers' Guardian 
British Architect 
Broad Arrow 
Builder 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 
Building News 

Cambridge University Reporter 
Chemical News 
Chronique des Arts 
Civilian 
Colonies 



Weekly — Continued. 
Comptes Rendus 
Draper 

Economist 

Engineer 

Engineering 

English Mechanic 

Entr'acte 

Era 

Estates Gazette 

Field 

Fun 

Gardeners' Chronicle 

Graphic 

Illustrated London News 

Iron 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 

Jewish Chronicle 

Journal of Gaslighting, &c. 

Journal of the Society of Arts 

Judy 

Knowledge 

Lancet 

Land and Water 

Lantern 

Law Tunes 

League Journal 

Liberal Review 

Local Government Chronicle 

London Gazette 

Mining Journal 

Musical and Dramatic World 

Nature 

Naval and Military Gazette 

Notes and Queries 

Oxford University Gazette 

Pharmaceutical Journal 

Pictorial World 

Porcupine 

Public Opinion 

Punch 

Railway Journal 

Saturday Review 

Scientific American 

Spectator 

Sydney Mail 

Temperance Record 

Truth 

Volunteer Serv'ice Gazette 

Vanity Fair 

Weekly Notes 

Weekly Register 

World 



DONATIONS. 



The following donatious have been received during the year : — 



Aberdeen Mechaxics' Institctiox : — 
Handbook, 1881-82; Report, 1880-81. 

ANDERS0>f's College, Glasgow :— Calen- 
dar, 1880-81. 

Barbados Colonial Secretary : — Bar- 
bados Blue Book, 1879. 

Barker, Major (the Compiler) : — Birken- 
head Police Report, 1881. 

Barr, Dr. James (the Editor) : — Liver- 
pool Medico-Chirurgical Journal, No. 1. 

Begg, Peter : — The Adhesive Stamp, by 
P. Chabners ; The Penny Postage 
Scheme of 1837, by P. Chalmers. 

Beloe, Charles H. : — Annual Report of 
the United States Life Saving Service, 
1880. 

Biggs, Mrs. :— Vivisection Considered, by 
James Macaulay and others (2 Copies) ; 
A Plea for Mercy to Animals, by James 
Macaulay (3 Copies). 

Biggs, W. W. (the Author) :— Conserva- 
tism of Liverpool, by " Vindex." 

Birkenhead Literary Society : — Re- 
port, 1880-81. 

Birmingham Philosophical Society : — 
Proceedings, Vol. 2. 
" BcsTON (U. S. A. ) Athen^um Library : — 
Catalogue, Compiled by C. A. Cutter 
(pp. 2315-3004). 

Boston (U. S. A.) Public Library: — 
Bulletin, Nos. 56-59. 

Boult, Joseph : — Description of the Sea- 
Coast of England and Wale.s, witli 
Charts, by Fearon and Eyes ; Minute- 
Books and otlier Papers and Pamphlets 
relating to the Roscoe Club, Liverpool ; 
Liverpool Trade-Lists ; Outlines and 
Sketches, by C. Allston ; and numerous 
other Volumes and Pamphlets, chiefly 
Local. 

Boult, Miss :— Livei-pool Mercui-y, 1818- 
1820 ; Life of Richard Wilson, R. A. ; 
and 19 other Volumes. 

Breaver, Charles : — Liverpool General 
Bevievif, 1853. 

Bridgeman, Rev. the Hon. G. T. 0. (the 
Author) :— History of the Princes of 
South Wales. 

British Association for the Advance- 
ment or Science : — Report, Swansea 
Meeting, 1880. 

British Museum Trustees ;— Catalogue 
of Birds, Vol. 5 ; Catalogue of Oriental 
Coins, Vol. 6 ; Illustrations of Lepid- 
optera Heterocera, Pt. 5. 

Byrne, P. , Ontario Government Agent, 
Liverpool : — Report of the Ontario 
Agricultural Commission, 2 vols. 

Cambridge Free Library; — Catalogue 
gf Books, Refer'snce Department, Pt. 2. 



Carrie, John (the Author) : — Ancient 
Things in Angus. 

Carson, P. M. : — Some Observations on 
Astronomy, Geology, and Meteorology, 
by James Carson, M. D., F. R. S. (In- 
edited MS.) 

Carter, Henry J., M.D., F.R.S. (the 
Author) : — Geological Papers on Western 
India, v^ith Atlas, 2 Vols. ; Geographical 
Description of Certain Parts of the S.E. 
Coast of Ai-abia. 

Castellain, Alfred, J. P. : — Journal of 
the Royal Agricultural Society, Vol. 
17, Pt. 1. 

Cincinnati Public Library : — Bulletins, 
1879-80, 2 vols. 

Cobden Club : — Financial Reform Al- 
manack, 1881 ; The Reciprocity Craze, 
by G. W. Medley ; Imports, Exports, 
and the French Treaty, by J. K. Cross ; 
Free Trade and Tariti's, by John Slagg, 
M.P. ; The French Treaty and Recipro- 
city, by Rt. Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, 
M.P. ; Systems of Land Tenure, Edited 
by J. W. Probyn ; History of the Free 
Trade Movement, by A. Mongredien. 

Cole, John : — Saint Augustine : a Poem, 
by H. W. Cole (3 Copies). 

Conder, G. a. :^The Advance of Popeiy, 
by J. C. Philpot. 

Cox, Rev. J. B., M.A. :— Monthly Papers, 
Jan.-April, 1881. 

Da vies. Rev. E. T. (the Author):— 
Cydymaith y Cymro. 

Dawbarn, William : — The Eccentric 
Club. 

DoDDS, John : — Report upon the Thames 
and Isis. 

DovETON, F. B. (the Author) : — Snatches 
of Song. 

Duncan, P. M., and W. P. Sladen (the 
Authors) : — The Echinodermata of the 
Arctic Seas. 

Engineers, The Society of : — Tran- 
sactions, 1861-80 (19 vols). 

Entomological Society of London : — 
Observations on the Athalia Centi- 
foliaB. 

Financial Reform Association : — Fi- 
nancial Reform Ahnanack, 1881. 

Forest, James A. : — A Collection of Re- 
ports and Pamphlets on the Liverpool 
Water Supply. 

Fulton, R. E. (the Publisher) : — Commer- 
cial Directory and Shippers'Guide,1881. 

Galt, Sir A. T. : — What Farmers say of 
the Canadian North-West. 

Greenstreet, James, ash Chas. Russell 
(the Authors) : — Reference List of Rolls 
of Arms, 



DONATIONS— (Con«nt4<d. ) 



GnET, Hentit (the Author) : — Classics for 

the Million. 
Habvard Umveesity, U. S. A. : — Mu- 
seum of Comparative Zoology .'Bulletins, 
Vol. 8, Nos. 1-14; Memoii-s, Vol. 8, 
No. 1 ; Annual Report of Curator, 
1879-80; Library Bulletins, Nos. 17-20; 
3rd Report of Justin Winsor ; Biblio- 
graphical Contributions, No. 12. 
Hedley, William : — The Model Loco- 
motive Engineer. &c. , by M. Reynolds. 
HiBBERT, AiDERMAX James (the Com- 
piler) : — Notes on Free Public Libraries 
and Museums. 
HiGGDs-s, Rev. H. H., M. A. :— Florule 
Bryologique de la Reunion, par E. 
Bescherelle ; Journal of the Royal 
Society of N. S. Wales, Vol. 13 ; Geo- 
logical Survey of Newfoundland, by 
Alexander Murray, and others. 
Hts'DE, William : — Thou's History of his 

own Time. 
Historic Society of L.\xcashibe axd 

Cheshire : — Transactions, Vol. 32. 
Hodges, Figgis, & Co. (the Publishers) : — 

Dublin University Calendar, 1881. 
Incorporated Law Society : — Calendar, 

1881. 
India, the Secretary of State for: — 
Sacred Books of the East, Vols. 10 & 1 1 . 
Institute of CI^^L Engineers :^Minutes 
of Proceedings, Vols. 63-66 ; Regula- 
tions and List of Members ; Subject 
Index to Vols. 1-58. 
Institution of Mechanical Engineers : 
—Proceedings, Oct., 1880— July, 1881 ; 
Library Catalogue ; Subject Index of 
Papers, 1847-80. 
Ibish Land Committee : — Eieht Pamph- 
lets on the Irish Land Question. 
Jones, Horace, F.R. LB. A. (the Author) : 
— short Notice of the Metropolitan 
Markets. 
Keith, William : — Photographs of Scenes 
in Liverpool during Royal Visit, 1881. 
Kerslake, Thomas (the Author) : — Caer 

Pensauelcort. 
Lesignano, L.\ Princesse de (the 
Author) : — Les constitutions de tous les 
pays ci\'ilises. 
Library Reports from the following Li- 
braries :— Manor of Aston, Birkenhead, 
Birmingham, Bolton, Boston (U.S.A.), 
Cambridge, Chicago, Cinciimati, Clithe- 
roe, Copenhagen Royal Library, Derby, 
Dundee, Germantown Friends,Glasgow, 
Hereford, Manchester, Middlesbrough, 
New York Astor, New York Mercantile, 
Newtown, Plymouth, Preston, Roch- 
dale, Salford, San Francisco Mercantile, 
SheflSeld, Southport, Stockport, Swan- 
sea, West Bromwich, Westminster, 
Wolverhampton, Wigan, Worcester, 
Mass. (U.S.A.) 



LrvTERPOOL Art Club : — Caricature Exhi- 
bition Catalogue. 
Liverpool Engineering Society : — 

Proceedings, Vol. 1. 
Liverpool Geological Society : — Pro- 
ceedings, 1880-81. 
Liverpool Institutions, &c. : — Reports 
have been received from the following : 
Auxiliary to Army Scripture Readers', 
&c. Society, Auxiliaiy Bible Society, 
Blue Coat Hospital, Catholic Reforma- 
tory Association, Central Relief, &c. 
Society, Clerks' Association, Holy 
Trinity Ragged School, Horticultural 
Association, Juvenile Reformatory 
Association, Ku-kdale Industrial Ragged 
School, Mercantile Marine Service As- 
sociation, Preventive Home, Ragged 
School Union, Royal Society for Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Animals, Sailors' 
Homes, Sa^aIlg8 Bank, &c.. School for 
Deaf and Dumb, School of Science, 
Seamen's Orphan Institution, ShipwTeck 
and Humane Societj% , Sunday School 
Union, Training Ship "Indefatigable." 
LrvERPOOL Literary and Philosophical 

Society : — Proceedings, Vol. 34. 
Liverpool (Lyceum) Library : — Annual 

Supplemental Catalogue, 1881. 
Liverpool Naturalist's Field Club : — 

Proceedmgs, 1880-81. 
Ln^ERPOOL Philomathic Society : — Pro- 
ceedings, 1860-80 (19 vols.). 
LmERPOOLScHOOLBoARD:^Proceedings, 

1879-80. 
McCosH, John (the Author) : — Grand 

Tours in many Lands : a Poem. 
Macfie, R. a. (the Author) : — Literary 

Copyright ; Cries in a Crisis. 
McLiNTOCK, R. (the Translator) : — A 
Trip to the Brocken, by Heinrich Heine. 
JkLvDELEY, Charles: — Proverbs of Solo- 
mon, by George Holden. 
Manchester Geological Society : — 

Transactions, Vol. 16, Pts. 1-10. 
Manchester National Society for 
Women's Suffrage : — 14th Annual 
Report. 
Manchester Statistical Society : — 

Proceedings, 1880-81. 
Marrat, F. p. : — Liverpool Naturalists' 
Scrap Book ; A Naturalist's Calendar, 
by Rev. G. White ; Catalogue of Plants 
in Liverpool Botanic Gardens, 1808 ; 
Philosophical Letters of John Ray ; 
Systematical Arrangement of the Ani- 
mal Kingdom ; Varieties of the Genus 
Naasa, by F. P. Marrat, and other 
Pamphlets. 
Minnesota, University of : — Geolo- 
gical, &c.. Survey of Minnesota, Eighth 
Aimual Report. 
McaTON,G.H.,F.GS.(theAuthori:— Oeo- 
logy of the Country around Liverpool. 



10 



DONATIONS- (Co)i<inwcrf.) 



National Association for the Promo- 
tion OF Social Science : — Transac- 
tions : Manchester, 1879 ; Edinburgh, 
1880. 

National Society for Women's Suf- 
frage : — Words of Weight on the 
Woman Question ; Woman's Claim, by 
Emily PfeifiFer ; Annual Report, 1881. 

Nevins, J. BiRKBECK, M.D. (the Author) : 
— The Translation of the Authorised 
Version. 

New South Wales, Agent General 
FOR : — Annual Report of the Depart- 
ment of Mines 1879-1880 ; Financial 
Statement of the Colonial Treasurer ; 
" Earl Dalhousie " Gazette ; Rejjort on 
Crown Lands, with Maps ; Speech on 
Immigration by Sii' H. Parkes ; and 
other Papers relating to New South 
Wales. 

Norwegian Government : — Norwegian 
North Atlantic Expedition, Pts. 1-3. 

OsBORN, Rev. G. , D.D. (the Author): — 
Outlines of Wesleyan Bibliograpliy. 

Packard, Hon. S. B., U.S. Consul, 
Liverpool : — Reports from the Consuls 
of the U.S. on the Commeixe, &c., of 
their Consular Districts, Nos. 1-11. 

Paris, Municipality of : — Bulletin Re- 
capitulatif de Statistique Municipale, 
1878 et 1879. 

Peabody Institute, Baltimore, U.S.A. : 
— 14th Annual Report. 

Phillipson and Golder (Publishers) : — 
Chester Diocesan Calendar, &c. , 1881. 

PiLKiNGTON, Lieut. -CoL. J. : — The Bon- 
datie of the Will, by Martin Luther ; 
Colloquia Mensalia, or Familiar Dis- 
courses by Martin Luther, 2 vols ; The 
National Rifle Association by J. R. 
MacDonnell ; Proceedings, &c , of the 
15th Lancashire R.V. ; Report of 
Liverpool Art Club, 1872-3. 

Pitman, Isaac : — Phonetic Journal, 1880. 

Readb, T. Mellard (the Author) : — The 
Last Change of Level in Lancashire ; 
Notes on the Southern Drift of England 
and Wales. 

Reynolds, R. S. (the Author) :-— Essay 
on the Breeding and Management of 
Cart Horses. 

Richmond Free Public Library: — 
Catalogue, 1881. 

Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacional do : — 
Archivos, Vols. 2 and 3. 

Robinson and Thompson (the Photo- 

fraphers) :— Photographs of Liverpool 
uring Royal Visit, 1881, Cotton Cornei-, 
and Laying Foundation of Vyrnwy 
Water Works. 
Rose, Rev. W. F , M. A. :— Licheno- 
graphia Britannica, by Dawson Turner 
and W. Borrer ; Muscologico HibemicEe 
Spicileglum, by DawBon Turner. 



Royal Astronomical Society : — Month- 
ly Notices, Vol. 41. 

Royal Colonial Institute : — Proceed- 
ings, Vol. 12. 

Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society : 
— Annual Report, 1880. 

RoyalInstitute of British Architects : 
— Transactions and Proceedings, 1880- 
1881. 

Royal Society of London : — Philosophi- 
cal Transactions, Vols. 171, Pt. 3, and 
172, Pt. 1. 

St. Louis Public School Library : — 
Bulletins, Nos. 11-13. 

Samuelson, Alderman E., J. P. : — Re- 
port of the United States Commissioner 
of Internal Revenue, 1879-80. 

Scotland, Society of Antiquaries of : — 
Proceedings, 1879-80. 

Sherlock, Frederick (the Author and 
Editor) : — llhistrious Abstainers (3 
copies) ; Heroes in the Strife (3 copies) ; 
More than Conquerors (6 copies) ; 
Home Woi-ds, 1880 ; Fu-eside Annual, 
1880 ; Day of Days, 1880 ; Hand and 
Heart, Vol. 5. 

Smith.sonian Institution, U.S.A. : — 
Miscellaneous Collections, Vols. 18-21 ; 
Contributions to Knowledge, Vol. 23 ; 
Report, 1879 ; Memorial of Joseph 
Henry. 

Snape, Jo.Seph (the Author) : — Reminis- 
cences of a Dental Surgeon. 

South Australian Institute : — Annual 
Report, 1880-81. 

Spratt, Vice- Admiral T. A. B., C.B. 
(the Author) : — Suggestion for the 
Improvement of the Entrance to the 
Mersey (3 copies) ; Report on the Pre- 
sent State of the Navigation of the 
River Mersey, 1880 (3 copies). 

Stuart-Glenn IE, J. S. (the Author) : — 
The Youth of Arthur. 

Sutton, C. W. (the Author) : — George 
Eliot : a Bibliography. 

Taylor, J. Stopford, M.D. (the Author) : 
— Importation of Infectious Diseases. 

Thomas, Ralph (the Author) : — Aggra- 
vating Ladies. 

Tinne, J. A. , J P. : — Illustrated London 
News, Vols. 77 and 78. 

Trinity College, London : — Calendar, 
1881-82. 

TuLLOCH, Col. Sir Alexander (the Au- 
thor) : — The Crimean Commission and 
the Chelsea Board. 
United States Government : — Bureau 
of Education ; Library Aids ; Coast 
Survey Report, 1876-7 ; Geographical 
Survey Reports, Vols. 2-6 and Atlas ; 
Geological Survey Report ; Naval Ob- 
servations, 1876 (2 vols.,) 1877, and 
Reports on the Solar Eclipses of 1878 
and 1880. 



I 



11 



DONATIONS— (CoratJwMeci. ) 



University College or Wales : — 
Calendars, 1880-1, and 1881-2. 

ViCTORL\ Royal Society: — Transactions, 
Vol. 17. 

ViNiNG, Edward P. (the Author) : — The 
Mystery of Hamlet. 

Warrington Free Library : — Supple- 
ment to Lending Library Catalogue. 

Waterhoctse, Capt. Henry : — Old 
Nottinghamshire, edited by J. P. Bris- 
coe ; Report of the St. John Ambulance 
Association, 1881. 

Watherston, E. J. (the Author) : — Pro- 
gress of British Commerce. 

Webley-Parry, Ellen (the Author) : — 
Epitome of Anglican Church History 
(3 Copies). 



Wesleyan Conference Office : — 124 
Volumes of Selected Publications. 

White, Edward (the Author) : — Life in 
Christ (3 Copies). 

Willicott, Mrs. : — Homilies appointed 
to be read in Churches. 

WooDsiDE, The Anderson Free Libra- 
ry : — Catalogue of Books, Compiled by 
A. W. Robertson, M.A. 

Worcester Pdblic Library : — A Re- 
trospect, by C. M. Downes. 

Worcester (Mass., U.S.A.) Public 
Library : — Relation of the Public 
Library to the Public Schools, by S. S. 
Green. 

Zoological Society or London : — Tran- 
sactions, Vol. 11, Pts. 3-5; Proceedings, 
1880-81 ; List of Fellows and Members, 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, &c., have been presented 
regularly by the Publishers : — 



Alliance News 

American Settler 

Anglo-American Times 

Bootle Times 

Brewers' Guardian 

British Temperance Advocate 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 

Cambridge Examiner 

Catholic Times 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

Clergyman's Magazine 

Colonies 

Congregationalist 

Day of Days 

Dietetic Reformer 

Draper 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Educational Guide 

Englishwoman's Review 

Entr'acte 

Estates Gazette 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Hand and Heart 

Home Words 

Homoeopathic World 

Intellectual Repository 

Inventor's Record 



Irish Temperance Banner 
Iron and Coal Trades Review 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
League Journal 
Liverpool Albion 

Courier 

Echo 

Express 

Journal 

Lantern 

Liberal Review 

Mail 

Mercury 

North End Times 

Porcupine 

Post 

Musical and Dramatic World 
Naval and Military Gazette 
Sanitary Engineering 
Spelling Reformer 
Sunday Review 
Sydney Mail 
Temperance Record 
Tonic Sol-Fa Reporter 
Toxteth and Garston Times 
Waterloo Times 
Weekly Register 
Women's Suflrage Journal 
Zoophilist 



12 

LENDING LIBRARIES. 
Table I. — Greneral Statistics : — 



Volumes lent 

Tickets issued to New Eeaders . . 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Total No. of readers on the books 
Books lost or injured, and paid for 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn . . 
Volumes worn out — replaced .... 

New volumes added 

Total No. of vols, in the Libraries 



THs Year. 






Last Year. 




North South 




North 


South 




Library. Library. 


TOTAT,. 


Library. 


Library. 


Total. 


222,212 200,839 


423,051 


215,052 


221,363 


436,415 


2,278, 2,417 


4,695 


2,646 


2,641 


5,287 


2,496 2,209 


4,705 


2,346 


2,344 


4,690 


2,719 2,683 


5,402 


2,487 ! 2,452 


4,939 


4,647 4,705 1 


9,352 


4,965 


6,049 


10,014 


47 37 


84 


35 

4 

289 


31 


66 

4 

611 


228 1 239 1 


467 


322 


700 611 


1,311 


664 


710 


1,374 


607 054 


1,161 


586 


594 


1,180 


21,717 1 22,262 


43,979 


21,338 


21,947 


43,285 



Table II. — Showing the Classification of Volumes Lent and Added 





Volumes Lent. ' Volumes Added. 




North 
Library. 


South j „ 
Library, j T°tai.. 


North South ! „ 
Librarj-. Library. Totai.. 


Theology, Moral Philosophy, &c. 
Nat. Philosophy and Mathematics 


3,566 

3,186 

2,176 

7,883 

9,307 

921 

6,653 

12,057 

488 

644 

1,893 

1,518 

172,569 


3,768 ; 7,334 
3,476 1 6,662 
2,187 1 4,363 


20 18 ' 38 

16 16 32 

17 1 fi 3a. 




7,832 ' 15,715 51 41 92 


History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 


9,722 j 19,029 69 70 
1,056 1,977 15 11 
6,188 10,841 2S 2fi 


139 
26 
54 


Miscellaneous Literature 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce and Political Economy 
Education, Languages, Logic, &c. 
Poetry and the Drama 


11,753 23,810 

461 949 

703 1,347 

1,668 3,561 

1,917} 3,435 

l.'i0.404 322.97.^ 


lie 107 
3 2 

11 3 
3 4 

12 9 
250 209 

— 5 

— 17 


219 

6 

14 

7 

21 

459 


Latin aud Greek Classics 

Books for the Blind 


305 432 737 
46 272 318 


6 
17 






Total 


222,212 200,839 423,051 | 607 554 


1161 



M U S E U I^I . 



The Visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows : — 

1881. 1880. T,,^,o.<,« 

215 Days. 213 Days. increase. 

Total Visitors in the j'ear 422,326 415,122 7,204 

"Weekly average 8,121 7,983 138 

Daily average 1,964 1,948 16 

The 18th of October, 1881, was the 20th anniversary of the opening 
of the Museum in the present building. 

The total number of visitors during that time amounted to 8,677,853, 
giving a yearly average of 433,892. 



I 



13 

DONATIONS. 

Specimens of two species of Shells, Natica picta and Cassis areolata ; 
presented by Mr. E. M. Adam. 

A Comatula clinging to a Gorgonia stem, specimens of rare Echini 
and Cake Urchins, from Singapore ; presented by Staff Surgeon Samuel 
Archer, A.M.D. 

Six living specimens of the Sea Hare, Aplysia punctata, from Angle- 
sea ; presented by Mr. George Atkin. 

Two Sea Snakes, Pelamys and Chersydrus, from the Indian Ocean ; 
presented by Messrs. Bathgate and Son. 

A Horned Pheasant, Ceriornis melanocephala, from India ; presented 
by Mr. F. S. Bocquet. 

A Piece of Timber, from the Mediterranean, bored by Teredos ; Horns 
of a Four-horned Antelope ; Skull of a Hornbill ; Skull and Jaws of a 
Shark ; Teeth of a Fish, Dentex ; and seventeen bottles of Snakes, &c.; 
presented by Mrs. Bocquet. 

Specimens of Ichthyosaurus Teeth and Bones, Ammonites, &c., cut 
and polished ; presented by Mr. Joseph Boult. 

Specimens of Wigeon, Mareca penelope ; Scaup Duck, Fuligula 
tnarila ; and a Great Crested Grebe, Podiceps cristatus ; shot at Hilbre ; 
presented by Mr. H. D. Brandreth. 

Specimens of Indian Chisels made of Conch Shells, apparently from 
Strombus accipitrinus, and found in Barbadoes ; presented by Sir T. 
Graham Briggs, Bart. 

A young Giraffe, seven feet high, stuffed, a Rocky Mountain Goat, 
Mazama Americana, and six other Ruminant Mammals, stuffed or in 
skin ; forty small specimens of Reptiles, Fish, &c., in spirit ; two fine 
Crinoids, Comatula Eschrichtii, from the late Arctic Expedition ; six 
small Starfishes, from the same ; and 1,061 specimens of Insects of 
various Orders ; presented by the Trustees of the British Museum, from 
the duplicates of the National Collection. 

Four specimens of Stromatopara concentrica and two of Caunopora 
placenta, from the Devonian Limestone, Dartington, near Totnes ; also, 
a small polished section of Stromatopora elegans, Rosen, Devonian Lime- 
Btone, Teignmouth ; specimens of seven forms of Foraminifera, Num- 



14 

mulites, Carpenteria, &c., mounted and named ; Cocoons of the common 
Leech ; two cases of Caddis Larvae, from South America ; and specimens 
illustrative of nineteen groups of Sponges of the Order Holoraphidota ; 
presented by Dr. H. J. Carter, F.R.S. 

A female Eider Duck, Somateria, and a Little Auk, or Rotche, Mer- 
gulus alle, from "West Spitzbergen ; presented by Mr. J. M. Caw. 

Two Woodcocks, from Knowsley ; presented by the Earl of Derby. 

A Long-eared Bat, from Llanfairfechan, North Wales ; presented by 
Mr. Henry Duckworth, J.P. 

A Guinea Baboon ; presented by Mrs. Edmonds. 

A specimen of Chrysocolla or Silicate of Copper, from Devonshire ; 
presented by Mr. C. T. Gatty. 

Three Nestling Hedgehogs, from Broadgreen ; presented by Mr. 
W. L. Gladstone. 

Ten Facsimile Models of Australian Gold Nuggets, and specimens of 
16 varieties of Minerals and Rocks, Zeolites, Phacolites, &c., from Mel- 
bourne ; presented by Mr. John Greenwood, of Melbourne, formerly of 
Liverpool. 

A specimen of Petrified Hickory, from Mobile, Alabama; presented 
by Captain Halcrow. 

An Electric Fish, Malapterurus, and a young Crocodile, from West 
Africa ; presented by Mr. H. Heard, Jun. 

The Skeleton of a common Frog, also the Skeleton of a common Chick 
at the 16th day of incubation ; three Chicks at various stages ; and one 
Chick at the 4th day, mounted for the Microscope ; presented by Dr. J. 
Sibley Hicks. 

A small rare Sponge, Plocamia gymnayusa, dredged off Cape Palmas, 
West Africa; presented by Mr. T. Higgin, F.L.S. 

A Loggerhead Turtle, weighing 206 lbs., from Pernambuco, and the 
Head of a large Edible Turtle ; presented by Mr. George Hulse. 

A Long-eared Bat, from County Derry ; presented by Mr. A. Jenkins. 

A collection of about eighty species of Butterflies and Moths with 
their transformations, from Sao Paulo, Brazil ; collected, bred, and pre- 
sented, together with notes on their various stages, by Mr. E. Dukinfield 
Jones, C.E., Corresponding Member of the Literary and Philosophical 
Society of Liverpool. 



15 

' Five specimens of the Coney of Scripture, Hyrax Syriacus, and 
specimens of Birds, from Palestine ; specially collected for the Museum, 
and presented by Mr. Hugh Heywood Jones. 

A White-tailed Deer, Cervus leucurus, from Big Horn Mountains, and 
a Snowy Owl, from Long Point, Lake Erie ; collected and presented 
by Mr. St. George Littledale. 

A Fossil Fish, from Crato, Province of Ceara ; presented by Mr. John 
Mackee, of Ceara, per Messrs. R. Singlehurst. 

Two small specimens of Aberthaw Limestone, from near Cardiff; 
presented by Mr. F. P. Marrat. 

A Bat, 10 Reptiles, and a Fish, from Persia and West Africa ; 4 
Cocoons of Tusseh Silk Moth ; 3 Shells from Queensland fMelania 
glandiformisj ; 3 Fossil Spines of Cidaris, and 2 Cuttle Bones of Sepia 
Lycidas ; presented by Mr. F. Moore, F.Z.S. 

A Snake ; presented by Messrs. J. Nickel & Son. 

Specimens of the Edible Nest and Eggs of an Indian Swallow, 
Collocalia, from Borneo ; presented by Lieutenant Niblett, R.N. 

A Common Guillemot, Uria troile, changing to winter plumage, from 
Formby ; presented by Mr. R. Paden. 

A Fish Spine, Hyhodus; Bones of Turtle and Shell, from Portland 
Oolite ; presented by Mr. C. Potter. 

A large group of Crystals of Calcite, from the Cueya de Bella Mar 
near Matanzas, Cuba ; presented by Mr. J. W. Schofield, per Messrs. 
J. T. Nickel & Co. 

An Oil Picture of the Orang Outan, Simia satyrus, from Borneo, 
painted from nature by Mr. B. Waterhouse Hawkins, F.G.S.; presented 
by Mr. James Smith. 

Living specimens of the Nurse Frog, Alytes obstetricans ; presented 
in exchange by Professor Schnitger, Lippe Detmold. 

Two Swans, shot at Bromboro' ; presented by Mr. Horace Turner. 

A branching Sponge, order Echinonemata; presented by Mr. J. S. 
Tyerman. 

Specimens of Reptiles, Fish, Crustacea, Scorpions, Mollusca, and 
Coleoptera, from Wassaw, Gold Coast, West Africa ; collected and pr,i- 
seuted by Mr. R. B. N. Walker, F.R.G.S., Corresponding Member of 
the Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 



16 

A collection of Mariue Specimens collected on a voyage from Liverpool 
to Baltimore, Acapulca, and San Francisco ; presented by Captain W. 
H. Cawne Warren, Ship " Bedfordshire," Associate of the Literary and 
Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 

A Fir Ball, found in Windermere ; presented by Mr. W. Woods, 

A collection of 85 named specimens of 80 species of Fishes, from the 
Pacific Coast of North America ; presented by the Smithsonian Listitu- 
tion, Washington, per Professor Spencer F. Baird, Secretary of the 
Institution, and U.S. Fish Commissioner. 

Specimens of British Birds ; presented by Mr. Thomas West. 

PURCHASES. 
The principal purchases for the Museum have been as follows : — 

A Kooloo-Kamba Chimpanzee, a young Gorilla, a Malayan Bear, a 
Red River-Hog, a young Koodoo Antelope, a Chamois, a Great Ant- 
eater, and thirteen other Mammalia. 

Two Oven Birds f Fwrnarius) , with nest and eggs, from Brazil, and 
16 other Birds. 

A Serpent, 17 feet in length, and two Matamata Tortoises. 

The Beak of a Sword Fish fHistiophorusJ, 42 inches long, taken from 
a specimen captured off Rhode Island, U.S.A. 

Seventy-six selected Insects of various Orders, including a specimen of 
Ornithoptera Brookiana, from Borneo, and other rare Butterflies. 

A fine example of a rare Crustacean {Ranina dentata), a Balanus, and 
four specimens of Echinoderms. 

Thirteen models of molluscous animals, 13 specimens of seven species 
of Shells from Lake Tanganyika; and 129 other selected specimens of 
Mollusca. 

A collection of specimens from Barbadoes, chiefly marine, including 
specimens of Pentacrinus or Sea Lily. 

A left lower Molar Tooth and cut and polished sections of other teeth 
of Elephas meridionalis, from the Cromer Forest-bed, Norfolk; and 
polished sections of the Pear Encrinite, Apiocrinus Parkinsoni, from 
the Bradford clay. 



m 

FREE LECTURES. 

The Sixteenth Winter Course of Free Lectures, forty in number, 
was delivered in the Lecture Hall of the Free Library, in January, 
February, and March, 1881. 

Total number of persons who attended the Lectures 14,815 

Average per Lecture 370 

List. 
Primeval Man; with Illustrations from the Mayer Collection; by 

Sir J. A. Picton, F.S.A.' 
Floral Defences; with Illustrative Drawings; by the Rev. H. H. 

Higgins, M.A. 
Through Norway to the North Cape and Back; by the Rev. Samuel 

Pearson, M.A. 
The Sailing Ships of all Ages ; with Illustrations by the Oxy- 

hydrogen Light; by Captain Stubbs, R.N. 
On the Changes that occur in Plants during the Ripening of Seeds ; 
, Illustrated by Coloured Drawings; by Dr. J. Birkbeck Nevins. 
The City of the Lily and the City of the Liver ; an Instructive 

Contrast ; by Mr. P. H. Rathbone, J.P. 
Miscalculations ; by the Rev. J. Burbidge. 

A Sketch of the Rise and Progress of Steam Navigation ; with 

Illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen Light; by Captain Stubbs, R.N. 

The Dimensions of the Stellar Universe ; with Illustrations by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light ; by Mr. R. C. Johnson, F.R.A.S. 
Zoophytes or Animal Plants of the Mersey ; with Illustrations by 

the Oxyhydrogen Light; by Dr. J. Sibley Hicks, F.R.M.S. 
Work in Pleasure or Toil for Pay ; by Mr. A. H. Mackmurdo. 
Solar Eclipses ; with Illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen Light ; by 

the Rev. S. J. Perry, S. J., F.R.S. 
Solar Eclipses ; with Illustrations by the Oxy-hydrogen Light ; by 

the Rev. S. J. Perry, S.J., F.R.S. 
The Value of Art and its Relation to Life; by Mr. A. H. 

Mackmurdo. 
Hiamorous and Dramatic Recitals from English and American 
Authors ; by Mr. William Bennett. 



18 

Legends and Proverbs of the Olden Time ; by Mr. B. L. Benas. 

How to Acquire and how to Utilize Musical Knowledge so as to read 
Vocal Music at sight ; with Illustrations ; by Mr. J. Veaco. 

Athens ; with Photographic Illustrations ; Mr. James Samuelson. 

Liverpool Imports ; Illustrated by Specimens, Drawings, and Ex- 
periments ; by Mr. Norman Tate, F.I.C. 

Win and Wear ; by the Rev. J. Henry Skewes. 

On Expression in Vocal Music ; with Illustrations; by Mr. J. Veaco. 

Readings from Shakespere and other Writers ; by Mr. F. Kempster, 
M.A. 

Household Words from Shakespere, by the Rev. H. Stowell Brown. 

Fishes, Recent and Fossil ; their Structure and Distribution ; by 
Mr. T. J. Moore. 

Mathematical Science ; its Influence on the World ; by Mr. J. Gill. 

On the Study of Natural History in the Neighbourhood of Liverpool; 
by Mr. F. P. Marrat. 

Scottish Song and Song Writers ; by the Rev. H. T. Howat, M.A. 

The Structure of Mountains; by Mr. G. H. Morton, F.G.S. 

Shaftesbury — the First Great English Party-Leader ; by Mr. James 
Birchall. 

Concerning Duty by Smiles ; by Mr. B. H. Grindley. 

The Catacombs of Rome ; with Illustrations; by Mr. H. Duckworth, 
J.P., F.G.S., F.L.S. 

Ideals in Christian Art; with Illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light ; by Mr. C. T. Gatty, F.S.A. 

Sulphur and its Compounds; Illustrated by Experiments; by 
Mr. E. Davies, F.C.S., F.I.C. 

China and the Chinese ; by Dr. George Shearer. 

The Shores of the Mediterranean; historically considered and 

Photographically Illustrated by the Lime Light ; by Mr. J. A. 

Forrest. 

Another Evening with some Rare and Valuable Books in the Free 

Library ; by Mr. P. Cowell. 
Literature and Poetry of Ireland ; by Mr. Walter Pierce. 



1^ 

Incandescent Electric Lighting ; with Experimental Illustrations ; 

by Mr. C. H. Stearn. 
On the Search for Happiness ; by Mr. Charles Dyall. 
Utopia; by Mr. E. R. Russell. 



LECTURES ON ENGLISH LITERATURE. 

In consequence of the Cambridge University Local Lectures Syndicate 
being unable to supply a Lecturer to continue the Course on English 
Prose Literature, commenced and successfully carried on during the 
previous year by the Rev. A. Caldecott, the Committee appointed Mr. 
T. Hall Caine to deliver a Course of Twelve Lectures " On English 
Prose Literature from Addison to Carlyle (1720-1880)." 

At these lectures there were 3,177 attendances, giving an average per 
lecture of 264. 

The attendants at these lectures were invited to send in essays on the 
subjects treated in order that certificates might be given in the order of 
merit. 

The Rev. Professor Graham, of London, kindly gave his assistance to 
Mr. Caine in this adjudication. The list of the essayists and the report 
of Dr. Graham are as follows : — 

Report from the Rev. Professor Graham, D.D., Adjudicator : — 

London, SO, Endsleigh Street, Tavistock Square, 
February 15th, 1882. 

Dear Sir, — Mr. T. H. Caine has sent me the MSS. of the Essayists 
in his English Literature Class that I may give some judgment upon 
their relative merits. I have read them over — all of them with interest, 
some of them with admiration — both of the Essayists and of the Lecturer 
who had impressed the substance and spirit of bis Lectures so thoroughly 
on the minds of his students. 

I might have slightly changed one or two names in the table Mr. 
Caine sent me, and which I transmit to you ; but the real order of merit 
would not have been affected by any change I could make. I would only 
say further that the boy Palethorpe, 12 years old, writes a Paper so 
judicious and at the same time so naive that he almost, or indeed 
altogether deserves, to be put into a class of which he is the only 



representative. So let Mr. Caine's table stand, as I thoroughly adopt it, 
and that after personal careful examination. Such a class in Liverpool 
must have influenced a far larger circle than even that of the Essayists, 
and must, when conducted as Mr. Caine has evidently conducted it, 
prove a real quickening and encouragement to many young minds. 

I am, my dear Sir, 

Yours cordially, 

WILLIAM GRAHAM. 



1st Class. — Distinguished. 
Hiram Tatter sail. 
Fred. Broadbridge. 
John Smitton. 

1st Class. 
Miss M. E. Osborne. 

,, F. D. Palethorpe. 

„ M. C. Palethorpe. 
Herbert Savile. 
Miss S. H. Thompson. 
Ed. Watkins. 

2nd Class. 
P. R. Palethorpe, a boy 12 years old. This 

ought to be stated on the certificate drawn up 

by Mr. Caine. 
W. J. Banks. 
H. V. Cantrell. 
H. A. Keily. 
Miss Sarah Kendall. 
A. Maddock. 
J. Watkins. 

P.S. — I adopt this table of the relative merits of the Essayists as 
substantially correct and just. I do so after careful independent reading 
and inspection. 

(Signed) WM. GRAHAM, D.D., 

Adjudicator. 



ii 

Three Experimental Lectures were delivered by Dr. J. Campbell 
Brown, in the Small Concert Room, St. George's Hall, in continuation 
of previous Courses on the " Chemical Elements," the subject treated of 
being Carbon. 

The total attendances amounted to 2,441, being an average of 813. 



The Liverpool School of Science has had the use of rooms as in 
former years, and the following Courses of Lectures are being delivered 
in connection with the Department of Science and Art, South Ken- 
sington : — 

Solid Geometry. By Mr. A. J. Briant. 
Machine Drawing. Do. 

Building Construction. Do. 

Agriculture. By Mr. C. F. Cooper. 

Also a Class on Shorthand. By Mr. E. F. Finlay, in connection 
with the Society of Arts, London. 

Examinations conducted under the management of the Universities of 
Oxford and Cambridge, and of the Civil Service Commissioners, have 
taken place as in former years. 

The following Societies have also had the use of rooms : — The 
Amateur Photographic Society, the Students' Geological Society, the 
Liverpool Association of Science and Arts, and the Lancashire and 
Cheshire Entomological Society. 



22 

MAYER MUSEUM. 



REPORT. 

The Ethnographical Annexe at the back of the Walker Art Grallery was 
opened to the public early in the year, and has proved a considerable 
source of attraction. A Catalogue of this collection, with several illus- 
trations, is about to be printed, and other parts of the Mayer Museum 
Catalogue are in course of preparation. 

DONATIONS. 

A collection of Ethnographical Objects ; presented by Mr. G. Holt. 

Mandingo Dagger, and a Grass Hammock ; presented by Mr. B. R. 
Isaac. 

Ethnographical Specimens, from Australia ; presented by Mrs. Morley 
Francis. 

One hundred and ten Flint Arrowheads, collected in Nottoway County, 
Virginia, and presented by John Whitford. 

Rent Roll on parchment of a Monastery, dated during the reign of 
Henry VIII. ; presented by Mr. H. R. Huband. 

A valuation of the " Manor of Littleton," in the time of William and 
Mary ; presented by Mr. H. R. Huband. 

Three Vases made from clay taken from the foundations of this 
Museum ; presented by Mr. Joseph Mayer. 

Fragments of Breccia, also a few Bones, taken from the flooring of the 
cave-dwelling at Llandudno ; presented by Mr. C. T. Gatty. 

Walking stick, a bronze armlet, and four beads, from West Africa ; 
presented by Mr. R. B. N. Walker. 

Cap and pouch, embroidered with beads and grass, North American 
Indian ; presented by Miss Neilson. 

Medal of Napoleon, struck at Lancaster in 1802 ; presented by Mr. 
Arthur Greer. 

Five Miniatures on Ivory ; presented by Mr. Joseph Boult.| 

Early English Tortoiseshell Dish ; presented by Mr. John Nicholson. 

Small Glass Beads, from the Gold Coast, W. Africa ; presented by 
Mr. R. B. N. Walker. 



23 

Two Small Square Brass Objects, used to give to street beggars in 
Jerusalem by the Jews ; presented by the Eev. G. J. Chester. 

(1) Carved Wooden Figure of Our Lord from a Crucifix. (2) Bronze 
Vase from an early Greek Cemetery Camirus in Rhodes. (3) Two 
Silver Girdle Ornaments worn by Norwegian Peasants ; presented by 
Mr. A. W. Franks. 

Sling of Plaited Grass, used by the Maories for carrying heavy weights ; 
presented by Mr. John Cullen. 

Mummy and Case, from Thebes ; presented by the Earl of Denbigh. 

Three Implements made of the shell Strombus Accipitrimis, from the 
Island of Barbadoes ; presented by Sir T. Graham Briggs, Bart. 

Five Silver Coins of Demerara and Essequibo, 1816 ; presented by 
Mr. John Davies, C.C. 

Ball of Plaited Human Hair, made by the inhabitants of Easter 
Island ; also a Scroll of Oriental Inscriptions ; presented by Dr. J. L. 
Palmer, E.N. 

Octangular Stone Vessel inscribed " R.L.M.L. 1656,'" found at Ash- 
ton Hayes, near Chester, and presented by the Eev. J. H. Staite. 

PURCHASES. 

Facsimile of the Paper Money and Coinage used in France about the 
Epoch of the first French Eevolution. 
Model of a Canoe, Polynesia. 
Plate of Seacombe Pottery. 
Album of Ethnographical Photographs. 
Copper Plate, from India. 
Silver Filigree Hair Ornament. 
Dagger with Carved Ivory Handle. 
Carved Ivory Tusk, "West Africa. 
Mandingo Sword, West Africa. 
Wedgwood Bowl and Jug. 
Liverpool Printed Jug. 
Ethnographical Drawings and Maps. 
Silver Filigree Pipe Mouthpiece. 
Implement used for Smoothing Linen, from Norway. 
Indian Purse. 



24 

Japanese Book, with Landscape Paintings on Silk. 

Two Japanese Lacquered Bamboo Vases. 

Model of a Frigate, date 1763. 

Nine Jewish Coins — a Shekel, half Shekel, and seven Copper Coins. 

Fiji Club elaborately carved, also an Old English Tortoiseshell Ware 
Plate. 

Specimen of Swiss Pottery. 

Mediaeval Chart. 

Early English Wine Bottle, found at Great Meols. 

Liverpool Jug, with Masonic devices upon it. 

Ivory Tusk, West Africa. 

Liverpool Enamel, with printed portrait of William Pitt upon it. 

SheU Leglet. 

African Ivory Figure. 

Model of a Hand in Liverpool Pottery, also a Silver Medal of the 
Circus Street Schools, dated 1806. 

Club from New Caledonia. 

Group of Kylins in white porcelain. 

Pottery Medallion Portrait — "Miss Wedgwood." 

Silver Badge, probably that of the Liverpool Honourable Society of 
Bucks. 

Medal of the Liverpool Shipwreck and Humane Society. 

Polynesian Paddle. 

Seventh volume of the "Bilder Atlas." 

New Zealand War Medal, and a Medal for long service and good 
conduct. 

Three specimens of Early English Pottery. 
Group of Ethnographical Objects, from the South Seas. 
Liverpool Painted Jug, with a figure of Garrick in the character of 
Don John in the Chances. 

Small Woven Bag, Peruvian. 
East Indian Dagger. 



^5 



WALKER ART GALLERY. 

Since the date of the last report the Gallery has been open on 264 days 
and closed on 49 days for cleaning and the re-arrangement of the 
permanent pictures in the upper rooms. 

484,402 persons have visited the Gallery during the year, being a 
daily average of 1,834. 

This total includes 72,919 persons who visited the Autumn Exhibi- 
tion, and 6,870 pupils of schools of various denominations admitted 
gratuitously by invitation of the Committee. 

The Art Students who have the privilege of copying have availed 
themselves of this advantage to about the same extent as last year, the 
average attendance on the Student days being 14. 

A descriptive Catalogue of the Pictures in the Permanent Collection 
has been compiled by the Curator, with the sanction of the Com- 
mittee, and since its publication in July last 3,600 Copies have been 
disposed of. 

AUTUMN EXHIBITION OF PICTUKES. 

1881. 1880. 
Number of Pictures and other "Workg of 

Art exhibited 1,435 1,081 

Number of Pictures sold 315 ^'^ 

Amount realised by sales £12,210 11 £11,753 7 6 

Season Tickets 2,657 475 14 2,672 499 16 

Admissions at one shilling 28,695 1,434 15 28,991 1449 11 

Ditto sixpence 11,569 289 4 6 1C,969 274 4 6 

Ditto threepence 30,098 376 4 6 35,i98 439 19 6 

Catalogues sold 468 19 9 609 7 3 

Commission on sales 523 7 6 644 3 3 

Amount received exclusive of sales 3,044 17 9 3,172 18 3 

The following table will be read with interest by all concerned in the 
culture of Art : — 



26 





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27 

ADDITIONS TO THE PERMANENT COLLECTION. 
Purchased — 

Oil Painting : 

" Dante's Dream," by D. G. Rossetti. 

In Tempera : 

" Market Place, Verona," by John O'Connor. 

Water Colour : 

Landscape (Sunset), by John McDougaL 

WORKS PRESENTED. 
Oil Paintings — 

The " Shepherd of Jerusalem," by Phil, R. Morris, A.R.A. ; 
presented by Hy. Branston, Esq. 

"Boulders at Rest," by J. G. Naish ; presented by Philip 
Rathbone, Esq. 

Model of Windsor Castle, executed by Mr. Bellamy; presented by 
William Bennett, Esq. 



Signed on behalf of the Committee, 

J. A. PICTON, 

Chairman. 



l>il_ T'ill) 
15 JUL. 1898 



^ 



/'^<*)^K^^: 



^ 



i 



THIRTIETH 
ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY 



MUSEUM, 



WALKER ART GALLERY 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 




I 



LIVERPOOL : 
' I'KINTKI) BY HEXUY GREE.\W0OD, 32, C A ST LE ;ST REET 

1 R83. 



^^^' 



'^!^f^. 



THIRTIETH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



MUSEUM, 



WALKER ART GALLERY 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 





LIVERPOOL: 
PRINTED BY HENRY GREENWOOD, 32, CASTLE STREET, 

1883. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 
For the Years 1882.83, 



Committee. 

Sir JAMES ALLANSON PICTON, F.S.A., Chairman. 

Alderman EDWARD SAMUELSON, Deputy-Chairman. 

WILLIAM RADCLIFFE. Mayor, 



ANTHONY BOWER. 

CHARLES TRICKS BOWRING, 

STEWART HENRY BROWN. 

ANDREW COMMINS, LL.D., M.P. 

ROBERT GALLOWAY. 

S. LEIGH GREGSON. 

ROBERT HAMILTON. 

Rev. H. H. HIGGINS, M.A. 



ROBERT D. HOLT. 
WILLIAM J. LUNT. 
CHARLES McARDLE. 
JOSEPH MAYER, F.S.A. 
EDMUND K. MUSPRATT. 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE. 
THOMAS E. STEPHENS. 
WILLIAM J. STEWART. 



Alderman Sir A. B. WALKER. 

Chief Librarian. 
PETER COWELL. 

Sub- Librarian. 
THOMAS FORMBY. 

Cxi/rator of the Museum. 
THOMAS J. MOORE. 

Curator of the Mayer Museum. 
CHARLES T. GATTY. 



Curator of the Walker Art Oallery. 
CHARLES DYALL. 



REPORT. 



The particulars of each department will be found under their respective 
heads. It may be stated generally that the efficiency and interest of 
the institution continue to be fully maintained. 

The increased facilities afforded by the completion of the Eotunda 
Lecture Room have been availed of to a large extent, as is shown below, 
the numbers in attendance having been in many cases such as to crowd 
the building in an inconvenient manner. 

Encouraged by the popularity of these lectures, it has been determined 
by the Council, on the motion of Mr. Stewart, to provide courses of 
similar lectures in other parts of the City. For this purpose a grant 
has recently been made by the City Council. 

The building for the extension of the Walker Art Gallery has made 
considerable progress, and it is expected it will be ready for opening 
during the current year. 

Many visits by distinguished persons from abroad have been paid 
during the year, amongst which may be mentioned the Officers of the 
Indian Contingent and the Envoys from Madagascar. 

REFERENCE LIBRARY. 
Table I. — Showing the books issued during the year : — 

,, , Daily 

ClaaslflcaUon. Volumes. Average. 

Theology, Morals, &c 18,174 65 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 18,288 65 

Natural History ^'^^^ ^^ 

Science and the Arts 27,405 98 

History and Biography 24,230 86 

Topography and Antiquities 6,458 23 

Voyages and Travels 12,645 45 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected "Works, Maga- 
zines in Volumes, &c.) 118,523 422 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 4,372 16 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 3,238 12 

Education and Language -• 7,192 26 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 13,886 60 

ProseFiction 207,342 738 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 4,471 16 

Heraldry, Encyclopaedias, and Works of Reference 30,163 108 

Total 603,348 1,791 



PiCTON Keadixg Room. 

Classiflcation. This Year. Last Year. 

Theology, Morals, &c 18,174 18,072 

Natural Philosopliy, Astronomy, &c 18,288 17,308 

Natural History 6,961 6,499 

Science and the Arts , 27,405 28,581 

History and Biography 24,230 2i,o74 

Topography and Antiquities 6,458 6,244 

Voyages and Travels 12,645 11,754 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, Maga- 
zines in Volumes, &c.) 46,592 37,947 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 4,372 3,924 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 3,238 2,725 

Education and Language 7,192 6,000 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 13,886 12,916 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 4,471 4,214 

Heraldry, Encyclopsedias, and "Works of Reference 12,018 8,076 

Total 205,930 186,834 

Bbown Reading Room. 

Classification. This Year. Last Year. 

Illustrated Periodicals in Volumes 71,931 75,401 

Prose Fiction 207,342 231,834 

Directories 18,145 18,569 

Total 297,418 325,804 

Table II. — Showing the issues of Quarterly and Monthly Magazines : — • 

Classification. Magazines. Xye^e. 

Theology, Morals, &c 966 3 

Natural Philosophy, &c 615 2 

Natural History 652 2 

Science and the Arts 1,109 4 

Topography and Antiquities 479 2 

Voyages and Travels 216 1 

Miscellaneous Literature 74,975 267 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 426 2 

Education and Language 346 1 



Total 79,784 284 

Table III. — Showing the issue of Weekly Periodicals, &c. : — 

Classification. Periodicals. A^j^e 

Natural Philosophy, &c 2,750 10 

Natural History , 1 496 5 

Science and the Arts 6 733 24 

Miscellaneous Literature {principally illustrated and literary 

Periodicals) 199,233 709 

Law and Politics 787 3 

Commerce, Statistics, &c 797 3 

Total 211,796 754 



I 



503,348 


Last Year 512,638 


79,784 


64,789 


211,796 


„ 230,968 


16,129 


14,130 



5 

Total Patents for Inventions consulted, 16,129. Daily average, 57. 

Eecapitulation of Totals. 

Volumes of Books This Year 

Quarter! 3' and Monthly Magazines. . . „ 

Weekly Periodicals >• 

Patents Consulted » 

GrandTotal 811,057 828,525 

Table IV.— Showing the number and classification of works added 
during the year : — 

Classification. 

Theology, Morals, &c 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 

"Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principaUy collected Works, Maga- 

zines, &c. ) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics • • • • 

Commerce, Political Economy, &c 

Education and Language ' 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 

Heraldry, Encyclopaedias, and Works of Reference ■ 





Total No. in 


Ided. 


the Library. 


160 


6,140 


77 


1,817 


108 


4,275 


273 


9,078 


284 


10,204 


233 


3,915 


103 


4,415 


731 


16,870 


106 


6,403 


43 


930 


48 


1,296 


113 


3,391 


68 


5,411 


14 


689 


71 


2,428 



Total. 



a 432 77,362 



The following is the List of Magazines and Periodicals illustrating 
Tables II. and in. :— 



Quarterly. 

Annales des Sciences Naturelles 

Anthropological Journal 

Archseologia Cambrensis 

ArchaBological Journal 

British and Foreign Evangelical Review 

British Quarterly Review 

Calcutta Review 

Church Quarterly Review 

Dublin Review 

Edinburgh Review 

Grevillea 

Ibis 

Journal de Conchyliologie 

Journal fur Ornithologie 

Journal of Anatomy 

Journal of the British Archaeological 

Association 
Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society 
Journal of the Society of Antiquaries 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
London Quarterly Review 
Manchester Quarterly 
Mind 

Modern Review 
Navy List 

Numismatic Chronicle and Journal 
Popular Science Review 
Quarterly Journal of the Geological 

Society 
Quarterly Journal of Microscopical 

Science 
Quarterly Review 
Revue Celtique 
Revue et Magasin de Zoologie 
Stray Feathers 
Sunday Review 
Traethodydd 
Westminster Review 
Zeitschrift fur deutsche Philologie 
Zeitschrift fur Ethnologic 

Monthly. 

All the Year Round 

American Naturalist 

Annals and Magazine of Natural History 

Antiquary 

Argosy 

Army List 

Art Journal 

Atlantic Monthly 

Band of Hope Review 

Banker's Magazine 

Beiblatter der Physik 

Belgravia 

Bibliographer 

Biblioth^que Universelle 

Biograph 

Blackwood's Magazine 

British Temperance Advocate 



Cambridge Examiner 

Cassell's Magazine 

Catholic Presbyterian 

Century Magazine 

Chambers's Journal 

China Review 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Chiirch Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

Church Standard 

Clergyman's Magazine 

Congregational Magazine 

Congregationalist 

Contemporary Review 

Cornhill Magazine 

Daheim 

Day of Days 

Dietetic Reformer 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Educational Times 

Englishwoman's Review 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Florist and Pomologist 

Fortnightly Review 

Eraser's Magazine 

Gazette Arch6ologique 

Gazette des Beaux -Arts 

Gartenlaube 

Gentleman's Magazine 

Geological Magazine 

Good Words 

Hand and Heart 

Harper's INIagazine 

Home Words 

Homceopathic World 

Indian Antiquary 

International Review 

Inventors' Record 

Irish Temperance Banner 

Journal of Conchology 

Journal of the Chemical Society 

Journal of Horticulture 

Journal of Science 

Leisure Hour 

Library Journal 

Liverpool Diocesan Gazette 

Livre, Le 

London Society 

Macmillan's Magazine 

Magazine of Art 

Mineralogical Magazine 

Month 

Musical Times 

Nautical Magazine 

New Church Magazine 

Nineteenth Century 

North American Review 

Orchestra 

Palatine Note-Book 

Petermann'a Mittheilungen 



Monthly — Contintced. 

Portfolio 

Printer's Register 

Printing Times 

Quiver 

Railway Guide 

Revue Arcli^ologique 

Revue Britannique 

Revue Chr^tienne 

Royal Astronomical Society's Monthly 

Notices 
Royal Geographical Society's Journal 
Sanitary Engineering 
Science Gossip 
Shorthand Magazine 
Sunday at Home 
Sunday Magazine 
Temple Bar 
Theatre 

Tinsley's Magazine 
Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 
Truthseeker 

United Service Magazine 
Western Antiquary 
Women's Suffrage Journal 
Yachting Magazine 
Zoologist 
Zoophilist 

FoitTNIGHTLY. 

Annalen der Physik 

British and Colonial Printer and Stationer 

Dingler's Polytechnisches Journal 

Gazette des Architectes 

Interm6diaire 

Liebig's Annalen der Chemie 

Revue des Deux Mondes 

Unsere Zeit 

Weekly. 

Academy 

American Settler 

Anglo-American Times 

Architect 

Athenteum 

British Architect 

Broad Arrow 

Builder 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 

Building News 

Cambridge University Reporter 

Chemical News 

Christian Commonwealth 

Church of England Temperance Chronicle 

Chronique des Arts 



Weekly — Continued. 

Civilian 

Colonies 

Comptes Rendus 

Draper 

Economist 

Electrical Review 

Electrician 

Engineer 

Engineering 

English Mechanic 

Era 

Estates Gazette 

Field 

Fun 

Gardeners' Chronicle 

Graphic 

Illustrated London News 

Iron 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 

Jewish Chronicle 

Journal of Gas Lighting, &c. 

Journal of the Society of Arts 

Journal of the Vigilance Association 

Judy 

Knowledge 

Lancet 

Land and Water 

Lantern 

Law Times 

Liberal Review 

Local Government Chronicle 

London Gazette 

Mining Journal 

Musical and Dramatic World 

Nature 

Naval and Military Gazette 

Notes and Queries 

Oxford University Gazette 

Pharmaceutical Journal 

Pictorial World 

Porcupine 

Public Opinion 

Punch 

Railway Journal 

Railway Review 

Saturday Review 

Scientific American 

Spectator 

Sydney Mail 

Temperance Record 

Truth 

Volunteer Service Gazette 

Vanity Fair 

Weekly Notes 

World 



8 



DONATIONS 



The following donations have been received during the year : — 



Aberdeen Mechanics' Institution : — 
Eeport, 1881-2. 

AuDSLEY, W. and G. (the Authors) :— 
Outlines of Ornament in the Leading 
Styles. 

Bainbridge, R. B, Royal Court 
Theatre, Liverpool:— Playbills, &c., 
1882. 

Barrow-in-Furness Free Public 
Library: — Catalogue, compiled by 
John Frowde, Librarian ; Juvenile 
Catalogue ; The Free Library and its 
Catalogue : a Lecture by Rev. J. 
Macmillan. 

Bartlett, William (the Compiler):— 
Catalogue of a Collection of Old Wedge- 
wood VVare. 

Bell, H. T. Mackenzie (the Author) :— 
Verses of Varied Life (2 Copies). 

Beloe, C. H.:— Annual Report of the 
United States Life Saving Service, 
188). 

Biggs, Mrs. :— Vivisections, by W. G. 
Giinson, M.D. (4 Copies); Vivisection, 
by George Macilwain ; and other 
papers ou Vivisection. 

Birkenhead Literary and Scientific 
Society:— Report, 1881-2. 

Birmingham Free Public Library: — 
Birmingham Books in the Reference 
Department, 1881. 

Boston (U.S.A.) Athen^um Library: — 
Catalogue, 1807-71, Compiled by C. A. 
Cutter (pp. 3005 to end). 

Boston (U. S. A.) Public Libary :— 
Bulletins, Nos. 60-6.S. 

Boult, Joseph.— TheSecurity of English- 
men's Lives, by John L. Somers. 

Bowes, James L. (the Author) :— Japanese 
Marks and Seals. 

Bradshaw, Henry (the Author): — 
Notice of a Fragment of the Fifteen 
Oes and other Prayers, printed by 
Caxton : The Skeleton of Chaucer's 
Canterbury Tales ; The University 
Library, Cambridge ; Address at the 
Opening of the 5th Meeting of the 
Library Association, Cambridge, Sept., 
1882. 

British Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science : — Report, York 
Meeting, 1881. 

British Museum Trustees :— Catalogue 
of Printed Books, 27 Parts ; Facsimile 
of the Codex Alexandrinus : New 
Testament and Clementine Epistles ; 
Catalogue of Ancient MSS. Pt. 1, 
Greek ; Catalogue of the MSS. in the 
Spanish Language, Vol. 3 ; Catalogue 
of Birds, Vol. 6; Catalogue of the 
Batrachia SaUentia; Catalogue of the 



Fossil Foraminifera ; Catalogue of 
Oriental Coins, Vol. 7 ; Prints and 
Drawings, Pt. 1, Italian Prints ; List 
of Hymenoptera, Vol. 1. 

Castellain, Alfred, J. P. — Journal of 
the Royal Agricultural Society, Vol. 18, 
Pt. 2. 

Chamberlin, T. C, Chief Geologist, 
Wisconsin : — Geology of Wisconsin. 
Survey, 1873-9, Vol. 3 and Atlas. 

Cincinnati Public Library: — Bulletin, 
1881. 

Clarke, Hyde (the Author) : — Early His- 
tory of the Mediterranean Populations. 

Cobden Club:— The A B C of Free 
Trade, by E. N. Buxton (12 Copies) ; 
England under Free Trade, by G. W. 
Medley ; Financial Reform Almanac, 
1882 (12 Copies); Free Trade v. Fair 
Trade, by T. H. Farrer (40 Copies); 
Life of Richard Cobdeu, by John 
Morley (3 Copies); Pleas for Protection 
Examined, by A. Mongredien (100 
Copies); Local Government and Taxa- 
tion : Essays (3 Copies) ; Popular 
Fallacies regarding Trade and Foreign 
Duties, by E. R.. Pearce (6 Copies); 
Transfer of Land by Registration, by 
Sir R. Torrens (6 Copies). 

Constantine, Jo.seph (the Author):— 
Practical Ventilation and Warming 
(3 Copies). 

Cornell University (U. S. A.): — 
Library Catalogue, Vol. 1, No. 3. 

Donaldson, James (the Author):— Prac- 
tical Guide to the Use of Marine 
Steam Machinery. 

Elcho, Lord, M. P. (present Earl of We- 
myss) : — Self-Help v. State-Help. 

Emery, Frank, Prince of Wales 
Theatre, Liverpool : — Playbills, &c., 
1882. 

Entwistle, Peter: — Abridgment of the 
History of England, by Dr. Goldsmith. 

Evans, Hugh: — The Latin Prayer-Book 
of Charles II., by C. and W. W. 
Marshall. 

Financial Reform Association, Liver- 
pool : — Financial Reform Almanack, 
1882 ; Financial Reform Tracts. 

Fine Art Society, London:— Notes on 
Exhibitions held by the Fine Art 
Society. 

FoRwooD, W. B., J. P. : — Memorial 
Volume of the Royal Visit to Liver- 
pool, September, 1881. 

Fox, Charles (the Author):- The Salva- 
tion Armyists no Quakers. 

Eraser, James:— Surveyors' Reports of 
Township Surveys in Manitoba, &c., 
with Maps. 



T 



DON ATIONS— (C'c-n<JWM€rf. ) 



Gatty, C. T., F.S.A. (the Author):— The 
Liverpool Potteries. 

GiLLMoRE, Henry C. :— Liverpool Mer- 
cantile Gazette and Myers' Weekly 
Advertizer, 15 Vols. 

Glasgow, Stirling's Public Library: — 
Supplementary Catalogue, 1871-81. 

GovER, Key. William, M.A. (the 
Author): — Proposals for the Revision 
of the Education Code of 1881. 

Grannell, Dennis, Rotunda Theatre, 
Liverpool:— Playbills, &c., 1882. 

Green, ti. S., Wokoester, Mass.: — 
James A. Garfield: Eulogy, by Hon. 
G. F. Hoar. 

Greig, Major J. J., C.B.: — The Lock- 
hart Papers, 2 Vols. ; Camden's Im- 
perial History of England, 2 Vols. ; and 
45 other volumes. 

Grey, Henry (the Author): — A Key to 
all the VVaverley Novels. 

Grimaldi, Rev. A.B. : — Standard of 
Israel, 2 vols. ; Miscellaneous Writings 
of Stacey Grimaldi, .3 vols. ; Catalogue 
of Paintings, &c., by W. Grimaldi; 
Glover's Harbours of Refuge ; Wilson's 
Mission of Elijah ; and other Papers. 

Guthrie, Malcolm (the Author) :— On 
Mr. Spencer's Unification of Knowledge. 

Hallam, John (the Author) : — Notes on 
Free Libraries and Books, &c. 

Hartnup, John (the Author) : — Report 
of the Astronomer to the Mersey Docks 
and Harbour Board, 1875-8. 

HarvardCollege.CambridgeTT S. A. : — 
Library Bulletins, Nos. 21-23; Memoirs 
of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
Vol. 7, No. 2, Pt. 2 ; Bulletins of the 
Museum of Comparative Zoology, Vol. 
6, Pt. 2, No. 12, Vol. 9, Nos. 6-8; 
Annual Report of the Curator, 1880-1 ; 
4tb Report of the Librarian, 1881. 

HiBBERT, James (the Editor) : — Brief 
Inquiry concerning Human Knowledge 
and Belief (2 copies). 

HiGGiNS, W. H., M.B. (the Author) :— 
Niunes of the Stars and Constellations. 

Historic Society of Lancashire and 
Cheshire : — Transactions, Vul 33. 

Hodges, Figgis & Co, (the Publishers) :— 
Dublin University Calendar, 1882, and 
Examination Papers, 2 Vols. 

Howard Association : — Report, 1881 ; 
Vagrancy and Mendicancy : a Report ; 
The Boarding-Out System. 

Hughes John L. (the Author) : — Dry- 
Plate Pliotography. 

Incorporated Law Society :— Calendar, 
1882. 

India, The Rt. Hon. the Secretary of 
State for : — Sacred Books of the East, 
ed. by F. Max Muller, Vols. 8, 12, 13, 
and 16. 



Institute of Civil Engineers: — Minutes 
of Proceedings, Vols. G7-70 

Institution of Mechanical Engineers: 
— Proceedings, 1881-2. 

Jackson, Luis (tlie Author) :— Relton 
Reggs, the Protectionist ; New Political 
Economy (2 copies) ; The Big Mississippi 
Melon (3 copies) ; The Protectionist and 
Political Review, Nos. 1-4 (5 copies.) 

Jepson, a. O. & Co. (the Publishers): — 
Mercantile Directory & Manufacturers' 
Guide, 1882. 

Jesse, George R. (the Author) :- Violation- 
ism ; Correspondence with Professor 
Owen on John Hunter, &c. ; Corres- 
pondence with Charles Darwin on 
Experimenting on Living Animals ; 
Evidence given before the Royal Com- 
mission on Vivisection. 

Kendrick, J.W. (the Author): — Stomach 
Worship : a Growl from a, Vegetarian. 

Lach-Szyma, Rev. W. S. (the Author) : — 
M. Sebillot's System as applied to 
Cornish Folk-Lore. 

Laird, Edgerton K. (the Author) : — 
Incidents of Travel in South Africa. 

Lancashire and Cheshire Entomolo- 
gical Society : — 5th Annual Report. 

Lawrence, Mrs. : — Poems, by W. S. 
Roscoe ; Cameos from the Antique, by 
Mrs. Lawrence ; The Poetical Primer, 
by Mrs. Lawrence ; Scriptural and 
Historical Pictures, by Mrs. Lawrence. 

Leete, Joseph: — The Family of Leete, by 
C. Bridger. 

Library Reports from the following 
Libraries : — Birkenhead ; Birmingham 
Free Libraries; Birmingham Library; 
Blackpool; Bolton; Boston, U.S.A.; 
Bridgeport, Conn, U.S.A. ; Brighton; 
Cambridge; Cardiff; Chester; Chicago, 
U.S.A. ; Cincinnati, U.S.A. ; Clitheroe; 
Copenhagen Royal Library ; Derby ; 
Doncaster; Dundalk ; Dundee; Exeter; 
Germantown Friends', U.S A. ; Glasgow, 
Mitchell Library ; Glasgow, Stirling's 
Library ; Leamington ; Leeds ; Man- 
chester ; Middlesborough ; New York 
Astor ; New York Mercantile ; New 
York State ; Newcastle-upon-Tyne ; 
Newton, Mass., U.S.A.; Norwich; Phi- 
ladelphia Mercantile; Plymouth;" Pres- 
ton; Richmond; Rochdale; Rotherham; 
Salford ; San Francisco Mercantile ; 
Sheffield ; South Shields ; Southport ; 
Sunderland ; Swansea ; Sydney ; 
Victoria ; Walsall ; West Bromwich , 
Westminster ; Wigan ; Wolverhampton; 
Worcester, Mass. U.S.A. 

Liverpool Chemists' Association : — 
Transactions, 1853-82. 

Liverpool Geological Association: — 
Transactions, 1880-2; Ann. Beport,1882. 



10 



DOKATIOl^S— (Continued. ) 



Liverpool Institute : — Fifty-seventh 
Annual Report ; Pennant's Tour in 
Scotland; Aiken's Description of Man- 
chester; Foot's Life of Arthur Murphy; 
and 9 other volumes. 
Liverpool Institutions, &c.: — Reports 
have been received from the following: 
— Auxiliary to the Army Scripture 
Readers' Society ; Auxiliary Bible 
Society ; Blue Coat Hospital; Catholic 
Reformatory Association; Clerks' As- 
sociation; Engineering Society; Horti- 
cultural Association ; Juvenile Re- 
formatory Association ; Royal Society 
for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals ; 
Shipwreck and Humane Society; Train- 
ing Ship "Indefatigable." 

Liverpool Literary and Philosophical 
SociETV: —Proceedings, Vol. 35. 

Liverpool Medical Institution : — 
Liverpool Medico-Chirurgical Journal, 
Nos. 2 and 3. 

Liverpool Mercantile MarineService 
Association: — Reporter, 1881, and 
Jan.-Aug., 1882; Report, 1882. 

Liverpool Naturalists' Field Club:^ 
Proceedings, 1881-2. 

Liverpool Philomathic Society : — 
Proceedings, 1881-2. 

Loughborough, J. N. : — History of the 
Sabbath, by J. N. Andrews; Harmony 
of Science and the Bible, by J. H. 
Kellogg, M.D. 

McGovERN, John (the Author) :— A 
Pastoral Poem and other Pieces. 

Manchester Geological Society : — 
Transactions, Vol. 16, Pts. 11-18, Vol. 
17, Pts. 1-2. 

Manchester Mechanics' Institution: — 
Fifty-eighth Annual Report. 

Manchester National Society for 
Women s' Suffrage : — Fifteenth An- 
nual Pteport. 

Manchester Public Free Library: — 
Catalogue of Books in the Reference 
Library, Vol. 2, 1864-79, with Index, 
3 Vols. 

Manchester Statistical Society: — 
Transactions, 1881-2. 

Marr.\t, F. p.: — Entomologia Carnio- 
lica Giovanni A. Scopoli. 

Marsden & Co. (the Publishers): — Anglo- 
Indian and American Traders' Journal. 

Martin, John: — Diary of the Mission of 
James Johnston. 

Marples, Josiah: — Some Notes on the 
Last Months of the Life of Mary, 
Queen of Scots. 

Mason, THOMAS:^Letter Addressed to 
Mr. Henry Price, by John Stewart. 

Melbourne Public Library: — List of 
Newspapers, &c 

MoLiNEUX, Gisborne (the Author) : 
Memoirs of the ISIoliueux Family. 



MoRLEY, Frederick (the Compiler) : — 
Michigan and its Resources. 

MuLLiNS, J. D. : — Seven Local Pamphlets. 

Natal Government Emigration 
Agency': — Report upon the Coal Fields 
of Klip River, *c., Natal by F. W 
North, F.G.S. ; Natal Almanac, &c., 
1882. 

National Association for the Pro- 
motion OF Social Science:— Transact 
tions, Dublin Meeting, 1881. 

National Society for Womens' 
Suffrage: — Report, 1882 ; Observa- 
tions on Womens' Suffrage, by Viscount 
Harberton ; Womens' Suffrage in 
Wyoming, by J. W. Hoyt. 

New South Wales, Agent-General 
FOR: — Ways and Means, New South 
Wales, 1881 ; New South Wales in 
1881; The Technical or Working Mens' 
College, Sydney. 

New York State Museum of Natural 
History': — 30th and 31st Annual Re- 
ports ; Descriptions of Bryozoa and 
Corals of the Lower Helderberg Group, 
by James Hall (2 Editions). 

Nickels, John T. & Co :— Liverpool Bill 
of Entry, 1841-80 (40 Vols). 

North, F. W., F.G.S. (the Author) :— 
Report upon the Coal Fields of Klip 
Kiver, &c.. Natal. 

Norwegian Government : — Norwegian 
North Atlantic Expedition, 1876-78, 
Pts. 4-7. 

Norwegischen Commlssion der EuROPa- 
iscHEN Gradmessung : — Geodatische 
Arbeiten, Hefte 1-3 ; Vandstandobser- 
vationer. Heft 1. 

Packard, Hon. S. B., U.S. Consul, 
Liverpool : — Reports from the Consuls 
of the United States on the Commerce, 
&c., of their Consular Districts, Nos. 
12-22. 

Palmer, Ellen (the Author): — The 
Temptation of Job. 

Pannell, Mrs. : — Acts of Parliament of 
the Reign of William III. 

Patents, The Commissioners of: — 
Specifications of Patents, 1880-81 ; 
Abridgements, 1881-2; Catalogue of 
the Library of the Patent Office ; Sub- 
ject- Matter Index of Patents, 1880 ; 
Alphabetical Index of Patents, 1881. 

Paton, Allan P. (the Editor) :— The 
Hamnet Shakspere, Pts. 6 and 7. 

Philadelphia Academy of Natural 
Sciences:— Proceedings, 1880 and 1881. 

PiCTON, Sir J. A : — Topographical De- 
scription of Cumberland, &c., by John 
Housman ; Liverpool Magazine, 1816 ; 
The "Missing Link" Discovered, by 
A. M. Berean ; Success in Life, by Sir 
J. A. Picton. 

PiTiMAN, Isaac : — Phonetic Journal, 1881 



11 



DONATIONS— (ConiiWMfic?. ) 



Plaxt, Jony :— The First Charter of Sal- 
ford, by J. E. Bailey ; Transcript and 
Translation of the Salford Charter. 

PLYMonTH Free Library : — Index- 
Catalogue of the Lending Department. 

Poole, W. F. (the Author) :— Report on 

the Progress of Library Architecture ; 

■ The Construction of Library Buildings. 

QuARiTCH, Bernard (the Compiler and 
Publisher) : — Catalogue of Periodical 
Literature, &c., 1SS2. 

Rathbone, William, ALP. : — Local Gov- 
ernment. Memoranda, 2 Pts. ; The 
Increased Earnings of the Working 
Classes : a Speech, by W. Rathbone. 
M.P. 

Reade, T. Mellard, C.E. (the Author): 
— The Relations of the Glacial Deposits 
of the Clyde and Forth, &c. Rivers. 

RiCH.ARDSON, William (the Author) : — 
Lays of Ancient Greece and Rome ; 
Alma Mater, and other Poems. 

Rio de Janeiro National Library (per 
P. H. Rathbone, J.P.) :— Catalogo do 
expo&icao de Historia do Brazil. 

RoBsON, Richard : — Sundry Reports of 
various Charitable Institutions of Liver- 
pool. 

Rochdale Free Public Library :— 
Catalogue of the Lending Department. 

RoLLiT, A.K., LL.D. (the Author) : — 
The Need of a Public Library for Hull. 

Royal Astronomical Society : — Me- 
moirs, Vol. 46 ; Monthly Notices, 1882. 

Royal Colonial Institute :^Proceed- 
ings. Vol. 13. 

Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society: 
— Forty-Ninth Annual Report. 

Royal Dublin Society : — Scientific 
Transactions, Vol. 1, Series 2, Pts. 13 
and 14 ; Scientific Proceedings, New- 
Series, Vol. 2, Pt. 7 ; Vol. 3, Pts. 1-4. 

Royal In-stitute of British Architects: 
— Transactions, 1881-2 ; Proceedings, 
1881-2 ; List of Members, 1882-3. 

Royal Society of London: — Philo- 
sophical Transactions, Vol. 172, Pts. 
2 aud 3, and Vol. 173, Pt. 1 ; List of 
Members. 

Royal Society of Victoria : — Transac- 
tions, Vol. 18. 

Saker, Edward, Alexandra Theatre, 
Liverpool. — Playbills, &c., 1882. 

Samuelson, J.AMES : — Histoire, Politique 
et Sociale, des Principautes Danu- 
biennes, par E. Regnault; LaRoumanie, 
par A. Beaure et H. Matherel ; Notice 
sur la Roumanie, par P. S. Aureliano ; 
Romanische Studien, von R. Roesler ; 
Rumanien : Land und Volk, von Rudolf 
Henke ; With the Armies of the Bal- 
kans, by Lieut. -Col. Fife-Cookson ; and 
eleven other Volumes on Roumania. 



Sharpe, William, M.D. (the Author): — 
Alcohol (2 Editions). 

Sheffield Free Public Library : — 
Catalogue of the Central Lending De- 
partment. 

Sherlock, Frederick (the Author): — 
Joseph Livesey : a Life Story (6 Copies). 

Sinclair, Alexander: — Centenary of the 
"Glasgow Herald." 

Smeal, Robert (the Publisher):— Jour- 
nal of John Woolman. 

Smith, Walter (the Author): — Popular 
Industrial Art Education, &c. 

Smithsonian Institution, U. S. A. : — 
Report of the Bureau of Ethnology, 
&c., 1879-80; Annual Report, 1880; 
List of Foreign Correspondents, Jan., 
1882. 

Society of Antiquaries of Scotland: 
—Proceedings, 1880-1. 

Society of Engineers : — Transactions, 
1881. 

South Australian Institute: — Annual 
Report, 1881-2. 

Spratt, Vice- Admiral T. A. B., C.B. 
(the Author) : — Report on the Present 
State of the Navigation of the River 
Mersey, 1881 (6 Copies). 

Stocker, J. R., M.B. (the Author): — 
On Sea Sickness. 

Stretton, Clement E. (the Author): — 
A Few Remarks on Railway Accidents. 

Sutton, C. W. :— Lecture on Secular 
Business, by H. Grifiiths; The Saviour's 
Grace and Truth, by Rev. R. Tweddell ; 
Matilda di Shabran and Corrodino: an 
Opera (the words). 

Swansea Corporation: — Charters 
granted to Swansea, Translated, Illus- 
trated, and Edited by G. G. Francis, 
F.S.A. 

Taylor, J. Stopford, M.D. (the Author): 
— Report on the Health of Liverpool, 
1881 (2 Copies). 

Thornely, James: — Shareholders' Certi- 
ficate of the Herculaneum Pottery 
Company, Liverpool. 

Thrupp, G. a. (the Author) : — His- 
tory of the Art of Coachbuilding (2 
Copies). 

TiNNE, John A., J.P. : — A collection of 
29 Water-Colour Drawings of Views of 
Old Liverpool ; Illustrated London 
News, 2 Vols., 1881. 

TiRERUCK, William (the Author) : — 
Dante Gabriel Rossetti. 

United States Government : — United 
States Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1878; 
United States Astronomical, &c., 
Observations, 1877 ; Instructions for 
Observing the Transit of Venus, 1882 ; 
United States Geographical Surveys, 
Vol. 7. 



12 



DONATIONS— Continued. 



Vacher, Fraxcis (the Author): — Re- 
ports on the Sanitary Condition of 
Birkenhead, 1880 and 1881 ; The 
Transmission of Disease by Milk; The 
Transmission of Disease by Food ; What 
Diseases are Communicated to Man 
from Diseased Animals used as Food ? 
Health and Cleanliness : an Address ; 
Sanitation at Boston, U. S. A.; Sani- 
tation in Massachusetts. 

Vigilance Association: — Eleventh An- 
nual Report. 

Wales, University College of : — 
Calendar, 1882-3. 

Walmsley, G. G. : — Sundry Liverpool 
Pamphlets. 



Watheeston, E. J. (the Author): — 
Indian and other Foreign Productions 
in SQver (4 Copies) ; Our Iron High- 
ways (2 Copies). 

Wesleyan Conference Office : — 
^Minutes of the Wesleyan Conference, 
Birmingham, 1879. 

Woecf,ster, Mass., U.S.A., Public 
LiBR.ARY: — Rules, Documents, &c. 

Yarker, John (the Compiler) : — Gene- 
alogy of the Surname Yarker. 

Zoological Society of London: — Trans- 
actions, Vol. 11, Pts. 6 and 7; General 
Index to Transactions, Vols. 1-10 ; 
Proceedings, 1881, Pt. 4, 1882, Pts. 1-3; 
Index to Proceedings, 1871-80; List of 
Fellows, 1882. 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, &c., have been presented 
regularly by the Publishers : — 



American Settler 

Anglo-American Times 

Birmingham and Sheffield Hardware 

Circular 
Bootle Times 

British and Colonial Printer and Stationer 
British Mercantile Gazette 
British Temperance Advocate 
Builders' Weekly Reporter 
Cambridge Examiner 
Catholic Times 
Christian Commonwealth 
Church of England Temperance Chronicle 
Church Missionary Gleaner 
Church Missionarj- Intelligencer 
Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 
Church Standard 
Clergyman's Magazine 
Colonies 

Congregationalist 
Day of Days 
Dietetic Reformer 
Draper 

Ecclesiastical Observer 
Electrical Review 
Englishwoman's Re^dew 
Estates Gazette 
Financial Reformer 
Fireside 
Home Words 
Homoeopathic World 
Insurance Gazette of Ireland 
Insurance Times, Xew York 
Inventors' Record 
Irish Temperance Banner 



Iron and Coal Trades Review 

Journal of Dramatic Reform 

Journal of the Statistical Society 

Journal of the Vigilance Association 

£. s. d. 

Latest News 

Liverpool Albion and Telephone 

,, Courier 
Echo 

,, Express 

, , Journal 

, , Lantern 

,, Liberal Review 

, , Mercury 

,, North End Times 

,, Porcupine 
Post 
Musical and Dramatic World 
Musical Education 
Naval and Military Gazette 
New Church Magazine 
Newcastle Chronicle 
North Times 
Preston Herald 
Railway Review 
Sunday Review 
Syndey 'Mail 
Temperance Record 
Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 
Waterloo Times 

West Derby and Wavertree Times 
West Riding Machinery Mart 
AVomen's Suffrage Journal 
Zoophilist 



13 



LENDING LIBRARIES. 

Table I. — General Statistics : — 



Volumes lent 

Tickets issued to New Beaders. . 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Total No. of readers on the books 
Books lost or injured, and paid for 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn. . 
Volumes worn out — replaced .... 

New volumes added 

Total No. of vols, in the Libraries 





This Year. 






Last Year. 




North 


South 




North 


South 




Library. 


Library. 


Total. 


Library. 


Library. 


Total. 


*189,102 


204,789 


393,891 


222,212 


200,839 


423,051 


2,325 


2,383 


4,708 


2,278 


2.417 


4,695 


2,161 


2,0;-) 9 


4,220 


2,496 


2,209 


4,795 


2,513 


2,574 


5,087 


2,719 


2,683 


6,402 


4,459 


4,514 


8,973 


4,647 


4,705 


9,352 


34 


29 


63 


47 


37 


84 


11 





11 


— 


— 


— 


696 


483 


1,078 


228 


239 


467 


672 


380 


952 


700 


611 


1,311 


657 


515 


1,172 


607 


554 


1,161 


21,965 


22,391 


44,356 


21,717 


22,262 


43,971 



• This Library was closed for Stocktaking, Painting, &c., from July 10th to 24th. 

Table IL — Showing the Classification of Volumes Lent and Added :- 



Theology, Moral Philosophy, &c. 
Nat. Philosophy and Mathematics 

Natural History , 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities . 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature . . . 
Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce and Political Economy 
Education, Logic, and Languages 

Poetry and the Drama 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics . . . 
Books for the Blind 



Volumes Lent. 



North South 

Library. Library. 



3,418 
2,845 
1,856 
6,757 
7,985 

893 
4,668 
11,333 

331 

660 

1,871 

1,238 

144,956 

248 
43 



3,668 

3,248 

2,325 

7,991 

9,400 

1,104 

4,953 

12,416 

362 

53G 

1,340 

2,218 

154,680 

324 

227 



Total. 



7,086 

6,093 

4,181 

14,748 

17,385 

1,997 

9,621 

23,749 

693 

1,193 

3,211 

3,456 

299,636 

672 

270 



Total 189,102 j 204,789 393,891 



Volumes Added. 



North South _ 
Library. Library. Total. 



31 

13 

12 

36 

62 

10 

23 

89 

2 

6 

7 

16 

361 



16 

14 

11 

37 

52 

3 

19 

103 

2 

4 

5 

18 

231 



657 



515 



46 
27 
23 
72 

104 
13 
42 

192 
4 
10 
12 
34 

592 



1172 



MUSEUM. 



The Visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows : — 

1882. 1881. 

213 Days. 215 Days. 

Total Visitors in the year 391,237 422,326» 

Weekly average 7,523 8,121 

Daily average 1,836 1,964 

The 18th of October, 1882, was the 21st anniversary of the opening 
of the Museum in the present building. 

The total number of Visitors during that time amounts to 9,079,175, 
giving a yearly average of 432,341. 

• The number of Visitors in 1881 was greatly augmented by the Exhibition for several 
days of the objects presented by the Corporation and the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board 
to the Prince and Princess of Wales. The persons admitted on these days were 26,288 in 
exccbs of the numbers on the same days in 1882. 



14 

DONATIONS. 

Four fine specimens of Funiculina quadrangularis , an elongated 
Coralline allied to the Sea Pens, dredged in 16 fathoms on the West 
Coast of Scotland in September, 1882, and presented by Mr. Francis 
Archer. 

A remarkably fine Crinoid, probably undescribed ; several collections 
of Corallines, including a fine specimen of Melithcea ochracea; specimens 
of Sponges and of soft-bodied Echinoderms, specimens of Lepads, 
Ascidians, Actinm, Annelids, and 80 specimens of Fish, collected at 
Singapore specially for the Museum, and presented by Surgeon-Major 
S. Archer, A.M.D. 

The upper Jaw, with Tusks and Teeth, of a Walrus from the North 
Pacific ; presented by Mr. John Thompson Bouch, per Captain J. H. 
Mortimer. 

Specimens of Land and Freshwater Shells from Monte Video, and 
Marine Shells from Maldonado ; presented by Mr. John F. Bourse, 
Monte Video, per Mr. P. H. Rathbone. 

A collection of Eggs from the Falkland Islands (Gentoo Penguin, 
Steamer Duck, &c.) ; presented by Major H. Cautley, R,E. 

Sixteen specimens of 10 species of Insects, including an Australian 
Wood Moth {Xylocanthir staceyi, Scott), and other rarities; 8 specimens 
of 5 species of Shells, 1 Sponge, and 2 colonies of large Hydractinia ; 
presented by Mr, R. Choimondeley, per the Rev. H. H. Higgins. 

Specimens of 115 species of Land, Freshwater, and Marine Shells, 
and 20 Fossils, chiefly from Minorca ; presented by M. Cardona, Port 
Mahon, per Mr. Frederick W. Earle, in exchange. 

Skeletons and Bones of Bear, Dog, and other Vertebrates ; from the 
Liverpool College, in exchange. 

Thirty Insects (Bees, Beetles, &c.) and five Shells {Ampidlaria 
immersa, Ampidlaria roissyi, and Anodonta), from North Santa Fe, 
Parana River ; collected and presented by Mr. B. Cooke, Jun. 

A collection of Fossil Remains of Glyptodon and other extinct Mam- 
mals, chiefly collected in the district of Frey Bentos, Banda Oriental ; 
presented by Mr. Ch. Croker, Frey Bentos, per Mr. P. H. Rathbone. 

Four small Ammonites and four Fossil Shells from Copiapo ; collected 
and presented by Mr. J. Dennick. 



15 

Specimens of Twaite Shad, Alosa finta, from Pwllheli ; presented by 
Messrs. Duncan. 

A collection of Shells and other specimens, chiefly Marine, obtained 
during a cruise to the Mediterranean, October, 1881, to June, 1882, 
principally from Minorca, Majorca, Corfu, Algiers, and Coast of Spain, 
including a group of Toilet and Bath Sponges attached to rock ; a large 
specimen of Pinna, with other shells growing thereon ; two specimens 
of coral, Cladocera cespitosa, from Corfu, and two specimens of silicified 
Palm from the " Petrified Forest," Cairo, collected and presented by Mr. 
F. W. Earle. 

The Stem of a Gigantic Sea-Pen of the Family Pennatulidce, 
measuring 6 feet in length when unbroken, brought from Newfoundland ; 
and the Spine of a Shark ; presented by Mr. George Eyre Evans. 

An Ichneumon Fly from the top of Carnedd Dafydd, North Wales ; 
collected and presented by Mr. Willoughby Gardner. 

A Willow Wren from Knowsley ; presented by Mr. G. D. Hale. 

A large Ammonite twelve inches in diameter, and presenting special 
structural features of interest, from the Lower Chalk, near Turvey, 
Bedfordshire ; presented by Mr. Hipwell, per the Kev. H. H. Higgins. 

Specimens of Variegated Sole, Scald Fish, Boar Fish, &c., from 
Brixham ; presented by the Rev. W. Houghton. 

A Collection of Marine Specimens obtained on a voyage from Chili, 
including specimens and nests of the Fishing Frog ; Rock Specimens 
from Chili ; a Shearwater, Puffinus, and the Head of a Sooty Albatros, 
Diomedeafuliginosa; collected and presented by Capt. S. Griffith Jones, 
Barque " Hermine." 

Four specimens of Two Species of Fossil Shells, Bellerophon urii and 
Bellerophon decussatus, from the Carboniferous Limestone, Carluke, N.B. ; 
presented by Mr. J. W. Kirby, per the Rev. H. H. Higgins. 

Two Bats and twenty-five Bird Skins from Cape Coast Castle ; pre- 
sented by Mr. James Latham. 

A Cobra da Capello, Naja tripudians, six feet in length, from Calcutta ; 
presented by Captain T. C. M'Pherson. 

Specimens of Fossil Fish, from Scotland ; presented by Mr. Richard 
p. Mabin, in exchange. 



16 

Two sections from the Stem of a recent Tree Fern, found growing in 
a running stream of muddy water, near Melbourne, Australia, 1870 ; 
presented by Mr. R. W. Manning. 

Two species of Freshwater Sponge, Spongilla (Meyenia) asperrima, 
and Carterella tubisperma, from Niagara River; presented by Mr. Henry 
Mills, per Mr. H. J. Carter, F.R.S. 

A box of Fossils from the Cerrb, Monte Video, containing an under 
jaw, a claw bone and toe bone, of large Edentate Mammal; four fragments 
of a large limb bone; and conglomerated masses of shells of Ostrea ; 
collected and presented by Mr. Conrad Moller, Monte Video, per Mr. P. 
H. Rathbone. 

Five specimens of Fossil Fish (two Cheiracanthiis, one Osteolopis major, 
one Pterichthys productus, and one Diplacanthus longispinis) from the Old 
Red Sandstone, Lynat and Edderton Burn ; and five specimens of 
Ammonites, from Lyme Regis ; presented by Mr. G. H. Morton, F.G.S. 
A Northern Stone Crab, Lithodes mala, from the Irish Sea ; presented 
by Dr. J. Linton Palmer, R.N. 

A collection of Sponges from Queensland ; presented by Miss Amy 
Parker, per Miss H. K. F. Gatty. 

Eight Specimens of Marble, cut and polished, from the Quarries of 
Kleber, near Oran, Algeria, the ancient Marmor Numidicus ; presented 
by Colonel Playfair. 

Thirty specimens of Salt Water Fishes, from Monte Video; two Hang 
Nests from Uruguay ; eleven specimens of Shells ; a Stony Freshwater 
Sponge ; two Hair Balls, from cattle ; two specimens of Chalcedony, 
enclosing fluid ; a specimen of polished Marble, from Maldonado ; and a 
large lower Jaw of a Fish ; presented by Mr. P. H. Rathbone. 

A Python or Rock Snake, Python reticulatus, from the Province of 
Wellesley, Straits Settlements ; presented by Captain R. F. Scale. 

The Skin of an Alligator from Darien, Georgia ; presented by Mr. T. 
W. Sewell. 

A Three-bearded Rockling, Motella tricirrata, from Hoylake ; pre- 
sented by Mr. Herbert Sharpe. 

A large Hairy Caterpillar, the spines of which are dreaded by the 
Natives as poisonous, from New Calabar ; presented by Mr. Thomas 
Sutherland. 



f 



17 
A specimen of Jet from Whitby ; presented by Mr. G. A. Tate. 
A specimen of Sea Lily (Pentacrinus), dredged in 600 fathoms at 
Station 214, by the Challenger Expedition ; presented by Sir Wyville 
Thomson, per Professor Herdman. 

A specimen of the Vendace, Coregonus Willoughbii, found floating on 
Bassenthwaite Water, Cumberland, June 21, 1882 ; presented by Mr. 
F. T. Turton. 

The Skin and Skull of a large Crocodile from Venezuelan Guiana, 
South America ; presented by Senor Jose de Jesus Vigas, Caracas, per 
Mrs. F. W. Earle. 

Twenty Bird Skins from Axim, Gold Coast, West Africa ; collected and 
presented by Mr. K. B. N. Walker, F.K.G.S., Corresponding Member 
Literary and Philosophical Society, Liverpool. 

A Collection of Marine Specimens, Dredgings and Soundings, obtained 
during a voyage between Liverpool and Valparaiso, chiefly from the 
Patagonian Bank and Valparaiso Bay ; collected and presented by Capt. 
W. H. Cawne Warren, Associate of the Literary and Philosophical 
Society of Liverpool. 

A living specimen of the Blind Worm, Anguis fragilis, from North 
Wales ; presented by Mr. J. C. White. 

Specimens of British Birds ; presented by Mr. Thomas West. 
A Collection of samples of Borings from the Sub-Wealden Boring 
Exploration at Netherfield, Sussex, 1872-76 ; presented by Mr. Henry 
Willett, F.G.S., per Mr. Charles Potter. 

A Porcupine Fish, Diodon hystrix, from Port-au-Prince ; presented 
by Capt. Williams, s.s. "Cuba." 

A specimen of Dendritic Black Oxide of Manganese on Leptinite, or 
Whitestone, from Llanfairfechan Quarry, near Penmaenmawr ; presented 
by Mr. William Williams, per Mr. J. B. Clarke. 

A Collection of Bones from the Hysenine deposit in Kent's Cavern, 
amounting in all to 36 " finds," with exact references to each place of 
finding ; presented by Lord Haldon (proprietor of the Cavern), and the 
British Association, per Mr. William Pengelly, F.R.S., Torquay. 



18 

PURCHASES. 

The principal purchases have been as follows, many of the Vertebrates 
being for the Osteological Collection : — 

A young Gorilla ; two heads of Proboscis Monkey, male and female ; 
a Tiger (for skeleton) ; a young Brown Bear ; an Irish Fox ; a Yagua- 
rundi ; a Moufflon and Wild Cat from Candia ; two young Manatees ; 
lower Jaw of a Sperm "Whale ; an American Tapir and a young Baird's 
Tapir ; a young Capybara ; a Coypu ; a rare Rodent {Petrodromus) ; a 
Great Ant-Bear {Myrmecophaga jxihata) ; a Tree Kangaroo {Dendro- 
lagus inustus), and a Mourning Kangaroo {Dorcopsis luctiwsa), from 
New Guinea; young specimens of Koala, Wallaby Kangaroo, and Bandi- 
coot ; Skulls of young Walrus, Koala, &c. 

A Sociable Vulture ; a young Hornbill ; an Ariel Toucan ; a new 
Kingfisher {Clytoceryx rex), from New Guinea ; specimens of the 
Maximilian Macaw, Red and Yellow Macaw, Saddle-billed Stork, 
Flamingo, Emeu, Rhea or American Ostrich ; and eight Skeletons of 
Passerine Birds. 

Specimens of Limbless Reptiles and Lizards from Brisbane ; a Basi- 
lisk {Basiliscus Americanus) ; a Blue Shark {Carcharias glancus), six 
feet in length, from the Coast of North Wales ; an Electric Ray, weigh- 
ing 83 lbs., taken in a trawl-net off Morecambe Bay; a Wolf Fish, and a 
Trigger Fish {Balistes vetida) ; skeletons of Menopome, Iguana, and 
Siluroid Fish {Doras maculatus) , and disarticulated Skulls of Haddock 
and Hake. 

Specimens of seven species of Invertebrates from Dr. Dohrn's Zoolo- 
gical Station at Naples, and two specimens of Coral, Madrepora and 
Meandrina. 

Specimens of Fossil Fish, &c., from various formations, also Rhinoceros 
Jaw, Elephant's Teeth, and other Mammalian remains, from the final 
sale of the Collection of the late Prof. Tennant, F.G.S. ; Cave Breccia 
containing sternum and Bones of Birds ; and other Fossils. 

Twenty-one specimens of eight species of Carboniferous Limestone 
Fossils, Bdlerophon, Natica, Cirrus, &c., from Kendal ; one Spongarium 
from the Lower Ludlow of Benson Knott ; four Shells, Tellina solidula, 
from Grange; specimens of Fossil Shells, Corals, Bryozoa, Conglomerate 
Sandstone, &c., from Humphrey Head, North Lancashire ; a collection 
oi Ammonites, Terebrattdidce, RhynchonellidcB, and specimens of Moc^ioZa, 
Lima, and other Fossil Shells from the Inferior Oolite near Turvey, 
Bedfordshire ; collected for the Museum by the R«v. H. H. Higgins. 



19 

FREE LECTURES. 

The Seventeenth Winter Course of Free Lectures, forty in number, 
was delivered in the Rotunda Lecture Hall, in January, February, and 
March, 1882. 

Total number of persons who attended the Lectures 41,295 

Average per Lecture 1,032 

Against 14,815 in 1881. Average attendance, 370, 

List. 
Our Municipal Institutions : their Past and Future ; by Sir J. A. 
Picton, F.S.A. 

Animal Defences, vdth Illustrative Drawings; by Rev. H. H. 
Higgins, M.A. 

Universities, Old and New ; by Mr. G. H. Rendall, M.A., Fellow 
of Trinity College, Cambridge, Principal of University College, 
Liverpool. 

The Basque Provinces of Spain : their History, Institutions and 
Laws; by Mr. Clements R. Markham, C.B., F.R.S., Secretary 
of the Royal Geographical Society. 

The Practical Application of some of Faraday's Discoveries, illus- 
trated by experiments ; by Dr. Oliver J. Lodge, Professor of 
Physics and Mathematics, University College, Liverpool. 

Elocution, Gesture, &c., illustrated by Recitals and Readings ; by 
Mr. Henry Vandenhoflf. 

Sketches of the Public and Private Character of Edmund Burke ; 
by Mr. J. MacCunn, M.A., Professor of Logic, Political Economy, 
&c., University College, Liverpool. 

Our Ironclad Fleet and its Guns, illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
light; by Captain E. Stubbs, R.N. 

Chemical Force, with experiments; by Mr. Edward Davies, F.C.S. 

John Howard, the Prison Philanthropist ; by Rev. J. Burbidge. 

On the History of the Jews in Spain and Portugal, their Persecu- 
tion and Expulsion ; by Rev. W. Stern, Ph.D. 

Phosphorus and its Compounds, with experiments ; by Mr. Edward 
Davies, F.C.S. 

New Zealand : its Scenery, People, and Prospects, illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen light ; by Mr. W. Lant Carpenter, B.A., B.Sc. 



20 

On the Life-Saving Service of the United States of America ; by Mr. 
C. H. Beloe, M. Inst., C.E. 

On the Liverpool Ethnographical Collection ; by Mr. C. T. Gatty, 
F.S.A., Curator of the Mayer Museum. 

Crystallization, with experiments ; by Dr. George Tate, F.G.S. 

Solar Spots, with illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen light ; by Mr. E. 

C. Johnson, F.R.A.S. 
Socrates; by Mr. A. C. Bradley, M.A., Fellow of Balliol College, 

Oxford ; Professor of Modern History and Literature, University 

College, Liverpool. 
A Trio of Modern Naturalists — Miller, Edwards, and Dick : the 

Story of their Lives, with Personal Reminiscences; by Dr. G. 

Shearer. 

Some Notes of the Last Months of the Life of Mary Queen of Scots, 
hitherto unpublished in England ; by Mr. Josiah Marples. 

Readings from Shakespeare, Dickens, and other Authors ; by Mr. 
Robert Crompton. 

Division of Labour among Zoophytes and some other Composite 
Marine Animals; by Dr. W. A. Herdman, F.L.S., F.R.S.E., 
Professor of Natural History, University College, Liverpool. 

Notes on the Shakespearian Characteristics of James Sheridan 
Knowles, with other Readings and Recitals ; by Mr. Samuel Pearce. 

Astronomy : its practical uses ; by Mr. James Gill. 

Life History of the Sea-Hare, and some of its kindred from the 
Mersey; by Dr. J. Sibley Hicks, F.R.M.S. 

Combustion ; illustrated by experiments ; by Mr. Granville H . 

Sharpe, F.C.S. 
Navigation : how safety is secured ; rules for preventing Collisions ; 

by Mr. James Gill. 
Bach : his Times and Music, illustrated by Vocal and Instrumental 

Music ; by Mr. G. A. Audsley and Mr. H. A. Branscombe. 

Old English Life and Manners in the Feudal Age, with Photo- 
graphs and Drawings of English Castles^ shown by the Oxy-, 
hydrogen light ; by Mr. James Birchall. 



21 

Che*i„ Salt: the Mode o^ts ^onnation and Geo.opcal 0.cur»ce 
and Method of present Manufacture ; by Mr. C. E De Eance, 
Associate Inst. C.E.. F.G.S., ot H.M.'s Geological Survey. 
The Moon: What it Is; What it Does; What it Tells; Comets 
and Shooting Stars ; «ith Illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen hght 
by Professor Eobert Ball, LL.D.. F.B.8., Andrews Professor of 
Astronomy, University ot Dublin, and Eoyal Astronomer of 
Ireland. 
Old English Life and Manners in the Elizabethan Age, with Pictures 
of Baronial Halls, Timber Houses and Interiors, shown by the 
Oxyhydrogen light ; by Mr. James Birchall. 
Gleanings from the Local Collection of Books and Drawings in the 
Liverpool Free Public Library; by Mr. Peter Cowell, Chief 
Librarian of the Free Public Library 
The Normans in Italy and Sicily ; by Mr. W. J. Stewart, B.A. 
Mendelssohn, his Times and Music, Illustrated ^J J-^i -/ 
Instrumental Music; by Mr. G. A. Audsley and Mr. H. A. 
Branscombe. 
Art in the Homes of the People ; by Mr. Charles Dyall, Curator of 

the Walker Art Gallery. 
Field Sports of the Ancients ; by Rev. W. Houghton, M.A., F.L.S. 
Midnight Oil ; by Mr. Edward R. Russell. 



COURSES OF FREE AUTUMN LECTURES. 
Three Experimental Lectures were delivered by Prof. J. Campbell 
Jrown, D.Sc, University College, Liverpool, in the Rotunda Lecture 
^all, in continuation of his previous Courses on the " Chemical Ele- 
lents." The subjects treated of were Silicon and Phosphorus. 

The total attendance amounted to 2,283, giving an average per Lecture 
of 761. 



ENGLISH LITERATUEE AND LANGUAGE FROM BEOWULF 
TO SHAKESPEARE. 

A Course of Eight Lectures was delivered in the Rotunda Lecture 
Hall by Dr. W. Clarke Robinson, M.A., B.Sc, Lecturer and Examiner 
in Modern Literature and Languages in the University of Durham ; and 
the attendance amounted to 3,487, giving an average of 435. 

A Course of Four Lectures (one of which was repeated) on " Shakes- 
peare — The Man — The Poet — The Dramatist — The Teacher" — was 
delivered by Mr. T. Hall Caine ; the total attendances at which were 
2,167, and the average 433. 



The Liverpool School of Science has had the use of rooms as in former 
years, and the following courses of Lectures are being delivered in con- 
nection with the Department of Science and Art, South Kensington : — 

Solid Geometry, By Mr. A. J. Briant, 

Machine Drawing. Do. 

Building Construction. Do. 

Animal Physiology. By Mr. G. 0. Chubb. 

Botany. Do. 

Agriculture. By Mr. C. F. Cooper- 



1 



23 

MAYER MUSEUM. 



RE POET . 

During the past year two Catalogues have been issued in this Depart- 
ment of the Museum, one of the Prehistoric Antiquities and Ethnography, 
and the other of the Mediaeval and later Antiquities, including the Mather 
collection of objects relating to the Bonaparte Family. A Catalogue of 
the Pottery and Porcelain is now in course of preparation. Consider- 
able additions have been made to the Ethnographical Department, and a 
permanent gallery for the Ethnographical Collection is being provided 
in the extension of the Walker Art Gallery. Preparations are now being 
made for a Loan Exhibition of objects illustrating the History of Navi- 
gation, to be held during the present year in connection with this depart- 
ment. 

DONATIONS. 

Collection of Pottery and Glass, found in Cyprus ; presented by Mr. 
C. M. Campbell, Stoke-on-Trent. 

Group of Stone Implements, three Bone Fish Spear Heads, Lasso, 
Bow and Arrows, also a Saddle and Horse Trappings, from South 
America ; brought and presented by P. H. Rathbone. 

Pair of Pistols, formerly belonging to Colonel Martin ; presented by 
Mr. Richard Ross. 

Two pieces of wood from Captain Cook's ship " Adventure " ; pre- 
sented by Mr. Charles Baker, Master, s.s. "Thebes." 

Pick, made from the Antler of a Red Deer, from the ancient flint 
workings at Grimes Graves, near Brandon, Norfolk ; found and presented 
by Canon Greenwell. 

Mummy of a Woman and Two Coffins, a very fine example of Egyptain 
painting. Dr. Birch considers that the name of the woman is Mutef, 
daughter of Ankh-Khonsu, superintendent of the house of Amen, who 
was son of Nas-pa-nub. The mummy is probably of the 19th dynasty 
(B.C. 1300 about) or possibly a little later, from Thebes. Brought to 
England by Lord John Churchhill, formerly in the collection of Mr. 
David Pennant ; presented by Lord Denbigh. (See Report for 1882.) 

Liverpool Printed Jug ; presented by P. H. Rathbone. 

Japanese Specimens ; presented by Dr. C. Dresser. 



24 

Bow, Skin Quiver, and six Arrows, three with glass heads, from 
Patagonia ; presented by Mr. M. F. Buchner. 

Collection of Implements, &c., from the Terra Del Fuegians of the 
Straits of Magellan, obtained through Mr. Bridges, the Missionary at 
Ushwai ; presented by Captain Shannon. 

Necklace of cut pieces of horn (?) from the Straits of Magellan ; 
presented by Dr. Braidwood, 

Six Japanese Bronze Mirrors ; presented by Mr. Clarke. 

Stone Axe-head, found in County Carlow, Ireland ; presented by Mr. 
John Stephenson. 

Stone Axe-head, from New Zealand ; presented by Mr. John Cullen. 

Eight Silver Coins, from Siam ; presented by Mr. John Milne, 
Engineer, Siamese Navy. 

Vase, in black pottery, from an ancient Peruvian grave ; presented by 
Mr. M. F. Buchner. 

Quaigh, made from a piece of one of the old oaken piles which formed 
part of the ancient drawbridge of Bothesay Castle ; presented by Mr. R. 
M. Adam. 

Specimens of Greek and Roman Terra-cottas, Coins, &c., from Corfu ; 
presented by Rev. J. W. Hughes, English Chaplain, through Mr. F. W. 
Earle. 

Three Spears, a Shield covered with tiger's skin, two Wands trimmed 
with goat's hair, and two Earrings of boar's teeth, brought from the 
Naga Hill Tribes between India and Burmah ; presented by Captain C. 
E. Elliston, Bengal Staff Corps. 

Club and Stone Axe-head, from Australia ; presented by Miss Amy 
Parker. 

Wooden image found near the old town of San Jose, near the coast 
of Peru, north of the Maccabi Islands; presented by Mr. Gilbert 
Hammill. 

Three Mediaeval specimens of Pottery found in Nottingham ; presented 
by the Committee of the Castle Museum. 

Plats in Pottery, made by Wedgwood, and redecorated in Holland ; 
presented by Mr. Egerton Leigh, of High Leigh. 

Pair of Oriental Slippers; presented by Mrs. Byrnes. 



25 

Group of Ethnographical Specimens, mostly from the South Seas ; 
presented by Mrs. Wansey, of Claughton. 

Two Australian Stone Implements, one with a Wooden Handle ; pre- 
sented by Miss Amy Parker, obtained through Mr. Pimock, Police 
Magistrate at Brisbane. 

Stone Axe-head found in Kathvilly, Co. Carlow, Ireland; presented 
by Mr. Thomas Jackson. 

Chart of the Flags of all Nations, and seven Papers connected with 
Shipping in the last century ; presented by Mr. J. H. Gibson. 

PUECHASES. 

Model Canoe and Wooden Dog Bell, from West Africa. 

Human Skull, found on the Cheshire shore. 

Linen Smoother, probably from Iceland. 

Two Iron Axes, from West Africa. 

Seventeen Clay Pipe Heads, from Ashantee and Dahomy,West Africa. 

Jug, with transfer-printed coat of arms upon it, probably Liverpool ware. 

Chinese Compass. 

Gold Ring, made by an Australian Native. 

Portrait on enamel of "Home Tooke." 

Two Japanese Vases and a Porcelain Dish with a map of Japan upon it. 

Inscribed Linen Smoother, from Iceland. 

Five Japanese Ivory Netsukies. 

Two Specimens of Japanese Pottery with splashed glazes, and a small 
Teapot. 

Seven Japanese Printed Books. 

Silver Ornament from Paraguay, South America. 

Japanese Vase and a Freemason's Mallet in Pottery. 

Eight South American Arrows. 

Japanese Plate, with mythological subject, the Dragon Boat carrying 
the Seven Gods of Happiness. 

Six Volumes of a Japanese Book. 

Five Japanese Teapots, in Pottery. 

Japanese Carved Wooden Figure, with ivory head and lacquer orna- 
mentation on clothes. 

Collection of (30) Kakemonas, or Japanese Paintings on Silk. 

Carved Wooden Figure of Budda or Buddhist Saint. 



26 

Liverpool Printed Jug, with Masonic emblems and the legend " A 
Free Trade to Ireland." 

Two Ivory Fetishes and a Kneeling Figure, from West Africa. 

Carved Gourd, from West Africa. 

Fetish of wood in shape of two figures standing back to back. 

Six Japanese Sword Hilts, in iron, steel, and brass, inlaid with silver 
and gold. 

Two Japanese Ivory and Wood netsukies. 

Carved Wooden Figure of a Japanese deity. 

Carved Cocoanut, probably from Venezuela, South America. 

Leaden Ornament, with figures of the Virgin and Child upon it, found 
on the Cheshire shore forest bed. 

Porcelain Mug, most probably of Liverpool manufacture, with a transfer- 
printed portrait of the Young Pretender upon it; also a small printed jug 
signed by the maker " Robinson, Burslem." 

SnujBf Horn, from South Africa. 

Two Wooden Spoons, from West Africa. 

Two Chinese Vases in porcelain, and two specimens of Japanese 
pottery. 

Three Ivory Tusks, most probably from the River Niger, West Africa. 

Very fine Axe, with stone head, from New Guinea. 

Chinese Porcelain Punch-bowl, with English coat of arms and initials 
upon it, and two accompanying Punch Spoons. 

New Zealand Carved Wooden Box. 

Dulcimer, from the Asiatic Islands. 

Liverpool Printed Pottery Jug. 

Group of four Japanese carved wooden figures. 

Model Canoe and Carved Gourd, from the River Congo, West Africa. 

Silver Gilt Medal of the "Liverpool Pitt Club." 

Bottle of Rough Pottery, from the Congo River, West Africa. 

Japanese Cup, such as are used in the Tea Ceremonies. 

Axe-head of Jade, from New Zealand. 

Toby Fillpot Jug. 

Silver Medal of Delhi. 

Collection of Liverpool Medals, Tokens, Badges, &c. 

Japanese Enamel. 

Two Compasses with Dials, also two old maps and four engravings of 
Marine Battles. 



27 

Telescope, mounted in white vellum, and stamped with the royal arms. 

Boomerang of wood, unusually large, from Australia. 

Group of Stone Implements, from France 

Silver Boatswain's Whistle, inscribed. 

Printed Cream-ware Jug, with designs commemorating the American 
Independence, signed " F. Morris, Shelton." 

Mug, with printed designs upon it, a Portrait of Lord Nelson, and 
Map of the Battle of Trafalgar, also a List of Ships engaged in that 
action. 

Eight Arrows, one Club, one Australian Sheild, and a Bechuana Axe. 

Sun-dial and Compass, with the name, " D. Berringer," upon it. 

Two Bronze Belts. 

Club in Wood, from the Solomon Islands. 

Piece of printed Tappa-cloth, from Fiji. 



ON LOAN. 

A valuable and interesting collection of Chinese Snuff Bottles, in 
Porcelain, Stone, and Wood ; also a number of very fine Japanese 
Netsukies. Lent by Mr. Andrew Burman. 



WALKEE ART GALLERY. 



The Gallery has been open to the public on 259 days, and closed for 
cleaning and re-arrangement on 54 days. 

470,243 persons have visited the Gallery during the year, being a 
daily average of 1,815. Of this number 69,786 paid for admission to 
the Autumn Exhibition, and the total also includes 6,952 pupils from 
schools of various denominations, admitted free by invitation of the 
Committee. There has been a considerable increase in the attendance 
of Art Students, who have the privilege of copying, under certain restric- 
tions, the works forming the permanent collection, the average on the 
Students' day being 24, as against 14 last year. 

The Descriptive Catalogue compiled by the Curator has met with a 
large sale, more than 11,000 copies having been sold since its publica- 
tion in July, 1881. 

The Committee acceeded to a request from the Council of the Royal 
Academy to lend the picture by Rossetti, entitled "Dante's Dream," 
for the exhibition of that artist's works at Burlington House, where it 
has been accorded the place of honour. They have also lent to the 
Yorkshire Fine Art Society, Crofts' "Evening of the Battle of Waterloo," 
and "The Old Man's Treasure," by Prof. Carl Gussow. These will 
shortly be returned to their places in the collection. 

In addition to the permanent collection, the following have been on 
view during the year : — 

200 Drawings and Sketches by the late Henry Dawson, lent by the 

Executors. 
Drawings and Sketches by the late J. M. W. Turner, lent by the 

Authorities of the National Gallery. 
Six Drawings by the late John Burgess, lent by R. Aspa, Esq, 
A collection of Drawings, illustrative of Ancient Liverpool, by the 
late W. G. Herdman, lent by R. Brown, Esq. 
On August 11th, the use of the lower Rooms was granted to the 
Association for the "Reform and Codification of the Law of Nations," 
for the purpose of a Conversazione. 



29 

Several persons of distinction have visited the Gallery during the year, 
amongst others — 

King Kalakaua, Hawaiian Islands. 

Sir J. Whittaker Ellis, Lord Mayor of London, and Lady Ellis. 

A Party of Officers and Men of H. M. Indian Contingent ; and 

Their Excellencies Kavoninahitriniarivo, Secretary of State for 
Foreign Affairs ; Ramaniraka, Member of the Privy Council, and 
Secretaries of the Malagasy Embassy. 



AUTUMN EXHIBITION OF PICTURES. 

1882. • 1881. 

Number of Pictures and other Works of Art 

exhibited 1.589 1,434 

Number of Pictures sold 311 315 

Amount realised by sales £7,868 3 6 £12,210 11 

Season Tickets 2,592 476 1 2,557 476 14 

Admissions at one shilling 28,603 1,430 3 28,695 1,434 15 

Ditto sixpence 11,967 299 3 6 11,569 289 4 6 

Ditto threepence..... 26,624 332 16 39,098 376 4 6 

Catalogues sold 472 14 6 468 19 9 

Commission on sales ^ 362 8 9 523 7 6 

Miscellaneous receipts 23 1 11 15 9 6 

Amount received, exclusive of sales 3,010 18 3,044 17 9 

The following Table will he read with interest by all concerned in the 
culture of Art : — 



30 



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31 

It will be seen that the sales at the Autumn Exhibition have not 
realized so large an amount as those of last year, but the admissions and 
the issue of Season Tickets show no diminution in the popularity of 
the Exhibition. 

ADDITIONS TO THE PERMANENT COLLECTION. 

Purchased — 
Oil Paintings : 

Portrait of the late Harrison Ainsworth, Esq., by D. Maclise, R.A. 
The Way in the Wood, by Lewis Pulinckx. 
Maiwand : Saving the Guns, by R. Caton Woodville. 

From the Liverpool Autumn Exhibition : 
The Murray Firth, by John Eraser. 

From he Liverpool Autumn Exhibition : 

A Street in Brittany, by Stanhope A. Forbes. 

From the Liverpool Autumn Exhibition : 

Portrait of William Daniels, the Artist, as a Brigand, painted by 
himself. 
Water Colour : 

Stepping-Stones at Bettws-y-Coed, by C. Branwhite. 

WORKS PRESENTED. 
One Volume of Autotype Reproductions of Early Italian Prints 

(plates i.-xxx.), and Eleven Volumes illustrating the Ancient 

Marbles in the British Museum ; presented by the Trustees of the 

British Museum. 
Oil Paintings: 
" The Port of Liverpool," by Samuel Walters ; presented by Thomas 

Davies, Esq. 
"Nature's Mirror" (landscape), by Peter Ghent; presented by 

Malcolm Guthrie, Esq., J P., and T. W. Oakshott, Esq. 

Portrait of Charles Maclver. Esq., by Hubert Herkomer, A.R.A.; 
presented by Subscription. 

"Psyche in the Temple of Love," by E. J. Poynter, R.A. ; 
presented on behalf of the Local Committee of the Social Science 
Congress (Meeting in Liverpool, 1876), by William Crosfield, 
Esq., Treasurer, P. H. Rathbone, Esq., and A. Hornby Lewis, 
Esq., Hon. Sees. 



32 

The following oil paintings were presented by T. Arthur Hope, Esq., 
viz. : — 

Venus beseeching Vulcan to Forge a suit of Armour for Eneas 
(from the collection of the late Don Miguel, of Spain), by Rubens. 

The Holy Family. Artist unknown, supposed to be of the Bolognese 
School. 

Landscape, by Francesco Casanova. 

"The Rape of Europa," from the collection of the late Alexander 
Nowell, Esq., Underley Park, Westmoreland, by Romanelli. 

Landscape, from the same collection, by Gaspar Poussin. 

" A German Birthday in 1575," by C. Napier Hemy. 

Marble Bust of the Duke of Wellington, by Matthew Noble, and 

Marble Bust of the Hon. C. J. Fox, by J. Nolekens, R.A. ; pre- 
sented by Mrs. Tait, Executrix of the late James Carlyle, Esq. 

Portrait of William Bennett, Esq., J.P., by W. B. Boadle ; pre- 
sented by Subscription. 

Portrait of the late James Pownall (Bailiff of Liverpool), by Gamba- 
della ; presented by James Tapley Pownall, Esq. 

Portrait of Sir Walter Scott, by Su- Edwin Landseer, R.A. ; pre- 
sented by Mrs. Tait, Executrix of the late James Carlyle, Esq. 

Water Colour : 
" Old Shaw's Brow," by W. H. Herdman; presented by Lucas P- 
Stubbs, Esq. 

Marble Group : 

"Florizel and Perdita," by Joseph Durham, A. R.A. ; presented by 
Edmund Jardine, Esq. 

Signed on behalf of the Committee, 

J. A. PICTON, 

Chairman. 

PK, .0 

15 Join 











THIRTY-FIRST 

ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE COMMITTEE 

OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 

AND 

WALKER AET GALLEEY 

OF THE 

CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 







LIVERPOOL: 
HENRY GREENWOOD, PRINTER, :$-2, CASTLE STREET 

1884. 




THIRTY FIRST 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY 



MUSEUM, 



WALKER ART GALLERY 



OF THE 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 




LIVERPOOL: 
HENRY GREENWOOD, PRINTER, .ij, CASTLE STREET, 



1884, 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS. 

For the Years 1883-84. 



Committee. 



Sir JAMES ALLAXSON PIOTON, F.S.A., Chairmax. 
Alderman EDWARD SAMUELSON, Deputy Chairman. 
THOMAS HOLDER, Mayor. 



anthony bower, 
stewart henry brown. 
and:ih;-w commins. lld., m.p. 
john dav^ies. 
s. leigh gregson. 
robert hamilton. 

Rev. H. H. H LOGINS, M.A. 
ROBERT D. HOLT. 



THOMAS HUGHES. 
WILLLIM J. LUNT. 
CHARLES McARDLE. 
JOSEPH MAYER, F.S.A. 
EDMUND K. MUSPRATT. 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE. 
THOMAS E. STEPHENS. 
WILLIAM J. STEWART. 



Alderman Sir A. B. WALKER. 

Chief Librarian. 
PETER C W E L L . 

Sub- Librarian. 
TH0:SIAS FORM BY. 

Curator of the Museum. 
THOMAS J, MOORE. 

Curator of the Mayer Museum. 
CHARLES T. GATTY 



Cu^aioi of the Walker Art Gallery. 
CHARLES DYALL. 



REPORT. 

This Institution has now attained a magnitude and extent of operations 
which, at its inception, the most sanguine promoters could not have 
ventured to anticipate. The modest collection of 1852 has overstepped 
the limits of a mere library, and has developed into four great depart- 
ments embracing the whole circle of Literature, Art, Antiquities, and 
Natural History. 

The buildings devoted to the purpose have year by year expanded to 
meet the growing wants, and now constitute the largest Institution in the 
City, having its habitat in a series of connected buildings of considerable 
architectural display, the largest in extent, and the most comprehensive 
in their scope, of any kindred Institution in the kingdom. 

The extension of the Walker Art Gallery, mentioned in the last 
Report, is now very near completion. The accommodation it will give 
for the future development of art in this district is unsurpassed. A 
grant of ^5,500, which has been made during the past year by the City 
Council will defray the balance of the Building Contract, and thus 
relieve the Institution from any pecuniary incumbrance. 

The adaptability of these buildings for social and public gatherings has 
been demonstrated on several occasions during the past year. 

In August last the Medical Association of Great Britain held their 
Annual Conference in Liverpool, under the Presidency of A. T. H. 
Waters, M.D., when the rooms were placed at their service. On one of 
the evenings a brilliant soiree was held, which for comprehensiveness and 
attractions was almost unique. 

In September the Library Association of the United Kingdom held 
their Sixth Annual Meeting within these walls. The Chairman of this 
Institution filled the office of President. The meetings were attended 
by delegates from all the Chief Libraries of the kingdom, amongst 
others-Mr. George Bullen and Dr. R. Garnett of the British Museum, 
Mr. Henry Bradshaw, Librarian to the University of Cambridge, Mr. 
Robert Harrison, of the London Library, &c, A soiree was given with 
great success by the Committee of this Institution, and visits were paid 
to the librariesof the Earl of Crawford, Haigh Hall, and of the Earl of 
Derby at Knowsley. 



The Councils of the Medical Association and of the Libraries expressed 
in very cordial terms their sense of the kind reception accorded to them. 

In addition to the two volumes of the Library Catalogue already in 
existence, a supplementary volume of the additions during the last three 
years is in the press, and will shortly be issued. 

In response to a generally expressed desire a portion of the Brown 
Library has been fitted up as a Newsroom, well supplied with the London, 
the Provincial, and Local Newspapers. This has been duly appreciated 
by the public, the room being daily crowded with visitors. 

Steps have been taken towards the establishment of Branch Beading 
Rooms in four different localities, in which object the Committee have 
been greatly aided by the courtesy of the School Board in allowing their 
School Rooms to be used for the purpose. 

The particulars referring to each department will be found under their 
respective heads. 

REFERENCE LIBRARY. 

The Rooms having been closed for cleaning during an entire month, 
the returns have been necessarily diminished, but the average during the 
open period considerably exceeds that of any foraffer year. 

Table I. — Showing the books issued during the year : — 

Daily. 
Classification. Volumes. Average. 

Theology, Morals, &c 17,086 67 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 16,672 G6 

Natural History 6,417 25 

Science and the Arts 25,266 99 

History and Biography .... 20,694 81 

Topography and Antiquities 6,471 25 

Voyages and Travels 11,065 44 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 

Magazines in Volumes, &c.) 119,767 464 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics , 4,.364 17 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics .3,237 13 

Education and Language 6,408 25 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature. 10,190 40 

Prose Fiction 190,717 745 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 3,584 14 

Heraldry, Encyclopredias, and Works of Reference 24,481 96 

Total 466,419 1,821 



5 
PiCTON Reading Room. 

Classification. This Year. Last Year. 

Theology, Morals, &c 17,086 18, 174 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 16,672 18,258 

Natural History 6,417 6,961 

Science and the Arts 25,266 27,405 

History and Biography 20,694 24,2;B0 

Topography and Antiquities 6,471 6,458 

Voyages and Travels 11 ,065 12,645 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 

Magazines in Volumes, &c.) 41,758 46,592 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 4,364 4,372 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 3,237 3,238 

Education and Language 6,408 7,192 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 10, 190 13,886 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 3,584 4,471 

Heraldry, Encyclopaedias, and Works of Keference 12,543 12,018 

Total 185,755 205,930 

Brown Reading Room. 

Classification, This Year. Last Veai. 

Illustrated Periodicals in Volumes 78,009 71,931 

Prose Fiction 190,717 207,342 

Directories 11,938 18,145 

Total 280,664 297,418 

Table II. — Showing the issues of Quarterly and Monthly Magazines : — 

Dally 

Classification. Magazines. Average. 

Theology, Morals, &c 845 3 

Natural Philosophy, &c 531 2 

Natural History 589 2 

Science and the Arts 938 4 

Topography and Antiquities 503 2 

Voyages and Travels 366 1 

Miscellaneous Literature 105,474 412 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 409 2 

Education and Language 435 2 

Total 110,090 430 

Table III. — Showing the issue of Weekly Periodicals, &c. : — 

Dally 

Classification. Periodicals. Average. 

Natural Philosophy, &c 1,594 6 

Natural History 908 3 

Science and the Arts 2,426 10 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally illustrated and literary 

Periodicals) 200,314 783 

Law and Politics 965 4 

Commerce, Statistics, &c 908 3 

Total 207,115 809 



6 

Total Patents for Inventions consulted, 18,892. Daily average, 74. 

Recapitulation of Totals. 

Volumes of Books This Year 466,419 Last Year 503,348 

Quarterly and Monthly Magazines . . ,, 110,090 ,, 79,784 

Weekly Periodicals ,, 207,115 ,, 211,796 

Patents Consulted ,, 18,892 „ 16, 129 

Grand Total •802,516 811,057 



Table IV. — Showing the number and classification of works added 
during the year : — 

Volumes Total Number in 

Classification. added. the Library. 

Theology, Morals, &c 122 6,262 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 83 1,900 

Natural History 139 4,414 

Science and the Arts 348 9,426 

History and Biography 347 10,551 

Topography and Antiqixities 184 4,099 

Voyages and Travels 108 4,523 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 

Magazines, &c.) 641 17,511 

Jurisprudence, Law and Politics 207 6,610 

Commerce, Political Economy, &c 50 980 

Education and Language 31 1,327 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 75 3,466 

Prose Fiction 60 5,471 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 17 706 

Heraldry, Encyclopajdias, and Works of Reference 106 2,534 

Local 144 144 

Total 2,662 79,924 

* This number shows a decrease of 8,541 issues from those of last year. But if we take 
the average issues during the last three years corresponding to the time the 
Library was closed this year for painting, &c. (viz., from June loth to July 16th), 
we shall have a grand total 863,873, or an increase of 52,816, 



The following is the List of Magazines and Periodicals illustrating 
Tables II and III: — 



QUAIITERLY. 

Annales des sciences naturelles 

Anthropological Journal 

Archicologia Cambrensis 

Archasological Journal 

British and Foreign Evangelical Review 

British Quarterly Review 

Calcutta Review 

Church Quarterly Review 

Dublin Review 

Edinburgh Review 

Qeninen 

Qrevillea 

Ibis 

Journal de conchyliologie 

Journal fiir Ornithologie 

Journal of Anatomy 

Journal of the British Archajjlogical 

Association 
Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society 
Journal of the Society of Antiquaries 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
Journal of Speculative Philosophy 

Tjondon Quarterly Review 

Manchester Quarterly 

Mind 

Modern Review 

Navy List 

Numismatic Chronicle and Journal 

Popular Science Review 

Quarterly Journal of the Geological 
Society 

Quarterly Journal of Microscopical 
Science 

Quarterly Review 

Revue celtique 

Revue et magasin de zoologie 

Stray Feathers 

Sunday Review 

Traethodydd 

"Westminster Review 

Zeitschrift fiir deutsche Philologie 

Zeitschrift fiir Ethnologie 

Monthly. 
All the Year Round 
American Naturalist 

Annals and Magazine of Natural History 
Antiquary 
Argosy 
Army List 
Art journal 
Atlantic Monthly 
Band of Hope Review 
Banker's Magazine 
Beiblatter der Physiii 
Bel!i;ravia 
Bibliographer 
Biblioth^ue universelle 
Blackwood's Magazine 



British Temperance Advocate 

Cambridge Examiner 

Cassell's Magazine 

Catholic Presbyterian 

Century Magazine 

Chambers's Journal 

China R'lvicw 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

Church Standard 

Clergyman's Magazine 

Congregational Magazine 

Congregationalist 

Contemporary Review 

Cornhill Magazine 

Daheim 

Day of Days 

Dietetic Reformer 

Educational Times 

English Illustrated Magazine 

Englishwoman's Review 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Florist and Pomologist 

Fortnightly Review 

Gazette arch^ologique 

Gazette des beaux-arts 

Gartenlaube 

Gentleman's Magazine 

Geological Magazine 

Good Words 

Hand and Heart 

Harper's Magazine 

Hardware Circular 

Home Words 

Homoeopathic World 

Indian Antiquary^ 

International Review 

Inventors' Record 

Irish Temperance Banner 

Journal of Conchology 

Journal of the Chemical Society 

Journal of the Frcebel Society 

Journal of Horticulture 

Journal of Science 

Journal of the Vigilance Assoc. 

Leisure Hour 

Library Journal 

Liverpool Diocesan Gazette 

Liverpool Jewish Magazine 

Livre, Le 

London Society 

Longman's Magazine 

Macmillan's Magazine 

Magazine of Art 

Methodist Temperance ^lagazine 

Mineralogical Magazine 

Month 

Musical Times 

National Review 



Monthly — Continued. 

Nautical Magiizine 
New Church Magazine 
Nineteenth Century 
North American Keview 
ObserTatory 
Onward 
Orchestra 

Palatine Note-Book 
Petermann's Mittheilungen 
Portfolio 

Printer's Register 
Printing Times and Lithographer 
Quiver 

Railway Guide 
Revue arch^ologique 
Revue britaunique 
Revue chretienne 

Royal astronomical Society's Monthly 
Notices 

Royal Geographical Society's Journal 

Sanitary Engineering 

Science Gossip 

Shorthand Magazine 

Spelling Reformer 

Sunday at Home 

Sunday Magazine 

Temple Bar 

Theatre 

Tinsley's Magazine 

Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 

Truth seeker 

United Service Magazine 

Unaero Zeit 

Western Antiquary 

"Women's SuflFiage Journal 

Yachting Magazine 

Zoologist 

Zoophilist 

Fortnightly. 

Annalen der Physik 

British and Colonial Printer and Stationer 

Dingler's Polytechnisches Journal 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Gazette des architectes 

Intermediaire 

Liebig's Annalen der Chemie 

Revue des deux mordes 

Stone and Hardware Circular 

"Weekly, 
Academy 
American Settler 
Anglo-American Times 
Anti-Vivisectionist 
Architect 
Athenxum 
British Architect 

British and Colonial Prin er and Stationer 
Broad Arrow 
Builder 

Builders' "Weekly Reporter 
Building News 



WisBKLY — Continued. 

Chemical News 

Christian Commonwealth 

Cambiidge University Reporter 

Church of England Temperance Chronicle 

Chronique des aria 

Civilian 

Colonies 

Comptes rendus 

Draper 

Economist 

Electrical Review 

Electrician 

Engineer 

Engineering 

English Mechanic 

Era 

Estates Gazette 

Field 

Fun 

Gardeners' Chronicle 

Graphic 

Home Review 

Illustrated London News 

Iron 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 

Jewish Chronicle 

Journal of Gas Lighting, &c. 

Journal of the Society of Arts 

Judy 

Knowledge 

Lancet 

Land and Water 

Lantern 

Law Times 

Liverpool Review 

Local Government Chronicle 

London Gazette 

Mining Journal 

Money 

Nature 

Naval and Military Gazette 

Notes and Queries 

Ora -le 

Oxford University Gazette 

Pharmacf-utical Journal 

Pictorial World 

Porcupine 

Public Opinion 

Punch 

Railway Journal 

Railway Review 

Saturday Keview 

Scieniific American 

Spectator 

Sj'dnej- Mail 

Temperance Record 

Truth 

Volunteer Service Gazette 

Vanity Fair 

Weekly Notes 

World 



DONATIONS 



The following donations have been received during the year : — • 



ANDEKsoy, G. : — Biography of Charles 

Bradlaugh, by A. S. Headlington. 
Anderson's Gullegf, Glamiow: — Ca- 
lendar, I8S1-2, I880-4 (2 vols). 
Anon YMout^LY : — Glimpse of the Great 
i^ecret Society ; Life of William Penn, 
by S. W. Januey; Ontario: a New 
Fruit Colonj', &c. ; Passages from the 
Lifo and Writings of James Fox (3 
copies) ; Passages from the Life and 
Writings of William Penn (3 copies) ; 
Keport on the Xeccssity of Preserving 
and Replanting Forests, by R. D. 
Phipps ; Robert Burns and the Ayrshire 
Moderates ; Views of the Cnristian 
Doctrine held by the Religious Society 
of Friends (3 copies). 
Atherstone, SIiss M. E. : — The Fall of 
Nineveh (a Poem), by Edwin Ather- 
stone (2 vols.); A Midsummer Day's 
Dream, etc., by Edwin Atherstone. 
AsTi-VivisEcrioN Society : — The Vivi- 
section Controversy, by the Earl of 
Shaftesbury, itc. 
Bain, James, Librarian, Toronto : — 
Pleasant Places by the Shore, and in 
the Forests of Quebec. 
Bainbridoe, R. B., Royal Couet 
Theatre, Liverpool: — Playbills, &c., 
1883. 
Bare, H. B. (the Author) : — Suggestions 

for Students' Classes. 
Bei.oe, C. H. : — Annual Report of the 
United States Life Saving Service, 
1882. 
Biuke.vhead Free Library : — Catalogue. 
Birkenhead Watch Committee: — Report 
of the Birkenhead Police Establish- 
ments, 1883. 
Birmingham Free Library : — Reference 

Library Catalogue. Letter A. 

Blood, William : — Schools and Teachers 

for the Children of the Working Classes. 

Blower, Benjamin (the Author):— The 

Mersey, Ancient and Modern [i copies). 

Boston Public Library: — Bulletins 

N08. 64-GG, 1883. 
Brvmall, Henry (the Author): — The 
Mineral Resources of New Zealand ; 
President's Address to tho Liverpool 
Geological Association. 
British and Foreign Bible Society : — 

From the Beginning, by M. E. R. 
British As-oiiatio.n for the Advance- 
ment OF Science : — Report of the 
Southampton Meeting, 1882. 
British Musevm Trustees :— Catalogue 
of Birds, vols. 7 and 8 ; Catalogue of 
Greek Coins, 2 vole. ; Catalogue of 



Printed Books, 10 pts. ; Catalogue of 
Prints and Drawings, Division L, 
vol. 4; Lutheran Exhibition, 1883, by 
George BuUen ; Catalogue of Early 
Prints, vol. 2 ; Catalogue of the Ba- 
trachia Caudata and Apoda. 
Brown, J. Henry (the Author) : — The 

Rambler's Calendar. 
Brown, Barnes, & Bell, Messrs. ; — 

Sketches by " Buz." 
Brown, Edgar A. : — On Certain Physical 

Evils Induced by Over-Schooling. 

Canada Department of Agriculture :— 

Canadian Patent Office Record, vol. 11, 

Castellain, a., J. p. : — Journal of the 

Royal Agricultural Society, vol. 19, 

pts. 1-2. 

Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce : — 

34th Annual Report. 
Cincinnati Public Library ; — Bulletin 

of Books. 
Clark, Henhy (the Author) ; — William 

Koscoe and his Life. 
Clockmakers, The Worshipful Company 
of, London : — Some Account of the 
Company. 
Cobdbn Club: —Financial Reform 
Almanack, 1883 (12 copies) ; Reform of 
the English Land System, by G. 
C. Brodrick. 
Cornell University, U.S.A. : — Library 

Bulletin, vol. 1, No. 5. 
Cowell, p.. Librarian : — Beginners' 
Drill-Book of English Grammar, by 
James Burtcn. 
Dardenne, Edward (the Compiler), Pre- 
fecture de la Seise : — Commission 
des bibliotheques. Rapport. 
Davis, Charles E.,F.S A. (the Author):— 

The Mineial Baths of Bath. 
Dietetic Reform As-sociation : — Ethics 

of Diet, by Howard Williams, MA. 
Dkessek, Fkedekick (the Author) : — Rice, 

its tlistor}-. Culture, &c. 
Dyke, John, Canadian Government 
Agent, Liverpool : — Ontirio Agiicul- 
tural Commission, 5 vols. ; Tenant 
Farmers' Reports, 2 vols. ; Handbook 
for Emigrants ; and Miscellaneous 
Pamphlets on Canada. 
Edmonds, E. M. (the Author): — Hesperas: 

Rhythm and Rhyme. 
Edmonds, John (the Author) : — New 

System of Classification, &c. 
Emery, Frank, Prince op Wales 
Theatre, Liverpool : — Playbills, &c., 
1833. 
Engineers, Society of: — Transactions 
1882. 



10 



DONATIONS— C'ow<wi««/. 



Fin AN CIA L Reform Asso ci ation : — Finan- 
cial Keform Almanack, 1883-4. 

Forwood,AkthurB., J.P. (theAutho^): — 
The Dwellings of the Industrial Classes 
in the Diocese of Liverpool, and how to 
Improve them (2 copies). 

Frowde, John, Public Librauian, 
Barrow-in-Fuuners : — Addresses and 
Sermons, by Eev. H. McNeilf, D.D., 
and others. 

Fryer, Alfred 0. (the Author): Cuth- 
berht of Landisfarne: his Life and 
Times. 

Fulton, R. E. (the Publisher) ; —Fulton's 
Commercial Directory, 1883. 

Gore, (Jr., LL.D. (the Author) :— The 
Scientific Basis of National Progress. 

Grannell, Dennis, Rotunda Theatre, 
Liverpool: — Playbills, &c., 1883. 

Grey, Henry (the Author) : — Bird's-Eye 
View of English Literature. 

Grojevsky, Rev. L. :— Hagadah for 
Passover; ed. by Rev. B. Spiers and 
Rev. L. Grojevsky. 

Harrlson, Reginald, F.R.C.S. (the 
Author) :— Use of the Ambulance in 
Civil Practice. 

Harvard College, Cambridge, U.S.A.: — 
Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative 
Zoology, vol. 10, Nos 5 and 6 ; Bul- 
letin, vol. 7, Nos. and 10; vol.11, 
Nos. 1-4 ; Library Bulletin, Nop. 24 
and 25 ; Memoirs of the Museum of 
Comparative Zoology, vol. 7, No. 3 ; 
vol. 8, No. 2 ; vol. 9, Nos. 1 and 2. 

Haywood, G. R. (the Author) : — Direct 
Taxation. 

Hedley, George, Lancaster: — William 
Hedley: Inventor of Railway Loco- 
motion on the Present Principle, &c. 
(2 copies). 

Hendric, Matthew : — Mersey Missions 
to Seamen: Reports, 1881-2; Liver- 
pool Scripture Readers' Society, Slst 
Report ; Royal National Life Boat 
Institution Report, 1883. 

Herdman, Puof. W. a., D.Sc. :-The 
Invertebrate Fauna of the Firth of 
Forth, by George Leslie and W. A. 
Herdman. 

Heywood, J. (the Publisher): — State 
Directed Emigration, by J. F. Boyd, 

HiBBS, Rev. R., M.A. (the Author): 
Prussia and the Poor. 

HiGGiN, Thomas : — Zeitschrift fiiv "Wis- 
senschaftliche Zoologie, Bde. 36-38. 

HiQoiNs, Rev. H. H. : — Sithron the Star 
Stricken; transl. from an ancient Arabic 
Manuscript. 

Hodqes, Figgis, & Co. (the Publishers) : — 
Dublin Universitj' Calendar, 1883 ; 
Dublin University Examination Papers. 



Howard Association : — The Cellular Sys- 
tem of Imprisonment ; Social Wreckage, 
by Francis Peek. 

HowARTH, Elijah (the Author) :— Visilora' 
Guide to the Sheffield Museum. 

HowoETH, D. F., F.S A. (the Author) :— 
The Natural Science in the Ashton- 
under-Ljne Free Library ('2 copies). 

Hutchinson, M. L., J. P. : — Hutchinson's 
Australian Almanac, 1883 ; Our'l'rip to 
Gippsland Lakes and Rivers ; A Glance 
at Australia in 1880, by H. M. Franklyn. 

India, The Rt. Hon. the Skcretaky of 
State for : — The Sacrtd Books of the 
East, vols. 14, 17, 18, 19, and 23. 

Institute of Civil Engineeus : — Minutes 
of Proceedings, vols. 72-74; Charter, 
By-Laws, &c., 1883. 

Institution of Mechanical Engineers: 
—Proceedings. Nov. 1882, April 1883, 
and July 1883. 

Jordan, A. J. : — Home Education and 
its Influence: an Essay, by W. M. 
Patterson. 

Kay, Fisheh, & Co. (the Publishers) ; — 
London and Provincial Director)', 1883. 

KuKTz, A. G. : — Roman de la rose, par G. 
de Lorris et J. deMeung,5 vols; Works 
of Robert Hall, A.M., G vols.; and 7 
other vols. 

Lewis, J. (the Author): — Nuggets and 
Gems. 

Liberty and Property Defence League : 
— Lord Bramwell on Liberty, and other 
Speeches. 

Library Reports from thh Following 
Libraries : — Aston, Manor of, Barrow- 
in-Furness, Birmingham, Blackpool, Bol- 
ton, Boston, U.S.A., Bradford, Bridge- 
port, Conn., U.S.A., Brighton, Chicago, 
U.S.A., Copenhagen Royal Library, 
Doncaster, Dundee, Germantown 
Friends, U.S.A., Glasgow, Mitchell 
Library, Gla8.;ow Stirling's Library, 
Halifax, Uandsworth, Leamington, 
Leeds, Manchester, Middlcsborough, 
New York Mercantile, Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, Newton, Mas.s., U.S A., Norwich, 
Plymouth, Preston, Richmond, Runcorn, 
St. Helens, St. Louis Public School, 
San Francisco, San Francisco Mercan- 
tile, Southport, Stoke-upon-Trent, 
Swansea, Sydney, Twickenhum, Tync- 
mouth, Victoria, Walsall, Wednesbury, 
West Bromwieh, Westminster, Wi^an, 
Wolverhampton, Worcester, Worcester, 
Mass., U.S.A. 
Liverpool Akchitectural Society : — 

Proceedings, 1881-1883. 
Liverpool Astronomical Society : — 
Abstracts of Proceedings, 1882-3, and 
1883-4, pts. 1 and 2. 



11 



DONATIONS— (7on<wme(/. 



Liverpool Geological Association : — 
Annual Report, 1883 ; Transactions, 
vol. 3. 
LiVEROOL Geological Society : —Proceed- 
ings, vol. 4, pts. 4 and 5. 
Liverpool Incouporated Law Society : — 
Proceedings at the Annual General 
Meetings, 1880-82. 
Liverpool Institutions, &c. : — Reports 
have been received from the foUovcing : 
Amateur Photographic Association, 
Auxiliary Bible Society, Council of 
Education, Catholic Reformatory Associ- 
ation, Diocesan Institutions, Juvenile 
Reformatory Association, Microscopical 
Society, School for the Deaf and Dumb, 
School of Science, Shipwreck and 
Humane Society, Training Ship " Inde- 
fatigable." 
Liverpool (Lyceum) Library : — Annual 

Supplemental Catalogue. 
Liverpool Medical Institution : — Liver- 
pool Medico-ChirurgicalJournal, No. 6. 
Liverpool Naturalists' Field Club: — 

Proceedings, 1882-3. 
Liverpool Puilomathic Society : — Pro- 
ceedings vol. 28. 
Liverpool' Polytechnic Society : — 
Journals, 44th Session, 3rd-9th Meetings 
and Annual Report, 1882. 
Liveupool University College : — Calen- 
dar, 1883-4 (3 copies). 
Liverpool Water Committee : — Nine 
Photographs of Vyrnwy Valley Water 
Works. 
LiVESEY, R. S. (the Editor) ; — Reminis- 
cences of St Philip's Church, Liverpool. 
London and North-Westebn Railway 
Co, : — Official Tourist's Guide to the 
London and North- Western Railway 
(2 copies). 
Macfie, R. a. (the Author) : — Copyright 
and Patents for Inventions (2 copies) ; 
The Patent Bills of 1883 (2 copies) ; The 
Patent Bills of 1883, No. 2. 
MoGovKRN, Joseph H. (the Author') : — 
Hints to Brewers, &c., on Making 
Alterations to, or Enlarging, or Build- 
ing New Licensed Premises, &c. ; 
Liverpool Compensations. 
Maitland, Fowler (the Author) ; — Build- 
ing Estates. 
Manchester Geological Society : — 

Transactions, vol. 17, pt. 10. 
Manchester Statistical Society : — 

Transactions. 1882-3. 
Marrat, F. p. : — Elementary Ittroduc- 
tion to Mineralogy, by Wm. Phillips, 
2nd, 3rd, 4th, and new editions (4 vols.); 
Geometrical Amusements, by J. H. 
Swale ; Physiological Fragments, by 
John Bywater ; TrSiite general des 
conif^res, par E. A. Carrie re. 



Married Women's Property Com- 
mitter : — Report of the Committee ; 
Rights of Married Women. 
Marshall, George W. (the Author) : 
Miscellanea Marescalliana: beingGenea- 
logical Notes of the Surname of M arshall, 
vol. 1. 
Mason, Thos. (the Author) : — Stirling's 
and Glasgow Public Library, Glasgow. 
Maxwell, Ebv. W. J., M.A. (the 
Author) : — Notes of a Visit to America, 
Mercantile Marine Sbryioe Associa- 
tion ; — Report of the School Ship 
"Conway," 1883. 
Midland Railway Co. : — Official Guide 

to the Midland Railway. 
Millar, James F. :— Historv of Rob Roy, 

by A. H. Millar. 
Natio.n'Al Association for the Promotion 
op Social Science: — Transactions, 
Nottingham Meeting, 1882. 
New South Wale-<, Agent General 
for: — Customs Statistics for 18S2; 
Financial Statement of the Colonial 
Treasurer, New South Wales ; Statis- 
tical Return of theAustralasian Colonies, 
1881 ; Ways and Means, New South 
Wales, 1882 and 1883. 
Newton, A. V. (the Author) : Analysis of 

the Patents Act, 1883. 
Norwegian Government : — Norwegian 
North-Atlantic Expedition, 1876-8, 
pts. 8-10. 
Nottingham Free Public Library : — 
List of Books in the Children's Lending 
Library, 
Ogden, J. , Rochdale : — Companion to the 

Liverpool Museum, 1809. 
Packard, Hon. S. B., U.S. Consul, 
Liverpool : —Reports from the Consuls 
of the United States on the Commerce, 
&c , of their Consular Districts, Nos. 
21-32 and Index ; Annual Report of 
Department of Statistics, State of 
Indiana ; Professional Papers of the 
U.S. Signal Service, Nos. 2, 9, lu ; 
Work of the U.S. Signal Service in the 
Arctic Regions ; U.S. Monthly Weather 
Reports, May-Aug., 1883. 
Peabody Academy op Science: — Memoirs, 

vol. 1, Nos. 1-6. 
Peabody Institute, Baltimore: — 16th 

Annual Report. 
Pearson, Rev. James, MA. (the Author): — 
The Computation of Tides ; Treatise on 
Tides. 
Peoria, III., Public Library:— The 

Library News, No. 5. 
Phillipson and Golder, Messrs. (the 
Publishers) : — Chester Diocesan Calen- 
dar, 1883. 
Pitman, Isaac, Bath : — Eighty -two Vol- 
umes, Sundry Pamphlets, &c. 



12 



DONATIONS— Co«<tHMed 



II 



Pitt and Scott, Messrs. : — Emigrants' 

Guide for 18S3. 
Poole, Mrs. Louisa : — Wilson's Tales of 

the Borders (3 vols.). 
Peeston, Edward (the Author) :— Un- 
claimed Money. 
Psychical Research, Society for : — 

Proceedings, pts. 1-3. 
Queen's College, London: — Calendar, 

188^3. 
Reade, T. Mellard (the Author) : — Drift 
of the North- West of England ; On a 
Section of the Formby and Leasowe 
Marine Beds, &c. ; A Traverse of the 
Yorkshire Drift. 
Rio db Janeiro, Museu Nacional do : — 

Archives, vols. 4 and 5. 
Robinson, S. (the Editor) : — Persian 

Poetry for English Readers. 
Royal Colonial Institute : — Report of 

Proceedings, 1882-3. 
Royal Cornwall PolytechnicSociety ; — 

50th and Jubilee Report, 1882. 
Royal Institute or British Archi- 
tects ; — Transactions, 1882-3; Pro- 
ceedings, 1882-3, Nos. 6-18, 1883-4, 
Nos. 1-6. 
Royal Society of Ddblin : — Scientific 
Transactions, Series 2, vol. 1, pts. 15-19 ; 
vol. 2, pt. 2; Scientific Proceedings, 
vol. 3, N.S. pt. 6. 
Royal Society of Loudon: — Philosophical 
Transactions, vol. 173, pts. 2-4; vol. 
174, pt. 1. 
Royal Society op Victoria : — Tran- 
sactions and Proceedings, vol. 19. 
Royal University of Norway : — Die 
Anamie, von S. Laache; Die lateinische 
partikel "ut," von Bastian Dahl. 
St. Helen's Free Library: — Catalogue, 

pts. 1 and 2. 
St. Louis Public School Library: — 

Bulletin, Nos. 22-24. 
St. Margaret's Institute, Liverpool; — 

Catalogue of the Lending Library. 
Saker, Mrs. Edward, Royal Alexandra 
Theatre, Liverpool : — Playbills, &c,, 
1883. 
Samuelso.n', James: — Cestuinea Dunarei: 
Acte si documente, 1792-1883 (in 
French). 
Shearer, George, M.D. (the Author) : — 
Opium Smoking and Opium Eating : 
their Treatment and Cure. 
Shoolbred, James N. (the Author) : — 

The Measurement of Electricity. 
Signet Library, Edinbvkgh: — Catalogue 

of Printed Books, 2 vols. 
Smithsonian Institution : — Smithsonian 
Miscellaneous Collections, vols. 22-27 ; 
Annual Report, 1881. 



Smyth, Nathaniel (the Compiler) : — 

Drink Map of the City of Liverpool. 
Snaps, Thomas (the Author) : — The 

Growth of Democratic Power. 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland : — 

Proceedings, vol. 4, N.S. 
South Australian Institcte ; —Annual 

Report, 1882-3. 
Sutton, C. W., Public Librarian, Man- 
chestee : — An Account of Ether, by M. 
Turner ; First Lessons in Latin Read- 
ing, by MacGowan ; 6 Local Pamphlets. 
Szyrma, Rev. W. S. Lach, M.A. (the 
Author) : — Cornish Proverbs ; Notes on 
the Churchyard of St. Hilary, Cornwall ; 
Notes on the Borough Records of the 
Towns of Penzance, Marazion, &c. 
Tate, John, Poetadown (the Author) : — 
New Theory of Electricity ; The Uni- 
verse ; The Sun : its Constitution, etc. 
Tinne, John A., J. P. : — Illustrated 
Loudon News, 2-1882, 1-1883; Mit. 
ford's History of Greece (large paper), 
5 vols ; Acts of Parliament on the Alt 
Drainage ; Liverpool Police Force In- 
structions (2nd ed.); and a Collection 
of Local Pamphlets. 
Trinity College, London: — Calendar, 

1883-4 
United States' Government : — Annual 
Report of the Comptroller of the 
Currency, 1881 (2copies); Astronomical 
and Meteorological Observations made 
at the United States' Naval Observatory, 
1876, 1878, and 1879, Appendix II., 
1879 (4 vols,); United States' Coast 
and Geodetic Survey, Reports for 1879, 
1881, and 1882 (4 vols.); United States 
Compendium of the 10th Census, 1880 
(2 vols.) ; Report upon the United 
States Geographical Surveys, West of 
the 100th Meridian (vol. 3); War 
Department Library: Alphabetical Cata- 
logue. 
Vacher, Francis, M.D. (the Author): — 
Tenement Hospitals ; Report on the 
Sanitary Condition of the Borough of 
Birkenhead, 1882. 
Victoria Public Library, Melbourne: — 

Catalogue (2 vols.). 
VigiljinceAssoclation:— Twelfth Annual 

Report. 
Wales, University College of: — Cal- 
endar, 1883-4. 
Walford, Cornelius (the Author) : — 
King's Briefs : their Purposes and 
History. 
Walmsley, G. G. ; — Haining's Guide to 
the Isle of Man ; Albert Fox, the Devout 
Merchant; OrAard's Clerks of Liver- 
pool. 



13 



DONATIONS— C^n<i««f(/. 



Warren-, J. H., M.D. (the Author):— 
Hernia, Strangulated and Reducible. 

Wilson, W. & Son, Liverpool: — Mercan- 
tile Directory of the World : Liverpool 
Section, 1883-4. 

WiNCHELL, N. H, State Geologist, 
Minnesota : — Geoloe;ical and Natural 
History Survey of Minnesota ; Ninth 
Report. 



York Subscription Library : — Appendix 
to Catalogue, 1883. 

Zoological Society of London : — Trans- 
actions, vol. 11, pts. 8-9; Proceedings, 
18S2, pt. 4; 1883, 1-3; List of 
Fellows, 1383 ; List of the Vertebrated 
Animals, 1883, 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, &c., have been presented 
regularly by the publishers : — 



American Settler 

Anglo-American Times 

Birmingham and Sheffield Hardware 

Circular 
Bootle Times 

British and Colonial Printer and Stationer 
British Mercantile Gazette 
British Temperance Advocate 
Builders' Weekly Reporter 
Cambridge Examiner 
Catholic Times 
Christian Commonwealth 
Church of England Temperance Chronicle 
Church Jlis&ionary Gleaner 
Church Missionary Intelligencer 
Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 
Church Standard 
Clergyman's Magazine 
Colonies 

Congregationalist 
Day of Days 
Dietetic Reformer 
Draper 

Ecclesiastical Observer 
Electrical Review 
Englishwoman's Review 
Estates Gazette 
Financial Reformer 
Fireside 

Herald of Health 
Home Review 
Home Words 
Homoeopathic World 
Insurance Gazette of Ireland 
Insurance Times, New York 
Inventors' Record 
Irish Temperance Banner 
Iron and Coal Trades Review 



Journal of Dramatic Reform 
Journal of Speculative Philosophy 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
Journal of the Vigilance Association 
£. 8. d. 
-iiverpool Albion and Telephone 

,, Catholic Times 

,, Courier 

„ Echo 

,, Express 

,, Jewish Magazine 

,, Journal 

,, Mercury 

„ North End Times 

,, Porcupine 
Post 
Methodists' Temperance Magazine 
Money 

Musical Education 
Naval and Military Gazette 
New Church Magazine 
Newcastle Chronicle 
North Times 
Onward 
Oracle 

Preston Herald 
Railway Review 
Sunday Review 
Sydney Mail 
Temperance Record 
Tonic Sol fa Reporter 
Waterloo Times 

West Derby and Wavertree Times 
West Riding Machinery Mart 
Women's Suffrage Journal 
Worcestershire Herald 
Zoophilist 



14 



LENDING LIBRAKIES, 
Table I. — General Statistics : — 



Volumes lent 

Tickets issued to Kew Readers. . 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Total tso. of readers on the books 
Books lost or injured, and paid for 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn . . 
Volumes worn out — replaced. ... 

New volumes added 

Total No. of vols, in the Libraries 



North 


South 




North 


Soath 




Library. 


Library. 


Total. 


Library. 


Library. 




202,710 


176,102 


378,812 


189,102' 


204,789 


393,891 


2,296 


2,139 


4,435 


2,325 1 


2,383 ' 


4,708 


2,142 


1,894 


4,036 


2,161 


2,059 


4,220 


2,344 


2,538 


4,882 


2,513 


2,574 


5,087 


4,411 


4,155 


8,526 


4,459 


4,514 


8,973 


26 


27 


52 


34 


29 


63 











111 


— 1 


U 











596 


483' 


1,078 


443 


411 


854 


572 


380 


952 


513 


488 


1,001 


657 


515 


1,172 


22,478 


22,S79 


45,357 


21,965 


22,391 


44,356 



Table II. — Showing- the Classification of Volumes Lent and Added : — 



Volumes Lent. 



Volumes Added. 



North 
Library. 



South 
Library. 



North 
Library. 



South ; _ 
Library. I ToTAt. 



Theology 

Natural Philosophy 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

Histor)- and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities .... 

Voj'ages and Travels ' 

Miscellaneous Literature 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics' 
Commerce and Political Econom)'] 
Education, Languages, and LogiC| 

Poetry and the Drama 

Prose Fiction ! 

Latin and Greek Classics ...... 

Books for the Blind 



3,642 


2,958 


6,600 


16 


10 


26 


2,969 • 


2,686 


5,655 





7 


12 


2,225 ; 


2,122 


4,347 


13 


n 


24 


8,358 


7,024 1 


15,382 


31 


27 


58 


9,239 ! 


7,867 1 


17,106 


40 


43 


83 


1,062 1 


857 


1,919 


7 


8 


15 


5,740 ' 


4,652 


10,392 


32 


33 


65 


12,463 [ 


10,301 1 


22,764 


109 


111 


220 


40-Zi 


309 


711 


1 


2 


3 


593 


515 


1,108 


8 


3 


11 


1,868 


1,230 


3,098 


5 


3 


8 


1,229, 


1,721 


2,950 


14 


12 


26 


152,683 1 


133,284 


285,967 


232 


218 


450 


186 


318 


504 








— 


51 : 


258 


309 


— 


— 


— 



Total 202,710 



176,102' 378,812! 513 



488 



1001 



f 



15 
MUSEUM. 

The Visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows : — 

18?3. 1S82 

214 Days. 213 Days. 

Total Visitors in the year 386,275 391,237 

"Weekly average 7,425 7,523 

Daily average 1,805 1,836 

The 18th of October, 1883, was the 22nd anniversary of the opening 
of the Museum in the present building. 

The total number of Visitors during that time amounts to 9,459,864, 
giving a yearly average of 429,993. 

DONATIONS. 

The tail of a large Eay ; a fine serrated-spined Echinus ; specimens 
of Sponges, and an important collection of Marine specimens, specially 
dredged and collected at Singapore for the Museum by Staff Surgeon- 
Major Archer; presented by himself and his brother, Mr. Frank 
Archer. 

Life-sized Models, coloured from nature, of the Menhaden, "VMiitefish 
and Spanish Mackerel, in illustration of the method adopted for the 
representation of the principal Fishes of the United States; a Salmon 
from the Atlantic coast and one from the Pacific coast ; and Catalogues 
A, B, C, D, E, and F, prepared for the International Fisheries' Exhi- 
bition, London ; exchange presentation by Professor Spencer F. Baird, 
Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries, U.S.A., per Mr. R. Edward Earll. 

Three specimens of Sea Snakes (Chersydrus) from the Java Seas ; 
presented by Mr. Wm. Baldwin. 

Two male specimens of the Golden-winged Bird of Paradise, Diphyl- 
lodes chrysoptera, Gould, from New Guinea; presented by Dr. G. 
Bennett, Sydney; Corresponding Member of the Literary and Philo- 
sophical Society of Liverpool ; per Mr. J. G. Roberts. 

Moths, Pupae, and Drawirg of Caterpillar, of Egyptian " Cotton 
Worm ; " presented by Mr. Richard BenweU. 

Two living specimens of Horse-shoe Crab, or King Crab {LimuUis 
polyphemus) ; presented by Mr. Eugene Blackford, New York. 

Three large Centipedes, from Gutzlafi" Island, Shanghai; presented 
by Mr. C. W. Bond, per Mr. J. M. King. 



16 

A Skull of a Walrus, from Newfoundland, killed by explosive shell, 
which destroyed lower law ; presented by Mr. W. B. Bowring. 

Four specimens of the Steamer Duck, Micropterus cinerens ,- a King 
Penguin, Aptenodytes pennantii ; and a Cormorant, from the Straits of 
Magellan ; presented by Mr. M. F. Buchner. 

Ten Sharks' Teeth, from the Phosphate Beds, near Bull Run, South 
Carolina ; and three fragments of Cetacean Bones, from the same 
locality ; presented by Mr. John Burnley. 

Specimens of two Pentremitidea schultzii, D'Orb, Devonian, Laon, 
Spain; two Prntremites pyriformis, Say, Chester Limestone, Illinois, 
U.S. ; presented by Mr. Herbert Carpenter. 

The Skin of a male Paradise Eifle-Bird, Epimachus paradisea, from 
Brunswick Eiver, New South Wales ; collected and presented by Mr. 
Theophilus Carrington. 

A piece of Silicified Palm (?) stem showing peculiar internal structure ; 
presented by Mr. D. Clague. 

A Collection of Natural History Specimens, chiefly from California, 
containing numerous specimens of Reptiles, Amphibia, Insects, 
Crustacea, Echinoderms, and a large series of Mollusca ; also Botanical 
and Rock specimens, &c. ; a fine specimen of the Heloderma, or 
Poisonous Lizard, from Arizona ; and living examples of several 
American species of Helix; presented, and mostly collected, by Mr. 
A. W. Crawford, Oakland, California ; formerly of Liverpool. 

A Molar Tooth of Toxodon (an extinct gigantic mammal), from Frey 
Bentos, Banda Oriental ; presented by Mr. Charles Croker. 

Selections from a collection of Shells from Scinde; a Sting Ray 
(Trygon) ; two specimens of Indian Crustacea {Penceus and Palinurus); 
and four specimens of Amphibia and Reptiles (Rana, Emys and 
Trionyx) ; presented by Dr. Francis Day, Special Commissioner for 
India, International Fisheries Exhibition, London. 

Two specimens of Indian Starfish (Aster ias), and five specimens of 
Crustacea {Lupea and Platyonichus) ; presented by Dr. Francis Day. 

A large living specimen of Mygale (or so-called Bird-catching Spider), 
from Old Calabar ; presented by Mr. W. J. Davey. 

A Dog Fox, shot at Knowsley ; presented by the Earl of Derby. 



« 



17 

Nest of Tree "Wasp, from Brazil ; presented by Mr. F. W. Earle. 

A collection of Osseous remains from the Breccia or Ursine deposit of 
Kent's Cavern, representing 31 finds, with exact reference to each place 
of finding ; presented by Lord Haldon (proprietor of the cavern) and the 
British Association, per Mr. Wm. Peugelly, F.R.S. 

Living specimens of Roach and other Freshwater Fishes for the 
Aquarium ; presented by Mr. John Hannam. 

Specimens of three species of Bivalve Shells, Scrohicularia piperata, 
Cardium echde, and Tellina solidula, from the boulder-clay of North 
Wales ; presented by Mrs. Gr. C. Harrison, per Mr. Alderman 
Samuelson. 

Two enlarged Diagram Drawings of Foraminifera and Polycystins ; 
drawn and presented by the Misses T. and M. Longuet Higgins. 

A small Oil Painting of a Sahno ferox, caught at Loch Awe, Sept., 
1883; presented by Mr. Thomas Higgin, F.L.S. 

An Osprey, caught at sea off the west coast of South America; 
presented by Capt. Thos. Hughes, ship " New York." 

A Hawksbill Turtle, from Pernambuco ; presented by Mr. Geo. Hulse. 

Specimens of 72 species of British Polyzoa, mounted on slides for 
microscopic examination and study ; prepared and presented by Miss E. 
C. Jelly. 

A small collection of Freshwater Fish ; living Cocoons of Atlas Moths; 
living Larvae of Oiketicus ; living Molluscs, Bidimus, from Santo Paulo; 
and a Larvte in spirit of Attacus, from the Organ Mountams ; specimens 
of Renilla, and Echinoderms {Luidia, OpMura, and Melitta), from the 
coast of Santo Paulo ; also a second collection of Butterflies and Moths, 
with then- transformations, from Santo Paulo, Brazil, collected, bred, 
and presented, together with notes on their various stages, by Mr. E. 
Dukinfield Jones, C.E., Corresponding Member of the Literary and 
Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 

A collection of Specimens, chiefly Marine, dredged between Liverpool 
and the west coast of South America, together with date and place of 
capture, and other notes and observations ; also a living specimen of the 
Fishing Frog, and two living specimens of Pipe Fish, with examples 
of the nest of the former, from the Sargasso Sea; collected and presented 
by Capt, S. Griffith Jones, barque " Hermine." 



19 

Two pieces of Heliopora ccBVulea, a rare coral, with blue fracture; 
presented by Miss Keen. 

A Nest of the Oven Bird [Furnarius) , brought from the Eiver Plate 
by Capt. Edward Hairby, S.S. "Maskelyne;" presented by Messrs. 
Lamport and Holt. 

Four living young Tortoises, from Shanghai ; presented by Mr. Wm. 
Lane. 

The Skull of a Four-horned Sheep, from the Seaport of Supe, 10 miles 
North of Callao; the rostrum of a Saw-Fish (Pristis), from Peyta, 
Peru ; the Nest of a Weaver Bird from Akyab, Bay of Bengal ; and a 
piece of Teak bored by Teredos in 4 months at Eangoon ; presented by 
Capt. Alexander Mackey. 

A group of Sand Tubes of a Marine Annelid {Hermella), from the 
Eiver Mersey ; presented by Mr. Eobert McMillan. 

A young specimen of Eared Seal, from the South Pacific ; two speci- 
of Sciaenoid Fish ; a specimen of Calyj)tocephalus gayi ; six specimens 
of two species of Crustacea ; thirteen specimens of Shells {Mytilus, 
Unio and Helix), and samples of Actinice, dried for food, exchange 
presentation from the Chilian Commission, International Fisheries 
Exhibition, London, per His Excellency Sr. Don Marcial Martinez and 
Major G. S. Sewell-Gana. 

Two specimens, male and female, of a Silk Moth {Cricula trifene- 
strata), from Burmah ; presented by Mr. F. Moore, F.Z.S. 

A Cast, (taken from a Human Skull which was found in cutting a 
trench for a sewer in Gloucester Eoad, Birkdale, 1872), given by Mr. T. 
Mellard Eeade, F.G.S. (who had the cast made) to Mr. G. H. Morton, 
F.G.S., and by Mr. Morton presented to the Museum. The skull was 
obtained from the workmen who found it by Mr. Kershaw, of Birkdale, 
who presented it to the Eoyal College of Surgeons, London. — See 
Geological Magazine, for Dec, 1883, p. 547. 

Specimens of three species of Fossil Shells from the Lower Greensand, 
viz., Terebratula Monetoniana, T. Fittoni, and T. Sella, var. upivarensis ; 
presented by Mr. G. H. Morton, F.G.S. 

Living specimens of the Quahaug or American Hard-Clam, Venus 
mercenaria, for Aquaria and Naturalization experiments ; presented by 
Capt. J. H. Mortimer, Premier Associate of the Literary and Philo- 
sophical Society of Liverpool. 



19 

A specimen of Peripatus capensis, collected by Prof. Moseley, in 
South Africa, and believed by him to be a nearly related representative 
of the Ancestor of all the Insects and the Tribes related thereto ; also 
specimens illustrative of the young stages of Julus ; presented by Prof. 
H. N. Moseley, F.E.S. 

A Blue-fronted Amazonian Parrot {Chrysotis cestiva) ; presented by 
Mrs. Charles Newman. 

Nine specimens of Australian Fish of the genera Arripis, Urolophus, 
Girella, Scorpcena, Chrysophrijs, Aracana and Trigla ; two specimens 
of Crustacea {Palinuridce) ; and two specimens of Trepang {Holothuria) ; 
exchange presentation from the New South Wales Commission, Inter- 
national Fisheries Exhibition, London, per Mr. E. P. Eamsay, F.L.S., 
Secretary. 

Two specimens preserved in salt, of a rare Cetacean, Pontoporia 
Blainvillii, expressly obtained for the Museum ; two Nests of the 
Oven Bird, Furnarius, and a large Nest of the Camoate or Wild Bee; also 
four large Fishes from the Kiver Plate {Platy stoma, Salminus dc.) ; 
presented by Mr. P. H. Rathbone. 

Five young living Alligators, Alligator Mississijnensis ; presented by 
Capt. Reynolds. 

The Tooth of a Shark, from the Phosphate Beds, South Carolina ; 
presented by Mr. John S. Rigby. 

A large glazed Show Case 9 feet high, 10 feet long, and 6 feet wide 
(specially made to exhibit the series of Newfoundland Seals presented to 
the Museum by Mr. C. Bowring, lent at his request for the Inter- 
national Fisheries Exhibition, London) ; presented by Sir Ambrose 
Shea, Commissioner for Newfoundland ; also a large specimen of New- 
foundland Codfish. 

The Skin of a Crocodile and three young living Terrapins, from 
Belize ; presented by Dr. Soldat. 

Specimens of Coleoptera (Chrysomela) and Orthoptera {Epacromia), 
from Constantinople ; also a Fossil Shell, Spirifera Walcottii, Lias ; 
collected and presented by Mrs. Malcolm Thomson. 

Specimens of Addiewell "Plain" and "Curly" Shale; presented by 
Mr. Henry A. Tobias. 



20 

A specimen of Arenocolites (?) ; or supposed Annelid track from Hawes' 
Flags, Addleboro', Askrigg ; presented by Mr. Wm. Turner. 

A specimen of the Gwyniad, Coregonus clupeoides, from Bala Lake; 
presented by Mr. Wm. Owen, per favour of Mr. Owen Slaney Wynne. 

A Silk Moth (Attacus cynthia), from New York; caught and presented 
by Mr. James Weir. 

A collection of Marine Specimens dredged and collected between 
Liverpool and Callao ; presented by Capt. W. H. Cawne Warren, 
Associate of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 

Eight shells from Middlesborough, Claasilia nigricans and Pupa ; 
presented by ■ 

PURCHASES. 

The principal purchases during the year are as follows, many of the 
Vertebrates being for Osteological purposes : — 

A Pluto Monkey ; a young Muff Monkey (Colobus) ; male, female, 
and foetus of Aye-Aye {Chiromys Madar/ascariensis) ; specimens of 
Centetes ; Arctic Fox ; West African Porcupine ; European Beaver ; 
Llama ; Head of Roe Deer, from Amur River ; a Flamingo ; Pelican ; 
Cej'lon Lory ; and Magellanic Goose ; two Viperine Snakes ; an 
Arctic Chimsera Fish ; an Australian Spined Shark ; an Eagle Ray 
(Urogymnus), and egg capsules of the Cestracion, or Port Jackson 
Shark ; a Hippopotamus Skull ; Lower Jaw of West Africn Elephant, 
prepared to display development and progression of the teeth ; 
Skeletons of the New Zealand Owl-Parrot {Stringops), and of the 
Kagu {Rhinochetus), from New Caledonia. 

Skulls of Proboscis Monkey, Apterys, Boatbill, and other Osteological 
specimens. 

A collection of sixty named species of small Marine Crustacea, found 
on the Arctic coasts of Norway, and most probably being a chief food for 
salt-water fishes ; named, prepared and mounted by Sparre Schneider, 
of the Tromso Museum, for the International Fisheries Exhibition, 
London ; specimens of fourteen species of Crustacea, from Japan, and 
eighteen species from Jersey. 

A large Melon Shell {Melo) and seven selected Shells from Western 
Australia ; twenty selected specimens of thirteen species of Shells fi'om 



21 

D'Eutrecastreaux Island, South East Coast of New Guinea ; twenty-nine 
spi^cimens of twenty species of Marine Shells from Japan ; fourteen 
specimens of seven genera of Shells, including Cyclosurus, Waldheimia, 
Siphonium, &c. ; the original type specimen of Peripoma Angasi, and 
5 other shells from Vancouver Island. Three specimens of Starfishes ; 
two large specimens of the Japanese Glass-rope Sponge {Hyalonema) , 
and other Corals and Sponges. 

A femur and humerus of Pliosaurus ; a Jaw of Ceratodus, and other 
fossils from the Ouse Bone-bed, Bristol ; a compressed specimen of 
Ammonites Bucklandi; specimens of Trilobites (Homalonotus and 
Encrinurus) &c. ; a series of Fish Teeth, &c., from the Woodbridge 
district of the Red Crag of Suffolk ; polished sections of unworn cusps 
of Mastodon and a tooth of Elephas antiqiius, also from the Bed Crag of- 
Sufi-olk. 

Eighteen electrotype facsimiles of small Labyrinthodont remains from 
the Gaskohle und der Kalksteine der Permformation Bbhmens, by 
Dr. Ant. Fritsch. 

Vertical, horizontal, and oblique semi-transparent sections of forty 
species of European w^ood, mounted by Burkart. 

COURSES OF AUTUMN FREE LECTURES. 
Three Experimental Lectures were delivered by Prof. J. Campbell 
Brown, D.Sc, University College, Liverpool, in the Rotunda Lecture 
Hall, in continuation of his previous Courses on the " Chemical 
Elements." The subject treated of was Sidplmr and its compounds. 

The total attendance amounted to 2,128, giving an average per 
Lecture of 709. 



A course of three Lectures, on the Development and Modification of 
Plants, was delivered in the Rotunda Lecture Hall, by the Rev. John 
Gerard, S.J. of Stonyhurst College ; and the attendance amounted to 
1622, giving an average of 540. 

A course of four popular Lectures, on the Instruments used in Modern 
Astronomical Observatories, and the information they afford us regarding 
the nature of the Heavenly Bodies, was delivered by the Rev. S. J. 
Perry, S.J., F.R.S. The attendance at these Lectures amounted to 
4,164, giving an average per Lecture of 1,038. 



22 

WINTER FREE LECTURES. 
The Eighteenth Winter Course of Free Lectures, forty in number, was 
delivered in the Rotunda Lecture Hall, in Januarj^ February, and 
March, 1883. 

Total number of persons who attended the Lectures '. 45,045 

Average per Lecture 1,126 

Against 41,295 in 1882. Average attendance, 1,032. 

List. 

The Great Buildings of the World ; , illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light; by Sir J. A. Picton, F.S.A. 

Periodic Comets ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light ; by Mr. R. 
C. Johnson, F.R.A.S. 

The History of an Apple ; illustrated by Sketches and Diagrams ; by 
the Rev. John Gerard, S.J. 

The Interstellar ^ther, and its functions ; illustrated by experiments, 
and by the Electric Light ; by Dr. Oliver J. Lodge, Professor of Physics, 
University College, Liverpool. 

" Recent Arctic Explorations ; " with illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light of the Voyages of Her Majesty's Ships "Alert " and " Discovery," 
and the Steam Yacht " Fox " ; by Captain Edward Stubbs, R.N. 

From Atlantic to Pacific — the Isthmus of Panama, and its Canal : 
with dioramic effects ; by Mr. W. H. Golding, Lecturer to the late Royal 
Polytechnic Institution, London. 

A Naturalist's Experiences on the Coast of Brittany ; with diagrams 
and illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen Light ; by Dr. W. A. Herdman, 
F.L.S., F.R.S.E., Professor of Natural History, University College, 
Liverpool. 

Local Geology, and What it Teaches ; by Mr. T. Mellard Reade, F.G.S. 

Character Created by Art ; by Mr. E. R. Russell. 

Sir Francis Drake, the first English Captain who Sailed Rouad the 
World ; by Mr. J. MacCunn, M.A., Professor of Philosophy and Political 

Economy, University College, Liverpool. 

Readings and Recitals from Shakespeare, Aytoun, and others; by Mr. 
Alexander Tough. 

Old English Towns ; illustrated with pictures, shown by the Oxy- 
hydrogen Light ; by Mr. James Birchall. 



23 



Greek Social Life; with illustrations by the Oxyhydvogen Light; by 
Mr. G. H. Kendall, M.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Canabndge, 
Principal of University College, Liverpool. 

Handel, His Times and Music ; illustrated by Vocal and Instrumental 
Music; by Mr. W. J. Stewart, B.A., and Mr. H. A. Branscombe. 

Readings : Humorous, Dramatic, and Poetic, original and selected ; by 
Mr. Robert Crompton. 

The Lady of the Lake ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light; by 
Mr. James Birchall. 

Matter and its Forces; illustrated by experiments; by Mr. J. 
Abbott, B.A. 

Schubert, his Times and Music ; illustrated by Vocal and Instrumental 
Music; by Mr. W. J. Stewart, B.A., and Mr. H. A. Branscombe. 

An Idea of a Museum; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light; by 
Mr. C. T. Gatty, F.S.A., Curator of the Mayer Museum. 

Pompeii, or Roman Provincial Life in the Time of Nero; with 
illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen Light; by the Rev. E. C. Selwyn, 
Principal of Liverpool College. 

Coal and its Products; illustrated by experiments; Dr. George 
Tate, F.G.S., F.C.S. 

Success; by the Rev. Hugh Stowell Brown. 

The Telephone, Microphone, and Photophone ; illustrated by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light ; by Mr. Wm. Lant Carpenter, B.A., B.Sc, 1 .C.b. 

The Transformation of Insects, as exemplified in the Silk Worm, the 

Gnat, the Locust, and the Grasshopper; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 

Light; by Dr. J. Sibley Hicks, F.R.M.S. 

The Life and Writings of William Makepeace Thackeray; by the 
Rev. S. Fletcher WilUams. 

To our Young Men and Young Women; by the Rev. J. Henry Skewes. 
Humorous and Dramatic Recitals from English and American 
Authors ; by Mr. William Bennett. 

The Mouths of Insects : How they Bite and Suck ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light; by Dr. J. Sibley Hicks, F.R.M.S. 



24 

Oliver Cromwell; by Mr. A. C. Bradley, M.A., Fellow of Baliol Col- 
lege, Oxford ; Professor of Modern Literature and History, University 
College, Liverpool. 

Harmony and Discord ; with illustrations of their Optical Study by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light; by the Rev. Sebastian Sircom, M.A., S.J. 

Eoscoe and his Life ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light ; by Mr. 
Henry Clark. 

The Geology of the Country Around Liverpool; by Mr. G. H, 
Morton, F.G.S. 

Sugar and Cotton from a Chemical Point of View ; illustrated by 
experiments ; by Mr. Edward Davies, F.C.S., F.LC. 

On Amateur Art, Useful and Ornamental ; with illustrations ; by Mr. 
Charles Dyall, Curator of the Walker Art Gallery. 

Working Men who have Risen; by Mr. C. F. Lumb, M.A., LL.M. 

Facial Expression. Illustration : The Passions. By Mr. Henry 
VandenhofT. 

The Great Truths of Astronomy ; and the Recent Transit of Venus ; 
with illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen Light ; by Dr. Robert S. Ball, 
LL.D., F.R.S., Andrews Professor of Astronomy, University of Dublin, 
and Ro3^al Astronomer of Ireland. 

Books : A few Thoughts for Working Men on the Subject of Reading; 
by the Rev. J. Burbidge. 

Home Readings : Ballads and Stories ; by Mr. Henry Vandenhoff. 



The Liverpool School of Science has had the use of rooms as in 
former years, and the following courses of Lectures are being delivered 
in connection with the Department of Science and Art, South Ken- 
sington : — 

Solid Geometry By Mr. A. J. Briant. 

Machine Drawing ... Do. 

Building Construction Do. 

Animal Physiology By Dr. J. W. Ellis. 

Hygiene, or Science of Health Do. 

Agriculture By Mr. C. F. Cooper. 



25 
MAYER MUSEUM. 



REPORT. 

During the past year a subscription copy, on large paper, of the 
Mediaeval Catalogue was issued (with the Committee's permissiDn) by 
Mr. G. G. Walmsley, of Lord Street. The work is illustrated with 
twenty autotype plates of some of the principal objects in the collection, 
and intended to make more widely known some of the treasures which 
the Mayer Museum possess. The Rev. Fr. Strassmaier, S.J., has copied 
and examined the inscriptions on the Babylonian clay tablets, and 
described the same before the Congress of Orientalists, at Leyden, in 
whose proceedings they will be published. Cases have been provided for 
the Electrotypes of Coins presented by the Trustees of the British 
Museum, and a stand for the Photographs of the Egyptian collection. 
Numerous additions have been made in the Ethnographical Collection. 

At the request of the Marquess of Bute, permission has been given to 
Mr. C. T. Gatty, the Curator, to accompany his Lordship on a visit to 
the Museums and Art Treasures of Greece and Italy. It is believed 
that the knowledge thus acquired by Mr. Gatty cannot fail to be of 
advantage to the Museum under his care. 

DONATIONS. 

Two eighteenth century Quadrants, and two Compasses ; presented by 
Mr. William Edkins, of Bristol. 

Print of an eighteenth century English Cutter ; presented by Mr. J. 
H. Gibson. 

Doll, dressed in furs, &c., from Archangel ; presented by Mr. J. H. 
Smart. 

Two Clay Weights (Greek Period), from Elephantine ; presented by 
Rev. G. J. Chester. 

Lithographic reproduction of a View of London ; presented by Mr. 
Charles H. Beloe. 

Model Canoe or Kayak, from Greenland ; also model of a Surf-boat, 
from Mexico ; presented by Dr. A. F. W. Soldat. 

" McFarlane's Calculating Cylinder, Glasgow ; " presented by Mr. S. 
Leigh-Gregson. 



26 

Series of Electrotypes of Greek and Roman Coins ; presented by the 
Trustees of the British Museum. 

Model of a Danish War Vessel ; presented by Mr. J. Lorrimer. 
Eight Packs of German Playing Cards ; presented by Lord Arthur 
Russell. 

Four roughly shaped Flint Implements, from Ras, near Beyrut ; pre- 
sented by the Rev. G. J. Chester. 

Bow, two Arrows, Club, Sword, and a Model Out-rigger ; presented by 
Captain Mackay. 

Collection of Ethnographical specimens from West Africa ; presented 
by Mr. P. A. McCaun. 

Arab Charms, in carnelian, in shape of arrow heads, from Meccah ; 
and an early Silver Coin of Athens ; presented by the Rev. G. J. Chester. 
Fuegian Fish, spear -head in bone, and a Chilian Coin ; presented by 
Mr. James Richardson. 

Collection of Ethnographical specimens from West and West Central 
Africa; presented by Mr. J. G. C. Harrison. 

Grotesque Figure of a Man, carved out of knotted wood, from Foochow, 
China ; presented by Mr. William Cliff. 

Seven flint cores from the Rohri Hills in Scindh ; presented by Sir 
John Lubbock, Bart. 

Cast of a Roman Statuette of an Archer (?), found in London; pre- 
sented by Mr.. Charles Roach Smith, F.S.A. 

Native Iron Weapon, from Axim, Gold Coast, West Africa ; presented 
by Mr. R. B. N. Walker. 

Bow and Quiver of Arrows, from the Yoruba Country, West Africa ; 
presented by Mr. Thomas Jones. 

Two Bows and Quivers of Poisoned Arrows, a Knife, and five Spear- 
heads, from the Abongo Country, West Africa ; presented by Mr. C. H. 
Bateman. 

PURCHASES. 

Series of Photographs for the Navigation Collection. 
Cloisonne Enamel Vase, Japanese. 
Compass, made by Thomas Cave, of Dublin. 



27 

Medal, in silver, commemorating an English alliance with Holland in 

1667. , „ .,. , 

Twenty-three Electrotypes from Coins and Medals m the British 

Museum. 

Silver I^Iedal for English Arctic Discoveries. 

Silk Handkerchief, on which is printed the playbill of a theatrica 
performance on board H.M.S. "Assistance," one of the vessels employed 
in the Franklin search expedition. 

Two "Tanagra" Terra-cotta Figures, and an Etruscan Finger-ring and 
Pair of Earrings. 

Quadrant ; date about 1830. 

Japanese Porcelain Lacquered Vase. 

Model of a Canoe, from Java. 

Thirteen very fine specimens of old Chinese Porcelain. 

Four pieces of African Ring-money. 

African Charm, in a silver case. 

European Wine or Beer Bottle, mounted in red and black leather by 
the Mandingoes, W. Africa. 

Australian Implement, made from an English sheep shear blade. 

Two Prints of Ships. 

Model of a Chinese Pleasure Boat, 

Model of a Ship, made of bone. 

Fox's Head, in cream-coloured pottery; probably Wedgwood ware. 

Basin, of unusually good Silver Lustre, upon English (probably 
Staffordshire) ware. 

Porcelain Jug, with black printed design upon it. Liverpool (?) 

Nine Silver Earrings and Buckles, from Bolivia. 

Phoenician and Roman Coins ; Figures and Paddles from Egyptian 
Models of Boats, and other specimens, illustrating the subject of 
Navigation. 

Tortoise-shell Mask ; probably from Darnley Island. 
Herclaneum ,T«,., with the Liverpool and Louden Coaeh pamted 
on it. 



28 
Three Engraved Shells. 

Indian Sacrificial Axe, with the Buddhist emhlem of the human eye 
upon it; from Nepal. (?) 

Four Japanese Nutskies, in wood. 

Enamelled Box, with printed subject : Victory holding a portrait of 
George III. 

Club, in wood, from the New Hebrides Islands. 

Figures, in old Staffordshire pottery. 

Model of a Cingalese Surf-boat, 



29 

WALKER ART GALLEY. 

The Gallery has been open to the public on 256 days, and closed for 
cleaning and re-arrangement on 57 days. 

408,504 persons have visited the Gallery during the year, being a 
daily average of 1,595. Of this number 63,464 paid for admission to 
the Autumn Exhibition, and the total also includes 9,280 pupils from 
schools of various denominations, admitted free by invitation of the 
Committee. The Committee during the year found it necessary to afford 
increased facilities to art students copying in the gallery, and in addition 
to the students' day on Friday, to permit copying every day from 
8 to 11 a.m. 

The Descriptive Catalogue compiled by the Curator has met with a 
large sale, more than 16,000 copies having been sold since its publication 
in July, 1881. 

Ten pictures were lent in August to the Corporation of Southport on 
the occasion of the visit of the British Association to that town. 

The Committee have arranged with Messrs. Brown, Barnes, and Bell 
to prepare photographs of the principal works in the Permanent Col- 
lection, and these will be on sale in the Gallery in a few days. 

The extension of the Walker Art Gallery has been above alluded to. 

It is proposed to open the new rooms in the ensuing autumn, with an 
exhibition of paintings and works of art on an extensive scale. The 
applications already made to the Royal Academy and the other Institu- 
tions of Artists have met with a cordial response, and it is confidently 
anticipated that the proposed artistic collection will, both in quantity and 
quality, surpass any demonstration of the kind hitherto made. 
AUTUMN EXHIBITION OF PICTURES. 

1883. 1882. 
Number of Pictures and other Works of 

Artexbibited 1,636 1,589 

Number of Pictures sold 226 311 

Amount realized by sales £8,472 10 6 £7,868 3 6 

Season Tickets 2,098 381 3 6 2,592 476 1 

Admissions at one shilling 26,041 1,302 1 28,603 1,430 3 

Ditto sixpence 10,936 273 8 11,967 299 3 6 

Ditto threepence 24.389 304 17 3 26,624 332 16 

Catalogues sold 434 15 9 472 14 6 

Commission on sales 403 13 362 8 9 

Miscellaneous receipts 32 6 10 23 111 

Amount received, exclusive of sales 2,696 5 6 3,010 18 

The following Table will be read with interest by all concerned in the 
culture of Art : — 



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ADDITIONS TO THE PERMANENT COLLECTION. 

'VBCHASED — 

Water ColoiLr Drawings, dtc. — 

" Sheep Washing — Cheshire Marshes," by John Pedder. 
The Hotel de Ville, Louvaine, by Sam Prout. 

A series of Drawings illustrating "Pleasant Spots Round Oxford," 
by Alfred Rimmer. 

A series of Drawings and Sketches of Welsh Scenery, &c., by 
Albert Hartland. 

Drawing in Chalk, by Dante G. Rossetti. 

A series of Photographs from Pictures in the Museum at St. 
Petersburg. 

Oil Paintings — 

"The Thames at Deptford," by H. T. Dawson. 
" The Pedlar," by Fred. Morgan. 
" Everton Village," by Charles Towne. 
Portrait of General Gascoyne, M.P., by J. Lonsdale. 
"Motherless," by Arthur Stocks (from the Liverpool Autumn 
Exhibition of 1883). 

" Daily Bread," by T. B. Kennington (from the Liverpool Autumn 
Exhibition of 1883). 

" A Stowaway," by Alfred Dixon (from the Liverpool Autumn 
Exhibition of 1883). 

" Tried Friends," by William Huggias. 

WORKS PRESENTED. 
Oil Paintings — 

"A Mean Advantage,' by F. Mazzotta; presented by William 

Preston, Esq. 
Landscape, by John Rathbone ; presented by P. H. Rathbone, 

Esq., J.P. 
Portrait of Michael James Whitty, by John Bishop ; presented by 
T. R. Russell, Esq. 



32 

Portrait of Wm. Daniels, by himself; presented by Lewis 
Hughes, Esq. 

"The Beach at Scheveningen," by W. J. J. C. Bond; presented 
by Wm. Kadcliffe, Esq. (Mayor, 1883). 

"Friday," by W. Dendy Sadler; presented by Jas. Pegram, Esq. 

" Fruit and Flowers," by Th. Gronland ; presented by Mr. Alder- 
man Livingston, J. P. 

"Judgment of Paris," by Franz Floris. 

"Eve of the Regatta," by William Logsdail ; presented by James 
Harrison, Esq. 

Engraving of St. Cecilia, after Dominichino ; presented by Abel 
Boadle, Esq. 

Terra Cotta Statuette of the Rt.-Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P., by 
A. Bruce .Joy; presented by G. H. Croxden Powell, Esq. 

30 Plates Autotype Reproductions of EaYly Italian Prints ; pre- 
sented by the Trustees of the British Museum. 

Plaster Bust of Thalberg; presented by Wm. Radcliffe, Esq. 
(Mayor, 1883). 

Plaster Bust of Dr. Martineau, LL.D., D.D., by Edward Ryley ; 
presented by R. C. Hall, Esq. 

Plaster Bust of Sir Hugh Owen, by W. Davies ; presented by John 
Roberts, Esq,, M.P. 



Signed on behalf of the Committee, 



J. A. PICTON, Kt., 

Chaibman. 





THIMT-SECOND 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 



WALKER AET GALLERY 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 





{ LIVERPOOL: 

1 FEINTED BY HENKY GIJEEKAVOOD, 32, CASTLE STEEET, 

1HH5. 





^^-c^^-^ 



THIRTY-SECOND 

ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 



AND 



WALKEK ART GALLERY 



OF THE 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 



^Ws- 




LIVERPOOL: 
HENRY GREENWOOD, PRINTER, 32, CASTLE STREET. 

1885. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 
For the Yeai-s 1884-85. 



Committee. 

Sir JAMES ALLANSON PICTON, f.s.a., Chairmait. 

Alderman EDWARD SAMUELSON, Deputt-Chairm.^n. 

DAVID RADCLIFFE, Mayor. 

„,^^ I ROBERT D. HOLT. 

ANTHONY BOWER. 

. THOMAS HOLDER. 

STEWART HENRY BROWN. THOMAb 

WILLIAM J. LUNT. 
ANDREW COMMINS, ll.d., m.p. "'i*^^ 

JOSEPH MAYER, f.s.a. 

JOHN DAVIES, ,.TTQT.T? 4TT 

EDMUND K. MUSPRATT. 
GEORGE C DOBELL. ^^^^t^ 

A..BRHAK SIR W. B. FORWOOD. JAMES POOLE. 

Alderman sir PHILIP H. RATHBONE. 

KOBEET EAMILION ^ ^^^^^^^^ 

Rev. H. H. HIGGINS, m.a. ' 

Alderman Sir A. B. WALKER. 

Chief Librarian. 
PETER COWELL. 

Sub- Librarian. 
THOMAS FORMBY. 

Curator of the Miiseum. 
THOMAS J. MOORE. 

Curatvr of the Walker Art Gallery. 
CHARLES DYALL. 



REPORT. 



The Committee feel pleasure in having to report a year of continued 
success and progress, which has been memorable in the history of the 
Institution. 

In the last year's Keport it was stated that the buildings comprising 
the extension of the Walker Art Gallery were near completion, and that 
the City Council had made a grant which would cover the balance due 
on the erection. Subsequently Sir Andrew B. Walker, to whom the 
City is indebted for the cost of the original building, has nobly come 
forward and paid into the City Fund the entire cost of the structure, 
amounting to £11,720. This has increased the debt of gratitude due 
from the public to their generous-hearted fellow-citizen, and has been 
expressed by the presentation of an address, prepared in the first style 
of art, commemorative of the event. 

The new building was opened on August 80th, 1884, with an 
exhibition of works of art on a scale hitherto unequalled in the Provinces. 
A separate report has been issued containing the details and statistics, 
but it may here be succinctly mentioned that in addition to the usual 
annual exhibition, eight societies of artists, including the chief London 
ones, and the Royal Hibernian Academy, contributed to the collection. 

The pecuniary success has been satisfactory, a net balance of £2,070 
having been realised after payment of all expenses. This has been 
expended in. the purchase of pictures for the permanent Gallery. 

The extension of the Walker Art Gallery has enabled the permanent 
collection to be displayed to the best advantage, without being subject 
to the expense and confusion annually incurred by the removal and 
replacement consequent on the annual exhibition. 



A well-deserved compliment has been paid to Mr. Alderman 
Samuelson, the Chairman of the Arts and Exhibition Sub-Committee, 
by giving a commission to Mr. Stirling Lee, the eminent sculptor, for a 
marble bust to be placed in a suitable position in the Gallery. 

The subject of a collection of casts illustrative of the progress of art, 
similar in kind to those at the British Museum, at South Kensington, 
and at the Archteological Museum at Westminster, has occupied the 
attention of the Committee. It is scarcely fair that little or nothing 
should exist out of London which can give to our artisans any insight into 
the progress of art, or furnish examples for their improvement in taste 
and skill. Collections of this class do exist, but they are not free and 
accessible to the public. This Committee are of opinion that the time 
has arrived when a vigorous effort should bo made to remedy this 
deficiency. The sum contributed by Sir Andrew Walker setting free the 
amount set apart from the City Fund by the Council for the erection of 
the Art Gallery, seems reasonably and suitably applicable for this pur- 
pose, and it is hoped that this project will recommend itself for adoption 
during the current year. 

Notwithstanding the increased accommodation obtained by the exten- 
sion of the buildiners, several of the departments are seriously crowded 
for want of room. The fine ethnological collection which is of the most 
interesting character, containing many objects which it would be difficult 
or impossible now to procure, is waiting space for development, and a 
great portion of the Mayer Collection requires more room for its proper 
display. 

The Library also is rapidly gaining upon the space provided, both in 
regard to the storage of books and the accommodation of readers. The 
introduction of newspapers into the Brown Reading Room has been felt 
as a great boon, by the working class especially. It has been found 
necessary to double the original provision, and thus to encroach on the 
space for readers of books. Some relief has been obtained by trans- 
ferring the magazines to the Picton Reading Room, which draws away a 
considerable number and thus gives more accommodation. 

Reference was made in the last Report to the proposed establishment 
of branch reading rooms in different parts of the City. This has now 
been carried out with complete success. From the statistics below it 



will be seen that four reading rooms have been opened, with a collective 
average attendance of 160 each night. 

A third volume of the general catalogue has been recently issued. It 
may here be stated that the plan and arrangement of the Liverpool cata- 
logue has met with general approbation, numerous applications being 
made from various public libraries for copies as models to be followed. 

The serious injury to the bindings of the books by the fumes of the gas 
and the foul air poisoning the atmosphere, led to the trial of the electric 
light, which was found so successful that a contract has been entered 
into for lighting the whole of the Library and Heading Kooms in this 
way at an expense rather below that of the gaslight. 

In the Lending Libraries, a new catalogue for the South Library is in 
the press and will shortly be issued. The two Libraries continue to be 
worked to the full extent of their capacity. 

In the Museum a new departure has been taken by the preparation of 
circulating collections of interesting specimens of natural history of an 
educational kind, which are issued to the various Board and Public 
Schools, and exchanged periodically. This has created a wonderful 
amount of interest and healthy excitement amongst the pupils. The 
selection and arrangement of these has been undertaken by the Rev. H. 
H. Higgins, whose untiring exertions in the cause of education in the 
best sense cannot be too highly valued. 

The Winter Lectures have continued to be interesting and attractive. 
The particulars will be found below. 

In addition to the specially popular series, a course of twelve was given 
on Astronomy by the Rev. Father Perry, Director of the Observatory at 
Stonyhurst. These were largely attended by the artisan class, the average 
attendance being 1,211. A class was formed of students, with an attend- 
ance each evening of 156, At the close of the series an examination wsa 
held, and prizes and certificates were given to the successful com- 
petitors. 

On the whole it may be stated with perfect truth that at no period has 
the Institution been in a more flourishing and useful condition. 

The details and statistics are as follows : — 



REFEEENCE LIBRARY. 
Table I. — Showing the Books issued during the year : — 

Classification. 



Daily 



Volumes. 


Averaj 


25,085 


87 


21,742 


77 


8,597 


31 


32,781 


115 


30,161 


105 


8,983 


31 


13,045 


45 


147,241 


515 


6,256 


21 


4,839 


17 


10,504 


37 


13,447 


47 


215,403 


755 


4,837 


17 


56,923 


199 



Theology, Morals, &c. .-. 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c. 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally eollected Works, 

Magazines in Volumes, &c. ) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics ... 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 

Education and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 

Heraldry, Encyclopaedias, and Works of Reference 

Total 599,844 2,099 

Table II. — Showing the issues of Quarterly and Monthly Magazines : — 

Classification. 
Theology, Morals, &c. ... 
Natural Philosophy, &c. 
Natural History ... 

Science and the Arts 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 
Education and Language 

Total 182,961 640 

Table III. — Showing the issues of Weekly Periodicals, &c. : — 

Classification. 

Natural Philosophy, &c. 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally illustrated and literary 
periodicals) ... 

Law and Politics 

Commerce, Statistics, &c. ... ... 

Total 213,015 746 



Magazines. 


DaUy 
Average 


3,496 


13 


2,283 


8 


1,651 


5 


5,607 


19 


1,978 


7 


1,306 


5 


163,643 


573 


1,611 


5 


1,387 


5 



[^Periodicals. 
1,219 


Daily 
Average 

4 


919 


3 


1,812 


6 


206,461 


723 


1,335 


5 


1,269 


5 



Total Patents for Invention consulted, 21,666. Daily average, 75. 



Recapitulation of Totals. 



Volumes of Books 

Quarterly and Monthly Magazines 

Weekly Periodicals 

Patents 



This Year 599,844 


Last Year 466,419 


182,961 


110,090 


213,015 


207,115 


21,666 


18,892 



1,017,486 



802,516 



Table IV. — Showing the number and classification of works added 
during the year : — 

Classification. 

Theology, Morals, &c 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c. 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography... 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels ... 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 

Magazines, &c.) ... ... ... ... 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 

Commerce, Political Economy, &e 

Education and Language 
Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction ... 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 

Heraldry, Encyclopeedias, and Works of Reference 



Volumes 
added. 


Total Number in 
the Library. 


197 


6,459 


86 


1,986 


130 


4,544 


318 


9,744 


226 


10,777 


162 


4,261 


128 


4,651 


1,213 


18,868 


102 


6,712 


79 


1,059 


34 


1,361 


74 


3,540 


41 


5,512 


25 


731 


135 


2,669 



Total... 



2,950 



82,874 



Branch Evening Reading Rooms. 



Place. 


When Opened. 


Attendance. 


Average 


Stanley Road 


... 11th March, 1884 ... 


... 12,468 


51 


Queen's Road' 


... 12th 


... 10,268 


42 


Chatsworth Street 


... 13th 


... 9,995 


41 


Wellington Road ... 


... 14th 


... 6,339 


26 






39,070 


.. 160 



8 



The following is the List of Magazines and Periodicals illustrating 
Tables II. and III. :— 



Quarterly. 
Annales dea sciences naturelles 
Anthropological Journal 
Archaeological Cambrensis 
Archaeological Journal 
British and Foreign Evangelical Review 
British Quarterly Review 
Calcutta Review 
Church Quarterly Review 
Dublin Review 
Edinburgh Review 
Geninen 
Grevillea 
Ibis 

Journal de conchyliologie 
Journal fiir Ornithologie 
Journal of Anatomy 
Journal of the British Archaeological 

Association 
Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society 
Journal of the Society of Antiquaries 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
London Quarterly Review 
Manchester Quarterly 
Mind 
Navy List 

Numismatic Chronicle and Journal 
Popular Science Review 
Quarterly Journal of the Geological 

Society. 
Quarterly Journal of Microscopical 

SLisnce 
Quarterly Review 
Revue celtique 
Stray Feathers 
Sunday Review 
Traethodydd 
Westminster Review 
Zeitschrift fiir deutsche Philologie 
Zeitschrift fiir Ethnologie 

Monthly. 
All the Year Round 
American Naturalist 
Annals and Magazine of Natural History 
Antiquary 

Anti- Vaccination Reporter 
Argosy 
Army List 
Art Journal 
Assoc'ation News 
Atlantic Monthly 
Band of Hope Review 
Banker's Magazine 
Beiblatter der Physik 
Belgravia 
Bibliographer 
Bibliothfeque universelle 
Birmingham, &c., Hardware Circular 
Blackwood's Magazine 
Botanical Magazine 



Monthly — Continued. 

British Temperance Advocate 

Building World 

Cambridge Examiner 

Cassell's Magazine 

Century 

Chambers's Journal 

China Review 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

Clergyman's Magazine 

Congregational Magazine 

Congregationalist 

Contemporary Review 

Cornhill Magazine 

Daheim 

Day of days 

Dietetic Reformer 

Educational Times 

English Illustrated Magazine 

Englishwoman's Review 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Fortnightly Review 

Gazette des beaux-arts 

Gartenlaube 

Gentleman's Magazine 

Geolof;ical Magazine 

Good Health 

Good Words 

Hand and Heart 

Harper's ^lagazine 

Herald of Health 

Home Words 

Homoeopathic World 

Indian Antiquary 

Investor's Monthly Manual 

Irish Temperance Banner 

Journal of Conchology 

Journal of the Chemical Society 

Journal of Science 

Journal of the Vigilance Association 

Leisure Hour 

Library Chronicle 

Library Journal 

Liverpool Diocesan Gazette 

Livre, Le 

London, &c., Philosophical Magazine 

London Society 

Longman's Magazine 

Machinery Market 

Macmillan's Magazine 

Magazine of Art 

Mineralogical Magazine 

Miscellanea genealogica 

Moniteur des architectea 

Month 

Musical Times 

National Review 

Nautical Magazine 



Month ly — Coniinued . 
New Church Magazine 
Nineteenth Century- 
North American Review 
Observatory 
Palatine Note-Book 
Petermann's Mittheilungen 
Pitman's Musical Monthly 
Portfolio 
Present Truth 
Printer's Register 
Printing Times and Lithographer 
Quiver 

Railway Guide 
Revue arch6ologique 
Revue britannique 
Revue chr6tienne 
Royal Astronomical Society's Monthly 

Notices 
Royal Geographical Society's Journal 
Sanitary Record 
Science Gossip 
Shorthand Magazine 
Sunday at Home 
Sunday Magazine 
Temple Bar 
Theatre 

Tinsley's Magazine 
Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 
Truthseeker 

United Service Magazine 
Unsere Zeit 
Western Antiquary 
Women's Suffrage Journal 
Yachting Magazine 
Zoologist 
Zoophilist 



FOETNIGHTLY. 

Annalen der Physik 

Dingler's Polytechnisches Journal 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Gazette des architectes 

Interm^diaire, L'. 

Liebig's Annalen der Chemie 

"Revue des deux mondes 

Weekly. 
Academy 
American Settler 
Amateur Photographer 
Anglo-American Times 
Architect 
Athenaeum 
Brewers' Guardian 
British Architect 

British and Colonial Printer and Stationer 
Broad Arrow 
Builder 

Builders' VVeekly Reporter 
Building News 
Chemical News 



Weekly — Continued. 

Christian Commonwealth 

Cambridge University Reporter 

Church of England Temperance Chronicle 

Chronique des arts 

Civilian 

Colonies 

Comptes rendus 

Draper 

Economist 

Electrical Review 

Electrician 

Engineer 

Engineering 

English Mechanic 

Era 

Estates Gazette 

Field 

Fireside News 

Fun 

Furniture Gazette 

Gardeners' Chronicle 

Graphic 

Illustrated London News 

Iron 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 

Jewish Chronicle 

Journal of Gas Lighting, &c. 

Journal of Horticulture 

Journal of the Society of Arts 

Judy 

Knowledge 

Lancet 

Land and Water 

Law Times 

Light 

Liverpool Review 

Local Goverment Chronicle 

London Gazette 

Medium. 

Mining Journal 
Money 

Nature 

Naval and Military Gazette 

Notes and Queries 

Oxford University Gazette 

Pharmaceutical Journal 

Pictorial World 

Porcupine 

Public Opinion 

Punch 

Railway Journal 

Railway Review 

Rambler 

Saturday Review 

Scientific American 

Signs of the Times 

Spectator 

Temperance Record 

Truth 

Volunteer Service Gazette 

Vanity Fair 

Weekly Notes 

World 



10 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, &c., have been presented 
regularly by the Publishers : — 



Amateur Photographer 

Association News 

American Settler 

Anglo-American Times 

Anti- Vaccination Reporter 

Birmingham and SheflSeld Hardware 

Circular 
Bootle Times 
Brewers' Guardian 

British and Colonial Printer and Stationer 
British Temperance Advocate 
Builders' Weekly Reporter 
Building World 
Cambridge Examiner 
Christian Commonwealth 
Church of England Temperance Chronicle 
Church Missionary Gleaner 
Church Missionary Intelligencer 
Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 
Clergyman's Magazine 
Colonies 

Congregationalist 
Day of Days 
Dietetic Reformer 
Draper 

Ecclesiastical Observer 
Electrical Review 
Englishwoman's Review 
Estates Gazette 
Financial Reformer 
Fireside News 
Good Health 
Herald of Health 
Home Words 
Homoeopathic World 
Irish Temperance Banner 



Iron and Coal Trades Review 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
Journal of Speculative Philosophy 
Light 
Liverpool Albion 

Catholic Times 

Courier 

Echo 

Express 

Mercury 

North End Times 

Porcupine 

Post 

Review 
Machinery Market 
Medium 
Money 

Musical Education 
Naval and Military Gazette 
New Church Magazine 
Newcastle Chronicle 
Pitman's Musical Monthly 
Present Truth 
Preston Herald 
Railway Review 
Rambler 
Sunday Review 
Signs of the Times 
Temperance Record 
Tonic Sol fa Reporter 
Waterloo Times 

West Derby and Wavertree Times 
Woman's Suffrage Journal 
Worcestershire Herald 
Zoophilist 



DONATIONS. 
The following Donations have been received during the year 



Albany, U.S.A., Young Men'.s Associa- 
tion : — Public Exercises at the Semi- 
centennial Anniversary, 1883; Annual 
Report, 1883-4. 

Anonymously : — Confessions of a Fic- 
tumbury Churchman ; Life of William 
Penn, by S. Janney (2 copies) ; The 
Proposed Cathedral for Liverpool. 

Abmstrono, T. :^Laudate, Beatus vir, 
Magnificat, Laudate Dominum, by 
Haydn (MS.) ; Bickham's Musical En- 
tertainer. 2 vols. 

Ashton-under-Lyne Free Library : — 
Catalogue, 1883. 

Atkinson, Robert (the Author) : — On 
Irish Metric : a Lecture on Celtic Philo- 
logy- 

Aubertin, J. J. (the Translator) : — The 
Lusiads of Camoens ; ti'anslated into 
English Verse, 2 vols. 



Bainbridge, R. B., and Carl Rosa, 
Royal Court Theatre, Liverpool : — 
Playbills, &c., 1884. 

Baltimore, Peabody Institute : — Cata- 
logue of the Library, Part 1 ; Annual 
Report. 

Bayley, W. K. (the Author) :— The Philo- 
sophy of Sleep ; Recollections of a Visit 
to South America. 

Beloe, Charles H. : — Annual Report of 
the Operations of the U.S. Life-Saving 
Service, 1883. 

BiRCHALL, Charles (Publisher): — A 
Series of Articles on Current Commer- 
cial and Shipping Topics. 

Birkenhead Literary and Scientific 
Society -.—Report, 1883-4. 

Birmingham Freb Libraries : — Refer- 
ence Department Catalogue : Biblio- 
graphy. 



11 



DONATIONS— Co?U»iMec/. 



Birmingham Philosophical Society : — 
Proceedings, vol. 3, and 4, part 1 . 

Board of Trade : — Inquiries under Mer- 
chant Shipping Acts, Nos. 1 to 2,283 
(several numbers excepted) ; Boiler Ex- 
plosions Act, Nos. 72-75. 

Boston Public Library : — Bulletins. 

BouLT, Joseph : — The Duties, &c., of 
Customs and Excise Payable in Great 
Britain, by T. Sherlock and J. Towne. 

Bo\VE.s, James L. (the Author) : — Japa- 
nese Enamels. 

Bradford Free Public Libraries : — 
Catalogue of the Central Lending ^Lib- 
rary. 

Bramall, Henry (the Author) : — Mo- 
dern Progress of Mine Engineering. 

Brazilian Consul, Liverpool : — Jos6 
Maria da Silva Paranhos, visconde do 
Rio-Branco : elogio historico. 

British Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science : — Report of the 
Southport Meeting, 1883. 

British Museum Trustees : — Catalogue 
of English Books to the year 1640. 3 
vols. ; Catalogue of the Greek Coins 
(Central Greece) ; Catalogue of Oriental 
Coins, vol. 8 ; Catalogue of Romances 
in the Dept. of MSS. ; Catalogue of the 
Fossil Sponges, by George P. Hinde ; 
Catalogue of the Birds, vol. 9 ; Cata- 
logue of Printed Books, 21 pts. ; Report 
on the Zoological Collections made in 
the Indo-Pacific Ocean, during the 
Voyage of H.M.S. "Alert," 1881-82. 

Browne, H. J. (the Author) :— The 
Higher Branch of Science. 

Brown, Richard (the Author) : — Optical 
Lantern Readings : Liverpool. 

Brown, Barnes, and Bell, Messrs.: — 
Photograph of the Birthplace of the 
Rt. Hon. W. E. Gladstone, Rodney 
Street, Liverpool. 

BuNSTER, Mrs. E. J.:— The Lincolnshire 
Survey, temp. Henry I. ; ed. by James 
Greenstreet. 

Burnett, J. C, m.d., f.e.g.s. (the 
Author) : — The Law of Similars, the 
Scientific Principle of Vaccination. 

Cambrian Railway Co. :— Picturesque 
Wales, by G. Turner. 

Carulla, F. J. R., F.c.s. (the Author): 
— The Steel Age : a Lecture (3 copies). 

Castellain, Alfred, j.p.:— Journal of 
the Royal Agricultural Society, vol. 
20, pt. 1. 

Chalmers, Patrick (the Author) : — 
James Chalmers, the Inventor of tlie 
Adhesive Stamp, not Sir Rowland 
Hill. 

Chetham Library, Manchester, The 
Feoffees of :— Catalogue of the Books 
and Manuscripts, vol. 0'. 



Christie, Dr. T. W. (the Author) :— 
The Proposed Desecration of St. James' 
Cemetery : a Letter. 

Church Association: — The "Legal 
History" of Canon Stubbs Reviewed, 
by J. T. Tomlinson. 

Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce : — 
Annual iteport, 1883. 

Cincinnati Public Library: — Bulletin. 

Clark, A. M. and W. (the Authors) : — 
Analytical Summaries of the Patents, 
Designs, and Trade-Marks' Act, 1883. 

Cliff, The Late Miss Anne : — Unum 
necessarium ; or, the Doctrine and 
Practice of Repentance, by J. Taylor, 
1655. 

CoBDEN Club : — Cobden Club Dinner : 
Special Report ; The Peers and the 
People; Egypt and the Soudan : Speech 
by W. E. Gladstone ; The Franchise 
Bill : Speech by W. E. Gladstone ; Pro- 
gress of the Working Classes in the last 
Half-Century (12 copies) ; The History 
of Reform, by A. Paul ; Our Sailors : a 
Speech by J. Chamberlain (3 copies) ; 
Special Report of the Annual Meeting, 
1884 ; Three Panics, by Richard Cobden 
(50 copies). 

Cooper Union for the Advancement 
OF Science and Art, New York : — 
25th Annual Rejport. 

Dick, A. E. (the Author) : — Marine In- 
surance Popularly Treated. 

Dinsdale, John, Liverpool:— Subpoenas 
of Witnesses to an Inquiry before a 
Select Committee of the House of Com- 
mons concerning the Liverpool Elec- 
tion Petition, May, 1853 ; Translation 
of Magna Carta. 

Drew, G. R., Birkenhead : — The Great 
Controversy between Christ and Satan. 
3 vols ; The Sanctuary and the Twenty- 
three Hundred Days, by U. Smith ; 
History of the Sabbath, by J. N. An- 
drews ; Thoughts, Critical and Practi- 
cal, on the Book of Daniel and the Book 
of Revelation. 2 vols ; Good Health : 
a Journal of Hygiene ; The Present 
Truth, vol. 1. 

Drury, E. J. (the Author) : — Recreative 
French Grammar. 

Dublin University : — Calendar, 1884 ; 
Examination Papers, 1883. 

Dudley, Miss A. Florence (Joint-Au- 
thor) : — Daddy's Bobby ; or, the Star 
of Bethlehem. 

Earle, Arthur : — Certificate to A. C. 
Mathew upon Admission to the Free- 
dom of the Town of Liverpool, 1790 ; 
Plans in the Principal Cities of the 
World, by J. Andrews. 

Earp, John (the Author) :— Strictures on 
Religious Creeds and Religious Usages, 



12 



DONATIONS— Co*ii!ini<ec;. 



Edinburgh Museum of Science and 
Aet :— Report, 1883. 

Ellis, John W., l.e.c.p. (the Author) : 
— Coleoptera of the Liverpool District, 
parts 1-4. 

Emery, Frank, and Alex. Hender.son, 
Prince of Wales Theatre, Liter- 
pool :— Playbills, &c., 1884. 

Engineers, Society of : — Transactions, 
1883. 

Financial Reform Association : — Fi- 
nancial Reform Almanack, 1885. 

Fisher, A. K., and Co. (the Publishers): 
— London and Provincial Directory and 
Continental Guide, 1884. 

Fitzgerald, P. F. (the Author) : — Essay 
on the Philosophy of Self Consciousness. 

Foster, Emily (the Author) : — Grey- 
stone Abbey (2 copies). 

Frowde, John, Barrow-in-Furness : — 
A Compendium of the Faith and Doc- 
trines of Latter Day Saints, by Franklin 
D. Richards. 

Gage, James, Liverpool : — Paul Pry : 
a Liverpool Periodical, 1834-5 (12 
Nos.) ; Collection of Playbills, Theatre 
Royal and Olympic Circus, Liverpool, 
1819-25. 

Gatty, Charles T., f.s.a. (the Au- 
thor) : — Greek, Estrnscan, and Roman 
Antiquities in the Mayer Museum, 
Liverpool. 

Gibson, James : — A History of the 
Shakespeare Memorial, Stratford-on- 
Avon. 

Grey, Hentiy' (the Author) : — Key to the 
Waverley Novels ; Trowel, Chisel, and 
Brush. 

Guthrie, Malcolm, j.p. (theAuthor): — 
On Mr. Spencer's Data of Ethics. 

Hargreaves, James, f.c.s. (the Au- 
thor) : — The Educational Franchise (3 
copies). 

Harvard College, Cambridge, U.S.A. : 
— Bulletins of the Museum of Com- 
parative Zoology ; Memoirs of the 
Museum of Comparative Zoology ; 
Annual Report of the Curator of the 
Museum of Comparative Zoologj'. 

Hayward, John W., m.d. (the Au- 
thor) : — Crotalus (Rattlesnake). 
Hibbert, Alderman James : — Catalogue 
of the Pictures and Drawings of the 
Newsham Bequest to the Corporation 
of Preston. 
Hodgson, W. B., Representatives of 
THE Late:— Life and Letters of W. B. 
Hodgson, LL.D. ; The True Scope of 
Economic Science, and 3 other pam- 
phlets. 
HosKiNS, John (the Author) :— King 
Henry VII., and other Dramas and 
Poems. 



Howard Association: — Report, 1884. 
Howorth, D. F., .f.r.g.s. : — Liverpool 

Odes : Satirical Poems. 
India, The Rt. Hon. the Secretary 
of State for : — The Sacred Books of 
the East, vols. 15 and 21. 
Institute of Civil Engineers : — Mi- 
nutes of Proceedings, vols. 75-78 ; The 
Practical Application of Electricity : 
Lectures. 
Institution of Mecha_nical Engineers: 

—Proceedings, 1883-84. 
International Health Exhibition 
Executive Council :— Health Exbibi- 
tion Literature, vols. 1-16. 
Jesse, G. K. (the Author) :— Extracts 
from a Note upon the Report of the 
Royal Commission of Vivisection, refut- 
ing its Conclusions ; and four other 
pamphlets. 
Kendrick, Miss, "Warrington: — Hol- 
den's Tide Tables, Liverpool, 1795 and 
1797 ; Book of Words for the Mr. and 
Misses Fraser's Musical and Literary 
Evenings ; Poetic Tales and Miscella- 
nies ; Almido : a Poem, by J. Gro- 
cott, Jun. 
Lach-Szyrma, Rev. W. S., m.a. (the 
Author) : — Aleriel ; or, a Voyage to 
other Worlds : a Tale. 
Lancashire and Cheshire Entomolo- 
gical Society : — 7th Annual Report. 
Lancashire and Cheshire Historic 
Society : — Transactions, vol. 34. • 

Liberty and Property Defence 
League : — Liberty and Law, by W. 
Donnisthorpe ; and sixother pamphlets. 
Library Reports from the following 
Libraries : —Aston, Manor of ; Balti- 
more, U.S.A., Peabody Institute; 
Barrow-in-Furness ; Birmingham Li- 
brary ; Bolton; Boston, U.S.A.; 
Messrs. Braby & Co.'s; Bradford; 
Bridgeport, Conn., U.S.A.; Brighton; 
Bristol ; Canterbury ; Cardiff ; Ches- 
ter ; Chicago, U.S.A.; Cincinnati, 
U.S.A.; Copenhagen Royal Library; 
Corwen ; Derby ; Doncaster ; Dun- 
dee ; Ealing ; Germantown Friends, 
U.S.A. ; Glasgow, Mitchell Library; 
Glasgow, Stirling's Library ; Hands- 
worth ; Indianopolis, U.S.A.; Kidder- 
minster; Leamington; Leeds ; Maccles- 
field ; Middlesborough ; Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne ; New York Mercantile ; 
Newton, U.S.A.; Norwich; Notting- 
ham ; Philadelphia Mercantile ; Ply- 
mouth ; Preston ; Reading ; Rochdale ; 
Rotherham ; Runcorn ; St. Louis Mer- 
cantile ; St. Louis Public School ; San 
Francisco ; San Francisco Mercantile ; 
Sheffield ; Smethwick ; Southport ; 
Stafford; Stoke-upon-Trent ; Swansea; 



I 



18 



DONATIONS— CojUinwed 



Tynemouth ; Victoria ; Wednesbury ; 
Westminster, St. Margaret and St. 
John; Wigan; Wolverhampton; Wor- 
cester, Mass. 

Little & Co., Messrs., Barrow-in- 
Furness : — The Barrow Route to the 
Isle of Man, by E. P. Stokes (2 
copies). 

Liverpool Amateur Photographic 
Association : — Annual Eeport, 1883. 

Liverpool Architectural Society : — 
Proceedings, 1883-4.. 

Liverpool Art Club : — Exhibition 
Catalogues and Annual Reports. 

Liverpool Astronomical Society : — 
Abstract of Proceedings, 1SS3-4; Jour- 
nal, vol. 3 ; Transactions, No. 4. 

Liverpool Exchange Newsroom Co. :— 
Times. 29 vols. ; Liverpool News- 
papers. 1 14 vols. ; Mining Journal. 41 
vols. ; Railway Journal. 47 vols. ; 
Railway Times. 48 vols. ; and 73 
other volumes of selected books ; 6 
Maps and Charts. 

Ln^ERPooL Geological Society : — Pro- 
ceedings, 1883-4. 

Liverpool Hope Street Church : — 
Discourses by the late C. J. Perry, b.a. 

Liverpool Institutions, &c. : — Reports 
have been received from the folio wing : — 
Catholic Reformatory Association; Cer- 
tified Industrial Schools ; Church of 
England Army Scripture Readers' So- 
ciety ; Holy Trinity Ragged Schools ; 
*Juvenile Reformatory Association ; 
Liverpool Clerks' Association : Mersey 
Mission to Seamen ; Penny Savings 
Bank Association ; Royal National 
Lifeboat Institution ; Royal Society 
for the Prevention of Cruelty to 
Animals ; School for the Deaf and 
Dumb ; School of Science ; Seaman's 
Friend Society; Shipwreck andHumane 
Society; Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children ; Town Mission ; 
Training Ship " Indefatigable." 

Liverpool Literary and Philosophi- 
cal Society ; — Proceedings, vol. 38. 

Liverpool (Lyceum) Library : — Annual 
Supplemental Catalogue ; Pamphlets 
relating to the Dispute, Lyceum v. 
Liverpool Librarj'. 

Liverpool Medical Institution : — 
Liverpool Medico-Chirurgical Journal, 
Nos. 4, 6, and 7. 

Liverpool Mercantile Marine Ser- 
vice Assoclation : — Reporter, vols. 7-8. 

Liverpool Philomathic Socikty : — 
Proceedings, vol. 29. 

Liverpool Polytechnic Society' : — 
Journals; Annual Report; Prize Essay 
on Machine Belting, by A. H. Barendt; 
Paper by T. Marsden, and Lecture by 
E. Latham. 



Liverpool Royal Institution : — His- 
tory and Description of the Barberini, 
or Portland Vase, by James Boardman 
(4 copies) ; Descriptive and Historical 
Catalogue of the Pictures, &c., in the 
Gallery of Art ; Annual Reports and 
Addresses, 1825-84. 

Liverpool School Board : — Proceed- 
ings, 1881-2. 

Liverpool University College : — 
Calendar, 1884-5. 

Loader, S. T., Consul for Uruguay, 
Liverpool : — Uruguay, South Ame- 
rica : its Geography, &c. 

Long, Capt. S., r.n. (the Author) : — 
On Libraries considered as Subsidiary 
to Education. 

Lord's Day Observance Society : — 
Report of Conference Proceedings. 

McGovern, J. E. (the Author) : — Liver- 
pool Compensations (2 copies). 

McNab, Capt. J., r.n.r. (the Author) : 
— Going to Sea (2 copies) ; Catechism 
of the Law of Storms (2 copies). 

Maginnis, Arthur J. (the Author) :— 
Crane Power for Dock Estates : a Paper. 

Manchester Geological Society : — 
Transactions, vol. 17, parts 14-18, vol. 
18, parts 1-2. 

Manchester Statistical Society : — 
Transactions, 1883-4. 

Marrat, F. p. , Liverpool : — Account 
of Ceylon, by R. Percival ; Catalogue 
of Third Exhibition of Fine Art Objects, 
Liverpool, 1844; The Hindee-Roman 
Ortheopigraphical Ultimatum, by J. B. 
Gilchrist, ll.d. ; The British Months : 
a Poem, by Bishop Mant. 2 vols. 

Marriage Law Defence Union : — 
Tracts, Nos. 1-38. 

Marriage Law Reform Association :— 
Opinions of the Hebrew and Greek 
Professors of the European Universi- 
ties, &c., on the Scriptural Aspect of 
the Question of Marriage with a De- 
ceased Wife's Sister ; edited by T. P. 
Allen (8 copies). 

Marsden, J. (the Publisher) :— Anglo- 
Indian and American Traders' .lournal 
1884. 

Marshall, A. M. and W. P. (the Au- 
thors) : — Report on the Oban Pen- 
natulida. 

Maxwell, Rev. W. J., m.a. (the Au- 
thor) : — The Revised Version of the 
New Testament : Papers from the 
"Advocate." 

May, George T. (the Author) :— The 
Ever-Living Life : a Poem. 

MoTT, A. J. (the Author) : — Alcohol and 
Total Abstinence (2 copies). 

Mushet, W. B., m. b. (the Author): — 
Cholera : its .Etiology, &c. ; The Age 
of Clay : a Satire. 



14 



DONATIONS— (7o»i<mweo?. 



Nagle, John T. (the Author) : — Suicides 

in New York City. 
National Association for the Pkomo- 
TiON of Social Science :— Transac- 
tions, Huddersfield Meeting, 1883. 

National Society for Women's Suf- 
frage : — Annual Report. 

NoRSKE Gradmaalingskommission : — 
Vandstandsobservationer, hefte 2. 

Norwegian Government : — Norwegian 
North Atlantic Exhibition : Zoology, 
pt. 11. 

Nottingham Free Public Libraries : 
— Class List (No. 4) of Books in the 
Reference Library. 

Orient Line of Steamers Co. : — Illus- 
trated Guide of the Orient Line of 
Steamers between England and Aus- 
tralia. 

Paris Municipal Council: — Rapport 
sur le service des enfants assist6s, 
1876-77 ; Rapport sur I'organisation 
definitive du service des halles et 
marches ; Rapport de M. Gr^ard sur 
I'enseignement primaire a Paris, kc, 
1867-77; Concours musical de 1881-82 : 
Rapport de M. Perrin ; Rapport de M. 
Mari^-Davy sur I'emploi de la subven- 
tion municipale applicable a I'^tude de 
I'hygifene de Paris, 1878; Note du 
Directeur des travaux de Paris sur la 
situation du service des eaux et des 
^gouts, 1878. 

Parkinson, Richard : — New General 
Atlas of the World. 

Patterson, John, j.p. : — Papers relating 
to Foreign Affairs, United States, 
1863-5. 9 vols. 

Peacock, R. A., c.e. (the Author) : — 
Saturated Steam, the motive power in 
Volcanoes and Earthquakes. 

Perry, Rev. S. J., s.j., f.r.s. (the 
Author) : — Stonyhurst College Obser- 
vatory : Results of Meteorological and 
Magnetical Observations, 1883. 

Philadelphia Academy of Natural 
Sciences : — Proceedings, 1883, pts. 2 
and 3. 

Pierce, Walter (the Author) : — H. M. 
Queen Victoria : a Lecture. 

Pink, John, Cambridge: — Four local 
pamphlets. 

Pitman, Isaac : — The Phonetic Journal, 
vol. 42. 

Power, T. J. (the Author) : — Hints on 
Cutting and Making (3 copies). 

Preston, Edward (the Author) . — A 
Few Facts about Unclaimed Money. 

Pride, Walter H. (the Author) :— Court 
of Passage Reforms : a Paper. 

Queen's College, London : — Calendar, 
1883-4. 

Rathbone, P. H., J.p. : — Five Maps and 



Charts of Liverpool ; The Place of Art 
in the Future Industrial Progress of 
the Nation, by P. H. Rathbone, j.p. 

Reade, T. Mellard, c.e. (the Author) : 
— The Circulation of Water in Sand- 
stone ; Ripple Marks in Drift in Shrop- 
shire and Cheshire, and five other 
pamphlets. 

Redpath, Peter : — Catalogue of Books 
presented to McGill College, Montreal. 

Religious Book Fund, The : — Reprints 
of the Early Hymn Writers, originally 
published by D. Sedgwick. 6 vols. 

RoBSON, Richard :^The Practical Me- 
chanic and Engineer's Magazine, vols. 
1-4. 

RowNTREE, J. S. , Lord Mayor of York 
(the Author) : — Free Libraries : an Ad- 
dress ; Municipal Corporations : a Lec- 
ture. 

Royal AsTRONOJvncAL Society : — Me- 
moirs, vols. 46, 47, and 48, part 1 ; 
Monthly Notices. 

Royal Colonial Institute : — Proceed- 
ings, vol. 15. 

Royal Dublin Society : — Scientific 
Transactions, vol. 1, parts 20-23, and 
vol. 3, parts 1-3 (ser. 2) ; Scientific 
Proceedings, vol. 3., parts 6-7, and 
vol. 4, parts 1-4 (new series). 

Roy'al In.stitute of British Archi- 
tects : — Transactions, 1883-4 ; Pro- 
ceedings, 18S3-4 ; Li.st of Members, 
1884. 

Royal Society of London : — Philf- 
sophical Transactions, vol. 174, part 2. 

Royal Society of Canada : — Proceed- 
ings and Transactions, vol. 1. 

Roy'al Society of Victoria : — Trans- 
actions and Proceedings, vol. 20. 

Runcorn Free Public Library: — Cata- 
logue of the Lending Library, 1884. 

St. Louis Public School : — Library 
Bulletin. 

Saker, Mrs. Edward, Royal Alex- 
andra Theatre, Liverpool : — Play- 
bills, &c., 1884. 

Samuel, Sir Saul, k.c.m.g., Agent- 
General for New South Wales : — 
Handbook for New South Wales (2 
copies). 

Sanitary Assurance Association : — 
Sanitary Arrangements of Dwelling 
Houses, by M. H. Judge. 

Shimmin, The Late Hugh, Executors 
OF : — Brief Memoir of George Holt, 
Esq. , of Liverpool (3 copies) ; Christian's 
Wardrobe, by Rev. A. McConkey. 1st 
suit; Glossary of the Words and 
Phrases of Furness, by J. P. Morror ; 
Letters on the Cathedral System, as 
Exemplified in the Cathedral of Chester, 
by Rev. A. McConkey. 



15 



DONATIONS— Co^imwerf. 



Smith, Alexa.ni>ek (the Author) : — 
Proposals for Reform of Procedure of 
the House of Commons. 
Smith, Elisha : — Addresses delivered 
by the PresideDts of the Liverpool 
Philomathic Society, 1828-31. 
Smith, Samuel, m.p. (the Author) : — 
Nationalisation of the Land ; Letters in 
Reply to the Manifesto of the Demo- 
cratic Federation. 
Smithsonian Institution : — Annual Re- 
port of the Board of Regents, 1882. 
Society tor Psychical Research : — 

Proceedings, parts 4-6. 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland : — 

Proceedings, vol. 17, 1882-3. 
South Australian Institute : — Final 

Report, 1884. 
South Kensington Museum : — Calendar 
and General Directory, Science and 
Art Department, 1884 ; Drawings of 
Glass-Cases in the South Kensington 
Museum. 
Spkatt, Vice - Admiral T.A.B., c.b. 
(the Author) : — Report on the Present 
State of the Navigation of the Mersey 
(3 copies). 
Statistical Society : — Catalogue of the 

Library, 1884. 
Sutton, C. W. , Manchester : — The 
Office of Reason in Religion, by J. 
Clarke ; A Sketch of the State of 
Christianity in Wales, by W. Richards ; 
A Brief Account of the Original 
State of the Sacred Writings, by W. 
Richards. 
Swansea Public Library : — Supple- 
mental Catalogue of the Lending De- 
partment, 1878-83. 
Swedenborg Society, British and 

Foreign : — 74th Report. 
Tasmanian Government : — 41 Photo- 
graphic Views in Tasmania. 
Thomas, Hugh O., m.r.c.s. (the Author): 
— Contributions to Surgery and Medi- 
cine. 
Thompson, W. P., c.e. (the Author) : — 
Handbook of Patent Law of all Coun- 
tries. 6th edition (2 copies). 
Tinne, The Late John A., d.l., j.p. : — 
Illustrated London News, July-Dec, 
1883. 
Toronto Public Library : — Catalogue 

of the Circulating Library. 
Townsend, B. O'Neill, a. b. (the Au- 
thor) : — Plantation Lays, and other 
Poems. 



Trinity College, London : — Calendar, 

1884-85. 
Turner & Dunnett, Messes, (the Pub- 
lishers) : — Historic and Guide to Lever- 
poole, by Triplets. 
United States Government : — Astro- 
nomical and Meteorological Observa- 
tions made at the United States Naval 
Observatory, 1879-1880 ; Alphabetical 
List of Additions made to the War 
Department Library, from June 1882 ; 
The Teaching, Practice, and Literature 
of Shorthand, by J. E. Rockwell ; Sta- 
tistics of the 10th Census of the United 
States : Report, vols. 1-8 ; United 
States Coast and Geodetic Survey : 
Reports of the Superintendent, 1882. 

Union of Lancashire and Cheshire 
Institutes :— Report, 1883-84. 

Vacher, Francis, m.d. (the Author):— 
Report on the Sanitary Condition of 
Birkenhead, 1883. 

Vorstermann van Oyen, Chevalier:— 
Dictionnaire nobiliare. 

Wade, Christopher:— Liverpool Mer- 
cury, vol. 1, No. 17. 

Watts, W. M., d.sc. (the Author) : — A 
School Flora for the use of Elementary 
Botanical Classes. 

Wevill, Fred, (the Author) : —The 
Ethics of George Eliot. 

WiLcocK, Thomas M., Chester: — The 
Borough Laureateship, by J. Shaw. 

Williams and Norgate, Messrs. : — 
Reasons for Dissenting from the Philo- 
sophy of Comte, by Herbert Spencer. 

Wisconsin Government : — The Geology 
of Wisconsin, vols. 1-4. 

Workingmen's Lord's Day Rest Asso- 
ciation : — Working Class Organiza- 
tions and the Sunday Opening of 
Museums. 

Yarker, John (the Author) : — Specula- 
tive Freemasonry. 

York Subscription Library : — Appen- 
dix to the General Catalogue, 1883. 

Yorkshire Union of Mechanics Insti- 
tutions : — Report, 1884. 

Young, G. E. (the Compiler): — Liverpool 
Cyclists' Pocket Guide and Club Direc- 
tory, 1883-4. 2 vols. 

Young, Henry : — Some Account of the 
Ajicient Chapel of Toxteth Park, Li- 
verpool, by Valentine D. Davis, b.a. 

Zoological Society of London : — Pro- 
ceedings, 1884, pt. 2 ; List of Fellows, 
1884. 



16 



LENDING LIBRAKIES. 



Table I. — General Statistics :- 



Volumes lent 

New Tickets issued 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Total No. of readers on the books 
Books lost or injured, and paid for 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn . . 
Volumes worn out — replaced .... 

New volumes added 

Total No. of vols, in the Libraries 



North South 

Library. Library. 



202,840 
2,313 
2,198 
2,240 
4,434 
21 

237 

838 

564 

22,805 



188,649 
2,247 
1,820 
2,213 
4,149 
29 



Total. 

391,489 
4,560 
4,018 
4,453 
8,633 
50 



1,479 ' 1,716 

371 1,209 

570 ! 1,134 

21,970 1 44,775 



North South 

Library. Library. 



202,710 
2,296 
2,142 
2,344 
4,411 
25 



443 I 

513 

22,47» 



Total. 



176,102 
2,139 
1,894 
2,538 I 
4,165 
271 



411 

488 J 
22,879 I 



378,812 
4,435 
4,036 
4,882 
8,526 
52 



854 

1,001 

46,357 



Table II. — Showing the Classification of Volumes Lent and Added: 



Theology 

Natural Philosophy 

Natural History 

Science and Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities . , 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature .... 
Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce and Political Economy 
Education, Languages, and Logic 

Poetry and the Drama 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics 

Books for he Blind 

Total 



202,840: 188,649 391,489 



Volumes Lent 




Volumes Added. 


North 


South 




North 


South 




Library. 


Library. 


Total. 


Library. 


Library. 


Total. 


3,891 


8,177 


7,068 


26 


23 


49 


3,037 


2,664 


6,701 


19 


19 


38 


2,310 


1,870 


4,180 


11 


13 


24 


9,261 


6,738 


15,999 


28 


22 


60 


9,617 


7,908 


17,426 


49 


43 


92 


973 


937 


1,910 


8 


7 


16 


5,424 


4,931 


10,356 


27 


26 


63 


12,297 


10,650 


22,947 


95 


100 


196 


327 


266 


692 


5 


4 


9 


696 


630 


1,226 


8 


11 


19 


1,802 


1,384 


3,186 


6 


4 


10 


1,215 


1,680 


2,895 


11 


7 


18 


161,963 


145,289 


297,252 


271 


291 


662 


176 


266 


442 


— 


— 


— 


51 


260 


3U 


— 


— 


— 



664 



670 



1134 



17 
WINTER LECTURES, 1884. 
The Nineteenth Winter Course of Free Lectures, forty in number, 
was delivered in the Rotunda Lecture Hall, in January, February, and 
March, 1884. 

Total number of persons who attended the Lectures 47,490. 

Average per Lecture 1,187. 



List. 

Liverpool Sixty Years since : illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, 
by Sir J. A. Picton, j.p., f.s.a. 

A Nineteenth Century Cathedral : illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light, by Sir W. B. Forwood, j.p. 

A Visit to the Falls of Niagara: illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light, by Mr. William Laut Carpenter, b.a., b.sc, f.c.s. 

The Life and Work of Sir W. Siemens, by Dr. Oliver J. Lodge, 
Professor of Physics, University College, Liverpool. 

The Division of Labour and the Education of the People, by Mr. J. 
MacCunn, m.a., Professor of Philosophy and Political Economy, 
University College, Liverpool. 

Piracy in Chinese Waters : illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, 
by Captain E. Stubbs, r.n. 

Charles Dickens, by Rev. S. Fletcher Williams. 

Habitations of Insects : illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, by 
Dr. J. Sibley Hicks, f.r.m.s., f.l.s. 

Humorous and Dramatic Recitals from English and American 
Authors, by Mr. William Bennett. 

Relics of the Past in the Life of To-day, by Rev. W. H. Jones; 
illustrated by Diagrams, and by Selections of Finnish and Hungarian 
Folk Music on the Violin and Piano, by Herr Jorgensen, of Abo, and 
the Lecturer. 

Living Stoves and their Fuel, or the Philosophy of Respiration and 
Food : illustrated with experiments, by Mr. J. Abbott, b.a. 

Spectacles ; or, How will he Look at it ? by Rev. J. Burbidge. 



lb 

Keadings from Shakespere, Tennyson, and other Authors, by Mr. 
Charles E. Clegg. 

Stories and Storytelling, by Mr. E. K. Russell. 

A Piece of Chalk: illustrated by experiments, by Mr. E. Davies, 

F.C.S., F.I.C. 

Mount Vesuvius and the long buried Cities of Herculaaeum and 
Pompeii : illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, by Kev. W. W. 
Phillipson, o.s.B. 

Concerning Insanitary Houses. — Light, Pure Air, and Water : how 
to obtain them. Illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, by Mr. Coard 
S, Pain, F.S.I. , Engineer to the Northern Sanitary Association. 

Recent Additions to the Museum : illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light, by Mr. T. J. Moore, Curator of the Free Public Museum. 

Readings, Humorous and Dramatic, chiefly original, by Mr. R. 
Crompton. 

The Dangerous Classes, by Rev. Hugh Stowell Brown. 

Concerning Insanitary Houses. — Impure Air and Water : their evil 
effects ; illustrated by experiments, by William Carter, m.d., b.sc, 
LL.B. (Lend.). 

Mozart, his Times and Music : illustrated by vocal and instrumental 
music, by Mr. W. J. Stewart, b.a., and Mr. H. A. Brauscombe. 

English Memorials of some Old French Towns : illustrated with 
photographs and drawings shown by the Oxyhydrogen Light, by Mr. J. 
Birchall. 

Corals and Coral Islands. — Part 1. — the Structure and Life History 
of Coral Animals : illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light and Specimens, 
by Dr. W. A. Herdman, f.r.s.e., f.l.s., Professor of Natural History, 
University College, Liverpool. 

Was Hamlet Mad? With Readings from the Play and Selections 
from the Dagonet Ballads, by Mr. Henry Vandenhoff. 

Christopher Columbus: illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, by 
Mr. A. C. Bradley, m.a., Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford, Professor of 
Modern Literature and History, University College, Liverpool. 



I 



19 

Homer, and his Story of Odysseus : with illustrations by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light, by Mr, G. H. Eendall, m.a., Fellow of Trinity 

College, Cambridge, Principal of University College, Liverpool ; two 
Lectures. 

Corals and Coral Islands. — Part 2 — How Coral Reefs are formed : 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light and Specimens, by Dr. W. A. 
Herdman, f.r.s.e., f.l.s., Professor of Natural History, University 
College, Liverpool. 

Illustrations of Elocutionary Vocal Training — Bardell v. Pickwick, 
Dickens, by Mr. Henry Vandenhoff. 

The Chemistry of Water : illustrated by experiments, by Dr. George 
Tate, F.G.S., F.c.s. 

Primitive Navigation : illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, by Mr. 
Charles Tindal Gatty, f.s.a.. Curator of the Mayer Museum. 

Customs, Superstitions, and Folk-Lore of Lancashire, by Mr. Peter 
Cowell, Chief Librarian, Free Public Library. 

Beethoven, his Times and Music : illustrated by vocal and instru- 
mental music, by Mr. G. Ashdown Audsley and Mr. H. A. Branscombe. 

Our Empire of the Sea — How we Won it and How we have Kept it, 
by Mr. Willmott Dixon, ll.b., of Trinity College, Cambridge, and the 
Inner Temple. 

Man — his Life and Manners in Great Britain before History was 
written : illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, by Mr. Henry Clark. 

The Clarionet, Oboe, and Bassoon — their Acoustical Properties 
demonstrated experimentally : with illustrations by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light, by Rev. S. Sircom, s.j. 

Stories in Marble : with illustrations of ancient and modern sculp- 
ture, exhibited by the Oxyhydrogen Light, by Mr. Charles Dyall, 
Curator of the Walker Art Gallery. 

Sacred Animals : illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, by Mr. 
Charles Tindal Gatty, f.s.a.. Curator of the Mayer Museum. 

Humorous and Dramatic Recitals from English and American 
Authors, by Mr. WiUiam Bennett, 



20 
MUSEUM REPORT. 



Circulating Museum Collections for Schools and other 
Educational Purposes. 



An experiment, occupying a considerable amount of time in preparation, 
new to Museums, and of much promise, was commenced by the 
Committee in the Spring, and has been carried on with considerable 
success. 

It consists in the selection and arrangement of duplicate specimens of 
instructive and attractive character from the Museum collections, and 
placing them in small portable cabinets of less than two feet cubical 
measurement, of plain and simple construction, and very portable. 

These cabinets are circulated one by one for a definite period of one 
month among such of the Public Elementary Schools of all denomina- 
tions, within the Parliamentary boundaries of the City, as have, on invi- 
tation, expressed a desire to receive them. 

Sixteen cabinets are in cu'culation, and sixty-four schools have each 
had a cabinet for one month, with very satisfactory results. The speci- 
mens have suffered no damage, and the teachers have been glad to receive 
them as most useful and attractive subjects for object lessons to their 
various classes. The cabinets are now going the round of the schools 
again, each school receiving a different cabinet from the one that pre- 
ceded it. 

AQUARIA. 



Several new Aquaria are being fitted up for the display both of marine 
and fresh-water specimens on a larger scale than has hitherto been 
attempted in the room devoted to this purpose. The old Aquaria, 
although on a small scale, have always been popular. Many objects of 
rarity and interest have been exhibited from time to time, several of 
which have lived many years in the limited accommodation provided for 
them, and it is hoped that the improved arrangements may be still more 
successful and attractive. 



21 

MUSEUM. 



1884. 
217 Days. 

370,744 


1883. 
214 Days. 

386,275 


7,129 


7,425 


1,708 


1,806 



The visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows : — 

Total Visitors in the year . . 

Weekly average . . . . . . . . 

Daily (iverage 

The 18th of October, 1884, was the 23rd anniversary of the opening 
of the Museum in the present building. 

- The total number of visitors during that time amounts to 9,833,498, 
giving a yearly average of 427,543. 

DONATIONS, &o. 



A small collection of Eggs from the Falkland Islands ; presented by 
Mr. John Bonner, 

A young double-bodied Harp Seal, from the Newfoundland Fisheries ; 
presented by Mr, Henry Bowring, 

A Ring-tailed Coati-Mundi, Nasiui rufa, from the Argentine Misiones; 
presented by Ramon Cavenago, second commander of the gunboat 
"Uruguay." 

A considerable collection of specially selected specimens of Fossil 
Corals, Graptolites, weathered specimen of Eozoon, &c., &c., from 
Canada; presented by Sir J. W. Dawson, f.k.s., M'Gill University, 
Montreal (some in Exchange), 

A Hooded Crow, Coitus cornix, shot at Huyton ; presented by Mr. 
H. S. Daine. 

The Hand, Foot, and Ear of a large Chimpanzee, Anthropopithecus 
troglodytes, brought from Cameroons, in exchange ; also 10 specimens of 
Spiders from Cameroons ; presented by Miss Gertrude M. Fletcher. 

A slab of bew Red Sandstone, showing ripple marks, from the Lime 
Street Tunnel ; presented by Mr, J. A. Forrest. 

A branch of a Date Palm, laden with fruit, from Madeira ; presented 
by Mr, G. F. Graham, per Mr. Aug. Cros. 

A second Molar of a young Indian Elephant ; presented by Mr. W. 
Hewitt. 



22 

Three specimens of Stalactitic Sulphate of Iron, from the roof of a 
coal mine ; a nodule of grey Chert found in the Yard Coal Mine, July 
1879, at Kirkless Colliery, Aspull, at a depth of 18 inches in the seam 
of coal; 4 specimens of smooth and curly Cannel Coal from North 
Wales, and 4 specimens of curly and plain Anthracite Coal from South 
Wales ; presented by Mr. Henry Hall, H.M. Inspector of Coal Mines, 
Rainhill. 

A Kestrel, Nests and Eggs of British Birds, specimens of Fresh- 
water Fish for Aquaria, &c. ; presented by Mr. John Hannam. 

Specimens of Entozoa from the Horse, Dog, &c., prepared and pre- 
sented by Professor Allen Barker, f.l.s. 

A specimen of Crystallized Salt (sun-dried) from Benghazi, Egypt; 
presented by Captain John HoUia. 

Piece of a Pile bored throughout by Teredos in 11 months at Lankat 
Wharf, Sumatra ; presented by Mr. Alfred Holt. 

A Great Marbled Godwit, Liviosa fedoa, from Cedar Grove, Florida ; 
a Green Heron, Ardea virescens, from Black Creek, St. John's River, 
Florida ; three Ground Doves, Chamcepelia passerina, from Green Cove 
Spring, Florida ; a Common Thrush from Morsgail, Isle of Lewis, and 
a specimen of a white variety of the Red-Throated Diver, Colymbus 
septentrionalis ; presented by Mr. Hugh Heywood Jones. 

The skin of a Yapock Opossum; two Woodpeckers; a Barbet; a 
Cocoon of an Attacus Silk Moth ; specimens of twelve species of Land 
and Freshwater Shells and a Water Scorpion from San Paulo, Brazil ; 
presented by Mr. E. Dukinfield Jones, c.e.. Corresponding Member 
of the Literary and Philosophical Society, Liverpool. 

Two specimens of the Coypu Rat, a Capybara skin and skull, and a 
collection of specimens, chiefly Marine, made on a voyage between the 
West Coast of South America and Liverpool, collected and presented, 
with written notes and observations, by Captain S. Griffith Jones, barque 
" Hermine," Associate of the Literary and Philosophical Society of 
Liverpool. 

Skulls and Bones of Gorilla and Chimpanzee (?) and five Skulls of 
Hippopotamus from West Africa; presented by Mr. Alfred L. Jones 
(Messrs. Elder, Dempster and Co.), per Mr. C. Potter. 



The Skull and Jaws of a Ceylon Elephant; presented by Mr. Hugh 
Ledward, Colombo, Ceylon, per Mr. J. A. Ledward. 

Two specimens of the rare Eocky-Mountain Goat, Mazama Ameri- 
cana, specially collected for the Museum and presented by Mr. St. 
George Littledale. 

Three young living Alligators from New Orleans ; presented by 
Captain Lochead, S.S. "City of Paris." 

Specimens of Horns and Bones of Ox, Bones of Sheep, and 
Fragments of Bottle marked " John Love, Cor. 1722," found in lowest 
excavations (in blue mud) for new buildings in Paradise Street; 
presented by Mr. Philip McEvoy, per Sir J. A. Picton. 

A young specimen of FunicuUna quadrangularis, collected at Oban, 
1883 ; presented by Mr. W. P. Marshall. 

A specimen of the American Sheep's-head Fish, Archosargus proba- 
tocephalus, also a specimen of American Shad; presented by Captain 
J. H. Mortimer, Associate of the Literary and Philosophical Society of 
Liverpool. 

Thirty living specimens of small British Coral, Balanophyllia regia, 
and 120 specimens of Sea Anemones, Actinia bellis, Actinia gemmacea, 
and Syhyrodeta, from Ilfracombe ; presented by Mr. Charles Moss, for 
the Aquaria. 

A Mud-daubing Wasp's Nest, Pelopoeus, taken from a clock brought 
from the West Indies for repair, the works of which were stopped by 
the nest ; presented by Mr. H. J. Nicholls. 

The Nest of a Tree Wasp, Vespa, from the ceiling of a summer-house 
at Llangollen ; presented by Mr. John Pownall. 

Six hundred Ova of the Loch Leven Trout; presented by Mr. W. 
Ramsbottom. 

A flexible Coral, Gorgonia viminalis, from Maranham ; presented by 
Captain Roach. 

A Collection of 48 specimens of 48 species and varieties of small 
Land Shells, Clausilice, from the Levant ; collected and presented by 
Vice-Admu-al T. A. B. Spratt, c.b., f.r.s. 

Two specimens of Pinna Shells ; presented by Mr. Scknitger. 



24 

Two heads of Four-horned Sheep (a lamb and a four-year old ram) ; 
presented by the Rev. Thomas Staniforth. 

Four bottles of small Freshwater Fishes from Uruguay ; presented by 
Mr. W. J. Sloane, Estanzia del Ombu. 

Eight Eattles of Rattlesnakes, from Ceara, North Brazil ; presented 
by Dr. W. Studart. 

An Albino Opossum, Didelphys, from America ; presented by Mr. 
Federigo T. Sulvas. 

A collection of 95 selected specimens of about 50 species of Butterflies, 
from West Africa ; presented by Miss Marian Swanzy, per Mr. S. Leigh 
Gregson. 

Two blocks of earth containing Nests of Trapdoor Spiders, and living 
and dead specimens of the spiders, from Bordeaux ; presented by Mr. 
Frederick Taylor. 

A photographic view of the Skeleton of Iguanodon in the Brussels Mu- 
seum, and of a Claw from the Isle of Wight ; presented by Mr. G. Thomas. 

A specimen composed of Curvilinear Lenticular Crystals of Calcite 
(Carbonate of Lime), from the floor of a Lead Mine at Bryn-yr-afr, 
Aberystwith; presented by Mr. Norman Thomas, per Mr. George Thomas. 

A South American Barn-Owl, Strix fiammea, from Venezuela; pre- 
sented by Senor Jose J. Vegas, Caraccas, per Mr. F. W. Earle. 

A collection of Marine and other specimens, collected on a voyage from 
Liverpool to Brazil and Burmah ; collected and presented by Captain 
W. H. Cawne Warren, ship "Bedfordshire," Associate of the Literary 
and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 

A Green Woodpecker, a Rock Dove, and other British Birds ; pre- 
sented by Mr. Thomas West. 

A living specimen of a green Locust, Copiphora cornuta ; presented 
by Mr. D. de Yborrondo. 

Four specimens of Coral, from the Java Sea, brought by Captain 
Anderson, of the Siamese Barque, " Koon Kramorn," from the scene of 
the late Earthquakes in the Bay of Sunda ; deposited by Capt. Findlay. 

A Cast, from the original slab in the British Museum, of the Fossil 
Bird from the Lithographic Stone at Solenhofen, Bavaria (Archceopteryx 
lithograph ica) ; presented by the Trustees of the British Museum, in 
exchange, per Dr. Henry Woodward, f.r.s. 



25 

PURCHASES. 
The principal purchases during the year have been as follows, many 
of the vertebrates having been obtained for Osteological purposes : — 

A Human Skeleton, for Lecture purposes ; a White-Thighed Macaque 
Monkey; a Tortoise-Shell Marmozet; a Stuffed Wolf; a Wolf and 
Jackal, for Skeletons ; a male Pudu Deer {Pndua humilis), from Chili, 
(the smallest living species of true Deer) ; a Servaline Cat {Fdis) ; an 
Indian Paradoxure {Paradoxiirus Grayi ?) ; four Jerboas (Dipiis) ; a 
Two-Toed Sloth {Gholopus Hoffmanni); a large upper grinding tooth 
of an Indian Elephant, weighing over seventeen pounds ; the Skull of a 
Rhinoceros ; a large and very complete Skull of Hippopotamus ; the 
Skull of a Dugong ; the Skull of a Viscacha {Lagostomus trichodactylus); 
Mounted Skeletons of an Opossum {Dasyurus viverrinus), and of the 
rare Marsupial, Myrmecobius ; and disarticulated Skulls of a Young 
Orang and American Tapir. 

A Crested Eagle ; a Yarrell's Curassow {Crax caruncidata) ; a Sarus 
Crane {Grus dntigone) ; two Puffins; a Bittern, shot some years since at 
Formby; and thi-ee Australian Banded Grass-Finches {Poephila cincta). 

A Zonure Lizard {Zonurus Derhianns) ; Mounted Skeletons of the 
gigantic Japanese Salamander (Megalobatrachus maxinius), of an 
Aldrovandi's Skink Lizard {Plestiodon auratus), of an Amphisboena, 
and of a Common Snake. 

An Electric Ray {Torpedo vulgaris), weighing seventeen pounds, 
caught in a trawl net by fishermen, at Meols Bay, off Southport. 

Specimens of Trophon Gerversianus, Cypricardia oblonga, Turbo 
■fordani, and twenty other selected species of Shells. 

Fifty-seven selected specimens of British Insects, chiefly Lepidoptera ; 
and two Spiny Lobsters, from Adelaide. 

Three large Starfish (Oreaster) from Billiter Island, and two other 
Echinoderms. 

Thirty selected specimens of Marine Invertebrates and two Young 
Torpedo Fish {Torpedo ocellata), from Dr. Dohrn's Marine Zoological 
Station at Naples. 

A section of a large specimen of Brain Coral ; a Porites Coral from 
Billiter Island ; a Gorgonia from Mauritius ; fifteen small Corals, &c., 
from a Submarine Telegraph Cable at Porto Rico ; and a large specimen 
of Glass-Rope Sponge {Ilyalonema). 



26 

A Lower Jaw of a rare species of Mastodon {Mastodon andium), ■w'itli 
the Molar Teeth in place, illustrating the final stage of dentition, from 
the Newer Tertiary formation of Potosi, South America ; also a detatched 
Upper Molar Tooth of the same species, and from the same locality. 

A small Slab of Fossil Echinoderms, Melonites multipora, from the 
Sub-carboniferous Limestone of St. Louis, U.S.A.; a Fish Palate, Lepi- 
dotus Mantelli ; polished sections of Ammonites heterophyllus and 
A. raricostatus ; Casts of Fish Teeth, Deltodus, Orodus, and Acrodm, 
of a Saurian Tooth, Pliosaurus, and of an Ichthyosaurus Paddle. 

Three Peruvian Fossils, Leptoena and Spirifera ; fourteen specimens 
of Graptolites, chiefly from Skiddaw, and a collection of Carboniferous 
Fossils. 

A collection of selected Fossils, chiefly from the Carboniferous Lime- 
stone of Belgium. 

Large polished section of Agate, and of Moss Agate ; specimen of 
Amber and of Turquoise; a fine specimen of Iceland Spar, and of 
Crystallized Native Copper, and a large group of Crystals of Stibnite, or 
Sulphide of Antimony, from Japan. 

MAYER MUSEUM. 



During the past year numerous additions have been made in the 
various departments, particularly in the collection of local pottery. The 
Ethnographical Department has also received numerous additions, and 
has become more fully developed than any other department in the 
Mayer Museum. 

New balustrade cases have been placed in the Pottery Gallery, and 
have materially assisted in the better display of the specimens, and they 
have also considerably eased the wall cases in which the specimens were 
previously cramped for space. 

DONATIONS. 

Sheet of White Tappa Cloth, from the Sandwich Islands ; presented by 
Mr. R. W. Janion. 

Three Chinese Compasses, presented by Mr. Andrew Burman. 

A Collection of Ethnographical Specimens, from the Andaman 
Islands; presented anonymously. 



I 



27 

Cast of a Roman Stone Carving, found in Cumberland ; presented by 
Mr. Robinson. 

Two Stone Implements and part of an Urn used by tbe Aborigines of 
North Brazil ; presented by Dr. W. Studart. 
. Tinder-Box Pistol ; presented by Mr. Charles T. Gatty. 
T Girdle Dress and a Knife, from Central Africa ; presented by Dr. A. 
Macdonald. 

Impression from the Great Seal of Queen Victoria; presented by 
Mr. Arthur Earle. 

A Collection of Egyptian Antiquities, found in 1884 by Mr. Flinders 
Petrie, mostly at San el Hagar; presented by the Committee of the 
Egyptian Exploration Fund. These specimens prove interesting as 
having the exact localities attached to them. 

A Granite Lion, from the Foochow Pagoda, China; presented by Mr. 
T. Tolson Edward. 

A Plaque, with figures of Idols, probably part of a frieze, found by 
Captain C. C. Wyse on his estate at Syriam, Burmah ; presented by 
Captain Cawne Warren. 

PURCHASES. 

Australian Boomerang. 

Adze, stone head, and elaborately carved wooden handle, from the 
Hervey Islands. 

Two Fetish Figures, from West Africa. 

Collection of Antiquities. 

Calvert and Williams, " Fiji and the Fijians." 

Japanese Musical Instrument. 

Seven Greek Votive Offerings. 

Twelve specimens of Liverpool Printed and other Pottery. 

Pair of Artificial Cock's Spurs, made by Rodgers and Sons. 

Series of Photographs of Greek Antiquities, &c. 

Sixty Prints, Portraits, &c., from various Magazines. 

Sextant, date 1786, and "The Parallatic Rotula for finding the 
Longitude at Sea." 



26 

Cast of a Medallion of Mrs. Hay ; Cup and Saucer of Herculaneum 
Ware. 

Eleven specimens of Liverpool Printed and other Pottery. 

Delft Dish, Liverpool Printed Jug, and a Plate of Herculaneum Ware. 

Selection of Staffordshire and other Pottery. 

Cream-coloured Printed Plate, impressed "Herculaneum." 

War Axe, from the Gaboon River, West Africa. 

Four Spears, from New Britain. 

Liverpool Printed Jug. 

Jug, Printed with Sadler's Transfers. 

Mask, from New Ireland. 

Collection of 40 National Medals. 

Two Jars of Japanese Cloisonne Enamel, and Piece of Carved A.gal- 
matolite. 

Two Japanese Teapots, Banko Ware, and a North American Paddle, 

WALKER ART GALLERY. 

The Gallery has been open to the Public on 256 days during the 
year, and closed on 57 days for cleaning and rearrangement of the 
Permanent Collection. 497,104 persons visited the Gallery during the 
year, being a daily average of 1,941. Of this number 105,774 paid for 
admission to the Autumn Exhibition of Pictures, and nearly 10,000 
school children — specially invited to the Exhibition — are also included 
in the gross total of visitors. 

The following pictures were lent for exhibition by the Trustees of the 
National Gallery, acting under the terms of the National Gallery Loan 
Act. These works will be permitted to remain at the Gallery so long 
as the conditions as to insurance, &c., are carried out : — 

" Cleombrotus ordered into Banishment by Leonidas ; " by Ben- 
jamin West, p.R.A. 

" Old Pier. Little Hampton ; " by Sir A. W. Callcott, r.a. 

" The Countess of Darnley ; " by Sir Thomas Lawrence, p.r.a. 

" Female Bathers ; " by William Etty, r.a. 






29 

" A Capuchin Friar, Calais ; " by E. V. Bippingille. 

" The Surprise : " by C. M. Dubufe. 

" Bloodhounds and Pups ; " by Charles Landseer, b.a. 

" The Foundling ; " by G. B. O'Neil. 

" Evening in the Meadows ; " by F. K. Lee, b.a. (Cattle by 
T. Sidney Cooper, r.a.). 

" View of Kome from the Vatican ; " by J. M. W. Turner, r.a. 

" Rizpah watching the Bodies of her Sons ; " by J. M. W. Turner, 

R.A. 

" Venice Quay — the Riva, degli Schiavoni ; " by J. M. W. Turner, 

R.A. 

Photographs of the principal pictures in the Permanent Collection, 
taken by Messrs. Brown, Barnes and Bell, have been on sale during the 
year (prices 2s., Is., and 6d.). As the fact of these being obtainable 
becomes more widely known they will, no doubt, be in considerable 
demand among connoisseurs and art lovers generally. 

The Committee acceded to a request from the Manchester Arts 
Committee for the loan of the Rossetti Picture " Dante's Dream " for 
their Autumn Exhibition. The opportunity of seeing this celebrated 
work was very highly appreciated by the Manchester public. 

The Committee have also granted permission to several illustrated 
journals to reproduce some of the pictures for their pages in the form 
of wood and steel engravings, etchings, &c. 



AUTUMN EXHIBITION OF PICTURES. 

Number of Pictures and other Works of 1884. 1883. 

Art Exhibited 2,280 

Number of Pictures Sold 291 

Amount realised by Sales £12,313 7 6 

Season Tickets 3,464 649 7 6 

Admission at One Shilling 39,332 1,966 12 

Ditto Sixpence 21,401 535 6 

Ditto Threepenco 41,577 519 14 3 

Catalogues Sold 599 13 3 

Commission on Sales . . . . 432 6 3 

Miscellaneous Receipts 87 7 5 

Amount Received, Exclusive of Sales . . 4,315 5 6 



1,636 
226 

2,098 
26,041 
10,936 
24,389 



£8,472 10 

381 3 

1,302 1 

273 8 

304 17 

434 15 

403 13 

32 6 

2,696 5 



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81 
ADDITIONS TO THE PERMANENT COLLECTION. 



PURCHASES (Oil Paintings). 
" A Mastiff," by Richard Ansdell., r.a. 
" The Old Soldier," by James S. Morland (from the Liverpool 

Autumn Exhibition). 
" Golden Moments," by Isaac Cooke (from the Liverpool Autumn 

Exhibition). 
"Dante and Beatrice," by Henry Holiday (from the Liverpool 

Autumn Exhibition). 
"Rival Grandfathers," by John R. Reid (from the Liverpool 

Autumn Exhibition). 
" A New Light in the Hareem," by Fredk. Goodall, r.a. (from the 

Liverpool Autumn Exhibition). 
" Missed," by Julius M. Price (from the Liverpool Autumn Exhi- 
bition) . 
" Lorenzo and Isabella," by J. E. Millais, r.a. 
" The Port of Liverpool, from the Cheshire Shore" (water colour), 

by Wm. Collingwood, r.w.s. 
Engraving of the "Madonna di San Sisto " (after Raflfaelle), by 

Professor Mandel. 
A Series of Autotype Copies of Pictures from the Galleries at 

Dresden and St. Petersburg. 

DONATIONS. 

Portrait of John Hughes (Mayor 1882), by Jerry Barrett ; presented 
by subscription. 

Bust of O'Connell ; presented by the Catholic Union. 

Volume of Early German Prints (autotype copies) ; presented by 
the Trustees of the British Museum. 

" Mercury Instructing Cupid," copied from the original Painting 
by Correggio in the National Gallery, by Joseph Derry ; pre- 
sented by George Taylor, Esq., m.d., of Derby. 

" The Mocking of Christ " (oil), artist unknown ; presented by 
Malcolm Guthrie, Esq., j.p. 



82 

" Madonna Pietri Degli Scrovigni " (water colour) ; presented by 
the subscribers through H. S. Rathbone, Esq. 

"Eve of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew" (oil), by A. B. Clay ; 
presented by S. H. Thompson, Esq. 

A series of six Oil Paintings, illustrating " The Progress of Intem- 
perance," by E. V. Rippingille ; presented by the Trustees of 
the Liverpool Institute. 

A series of Photogi-aphic Views at the Cape of Good Hope ; pre- 
sented by Joseph Boult, Esq., f.r.i.b.a. 

" The Graces " (marble group), by John Gibson, r.a. ; bequeathed 
by the late Spencer Steers, Esq. 

The following Models, executed by James Bellamy, have been 
presented by William Bennett, Esq., viz. : — 

St. Andrew's Castle (Fifeshii-e), Kirkstall Abbey, Dudley 
Castle, Netley Abbey, Warwick Castle, Goodrich Castle, 
Corfe Castle, Tintern Abbey, Kenilworth Castle, Raglan 
Castle, Fonthill Abbey, Berkeley Castle, Melrose Abbey, 
Brougham Castle, Egremont Castle, Stonehenge (Salisbury 
Plain), and Ruins of the Pharos in Dover Castle. 

Signed on behalf of the Committee, 

J. A. PICTON, Kt., 

Chairman. 



15 JUL 1898 



J 




THIRTY-THIRD 




ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMTITEE 



OF THE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



MUSEUM 



WALKER ART GALLERY 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 





LIVERPOOL : 
A. Russell, Son <k Bayley, Printers, 30, Moobfields. 

1886. 




THIRTY-THIRD 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



MUSEUM 



WALKER ART GALLERY 



OF THE 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 





LIVERPOOL: 
A. RUSSELL, SON & BAYLEY, PRINTERS, 30, MGORFIELDS. 

1886. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 

FOB THE YEARS 1885-86. 



OTommtttEC. 

Sir JAMES ALL ANSON PICTON, f.s.a., Chairman. 

Alderman EDWARD SAMUELSON, Deputy-Chairman. 

Alderman DAVID RADCLIFFE, Mayor. 



ANTHONY BOWER, 
Lieut. -Col. A. H. BROWN, m.p., 
ANDREW COMMINS, ll.d., m p., 
JOHN DAVIES, 
GEORGE C. DOBELL, 
ROBERT HAMILTON, 
Rev. H. H. HIGGINS, m.a., 
THOMAS HOLDER, 



ROBERT D. HOLT, 
WILLIAM J. LUNT, 
JOSEPH MAYER, f..s.a., 
EDMUND K. MUSPRATT, 
JAMES POOLE, 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE, 
THOMAS E. STEPHENS, 
Alderman Sir A. B.WALKER, B.vrt. 



Qlhict |£ibraiiau. 

PETER GO WELL. 



<Sub-^ibrarian. 

THOMAS FORMBY. 

Curator of the Jtltiscum. 

THOMAS J. MOORE. 

Clonfhologist, Jtlincralogiet, Sec. 

F. P. MARRAT. 

(Eutator of the cEalkcr ^rt ©alUry. 

CHARLES DYALL. 



REPO RT. 



The past year has been one of continued usefulness and steady progress, 
without any incidents of a sensational character. 

The whole of the site is now occupied by the buildings of the three 
departments: the Brown Library, the Derby and Mayer Museums, and 
the Walker Art Gallery. Every department is fully utilized, and each is 
pressing for increased accommodation. This can only be obtained by 
extending the buildings westward, the north, east, and south sides abut- 
ting on the streets. 

The premises on the west, extending to Byrom Street, are now the 
property of the Corporation, purchased under an Improvement Act. It 
is to be hoped that the time is not far distant when public opinion will 
be brought to bear on the subject, and will support an attempt to com- 
bine with the present institution provision for technical education in the 
arts and manufactures, for the want of which our artizans are placed at a 
great disadvantage compared with the French and Germans, 

In this direction reference was made in the last Keport to a proposed 
Collection of Casts illustrative of the progress of Art, especially as con- 
nected with architectural decoration, similar to those which exist in 
London and Paris. On the motion of Mr. P. H. Rathbone, a resolution 
was carried in the Council on 2nd December, 1885, for the establishment 
of such a collection, and a sum of £500 was granted for the purpose. 
Steps have been taken towards carrying out the proposal. 

The Committee have to record with deep regret the decease of Mr. 
Joseph Mayer, a member of this Committee, and the generous donor of 
the Museum which bears his name. He had spent a long life in devotion 
to the illustration of historic art, of which he made a very extensive 
collection, a great part of it unique, and all of great value. The Wedg- 
wood ware, the collection of ivory carvings, and the Faussett Anglo- 
Saxon antiquities deserve special mention. The whole collection he freely 
presented to the City without any restriction or condition. It may be 
mentioned also that at Bebington, in the neighbourhood where he resided, 
he formed and endowed a Free Public Library, and presented to the 
public an ornamental park. 

The Branch Evening Reading Rooms, established last year as an ex- 
periment, have been found successful, having been visited during the year 
by 70,000 readers, being an average of 230 each night. 



The Autumn and Winter Free Lectures, of which notices will be found 
below, have been eminently successful. The two Autumn courses, con- 
sisting of six lectures each, had an average attendance of 1,050. The 
Winter series, of a more popular character, consisted of forty lectures, 
most of them illustrated. The average attendance was 1,315. 

The particulars of the Walker Art Gallery are given below. It will be 
found that, notwithstanding the exceptional character of the previous 
year's Exhibition, the number of visitors has only to a small extent 
diminished. 

In the Museum the circulating loan cabinets of interesting specimens 
have been found exceedingly attractive in the Public Elementary Schools, 
and beneficial both to the teachers and pupils. 

It will be seen that a valuable bequest in the Entomological depart- 
ment has been made by the late Mr. Nicholas Cooke, of Liscard. 

The Ethnological collection, which for a considerable period was an 
object of great interest and instruction, is now altogether dismantled for 
want of adequate space, giving evidence that the extension of the Museum 
ought no longer to be delayed. 

On the whole, the institution may be pronounced in a sound and 
healthy condition, performing its work quietly and unostentatiously, and 
materially contributing to the cause of education and progress. 

EEFERENCE LIBRARY. 



Table I. — Showing the Books issued during the year : — 

Daily 
Classification. 

Theology, Morals, &c. 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 

Magazines in Volumes, &c.) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 

Education and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction ... ... 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 

Heraldry, Encyclopaedias, and Works of Eef erence . . . 

Total 650,152 2,316 



Volumes. 


Avera, 


24,654 

22,681 

7,905 

34,205 


88 

81 

28 

122 


23,896 

8,204 

12,618 


103 
30 
45 


190,901 
7,063 


679 
25 


4,-355 
7,148 


17 
26 


14,109 

258,744 


50 
920 


3,433 

25,236 


12 
90 



In order to enable readers of the various magazines and periodicals to 
consult the current numbers without the delay of having to apply for 
them to the Library Assistants, they are now placed on the Library 
tables to be selected at pleasure. While this plan has given great satis- 
faction to readers and increased the use of the magazines, &c., it has 
prevented satisfactory statistics being taken of their issue. 

It is computed, on the basis of the increased attendances this year at 
the Library, that their issue has greatly exceeded that of last year which 
amounted to 395,976. 

A list of these magazines and periodicals is given on pages 6-8. 

Total Patents for Inventions consulted : 16,199. Daily average: 58. 

Table II. — Showing the number and classification of 
during the year: — 

Classificatiou. 

Theology, Morals, &c 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c, 
Natural History ... 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 

Magazines, &a) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce, Political Economy, &c. 
Education and Language 
Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 
Heraldry, Encyclopaedias, and Works of Eeference 

Total 

Branch Evening Reading Rooms 

Place. 
Stanley Road Board School 
Queen's Road Board School 
Chatsworth Street Board School 
Wellington Road School 

69,915 230 

These Rooms are open from 6 to 9.30 p.m. for the reading of newspapers and 
periodicals. 



jation of 


works added 


Volumes 
added. 


Total Number in 
the Library. 


. 261 


6,720 


84 


2,070 


. 206 


4,750 


. 357 


10,101 


. 390 


11,167 


. 241 


4,502 


. 101 


4,752 


. 1,074 


19,942 


. 406 


7,118 


94 


1,153 


61 


1,422 


83 


3,623 


31 


5,543 


40 


771 


. 126 


2,795 


. 3,555 


86,429 


OMS. 
Attendance 


Average 
per night. 


. 20,854 


69 


. 17,673 


58 


. 18,791 


62 


. 12,597 


41 



6 



The foUowiug is tlie List of Maga: 

Befereuce Library : — 

Quarterly. 

Aunales des sciences naturelles 

Archseologia Cambrensis 

Archaeological Journal 

British and Foreign Evangelical Eeview 

British Quarterly Review 

Calcutta Review 

Church Quarterly Review 

Dublin Review 

Edinburgh Review 

Geninen, Y 

Grevillea 

Ibis 

Journal de conchyliologie 

Journal fiir Oriiithologie 

Journal of Anatomy , , . , 

Journal of the British Archaeological 

Association 
Journal of the Royal Agricultural 

Society 

Journal of the Society of Antiquaries 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
London Quarterly Review 
Manchester Quarterly 
Mind 
Navy List 

Numismatic Chronicle and Journal 
Quarterly Journal of the Geological 

Society . 

Quarterly Journal of Microscopical 

Science 
Quarterly Review 
Revue celtique 
Stray Feathers 
Sunday Review 
Traethodydd 
"Westminster Review 
Zeitschrift fiir deutsche Philologie 
Zeitschrift fiir Ethnologie 

Monthly. 

All the Year Round 

American Naturalist 

Anualen der Physik und Chemie 

. Beiblatter zu den Annalen 

der Physik 
Annales de chimie et de physique 
Annals and Magazine of Natural 

History 
Antiquary 
Argosy 
Army List 



zines and Periodicals taken in the 



Monthly — Continued. 

Art Journal 

Association News 

Atlantic Monthly 

Band of Hope Review 

Banker's Magazine 

Belgravia 

Bibliothbque universelle 

Birmingham, &c. Hardware Circular 

Blackwood's Magazine 

Book Lore 

Botanical Magazine 

British Temperance Advocate 

Building World 

Cambridge Examiner 

Cassell's Magazine 

Century 

Chambers's Journal 

China Review 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

Clergyman's Magazine 

Congregational Magazine 

Congregationalist 

Contemporary Review 

Cornhill Magazine 

Daheim 

Day of Days 

Dietetic Reformer 

Draughtsman's Sketch Book 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Educational Times 

English Illustrated Magazine 

Englishwoman's Review 

Expositor 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Food 

Fortnightly Review 

Furniture Gazette 

Gazette des beaux-arts 

Gartenlaube, Die 

Gentleman's Magazine 

Geological Magazine 

Gloucestershire Notes and Queries 

Good Health 

Good Words 

Hand and Heart 

Harper's Magazine 

Herald of Health 

Hibernia 

Home Words 

Homoeopathic World 



Monthly — Continued. 

Indian Antiquary 

Insurance Times 

Investor's Monthly Manual 

Irish Temperance Banner 

Journal of the Chemical Society 

Journal of Science 

Journal of Speculative Philosophy 

Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 

Journal of the Vigilance Association 

Knowledge 

Leisure Hour 

Library Chronicle 

Library Journal 

Liebig's Annalen der Chemie 

Liverpool Diocesan Gazette 

Livre, Le 

London, &c. Philosophical Magazine 

London Society 

Longman's Magazine 

Machinery Market 

Macmillan's Magazine 

Magazine of Art 

Methodist Chronicle 

Mineralogical Magazine 

Miscellanea genealogica 

Moniteur des architectes 

Month 

Musical Times 

National Anti- Vaccination Reporter 

National Review 

Nautical Magazine 

New Church Magazine 

Nineteenth Century 

North American Review 

Observatory 

Palatine Note-Book 

Petermann's Mittheilungen 

Pitman's Musical Monthly 

Portfolio 

Present Truth 

Printer's Register 

Printing Times and Lithographer 

Provincial Medical Journal 

Quiver 

Railway Guide, Bradshaw's 

Revue arch^ologique 

Revue britannique 

Revue chrdtienne 

Royal Astronomical Society's Monthly 
Notices 

Royal Geographical Society's Journal 

Sanitary Record 

Science Gossip 

Shipping World 

Shorthand Magazine 

Sloan's Duployan Phonographic Journal 



Month ly — Continued. 

South American Journal 

Sunday at Home 

Sunday Magazine 

Temple Bar 

Theatre 

Tinsley's Magazine 

Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 

Truthseeker 

United Service Magazine 

Unsere Zeit 

Walford's Antiquarian 

Wesleyan Methodist Magazine 

Western Antiquary 

Women's Suffrage Journal 

Yachting Magazine 

Zoologist 

Zoophilist 

Fortnightly. 

Interm^diaire, L'. 
Revue des deux mondes 



Weekly. 

Academy 

American Settler 

Amateur Photographer 

Anglo-American Times 

Architect 

Athenaeum 

Brewers' Guardian 

British Architect 

British and Colonial Printer and 

Stationer 
Broad Arrow 
Builder 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 
Building News 
Chemical News 

Cambridge University Reporter 
Church of England Temperance 

Chronicle 
Chronique des arts 
Civilian 

Colonies and India 
Comptes rendus 

Dingler's Polytechnisches Journal 
Draper 
Economist 
Electrical Review 
Electrician 
Engineer 
Engineering 
English Mechanic 
Era 



Weekly — Continued. 

Fair Play 

Field 

Fireside News 

Fun 

Gazette des architectes 

Gardeners' Chronicle 

Graphic 

Grocer 

Illustrated London News 

Invention 

Iron 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 

Jewish Chronicle 

Journal of Gaslighting 

Journal of Horticulture 

Journal of the Society of Arts 

Judy 

Lancet 

Land and Water 

Law Times 

Light 

Liverpool Review 

Local Government Chronicle 

London Gazette 

Medium 

Mining Journal 



Weekly — Continued. 

Money 

Moonshine 

Nature 

Naval and Military Gazette 

Notes and Queries 

Oxford University Gazette 

Pharmaceutical Journal 

Pictorial World 

Porcupine 

Public Opinion 

Punch 

Railway Journal 

Railway Review 

Sale and Exchange 

Sanitary World 

Saturday Review 

Scientific American 

Signs of the Times 

Spectator 

Temperance Record 

Tit-Bits 

Truth 

Volunteer Service Gazette 

Vanity Fair 

Weekly Notes 

World 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, &c., have been presented 
regularly by the Publishers : — 



Amateur Photographer 

Association News 

American Settler 

Anglo-American Times 

Birmingham and Sheffield Hai'dware 

Circular 
Bootle Times 
Brewers' Guardian 
British and Colonial Printer and 

Stationer 
British Temperance Advocate 
Builders' Weekly Reporter 
Building World 
Cambridge Examiner 
Cape Argus 
Church of England Temperance 

Chronicle 
Church Missionary Gleaner 
Church Missionary Intelligencer 
Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 
Clergyman's Magazine 
Colonies 

Congregationalist 
Day of Days 



Dietetic Reformer 
Draper 

Draughtsman's Sketch Book 
Ecclesiastical Observer 
Electrical Review 
Englishwoman's Review 
Fair Play 

Financial Reformer 
Fireside 
Fireside News 
Food 

Good Health 
Hand and Heart 
Herald of Health 
Home Words 
Homoeopathic World 
Insurance Times 
Invention 

Irish Temperance Banner 
Iron and Coal Trades Review 
Jewish World 

Journal of Speculative Philosophy 
Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 



Journal of the Statistical Society 

Journal of the Vigilance Association 

Leeds Times 

Light 

Liverpool Albion (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool and Bootle Evening Times 

Liverpool Catholic Times 

Liverpool Courier (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Echo 

Liverpool Express 

Liverpool Halfpenny Weekly 

Liverpool Mercury (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Porcupine 

Liverpool Post (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Eeview 

Liverpudlian 

Machinery Market 

Medium 

Methodist Chronicle 

Money 

Naval and Military Gazette 



New Church Magazine 

Pitman's Musical Monthly 

Present Truth 

Preston Herald 

Provincial Medical Journal 

Railway Review 

Richmond and Twickenham Times 

Sale and Exchange 

Sanitary World 

Shipping World 

Signs of the Times 

Sloan's Daployan Phonographic Journal 

South American Journal 

Sunday Eeview 

Temperance Record 

Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 

Western Daily Press 

Woman's Suffrage Journal 

Worcestershire Herald 

Zoophilist 



The following is a list of the Newspapers provided for use in the 
Newsroom : — 



Baner ac Amserau Cymru 
Belfast News-Letter 
Birmingham Daily Gazette 
Birmingham Daily Post 
Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald 
Freeman's Journal (2 copies) 
Glasgow Herald 
Irish Times 
Leeds Mercury 
Liverpool Daily Albion 
Liverpool Courier (6 copies) 
Liverpool Daily Post (6 copies) 
Liverpool Journal of Commerce 



Liverpool Mercury (6 copies) 
London Daily News (2 copies) 
London Morning Post 
London Standard (2 copies) 
London Telegraph (2 copies) 
London Times (2 copies) 
Manchester Courier 
Manchester Guardian 
New York Herald 
Pall Mall Gazette 
Scotsman 

Western Daily Press 
Yorkshire Post 



Donations. 



The following Donations have been received during the year :— 



Abraham, A. C. : — Pharmaceutical Jour- 
nal and Transactions, vols. 1-9. 

Anonymously : — Account of two Cases 
of Diabetes, by John Bostock ; The 
Nomenclature of the new London 
Pharmacopoeia, by John Bostock ; Re- 
marks on Pharmaceutical Nomencla- 
ture, by John Bostock. 

Anderson's College, Glasgow :— Calen- 
dar, 1884-85. 

Authoress, The:— St. George and the 



Dragon: a World-wide Legend 
localised, by Guanon. 

Baker, Ebxest E. (the Editor) :— A 
True Report of certain Wonderful 
Overflowings of Waters in Somerset, 
Norfolk, and other parts of England, 
A.D. 1607. 

Barrow - in Fcrness Free Public 
Library :— Catalogue of the Books in 
the Reference and Lending Depart- 
ments, 



10 



DONATIONS— Co)i<;n«erf. 



Bath Koyal Literary and Scientific 

In'STITUTIOM : — Annual Report, 1884. 
Beloe, Charles H. : — Annual Report of 
the United States Life-Saving Service, 
1883-4. 
Best, W. T. (the Editor) :— Bach's Organ 
Works, vol. 1 ; The Handel Album, 2 
vols. 
Bewlev, Edward W. (the Author) : — 

Dudley Castle in the Black Country. 
Biggs, Miss C. A. (the Editor] :— Suffrage 

Stories, Nos. 1-4. 
Birkenhead Literary and Scientific 

Society: — Report, 1884-5. 
Birmingham Free Public Library: — 
Catalogue of B'loks in the Reference 
Department, Letter B. 
Birmingham, the Mayor of: — History 
of the Corporation of Birmingham, by 
J. T. Bunce, vol. 2. 
BiRT, William, Manager, Great 
Eastern Railway:— Poppy- Land, by 
Clement Scott (2 copies). 
Blake, W. F., London : — International 
Policy : Essays on the Foreign Rela- 
tions of England. 2nd ed. (5 copies). 
Board of Trade, The : — Reports of 
Inquiries under the Merchant Shipping 
Acts, and Boiler Explosions Act. 
Boston Public Library, U.S.A. ; — 

Bulletins. 
BosroNiAN Society, Boston, U.S.A. : — 
Proceedings at the Annual Meeting, 
Jan. 13, 1885. 
BouRSAUD, Rev. Edward V., s.j., 
Boston, U.S.A. : — History of the 
Sodalities of the Blessed Virgin Mary : 
a Memorial of the Tercentenary Jubilee, 
1584-1884. 
Boyle, Robert, & Son, Messrs.: — 
Robert Boyle, Inventor and Philan- 
thropist, by Lawrence Saunders. 
Bradford Public Free Library :— 
Catalogue of the Central Reference 
Department. 
British Association for the Advance- 
ment OF Science : — Report of the 
Montreal Meeting, 1884. 
British Museum Trustees :— Autotype 
Facsimile of the Codex Alexandrinus, 
vols. 1-3 ; Catalogue of Ancient Manu- 
scripts, part 2 — Latin ; Catalogue of 
Indian Coins: the Muhammadan States, 
the Sultiius of Dehli, 2 vols. ; Catalogue 
of Printed Books, 37 vols.; Catalogue 
of the Birds, vol. 10 ; Catalogue of the 
Fossil Mammalia, part 1 ; Catalogue of 
the Lizards, 2ad ed., vol. 1 ; Guide to 
the Collection of Fossil Fishes ; Guide 
to the Galleries of Mammalia ; Guide 
to the Gallery of Reptilia ; List of the 
Specimens of Cetacea in the Zoological 



Department, by William H. Flower ; 
Medallic Illustrations of the History of 
Great Britain and Ireland, by the late 
Edward Hawkins, f.r.s., 2 vols. 
Castellain, Alfred, j.p.:— Journal of 
the Royal Agricultural Society of Eng- 
land, 2nd ser., vol. 20, part 2, and vol. 
21, part 1. 
Christie, Dr. T. W. (the Author) :— 
Rome's Pernicious Education of the 
People ; and 2 other Pamphlets. 
Church of England Laymen's Defence 
Association, Salford : — Tracts, 1864- 
1881. 
Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce : — 

Thirty-sixth Annual Report. 
Clegg, Thomas, Liverpool : — Ritualism 

at Maghull (3 Pamphlets.) 
Clermont, The Rt. Hon. Lord : — 
Fortescue Family History : Supplement 
to Chapter 1. 
Cobden Club, The : — Annual Meeting, 
1885: Report (6 copies); Cobden Club 
Dinner, 1885 : Special Report ; Cobden 
Club Leaflets ; Depression in the West 
Indies : Free Trade the only Remedy, 
by C. S. Salmon (27 copies); Free Trade 
versus Fair Trade, by Sir T. H. Farrer; 
The Indian Council, by William Birk- 
myre (3 copies); The Public Letters of 
the Rt. Hon. John Bright, M.P., com- 
piled and ed. by H. J. Leech ; The 
Trade Depression : its Causes and its 
Remedies, by George W. Medley (25 
copies); Trade Depression : Recent and 
Present, by Augustus Mongredien, 2ud 
ed. (26 copies); The World's Workers: 
Piicliard Cobden, by Richard Go wing 
(26 copies); also several Pamphlets. 
Commons Prkservation Society: — Ex- 
tracts from the Court RoUs of the 
Manor of Wimbledon. 
Cornell Univer.sity, Ithaca, U.S.A.: — 

Library Bulletin. 
Corthell, Elmer L., New York (the 
Author) : — The Interoceanic Problem 
and its Scientific Solution. 
Craddock, Thomas (the Author) : — Man 
and Nature : Poems written long ago ; 
Peterborough Cathedral : a General, 
Architectural, and Monastic History. 
Crunden, Frederick M. (the Author): 
— The Functions of a Public Library 
and its value to a Community. 
Danson, J.T. (the Author): — Under- writ- 
ing of 1883-84 in England and Abroad. 
Doherty, Hugh, m.d. (the Author): — 
Organic Philosophy, or Man's True 
Place in Nature, 5 vols. ; Philosophy 
of History and Social Evolution ; Philo- 
sophic organique : I'homme et la nature, 
2me 6d. 



11 



DONATIONS— Conemwed. 



Dkesser, Frederick : — Report on the 
Administration of British Burma dur- 
ing 1883-84. 

Driffield, E. Townshend : — Address to 
H. R. H. the Prince Regent (King 
George IV. ) with Reference to a certain 
Outrage and Insults oJSfered to his Royal 
Person, 1817- 

Dublin University : — Calendar, 1885 ; 
Examination Papers, 1884. 

Dumbarton Free Public Library : — 
Catalogue. 

Durham University : — Calendar, 1885. 

Edwards, Frederick W. (the Author): 
—The Elementary Education Acts ; 
Technical Education : its Rise and Pro- 



Ellis, John W., l.r.C.p. (the Author): 
— Coleoptera of the Liverpool District, 
parts 5-6 ; The Lepidopterous Fauna of 
Lancashire and Cheshire, part 1. 
Engineers, The Society of : — Transac- 
tions for 1884. 
Evans, A., Liverpgol : — Spiritual Reli- 
gion and Pulpit Power, by Rev. J. 
Thomas, d.d. 
Financial Reform Association, Liver- 
pool: — Financial Reform Almanack, 
1886 ; Reply to the Attacks upon the 
Financial Reform Association. "• 
Fitzroy Free Public Library, Aus- 
tralia :— Catailogue, 1878. 
Freeman, Henry (the Author): — On 
Speech Formation as the Basis for True 
Spelling. 
Fryer, Alfred C, Ph.D., m.a. (the 
Author) :— Aidan, the Apostle of the 
North ; Book of English Fairy Tales 
from the North Country ; Harold and 
the Months; "Vic": the Autobio- 
graphy of a Pomeranian Dog. 
Fulton, R. E. (the Publisher) :— Com- 
mercial Directory and Shipper's Guide, 
1885. 
GiBAUD, L. D. (the Author): — An At- 
tempt to solve the Problem of the 
Inspiration of the Scriptures. 
Green, Samuel S., U.S.A. (the Author): 

— Public Libraries and Schools. 
Halliwell-Phillipps, J. 0. (the Author) : 
The Stratford Records and the Shakes- 
peare Autotypes (2 copies). 
Hance, Edward W. B. M., ll.b. (the 
Author):— On the Relation of the State 
to the Individual : a Paper. 
Harrison, Reginald, f.r.c.s. : — Les pro- 
menades de Paris, par A. Alphand, 
2 vols. 
Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass., 
U.S.A. :— Annual Report of the Curator 
of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
1884-85 ; Bulletin of the Museum of 



Comparative Zoology, vol. 7, Nos. 2-8, 
and 11, vol. 12, Nos. 1-2 ; Memoirs of 
the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 
vol. 11, part 1. 
Henderson, Alexander, and Miss 
Fanny Josephs, Prince of Wales 
Theatre, Liverpool: — Playbills, &c., 
1885. 
Hendrie, Matthew : — Annual Report 
of the Royal National Life-Boat Insti- 
tution, 1885. 
Hill, Miss Rosamond Davenport, and 
Miss Florence Davenport Hill (the 
Authors) : — What we saw in Australia; 
The Recorder of Birmingham : a Me- 
moir of Matthew Davenport HUl (2 
copies). 
Holmes, Thomas, Liverpool : — Address 
on the occasion of the Election of Com- 
missioners, 1806, to Inspect the Ac- 
counts of the Liverpool Dock Estate ; 
Letter to Dr. Lyon Playfair upon the 
Unhealthy State of Liverpool, by Henry 
Laxton ; Report of the Commissioners 
appointed to Inspect, &c. , the Accounts 
of the Liverpool Dock Estate, 1824 ; 
Report of the Speeches delivered at the 
Great Free Trade Meeting, Liverpool, 
1852 ; True and Wonderful History of 
Dick Liver, by Timothy Touchstone, 
1832. 
India, The Rt. Hon. the Secretary of 
State for : — The Sacred Books of the 
East, vols. 20, 22, and 24. 
Institution of Civil Engineers : — 
Minutes of Proceedings, vols. 79-82 ; 
Minutes of Proceedings : Name-Index 
to vols. 1-58, and Brief Subject-Index 
to vols. 59-82 ; Charter, By-Laws, and 
List of Members, 1885 ; Heat in its 
Mechanical Applications : Lectures, 
1883-4; The Theory and Practice of 
Hydro-Mechanics: Lectures, 1884-5. 
Institution of Mechanical Engineer.s: 
—Proceedings, 1884, No. 4, and 1885, 
Nos. 1-4; General Index to Proceed- 
ings, 1874-1884. 
International Congress of Anthropo- 
logy AND Prehistoric Archaeology : 
— Compte rendu de la 9me session k 
Lisbonne, 1880. 
International Health Exhibition Ex- 
ecutive Council : — Health Exhibition 
Literature, vols. 17-19. 
Irving, Henry: — Henry Irving's Impres- 
sions of America, by Joseph Hatton. 
New ed 
Irwin, Thomas (the Author): — Winter 
and Summer Stories and Slides of 
Fancy's Lantern. 
Isaac, Mrs. S. A. , Liverpool (per Percy 
L. Isaac, m.i.n.a.): — Circular respect- 



12 



DONATIONS— Co»<mMerf. 



ing the proposed formation of the Liver- 
pool Public Library, Museum, and 
Gallery of Art, 1851. 

Jackson, Luis (the Author): — "1900": 
the Transference of the Jewish Sabbath 
to the National Day of Rest (3 copies). 

Kerslake, Thomas (the Author): — The 
Liberty of Independent Historical Re- 
search. 

Lach-Szyrma, Rev. W. S., m.a. (the 
Author):— The Folk-Lore of the Sea; 
Two Hundred Antiquities and Places 
worth seeing in or near Penzance. 

Laird, Egerton K. (the Author) : — A 
Trip to the Yellowstone National Park 
in 1884. 

Lancashire and Cheshire Entomolo- 
gical Society : — Annual Report, 1884. 

Lee, Harold, Liverpool : — The Nut- 
cracker : a Magazine of Current Litera- 
ture, vol. 1, L'pool, 1874. 

Library Reports from the following 
Libraries : — Aberdeen ; Aston, Manor 
of ; Baltimore Peabody Institute ; Bar- 
row-in-Furness ; Birmingham Free Lib- 
raries ; Birmingham Library ; Bolton ; 
Boston, U.S.A.; Bradford; Brighton; 
Bristol Museum and Library ; Cam- 
bridge ; Cardiff ; Chester ; Chicago, 
U.S.A.; Cincinatti, U.S.A.; Copenha- 
gen Royal Library; Doncaster; Dublin; 
Ealing; Germantown Friends, U.S.A.; 
Harvard College Library ; Glasgow 
Mitchell Library ; Glasgow Stirling's 
Library; Halifax; Handsworth ; Kid- 
derminster ; Leamington Spa ; Leeds ; 
Leicester; Middlesborough; New York 
Astor Library ; New York Mercantile 
Library Association ; New York Col- 
umbia College Library ; Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne; Newport; Newton, U.S. A.; 
Norwich ; Nottingham ; Philadelphia 
Mercantile Library, U.S.A. ; Plymouth; 
Preston ; Reading ; Richmond ; Koch- 
dale ; St. Helen's ; St. Louis Public 
School Library; Salford ; Pan Francisco 
Mercantile Library; Smethwick; South 
Australia, Adelaide ; Southport ; Staf- 
ford ; Stockport ; Stoke-upon-Trent ; 
Swansea ; Toronto, Canada ; Tyne- 
mouth ; Victoria ; Walsall ; VVednes- 
bury ; West Bromwich ; Westminster 
St. Margaret and St. John ; Wigan ; 
Wolverhampton; Worcester, Mass., 
U.S.A. 
Liverpool Amateur Photographic As- 
sociation : — Annual Report. 
Liverpool Architectural Society : — 

Proceedings, 35th and 36th Sessions. 
Liverpool Art Club:— Annual Report. 
Liverpool Astronomical Society : — 
Journal, v. 3, parts 3-8. 



Liverpool Conservative Club (per 
Major W. J. Barker, Secretary) : — 
Proceedings in connection with the 
Ceremony of Laying the Corner Stone 
of the Liverpool Conservative Club by 
the Most Hon. the Marquis of Salis- 
bury, K.G., 1882. 
Liverpool Council of Education : — 
Tenth Annual Report ; Address by 
H. R. H. the Duke of Albany, K.G., 
and General Proceedings on the occa- 
sion of the Distribution of Scholarships 
and Prizes, Jan. 26, 1884 
Liverpool Engineering Society :— An- 
nual Report, 1884 ; Transactions, vols. 
2-5. 
Liverpool Geological Association: — 

Transactions, vol. 5, Nos. 1 and 4-10. 
Liverpool Geological Society :— Pro- 
ceedings, vol. 5, part 1. 
Liverpool Horticultural Association: 

— Annual Report. 
Liverpool Incorporated Chamber of 
Commerce: — Manchester Ship Canal 
Bill : Report of the Charges of the 
Port Committee on the opposition of 
the Chamber to the Bill, &c. 
Liverpool Institutions : — Reports have 
been received from the following : 
Catholic Reformatory Association ; 
Central Relief and Charity Organisation 
Society ; Church of England Scripture 
Readers' Society ; Liverpool Clerks' 
Association ; Holy Trinity Ragged 
School and Certified Industrial Schools; 
"The Hc'me"; Mercantile Marine Ser- 
vice Association School-Ship "Con- 
way"; Mersey Mission to Seamen; 
Penny Savings Bank; School of Science; 
Seamen's Friend Society ; Shipwreck 
and Humane Society ; Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Children ; 
Sunday School Union ; Town Mission ; 
Training-Ship " Indefatigable "; Young 
Women's Christian Association. 
Liverpool Literary and Philosophical 

Society : — Proceedings, vol. 39. 
Liverpool (Lyceum) Library:— Catalo- 
gues, 1830, 1838, 1866; and Annual 
Supplementary Catalogue, 1885. 
Liverpool Medical Institution: — 
Liverpool Medico-Chirurgical Journal, 
Nos. 8-9. 
Liverpool Mercantile Marine Ser- 
vice A.ssociATiON : — Reporter, v. 9. 
Liverpool Naturalist's Field Club : — 
Proceedings, 1883-4 and 1884-5. 2 
vols. 
Liverpool Philomathic Society : — Pro- 
ceedings, vol. 3. 
Liverpool Polytechnic Society : — 
Journal. 



13 



DONATIONS— CoM«jnMed. 



Liverpool School Board : — Proceed- 
ings, 1882-3 and 1883-4 ; Report of the 
General Purposes Committee, 1873. 
Liverpool Science Students' Associa- 
tion: — Annual Report, 1884-5. 
Liverpool University College: — Cal- 
• endar, 1885-86. 

Lloyd's Register op Shipping, The 
Commutee of : — Annals of Lloyd's 
Register. (3 copies). 
London, The Corporation of : — Calen- 
dar of Letters from the Mayor and 
Corporation of the City of London, 
circa a.d. 1350-70 ; London's Roll of 
Fame : being complimentary Votes and 
Addresses from the City of London on 
Presentation of the Honorary Freedom 
of that City. 
London Trinity College :— Calendar, 

1885-6. 
Macfie, R. a. (the Author) : — The Ques- 
tions put by the Royal Commissioners 
on the Depressed State of Trade dealt 
with in an Independent but Sympathe- 
tic Spirit, by a former M.P. 
McGovERN, Joseph H. (the Author) : — 
How to select Property before Purcha- 
sing and how to ascertain its correct 
Value ; Suggestions for artistically and 
practically laying out Building Estates. 
Manchester Statistical Society : — 

Transactions, 1884-5. 
Marcus, Alfred A., Boston: — Sacred 
Memorial Services in Memory of the 
late Sir Moses Montefiore, Bart. 
Marrat, F. P., Liverpool: — Autograph 
Letter of the 13th Earl of Derby; Cours 
616mentaire de pal6ontologie et de geo- 
logic stratigraphiques, par Alcide d' 
Orbigny; The Insect, by Jules Michelet; 
Notes to accompany Mr. Wyld's Model 
of the Earth, Leicester Square, London; 
Paul's Letters to his Kinsfolk, by Sir 
Walter Scott, 1816; Report on the 
alleged Dearness and Insufficiency of 
the Supply of Water to Liverpool, 1845 ; 
Resolutions, Reports, and Bye-Laws of 
the Liverpool Royal Institution, 1814- 
1822. 
Marsden, J. AND Co., Messrs. (the Pub- 
lishers^: — Anglo-Indian and American 
Traders' Journal, 1885. 
Mar-shall, George W., ll.d. (the 
Author) : — Miscellanea Marescalliana : 
being Genealogical Notes of the Sur- 
name of Marshall, vol. 2, part 1. 
Maw, George (the Author): — Results of 
Experiments on the Potato Crop ; and 
3 other Pamphlets. 
Miller, Robert C., Librarian, Free 
Library, Fitzroy, Australia : — 
Books and their Influence. 



Milwaukee Public Mu.seum, U.S.A.: — 
Annual Report, 1884. 

Moon, William, ll.b. (the Publisher): — 
Four Centuries of Poetry, selected and 
arranged by Francis Martin, vol. 1 
(Moon's Books for the Blind). 

Moore, John S. (the Author): — A Book 
in Pieces. 

Moore, Morris, Sen. (the Author): — 
Raphael's " Apollo and Marsyas," 2nd 
ed. 

Morris, John S. C. (Author and Pub- 
lisher) ; — The National Policy : being a 
series of Addresses ; Business Directory 
of London, 1885. 

Morton, G. H. : — Liverpool Royal Insti- 
tution : Report, 1885. 

Morton and Co., Messrs: — An Illus- 
trated and Descriptive Guide to t'ne 
Great Railways of England and their 
Connections with the Continent. (4 
copies.) 

Mott, Albert J. (the Author) : — Alcohol 
and the Law. 

National Academy of Sciences, Wash- 
ington, U.S.A.: — Memoirs, vol. 2. 

National Association for the Promo- 
tion OF Social Science : — Transac- 
tions, Birmingham Meeting, 1884. 

National Fair-Trade League : — The 
Fair-Trade Position explained ; and 3 
other Pamphlets. 

National Society for Women's Suf- 
frage: — Men, Women, and Progress, 
by Emma H. Woodward ; Women Suf- 
frage, by Mrs. Ashton Dilke. 

Nevins, J. Birkbeck, M.D., M.R.C.S. (the 
Author) :^The Four-penny Silver Coin- 
age of Great Britain ("Joey's"); On 
three Books purporting to be the Book 
of Jasher. 

New South Wales, The Agent-Gene- 
ral FOR : — The Year Book of New 
South Wales, 1885. (2 copies.) 

New York Columbia College Library, 
U.S.A. : — Circular of Information, 1884. 

New York Mercantile Library ,U.S.A. : 
—Bulletin of New Books, Nos. 6-7. 

New Zealand, The Agent-General 
FOR : — The King Country, or Explora- 
tions in New Zealand, by J. H. Kerry- 
Nicholls ; Official Handbook of New 
Zealand, 2 vols. ; A Scramble over the 
Lake Mountains, by S. H. Morton ; 
The Sounds, Lakes, and Rivers of New 
Zealand. 

N ewcastle-upon-Tyne Society of Anti- 
quaries : — Proceedings, vol. 1. 

Newlands, John A. R., f.i.c, f.c.s. 
(the Author): — On the Discovery of 
the Periodic Law and on Relations 
among the Atomic Weights. 



14 



DONATION 8— Continued. 



NicOL, James (the Author) : — Vital, 
Social, and Economic Statistics of the 
City of Glasgow, 1881-1885. 
NicoLL, Donald (the Author): — Health 

and its Appliances. 
Norwegian Geodetic Commission : — 
Geodatische Arbeiten, Heft 4 ; Vand- 
standobservationer, Hefte 3. 
Norwegian Government : — Norwegian 
North- Atlantic Expedition, Parts 12-14. 
Nottingham Free Public Libraries : — 
Class List (No. 6) of Books in the 
Reference Library. 
Oxford : Bodleian Library Tper E. B. 
Nicholson, m.a., Librarian): — Catalo- 
gus librorum impressorum Bibliothecae 
Bodleianae in Academia Oxoniensi, 4 
vols.; Index to the first seven volumes 
of the Dodsworth MSS. 
Paris Municipal Council : — Proems 
verbaux, 1878-81 ; Rapports et docu- 
ments, 1878-81; Prefecture de la Seine: 
Rapports sur les halles et marches, 
1882-3, et Rapport sur le service des 
ali6nn6s, 1877 ; Ville de Paris : Cata- 
logue de la bibliothique municipale de 
lecture sur place. 
Patents, The Commissioners of : — 
Specifications of Patents; Abiidgments 
of Specifications ; Indexes ; Illustrated 
Journal of Patented Inventions; Offi- 
cial Journal of the Patent Office ; Re- 
ports of Patent Cases. 
Patents, The Commissioners of, Can- 
ada : — Canadian Patent Office Record. 
Peabody Institute, Baltimore, U.S.A. : 
— 18th Annual Report ; Catalogue of 
the Library, part 2 : D-G. 
Philadelphia Academy of Natural 
Sciences : — Proceedings, 1884, and 
1885, parts 1-2. 
Phillipson and Colder, Messrs. (the 
Publishers): — Chester Diocesan Calen- 
dar, 1885. 
Pitman, Isaac (the Publisher) : — The 

Phonetic Journal, vol. 43. 
Powell, G. Baden, m.a., m.p. (the 
Author):— Sugar Bounties: the Harm 
they do to England, &c. 
Power, The late Rev. F. A., Vicar of 
Bevington, Liverpool, Presented 
UNDER THE WiLL OF : — The Book of 
Texts of Ancient and Modern History, 
by the Rev. F. A. Power ; The Com- 
prehensive Atlas and Geography of the 
World, by W. G. Blackie ; Exposition 
of the Old and New Testaments, by 
Matthew Henry : Standard ed., 6 vols.; 
A Greek and English Lexicon to the 
New Testament, by John Parkhurst : 
New ed., by Hugh J. Rose; The Na- 
tional Encyclopaedia: Library eJ., i? 



vols.; The Works of William Robert- 
son, D.D., 12 vols.; together with 250 
other volumes. 
Prince, Aelian (the Author), per the 

Publisher : — Love's Moods : Poems. 
Prince, Kay (the Author), per the 
Publisher :— Spiritual Philosophy, or 
the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus. 
Prince, C. Leeson, m.r.c.s. (the 
Author) : — Observations upon the 
Topography and Climate of Crow- 
borough Hill, Sussex. 
Ragonet, E. L. (the Author) : — Revision 
of the British Species of Phycitidse 
and Galleridse. 
Reade, T. Mellard, C.E., F.G.s. (the 
Author) : — Denudation of the Two 
Americas ; The Mersey Tunnel, its 
Geological Aspects and Results ; The 
North Atlantic as a Geological Basin. 
Richmond Free Public Library ; — 

Catalogue, 1884. 
RiDOUT AND Son, Messrs. : — India: 
Census of the N.W. Provinces, 1872. 
3 vols. 
Rosa, Carl, Royal Court Theatre, 

Liverpool : — Playbills, &c., for 1885. 
Royal Astronomical Society : — 
Memoirs, vol. 48, part 2 ; Monthly 
Notices, vol. 45 and 46, part 1. 
Royal Colonial Institute: — Pro- 
ceedings, vol. 16. 
Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society, 

Falmouth : — Annual Report, 1884. 
RorAL Dublin Society: — Scientific Pro- 
ceedings, New Series, vol. 4, Nos. 5-6 ; 
Scientific Transactions, Series 2, vol. 3, 
Nos. 4-6. 
Royal Institute of British Archi- 
tects: — Journal of Proceedings, New 
Series, vol. 1 and 2, Nos. 1-5 ; Trans- 
actions, New Series, vol. 1 ; Kaleudar, 
1885-86. 
Royal Society of Canada : — Pro- 
ceedings and Transactions, vol. 2. 
Royal Society of London : — Philoso- 
phical Transactions, vol. 175, part 2. 
Royal Society of Victoria :— Trans- 
actions and Proceedings, vol. 21. 
St. Helens Free Public Library : — 

Supplementary Catalogue, 1883-4. 
Samuelson, James (the Author]^: — 
Address to the Parliamentary Electors 
of the proposed Kirkdale Division of 
Liverpool (4 copies;. 
Scottish Geographical Society ;- 
First Report, 1885 ; Scottish Geogra- 
phical Magazine, vol. 1, Nos. 1-3. 
Scull, G. D. (the Author) : — Dorothea 
Scott, otherwise Gotherson and Hogben, 
of Egerton H^vse, Kent, 1611-1680; 
The Evelyns in America, 1608-1805. 



15 



DONATIONS— Con<iwMcd. 



Sheffield Free Public Libraries : — 
Catalogue of the Highfield Branch 
Library. 

Smith, R. Bosworth (the Author): — 
The Reasons of a Layman and a Liberal 
for opposing Disestablishment. 

Smith, Rev. Canon W. S. (the Author): 
— The Development of Conscience. 

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 
U.S.A. : — Annual Report of the Board 
of Regents, 1883 ; Smithsonian Contri- 
butions to Knowledge, vols. 24-25 ; 
Second Annual Report of the Bureau 
of Ethnology, 1880-81, by J. W. 
Powell. 

Society for Psychical Research : — 
Proceedings, parts 7-8. 

Society of Antiquaries, London : — 
List of Fellows, 1885 ; Title-page and 
Index to vol. 9 of Proceedings. 

Society of Antiquaries of Scotland : 
— Proceedings, New Series, vol. 6. 

Somervell, Robert, b.a. (the Author): — 
The History of Government in England. 

SouTHPORT : Atkinson Free Library: — 
Index Catalogue. 

Splaine, Rev. James F., s.j. (the 
Author) : — AU is not Gold that Glitters : 
a few Words addressed to Working 
Men. 

.Spratt, Vice- Admiral T. A. B., c.b., 
F.R.S., &c. (the Author) :^Report on 
the Navigation of the River Mersey, 
1884 (3 copies). 

■Steel, Henry T., Chicago, U.S.A., 
(the Author) : — Index to the Engravings 
in the Eclectic Magazine, 1844-84. 

Stonehouse, James (the Author) : — Old 
Parkgate, with Map of River Dee (in 
MS.) 

Sunday Times, Editor of the : — The 
Sunday Times Prize Essays, by J. 
Mannin» and Howard Goldsmid. 

Sutton, Charles W., Librarian, Man- 
chester Free Public Libraries : — 
Hours after Business : a Collection of 
Miscellaneous Poems, by William 
Robinson, Liverpool, 1850 ; Letter to 
the Right Hon. William Pitt, in 
which the real Interests of Britain in 
the present Crisis are considered, by 
Jaspar Wilson ; Sermon on the Death 
of Mrs. Mary Braik, Nov. 23, 1818, by 
Owen Davies, Liverpool. 

Tate, John (the Author) : — At Home 
among the Atoms. 

Taylor, Rev. William, M., d.d., ll.d.. 
New York, U.S.A., (the Author) :— 
Contrary Winds, and other Sermons ; 
Daniel the Beloved ; David, King of 
Israel : his Life and its Lessons ; Elijah 
the Prophet ; The Gospel Miracles in 



their relation to Christ and Christ- 
ianity ; Jesus at the Well ; John Knox ; 
Limitations of Life, and other Sermons ; 
The Lost Found and the Wanderer 
Welcomed ; The Ministry of the Word ; 
Moses the Law-Giver ; Paul the Mission- 
ary ; Peter the Apostle. 

Thom, Adam, ll.d. (the Author) : — 
Emmanuel, both the Germ and the 
Outcome of the Scriptural Alphabets 
and the Metallic Image : a Pentaglot 
Miniature. 

Thomas, Hugh 0., m.r.c.s., Liverpool 
(the Author) : — Contributions to the 
Study of Medicine : the Collegian of 
1666 and the Collegians of 1885. 

Thompson, J. R., Liverpool (the 
Author) : — Grateful Reminiscences of 
God's gracious dealings in hearing and 
answering Prayer (6 copies). 

Thompson, S. E., Librarian, Swansea 
Public Library:— Boletin delaBibUo- 
theca-Museo-Balaguer, Nos. 1-4. 

Thompson, William P., Liverpool: — 
United States : Annual Reports of the 
Commissioner of Patents, 1870, vol. 3, 
and 1871, vol. 3. 

Toronto Public Library:— Catalogue of 
Books and Pamphlets presented to the 
Toronto Public Library by John Hallam. 

Treasury, The Lords Commissioners 
OF the : -Acts of the Lords' Auditors 
of Causes and Complaints, 1466-1495 ; 
Acts of the Lords of Council in Civil 
Causes, 1478-1495 ; Ancient Laws and 
Institutes of England ; Ancient Laws 
and Institutes of Wales, 2 vols. ; Regis- 
ter of the Privy Council of Scotland, 
1545-1592, 4 vols. ; State Papers of the 
Reign of Henry VIIL, 11 vols. ; to- 
gether with 25 other volumes. 

United States Government: — Astro- 
nomical and Meteorological Observa- 
tions made at the U.S. Naval Observa- 
tory, vols. 27-28 ; Results of Meteoro- 
logical Observations, 1882; Report of 
the Superintendent of the U.S. Naval 
Observatory, 1884 ; The Existing Laws 
of the United States ; Final Report of 
the Tenth Census of the United States, 
vols. 9-10, with accompanying maps ; 
Laws of the United States of a Local 
or Temporary Character, 2 vols. ; The 
Public Domain : its History, with 
Statistics ; Reports of the Commissioner 
of Agriculture, 1873-1884, 11 vols.; 
Report of the Commissioners of Educa- 
tion, 1882-3 ; Report of the Superinten- 
dent of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, 1883 ; United States Survey 
of the Territories, vol. 3, book 1 and 
vol. 8. 



16 



DONATIONS— Con<mM«<Z. 



Vacher, Fbancis, Birkexheab (the 
Author) : — Eeport on the Sanitary 
Condition of the Borough of Birken- 
head, 1S84.. 

Verity, Mrs! L. J. (per J. E. Eockwell\ 
Washington, U.S.A. : — A New System 
of Phonography, by J. S. Verity. 

Victoria, the Agent General for : — 
Handbook to the Colony of Victoria, 
by Henry H. Hayter, c.m.g. (2 copies). 

Victoria Public Library, Melbourne : 
— Victoria : Patents and Patentees, 
vols. 13-14. 

Wales, the Uni\t:esity College of : — 
Calendar, 1884-5. 

Walker, PiOBert (the Author) : — The 
Five Threes : 33,333 Miles by Land and 
Sea (3 copies). 

Wandsworth Public Library : — Cata- 
logue, 1885. 



Whitfield, M. W.,m.a. (the Author): — 
Durham. 

WiNCHELL, N. H., State Geologist, 
Minnesota: — The Geological and 
Natural History Survey of Minnesota : 
Reports 1-7, and 10-12. 5 vols. 

York Subscription Library: — Appen- 
dix to the General Catalogue, 1884. 

Young, George E. (the Author): — A 
Vindication of Debate ; Liverpool 
Cyclists' Pocket Guide, 1885. 

Young, Henry, Liverpool : — The 
Churchman's Creed : a few Remarks 
and Questions addressed to Church- 
goers. 

Zoological Society of London : — 
Transactions, vol. 11, part 10; Pro- 
ceedings, 1884, part 4, and 1885, parts 
1-3. 



FREE LECTURES. 



Lectures delivered from January to March, 1885. 

The Twentieth Winter Course, consisting of foity lectures as specified 
below, was delivered in the Rotunda Lecture Hall from January 5th 
to March 12th inclusive. 

Total Attendance : 52,950. Average: 1,315. 

Lecturers and Subjects : 

Abbott, J., b.a. The Chemical History of the Grape ; illustrated by 
Experiments. 

Alexander, A., Director of the Liverpool Gymnasium. Healthful 
Exercises ; illustrated by Members of the Liverpool Gjonnasium. 

Bennett, Willia^i. Dramatic Recitals from English and American 

Authors. 
Birchall, James. Footsteps of the Normans in Europe ; illustrated 

by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Brown, Rev. Hugh S. " Vox populi, vox Dei," and other Latin 
Proverbs. 



i 



17 

BuRBiDGE, Rev. John. Husbands and Wives. 

Carpenter, W. Lant, b.a., b.sc, f.c.s. Sunspots and their connection 
with Weather Changes ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Clegg, Charles E. Dramatic Readings from Tennyson, Longfellow, 

and Minor Authors. 
Crompton, Robert. Readings : Original and Selected. 

CuRZON, Frank. Our Faces, and How we came by them ; illustrated 
by Sketches on the Black Board. 

Davies, Edward, f.c.s., f.i.c. The Prevention and Extinction of 
Fire ; illustrated by Experiments. 

Dixon, Willmott, ll.b., of the Inner Temple, Ban-ister-at-Law. High 
Life in the Middle Ages : Glimpses of our Ancestors at Home. 

D YALL, Charles, Curator of the Walker Art Gallery. Great Painters : 
their Lives and Works ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Ellison, Colonel C. 0. A Trip to the Netherlands ; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

FoRMBY, James, and J. Flanagan. Readings and Recitals from 
Popular Authors. 

GoLDiNG, W. H. Through Canada with the Marquis of Lome ; illus- 
trated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Herdman, Dr. W. A., f.r.s.e., Professor of Natural History, Livei-pool 
University College. The Common Cockroach : its Structui-e and 
Mode of Life ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Hicks, Dr. J. Sibley, f.l.s., f.r.m.s. A Plant Parasite and its Family; 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Jones, Rev. W. Henry. Fairy Tales : their Origin and Meaning, with 
something about Fairy Music ; with Pianoforte Illustrations. 

Jude, W. H., Principal of the Liverpool Organ School. Musical 
Genius ; with Piano, Harmonium, and Vocal Illustrations. 

Lamart, a. E. Glimpses of Paris, Ancient and Modern ; illustrated 
by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 



Leslie, Feank J. Lancashire's Part in the Great Civil War ; illus- 
trated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Lodge, Dr. Oliver, Professor of Physics, Liverpool University College. 
Thunder and Lightning ; illustrated by Experiments. 

MacCunn, J., M.A., Professor of Philosophy and Political Economy, 
Livei-pool University College. The Efficiency of Labour: its 
Importance and Causes. 

Manston, Rev. A. C, b.a., Merton College, Oxford. Robert Browning. 

PiCTON, Sir J. A., j.p., f.s.a. Old Lancashire ; illustrated by the Oxy- 
hydrogen Light. 

Pope, Joseph J., m.r.c.s., Special Lecturer, National Health Society, 
London. Ourselves — Long Life to us ! Why not ? illustrated 
with Diagrams. 

Rathbone, p. H., j.p. Art Work for the Artizan ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Rendall, G. H., M.A., Camb., Principal of Liverpool University College. 
Cambridge University : its Rise and Work. 

Robinson, Dr. W. Clarke, m.a., b.sc, Lecturer in Modem Literature 
and Languages, Durham University. Lord Byron. 

Robert Bums. 

Thomas Moore. 

Russell, Edward R. William Wilberforce, Statesman and Philan- 
thropist. 

Somervell, Robert, b.a., Camb., Assistant Master, Liverpool College. 
How England got a Parliament ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light. 

Stewart, W. J., b.a., and H. A. Branscombe. Schumann: his Life 
and Music ; illustrated by Vocal and Instrumental Music. 

The Ballad ; with Musical Illustrations. 

Stubbs, Capt. Edward, r.n. Scenes in the Squadron for the Sup- 
pression of the Slave Trade; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light. 



19 

Tate, Dr. George, f.g.s., f.c.s. The Chemical and Physical Properties 
of Atmospheric Air ; illustrated by Experiments. 

Vandenhoff, Mrs. H. Keadings from the Poets. 

Williams, Rev. S. Fletcher. Sir Walter Raleigh. 

Lectures delivered during October and November, 1885. 

Two courses, of six lectures each, were delivered weekly in the 
Rotunda Lecture Hall, from October 5th to November 12th inclusive. 

Total Attendance at the two courses : 12,598. Average : 1,050. 

Lecturers and Subjects. 

Somervell, Robert, b.a., Camb., Assistant Master, Livei-pool College. 
The History of Government in England. 

Total Attendance : 5,810. Average: 968. 

Stewart, W. J., b.a. Our Colonies. 

Total Attendance : 6,788. Average : 1,131. 



20 



LENDING LIBK ARIES. 



Table I. — General Statistics : — 



Volumes lent 

New Tickets issued 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Total No. of readers on the books 
Books lost or injured, and paid for 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn . . 
Volumes worn out — replaced .... 

New volumes added 

Total No. of vols, in the Libraries 



North I South 
Library. 1 Library. 



193,835 

2,024 

2,365 

2,146 

4,362 

15 

6 

232 

872 

694 

23,267 



189,293 
2,129 
1,921 
2,146 
4,132 
25 



613 

610 

22,580 



383,128 

4,153 

4,286 

4,292 

8,494 

40 

6 

232 

1,485 

1,304 

45,847 



North South 

Library. Library. 



202,240 
2,313 
2,198 
2,240 
4,484 
21 

237 

838 

564 

20,805 



188,649 
2,247 
1,820 
2,213 
4,149 
29 

1,479 

371 

570 

21,970 



391,489 
4,560 
4,018 
4,453 
8,633 
50 

1,716 
1,209 
1,134 

44,775 



Table II. — Showing the Classification of Volumes Lent and Added :- 



Theology 

Natural Philosophj' 

Natural History 

Science and Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities .... 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce and Political Economy 
Education, Languages, and Logic 

Poetry and the Drama 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics 

Books for the Blind 

Total 



Volumes Lent. 



North 
Library. 



3,239 
2,892 
1,893 
8,769 
8,183 

898 
5,090 
11,027 

291 

646 

1,609 

1,016 

148,020 

192 
70 



South 
Librai7. 



193,835 



3,322 

2,600 

1,911 

7,285 

7,938 

1,006 

4,713 

10,920 

212 

536 

1,077 

1,539 

145,861 

181 

192 



189,293 



6,561 

5,492 

3,804 

16,054 

16,121 

1,904 

9,803 

21,947 

503 

1,182 

2,686 

2,555 

293,881 

373 

262 



Volumes Added. 



North 
Library. 



40 

9 

20 

38 

39 

4 

22 

120 

3 

7 

2 

7 

381 

2 



South 
Library. 



30 

11 

18 

41 

28 

7 

20 

130 

1 

8 

1 

7 

307 

1 



383,128 694 



610 



70 
20 
38 
79 
67 
11 
42 
250 

4 
15 

3 

14 

688 

2 

1 



1304 



H 



21 
MUSEUM. 



Circulating Museum Collections foe Schools and other 
Educational Purposes. 

This experiment, commenced by the Committee in the Spring of 
1884, has been continuously and successfully carried on. 

Eighteen Cabinets are now in circulation, and others are in course 
of preparation. The specimens suffer no damage, and teachers are 
glad to receive them as successfully serving the purpose for which 
they are lent, as most useful and attractive subjects for object lessons 
to their various classes. 

New Cases. 

A series of upper wall cases have been erected round the principal 
room for Mammalia for the better display of many of the larger 
ruminating animals, such as the rare Rocky Mountain Goats, expressly 
procured for the Museum by Mr. St. George Littledale, the Big-horn 
and Argali Sheep, Ibexes, Chamois, Deer, &c., to the great relief of the 
lower cases which were much overcrowded. 

Two central upright cases have been provided for the Marsupial 
animals, also previously overcrowded and inadequately displayed. 

The above increased accommodation has greatly facilitated the 
natural arrangement of the various orders concerned; but further 
relief is still desirable, the carnivorous animals especially requiring 
more space and fuller illustration. 

Two additional table cases have also been provided on the upper 
floor for minerals and fish. 

Bequest. 

In August last the Executors of the late Mr. Nicholas Cooke, of 
Gorsey Hey, Liscard, announced to the Committee that by a codicil of 
their father's will, dated the twentieth day of April, 1885, he had 
bequeathed to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of the City of 



22 

Liverpool the whole of his collections of British and Continental 
Lepidoptera, together with the two cabinets in which the bulk of 
them are contained, to be preserved in the Museum for the use of the 
public, especially as reference for Entomological Students. 

This important bequest has been received and deposited in one of 
the Class Rooms, and a special vote of thanks to the Executors was 
passed by the City Council in due course. 

Visitors. 
The Visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows : — 







1885. 
(214 Days.) 


1884. 
(217 Days.) 


Total Visitors in the year 




325,878 


370,744 


Weekly Average 




6,266 


7,129 


Daily Average 




1,522 


1,708 


Donations, 


&c. 







A rare Shell, Lyonsia aaxicola, from Vancouver's Island ; presented 
by Mr. Frank Archer. 

Two bivalve Shells, jEtheHa semilunata, from Tanni, above the 
Third Cataract of the Nile; collected and presented by Brigade- 
Surgeon S. Archer. 

A Collection of Echinoderms and Starfishes, in spii'it, presented, in 
exchange, by Prof. Alexander Agassiz, Museum of Zoology, Harvard 
University, comprising numerous specimens of the following species, 
viz.: Asterias Forhesii, Mass. Bay; Echinarachnius pai^rrui, Mass. Bay; 
Pentada frondosa, Maine ; Pentaceros retiaidatus, St. Thomas, W.I. ; 
Toxopneustes pileolus, Acapulco, Mexico; Astropecten bispinosus, 
Hong Kong ; Heliaster viicrobrachia, Chili ; Nidurellia armata, and 
Diademxi mexicanum, Acapulco. 

Twenty-one cut and polished sections of Geological and other 
Rocks, mounted on slides for microscopic examination ; prepared and 
presented by Mr. Henry C. Beasley. 

A specimen of Python, from Singapore ; presented by Mr. John 
Bradshaw, 



23 

Specimens of Bladdenvoi-t, Utidculafia vulgaHs, from Formby ; 
collected and presented by Mr. Brown, Liverpool Natui'alists' Field 
Club. 

Specimens of male, female, and two neuter Ants, Formica aliena, 
from the walls of Conway Castle ; collected and presented by Mr. 
Henry Burns. 

Four living King Crabs, Liviulus polyphemus, received in exchange 
from the New York Fishery Commission, per Mr. Eugene Blackford, 
Commissioner, in return for living specimens of the Common Sole, 
imported to New York from the Museum Aquaria, by R.M.S.S. 
Britannic, Capt. Hamilton Perry, per favour of Mr. W. S. Graves, of 
the White Star Line. 

A Maximilian's Maccaw ; presented by Mrs. Carpenter. 

A specimen of Carmine Suberite Sponge, Suberites Wilsoni, from 
Port Philip Heads, South Au.sti-alia; presented by Mr. J. Bracebridge 
Wilson, per Di-. H. J. Carter, f.r.s. 

Specimens of Sea Anemones, for Aquaria, from Black Rock near 
Cricceith, North Wales ; presented by Mr. Robert Craig. 

Two specimens of Lignite found on the Canal Bank, Livei-pool ; 
presented by Mr. Thomas Donald. 

A skull of a rare type of Flat-headed Indian from Bolivia; pre- 
sented by Mr. W. T. Duguid. 

The larvae of a Myrmeleon or Ant-Lion from Claremont, Neuchatel ; 
presented by Miss H. M. Eden, per Rev. H. H. Higgins. 

Two tubular Sponges from British Honduras ; presented by Capt. 
Frank, per Mr. Frank Ai'cher. 

Specimens of Pinna Shells, Flexible Corals, and Sponges, from 
Antigua ; collected and presented by the Hon. S. H. Gatty. 

Four small Boulder Stones from the filled up pre-glacial river bed of 
the Ancient Mersey, intersected by the River Mersey Tunnel, 1884; 
presented by Messrs. Gill and Archer. 



24 

Three Wasp's Nests found on the banks of the Basingstoke Canal, 
September, 1884 ; presented by Mr. W. Hall. 

A Seed Pod and Seeds from West Africa ; presented by Mr. J. G. C. 
Harrison. 

A collection of Cave Bones and Teeth from Tremeirchion, near St. 
Asaph, viz. : Specimens of Matrix containing Bones and Teeth of 
Hysena ; portions of Tusk and Bone of Mammoth ; Teeth and portions 
of Limb Bones and Atlas of Rhinoceros ; Teeth and portion of Limb 
Bones of Horse ; Teeth and portions of Limb Bones and Vertebrae of 
Bos ; Teeth, Acetabulum, portions of Tibia, Radius, and Base of large 
Antler of Cervus ; two Teeth of Cervus Hibernicus and portion of 
Metacarpal of Rein Deer ; collected and presented by Dr. H. Hicks, 
F.G.S., and Mr. E. Bouverie Luxmoore. 

The Skull and Bones of a Cart Horse; presented by Mr. W. C. 
Hodgkinson for the Osteological Collection. 

A Neptune's-Cup Sponge, Raphiophora patella, from the Indian 
Ocean ; presented by Dr. Austin Hughes. 

Eggs of the Edible or Green Turtle from the West Indies ; (laid on 
his premises,) presented by Mr. George Hulse. 

Nine Diagi-ams of Human Osteology and Physiology, printed on 
linen for lecture purposes by the Working Men's Educational Union ; 
presented by Mr. S. B. Jackson. 

Two large specimens of Python from the Soonderbunds of India ; 
presented by Mr. C. Jamrach, Jun. 

A specimen of Stigviaria Jicoides ; presented by Mr. Johnson. 

A Chick of Californian Quail bred at Lark Hill ; presented by Mr. 
H. Heywood Jones. 

A living young Alligator, Alligator Mississippiensis, from New 
Orleans ; presented by Miss Jones. 

Specimens of Embolite (Chloi'o-bromide of Silver); Stephanite 
(Flexible sulphide of Silver) ; Rhodochroite (Carbonate of Manganese) ; 
Pearly Dolomite ; Pink Dolomite ; and Fire Opal from Mexico ; pre- 
sented by Capt. Kiddle, per Mr. W. Imrie. 



25 

A Short-headed Baldpate Pigeon ; presented by Mr. Leach for the 
Osteological Collection. 

A Photograph of the Fynnon Beuno and Cae Gwyn Bone Caves at 
Tremeirchion, near St. Asaph ; presented by Mr. E. Bouverie Luxmoore. 

The Nest of a Ti'ee Ant from Cape Coast and specimens of the 
Ant ; collected and presented by Major C. B. Lyster, 2nd W.I. Regt. 

A remarkable Lepidopterous (?) Nest constructed among Fern Leaves, 
brought from Honduras by Capt. Frank ; presented by Mr. M. Mark. 

Fifty Rock Specimens for the Geological Collection ; presented by 
Mr. F. P. Marrat. 

Cast of the Skull of Loxominia, a Labyrinthodont Reptile from the 
Coal Measures, taken from the skull recently presented by hiin to the 
British Museum ; presented by Mr. George Maw, f.l.s. 

Specimens of thi-ee kinds of Nuts picked from a large number 
washed ashore on Diamond Island, at the mouth of the Irrawaddy, in 
January, 1882 ; presented by Mr. Frederick Meentz. 

A large and peculiar variety of Toilet Sponge and two smaller 
Sponges ; presented by Messrs. A. F. and H. Moore. 

A series of Locusts from Cyprus in the various stages of develop- 
ment from the eggs to the perfect insects, illustrating the life-history 
of the species which ravaged a large part of the Island in 1884 ; 
specially procured for presentation to the Museum by Dr. J. Birkbeck 
Nevins from Mr. S. Brown, Government Engineer, Cyprus. 

A small series of specimens of Invertebrates dredged by the 
Challenger and other Expeditions and preserved in spirits, with notes 
of depths and stations, viz. : — Phormosoma lilacenta ; fragments of 
Lophohelia prolifera ; Orhitolites complanata; Scalpellmn nympho- 
cola; Amphiura chiagii; Gorgonocepkalus ereenemis; Lceimogone 
violacea ; Umhellula gracilis ; Nyviphmi rohiistu'm ; presented by Mr. 
John Mun-ay, f.r.s., Director of the Challenger Office, Edinburgh. 

Specimens of Perch from Cheshi}-e for Aquaria ; presented by Mi*. 
George Newall. 



26 

A Puff Adder from Simon's Town, Cape of Good Hope ; presented 
by Lieut. Niblett, r.n. 

A Paradoxure fi'om Africa ; presented by Mr. J. Kirby Pilkington. 

A Common Lark, light variety, shot at Lewes, Sussex ; presented by 
Mr. Charles Potter. 

A Common Gull, Larihs canus, found on the shore at Hightown ; 
presented by Mr. M. Treleaven Reade. 

Specimens of Peacock Coal from Brinsop Hall Collieries, West 
Houghton, and specimens of Anthracite Coal and Gold-coloured L'on 
Pyrites ; presented by Mr. Thomas Rigby. 

Spidei' with egg sac containing young Spiders alive, genus Delena, 
from an African Ship in the King's Dock ; presented by Mr. Leonard 
Simpson. 

A large specimen of the King Prawn, Palcemon carcinus? from 
Madras ; presented by Dr. Spratley. 

The Skull of a Native of Murray Island, New Guinea ; presented by 
Mr. J. Duncan Stoward. 

A Collection of 160 Skins of Indian Birds from Mhow, with name, 
place, and date of capture noted ; presented by Lt.-Col. Swinhoe, F.z.s. 

Specimens of Roach and Russian Carp for Aquaria ; presented by 
Mr. Thomas Till. 

A living young Alligator, Alligator Mississijypiensis ; presented by 
Mr. C. H. Turnbull. 

A Collection of various species of " Tarantula " and other Trap-door 
Spiders {Mygalidce), their remarkable nests, and various illustrations 
of their life-history ; presented by Mr. Frederick Taylor, of Rainhill, 
specially obtained by him for the Museum from numerous correspon- 
dents at Mentone, Cannes, Bordeaux, Zante, Corsica, and California; 
together with a copy of Moggridge's book on the Trap-door Spiders to 
supply illustrative drawings ; also a specimen of the " Tarantula Killer " 
from California, a species of Wasp {Povipilus formosus), which pro- 
vides for its own progeny by stinging and paralyzing Trap-door spiders, 
burying them and leaving an egg with each to hatch out and feed upon 
the spider. 



27 

A specimen of Fibrous Rock Salt from Winsford ; presented by Mr. 
George Walker. 

Specimens of Alligator Teeth and Eggs, Tusks of Florida Hogs and 
four Sea Beans ; presented by Mr. H. K. Walton. 

A Collection of Marine Specimens, &c., collected on a voyage between 
Liverpool, Rio Janeiro, and Rangoon; presented by Captain W. H. 
Cawne Warren, Associate of the Literary and Philosophical Society, 
Liverpool. 

Two Ravens, two White Hares, &c., from Scotland ; presented by Mr. 
T West. 

A Bottle of Reptiles, &c., in spirit, from Axim and the neighbouring 
Coast of West Africa ; presented by Mr. R. B, N. Walker, Correspond- 
ing Member of the Literary and Philosophical Society, Liverpool. 

Exchange with Kew. 

A sheet of Tappa Cloth from the Sandwich Islands ; specimens of 
Gums and Resins; Nuts, Pods, Seeds, and Grain; Myrobalans and 
Wood; Dried Leaves, Flowers, Pith, Bark, and Fibres; chiefly from 
India ; and the Edible Nest of a Swallow ; being the portion consigned 
to the Free Public Museum of a series of specimens contributed from 
the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, per the Rev. H. H. Higgins, in 
exchange for the Forster Herbarium hitherto kept in the Library of 
the Liverpool Botanic Garden. 

Purchases. 

The purchases during the year have been as follows : — 

A Disarticulated Human Skull showing development of the teeth ; 
a small pair of Deer Horns from Para ; a white variety of the Hedge- 
hog, found at Oswestry ; a Brush-tailed Porcupine ; a Yellow-footed 
Rock Kangaroo; a Tasmanian Wallaby Kangaroo (Hcdmaturus 
Billardieri) ; a Wombat; a dried Skeleton of the Tasmanian Wolf 
iThylacinus) ; three Skulls of Dugongs — male, female, and young ; 
Skull of the Giant Salamander from Japan; and a Japanese Goat 
Antelope, with Skull and Skeleton. 



28 

A Snow Goose (Chen albatas) ; a Southern-Hill or American Brown 
Crane {G7'us pratensis) ; and a Concave -casqued Hornbill (Dichoceros 
bicomis). 

The Skeleton of a Rattlesnake (Crotalus) ; the Skeleton of a Port 
Jackson Shark {Cestracion) ; and a Horned Viper (Fi^jeiu nasicornis ). 

Twelve small glazed Hand Cases (and one case presented), contain- 
ing specimens, models, and drawings of the following British Insects 
injurious to Food, Crops, and Timber, prepared and mounted by Mr. 
S. L. Moseley (with printed notes by Miss Ormerod, of Huddersfield), 
as supplied to the Royal Gardens at Kew : — Turnip and Cabbage Gall 
Weevil, Turnip Fly or Flea Beetle, Bean Beetle, Vine Beetle, &;c.. Large 
Cabbage White Butterfly, Turnip Moth, Cabbage Moth, Goat Moth, 
Magpie Moth, Winter Moth, Celery Leaf Miner, Cabbage Aphis, and 
American Blight. 

Two hundred and thirteen selected specimens of British, European, 
and other foreign Lepidoptera ; a lare Butterfly, Orniilioptera 
D' Urvilliana, from New Zealand ; and a Longicom Beetle (Psalido- 
gnathus), brought from Ecuador by Mr. Buckley. 

The following purchases were selected by the Rev. H. H. Higgins at 
Weymouth, from the collections of Mr. Robert Damon : — 

Specimens of thirty species of Invertebrates in spirit, including 
examples of Acrocladia, Alcyoniuin, Euphyllia, Cidaris, Sipunculus 
Holothuria, Guoumaria, Ghitonellus, <fec. 

Specimens of ninety species of Shells, &c., including Conus princeps, 
Gyprcea leucostoma, Mitra halliata, Spondylus pictorum, Gorallium 
ruhrutn (very fine), Goronula diadema, &c. 

Specimens of twenty species of Corals, &c., including selected 
examples of Fungia, Mussa, Herpetolithes, Ainphihelia, Retep)ora, Dis- 
copora, Poecillopora, Merulina, Montipora, Euphyllia, Hydnophora, 
&c. 

Specimens of forty-five species of Fossils, including examples of 
Gerithiurti gigantewm, Grioceras, Scaphites, Spaniodon Blondellii, 
Ammonites armatus and section, ATnmonites Brookei, Glupea minima, 
Dapedius arm^atus, Gycas, &lc. 



29 

Forty Coloured Glass Models, by Blaschka, of Dresden, of Jelly 
Fishes, Portuguese Man-of-War, Sea Cucumbers, and other soft-bodied 
Marine Invertebrates, not otherwise to be exhibited so as adequately 
to display their delicacy of form and beauty of colour; purchased 
through the agency of Mr. Kobert Damon, per Rev. H. H. Higgins. 

Twenty-iive selected species of Shells, chiefly Marine, including 
Conus cedo-nidli, Conus pertusus, &c. ; also the entire series of twenty 
Varieties of the Shell Voliita musica, being the life-long collection 
made by the late Dr. Prevost, Conchologist, several of which are 
figured and named, including the variety polypleura described by 
Crosse and figured in the 'Journal de conchyliologie '; selected fi'om the 
Collection of Mr. G. B. Sowerby, at London, by the Rev. H. H. Higgins. 

A rare Shell, Hybocystis elephas, of De Morgan, and seventeen 
selected specimens of fifteen other species of Shells, from the Collection 
of Mr. G. B. Sowerby. 

Forty selected specimens of Shells from Japan, a group of Vermetus 
Shells, and an ornamental Wreath of small Shells from Bermuda. 

Two Tubular Sponges and nine small Sponges. 

A Slab of Lias Marble from Yeovil, crowded with specimens of 
Ammonites planicostata and A. Smithii; a Collection illustrating 
forty species of Polyzoa from the Coralline Crag of the Orford Castle 
district, Suflfolk, mounted with illustrative drawings of enlarged struc- 
ture after Busk ; the shelly Operculum of a large Gasteropod Shell cut 
in two and polished ; the natural mould of the crypt of a Lithodomus 
Shell in coral ; the humerus or arm-bone of a Pterodactyl from the 
Lower Oolite of Stonesfield, and an Am^monites ohtusios with unsym- 
metrical keel, from the Lias of Lyme Regis ; from the Collection of 
Mr. Edward Charlesworth. 

Specimens of Fossils and Minerals, including Ammonites Jlmbriatus 
and semicostatus, Belemnites with hooks and ink bag, Ancyloceras 
Calloviensis, Pholidophorus Bechei, Amm^onites with fine coloured 
nacre ; Labradorite and Meteoric Iron from Atacama and Esherville ; 
selected from the Collection of Mr. J. R. Gregory, at London, by the 
Rev. H. H. Higgins. 



30 

Select specimens of Quax'tz, Calcspar, Stalagmite, Baryta, Calamine, 
Gypsum, Native Sulphur, Stalactite, Agate, Meerschaum, Jade, Lode- 
stone, Sponge with Chalcedony, Thulite, and a group of Quartz 
Crystals ; from the Collection of Mr. Samuel Henson. 

Specimens of Titanite, Pink Dolomite, Cairngorm, and Tourmaline 
from Switzerland ; specimens of Iridescent Carbonate of Iron and 
Dolomite from Ulverstone. 

Small specimens of Pure Silver, Platinum, Quartz with Gold, and a 
specimen of Dendritic Manganese. 



MAYER MUSEUM, 



New Wall Cases for Pottery, 

During the past year the whole of the Upper Gallery of the Mayer 
Museum lias been fitted up with Wall Cases of superior construction 
for the better accommodation of the Collection of Pottery. The speci- 
mens are now being systematically arranged therein, and are much 
better displayed than was previously possible. 

Donations, 

Yoke, for pair of Oxen, and Sti'aw Coat, from the Province of Minho, 
North Portugal ; presented by Mr. R. D. Radcliffe. 

Facsimile in bronze of the Gold Medal given by the Eisteddfod, 
Liverpool, 1884 ; presented by Mr. J. Davies, c.c. 

Duke of Athole's Half-penny (1758), and McTurk's Manx Token 
(1830) ; presented by Mr. W. Kneale. 

Shield and Ham-stringing Knife, taken at the Battle of Tambu, 
6th May, 1885 ; presented by Mr. James Halligan. 

Marble Tablet, a draped female figure, with right arm raised, stand- 
ing under an arch ; on the back is a Greek Inscription. The marble is 
bored by Limnoria terebrans. Dredged on the fluke of an Anchor, 
at Pandermaha, Sea of Marmora, and presented by Captain John 
McNab, S.S. " Ligurian. ' 



31 

A complete set of Fourpenny Pieces ; presenter! by Dr. J. B. Nevins. 

A Collection of Ethnographical specimens ; Head-dresses of Bird of 
Paradise and Cassowary Feathers, Stone-headed Club and Stone Head 
of Club, Stone Tops, Pipe, Bamboo Knife, Armlets and Leglets, Tortoise- 
shell breast ornaments. Nose Sticks and Armlets of Shell, Spears, Bows 
and Arrows, &c., &c., from Murray Island and Fly River, New Guinea ; 
collected and pi-esented by Mr. J. Duncan Steward. 

A native Earthenware Lamp ; a Box and Lid and two native 
Clysters made from Gourds, ornamentally carved, from West Africa ; 
collected and presented by Mr. J. G. C. Harrison. 

Purchases. 
Livei-pool Jug, printed with Map of Ireland. 
Bronze Medal of Stephenson's Bridge at Newton. 
Khedive's Bronze Star. 

Series of six Japanese Enamels, illustrating the process of Enamelling. 
Small group of Roman and Saxon Antiquities, found at Faversham. 
Carved Ivory Medallion, profile portraits of Franklin, Washington, 
and Voltaire. 

Engraved circular brass plate, German (Nuremberg), 17th Century. 
Porcelain Cup, impressed " wedgwood." 

Adze, stone head and elaborately carved wooden handle. From 
Hervey Islands. 

Wedgwood Jug, buff-coloured ware ; red medallions round the body. 

Bristol Cream Jug and Cup and Saucer. 

Ten Electrotypes of Napoleon Medals. 

Horn Snuff-Box, mounted in gold, the lid set with six circular pieces 
of glass, on each are initials in Seed Pearls. 

Vase, Japanese Satsuma Ware. 
Pair of Chinese Crackle Vases. 

Plaque, flowers, shells, &c., in relief; Copeland's " Parian " Ware. 
Group of Fruit, cut and grouped by native Lapidaries of Siberia, 
and specimens of Siberian Minerals. 



32 

Rock Ciystal, cut in form of a Dodecahedron, with signs of the 
Zodiac, 

Two Panels, painted with groups of flowers, "Copeland and 
Garrett " ware. 

Modern Portuguese Majolica Dish. 

Photogi'aph of Australian Aborigines. 



WALKER ART GALLERY. 



The gallery has been open to the public on 267 days during the year, 
and closed on 46 days for cleaning and rearrangement of the Permanent 
Collection. 475,839 persons visited the Gallery during the year, being 
a daily average of 1,782. Of this number 71,519 paid for admission to 
the Autumn Exhibition of Pictures, and nearly 10,000 school children, 
whom the Committee specially invited to the Exhibition, are also 
included in the gross total of visitors. 

The recent extension of the Gallery having obviated the necessity of 
the disturbance of the Collection for the Autumn Exhibition, the 
Curator has been able to make a more definite and systematic arrange- 
ment of the works of Art, and the importance of the Collection, both 
numerically and artistically, has thus been brought into fuller 
prominence. 

The building has been used on several occasions during the year for 
Soirees, Lectures, and Exhibitions. 

On Saturday, October 3rd, His Worship the Mayor held a reception 
for the Working Classes, when 10,000 Artizans and their wives and 
daughters were present to inspect the Autumn Exhibition and the 
Library and Museum. On this occasion His Worship presented to the 
Gallery, on behalf of the Corporation, a bust, executed by T. Stirling 
Lee, of Mr. Alderman E. Samuelson, the first Chairman of the Art 
Department, in recognition of his services during fifteen years. 



33 

The use of the Gallery was granted to the Incorporated Law Society 
for the purpose of a Conversazione of its Members on Wednesday, 
October 14th, when a large number of strangers and citizens were 
present. 

The Spring Exhibition of the Liverpool Society of Painters in Water 
Colours was held in the Gallery during May and June. 

A Course of Lectures on Greek Art was given in the Gallery in 
October by Miss Jane E. Harrison, of Newnham College, Cambridge, 
which was highly appreciated by those who availed themselves of the 
privilege of attending. 

As will be seen by the following figures the Autumn Exhibition has 
fully maintained its popularity and success, the Attendance and Sales 
of Pictures, notwithstanding the great depression in trade, showing 
most satisfactory results. 

Autumn Exhibition of Pictures. 







1885. 


1884. 


Number of Pictures and other 
of Art Exhibited . . 


Works 


1,462 




2,280 




Number of Pictures Sold 




196 




291 




Amount realised by Sales 






£8,028 8 6 




£12,313 7 6 


Season Tickets 




2,952 


501 7 6 


3,464 


649 7 6 


Admission at One Shilling 




26,3-49 


1,317 9 


39,332 


1.966 12 


Ditto Sixpence . . 




14,658 


366 9 


21,401 


535 6 


Ditto Threepence 




27,560 


344 10 


41,577 


519 14 3 


Catalogues Sold 






481 7 9 




599 13 3 


Commission on Sales 






353 17 




432 6 3 


Miscellaneous Receipts . . 






44 1 10 




87 7 5 


Amount Received, Exclusive of Sales. . 




3,011 3 3 




4,315 5 6 



The following tabulated statement will be read with interest ; — 



34 





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35 

Additions to the Permanent Collection. 



Purchases (Oil Paintings). 

" The Dancing Bear," by W. F. Witherington, R.A. 

"The Eve of the Battle of Edge Hill," by Charles Landseer, R.A. 

" When the Children are Asleep," by Thomas Faed, R.A. (from the 
Liverpool Autumn Exhibition). 

" Don't ee tipty-toe," by John Morgan (from the Liverpool Autumn 
Exhibition). 

"A Parting," by Mrs. Marianne Stokes (from the Liverpool Autumn 
Exhibition). 

" Wintry March," by W. L. Picknell (from the Liverpool Autumn 
Exhibition). 

" Grey Venice," by C. Napier Hemy (from the Liverpool Autumn 
Exhibition). 

" The Old Poacher," by Miss Ellen Clacy (from the Liverpool Autumn 
Exhibition). 

" Landscape and Cattle," by Charles Towne. 

" The Doubtful Coin " (water colour), by H. B. "Roberts. 

A Series of Six Water Colour Drawings, "Reminiscences of the 
Vyrnwy Valley," by Peter Ghent (from the Liverpool Autumn Exhibi- 
tion). 

Proof Engraving (with key) of the Members of the Royal Academy 
under the Presidency of Sir Benjamin West. 

Etching of " The Harbour of Refuge," by R. W. Macbeth, A.R.A. 

A Series of Autotype Copies of Pictures in the National Gallery, 
Dresden, &c. 

Donations. 

Marble Bust of Alderman E. Samuelson, by T. Stirling Lee, presented 
on behalf of the Corporation by His Worship the Mayor (David 
Radcliffe, Esq.). 



36 

Plaster Bust of the late Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, by T. J. 
Williamson, presented by the Sculptor. 

Marble Bust of che Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, by A. Bruce Joy, 
presented by Samuel Stitt, Esq., J. P. 

"Hie jacet : the waste and lumber of the shore" (oil), by Charles 
Robertson, R.W.S., presented by the Artist. 

" The Burning of the Liverpool Landing Stage, 1874 " (oil), by 
Thomas Huson, R.i., presented by the Rev. J. Miles Moss. 

" The Keep of Beeston Castle " (water colour), by A. B. Bamford, 
presented by the Artist. 

The following Pictures have been bequeathed by the late John Bate, 
Esq. :— 

" The Village Politicians," by James Campbell. 
" The King's Shilling," do. 

" An Old Fiddler," do. 

Landscape, " Old Mill and Pool," by Wm. Davis. 
" A Smoking Party," attributed to Hogarth. 



Signed on behalf of the Committee, 

J. A. PICTON, Kt., 



Chairman. 



a) 

15 JUL 1898 






m 



1 




THIRTY-FOURTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 




• OF THE COMMITTEE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



MUSEUM, 



WALKER ART GALLERY, 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 






LIVERPOOL: 
A. RUSSELL, SON & BAYLEY, PRINTERS, 30, MOORFIELDS. 

1 887. 




THIRTY-FOURTH 
ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE COMMITTEE 

OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 

AND 

WALKER ART GALLERY, 

OF THE 

CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 





LIVERPOOL ; 
A. Russell, Son & Batlet, Printers, 30, Moorfields. 

1887. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 

FOR THE YEARS 1886-87. 



Committee : 

SiE JAMES ALLANSON PICTON, f.s.a.. Chairman. 

Alderman EDWAKD SAMUELSON, Defutt-Ceuirman. 

JAMES POOLE, Mayor. 



WILLIAM BABTLETT, 

ANTHONY BOWEE, 

Lieut. -Col. A. H. BROWN, m.p., 

ANDREW COMMINS, ll.d., m.p., 

JOHN DAVIES, 

GEORGE C. DOBELL, 

THOMAS B. HALL, 



ROBERT HAMILTON, 
Rev. H. H. HIGGINS. ma. 
THOMAS HOLDER. 
ROBERT D. HOLT, 
WILLIAM J. LUNT, 
ISAAC MORRIS, 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE, 



AiDKBMAN Sir a. B. WALKER. Bart. 



Chief librarian: 

PETER CO WELL. 

<SMb-^it)rarian : 

THOMAS FORMBY. 

Curator of the Jttusctxm : 

THOMAS J. MOORE. 

Conchologist, Mineralogist, S:c. : 

F. P. MARRAT. 

Curator of the SEalkcr ^rt ©ailerg 

CHARLES DYALL. 



REPORT. 



In issuing their Thirty-fourth Annual Report, the Committee have for 
the first time to put on record somewhat of a check, if not a retrograde 
movement in the history of the institution. 

Up to the present period every year has witnessed an extension of 
usefulness in some department, and during the year just passed a new 
Eeading Room, being the fifth, has been opened at Low Hill with con- 
siderable success, and the Museum of Casts, alluded to in the last report, 
has been completed and located in a large room in the lower story of the 
Walker Art Gallery. The beautiful Mediaeval and Renaissance work 
here brought to light and exhibited presents great attraction, and promises 
to be of great use in the promotion of taste amongst those of the indus- 
trial classes who are engaged in works where decorative forms are capable 
of being introduced. 

The other portions of the institution fully maintain their position, and, 
as will be seen from the statistics which follow, are appreciated and made 
use of by the public, who in some departments are still pressing for in- 
creased accommodation. 

Circumstances, however, have recently occurred which threaten seri- 
ously to affect in future the progress and development of the various 
branches, if not to require the abandonment of some. 

The institution has been hitherto maintained by a rate of a penny in 
the pound, supplemented by occasional grants from the surplus fund of 
the City. As no surplus at present exists, no aid from that quarter can 
be looked for, whilst in consequence of an alteration in the mode of col- 
lection, the income from the rate is likely to diminish rather than increase. 

During the past year the expenditure was i613,458, whilst the income 
from the rate only amounted to aG12,602 14s. 8d., leaving a deficiency of 
£856. It was evident, therefore, that some steps had to be taken, either 
to diminish the expenditure — which really means to cripple the usefulness 
of the institution — or to find some method of increasing the income. 

Following in the steps of Birmingham, Nottingham, and other towns, 
the Committee proposed to the Council to introduce into a local Bill now 
pending in Parliament, power to increase the rate when the Council 
should deem it necessary to l^d. in the pound. When this proposition 



was laid before the Council the power was cut down to IJd., and when 
subsequently under the Borough Funds Act, the Bill was remitted to a 
Ratepayers' Meeting, the clause was struck out altogether. 

The only alternative, therefore, is to reduce the expenditure, which 
might be done either by striking oif some branches which might not be 
considered essential, or by cutting down the expenditure all round. 

Suggestions were made to abandon the Lending Libraries, to close the 
Reading Rooms, or to give up the Lectures, but the Committee, after 
serious and anxious consideration, are unwilling to curtail the usefulness, 
and restrict the operations which have been so successful until compelled 
by absolute necessity to do so. They have, therefore, determined to perse- 
vere for the present, at least, in maintaining every branch in its integrity. 
They cannot of course exceed the amount allotted by vote of the Council, 
and the experience of the coming year will determine their course in the 
future. 

The standing expenses of maintenance, salaries, lighting, cleaning, 
rates and taxes, &c., cannot be reduced. Unfortunately any reduction 
has to come oif that portion of the expenditure which is the life-blood of 
the institution, viz., the purchase of books in the Libraries and of speci- 
mens in the Museums. For this the Committee are not responsible. 
Their duty is to expend the income placed in their hands in the best 
manner for the furtherance of the great educational objects entrusted to 
them, and this they will endeavour to do to the utmost of their power. 

A collateral subject has also to be reported. Mention was made in the 
last report of the decease of Mr. Joseph Mayer, the founder and donor of 
the Museum of historical art, which bears his name. It was always his 
intention to have completed his magnificent gift by bequeathing the 
remainder of his collections to the City, but circumstances arose which 
prevented this being carried out. 

It was the desire of his executors that the collections in their hands 
should be transferred to the City for a sum moderate in proportion to 
their value. This was estimated at £10,000, but by eliminating such 
portions as did not necessarily appertain to a museum, the amount was 
reduced to about ^6,000, and the terms of payment made so easy that an 
annual outlay of £300 would suffice to purchase the entire. A proposition 
was laid before the Council to remit the subject to the Finance Committee, 



with a view to ascertain the practicability of carrying out this object. 
This was negatived by the Council, much to the regret of all lovers of 
historic art. 

The general operations during the year call for no special remarks. 
The statistics will show the extent of the usefulness of the institution. 
It may be remarked that this usefulness is fully recognised by all those 
who are familar with the work carried on, and particularly by those who 
benefit from the educational facilities presented. 

It will be seen from the pubHc journals that all over the kingdom the 
people seem to have awakened to a sense of the necessity for promoting 
education, and encouraging it by the establishment of Public Libraries, 
Museums, and Lectures. In many towns the Jubilee of our Queen is 
thus to be celebrated as the noblest monument which could be raised to 
her honour. Liverpool stands alone in taking the opposite course, our 
Jubilee Year will be marked in our annals hy a retrograde movement and 
a refusal to take advantage of an emergency which can never occur again. 

Signed on behalf of the Committee, 

J. A. PICTON, Kt., 

Chairman. 
KEFERENCE LIBRARY. 



Table I. — Showing the Books issued during the year : — 

Daily 
Classification. " ' 

Theology, Morals, &c. 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, «&c. ... 

Natural History ... ... ... ... 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels ... 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 

Magazines in Volumes, &c.) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 

Education and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 
Encyclopasdias, and Works of General Reference ... 
Patents for Inventions ... 

Total 675,335 2,507 

The various Quarterly, Monthly, and Weekly Magazines and Reviews are 
placed at the discretionary use of the readers. No exact statistics are taken of 
their issue, but they are computed at not less than 300,000. 



Volumes. 


Average. 


22,246 


83 


20,082 


74 


7,450 


27 


31,986 


119 


27,845 


103 


8,252 


30 


11,938 


44 


202,138 


751 


7,182 


26 


4,376 


16 


8,274 


31 


14,075 


52 


267,715 


995 


3,830 


14 


20,846 


78 


17,100 


64 



Table II. — Showing the number and classification of 
during the year : — 



Theology, Morals, &c. 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c. ... 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 
History and Biography ... 
Topography and Antiquities 
Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 
Magazines, &c.) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics ... 

Commerce, Political Economy, «&c 

Education and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction ... ... ... ... 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 

Heraldry, Encyclopaedias, and Works of Reference ... 

Total 

Eeanch Evening Reading Rooms 



Stanley Road Board School 

Queen's Road Board School 

Chatsworth Street Board School 

Wellington Road School 

Low Hill School (opened 1st Nov., 1886) 

Total 84,384 315 

These Rooms are open from 6 to 9-30 p.m. for the reading of newspapers and 
periodicals. 

The following is the List of Magazines and Periodicals taken in the 
Reference Library : — 



;ion of works added 


Volumes 


Total Number in 


added. 


the Library. 


129 


6,849 


53 


2,123 


117 


4,867 


238 


10,339 


223 


11,390 


171 


4,673 


76 


4,828 


738 


20,680 


192 


7,310 


49 


1,202 


30 


1,452 


78 


3,701 


13 


5,556 


11 


782 


124 


2,919 


2,242 


88,671 


MS. 


Average 


Attendance. 


per night. 


24,048 


80 


18,430 


61 


23,253 


77 


16,456 


54 


2,197 


43 



Quarterly. 

Annales des sciences naturelles 

Archseologia Cambrensis 

Archseological Journal 

British and Foreign Evangelical Review 

Calcutta Review 

Church Quarterly Review 

Dublin Review 

Edinburgh Review 

Geninen, Y 

Grevillea 

Ibis 

Journal de conchyliologie 

Journal fiir Omithologie 

Journal of Anatomy 

Journal of the British Archaeological 

Association 
Joiunal of the Royal Agricultural 

Society 
Journal of the Society of Antiquaries 



Q tJ AETERLY — Continued. 

Journal of the Statistical Society 

Liverpool University Magazine 

London Quarterly Review 

Manchester Quai'terly 

Mind 

Navy List 

Numismatic Chronicle 

Quarterly Journal of the Geological 

Society 
Quarterly Journal of Microscopical 

Science 
Quarterly Review 
Revue celtique 
Stray Feathers 
Sunday Review 
Traethodydd 
Westminster Review 
Zeitschrift fiir deutsche Philologie 
Zeitsclu-ift fiir Ethnologic 



Monthly. 

All the Year Round 

American Naturalist 

Annalen der Physik und Chemie 

Beiblatter zu den Annalen 

der Physik 
Annales de chimie et de physique 
Annals and Magazine of Natural 

History. 
Antiquary 
Argosy 
Army List 
Art Journal 
Association News 
Atlantic Monthly 
Band of Hope Review 
Banker's Magazine 
Belgravia 

Bibhotheque universelle 
Birmingham, &c. Hardware Circular 
Blackwood's Magazine 
Book Lore 
Botanical Magazine 
British Temperance Advocate 
Building World 
Cambridge Examiner 
Cassell's Magazine 
Century 

Chambers's Journal 
China Review 
Church Missionary Gleaner 
Church Missionary Intelligencer 
Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 
Clergjrman's Magazine 
Congregational Magazine 
Congregationalist 
Contemporary Review 
Comhill Magazine 
Daheim 
Day of Days 
Dietetic Reformer 
Draughtsman's Sketch Book 
Ecclesiastical Observer 
Educational Times 
English Illustrated Magazine 
Englishwoman's Review 
Expositor 

Financial Reformer 
Fireside 
Food 

Fortnightly Review 
Fiirniture Gazette 
Gazette des beaux-arts 
Gartenlaube, Die 
Gentleman's Magazine 
Geological Magazine 
Gloucestershire Notes and Queries 
Good Health 



Monthly — conHavued. 

Good Words 

Hand and Heart 

Harper's Magazine 

Herald of Health 

Home Words 

Homoeopathic World 

Indian Antiquary 

Insurance Times 

Investor's Monthly Manual 

Journal of the Chemical Society 

Journal of Science 

Journal of Speculative Philosophy 

Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 

Journal of the Vigilance Association 

Knowledge 

Leisure Hour 

Library Chronicle 

Library Journal 

Liebig's Annalen der Chemie 

Liverpool Diocesan Gazette 

Livre, Le 

London, &c. Philosophical Magazine 

London Society 

Longman's Magazine 

Machinery Market 

MacmOlan's Magazine 

Magazine of Art 

Methodist Chronicle 

Mineralogical Magazine 

Miscellanea genealogica 

Moniteur des architectes 

Month 

Musical Times 

National Anti- Vaccination Reporter 

National Review 

Nautical Magazine 

New Church Magazine 

Nineteenth Century 

North American Review 

Observatory 

Palatine Note-Book 

Petermann's Mitteilungen 

Pitman's Musical Monthly 

Portfolio 

Present Truth 

Printer's Register 

Printing Times and Lithographer 

Provincial Medical Journal 

Quiver 

Railway Guide, Bradshaw's 

Revue arch^ologique 

Revue britannique 

Revue chr^tienne 

Royal Astronomical Society's Monthly 
Notices 

Royal Geographical Society's Journal 



I 



Monthly — continued. 

Sanitary Record 

Science Gossip 

Shipping World 

Shorthand Magazine 

South American Journal 

Sunday at Home 

Sunday Magazine 

Temple Bar 

Theatre 

Tinsley's Magazine 

Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 

Truthseeker 

United Service Magaziae 

Unsere Zeit 

Walford's Antiquarian 

Wesleyan Methodist Magazine 

Western Antiquary 

Women's Sufii-age Jomnaal 

Yachting Magazine 

Zoologist 

Zoophilist 

Fortnightly. 

Interm^diaire, L' 
Revue des deux mondes 

Weekly. 

Academy 

American Settler 

Amateur Photographer 

Anglo-American Times 

Architect 

Athenfeum 

Brewers' Guardian 

British Architect 

British and Colonial Printer and 

Stationer 
Broad Arrow and Naval and Military 

Gazette 
Builder 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 
Building News 
Chemical News 

Cambridge University Reporter 
Church of England Temperance 

Chronicle 
Chronique des arts 
Civilian 

Colonies and India 
Comptes rendus 

Dingler's Polytechnisches Journal 
Economist 
Electrical Review 



Weekly — cont inued. 

Electrician 
Engineer 
Engineering 
English Mechanic 
Era 

Fair Play 
Field 

Fireside News 
Fun 

Gazette des architectes 
Gardeners' Chronicle 
Graphic 
Grocer 

Illustrated London News 
Invention 
Iron 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 
Jewish Chronicle 
Journal of GasUghting 
Journal of Horticulture 
Journal of the Society of Arts 
Judy 
Lancet 

Land and Water 
Law Times 
Light 

Liverpool Review 
Local Government Chronicle 
London Gazette 
Medium 
Mining Journal 
Money 
Moonshine 
Nature 

Notes and Queries 
Oxford University Gazette 
Pharmaceutical Journal 
Pictorial World 
Porcupine 
PubUc Opinion 
Punch 

Railway Journal 
Railway Review 
Sale and Exchange 
Sanitary World 
Satiu-day Review 
Scientific American 
Signs of the Times 
Spectator 

Temperance Record 
Tit-Bits 
Truth 

Volunteer Service Gazette 
Vanity Fan- 
Weekly Notes 
World 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, &c., have been presented 
regularly by the Publishers : — 

Journal of the Statistical Society 

Journal of the Vigilance Association 

Leeds Times 

Light 

Liverpool Albion (daily and weekly) 

Livei-pool and Beetle Evening Times 

Liverpool Catholic Times 

Liverpool Courier (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Echo 

Liverpool Express 

Liverpool Halfpenny Weekly 

Liverpool Journal of Commerce 

Liverpool Mercury (daily and weekly 

Liverpool Porcupine 

Liverpool Post (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Review 

Liverpool University Magazine 

Liverpudlian 

Machinery Market 

Medium 

Methodist Chronicle 

Mona's Herald 

Money 

Naval and Military Gazette 

New Church Magazine 

Oddfellows' Magazine 

Oxford Chronicle 

Pitman's Musical Monthly 

Present Truth 

Preston Herald 

Provincial Medical Journal 

Railway Review 

Rhyl Journal 

Richmond and Twickenham Times 

Sale and Exchange 

Sanitary World 

Shipping World 

Signs of the Times 

Sloan 'sDuploy an Phonographic Journal 

South American Journal 

Sunday Review 

Temperance Record 

Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 

Western Daily Press 

Woman's Suffrage Journal 

Worcestershire Herald 

Zoophilist 



Amateur Photographer 

Association News 

American Settler 

Anglo-American Times 

Birmingham and Sheffield Hardware 
Circular 

Bootle Times 

Brewers' Guardian 

British and Colonial Printer and 
Stationer 

British Temperance Advocate 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 

Building World 

Cambridge Examiner 

Cape Argus 

Church of England Temperance 
Chronicle 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

Clergyman's Magazine 

Colonies 

Congi'egationalist 

Day of Days 

Dietetic Reformer 

Draughtsman's Sketch Book 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Electrical Review 

Englishwoman's Review 

Fair Play 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Fireside News 

Food 

Good Health 

Hand and Heart 

Herald of Health 

Home Words 

Homoeopathic World 

Insurance Times 

Invention 

Irish Times 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 

Jewish World 

Journal of Speculative Philosophy 

Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 



The following is a list of the Newspapers provided for use in the 
Newsroom : — 



Baner ac Amserau Cymru 
Belfast News- Letter 
Birmingham DaUy Gazette 
Birmingham Daily Post 



Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald 
Freeman's Journal (2 copies) 
Glasgow Herald 
Iiish Times 



10 



Leeds Mercury 
Liverpool Daily Albion 
Liverpool Courier (6 copies) 
Liverpool Daily Post (6 copies) 
Liverpool Journal of Commerce 
Liverpool Mercury (6 copies) 
London Daily News (2 copies) 
London Morning Post 
London Standard (2 copies) 



London Telegraph (2 copies) 
London Times (2 copies) 
Manchester Courier 
Manchester Guardian 
New York Herald 
Pall Mall Gazette 
Scotsman 

Western Daily Press 
Yorkshire Post 



Donations. 



The following Donations have been received during the year : — 



Abel axd Imray, Messrs. (the Authors) :— 
Patents, Designs, and Trade Marks, 
British and Foreign. 

Aberdeen Public Librakt : — Catalogue of 
the Lending Department. 

Albany, U.S.A., Young Men's Associa- 
tion : — 53rd Annual Report. 

Anderson's College, Glasgow : — Calendar, 
1886-7. 

Angus and Co., Liverpool :— Photograph 
of Prince's Buildings, Dale Street, Liver- 
pool, as illuminated on the occasion of 
H.M. the Queen's visit. 

ANONniousLY :— The Narrow Way, by E. 
T. Oldfield (2 copies) ; The Revelation of 
Jesus by John, by F. B. Hooper (2 vols) ; 
The Two Roads and the Two Destinies (2 
copies). 

Armstrong, Thomas :— Te Deum a. trois 
choeurs, par Hector Berlioz. 

Atkins, William, Liverpool : — Photo- 
graphic Portrait of the late Rev. Patrick 
White. 

Author, The :— The Yarn of the Patient 
Manchester Man, by Frank Fairshot 
(pseud). 

Barrow-in-Furness Free Pubuc Lib- 
rary;— Catalogue of Juvenile Lending 
Department. 

Beesley, Edward S. (the Author) :— Home 
Life. 

Belfast Linen-hall Library :— Catalogue 
of Earlv Belfast Printed Books. 

Beloe, Charles H., Liverpool :— Annual 
Report of the Operations of the United 
States' Life-saving Service, 1885. 

Birkenhead Free Public Llbrary :— Cata- 
talogue of the Lending Department : 
Supplement, 1882-5 ; Catalogue of Books 
for the Young, 1882-5. 

Birkenhead Literary and Scientific 
Society : — Report, 1885-6. 

Birmingham Free Libraries :— Reference 
Library Catalogue, D-E. 

Birmingham Philosophical Society : — 
Proceedings, v. 5, pt. 1. 

Board of Trade, The : — Reports of In- 
quiries under the Merchant Shipping Acts 
and Boiler Explosions Act. 



Bodleian Library, Oxford : — List of Do- 
nations to the Bodleian Library in 1885. 

BoDLEY, G. F., A.R.A., AND T. Garner (the 
Authors): — Report accompanying the 
Desig-n for the New Cathedral, Liverpool, 
1885. 

Booth, Chables (the Author) : — Occupar 
tions of the People in England, Scotland, 
and Ireland, 1841-81. 

Boston Public Library : — Bulletins. 

BouLT, Joseph : — The Boundaries formerly 
in Dispute between Great Britain and the 
United States, by Sir F. Hincks. 

BowDOiN College, Brunswick, Maine, 
U.S.A. :— Catalogue of the Bowdoin 
College Art Collections, pt. 1. 

Bowes, Robert (the Author) : — Biographi- 
cal Notes on the University Printers from 
the Commencement of Printing in Cam- 
bridge to the Present Time. 

Bramley-Moore, Rev. W., m.a.: — Ordnance 
Survey Maps of Liverpool ; with Miscel- 
laneous Maps and Views. 

Briscoe, J. Potter, Librarian, Nottingham 
Free Libraries : — Sir William Stanley's 
Garland. 

British Association for the Ak van cement 
of Science : — Transactions, Montreal 
Meeting; Canadian Economics; and 
Aberdeen Meeting, 1885. 

British Home Rule Association : — P's and 
Q's for the General Election, by A. R. 
Whiteway ; Mr. Gladstone's Irish Bill, by 
Sidney Buxton ; Ireland and Home Rule, 
by Rt. Hon. Joseph Cowen, m.p. ; and 
other Pamphlets. 

British Museum Trustees : — Catalogue of 
Books placed in the Galleries in the Read- 
ing Room of the British Museum ; Cata- 
logue of Fossil Mammalia, pts. 2-3 ; 
Catalogue of Greek Coins : Crete and 
Aegean Islands ; Catalogue of Indian 
Coins : Greek and Scythic Bangs Bactria 
and India; Catalogue of Japanese and 
Chinese Paintings, by WUliam Anderson ; 
Catalogue of the Printed Books, 38 vols. ; 
Catalogue of the Birds, vol. 11 ; Catalogue 
of the Blastoidea, by Robert Etheridge, 
junr., and P. H. Carpenter; Catalogue of 



11 



DONATIONS. - Cwjimwrf. 



the Palseozoic Plants; Catalogue of the 
Lizards, 2nd ed. , v. 2 ; Catalogue of the 
Printed Maps, Plans, and Charts, 2 vols. ; 
Guide to the Exhibition Galleries, 1886 ; 
Guide to the Exhibition Galleries of the 
Department of Geology and Palaeontology, 
4th ed. ; Guide to the Nimroud Central 
Saloon ; Guide to the Mausoleum Room ; 
Guide to the Sculptures of the Parthenon ; 
Illustrations of Typical Specimens of 
Lepidoptera Heterocera, pt. 6 ; Introduc- 
tion to a Catalogue of Early Italian Prints, 
by Richard Fisher ; An Introduction to 
the Study of Meteorites ; Subject Index of 
Modern Books added 1880-85, by C. K. 
Fortescue. 

Bbooks, James (the Author) : — Report on 
Design for Liverpool Cathedral. 

Brtjshtield, T. N. (the Author) : — The 
Bibliography of Sir Walter Ralegh ; The 
Bishopric of Exeter, 1419-20; Sir W. 
Ralegh : a Plea for a Surname. 

Btbne, p., Liverpool Agent for Ontario. 
— Ontario as a Home for the British 
Tenant Farmer ; Pictorial Ontario ; Re- 
port on the necessity of Preserving and 
Replanting Forests. 

Caine, T. H. Hall (the Author): — Dowden's 
Life of Shelley. 

Cambrian Society of South Wales : — 
Transactions, 1885. 

Carnegie, Andrew (the Author) : — Trium- 
phant Democracy ; or, Fifty Tears' March 
of the Republic. 

Carver, Thomas G., m.a. (the Author) : — 
The Faculty of Judgment : an Address. 

Cassell & Co. : — Facsimile of Shakespeare's 
Will from the Original. 

Castkllain, Alfred, j.p. : — Royal Agri- 
cultural Society of England : Journal, 
2nd series, vol. 21 part 2, and 22 part 1 ; 
and General Index to Journal, 2nd series, 
vols. 11-20. 

Chalmers, Patrick (the Author) :^Sub- 
mission of the Sir Roland HiU Committee. 

Church Missionary Society : — Proceedings, 
1885-6. 

Cinctnnati Chamber of Commerce :— 27th 
Annual Report. 

Cincinnati Public Library, U.S.A. : — 
Bulletin of Books, 1885 ; Public Education 
in Cincinnati, No. 1. 

CuvB, Prof. W. B., London : — London 
University Examinations : Intermediate 
Mathematics; B. A Mathematics. 1881-86; 
Intermediate Arts Guide (2 copies of 
each). 

CoBDEN Club :— Free Trade v. Fair Trade, 
by Sir T. H. Farrer, Bart. ; The National 
Income and Taxation, by the Rt. Hon. 
Sir Louis Malet (6 copies) ; The Old Poor 
Law and the New Socialism, by F. C. 
Montague (6 copies) ; Political Writings 



of Richard Cobden (12 copies) ; Principles 
of Political Economy, by Yves Guyot. 
with various Leaflets. 

Collins, Louis : — The Advertiser's Guar- 
dian. 

CoMMiNS, Andrew, ll.d., m.p. (the 
AuthorJ :— Orangeism, what is it and 
what will you do with it ? (2 copies) 

Cope Brothers & Co., Liverpool :— 
Cope's Tobacco Leaves for the Smoking 
Room, part 1. 

Cornell University, Ithaca, U.S.A. : — 
Bulletin (Science), vol. 2. 

CusT, Robert N. (the Author) : — The 
Opium Question ; or, is India to be Sacri- 
ficed to China ? 

Dawson, Sib J. William, c.m.g., Mon- 
treal, Canada (the Author) : — On the 
Mezozoic Floras of the Rocky Mountain 
Region of Canada. 

Dickinson, J. N., Whitehaven: — A Glos- 
sary of the Words and Phrases of Cum- 
berland, by William Dickinson. 

Donaldson, James, Liverpool (the 
Author) : — Drawing and Rough Sketch- 
ing for Marine Engineers, 3rd edition ; 
Rough Working Drawing for First Class 
Engineers (2 copies). 

Downing, William (the Author): — Free 
Public Libraries from a Bookseller's Point 
of View. 

Dresser, Frederick, Liverpool :— Report 
on the Administration of British Burmah, 
1884-85. 

Dublin University : — Dublin University 
Calendar, 1886, and Examination Papers, 
1885. 

Durham University :— Calendar, 1886. 

Edmonds, Mrs. E. M. (the Translator) : — 
Greek Lays. 

Edwards, Frederick W. (the Author) : — 
Voluntary Education : its Advantages, 
DiflBculties, and Needs of Reform (3 
copies). 

Ellis, John W., l.b.c.p. (the Author): — 
Coleoptera of the Liverpool District, 
parts 7-10 ; The Lepidopterous Fauna of 
Lancashire and Cheshire, part 2. 

Emerson, William, f.r.i.b.a. (the Author) : 
—Report on the Design for the proposed 
Liverpool Cathedral. 

Financial Reforji Association, Liver- 
pool : — Financial Reform Almanack, 
1887. 

Eraser Institute, Montreal : — 7th Re- 
port, 1885. 

Garrick, Sir James, Executive Commis- 
sioner FOR Queensland: — Indian and 
Colonial Exhibition, 188G : Catalogue of 
the Exhibits in the Queensland Court ; 
Queensland : its Resources and Instito- 
tioas, edited by Price Fletcher. 



12 



DONATIONS.— ConiiMMed. 



GoNBAREFF, D. (the Author) : — La social- 

isme h notre epoque (2 copies). 
Geeig, T. Watson (the Author) : — Ladies' 

Old-Fashioned Shoes. 
Grey, Henry (the Author) : — A Pocket 
Encyclopssdia of Useful Knowledge on a 
Thousand Subjects. 
Griffiths, William (the Author) : — 

Trusses of Wood and Iron, vol. 1. 
Gut, Francis (the Compiler) : — Directory 

of Munster, 1886. 
Hardingham, George G. (the Translator) : 

— The Eepublic of Cicero. 
Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass., 
U.S.A. : — Bulletins, Memoirs, and 
Annual Keport, 1886, of the Museum of 
Comparative Zoology. 
Hazell, Watson, and Viney : — Annual 

Cyclopaedia, 1886. 
Hebbert, Alderman James, Preston (the 
Author) : — A New Tract for the Times : 
Beflections on Politics, Sociology, and 
Beligion. 
HiGGiNS, Charles H., m.d., Birkenhead 
(the Author) : — Who Wrote the Plays 
Ascribed to Shakspere ? 
Historic Society of Lancashire and 

Cheshire : — Transactions, vol. 35. 
Holmes, A. Bromley (the Author) : — The 
Electric Light Popularly Explained, 4th 
ed. ; Practical Electric Lighting, 3rd ed. 
Hoolding, John : — Photograph and Tickets 
ill connection with Boyal Visit, May 
1886. 
Howarth, E., K.B.A.S. (the Author) : — 

Meteorology of Sheffield, 1885. 
India, Eight Hon. the Secretary ok 
State for : — Sacred Books of the East, 
vols. 26-28. 
Institdtion of Civil Engineers :— Minutes 
of Proceedings, vols. 83-86 ; Brief Subject 
Index to vols. 59-86. 
Institution of Mechanical Engineers : 
—Proceedings, 1885, No. 5 ; and 1886, 
part 1. 
Ireland, Alexander (the Author) :— The 
Best Books : a List for the Guidance of 
General Readers. 
Jacobs & Co., Liverpool : — Jacobs' Budget 
containing Portraits and Biographies of 
Thirty Eminent Statesmen, &c. 
Jeffs, Osmund W. (the Author) : — Scien- 
tific Papers. 
Jones, Miss E. Lloyd (the Authoress) :— 

Satan's Guile and Satans Wiles. 
Jones, Rev. J. I. (the Author) : — Bapt- 
ism by Sprinkling. 
Jordan & Co., Liverpool : — The Story of 

a Great Delusion, by William White. 
Josephs, Miss Fanny, Prince of Wales 
Theatre, Liverpool : — Play Bills, etc. , 
1886. 
King, John (the Author), pee James Bain, 
LiBRAEiAN, Public Library, Toronto : 
—The Other Side of the " Story." 



Lach-Szyema, Bev. W. S. (the Author): 
— Alerial, or a Voyage to other Worlds, 
2nd ed. ; Pleas for the Faith. 

Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological 
Society : — Annual Beport. 

Lancashire, General Finance Com- 
mittee : — Abstract of the Accounts of the 
County Treasurers, and other Public 
Officers of the County Palatine of Lan- 
caster, 1819-1884, by James Bushton. 

Land Nationalisation Society : — Beport, 
1885-6 ; with other Pamphlets. 

Lange, Paul, Liverpool : — Two Photo- 
graphs of the Woodside Steamer " Claugh- 
ton," as prepared for Her Majesty the 
Queen's Visit to Liverpool. 

Leamington Spa Free Public Library : 
Beference and Lending Library Catalogue. 

Lennaed, Henry B. (the Translator), per 
G. B. Lennard, Bootle : — The Alcestis 
of Euripides ; with Preface, Explanatory 
Notes, etc. 

Liberal Unionist Association : — The Case 
for the Union explained and set forth by 
Lord Hartington, Mr. John Bright, Mr. 
Goschen, Mr. Chamberlain, and others. 

Library Reports from the following 
Libraries : — Aberdeen ; Aston, Manor 
of; Baltimore, U.S.A. (Peabody Insti- 
tute) ; Barrow-in-Furness ; Birkenhead ; 
Birmingham Free Libraries ; Birmingham 
Library ; Blackpool ; Bolton ; Boston, 
U.S.A.; Bradford; Bridgeport, U.S.A.; 
Brooklyn, N.Y. ; Burlington, U.S.A. 
(Fletcher) ; Cambridge ; Cambridge Uni- 
versity Library ; Cheltenham ; Chester ; 
Chicago, U.S.A. ; Clitheroe ; Columbia 
College, N.Y. ; Copenhagen Royal Library; 
Coventry ; Derby ; Devon and Exeter 
Armorial Museum and Library ; Don- 
ca.ster ; Dublin ; Dudley ; Dundee ; Ealing ; 
Gerraantown Friends ; Glasgow Mitchell 
Library; Harvard University, U.S.A.; 
Kidderminster ; Leamington Spa ; Leeds ; 
Manchester ; Middlesbrough ; New York 
Astor Library ; New York Macmonides 
Library ; New York Mercantile ; New- 
castle-upon-Tyne; Newton, Mass., U.S.A.; 
Northwich (Brunner) ; Norwich ; Phila- 
delphia Mercantile ; Plymouth ; Ports- 
mouth ; Preston ; Richmond ; Eochdale ; 
Runcorn ; St. Helens ; St. Margaret and 
St. John the Evangelist, Westminster ; 
St. Louis Mercantile Library ; St. Louis 
Public Library ; Salford ; San Francisco 
Mercantile Library ; Smethwick ; South 
Australia, Adelaide ; South Shields ; 
Southport ; Stafford ; Stirling's and [Glas- 
gow Library ; Stockport ; Stoke-upon- 
Trent ; Swansea ; Tonbridge ; Toronto ; 
Twickenham : Walsall ; Wandsworth ; 
Watertown, Mass., U.S.A. ; Wednes- 
bury ; West Bromwich ; Wigan ; Wolver- 
hampton; Worcester, Mass., U.S.A. 



13 



DONATIONS.— CWiOTwed. 



LavERPOOL Amateub Photographic As- 
sociation : — Annual Report. 

Liverpool Ahchitectdhal Society : — 
Proceedings, 38th Session, Annual Meet- 
ing. 

Liverpool Art Club: — Report, 1885 and 
1886. 

Liverpool Astronomical Society : — 
Journal, vol. 5, parts 1-3. 

Liverpool Council of Education : — 
Tenth, Eleventh, and Twelfth Annual 
Keporls. 

Liverpool Engineering Society : — ^Cata- 
logue of the Library. 

Liverpool Geological Association : — 
Transactions, vol. 5. 

LrvBRPOOL Geological Soceett : — Proceed- 
ings, 1885-86. 

Liverpool Infant Orphan Asylum : — 
Reports 1860-86. 

Livbrpool Institutions :— Reports have 
been received from the following: — 
Catholic Reformatory Association; Church 
of England Scripture Readers' Society ; 
Clerks' Association ; Liverpool Institute ; 
Mersey Mission to Seamen ; Royal Na- 
tional Life-Boat Institution (Liverpool 
and New Brighton Branch) ; Savings' 
Bank ; Seamen's Friend Society ; School 
of Science; School Ship "Conway"; 
Science Students' Association ; Shipwreck 
and Humane Society; Society for Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children ; Training 
Ship " Indefatigable " ; Young Women's 
Christian Association ; " The Home," 
Everton. 

Liverpool International ExmBmoN or 
Navigation, &c. : — Catalogues, Pro- 
grammes, Circulars, &c. ; Visitors' Illus- 
trated Guide to Liverpool. 

LrvERPOOL Literary and Philosophical 
Society :— Proceedings, vol. 40. 

Liverpool (Lyceum) Library Committee : 
— Lyceum v. Liverpool Library. House 
of Lords Appeal. Printed Documents ; 
Annual Supplementary Catalogue, 1886. 

Liverpool Medical Institution : — Liver- 
pool Medico-Chirurgical Journal, Nos. 10 
and 11. 

Liverpool Mercantile Marine Service 
Association : — Reporter, vol. 10. 

Liverpool Naturalists' Field Club : — 

Proceedings, 1885-6. 
Liverpool Polytechnic Society : — Jour- 
nal. 
Liverpool Reform Club (per George 
Pkick, Secretary) : — Drawing of Illumi- 
nations and Decorations upon the Liver- 
pool Reform Club on the occasion of the 
visit of Her Majesty the Queen. 
Liverpool School Board : — Proceedings, 

1884-5, 
LrvEBPOOL Univeksity Coixeqe : — Calen- 
dar, 1886-1887 (2 copies). 



Liverpool Welsh National Society : — 
Transactions, 1885-86. 

London, The Corporation of the City 
OF : — A Descriptive Account of the Guild- 
hall of the City of London. 

LovELL, John (the Author) Liverpool : — 
Free Trade Facts and Fair Trade Falla- 
cies ; The Great Trial : Fair Trade v. 
Free Trade ; Municipal Government in 
Liverpool. 

Lowndes, Frederick W., m.r.c.s. (the 
Author), Liverpool : — Prostitution and 
Venereal Diseases in Liverpool ; Burial 
Reform and the Disposal of the Dead in 
and around Liverpool. 

Ludlow, W., Liverpool: — Adelphi Hotel 
Guide to Liverpool, 1886. 

Lundie, Rev. R. H., m.a. : — Life: a Sermon 
after the Death of Alexander Balfour (3 
copies). 

McGovERN, Joseph H. (the Author) : — 
Buy your own House and save your Rent ; 
An Irish Sept, being a History of the 
McGovern or Macgauran clan. 

MAcKiY, Eric (the Author) .- — Vox Cla- 
mantis. 

McMillan, Robert, Liverpool (the Au- 
thor) : — Workmen and Museums, being 
selections from a series of Letters contri- 
buted to the Liverpool Mercury. 

Manchester Geological Society : — Trans- 
actions, vol. 18, parts 14-16. 

Manchester Statistical Society : — Trans- 
actions, 1885-86. 

Marrat, F. p., Liverpool : — British Birds' 
Eggs and Nests popularly described; 
Discours sur les revolutions de la surface 
dn globe ; Le monde de la mer, par A 
Moquin-Tandon (Alfred Fredol) 2me ed. ; 
Proceedings ot the British Naturalists 
Society, N.S. vol. 1 ; The Marvels of 
Nature in Earth, in Sky and Sea ; The 
Note Book of a Naturalist, by B. P. 
Thompson. 

May, William, Free Libraby, Birken- 
head : — The Printing of Library Cata- 
logues, by William May ; Sacred Poetry 
by Mary A. Browne. 

Meteorological Department, London : — 
Observations of the International Polar 
Expedition, 1882-83 : Fort Rae. 

Milwaukee Public Museum, U.S.A.: 

Fourth Annual Report, 1886. 

Morris, J. S. C. (the Publisher) :— The 
Business Directory of London, 1886, 

MuLLiNS, J. D., Birmingham Free Libra- 
ries :— A Companion to the Liverpool 
Museum, 4th ed., Liverpool, 1805 ; to- 
gether with 7 other local publications ; 
Can Juvenile Vagrancy be Prevented, by 
William Watson, Liverpool, 1850. 

MusPRATT, E. K. (the Author) :— Society 
of Chemical Industry : Address of the 



14 



DONATIONS. —Co«<Jnt«ed. 



President at the 5th Annual Meeting, 
Liverpool, 1886. 

Indian and Colonial Exhibition, Natal 
Court (per the Secretary) : — Natal Court, 
India and Colonial Exhibition : OiBcial 
Handbook and Catalogue ; Natal Contri- 
butions. 

National Academy op Sciences, Wash- 
ington, U.S.A. :^Memoirs, vol. 1 and 
3, part 1 ; Proceedings, vol. 1, part 2 ; 
Eeports, 1883-4. 

National Association fob Promotion of 
Social Science : — Conference on Tem- 
perance Legislation, 1886. 

National Footpath Peeservation So- 
ciety : — Annual Report, 1884-85. 

Nevins, J. BiRKBECK, M.D. (the Author) : — 
On Recent Locust Plagues in Cyprus and 
in North America. 

New York Mercantile Libraey : — Bullet- 
ins. 

New York Maimonides Library : — Bul- 
letins. 

Norwegian Government: — Norwegian 
North-Atlantic Expedition, part 15. 

Owens College, Manchester, The Coun- 
cil of : — Studies from the Biological La- 
boratories at Owens College. 

Paris. Bibliotheque nationale : — Rap- 
port sur les collections du departement des 
imprimes, par Leopold Delisle. 

Paris Municipal Council : — Conseil muni- 
cipal de Paris : proces verbaux, 1882-83 ; 
Rapports et documents, 1882-3; Budget 
de r exercice, 1879. 

Patents, The Commissioners of : — Speci- 
fications of Patents ; Abridgments of 
Specifications ; Indexes ; Illustrated Jour- 
nal of Patented Inventions ; Official Jour- 
nal of the Patent Office ; Reports of Patent 
Cases. 

Perry and Co. (the Publishers) : — Manu- 
facturers' and Merchants' Directory, 
1886. 

Perry, Rev. S. J., s.j., f.r.s. (the Au- 
thor) Stonyhurst College : — Stonyhurst 
College Observatory : Results of Meteoro- 
logical and Magnetical Observations, 1885; 
Preliminary Results of a Comparison of 
certain Simultaneous Fluctuations of the 
Declination at Kew and at Stonyhurst, 
1883-84, by Rev. S. J. Perry, F r.s., and 
Balfour Stewart, ll.d. 

Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sci- 
ences : — Proceedings. 

Philadelphia Mercantile Library : — 
Bulletin, vol. 1, Nos. 14-16. 

Phillips, James (the Author), Liverpool: — 
Fairyland (2 copies). 

PiERSON, John S. , of New York, per E. 
B. Nicholson, Bodley's Librarian, Ox- 
ford : — Army Life in a Black Regiment, 
by Col. T. W. Higginson ; History of the 



Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, by J. R. 
Sypher ; Life of Jefferson Davies, by T. 
H. Altriend ; Report of the Debates and 
Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the 
Conference Convention, 1861, by L. E. 
Chittenden. 

PiNNiNGTON, G. (the Author), Chester : — 
The Distance of the Moon, the Planets, and 
the Sua deduced theoretically. 

Pitman, Isaac, Bath : — The Phonetic Jour- 
nal, vol. 44. 

POPOFP, Co-sstantine (the Translator) ; 
What I believe, by Leon Tolstoi (2 copies), ij 

Powis, Rt. Hon. the Earl of : — Old Her- 
bert Papers (Collections relating to Mont- 
gomeryshire, vol. 20). 

Provincial Newspaper Society : — The 
Provincial Newspaper Society, 1836-1886 : 
a Jubilee Retrospect. 

Putnam, Charles E. (the Author) : — Ele- 
phant Pipes and Inscribed Tablets in the 
Museum of the Academy of Natural Sci- 
ence, Davenport, Iowa, U.S.A. 

Queen's College, Birmingham: — Calendar, 
1886-87. 

Queen's College, London : — Calendar, 
1886-87. 

Radcliffe, Sir David (Mayor of Liver- 
pool) : —Visit to Liverpool of Her Majesty 
the Queen, 11th— 13th May, 1886, 
on the occasion of the Opening of the 
Liverpool International Exhibition of 
Navigation, &c. : Royal Route, Wednes- 
day, 12th May ; Illustrated Handbook of 
Victoria (3 copies). 

Rankine, R. , Liverpool : —Monthly Maga- 
zine of the Independent Order of Odd- 
fellows : Manchester Unity, vols. 15-16. 

Rosa, Carl, Royal Court Theatre, Liver- 
pool :— Playbills, &c., 1886. 

Royal Astronomical Society :— Monthly 
Notices. 

Royal Colonial iNSTiruTE : — Proceedings, 
vol. 17 ; Catalogue of the Library, 1886. 

Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society : — 
Annual Report, 1885. 

Royal Dublin Society : — Scientific Pro- 
ceedings, vol. 4, pts. 7-9, and vol. 5, pts. 
1-2; Scientific Transactions, vol. 2 (ser. 
2). Nos. 7-10. 

Royal Institute of British Architects : — 
Proceedings, vol. 2, Nos. 6-19, and vol. 3, 
Nos. 1-4 ; Transactions, vol. 2. 

Royal Society of Lo.vdon : —Philosophical 
Transactions, vol. 174, part 3, 175, 176, 
and 177, part 1. 

Baker, Mrs. Edward, Alexandra Thea- 
tre, Liverpool: — Playbills, &c., 1886. 

Samcelson, Alderman Edward, j.p. : — 
Abridgment of the History of England, 
by Oliver Goldsmith ; An Apology for the 
Bible, by Bp Watson ; Diliau Barddas, sef If" 
Gwaith Barddonawl, gan Robert Davies. 



15 



DONATIONS.— Cowimwed. 



Scientific Pubushing Co. :— Bevis's Build- 
ers' and Contractors' Price Book, 1880. 

SORATCHXEY, Arthor, m.a. (the Author): — 
A Practical Treatise on Friendly Societies. 

Seamen, The Eegistrar-Genbral of : — 
Lists of the Names, &c. of Seamen whose 
Deaths have been reported to the Registrar- 
General. 

Shorthouse E. (the Author): — A Present to 
Boys, Youth, and Young Men (3 copies). 

SEiSMOLOGiCAi SociETT OF Japan : — Trans- 
actions. 

Simpson, Leonard: — A Compendious and 
Impartial Account of the Election at Liver- 
pool, Nov. 1806. 

Sloan, J. M. : — Sloan-Duployan Phono- 
graphic Journal, vol. 1. 

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 
U.S.A. : — Annual Report of the Board of 
Regents, 1884; 3rd Annual Report of the 
Bureau of Ethnology, bv J. W. Powell, 
IBS 1-82. 

Smyth, Prop. C. Piazzi, fr.s.e. : — Why do 
we not adopt the French Metrical System, 
by Christoplier Giles ; New Measures of 
the Great Pyramid, by C. Piazzi Smyth. 

SociETr OF Antiquaries, London :— Pro- 
ceedings, 2nd ser., vol. 10, No. 3. 

SociETr OF Antiquaries ok Scotland : — 
Proceedings vol. 19. 

Society of Engineers : — Transactions, 
1885 ; Rules, Bye-Laws, and List of Mem- 
bers, 1886. 

Spears, Rev. R. :— The Complete Works of 
William Ellery Channing, d.d. , Lon., 
1884. 

Spratt, Vice- Admiral T. A. B., c.b , 
P.K.S , &c. (the Author): — Report on the 
Present State of the Navigation of the 
River Mersey, 1885 (3 copies) ; Autobio- 
graphy of the Rev. Devereux Spratt ; Re- 
marks on a New Torso of a Youthful 
Dionysos. 

StnroN, Charles W., Manchester Free 
Libraries: — Catalogue of Willan's British 
and Foreign Public Library, Liverpool. 

SwAiNSON, Rev. Dr. : — History of Lever- 
pool, by William Enfield (additionally 
Illustrated). 

Swallow, Rev. Henry J. (the Author), 
Sunderland : — The Battle of Nevill's 
Cross. 

Taylor, Rev. William M., d.d., l.l.d. 
(the Author), New York, U.S.A. :— 
Joseph the Prime Minister. 
, Thompson, W. Phillips, c.e. (the Author) : 
— Handbook of Patent Law of all Count- 
ries, 7th ed. 
I Tbinity College, London : — Calendar, 
1886-7. 

United States Government : — Astronomi- 
cal and Meteorological Observations made 



at the U.S. Naval Observatory, 1882; 
Circulars of Information, 1885, Nos. 3-4; 
Report of the Commissioner of Education, 
1883-84 ; Report of the Superintendent of 
the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1884; 
Reports of the 10th Census, vol. 11, 13, 
14, 16, 20; Special Report of the Bureau 
of Education : Educational Exhibits, &c., 
at the World's Centennial Exposition, 
New Orleans, 1884-85. 

United States Consul in Liverpool :— 
U.S. Consular Reports, Nos. 66-69, and 71. 

Vacher, Francis (the Author) :— When 
Infectiousness begins and when it ends in 
Scarlatina, &c. ; Report on the Sanitary 
Condition of Birkenhead, 1885. 

Vivisection, Society for the Abolition 
OP : Cerebral-Localization and Brain Sur- 
gery. 

Wales, University College of, Abee- 
ystwyth : — t-alendars, 1885-6, and 1886- 
87. 

Wales, North, University College, Ban- 
gor : — Calendar, 1885-6. 

Warrington Museum and Library : — 
Catalogue of the Lending Department, 
1886. 

Waters, A. T. H., m.d. (the Author). 
Liverpool :— On Diseases of the Chest 
The Anatomy of the Human Lung ; Re- 
searches on the Nature, Pathology, and 
Treatment of Emphysema of the Lungs. 

Watford Public Library : — Handbook, 
Catalogue, and Report, 1886. 

Watt, Capt. Henry F. (the Author) : — 
The State of the Navy : Unarmoured 
Ships. 

Whitehead, Messrs., Manchester (per J. 
H. Nodal) :— Play Bills of Liverpool 
Theatre Royal, June-Oct. , 1795 ; Liver- 
pool Theatrical Investigator (several nos.) 

WiGAN Free Public Library : — Reference 
Department Catalogue, Letter A ; Wigan 
Bibliography. 

Wise, Thomas A., m.d., f.r.s.c. (the Au- 
thor) :— History of Paganism in Caledonia. 

York Subscription Library : — Appendix 
to the General Alphabetical Catalogue, 
1885. 

Young, George E. (the Editor) :— The Li- 
verpool Cyclists' Guide and Club Directory, 
1886. 

Young, Henry : — Selections from the Old 
Testament ; Sermons and Tracts by W. E. 
Channing. 

Zoological Society of London : — Trans- 
actions, vol. 11, part 11, and vol. 12, parts 
1-3 ; Proceedings, 1885, part 4, and 1886, 
parts 1-3. 



16 
FREE LECTURES. 



Lectubes delivered from January to March, 1886. 
The Twenty-first Winter Course consisting of forty lectures as specified 
below, was delivered in the Rotunda Lecture Hall from January 4th to 
March 11th inclusive. 

Total Attendance : 52,382. Average: 1309. 

Lecturers and Subjects : 

Abbott, Joseph, b.a. The Chemical History of Bones ; illustrated by 
Experiments. 

Alexander, A., Director, Liverpool Gymnasium. Physical Training for 
Children ; illustrated by Pupils of the Liverpool Gymnasium Boys' 
Classes. 

Benas, Baron L., j.p. A Visit to Egypt and the Holy Land ; with 
Photographic Illustrations. 

BiRCHALL, James. The Northmen and the British Isles ; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. (2 Lectures). 

Burbidge, Rev. John. Vulgar Errors. 

Carpenter, W. Lant, b.a., b.sc. Temperature and Life in the Depths 
of the Sea ; illustrated by Diagrams and the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Clegg, Charles E. Elocution ; with Practical Illustrations from various 
Authors. 

CoGAN, J. D. Pottery and Porcelain ; historically and practically Illus- 
trated. 

CoNWAV, W. M., M.A., Roscoe Professor of Art, University College, 
Liverpool. The Tombs of Ancient Egypt ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

The Temples of Ancient Egypt ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 

Light. 



17 

CoRTiE, Eev. a. L., S.J., Stonyhurst College Observatory. The 
Spectrum of Sun- Spots ; illustrated by the Oxy hydrogen Light. 

CoWELL, Peter, f.r.h.s., Chief Librarian, Liverpool Free Public Li- 
braries. Books and Readers ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogeu Light. 

CuRZON, Frank. Rags and Bones ; or, Humanity and its Clothing ; 
with Blackboard Illustrations. 

Davies, Edward, f.c.s., f.i.c. The Production of Fire; illustrated by 
Experiments. 

Dkon, Willmott, ll.b., of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law. Eng- 
land under Three Queens : Elizabeth, A.nue, Victoria. 

Dyall, Charles, Curator, Walker Art Gallery. Popular Pictures; 
illustrated by Examples from the Corporation Collection shown by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Edwards, Frederick W. The Industrial Training of Artizans ; illus- 
trated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Ellison, Colonel C. 0. Belgium and the Rhine ; illustrated with 
Views shown by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Green, Robert F. American Humour ; illustrated from the Writings 
of Oliver Wendell Holmes. 

Herdman, Dr. W. A., f.r.s.e., f.l.s., Professor of Natural History, 
University College, Liverpool. The Surface Life and the Phos- 
phorescence of the Ocean ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Johnson, Richard C, f.r.a.s. The Earth's Place in the Universe; 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

JuDE, William H., Principal, Liverpool Organ School. Musical Celeb- 
rities ; with Piano, Harmonium, and Vocal Illustrations. 

Leslie, Frank J. The Liverpool International Exhibition and what 
there will be to see in it ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Lodge, Dr. Oliver, Professor of Physics, University College, Liverpool. 
Fuel and Smoke ; illustrated by experiments. 



18 

MacCunn, John, m.a., Professor of Philosophy and Political Economy, 
University College, Liverpool. The Education of an English 
Citizen. 

Mackay, J. M., M.A., Professor of History, University College, Liverpool. 
Democracy and History. 

MuiR, J. A. Illustrative Readings from English and American Authors. 

Rathbone, p. H., j.p. The Dress of various Ages and Countries, and 
its effects on Art, Health, and Morals ; illustrated by the Oxyhy- 
drogen Light. 

Kendall, G. H., m.a.. Principal University College, Liverpool. Greek 
Fairies and Monsters ; illustrated by the Oxy hydrogen Light. 

RiGBY, Rev. E. A., s.j., Professor of Physics, Stonyhurst College. The 
Characteristics of Animal and Vegetable Life; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Shaw, Hele, Professor of Engineering, University College, Liverpool. 
The Navigation of the Air ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

SiRCOM, Rev. Sebastian, m.a., s.j., Professor of Mathematics, Stony- 
hurst College. Brass Musical Instruments : their Chief Acoustic 
Properties demonstrated experimentally ; illustrated by the Oxyhy- 
drogen Light. 

Stubbs, Captain Edward, r.n. Our Life-Boat Service ; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Thompson, Isaac C, f.r.m.s. Through Canada and the United States 
to the Geysers of the Yellowstone ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light. 

Veitch, James, m.a. Sir Walter Scott ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light. (2 Lectures.) 

Waugh, Edwin. Humorous Readings iu the Lancashire Dialect. 

Williams, Rev. S. Fletcher. The Times and Associates of Shakspere- 



19 



Lectures delivered during October and November, 1886. 

Two courses, of six lectures each, and one course of three lectures, were 
delivered in the Rotunda Lecture Hall, from October 4th to November 
29th inclusive. 

Total Attendance at the three courses : 14,998. Average : 1,000. 

Lecturers and Subjects. 

De Range, C. E., Assoc. Inst, c.e., p.g.s., f.r.g.s., of Her Majesty's 
Geological Survey of England and Wales. Physiography ; illustra- 
ted by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 6 lectures. 

Total Attendance : 5,677. Average : 946. 

Gatty, Charles T., f.s.a. Art and Antiquities; illustrated by the 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 6 lectures. 

Total Attendance : 5,838. Average : 973. 

Stewart, W. J., b.a., Oxon., Barrister-at-Law. India : what it is, how 
we got it, why we keep it ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light* 
3 lectures. 

Total Attendance: 3,483. Average: 1,161. 



LENDING LIBRARIES. 



Table I. — General Statistics : — 
















1886. 




1885. 


North 
Library. 


South 
Library. 


TOTAI. 


North 
Library. 


South 
Library. 


Total. • 


202,652 
2,005 
2,311 
2,080 
4,287 
21 

550 

534 

428 

23,145 


180,910 

2,194 

1,953 

2,097 

4,229 

11 

4 

419 

526 

450 

22,611 


383,562 

4,199 

4,264 

4,177 

8,516 

32 

4 

969 

1,060 

878 

45,756 


193,835 

2,024 

2,365 

2,146 

4,362 

15 

6 

232 

872 

694 

23,267 


189,293 
2,129 
1,921 
2,146 
4,132 
25 

613 

610 
22,580 


383,128 




4,153 




4,286 




4,292 


Total No. of readers on the books 
Books lost or injured, and paid for 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn . . 

Volumes worn out — replaced 

No. of volumes added 

Total No. of vols, in the Libraries 


8,494 

40 

6 

232 

1,485 

1,304 

1 45,847 



20 



Table II. — Showing the Classification of Volumes Lent and Added : — 



Theology 

Natural Philosophy 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities .... 

Voj'ages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce and Political Economy 
Education, Languages, and Logic 

Poetry and the Drama 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics 

Books for the Blind 

Total 



Volumes Lent 




Volumes Added. 


North 


South 




North 


South 




Library. 


Library. 


Total. 


Library. 


Library. 


Total. 


3,248 


3,061 


6,309 


8 


9 


17 


2,835 


2,772 


5,607 


7 


■ 7 


14 


2,043 


1,809 


3,852 


15 


17 


32 


8,920 


7,371 


16,291 


30 


32 


62 


8,158 


7,666 


15,824 


51 


44 


95 


897 


898 


1,795 


6 


6 


12 


4,fi43 


4,729 


9,672 


25 


21 


46 


10,870 


10,621 


21,491 


105 


118 


223 


310 


236 


546 


3 


5 


8 


722 


426 


1,148 


9 


4 


13 


1,566 


1,044 


2,610 


2 


1 


3 


1,106 


1,057 


2,163 


6 


9 


15 


156,696 


138,832 


295,528 


159 


176 


335 


245 


280 


525 


2 


1 


3 


93 


108 


201 


' - 


— 


— 


202,652 


180,910 


383,562 


428 


450 


878 



MUSEUM. 



Visitors to Museum. 
The Visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows :- 





1886. 
(212 Days.) 


1885. 
(214 Days.) 


Increase. 


Total Visitors in the year . . 


. . 357,916 


325,878 


32,038 


Weekly Average . . 


6,883 


6,266 


617 


Daily Dverage 


1,688 


1,522 


166 



CmcuLATiNG Museum Collections for Schools and Other 
Educational Purposes. 

These cabinets, first issued in 1884, continue in circulation with 
sustained interest, and without damage or loss. 

New Case. 

A large upright central baywood and plate-glass case has been erected 
in the Mammalia Room, No. 4, for the fuller and better display of the 
Cheiroptera, or Bats, and the Insectivorous Mammals. 



21 

By this provision more space is available for the arrangement of 
the Lemurs and the Quadrumana, and they are in consequence much 
better displayed than was previously possible. 

The Cooke Bequest of Bkitish Lepidoptera. 

This Collection is under careful re-arrangement by Dr. J. W. Ellis, 
Honorary Secretary of the Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological 
Society, who has kindly undertaken the task. 

Purchases. 
The principal purchases during the year have been as follows : — 

The Austin Collection of Fossils. 

The principal features consist of the well-known Collection of Carboni- 
ferous and other Crinoids, to the collection and study of which the late 
Major Austin, long resident in L-eland and subsequently at Bristol, 
devoted so many years of his life ; and also of his Collection of Fossils 
from the Millstone Grit discovered by him in Britain. Major Austin 
commenced, but, from insufficient encouragement, did not complete his 
work entitled, A Monograph on Recent and Fossil Crinoidea, with 
Figures and Descriptions. Of this work, in quarto, only 128 pages, 16 
plates, and frontispiece, were published. The unpublished drawings and 
text remain the property of his family ; but the specimens figured and 
described therein are now permanently placed in the Liverpool Museum. 

This important Collection was purchased on the recommendation of 
the highest authorities on the subject, after an exhaustive examination by 
the Rev. H. H. Higgins on behalf of the Committee. 

Selections from the Godeffroy Collection. 

The Brothers Godeffroy, distiugaished among the Merchant Princes of 
Hamburg, for many years stimulated and encouraged, by all the means 
in their power, a taste for the collection of objects of Natural History 
among their numerous captains and agents in the Pacific Ocean. The 
Godeffroy Museum acquired a world-wide fame, but reverses of fortune 
caused it to be ultimately broken up and sold. Mr. Robert Damon, of 



22 

Weymouth, made large purchases, and from these careful selections were 
made by the Rev. H. H. Higgins, for the enrichment of the Museum, 
chiefly for the Invertebrate Collection. 

A specimen of Mimetite, from Cumberland, and a specimen of the 
early Fossil Fish, Pterichthys. 

Ninety specimens of 55 species of Shells. 

Sixty-six specimens of 43 species of Fossil Echinoderms, &c., from the 
Inferior Oolite, Gault, Chalk, and Green Sand. 

A selection of Fossil Nautili, Ammonites, &c. 

An internal natural cast of Ammonites perarmatus, jointed, and show- 
ing the sutures. 

Two specimens of Venus's Flower Basket (Eicplectella) from the 
Philippine Islands, shewing peculiarities of structure ; and two specimens 
of Cup-shaped Sponge, from Florida. 

A finely-carved specimen of Cassis Shell (Cassis madagascariensis) ; 
a Spuiidylus Shell attached to a Pearl Oyster (Margaritijera) , and a 
Kuphus Shell, three feet in length. 

Sixteen selected specimens of Lepidopterous Insects, including 
examples of Morplio Adonis, Caligo Tencer, Papilio Hippolytus, P. 
Mdippus, Antherea Menippe, &c. 

A Flying Gurnard (Dactylopterus) and a small Sting Ray {Urogymvus) 
from India. 

Two specimens of Iguana and an Australian Water Tortoise. 

A Horned Pheasant {Ceriornis), a Maximilian's Maccaw, a Smew, and 
a Garganey Teal. 

An Adult Cassowary (Casuarius galeatus), for the Osteological Col- 
lection. 

A Stuffed Specimen of a Russian Wolf. 



23 

A Skin of the rare Margin-tailed Otter {Pteromvra Sandbachii) from 
Guiana. 

A Flying Squirrel from India, a Foetal Peba, and the Skull of a 
Muntjac Deer. 

A large specimen of the Three-toed Echidna (Echidna Bruijni), 
recently discovered in Northern New Guinea, and a Skull of the same. 

An Equestrian Group, consisting of the mounted Skeletons of a Horse 
and his Eider : a study in Comparative Osteology. 

Mounted Skeletons of a Philantomba Antelope (Cephalophus maxivelli), 
in flight ; and of a Great Eagle Owl {Bubo maximus), also in flight. 

A Skeleton of a Propithecus Lemur and of a Tenrec. Polished 
Section of Molar Tooth of Indian Elephant, Skulls of Capybara, Hyaena, 
Chamois, Tarsius, Tuatera Lizard, Port Jackson Shark, Jaws of Ray, 
and Teeth of Geratodus. 

A polished specimen of the Coco do Mer. 

Living specimens of Limulus, or Horse-shoe Crabs, of Salamanders, 
Green Tree Frogs, Green Lizards, Glass Snakes {Pseudopus pallasi), and 
River Fish from the Mersey, Shannies, &c., for the Aquaria. 

Donations. 

Two Snakes from Delhi, Sumatra ; presented by Mr. Dionysius 
Alexander. 

Specimens of raw and dyed Silks, Cocoons, &c., from various species 
of Indian Silk Moths ; together with samples of Lac and Lac Ware, 
selected by Mr. F. Moore, f.z.s., and presented by the British Museum 
Natural History Department), South Kensington. 

Specimens of the Saw Wasp {Sir ex juvencus), from Clitheroe ; col- 
lected and presented by Mr. Thomas Altham. 

Specimens of Beetles, Spiders, Ants, and a Fresh-water Crab, collected 
at Korti, 1,400 miles up the Nile, and presented by Brigade-Surgeon 
S. Archer, per Mr. Frank Archer. 



24 

Five Terrapins (Malaclemys pahtstris), ten American Salamanders 
{Amblystoma tigrinum), and fifteen Bull Frogs (Rana mugiens), for 
Aquaria ; presented alive by Mr. Eugene Blackford, United States' Fish 
Commissioner, in return for living specimens of the Common Sole, suc- 
cessfully imported to New York from the Aquaria by R.M.S.S. 
Britannic, Captain Hamilton Perry, per favour of Mr. W. S. Graves, of 
the White Star Line ; as recorded in the Proceedings of the Literary and 
Philosophical Society of Liverpool, Vol. XL., 1885-6, pp. 185-196. 

A living Land Crab, found in a cargo_of timber from Brazil ; presented 
by Mr. John Brotherton. 

A living specimen of the Telescope Fish {Carassius auratus), a culti- 
vated variety of the Gold Fish ; presented by Capt. J. Cummins, to whom it 
was given, at Mandalay, by an attendant upon the King of Burmah. 

The Kostrum of a Saw Fish {Pristis antiquorum), and a Centi- 
pede; presented by Capt. Henry Daniel, S.S. Caribbean. 

Six Mortimer Ship-Aquaria ; presented by Mr. W. A. Duncan. 

Two specimens of a rare British Beetle {Chrysomela cerealis), found 
only on Snowdon ; collected August, 1886, and presented by Dr. J. W. 
Ellis. 

Specimens of 22 species of S. African, Australian, New Zealand, and 
other Hydroida, named by Prof. Allman, ll.d., f.r.s., in the Journal of 
the Linnean Soeiety (Zoology, vol. 19, pp. 132-161), and mostly new ; 
presented by Miss H. Gatty from her own collection : also two specimens 
of Plumularia pinnata, and a specimen of Azygoplon rostratum, from 
examples described in Prof. AUman's 'Report on the Plumularidce oi 
the Challenger Expedition." 

A Common Kinged Snake and a young Leveret from Childwall ; pre- 
sented by Mr. W. L. Gladstone. 

A large specimen of Pipe Fish (Fistularia), caught off Cape St. 
Vincent, Cape de Verde ; presented by Capt. Thomas Heuing, per Mr. 
H. C. Beasley. 



25 

A fine example of a rare Shell {Spondylus Victoria); presented by the 
Rev. H. H. Higgins, m.a. 

A large Amazonian Terrapin or Water Tortoise {Etrnjs amazonica), 
from Para ; presented by Mr. George Hulse. 

Specimens of Osteocella, preserved in spirit, from Burrard's Inlet, 
British Columbia, and a collection of Marine Specimens obtained on the 
voyage from Liverpool to British Columbia and back ; presented by Capt. 
J. Griffith Jones, barque " Hermine," Associate of the Literary and 
Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 

A living Spider of the genus Delena, with its egg sac, found in hard 
wood timber at the Prince's Dock ; presented by Mr. Joseph Leyland. 

Living specimens of Dragonet Fish, Sea Urchins, Star Fishes, 
Barnacles, &c., for the Aquaria, dredged by the Liverpool Marine Biology 
Committee. 

A Magpie {Pica caudata), shot at Vyrnwy ; presented by Mr. Councillor 
W. J. Lunt. 

Three Snakes {Elaps coronella, Ccecilia, and Acontias) fi-om Para; 
presented by Mr. F. P. Marrat. 

Specimens of Palolo viridis, a remarkable Sea Worm, from the Fijian 
Seas ; presented by the Hon. J. E. Mason, m-L-C. 

An Indian Rock Snake {Python molwrus); presented by Dr. Hugh 
Miller. 

A Hymenomycetus Fungus, growing on trees, and often worked up 
for German tinder, and now brought into use as a material for soft hats 
by Messrs. Mander and Alleuder ; presented by Sir J. A. Picton. 

Specimens of Ripple-marked Sandstones, Sun Cracks, and Rain 
Pittings, from recent excavations in the Lime Street Tunnels and neigh- 
bourhood ; presented by the London and North-Western Railway 
Company. 



26 

A large living Beetle* {Dynastes typhon), brought from Tijuca, Eio de 
Janeiro, and a preserved Trap-door Spider (Lycosa) and its enemy, from 
Estancia Yerua Concordia, Entre Rios, by Mr. Thomas Taylor, junr. ; 
also living specimens of the only species of Trap-door Spider found in 
Britain (Atypus piceus), male and females, nests of each, and mounted 
specimens of male and female, specially procured by Mr. F. Enoch, of 
London, and presented by Mr. Frederick Taylor ; also Trap-door Spiders 
from Mon Repos, Bordeaux, from Tangier, Morocco, and from Zante . 
presented by Mr. Frederick Taylor. 

A collection of Marine Specimens, chiefly Fish and MoUusca, dredged 
in Panama Bay for the Museum ; presented by Capt. W. H. Cawne 
Warren, Associate of the Literary and Philosophical Society, Liverpool. 

Two Vertebrae of the Finner Whale {Balcenopteras Sibbaldii) and 
other Cetacean Bones ; a male and female Merganser, a Raven, and other 
specimens from the Isle of Lewis ; collected and presented by Mr. 
Thomas West. 

A series of Fossil remains of Plants from the Carboniferous Sandstone 
of Billinge Hill, including specimens showing scars in the outer coating 
of Lepidodendroid Trees, of which one is exceptionally fine, and does not 
appear to have been figured or described ; presented by Mr. Nicholas 
Roskell, proprietor of the quarries. 

Two small nests of Tree Wasps (Polybia), two small Insect Nests of 
Mud (Pelopceus), and two small Nests of Trap-door Spiders from Brazil ; 
presented by Dr. Ewing Whittle. 



* This Beetle fed freely on Bananas, and lived for more than three mouths after its 
arrival at the Museum. 



27 
MAYER MUSEUM 



Donations. 
"Watch, made by Thomas Traunter, Salop ; presented by Mr. George 
Fowler. 

Koran, a copy, picked up at Abu-Klea, during the retreat from 
Metemmeh, February 16th, 1885 ; presented by the Rev. Dr. Hyde. 

Selection of Pottery, &c., from San-el-Hagar, Egypt ; presented by the 
Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund. 

Part of a Roman Mosaic Pavement, found by Mr. H. E. Dibbin, c.e., 
at the Village of Medbourne, near Market Harborough, Leicestershire ; 
also, a coloured lithograph of the pavement as it would be when perfect. 

Brick, with Cuneiform inscription ; presented by Dr. Ewing Whittle. 

Fifteen Stone Implements, from India ; collected and presented by Mr. 
H. Gompertz. 

Collection of Egyptian Antiquities, found by Mr. Flinders Petrie, at 
Naukratis, Egypt ; presented by the Committee of the Egypt Exploration 
Fund. 

Stone Pounder, brought from Antigua by the Hon. S, H. Gatty ; pre- 
sented by Mr. C. T. Gatty. 

Chinese soap-stone Joss, found during excavations in St. Thomas' 
Churchyard, Liverpool ; presented by Mr. T. Shelmerdine, Surveyor. 

Eight specimens of Glass used by His Royal Highness, Prince Albert, 
K.G., at the opening of the Albert Dock, Liverpool, July, 1846 ; pre- 
sented by the Rev. William Bramley-Moore. 

Selection of Antiquities from Tell Gemayemi and Tell Defenneh, 
Egypt ; presented by the Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund. 

Two 17th Century Forks, with silver-plated handles ; presented by 
Mr. Benson. 



28 

Purchases. 

Group of Ethnographical Objects, consisting of two Adzes, Solomon 
Islands ; two Food Bowls, two Spoons, a Head-rest, and two Shell 
Implements, made from the " Tridacna gigas," from New Guinea. 

Group of Ethnographical Objects, as follows : — Adze, with Tooth 
head. Tortoise-shell Armlets, Lime gourd with spoon. Idols, Wand, 
Head-rest, Club, Bone and Tortoise-shell Fish Hooks, Girdle Dress, 
netted Cradle and three Bags, from Northern New Guinea. 

Pair of Japanese Vases. 

Sunderland Frog Mug and Spode Plate. 

Marble bust of George Canning. 

Ancient Egyptian Armlets, Kings, and a Pectoral plate. 

Twenty-nine Photographs of Natives of South Africa. 

Wooden Idol or Ornament, from New Ireland. 

Wedgwood " Queen's ware" plate, with a Sadler transfer print on it. 

Facsimiles of Twenty-nine of the most famous Diamonds of the World. 



WALKER ART GALLERY. 



The Gallery has been open on 285 days during the year, and closed for 
cleaning and other purposes on 28 days. The total number of visitors 
was 539,623, or a daily average attendance of 1,893. Included in the 
above total are 80,000 visitors to the several Exliibitions, for which a 
charge was made, and 9,879 pupils of schools, of various denominations, 
admitted free. 



■■ 



29 

In addition to the Autumn Exhibition, a Loan Collection of Pictures, 
kindly lent by the owners of Art Treasures in Liverpool and the neigh- 
bourhood, was open in the Gallery during May, June, and July. This 
afforded great satisfaction to all who visited it, and gave ample evidence 
of the wealth of Art stored in the mansions in and around the City. 
Statistics of these Exhibitions are given below. 

Concurrently with the Loan Exhibition, the Liverpool Society of 
Painters in Water Colours, and the Liver Sketching Club, held their 
Exhibitions in rooms, the free use of which was granted by the Com- 
mittee. 

Towards the close of the year the Museum of Casts, illustrating the 
Gothic and Kenaissance periods of Architecture, was opened. The Col- 
lection was made by the Chairman of the Art Department, P. H. Rath- 
bone, Esq., and Mr. Alderman Samuelson, with the assistance of Mr. T. 
Armstrong, and Mr. H. M. Cundell, of South Kensington, the funds for 
the same being provided by a grant of £500, made by the City Council, 
supplemented by a grant of i6182, from the Lords of the Council on 
Education. This department of the Art Collection is likely to be of 
great utility, and if used by the artizans, cannot but add to their techni- 
cal and artistic knowledge. 

The Committee lent Pictures during the year for the adornment of the 
Town Hall, during the visit of H.R.H. The Prince of Wales, and for 
Newsham House, on the occasion of the visit of Her Majesty the Queen. 

Two Pictures were also lent for Exhibition at Berlin, viz. : — "And 
when did you last see your father ?" by W. F. Yeames, E.A., and the 
" Rival Grandfathers," by John R. Reid. Honours were awarded to the 
Artists by the Fine Art Authorities at Berlin, Mr. Reid receiving the 
Small Gold Medal, and Mr. Yeames Honourable Mention. 

Pictures have been deposited on Loan (and for the present remain in 
the Gallery) by Mr. Alderman Samuelson, Mr. Merton Russell-Cotes, and 
Messrs. Kendall & Sons. 

Rooms in the Gallery were further utilized during the year by the 
Exhibition of the Cathfdi-al Plans, prepared by Mr. Emerson, Mr. Brooks, 



30 

i 
and Messrs. Bodley and Garner, which attracted a large number of ' 

visitors. 

The number of students admitted to copy in the Gallery is steadily 
increasing, the total number of attendances being 3,865, or a daily 
average of 12. 

The use of the Gallery was granted to the Society of Chemical In- 
dustry for the purpose of a Conversazione, on the 15th July, in connection 
•with their meeting in Liverpool. 

The Committee have granted to several firms the privilege of repro- 
ducing works of which they hold the copyright, and this, in addition to 
popularizing the respective Pictures, has yielded a sum towards additional 
purchases. 

Additions. 



Donations — 

Oil Paintings : 

" The Blind Fiddler" (after Wilkie), by W. Weir ; and | 

" Interior of a Butcher's Shop," by Jan Stein; presented by Mr. 
Alderman Samuelson, J. p. 

Engravings : 

" The Queen and Prince Consort Visiting Wounded Soldiers from the 
Crimean War" (after Jerry Barrett), by T. 0. Barlow, k.a. ; presented by 
Mr. Alderman Samuelson, j.p. 

1 Volume of early Italian Prints ; presented by the Trustees of the 
British Museum. L 

Purchases — 

Water Colours : 

" Bridge over the River Calder at Whalley," by W. J. Bishop. 



31 

Also the following Oil Paintings purchased from the Autumn Exhi- 
bition : — 

" Awaiting an Audience," by Prof. Willem Geets. 

" Ruth and Naomi," by P. H. Calderon, r.a. 

" Hard Times," by Fredk. Brown. 

" Off to the Fishing Ground," by Stanhope A. Forbes. 



Autumn Exhibition of Pictures. 





1886. 


1885. 


Number of Pictures and other Works 
of Art Exhibited 


1,279 






1,462 




Number of Pictures Sold 


224 






196 




Amount Realised by Sales 




£8,576 18 







£8,028 8 


Season Tickets 


1,831 


302 10 


6 


2,952 


501 7 6 


1 Admission at One Shilling 


22,941 


1,147 1 





26,349 


1,317 9 


Sixpence . . 


15,908 


397 14 





14,658 


366 9 


Threepence 


26,703 


333 15 


9 


27,560 


344 10 


Catalogues Sold 




434 9 







481 7 9 


1 Commission on Sales 




336 13 


9 




353 17 


Miscellaneous Receipts . . 




27 19 


8 




44 1 10 


Amount Received, Exclusive of Sales , 




2,615 10 


3 




3,011 3 3 



The following tabulated statement will be read with interest :- 



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PRESEYT^D 



I 






THIRTY-FIFTH 

ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE CO M J\ri T T E E 

OK THK 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 

AND 

WALKER ART GALLERY, 




CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 



^ M ^ 





LI V KU I'Oor. : 
■I. H. \VILLIA:^[S & CO., PRINTERS. S, 8CH00I, [.ANK, 

I S 8 S . 





I 



THIRTY-FIFTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY. 

MUSEUM, 



AND 



WALKER ART GALLERY, 



OF THE 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 





LIVERPOOL: 
J. R. WILLIAMS & CO., PRINTERS, 

1888. 



8. SCHOOL LANE, 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 

FOR THE YEARS 1887-88. 



(Eatntnittet : 

Sir JAMES .\LL ANSON PICTON, f.s.a., Chaibman. 
Alderman EDWARD SAMUELSON, Deputy-Chairman. 
THOMAS WILLIAM OAKSHOTT, Mayor. 
GEORGE H. BALL, ] THOMAS B. HALL, 

WILLIAM BENNETT, ROBERT HAMILTON, 

ANTHONY BOWER, Rev. H. H. HIGGINS. ma., 

LiETJT.-CoL A. H. BROWN. M.r.. | TH0:^L4.S HOLDER. 

ANDREW COMMINS. i.l.d.. m.p.. ROBERT D. HOLT, 

JOHN DAVIES, WILLIAM J. LUNT, 

GEORGE C. DOBELL. PHILIP H. RATHBONE. 

ALDERM.1N Sir a. B. WALKER, Bart. 

(KljiEf ICibrariau : 
PETER O W E L L . 

^nb-fCibrarian : 
THOMAS F O R M R Y . 

Curatnr of tljr ^aseum: 
THOMAS J. MOORE. 

(Eonrljolngisi, ^intralogist, &c. : 
F. P. MAERAT. 

Curator of ilje WLalktr 2.vi (Sallerg: 
CHARLES DYALL. 



GENERAL REPORT. 



In the last Report reference was made to the difficulties arising from 
a diminishing income and increasing expenditure, and the failure of the 
attempt to induce the Ratepayers to apply for Parliamentary sanction to 
add a farthing in the pound to the rate. Allusion was also made to the 
refusal of the Council to sanction the purchase of a portion of the Mayer 
Collection. This valuable assemblage of interesting objects has since 
been disposed of by auction at Sotheby and Wilkinson's in London. A 
few lots, to the utmost extent of our means, have been secured for the 
Library. 

Since the establishment of the Lending Libraries, thirty-five years 
ago, many circumstances connected with their scope and object have 
changed. The City has doubled in population, but the extension has 
been irregular in its advance, and it became an important question how 
the additional demand thus arising could be best met. 

At the beginning of the year a Sub- Committee was appointed to 
consider and report on the district libraries and reading rooms as to their 
extension, and, if necessary, their removal to more suitable situations. 
Mr. T. B. Hall, Chairman. This Sub -Committee, after a patient and 
diligent inquiry, has presented a report, a copy of which accompanies the 
present issue.* This was brought before the Council on the 1st of 
February, and after ample discussion and a division, the following reso- 
lution was adopted : " That the Report on the Free Lending Libraries be 
received and referred back to the Library Committee to obtain plans and 
estimates for carrying out their recommendations, to be hereafter 
submitted to the Council." 

The Committee cannot but feel that their work of enlightenment and 
education has to be pursued under circumstances of great difficulty. 
There is no doubt that, in respect to the support accorded to these Insti- 
tutions, Liverpool is falling behind in the race, whilst other communities, 
such as Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Preston, are advancing with rapid 
strides, and obtaining a proud pre-eminence. It remains to be seen 

• See Appendix. 



4 



whether the second city in England is content to occupy this humiliating 
position. In any event this Committee has done its duty in calling 
public attention to the fact. 

Signed on behalf of the Committee, 

J. A. PICTON, Kt., 

Chairman. 

REFERENCE LIBRARY. 



The accommodation for the ever-increasing store of Books is becoming 
very limited, and before very long some effort will have to be made to 
extend its borders. 

The lighting and heating of the extensive premises occupied entails 
a large expense, and requires constant vigilance. The poisonous atmos- 
phere arising from the burning of gas in the bookrooms was found very 
injurious to the health of the employees, and also to the bindings of 
the books. With a view to improving this a trial was made of the 
incandescent electric light and a contract entered into for carrying it out. 
After twelve months' experience it had to be abandoned, principally on 
account of the greatly increased expense. 

A system of improved gas lighting by Messrs. Sugg & Co. has been 
adopted, which is more economical, and has the advantage of lighting 
and ventilating at the same time. It is now working satisfactorily. 

Table I. — Showing the Books issued during the year : — 

ClassiftcatioD. 
Theology, Morals, &c. 
Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, «fec. 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 
History and Biography ... 
Topography and Antiquities 
Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works 
Magazines in Volumes, &c.) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics . . . 

Education'and Language... ... 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 

Encyclopaedias, and Works of General Reference 

Patents for Invention 



Volumes. 
. 20,840 
. 19,669 
. 8,606 
. 29,809 
. 26,175 


Daily 
Average 

77 
72 
32 
110 
96 


. 7,064 


26 


. 12,255 


45 


.' 179,131 
. 6,687 


658 
24 


. 4,275 


16 


. 7,368 


27 


. 13,240 
. 372,285 


49 
1,368 


4,495 


17 


. 20,714 
. 19,929 


76 
73 



Total 752,542 2,766 

The various Quarterly, Monthly, and Weekly Magazines and Reviews are 
placed at the discretionary use of the readers. No statistics are taken of their issue, 



% 



I 



Table II.— Showing the number and classification of 
during the year : — 

Classiflcation. 

Theology, Morals, &c 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c. ... 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works 
Magazines, &c.) ... _ _ ... 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 

Commerce, Political Economy, &c 

Education and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 
Heraldry, Encyclopaedias, and Works of Reference 

Total 2,404 91,075 

The following is the List of Magazines and Periodicals taken in the 
Reference Library : — 



ation of 


works added 


Volumes 


Total Number in 


added. 


the Library. 


99 


6,948 


61 


2,184 


79 


4,946 


. 2.39 


10,578 


. 284 


11,674 


. 1.33 


4,806 


. 125 


4,953 


.' 796 


21,476 


. 1.37 


7,447 


. 129 


1,331 


21 


1,473 


62 


3,763 


57 


5,613 


75 


857 


. 107 


3,026 



Quarterly. 
Annales des sciences naturelles 
Archseologia cambrensis 
Archaeological Journal 
Asiatic Quarterly Review 
British and Foreign Evangelical Review 
Calcutta Review 
Church Quarterly Review 
Dublin Review 
Edinburgh Review 
English Historical Review 
Geninen 
Grevillea 
Ibis 

Journal de conchyliologie 
Journal fiir Ornithologie 
Journal of Anatomy 
Journal of the British Archaeological 

Association 
Journal of the Royal Agricultural 

Society 
Journal of the Society of Antiquaries 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
Liverpool University Magazine 
London Quarterly Review 
Manchester Quarterly 
Manx Note Book 
Mind 
Navy List 

Numismatic Chronicle 
Quarterly Journal of the Geological 

Society 



Quarterly — continued. 
Quarterly Journal of Microscopical 

Science 
Quarterly Review 
Reliquary 
Revue celtique 
Traethodydd 

Zeitschrift fiir deutsche Philologie 
Zeitschrift fiir Ethnologie 

Monthly. 

All the Year Round 

American Journal of Science 

American Naturalist 

Annalen der Physik und Chemie 

Beiblatter zu den Annalen 

der Physik 
Annales de chimie et de physique 
Annals and Magazine of Natural 

History 
Antiquary 
Argosy 
Army List 
Art Journal 
Atlantic Monthly 
Band of Hope Review 
Banker's Magazine 
Belgravia 

Bibliotheque universelle 
Birmingham, &c.. Hardware Circular 
Blackwood's Magazine 
Board of Trade Journal 



MosTHLT — Continued 

Bookbinder 
Book Lore 
Botanical Magazine 
British Temperance Advocate 
Building World 
Cambridge Examiner 
Cassell's Magazine 
Century 

Chambers's Journal 
China Review 
Church Missionary Gleaner 
Church Missionary Intelligencer 
Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 
Classical Review 
Congregational Magazine 
Congregational ist 
Contemporary Review 
Cornhill Magazine 
Daheim 
Day of Days 
Ecclesiastical Observer 
Educational Times 
English Illustrated Magazine 
Englishwoman's Review 
Expositor 
Einancial Reformer 
Fireside 
Food 

Fortnightly Review 
Furniture Gazette 
Gazette des beaux-arts 
Gartenlaube 
Gentleman's Magazine 
Geological Magazine 
Gloucestershire Notes and Queries 
Good Health 
Good Words 
Gymnasium News 
Hand and Heart 
Harper's Magazine 
Herald of Health 
Home Words 
Homoeopathic World 
Indian Antiquary 
Investor's Monthly Manual 
Journal of the Chemical Society 
Journal of Speculative Philosophy 
Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 
Knowledge 
Leisure Hour 
Library Chronicle 
Library Journal 
Liebig's Annalen der Chemie 
Livre 

London, &c., Philosophical Magazine 
London Society 



Monthly — Continued. 

Longman's Magazine 

Machinery Market 

Macmillan's Magazine 

Magazine of Art 

Mineralogical Magazine 

Miscellanea genealogica 

Moniteur des arcbitectes 

Month 

Musical Times 

Musical Society 

National Review 

Nautical Magazine 

New Church Magazine 

Nineteenth Century 

North American Review 

Observatory 

Oddfellows' Magazine 

Personal Rights' Journal 

Petermann's Mitteilungeu 

Pitman's Musical Monthly 

Portfolio 

Present Truth 

Printer's Register 

Printing Times and Lithographer 

Quiver 

Railway Guide, Bradshaw's 

Revue archeologique 

Revue britannique 

Revue chretienne 

Royal Astronomical Society's Monthly 

Notices 
Royal Geographical Society's Journal 
Sanitary Record 

Science Gossip 

Scribners' Magazine 

Script Phonographic Journal 

Shipping World 

Shorthand Magazine 

South American Journal 

Sunday at Home 

Sunday Magazine 

Temple Bar 

Theatre 

Tinsley's Magazine 

Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 

Truthseeker 

United Service Institute 

L^nited Service Magazine 

Unsere Zeit 

Vegetarian Messenger 

Wesleyan Methodist Magazine 

Westminster Review 

Western Antiquary 

Woman's Suffrage Journal 

Yachting Magazine 

Zoologist 

Zoophilist 



Fortnightly. 

Brewers' Guardian 

Intern] ediaire 

Revue des deux mondes 

Weekly. 
Academy 
American Settler 
Amateur Photographer 
Anglo-American Times 
Architect 
Athenaeum 
British Architect 
British and Colonial Printer ami 

Stationer 
Broad Arrow and Naval and Military 

Gazette 
Builder 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 
Building News 
Chemical News 

Cambridge University Reporter 
Chronique des arts 
Citizen 

Civil Service Times 
Civilian 

Colonies and India 
Comptes rendus 

Dingler's Polytechuisches Journal 
Economist 
Electrical Review 
Electrician 
Engineer 
Engineering 
English Mechanic 
Era 

Fair Play 
Field 

Fireside News 
Fun 

Gazette des architectes 
Gardeners' Chronicle 
Graphic 



Weekly — Continued. 

Grocer 

Illustrated London News 

Invention 

Iron 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 

Jewish Chronicle 

Journal of Gaslightiug 

Journal of Horticulture 

Journal of the Society of Arts 

Judy 

Lancet 

Land and Water 

Law Times 

Light 

Liverpool Review 

Local Government Chronicle 

London Gazette 

Medium 

Mining Journal 

Money 

Moonshine 

Nature 

Notes and Queries 

Oxfoi'd University Gazette 

Pharmaceutical Journal 

Phonetic Journal 

Pictorial World 

Porcupine 

Public Opinion 

Punch 

Railway Journal 

Railway Review 

Sale and Exchange 

Saturday Review 

Scientific American 

Spectator 

Tablet 

Truth 

Volunteer Service Gazette 

Vanity Fair 

Weekly Notes 

World 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, &c. 
regularly by the Publishers : — 



have been presented 



Amateur Photographer 

American Settler 

Anglo-American Times 

Birmingham and Sheffield Hardware 

Circular 
Bootle Times 
Brewers' Guar-dian 
British and Colonial Printer and 

Stationer 
British Temperance Advocate 



Builders' Weekly Reporter 

Building World 

Cambridge Examiner 

Cape Argus 

Church Slissionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

Citizen 

Civil Service Times 

Colonies 



t)ay of Days 
Ecclesiastical Observer 
Electrical Review 
Englishwoman's Review 
Fair Play 

Financial Reformer 
Fireside 
Fireside News 
Food 

Good Health 
Gymnasium News 
Hand and Heart 
Herald of Health 
Home Words 
Homoeopathic World 
Invention 
Irish Times 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 
Jewish World 

Journal of Speculative Philosophy 
Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 
Journal of the Statistical Society 
Leeds Times 
Light 

Liverpool and Bootle Evening Times 
Liverpool Catholic Times 
Liverpool Courier (daily and weekly) 
Liverpool Echo 
Liverpool Express 
Liverpool Halfpenny Weekly 
Liverpool Journal of Commerce 
Liverpool Mercury (daily and weekly) 
Liverpool Porcupine 
Liverpool Post (daily and weekly) 

The following is a list of the Newspapers provided for the use in the 
Newsroom : — 



Liverpool Review 

Liverpool University Magazine 

Machinery Market 

Medium 

Methodist Chronicle 

Mona's Herald 

Musical Society 

Money 

Naval and Military Gazette 

New Church Magazine 

Oddfellows' Magazine 

Oxford Chronicle 

Personal Rights' Journal 

Pitman's Musical Monthly 

Porcupine 

Present Truth 

Preston Herald 

Railway Review 

Rhyl Journal 

Richmond and Twickenham Times 

Sale and Exchange 

Script Phonographic Journal 

Shipping World 

Signs of the Times 

Sloan-Duployan Phonographic Journal 

South American Journal 

Sunday Review 

Temperance Record 

Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 

Vegetarian Messenger 

Western Daily Press 

Woman's Suffrage Journal 

Worcestershire Herald 

Zoophilist 



Baner ac Amserau Cymru 
Belfast News-Letter 
Birmingham Daily Gazette 
Birmingham Daily Post 
Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald 
Freeman's Journal (2 copies) 
Glasgow Herald 
Guardian 
Irish Times 
Leeds Mercury 
Liverpool Courier (6 copies) 
Liverpool Daily Post (6 copies) 
Liverpool Journal of Commerce 



Liverpool Mercury (6 copies) 
London Daily News (2 copies) 
London Morning Post 
London Standard (2 copies) 
London Telegraph (2 copies) 
London Times (2 copies) 
Manchester Courier 
Manchester Guardian 
New York Herald 
Pall Mall Gazette 
Scotsman 

Western Daily Press 
Yorkshire Post 



Donations. 



The following Donations have been received during the year : — 



Abraham, A.C. : — Pharmaceutical Jour- 
nal, Xst ser. , v. 9- 1 8, and 2ad ser. , v. 1 -4. 
Anonymously : — Letter to the Bishop of 



Liverpool on the Jubliee, by Sacerdos ; 
Scottish Metaphysics Reconstructed : 
Shaksperean Characters. 



ASUTON-UNDER-LyNE FrEE LIBRARY : — 

Catalogue. 

Barrow-in-Furness : — Catalogue. 

Beloe, Charles H. : — Annual Report of 
the United States Life Saving Service, 
188G. 

Birkenhead Free Library : — Bulletin 
of Books. 

Birkenhead Literary and Scientific 
Society :— Report, 1886-7. 

Birmingham Free Libraries :— Cata- 
logue of the Reference Department, 
2pts. 

Birmingham Philosophical Society : — 
Proceedings, v. 5, pt. 2. 

Boston Public Library : — Bulletins, 
Nos. 74-75. 

Bramley-Moore, Rev. W. : — Plans of 
the Liverpool and Birkenhead Docks, 
1860 and 186.S ; Plan of the Borough of 
Liverpool, 1865. 

Bristol Free Public Libraries : — 
Catalogue. 

British As.sociation for the Advance - 
ment of Science : — Report, 1886. 

British Mu.seum Trustees : — Catalogue 
of Printed Books, 30 vols. ; Catalogue 
of Bengali Printed Books ; Catalogue 
of Fossil Mammalia, pt. 4 ; Catalogue 
of Gi'cek Coins ; Catalogue of English 
Coins (Anglo-Saxon), v. 1 ; Catalogue 
of Lizards ; Egyptian Text of the 
Earliest Period from the Coffin of 
Amann ; General Guide to the British 
Museum (Ifatural History) ; Guide to 
the Galleries of Reptiles and Fishes. 

Bowness-on- Windermere Association : 
— Guide to Bowness. 

Brushfield, T. N. (the Author) : — Sir 
Walter Balegh and his History of the 
World. 

Btrne, p. : — Educational System in 
Canada. 

Canada, Department of the In- 
terior : — Geological and Natural 
History Survey of Canada : Report, v. 1. 

Cassell and Co., Messrs. (the Pub- 
lishers) : — Facsimile of Magna Carta. 

Castellain, Alfred, J. P. : — Journal of 
the Royal Agricultural Society, 2nd ser. 
v. 23, pt. 1. 

Charlton, C. (the Author) :— The Fair 
Maid of Codrington. 

Cheltenham Public Library :— 
Catalogue. 

Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce : — 
38th Annual Report. 

Cincinnati Public Library :— Bulletin 
of Books, 1886. 

Canadian Government :— Canadian 
North West, and other Pamphets, by 
Wm. Clarke (6 copies). 

CUVK.W. B. (the Editor) :— Intermediate 
Arts Guide, 1887 ; Matriculation Direc- 



tory, No. 2., 1887 ; London University 
Examination Matriculation Guide. 

CoBDEN Club : — The British Empire, by 
Sir J. Campbell ; Fair Trade Unmasked, 
byG. W. Medley (50 copies) ; Technical 
Education, by F. C. Montague (3 
copies) ; What Protection does for 
the Farmer and Labourer, by J. 
S. L<iadam (3 copies) ; The World's 
Workers : Richard Cobden, by Richard 
Go wing (25 copies.) 

Colonial and Indian Exhibition, 
London, 1886 : — Report of the Com- 
missioners. 

Columbia College Library :— Circular. 

Contagious Disease Acts, A.ssociation 
FOR Promoting the Extension of 
the : — Reports and Papers. 

Cornell University, United States : — 
Register, 1886-7. 

CowELL, P. : — Handbook to Birmingham. 

Denvir, a. G. : — Muse's Delight. 

Dickinson, J. W. : — Cumbriana, by 
William Dickinson. 

DoRE, J. R. (the Author) :— Old Bibles. 

Dove, P. E. (the Author) : — Opinion of 
Council as to Public Rights in Navig- 
able Rivers. 

Doyle, J. P. :— Hospital and Medical 
Reform in Dublin. 

Dublin University : — Calendar, 1887 ; 
Examination Papers, 1886. 

Dublin Protestant Orphan Refuge 
Society : — 67th Report. 

Dublin. Trinity College : — Catalogus 
librorum impressorum qui in biblio- 
theca collegii sacrosanctse et individuae 
trinitatis reginse Elizabethae juxta 
Dublin, 9 vols. 

Eden, Thomas : — Autobiography of John 
B. Gough ; Boons and Blessings, by 
Mrs. S. C. Hall; Devil's Chain, by 
Edward Jenkins ; Lectures and 
Addresses ; Sunlight and Shadow, by 
J. B. Gough ; and other Books and 
Pamphlets. 

Ellis, Dr. John W. (the Author) :— 
The Lepidopterous Fauna of Lan- 
cashire and Cheshire, pt. 4. 

Erith, F. N. (the Author) :— The Church, 
the Body, and the Bride. 

"Fell" Association of Furness: — 
Registers of Fells and their Con- 
nections. 

FiSK, Francis (the Editor) : — Sky ring's 
Builder's Price Book, 1887; Adcock's 
Engineer's Pocket Book, 1887. 

Eraser Institute, Montreal : — 8th 
Report. 

Green, S. : — Voluntary Maintenance of 
Ministers in Plymouth and Massa- 
chussetts Bay Colonies. 

Greenwood, \V. N. :— Kludonometric 
Tide Tables, (3 copies. ) 



10 



Guinness, H. G. : — Romanism and the 
Keformation. 

Halbaxe, W. C. (the Author) : — Civil 
and Mechanical Engineering. 

Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass. 
U.S.A. : — Bulletins, .Memoirs, Biblio- 
graphical Contributions, and a Record 
of the Commemoration of the Museum 
of Comparative Zoology. 

Hendkik, M. : — National System of 
Political Economy. 

Heywood, J. : — How to assess the value 
of land and property. 

HiGGixs, Miss Anna :— Architectural 
Designs, 2 vols. 

HiGGiNS, Rev. H. H.. M.A. :— Opuscula, 
vol. 3. 

Holgate, C. W. : — Account of the Chief 
Libraries of Australia and Tasmania. 
Account of the Chief Libraries of 
Kew Zealand. 

Incorporated Cocncil of Law Repokx- 
ING : — Chronological Table and Index 
of the Statutes, lOth ed. to 1886. 

India, Right Hon. the Secretary of 
State for : — Sacred Books of the 
East, vols. 25, 29, & 31 ; Report of 
the Secretary on the records of Indian 
OflBces. 

Institution of Civil Engineers : — 
Minutes of Proceedings, vols. 87, 89, 
and 90 : Brief Subject Index to vols, 
59-90; Charters, By-Laws, &c., 1887. 

Institution of ^Iechanical En- 
gineers:— Proceedings, 1886, Xo. 4, 
and 1887, Nos. 1 and 2 ; Library Cata- 
logue, and Subject Index and Papers, 
1847-1887. 

International Abbitbation and Peace 
Association : — Monthly Journal. 

Irish Loyal and Patriotic Union : — 
The Case for Loyalists ; Paddy at 
Home. 

Jeffs, O. W. (the Author): — Geological 
History of Storeton Quarry ; Calday- 
Grange Fault, West Kirby. 

Joule, B. St. J. B. : — Strictures on the 
Sermon preached before the House of 
Commons, 22nd May, 1887. 

Jones, M. H. : — Deacon's Legal Hand- 
book, with Notes by M. H. Jones. 

Jones, Mr. : — East India Association 
Report, 9th May, 1822 ; Letters by 
Jos. Sanders ; Liverpool Night Asylum 
for Houseless Poor ; Sermon on the 
Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts. 

Kerb LAKE, Thos. : — Gyfla. 

Lach-Szyrma, Rev. W. S. (the Author) : 
— Alerial, (2 copies) ; Church History 
of Cornwall ; Voyage of Sir Francis 
Drake. 

Lee, Harold : — Madeira and the Canary 
Islands (2 copies). 



Levin, W. : — Logic of Money. 

Library Reports from the Follo-wing 
Libraries : — Aberdeen ; Aston, Manor 
of ; Barrow-in-Furness; Birkenhead ; 
Birmingham ; Birmingham Proprietary 
Library ; Bolton ; Boston, U.S.A. : 
Bradford ; Bridgeport, U.S.A. ; Brook- 
lyn, N.Y. ; Burlington Fletcher, 
U..S.A. ; Cambridge ; Cardiff; Chester; 
Chicago, U.S.A. ; Cincinnati, U.S.A. ; 
Columbia College, N.Y. ; Copenhagen 
Royal Library ; Derby ; Doncaster ; 
Dublin ; Dundee ; Ealing ; Enoch 
Pratt Free Library, Baltimore ; 
Glasgow ; Great Yarmouth ; German- 
town Friends; Halifax; Handsworth ; 
Hereford ; Indianapolis ; Kidder- 
minster ; Leamington ; Leeds ; Maim- 
onides Library, N.Y. ; Manchester ; 
Middlesbrough ; Milwaukee ; New- 
castle-upon-Tyne ; New York Mercan- 
tile ; Newton, U.S.A.; Norwich; Not- 
tingham; Peabody Institute, Baltimore; 
Philadelphia Mercantile ; Plymouth ; 
Preston ; Richmond ; Rochdale ; Run- 
corn ; St. Helens ; St. Louis Mercantile 
Library ; St. Louis Public Library ; St. 
Margaret and >St. John, Westminster ; 
Salford ; San Francisco Mercantile Lib- 
rary ; Sheffield ; Shrewsbury ; Sydney ; 
South Australian ; Southport ; Stirling's 
and Glasgow; Swansea; Tonbridge; Tor- 
onto ; Twickenham ; Victoria; Walsall ; 
Wandsworth ; Watertown, Mass.'; 
Watford ; Wednesbury ; West Brom- 
wich ; Wigan ; Wolverhampton ; 
Worcester ; Mass. 

Liverpool Architectural Society : — 
Proceedings, July, 1887. 

Liverpool Astronomical Society : — 
Journal, vol. 5, part 4 — 6 ; vol. 6, 
part 1. 

Liverpool Auxiliary Bible Society : — 
Reports 73-76. 

Liverpool Council of Education : — 
Address by the Bishop of Chester. 

Liverpool Engineering Society : — 
Transactions, vol. 6. 

Liverpool Geological Association : — 
Transactions, vols. 6 and 7- 

Liverpool Geological Society : — 
Proceedings, vol. 5, part 3. 

Liverpool Horticultural Association : 
— 7th and 8th Annual Reports. 

Liverpool Infant Orphan Asylum: — 
Report, 1887. 

Liverpool Institutions : — Reports have 
been received from the followng : — 
Catholic Reformatory Association ; 
Central Relief and Organization 
Society ; Church Schoolmasters and 
Schoolmistresses' Benevolent Institu- 
tion ; Clerks' Association ; Liverpool 
Institute ; Mercantile Marine Service 



11 



Association ; Mersey Mission to 
Seamen ; Ragged School Union ; Koyal 
Institution ; Savings Bank ; Penny 
Savings Bank Association ; Royal 
National Life-Boat Institution ; School 
Ship ' Conway ' ; School of Science ; 
Sliipwreck and Humane Society ; Town 
.Mission ; Training Ship 'Indefatigable.' 
LivKRPOOL (Lyceum) Library :— Annual 

Supplementary Catalogue, 1887- 
Liverpool Literaky and Philosophical 

Society :— Proceedings, vol. 41. 
Liverpool Medical Institution : — 
Liverpool Medico-Chirurgical Journal, 
Nos. 12 and 13. 
Liverpool Microscopical Society : — 

ISth Annual Report. 
Liverpool Natural History Society : 

— 1st Annual Report. 
Liverpool Natukalists' Field Club ; — 

Proceedings, 1886-7- 
Liverpool Polytechnic Society : — 

Journal. 
Liverpool School Board : — Proceed- 
ings, 1885-6. 
Liverpool University College :— 

Calendar, 1887-8. 
Lockhart, W. : — Annals of Liverpool ; 
History of the late Conspiracy against 
the King ; Medical Missionary in 
China ; Poll for the Election of 
Members of Parliament for Liverpool, 
1812. 
Liverpool Central Agency : — The 

Advertisers A. B.C. 
Lovell, J. (the Author) :— The Land 

Question (2 copies). 
MacCarthy', D. F. : — Calderon's Dramas ; 
Dramas of Calderon (2 vols.) ; Poems. 
Malet, H. p. :— Sunlight. 
Manchester Geological Society : — 
Transactions, vol. 19, pt. 8, 9, 11, and 
12. 
Manchester Litkraky and Philoso- 
phical Society : — Memoirs, vol. 8 
and 9. 
Manchester Statistical Society : — 

Transactions, 1886-7. 

Marrat, F. p. : — Anatomical and 

Pathological Observations ; Boulevards 

de Paris ; Marine Shells of Southport. 

Marshall, G. W. : — Surname Feather; 

Notes on the surname of Hall. 
May', William, Free Library, Birken- 
head : — Memoirs of W. J. Gomersall. 
Mercantile Library*, New York : — 

Bulletin of New Books, No. 10. 
Meyer, Kuno (the Editor) : — Peredur ab 

Efrawc. 
Mitchell, J. : — Kepublica Argentina 
Departamento general de Immigracion ; 
Memoria correspondiente al sexemo 
presidencial. 
Moon, Dr. : — The Merchant of Venice 



(Moon's Books for the Blind.) 
Mobley, J. C. (the Author): — Some 
singular Bequests ; Brief Memoir of 
Abraham Hume ; Newspaper Press and 
Periodical Literature of Liverpool. 
Morris, J. S. C. : — Business Directoi-y 

of London, 1887. 
Morton & Co. : — Illustrated Railway 

Guides, 12 pts. (3 copies) 
Municipality of Berlin : — Verwal- 
tungs-Bericht des Magistrats zu 
Berlin, 18S5-6. 
National Academy of Science : — Me- 
moirs, part 3. 
National Footpath Preservation 

Society : — 2nd Report. 
National Press Agency :— Mr. Glad- 
stone or Anarchy. 
National Society for Women's 

Suffrage : —Report. 

Nevins, J. B., m.d. : — U. S. Entomological 

Commission relating to the Rocky 

Mountains, Locust, &c.. Reports 1-3. 

New York General Society of 

Mechanics and Tradesmen : — Report, 

1887. 

Newcastle- upon -Tyne Public 

Library :— Catalogue of Books in the 

Juvenile Lending Department ; Lending 

Library Supplementary Catalogue , 1887 . 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne Exhibition : — 

Official Catalogue and Guide (2 vols.) 
New South Wales, The Agent General 
FOE : — Year Book of New South 
Wales, 1887. 
Nicholson Institution : — 2nd Annual 

Report. 
Norwegian Government :— Norwegian 
North- Atlantic Expedition , parts 1 7 and 
18 ; Norske Gradmaalingskommission : 
Vanstandsobservationer, Hefte 4. 
Nottingham Free Public Library: — 
Class List (No. 9) of Books in the 
Reference Library. 
Nottingham Mechanics' Institction :— 

History of, 1837-1887. 

Paris Municipal Council :— Conseil 

municipal de Paris : Proces verbaux, 

1884-5 (4 vols) ; Rapports et documents, 

1884 and 1885 (2 vols.) ; Budget de 

I'exercise, 1887 (1 vol.) ; Instructions 

pour le classement et le fonctionne- 

ment des bibliotheques municipales 

(1 vol.), avec list des ouvrages (3 pts.) 

P.\tton, J. M. .—Dance of Death. 

Peabody' Institute, Baltimore : — 

Catalogue, Part 3. 

Perry', Rev. S. J., s..i. :— Stonyhurst 

College Observatory : Results of 

Meteorological, &c.. Observations, 1886. 

Philadelphia National Academy of 

Sciences : — Proceedings. 
Philadelphia Corporation : — 2nd 
Annual Message of Wm. B. Smith. 



12 



Philipson and Golder, Messks. : — 
Chester Diocesan Calendar, 1887. 

PicTON, Sir James A. : — Address de- 
livered at the opening of the Br itish 
Archfeological Association ; Notes on 
the City Walls of Chester. 

Pitman, I.: — Leaves from a Note-book 
of Thomas Reed, 2 vols. ; Manual of 
Phonography ; Phonographic Reporter ; 
Phonographic Teacher ; Phonetic 
Journal, vol. 45 ; Phonography in the 
Office ; Tales and Sketches. 

Pope, W. : -Architects' Register, 1887. 
2 vols. 

PfiiCE, Rev. Thomas : — The case for 
Tithes simply stated. 

Rathbone, p. H., J. p. : — Prange's 
Estancia Company : Statistics. 

Richardson, B. W. : — Natural Selection 
for Science and Art. 

Ross, James : — Seymour's luheritacce 
and other Poems. (6 copies.) 

Royal Astronomical Society : — 
Monthly Notices, vol. 47, pt. 5. 

Royal Colonial Institute : — Proceed- 
ings, vol. 18. 

Royal Cornwall Polytechnic So- 
ciety : — 54th Report. 

Royal Dublin Society : — Transactions, 
vol. 3, parts 11-13. Proceedings, vol. 
S, parts 3-6. 

Royal Institution of British Archi- 
tects : — Transactions, vol. 3, New 
series, parts 2-3. Proceedings, vol. 4, 
New series, parts 1-5. Kalendar 1887-S, 
and General Conference of Architects, 
May, 1887. 

Royal Society of Canada : — Proceed- 
ings and Transactions, vols. 3 and 4. 

Royal Society of London : — Philo- 
sophical Transactions, vol. 77, pt. 2. 

Salkeld, R. N. : — Sketches. 

Sanitary Regi.stration Bills for 
1886-7. 

Seismological Society of Japan : — 
Transactions, vol. 10. 

Shields, W. : — The Final Philosophy. 

Sloan, J. M. : —The Sloan-Duployan 
Phonographic Instructor. 

Smith, Samuel, M. P. : — The Bi-Metallic 
System. 

Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 
U.S.A. ;— Annual Report, 1884-5 ; 
Bureau of Ethnology, 4th Annual 
Report ; Smithsonian Miscellaneous 
Collections, vols. 28-30. 

Society of Antiquaries of London : 
Proceedings, 2nd ser., vol. II, No. 3. 

Society of Antiquaries of Scotland : — 
Proceedings, vol. 20. 

Society of Engineers : — Transactions, 
1886. 

Soul, J. W : — Physiology. 2 vols. 



Stewart, Rev. W. E. : — The end of the 
Commandments. 

Stoess, Chevalier: — Records of the 
Liverpool International Exhibition, 
1886. 

Sutro, Theodore : — The Sutro Tunnel 
Company and the Sutro Tunnel. 

Sutton, C. W., Manchester Public 
Libraries : — Williamson's Liverpool 
Advertiser, Feb. 19th, 1762, 

Swan & Co., Messrs. : — Index to unclaim- 
ed Property. 

Swansea Public Library : — Catalogue 
of the "Deffet Francis" Collection. 

SydneyUniversityCollege : — Calendar, 
1887. 

Thomas, J. : — Liverpool Social Reformer ; 
History of the Temperance Movement ; 
Melinra, 7 vols ; The Whisky Demon ; 
World's Temperance Convention, 1846 ; 
with 32 other volumes. 

Tilley, R. H. : — American Genealogical 
Queries, 1887. 

Trinity College, London: — Calendar, 
1887-8. 

Trubner & Co. :— Dhatuvrttisara. 

Twining, Louisa : — Women's Work, 
Official and Un-official. 

United States Government : — Circulars 
of Information ; Census Returns, vols. 
12, 15, and 18 ; U. S. Coast & Geodetic 
Survey Report, 1885 ; Geological and 
Natural History Survey of Minnesota, 
13th and 14th Reports ; Special Report 
of the Bureau of Education. 

Vegetarian Society: — Ethics of Diet! 
Fruits and Farinacea ; Plea for Vege- 
tarianism ; and 11 other books. 

Vernon, Lady . — Dante Alighieri. 

Victoria, Agent General for : — Vic- 
torian Year Book, 1885-6. 

Victoria Patent Office : — Victoria 
Patents and Patentees, vol. 16, 1881. 

Wagner Free Institute of Science, 
Philadelphia : — Transactions, vol. 1. 

Walker, Rev. F. A.: — Oriental Eto- 
mology. 

White, W. (the Publisher) : — Insur- 
ance Register, 1887. 

WiGAN Free Public Library : — Biblio- 
graphy in the Reference Library. 

Winnipeg Board of Trade : — 8th 
Annual Report. 

Woodward, C. J. : — Arithmetical 
Physics. 

Wyman & Sons :— Royal Album of Arts 
and Industries of Great Britain. 

Young, A. M.:— In Pawn. 

ZiNCKE, F. B. (the Author) :— The Irish 
Difficulty (2 copies). 

Zoological Society of London : — 
Proceedings, 1886-7. Transactions, 
vol. 12. 



13 

FREE LECTURES. 



Lectures delivered from January to March, 1887. 
The Twenty-second Winter Course, consisting of forty lectures as 
specified below, was delivered in the Rotunda Lecture Hall from January 
3rd to March 10th, inclusive. 

Total Attendance : 49,868. Average : 1,246. 

Lecturers and Subjects : 

Abbott, Joseph, b.a. The Atmosphere and some of its Phenomena ; 
illustrated by Experiments. 

Adams, Rev. W. J. Common Sense : being a talk to Working Men. 

Alexander, A., f.r.g.s., Director, Liverpool Gymnasium. Physical 
Recreation for the Working Classes ; illustrated by themselves. 

Benas, Baron L., j.p. Popular Proverbs and Sayings. 

BiRCHALL, James. The Territorial Growth of Russia ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. (2 lectures.) 

BuRBiDGE, Rev. Canon. Pokers, general and particular : Thoughts on 
the World's Pioneers. 

CoGAN, J. D, Musical Sounds; with Musical and Experimental illus- 
trations. 

Conway, W. M., m.a., Roscoe Professor of Art, University College, 
Liverpool. The Palaces of Nineveh. Assurbanibal's Great Lion 
Hunt ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. (2 lectures.) 

Cortie, Rev. A. L,, s.j. Solar Flames; illustrated by the Oxy- 
hydrogen Light. 

Da VIES, Edward, f.c.s., f.i.c. Alcohol chemically considered ; illus- 
trated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Driffield, Vero C. Photography ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light, 



14 

Dyall, Charles, Curator, "Walker Art Gallery. On Wit, ITumonr, and 
Pathos in English Poetry. 

Ellison, Colonel C. 0. Pleasant Memories of a Tour through 
Belgium ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Gibson, E. J. Harvey, m.a., f.r.s.e., Demonstrator of Biology, Univer- 
sity College, Liverpool. Our Common Food Plants. The Cotton 
Plant : its History and Commercial Value ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. (2 lectures.) 

Hancox, John, Chief Superintendent of City Police. Police Recollec- 
tions within the last Forty Years : Street Cries, Musicians, Vocalists, 
Beggars, &c. 

Herdman, Dr. W. A., f.r.s.e., p.l.s., Professor of Natural History, 
University College, Liverpool. The Great Depths of the Ocean and 
their Inhabitants ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Jeffs, Osmund W. Lakes and their Origin ; illustrated by the Oxy- 
hydrogen Light. 

Johnson, Richard C, f.r.s.a. Application of the Spectroscope to 
Astronomy ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Jones, Rev. W. Henry. Finland and its People: their Manners, 
Customs, Stories, and Music ; illustrated by Diagrams, &c. 

JuDE, W. H., Principal, Liverpool Organ School. Musical Pictures ; 
with Vocal and Instrumental illustrations. 

Lodge, Dr. Oliver, Professor of Physics, University College, Liverpool. 
On the Tides ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

LoGEMAN, W. S. Shakespere in the 16th and 19th Centuries ; illus- 
trated by the Oxyhydi-ogen Light. 

MacCunn, John, m.a.. Professor of Philosophy and Political Economj', 
University College, Liverpool. The Consumption of Wealth. 

MacKay, J. M., M.A., Professor of History, University College, Liver- 
pool. The Pioneers of the English Marine, 



15 

Rathbone, p. H., j.p. How Cities were made Beautiful in the Olden 
Time, and may be again, as illustrated by the Gallery of Casts ; 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Kendall, G. H., m.a., Principal, University College, Liverpool. Death ' 
and after Death to Greeks and Romans ; illustrated by the Oxyhydro- 
gen Light. 

RiGBY, Rev. E. A., s.j.. Professor of Physics, Stonyhurst College. 
How and why we breathe. Corals and Coral Reefs ; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. (2 lectures.) 

Shaw, H. S. Hele, Professor of Engineering, University College, 
Liverpool. James Watt and the invention of the Steam Engine. 
George Stephenson and the introduction of Railways ; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. (2 lectures.) 

Somervell, Robert, b.a. Work and Trade, good and bad. 

Strong, Herbert A., m.a., ll.d.. Professor of Latin, University 
College, Liverpool. Fields of Emigration in the Southern Hemi- 
sphere ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Stubbs, Captain Edward, r.n. Our Lighthouses and Lightships; 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Thompson, Isaac C, p.b.m.s. A Holiday in the Pyrenees ; illustrated 
by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Veitch, James, m.a. The Life and Works of Robert Burns ; illus- 
trated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. (2 lectures). 

Williams, Ret. S. Fletcher. Simon de Montfort and the first 
House of Commons. 

Lectures delivered during October, November, and 
December, 1887. 

Two Courses of four lectures each, and one Course of eight lectures, 
were delivered in the Rotunda Lecture Hall, from October 17th to Decem- 
ber 5th inclusive. 

Total attendance at the three Courses : 12, -339. Average: 771. 



16 

Lectueers and Subjects : 

Four lectures ou " The Art of Sculpture," by John A. P. MacBride, 
Sculptor. 

Total Attendance : 2,581. Average : 645. 

Four Lectures on " The American Constitution of 1788," by J. K. 
Stephen, m.a,, Barrister-at-Law. 

Total Attendance : 2,480. Average : 620. 

Eight Lectures on " The Structure and Functions of the Human 
Body," by the following Professors and Lecturers of University College, 
Liverpool, viz. : — W. Mitchell Banks, m.d., f.r.c.s.. Professor of 
Anatomy; Alexander Barron, m,b., cm., Demonstrator of Pathology; 
KiCHARD Caton, M.D., M.R.C.P., Professor of Physiology ; K. J. Harvey 
Gibson, m.a., f.b.s.e.. Demonstrator of Biology; Dr. W. A. Herdman, 
F.R.S.E., F.L.S., Professor of Natural History ; E. W. Hope, m.d., d.sc, 
Lecturer on Hygiene, and Assistant Medical Officer of Health for Liver- 
pool ; F. T. Paul, f.r.c.s., Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence; 
H. S. Hele Shaw, m.i.c.e., Professor of Engineering. 

Total Attendance : 7,278. Average : 909. 



LENDING LIBRARIES. 



Table L — General Statistics : — 



Volumes lent 

New Tickets issued 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Eeaders on the books 

Books lost or injured, and paid for 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn . . 
Volumes worn out — replaced .... 

Volumes added 

Total vols, in Libraries 



North 
Library. 



South 
Library. 



North 
Library. 



20,3. 
2. 

2! 
1. 
4. 



23 



200 
029 

388 

928 

388 

15 

272 
406 
632 

,505 



202,071 
2,276 
2,121 
2,038 
4,467 
24 

77 

751 

670 

23,204 



405,271 
4, .305 
4,509 
3,966 
8,855 
39 

349 

1,157 

1,302 

46,709 



202,652 
2,005 
2,311 
2,080 
4,287 
21 

650 

534 

428 

2.3,145 



South 
Library. 



180,910 

2,194 

1,953 

2,097 

4,229 

11 

4 

419 

526 

450 

22,611 



383,562 

4,199 

4,264 

4,177 

8,516 

32 

4 

969 

1,060 

878 

45,756 



I 



17 



Table II. — Showinp; the Classification of Volumes Lent and Added: 



Theology 

Natural Philosophy 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

Historj' and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities .... 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce and Political Economy 
Education, Languages, and Logic 

Poetry and the Drama 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics 

Books for the Blind 

Total 



Volumes Lent 




Vol 


umes Added 




North 


South 




North 


South 1 




Library. 


Library. 


Total. 


Library. 


Library. 1 




3,281 


3,081 


6, .362 


11 


9 ! 


20 


•2,875 


2,893 


5,768 


14 


30 1 


44 


2,260 


1,805 


4,065 


17 


15 1 


32 


9,18.) 


8,407 


17,592 


99 


93 1 


192 


8,241 


8,800 


17,041 


78 


71 


149 


822 


994 


1,816 


16 


12 


28 


5,115 


5,720 


10,8.35 


19 


20 


39 


11,598 


12,176 


23,774 


93 


128 


221 


278 


215 


493 


4 


4 


8 


G21 


443 


1,064 


8 


5 


13 


1,434 


1,253 


2,687 


— 


1 


1 


1,.349 


1,017 


2,366 


11 


13 


24 


1.55,883 


154,902 


310,785 


262 


239 


501 


203 


290 


493 


— 


— 


— 


55 


75 


130 


— 


30 i 


30 


203,200 


202,071 


405,271 


632 


670 i 


1,302 



BRANCH EVENING READING ROOMS. 



Place. 
Chatsworth Street Board School 

Low Hill School 

Queen's Eoad Board School 
Stanley Road Board School 
Wellington Eoad School ... 



Total 





Average 


Attendance. 


per night 


26,408 


88 


13,780 


46 


19,198 


64 


27.646 


92 


19,232 


64 



106,264 



354 



MUSEUM. 



The Committee have to record a valuable presentation from Mr. Frederick 
Taylor, of Rainhill, of a Collection of Humming Birds, with handsome 
case and accessories, as a Jubilee gift. 



A Collection of Skins from Palestine, India, &c., formed by the late 
Mr. Hugh Heywood Jones, have been presented by his family. The 
particulars will be found below. 



18 

A Collection of Skins and Horns of Large Game Animals from tlie 
Caucasus, specially collected and presented by Mr. St. George Littledale, 
as recorded below. 

Tbe Museum possesses a large number of skins, in part from the original 
Derby Collection, whicb have since been added to. In stuffing and 
preparing these for exhibition attention is being paid to the pictorial 
grouping and natural surroundings, as will be seen further on. 

The Circulating Museum Collections, for educational purposes in 
schools, introduced by the Eev. H. H. Higgins, have been attended with 
great success. A letter of acknowledgment to that effect is given 
below. 



Visitors to Museum. 
The Visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows :- 





1887. 


1886. 




(21.5 Days.) 


(212 Days.i 


Total Visitors in the year. . 


.. 2,5.5,616 


3.57,916 


Weekly Average . . 


4,915 


6,88:i 


Daily Average 


1,188 


1.688 



The great and unusual Jubilee attractions in Manchester and other 
places have had an adverse influence on the spring and summer visitors 
to the Museum as well as to Liverpool in general. 

The numbers, however, compare favourably with those of the British 
Museum of Natural History in London, for the duily average in 1886, as 
gathered from the Return to the House of Commons, dated May 10th, 
1887, amounted to 1,234, while the daily average to this Museum 
amounted to 1,688 for the same period. 

The number of Special Visitors has considerably increased, and includes 
a larger number of Scientific Travellers, Museum Curators, and American 
and Continental Professors, than in any previous period, to inspect the 
collections, arrangements, methods, and appliances. 



19 

clkculating museum collections for schools and other 
Educational Purposes. 

The following letter testifies to the educational value of these 
collections : — 

LIVEEPOOL AND DISTRICT TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION, 

68, Berkley Street, Lverpool, 

February 3rd, 1888. 

To the Liverpool Museum Suh-ConvmUtee. 

Gentlemen, 

At the last monthly meeting of the above Association, held on January 28th, 
a motion was unanimously passed to the effect that a letter should be written, 
thanking you on behalf of the Teachers for the valuable Circulating Museum 
you have provided, and expressing their appreciation of the great help and 
value of such a means of instruction. It was mentioned, as a proof of the 
usefulness of the boxes of objects, that scholars were set thinking and 
enquiring, so that they have proved a real aid to teaching. 

We should be glad indeed to get them oftener, since they have been so 
helpful and interesting. 

Our own School Museums are very useful to us, but necessarily limited, 
and the Circulating Museum supplies us with very many objects quite out of 
our reach. The boxes are a reminder of the large collection in the William 
Brown Street Museum, and many of our scholars have thus been induced to 
visit it. 

We believe the Circulating Museum is doing a good .work, and we feel we 
owe you a deep debt of gratitude for so kindly providing it. 

I am. Gentlemen, 

Yours obediently, 

JOHN W. WOOD, 

Secretary. 

These cabinet collections, small and limited in number, but specially 
selected and arranged, are lent in certain order, and usually for a month 
at a time, to Elementary Schools within the boundaries of the City. 
Duplicate specimens are also lent from time to time, on application, for 
special object lessons by Teachers and for other educational purposes. 



20 

An increase in the number of children and young persons, evidently 
resulting from the use of the Circulating Collections, has long been 
noticed, especially on Saturdays. 

Several meetings of the Geological Association, for lecture purposes 
in the Museum, have taken place on Saturday afternoons by arrangement, 
and have been addressed by their own members, by the Eev. H. H. 
Higgins, Mr. F. P. Marrat, and the Curator. 

Students from the Training College, Mount Pleasant, from Wallasey 
Grammar School, and children from various schools, have made special 
visits of inspection to the Museum. 

The Cooke Bequest of British Lepidoptera. 

Dr. J. W. Ellis has kindly continued his services in re-arranging this 
valuable collection, successive drawers of which are exhibited at the 
monthly meetings of the Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society, 
which take place within the building. 

Pictorial Groups. 

The mounting of stuffed specimens, so as to show, where possible, the 
male, female, and young with natural surroundings, and artistically dis- 
played, was commenced in the Museum as far back as 1865 with a group 
of the Common Bald Coot. Other groups have been similarly mounted 
from time to time for several years past. Among the latest are Pictorial 
groups of the Common Pheasant, Gold and Amherst Pheasants, the 
Talegalla or so-called Brush Turkey, and other Mound-making Birds of 
Australia, New Guinea, and neighbouring islands ; (birds which leave 
their eggs to incubate by the heat produced by the decaying vegetable 
matter of which the mounds are more or less composed) ; groups of 
Guillemots and other Sea-birds ; also Chamois and Ibexes from the 
Caucasus, and examples of all the so-called Flying Mammals. Such 
groups arrest the attention, give life to a collection, and add greatly to 
the instructiveness of the specimens so displayed. 

Several of these, as also other objects of interest, and recent acquisi- 
tions, have been exhibited at the meetings and the Soiree of the 
Associated Societies of Liverpool. 



21 

The Austin Collection of Fossil Crinoids has been carefully arranged, 
and has proved of greater scientific value and interest even than was 
anticipated. 

A. room devoted to Fish Amphibia and Reptiles and the Phillip's 
Collection of Minerals is being re-arranged, and will shortly be ready for 
exhibition. 

Loans. 

A group of Harp Seals from Newfoundland, presented by Mr. C. T. 
Bowriug, Arctic Foxes, Moose and Walrus Heads, &c., Northern Shells 
and Crustacea illustrating Life in High Latitudes ; Oil Paintings of 
Bison, Moose, Wapiti, &c., by Catlin ; and a series of Mounted Photo- 
graphic Views of Melbourne in 1862, were lent to the Liverpool Jubilee 
Exhibition. 

Exchanges. 

A series of Fossil Plants, specimens of Coal, &c., from the Miocene 
Hocks of the Arctic Regions, collected chiefly in Greenland, by Mr. 
E. Whymper, received from the British Museum of Natural History ; 
also a small Marsupial animal (Podabrus) from the same. 

The Skull of a Tiger, from the Liverpool School of Medicine. 

A Dwarf Parrot {Nasiterna pusio) from New Britain, from the Rev. 
Canon Tristram. 

Living specimens of the Menopome (Cryptobranchus alleghaniensis), 
and six Terrapins (Eviys HolbrooJci .^) for the Aquaria, fi.-om Mr. Eugene 
Blackford, New York Fish Commission, in exchange for living specimens 
of the Common Sole, sent to America with a view to naturalization. 



Donations. 

Three living full-coloured Gold Carp or Telescope Fish (Camssiiis 
auratus), with trifid tails and projecting eyes, brought from Shanghai ; 
presented by Mr. D. Alexander. 



22 

Specimens of Fossil Sponges (Hexactinellida, Lithistma aud Calcarea) : 
a case of Parasites in recent Sponges, &c. ; selected as type specimens for 
tne teaching series of Sponges ; presented by Mr. H. J. Carter, F.R.S., 
per Mr, Thos. Higgiu, F.L.S. 

Seven Cock Pheasants and five Hen Pheasants (one assuming the 
plumage of the male), from the Knowsley preserves, for a pictorial group; 
presented by the Earl of Derby, per Mr, G-. C. Hale, 

A large specimen of the Lump Sucker Fish {Cyclopterus lumpus) and 
a Northen Stone Crab {Lithodes maia) ; presented by Mr, Councillor J. 
Duncan. 

A specimen of Shale or Cannel Coal from the Brackenridge range of 
mountains, Kentucky ; presented by Mr, C. J. English. 

Four small Gorgonias from West Africa ; presented by Mr. P. 
Entwistle. 

An Insect Cocoon, in gum, from Oregon ; presented by Mr. J. Harris 
Gibson. 

A Calcareous deposit taken fi-om a water pipe in a colliery shaft in 
Flintshire, in 18S6 ; presented by Mr, Henry Hall, Inspector of Mines, 

A series of Fungi collected in the vicinity of Liverpool, by the 
Rev. Henry H. Higgins, and presented by him to this Museum. The 
series occupies twelve drawers, and was in 1858 deposited by the 
Collector for Exhibition in the Museum of the Liverpool Royal 
Institution. 

Specimens of Fish and Crustacea"from Buenos Ayres ; presented by 
Mr. Councillor R, Hamilton. 

A specimen of the Half-beak Fish {Hemiramjjlms) ; collected and 
presented by Capt. Hening, s.s. Rosse, per Mr. H. C, Beasley. 

A Rare Insect (Deittacric^a megacephala) from New Zealand ; collected 
and presented by Mr. Harry P. Higginson, C.E., per Mr. H. B. Higginson. 



23 

Specimens of Fossil Bivalve Shells (Anthrocosia robusta) from Newton 
Colliery ; collected and presented by Mr, John Housley. 

Specimens of Bismuth, Magnesium, and Foliated Zinc ; presented by 
Messrs. Johnson & Co. 

A Collection of one hundred and sixty Skins of Birds, and three small 
Mammals, chiefly from Palestine; collected by the late Mr. Hugh 
Heywood Jones, and presented by Mr. B. Heywood Jones on behalf of 
the family. 

The Collection consists of 160 unstuffed skins, chiefly of perching 
birds and birds of prey. It comprises examples of most of the 
characteristic birds of Western Palestine, as well as of species whose 
range extends to India, to Egypt and other parts of Africa, and to 
Britain, thus illustrating among birds several peculiarities of the Palestine 
fauna. These are due to the unparalleled physical conditions of 
wilderness, mountainous ranges, and the deep gorge of the Dead Sea, 
whose surface is nearly 1,300 feet below the ordinary sea level, the 
deepest depression on the earth's surface. 

Mr. Hugh Jones made collections in Palestine in 1880 and 1881, and 
again in 1885. Of the first and second he had already given selections. 
These, with the birds now received, include all that he obtained in the 
three expeditions, whose primary object was to study the Ornithology 
of the country. 

Beside the birds above referred to, three small Palestine Mammals 
have been received with them. One or two larger species were pre- 
viously given by Mr. Jones from his earlier expeditions to that country. 

A few skins of birds from India, Madeira, and the Isle of Lewis, 
collected by him, have also been given with the above. 

All the specimens have been carefully labelled with the place and 
date of capture, and, in the 1885 collection, with still further particulars 
of colour of feet, eyes, &c., at time of capture, adding materially 
to the scientific value of the specimens. 



24 

Mr. Hugh Jones was a liberal donor to the Museum. Among his gifts 
may be mentioned a series of Hyrax from Palestine, a series of small 
Mammals collected in Wyoming, and of heads and horns of large game 
shot by himself during his various excursions to the Himalayas, 
Cachmere, and Thibet, where he made numerous graphic sketches of 
the scenes he visited and the game he met with. These sketches have 
been copied and printed, and a set has been given for use in the 
Museum when the di-awings may serviceably illustrate the specimens 
collected on these excursions. 

Three skins of the Ollen Stag and one pair of horns ; two adult male 
Tur Ibex skins and skulls, and one skin of female, and skeleton ; one 
Bear skin and skeleton, and two young Bear skins : two Chamois skins, 
male and female, and skulls ; all specially collected in the Caucasus in 

1886 for the Museum, and presented by Mr. St. George Littledale. 

The skull and horns of an Ollen Stag, the skin and skull of a young 
Chamois, and the skin and skull of a Wild Boar ; specially collected in 
the Caucasus in 1887 for the Museum, by Mr. St. George Littledale. 

A bottle of specimens of Lamp Shells (Waldhcimia) from Sydney 
Harbour, N. S. W. ; presented by Professor A . Liversidge, University of 
Sydney. 

Specimens of Bats from Cape Coast Castle ; presented by Major C. B. 
Lyster, per Mr. Frank Archer. 

A Hoopoe, a Bee-Eater, a Sand-Grouse, three other Bird Skins, and 
a collection of Shells from St. Augustine's Bay, Madagascar ; presented by 
Mr. Hugh McCubbin. 

Specimens of Ear Shells (Haliotis Cahfornianus and Haliotis 
Kamschatka), and a specimen of Antimony, from Borneo ; presented by 
Mr. F. P. Marrat. 

A Stoat in Ermine dress, shot at Noctorum, Cheshire, January 29th, 

1887 ; presented by Mr. John Merry. 

A case of Gardeners' Insect Friends, and a case of Gardeners' Insect 
Foes, with popular descriptions and illustrations of their life history ; 
prepared and presented by Mr. S. L. Mosley. 



25 

Twenty-one plates of Radiolaria, from the " Challenger " Reports ; 
presented by Mr. John Murray, F.R.S. 

A collection of Birds and Beetles from Bechuana Land, between 
Kuruman and the Table River ; presented by R. W. P. 

Two living young Alligators {Alligator Mississippiensis) from 
Savannah; presented by Capt. E. Parry. 

Three pieces of Fossil Fish Teeth (Ceratodus) from Aust CliflF, 
Bristol ; presented by Mr. Spencer George Percival. 

Fore and hind feet of a Rein Deer, showing their peculiar adaptation; 
presented by Mr. Councillor J. Ruddin. 

A living Northern Stone Crab {LitJiodes maia) from Ayr, Scotland ; 
presented by Mr. Fred. Saunby. 

A specimen of Peripatas from Demerara ; collected and presented by 
Mr. W. L. Sclater, F.L.S. An Insect " of very great zoological interest, 
as lying near one of the main stems of the great zoological family tree." — 
Mosley, Philosophicul Transactions, 1874. 

A Convolvulus Hawk Moth (Sphinx convolvtUi) caught in the Botanic 
Garden ; presented by Mr. Charles Sherry. 

Specimens of Sulphide of Molybdenum, from Australia ; presented by 
Mr. Alexander Sparrow. 

Specimens of Distoma hepaticiun (Liver Fluke of sheep) ; Larvae of 
(Estrus ovis (Bot Fly from the sinus of the skull of sheep) ; Larvae of 
Tania ccenurus, causing staggers in sheep ; Worms from sheep and 
lambs from flocks in Uruguay ; an Ant's Nest and seven Agates in the 
rough from Uruguay ; collected and presented by Mr. W. P. Steer. 

A Longicoru Beetle (Stenocorus), and the Larva of a species of Goat 
Moth {Cossus), with their borings in oak staves, from Quebec ; presented 
by Mr. J. A. Sutton. 

The Taylor collection of Humming Birds, comprising about 150 
specimens, grouped in a large polished walnut and plate glass case with 



26 

glaeed drawers and accessories ; presented as a Jubilee gift by Mr. 
Frederick Taylor, of Rainbill, together with coloured drawing by Gould, 
and a portrait by Ferranti ; also two drawers of Bird-catchiug and other 
Spiders from the collection of the late Mr. Melly. 

Also by the same donor, fifteen skins of Humming Birds, specially 
procured for adding to the above collection ; and two male and two female 
Trap-Door Spiders, and three nests of the same ; obtained from Jamaica 
for the Museum. 

A collection of three species of small Gorgonias, from the West Coast 
of Africa ; presented by Mr. Charles Teare. 

Two young Alligators {Alligatur Mississippiensis), for the Aquaria ; 
presented by Mr. Teare. 

A living pale-coloured Gold Carp (Carassins auratus), with trifid tail, 
brought from San Francisco ; presented by Capt. R. H. TuUoch. 

A fine specimen of a Fruit Bat from Yokohama, Japan ; presented by 
Mr. W. Walker, per Mr. Walthew. 

A Sclavonian Grebe (Podiceps auritus), and a Golden Eye Duck 
(Clangula glaucion), shot and presented by Mr. Thomas West. 

The larva of a longicorn Beetle (Acanthophorus), found in sawdust on 
the ship "Dardanus " from Ceylon ; presented by Mr. Thomas Whelan. 

The Skull, Horns, and Jaws of a Flat-horned Buffalo from West 
Africa, presented by Mr. W. A. Ring. 

Purchases. 

The principal purchases have been as follows : — 

A large stuffed specimen of the Black-faced Kangaroo {Macropu$ 
melanops), a Canadian Lynx, and two Snowy Owls. 

A male Gold Pheasant and two Hybrids (male and female), between 
the Gold and Amherst Pheasants, bred in captivity, and mounted in a 
Pictorial Group. 



27 

An adult male Goosander {Merrjas merganser). 

A group of Hedgehogs, male, female, and five young ones, pictorially 
mounted. 

Mounted skeletons of two large American Amphibians (Amphiuma 
tridactyla and Sirenia lacertina), skin and skull of Desman or My gale 
from Kussia, and a series of sixteen selected skulls of Mammalia, and 
nine of Reptiles, for the Osteological Collection. 

A case of specimens, with Notes and Drawings, illustrating the Life 
History of the "Hessian Fly" {Cecidomyia destructor). 

Two rare Crustaceans {Thalassma scorpiotioides and Acanthopus 
planissimus). 

Two rare Gorgonias or Sea-Fans. 

A Fossil Polyzoon {Chalcites septosus). 

A large foliated Sponge. 

Enlarged Glass Models, by Blaschka of Dresden, of the Microscopic 
Structure of Hexactinellid Sponges. 

Selected Specimens of Napoleonite, Precious Opal, Calamine, Blende, 
Frankliuite, Cupro-Uranite, Calcite, Turgite, Libethenite, Azurite, 
Malachite, and other Minerals. 

Living Local Marine and Freshwater Specimens for the Aquaria. 



MAYER MUSEUM. 



During the past year the collections of Ethnography and Armour 
were lent to the Royal Jubilee Exhibition, Liverpool. The Ethno- 
graphical Collection formed the principal exhibit in the Exploration 
Courts ; and the Armour a corresponding exhibit to Lord Londes- 
borough's in the War Trophies Court. The Armour Collection is now 
in course of re -arrangement, and is being thoroughly cleaned. The 



28 

Ethnographical Collection, owing to there being insufficient room for its 
exhibition in the Museum, has been carefully stored away in cabinets 
of easy access prorided for that purpose. 

Donations. 

Napoleon Medal, " Conquest of Germany ;" presented by Mr. Thomas 
Harries. 

Pottery Box, painted by William Fifield, a Bristol Enamel painter ; 
presented by Mr. Spencer George Perceval. 

Salt-glazed Dish ; presented by Mr. John Spencer. 

Seven Carnelian Amulets, in form of Arrow-heads ; presented by Mr. 
E. Bidwell. 

Two Jubilee Medals, 1887 ; presented by Mr. F. T. Turton. 

Exchanges. 

Seven duplicate pieces of Wedgwood Ware, in exchange for forty-five 
specimens of Wedgwood Ware, new to the collection. 

A duplicate Egyptian figure of Seti I., in exchange for a blue porce- 
lain figure of Pinotem II., found at Dayr-el-Bahari. 

Loan. 

Specimens of the various Coins of Great Britain, Ireland, India, and 
the Colonies, struck during the reign of Queen Victoria ; lent by Mr. 
James O'Byrne. 

Purchases. 

Silver Medal, " Circus Street School, Class of Honour, 1806, Liverpool, 
No. 5, given to Mary Lewis." 

Salt-glazed stoneware Jug. 

Dancing Mask from Ceylon. 



29 

Selection of Arrow-heads, Bronze Implements, kc, &c., from Pena 
Blanca, North Chili. 

Flint-lock Pistol, highly inlaid with gold ; Italian late 17th Century. 

Teapot and Cream Jug, made by Elijah Mayer. 

Photograph of a Soudan Arab. 

Two Necklaces and Armlets ; from the Soudan. 

Two Breast Ornaments of Shell ; from the Admiralty Islands. 

Specimens of Feathery Quartz, Crystal Ball, Paris Diamond, and 
Imitation Topaz, Beryl, and Ruby. 

Group of Ethnological Objects, from Somali Land, specially obtained 
by Dr. Godfrey Thrupp for the Exploration Court, Royal Jubilee 
Exhibition, Liverpool, and recently exhibited there, viz. : Two Circular 
Hide Shields, Grass Mat, Water Bottles, Pottery Vessel, Food Bowls, 
Stool, Sandals, Sword and Sheath, Whips, Spoons, Apron, and Spears. 

Lancaster Jubilee Medal, 1887. 

Fifty-three Engravings, illustrative of Captain Cook's Voyages. 

Copies of Helmet and Shield of Henry IV of France ; originals in 
the Louvre. 



WALKER ART GALLERY. 



During the year the Gallery has been open on 292 days, and closed for 
cleaning and other purposes on 21 days. The total number of visitors 
was 416,820, or a daily average attendance of 1,427. Included in the 
above total are 55,428 visitors to the Autumn Exhibition, and 9,693 
pupils of schools of various denominations admitted free. 

An Exhibition of illustrations of the works of Raphael was held in the 
gallery during the months of April, May, June, and July. It included 



30 

over 400 examples (reproduced as Autotypes, Photographs, Etchings, and 
Oil Paintings) of Kaphael's works, contributed by the Authorities of 
the Liverpool University, Mr. Enoch Harvey, Mr. Philip Henry Rathbone, 
Mr. A. B. Dunsford, Messrs. Elkington & Co., and the Liverpool Corpo- 
ration. These were classed under the Umbrian, Florentine, and Roman 
periods. 

The Exhibition was collected and arranged by Professor Conway, who 
also prepared a Catalogue which contains not only the titles of the works 
exhibited, but a complete list of all the Artist's known works. 

The Liver Society of Artists held their Exhibition in the Gallery during 
the month of April, and during May and June, the Liverpool Society of 
Water-Colour Painters also held their Exhibition in the Gallery. 

The Committee contributed to the Liverpool Jubilee Exhibition a 
collection of 18 models of Castles, Abbeys, &c. 

The Committee lent the following pictures during the year : — 

To the Manchester Jubilee Exhibition: — " Julian the Apostate," by E. 
Armitage, k.a. ; "Saving the Guns," by R. Caton Woodville; "The 
Evening of the Battle of Waterloo," by Ernest Crofts, A.R.A. ; and "The 
Castle Rock, Cumberland," by Clarence Whaite, R. W. S. 

The following pictures were lent to the Jubilee Exhibition at Saltaire : — 
" Trial of the Earl of Strafford." by W. Fisk; " Nature's Mirror, by 
Peter Ghent : " The Ante-Chamber at Whitehall during the last moments 
of Charles II," by E. M. Ward, R.A. 

The Committee also at the request of the Artist contributed a pictui-e 
by W. L. Picknell, entitled " Wintry March," to the American Exhibition, 
held in London. 

The Arts Committee at Manchester reciprocated by lending to the 
Committee : — 

" The Good Samaritan," by G. F. Watts, R.A. ; " The Ides of March," 
by E. J. Poynter, r.a. ; and " Eve Tempted," by R. Spencer Stanhope. 

Two Soirees were held during the year. 

The Congress of the British Archaeological Association, holding their 
meeting in Liverpool, in August, were invited by the Committee on the 
J 9th of that month to a Conversazione, which was largely attended. 



31 

A similar entertainment was given to close the Autumn Exhibition of 
Pictures, on Monday, December 5th, which was attended by the local 
Artists and many leading Citizens. 

A large number continue to attend the Gallery for the purpose of 
study, and during the year 38 new students have applied for and obtained 
permission to copy. 

In November Mr. Charles Langton, j.p., deposited in the Gallery, on 
loan, his Collection of Oil and Water Colour Paintings for a period of 
six months. 

This collection is of great interest, and includes fine examples of the 
works of De Wint, Copley Fielding, Sam Prout, David Cox, r.a., David 
Roberts, b.a., E. W. Cooke, r.a., C. Stanfield, r.a., T. Sidney Cooper, 
R.A., T. M. Richardson, George Fripp, George Morland, and others. 

In December the Committee granted an application from Messrs. 
Dowdeswell and Sons, to rent some of the principal rooms for an 
exhibition of the works of the celebrated Russian Artist, Verestchagin. 
The Exhibition was opened on Saturday, December 17th, when Mr. 
Verestchagin gave a reception, which was attended by a large number of 
the elite of the City. 

An application to rent some of the rooms has also been granted to the 
Liverpool Amateur Photographic Association, for an International 
Exhibition of Photography and Photographic Appliances, to be held from 
the ;-ird to the 17th March. 

The Committee have also granted the Association the free use of the 
rooms for the purpose of a Conversazione to inaugurate the Exhibition. 

IjIst of Works added to the Permanent Collection. 

Donations — 

Oil Paintings : 
" Shooting Party in the Highlands— Halting for Lunch," by Richard 
Ansdell, r.a. ; presented by 0. Omerod Walker, Esq., and Capt. Edgar 
J. Garston, r.a. 



82 

" Samson," by Solomon J. Solomon : presented as a Jubilee Gift by 
James Harrison, Esq. 

Engraving, &c. : 
" Lady Godiva " (signed proof), after Van Lerius. 

The Pediment of St. George's Hall, designed by C. R. Cockerell, b.a. ; 
presented by Mrs. Frederick Cockerell, per Jos. Boult, Esq., f.r.i.b.a. 

Sculpture : 
Plaster Bust of the late Canon Hume, l.l.d., d.c.l., by E. E. 
Geflowski ; presented by the Rev. J. Mansell. 

Marble Bust of the late John Foster, Surveyor to the Corporation, by 
William Spence ; presented by William Oulton, Esq., .j.p. 

Marble Group, illustrating the Parable of the wise and foolish Virgins, 
by Rinaldi ; bequeathed by the late Daniel Busby. 



Purchases — 

The Pediment of St. George's Hall (Lithograph), designed by C. R. 
Cockerell, R.a. 

" The Accusation " (Water Colour), by Jas. Shaw Crompton; purchased 
from the Spring Exhibition of the Liverpool Society of Water Colour 
Painters. 

The following works were purchased from the 17th Autumn 
Exhibition of Pictures : — 

Oil Paintings : 
" An Encore Too Many," by Francis Barraud. 

" Pelagia and Philammon," by Arthur Hacker. 

" The Bow-Net," by T. F. Goodall. 



33 

" The "White Lady of Nuremberg," by Wyke Bayliss, r.b.a. 

" Peonies," by C. E. Perugini. 

Terka-Cotta Busts : 
" The Good Husband" and " The Happy Wife," by Miss Mary Redmond, 



Autumn Exhibition of Picturks. 



Number of Pictures and other Works 
of Art Exhibited 

Number of Pictures sold 

Amount realized by sales 

Season Tickets sold 

Admissions at One Shilling 

,, Sixpence 

,, Threepence 

Catalogues sold 

Commission on sales 

Miscellaneous Receipts 

Total Receipts, exclusive of sales . 



1887. 



1,279 
181 

1,256 
17,775 
15,597 
20,800 
10,214 



4,791 19 

216 4 

888 15 

389 IS 6 

2fiO 

371 2 3 

185 3 9 

18 11 

2,329 14 6 



1886. 



1,279 
224 

1,831 
22,941 
15,908 
26,70.3 
18,628 



£ s. d. 

8,570 IS 

302 10 

1,147 1 

397 14 

333 15 y 

434 9 

830 13 9 

30 19 7 

2,989 3 7 



The following table will be read with interest :- 



35 



APPENDIX. 



KEPORT OF THE DISTRICT LIBRARIES AND READING 
ROOMS SUB-COMMITTEE. 



In accordance with the following resolution of the Library, Museum, 
and Arts Committee of the 2nd December, 1886, 

" That a Sub-Committee consisting of six members to be designated 
the District Libraries and Reading Rooms Sub-Committee, be appointed 
to direct and superintend all matters connected with the management 
of the North and South Lending Libraries, or any other branch 
libraries and reading rooms that may hereafter be established in 
connexion with the Central or Reference Library, and that with the 
object of bringing the district libraries more into harmony with the Central 
Library, the Sub-Committee report to this Committee whether the 
district libraries are now capable, or could be rendered so by structural 
alterations, of beiug utilized in the two-fold capacity of reading rooms 
and circulating libraries, and generally as to any improvement the 
Sub-Committee may deem desirable, in order to maintain the present 
efficiency or future development of the district libraries." 

The Chairman of the Sub-Committee — Mr. Hall, Mr. Lunt, and the 
Librarian, have visited the Evening Reading Rooms and the Lending 
Libraries, and in regard to the latter have given special attention as to 
what structural alterations would be required to establish Public Reading 
Rooms in connexion with them, open both day and evening ; and the 
notes made during this visit, with various suggestions, are embodied in 
the following report. 

The great popularity of the Reading Rooms of the Central Library, 
and the success which has attended the recent establishment of the five 
branch evening reading rooms, together with the success which has 
accompanied the establishment of reading rooms in connexion with the 



36 

lending libraries of Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, and other large 
towns, give every assurance that similar rooms attached to the North 
and South Lending Libraries of this city would be attended with equal 
Ijopularity and success. Since the opening of the Central Reference 
Library, the growth of the city on the North, South, and East, has been 
immense, yet so far, no branch reading rooms, other than the somewhat 
inconvenient schoolrooms for the perusal of newspapers and periodicals 
from 6 to 9-30 p.m., have been established in the midst of these 
densely populated districts. 

The North Library, situated in Great Nelson Street, is a long narrow 
room, 75 feet by 17. The front portion (coloured red on plan), 
35 feet in length, is used as a reception room for readers coming to 
exchange their library books. The back portion (coloured yellow on 
plan), with gallery and small adjoining room, are used for the storage of 
library books. It has been thought that by removing the projecting wing 
book-cases on the ground floor, and withdrawing entirely from the library 
some ten thousand volumes, equal to the number of volumes now stored 
on the ground floor in that part of the library coloured yellow on plan 
already referred to, this space, 39 feet by 17, might be used for a reading 
room. This would obviously be a small room for the purpose desired ; 
and whether the gain of such a room by the sacrifice of so many volumes, 
and the increased difficulty of working the library, which would follow 
from having nearly all the books stored on the gallery, is a matter for 
serious consideration. 

With regard to the South Library in Upper Parliament Street, there is 
little or no doubt either as to what is best to be done or how it is to be 
carried out. This library being situated at a much greater distance from 
the Central Library than the North Branch, may be said on this account 
to deserve priority of consideration in the establishment of a public reading 
room. As this distance, particularly in the winter time, must do much to 
prevent readers residing in this locality from visiting the Central Library, 
a reading room here would, it is thought, do much to satisfy and promote 
a taste for reading and study, and if made cheerful and comfortable, prove 
a valuable counter-attraction to places of a less worthy character. 

The South Library premises are held by the Committee under a lease 
from the Corporation, of which there are some thirty years to run. Their 



37 

position is exceedingly well adapted for a library and reading room, being 
open and conspicuous, and close upon a great public thoroughfare, while, 
at the same time, lying so as to be free from the noise and disturbance of 
vehicular traffic. The Library is in close proximity to the Wards of 
North and South Toxteth, Pitt Street, and Rodney Street, which, with the 
Ward of Gt. George in which the Library is situated, are estimated to 
contain a population of 155,637. The premises consist of two dwelling 
houses, not absolutely old, but far from being new. The alterations 
necessary in the first instance to make them suitable and convenient for 
the present Library, have done much to weaken them, consequently any 
further structural alterations can hardly be deemed judicious, even 
if they were capable of providing a reading room of sufficient size, 
and with the requirements necessary to make it a success. But this is 
not the case. After a careful examination of the premises by the 
Corporation Surveyor, it has been considered the best and cheapest 
course to pull them down and build a new Library and Heading Room, 
consisting of one storey with basement, on the plan prepared by the 
Surveyor and the Librarian. This plan, while providing for the full 
requirements of the Library, also provides a Public Reading Room 
capable of seating a hundred persons at tables, and accommodating 
some forty to fifty more standing at newspaper desks. 

The cost of this new building and fittings is estimated at a sum not 
exceeding j£2,500, with an addition of ^150 for furniture. 

The annual average charge of this Library during the past five years 
has been £'760, without deducting the receipts for fines, catalogues, 
readers' tickets, &c., which have averaged i£160 during the same period. 

The proposed New Library and Reading Room will cost not less than 
±'170 a year more for magazines, newspapers, extra gas, extra cleaning, 
allowance to Librarian for loss of house, &c , and some extra assistance 
during the evenings. 

By the above arrangement the city will gain two reading rooms for 
books as well as periodicals and newspapers, open both day and evening, 
in situations where they are greatly needed and would be much appreciated, 
at a cost of about i'308 10s. per annum, whereas two additional evening 
reading rooms (similar to those the Committee have opened in schoolrooms 



38 

for the perusal only of periodicals and newspapers) would cost about iGllO 
a year each, or a total of £220. The superior advantages and comparative 
cheapness of the Library Reading Rooms are apparent. 

If success attends the New South Library and Reading Room, and of 
this there can be no reasonable doubt, then the establishment of an East 
Library and Reading Room ought to follow at the earliest possible 
opportunity. The site might either be in Low Hill, Hall Lane, or in some 
good public thoroughfare a little further southward. It is a mistake no 
less injurious to the success and popularity of a library and reading 
room, than it is to many other places of business and public institutions, 
to erect or open it where it cannot make itself well known, or in common 
phrase, advertise itself. 

After this the North Library ought certainly to be dealt with by the 
erection of a New Library and Spacious Reading Room, on a site further 
North than the present Library, and somewhere say in Scotland Road, near 
to where it joins Stanley Road. 

Three branch libraries, with reading rooms attached, more or less on 
the plan of the proposed New South Library and the eight branches which 
Manchester has obtained so deserved a reputation for having established, 
supplemented by the five school evening reading rooms, would do much 
towards satisfying the reading wants of the many inhabitants of the city 
who are compelled to live at a considerable distance from the reading rooms 
of the Central Library. 

How the necessary funds for the erection and maintenance of these 
branches are to be provided may not be easy of solution in the Committee's 
present financial position, but no doubt they will give the subject full and 
due consideration, as it is felt by many persons that some development 
of the library system in the direction of additional lending libraries and 
reading rooms, particularly in the neighbourhoods indicated, is urgently 
required. 

T. B. HALL, 

Chairman. 




k 





THIRTY-SIXTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY 

MUSEUM, 



AND 



V\^ALKER ART GALLERY, 



OF THE 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 





LIVERPOOL: 
J. R. WILLIAMfJ & CO., PRINTERiS, 8, SCHOOL LANE. 

issy. 




THIRTY-SIXTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY 

MUSEUM, 



AND 



WALKER ART GALLERY, 



OF THE 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 





LIVERPOOL: 
J. R. WILLIAMS & CO., PRINTERS, 8, SCHOOL LANE. 

1889. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 

FOR THE YEARS 1888-89. 



(Eotnmittec : 

Sir JAMES ALLANSON PICTON, f.s a., Chairman. 

Alderman EDWARD SAMUELSON, Dkputy-Chairman. 

EDWARD HATTON COOKSON, Mayor. 



GEORGE H. BALL, 
WILLIAM BENNETT, 
ANTHONY BOWER, 
WILLIAM B. BOWRINO, 
Lieut. -Col. A. H. BROWN, m.p., 
ANDREW COMMINS, ll.d., m.p. 
JOHN DAVIES, 
THOMAS B. HALL, 



ROBERT HAMILTON, 
Rev. H. H. HIGGINS, m.a., 
THOMAS HOLDER, 
ROBERT D. HOLT, 
WILLIAM J. LUNT, 
THOMAS W. OAKSHOTT, 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE, 
Alderman Sir A. B. WALKER, Bart. 



ffllji£f lEibrarian: 
PETER CO WELL. 

ginb-f ibrarinn: 
THOMAS FORMBY. 

fflnraior of tlj£ iEuacnnt: 
THOMAS J. MOORE. 

(SiandjaloQisi, Jltin£ralxr0izt, &r. : 
P. P. MARRAT. 

ffiurator ai ilje Walker ^.r! (Sallirg: 
CHARLES DYALL, 



KEPOKT. 

A few general remarks on the action of the several departments may 
form a fitting introduction to the statistical information appended. 

Reference Library. 

This, which may be considered the nucleus and centre of the institution, 
pursues the even tenor of its way with little vicissitude. To whatever 
cause it may be owing, the issues have fallen off about 15 per cent, 
during the year. This is principally manifest in the department of 
prose fiction, where the volumes read have diminished from 882 per 
day to 698, or 20 per cent. This undoubtedly indicates a greater 
proportionate demand for a higher class of literature. Even on the 
reduced scale the circulation of more than 10,000 volumes per week of 
wholesome literature, much of it of a high class, diffusing its influence 
through every stratum of society, cannot but have a very favourable 
influence both morally and intellectually. 

During the year, 113 volumes worn out have not been replaced, after 
allowing for which an addition has been made of 2,108 volumes, making 
the number now on the shelves 93,183. 

The increase in the contents of the library is pressing upon the 
available space, and before very long some additional provision will have 
to be made. 

The late Alderman Bennett turned his attention during many years to 
the collection of drawings illustrative of the topography and progress of 
the City, specially with reference to the street architecture, a large part 
of which has been swept away by progressive improvements. Since his 
decease these collections were offered by auction and have been secured 
for the Library. The number of drawings is 943, which have been 
obtained at the price of £450. 

Lending Libraries. 

These have during many years been worked up to the extent of their 
capacity so that any serious increase in the issues is not to be looked 
for. It will be seen, however, from an inspection of the figures that 
there has been an extension of the issues during the last year from 
405,271 to 427,532 volumes. 

One very gratifying circumstance connected with these libraries is the 
very small percentage of books lost or unaccounted for. Out of issues 



during the last two years of nearly a million volumes, only 9 are lost 
or missing. This speaks well both for the honesty of the readers and 
the efficiency of the working staff. 

In the last report an account was given of the proceedings of the 
sub-committee appointed to consider the question of the extension of 
Lending Libraries to the north and east districts of the city, and a 
Report on the subject was appended. It was subsequently found 
desirable to modify the conclusions then arrived at, and ultimately it 
was decided to request the Council to appropriate a plot of land at 
Kensington Fields fronting the high road, for the erection of a Lending 
Library and Eeading Room. This report was adopted by the Council, 
who further agreed to erect the building at a cost of about £3,000, the 
rent calculated on this basis to be paid out of the Library Fund. This 
will be a valuable boon to the increasing population of an important 
district. 

The existing reading rooms continue to be popular, the attendance in 
each of them having increased, amounting in the whole to 114,777, as 
against 106,264 in the previous year. 

Museum. 

The visitors have increased during the year, from 255,616 to 291,754. 

Since the 1st October last the Museum has been thrown open to the 
public on Monday evenings from 7 to 10. 

Some years since a similar attempt was made, but owing to the 
disorderly conduct of some of the visitors, it had to be abandoned. It 
is gratifying to find that at present the utmost order and propriety prevail, 
indicating an advance and improvement in the popular feeling. 

In connection with this movement addresses or short lectures have 
been given illustrative of the collections by voluntary lecturers, which 
have been highly appreciated. A list of these will be found below. 

Mayer Museum. 

Not many additions have been made during the year, but those which 

have been acquired are of high interest. The attention of the curator 

has been principally directed to classifying, cataloguing, and labelling 

the collections, so as to render them more intelligible and available to the 

visitors. 

Signed on behalf of the Committee, 

J. A. PICTON, Kt., 

Chairman. 



REFERENCE LIBRARY. 
Table I. — Showing the Books issued during 

Classification. 

Theology, Morals, &c 

Natural Philosophy, Astionoiiiy, &c 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 

Essays, Reviews, Societies' Proceedings, &c., in 

volumes) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics 

Education and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics and Tnuislatious 

Encyclopaedias, and Works of General Eeference 
Patents for Inventions 

Total 

Table II. — Showing the number and classification of 
during the year : — 

Classification. 

Theology, Morals, &c 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c. ... 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (piiucipally collected Works, 

Essays, Reviews, Societies' Proceedings, &c., in 

Volumes) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce, Political Economy, &c. 

Education, and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Clas.sics and Tniuslatious 
Heraldry, Encyclopsedias, and Works of Reference ... 

Total - 2,108 

• After deducting 113 Volumes worn out and not replaced 



y the year : — 

' , , Daily 
Voumes. Average. 

17,509 64 


17,357 


63 


7,960 


29 


27,116 


99 


'23,125 


85 


7,323 


27 


11,638 


43 


148,264 


544 


5,468 


20 


4,528 


17 


. 6,937 


25 


. 12,199 


45 


. 190,411 


698 


. 3,194 


12 


. 19,269 


71 


. 24,048 


88 


526,346 


1,930 


tion of 


svorks added 


Volumes 
added. 


Total Number in 
the Library. 


99 


7,047 


51 


2,235 


139 


5,085 


223 


10,801 


282 


11,956 


145 


4,951 


99 


5,052 


627 


22,103 


160 


7,607 


64 


1,395 


33 


1,506 


86 


3,849 


1 


5,614 


13 


870 


86 


3,112 



*93,183 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, &c., have been presented 
regularly by the respective Publishers : — 

Light 

Literary News 
Literary Society 
Liverpool Catholic Times 



Agriculture 

Amateur Photographer 

Association News 

American Settler 

Anglo-American Time.^ 

Birmingham and Sheffield Hardware 
Circular 

Bootle Times 

Brewers' Guardian 

British and Colonial Printer and 
Stationer 

British Temperance Advocate 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 

Cambridge Examiner 

Cape Argus 

Church of England Temperance 
Chronicle 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Chui'ch Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

Citizen 

Civil Service Times 

Colonies 

Day of Days 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Electrical Eeview 

Electrician 

Englishwoman's Review 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Fireside News 

Good Health 

Hand and Heart 

Herald of Health 

Home Words 

Homoeopathic World 

In His Name 

Invention 

Irish Times. 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 

Jewish World 

Journal of Speculative Philosophy 

Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 

Journal of the Statistical Society 

Leeds Times 

Liberal Unionist 



Liverpool Courier (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Echo 

Liverpool Express 

Liverpool Halfpenny Weekly 

Liverpool Journal of Commerce 

Liverpool Mercury (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Porcupine 

Liverpool Post (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Programme 

Liverpool Review 

Liverpool University Magazine 

Machinery Market 

Medium 

Miller 

Mona's Herald 

Musical Society 

Money 

New Church Magazine 

Oddfellows' Magazine 

Oxford Chronicle 

Personal Rights' Journal 

Pitman's Musical Monthly 

Porcupine 

Present Truth 

Preston Herald 

Railway Eeview 

Recreation 

Research 

Rhyl Journal 

Richmond and Twickenham Times 

Sale and Exchange 

Script Phonographic Journal 

Shipping World 

Signs of the Times 

Sloan- Duployan Phonographic Journal 

Sunday 'Times 

Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 

Vaccination Inquirer 

Vegetarian Messenger 

Western Daily Press 

Woman's Suffrage Journal 

Worcestershire Herald 

Zoophilist 



The following is a list of the Newspapers provided for use in the 
Newsroom : — 



Baner ac Amserau Cymru 
Belfast News-Letter 
Birmingliam Daily Gazette 
Birmingham Daily Post 
Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald 
Freeman's Journal (2 copies) 



Glasgow Herald 

Irish Times 

Leeds Mercury 

Liverpool Courier (6 copies) 

Liverpool Daily Post (6 copies) 

Liverpool Journal of Commerce 



Liverpool Programme 
Loiulon Daily News (2 copies) 
London Morning Post 
London Standard (2 copies) 
London Telegraph (2 copies) 
London Times (2 copies) 
Manchester Courier 



I Manchester Guardian 
New York Herald 
Pall Mall Gazette 
Scotsman 

Western Daily Press 
Yorkshire Post 
Liverpool Mercury (6 copies) 



Donations. 

The following Donations have been received during the year 



Aberdeen Public Library :— Supple- 
mentary Author-list, 188G-S. 
Andrew, Samuel, (the Author) : — The 

seven Holy Crosses of Oldham. 
A >' o N Y ii o u s L Y : — The Synod of 
Streonshahl, or Council of Whithy, by 
R. T. Manson ; The neccessity of a 
sanitary reform iu Infant Rearing : why 
and how it should be efifected, by 
Francis E. Clotten, (3 copies). 
ASKIN, W. :— The Docks and Trade of 

London and Liverpool, (4 copies). 
Baker, Miss : — The History of Eome : 
from the building of Rome to the ruin 
of the Commonwealth, by N. Hooka, 
2 vols. 
Banks and Son, Messrs. (the Pub- 
lishers) :— Israel's Hope and Destiny, 
vol. 8. 
Barb.\dos, Colonial Secretary for : — 
Barbados Blue Book, 1882, 1884, 1885, 
and 1887. 
Bartlett, William : — The Leasehold 
Estate of the Corporation of Liverpool, 
(2 copies). 
Bell and Sons, Messrs. (the Pub- 
lishers) : — Goethe's Faust ; translated 
by Anna Swan wick, part 1. 
Bergen Museum, Norway : — Bergen's 

Museum Aarsberetning, 1886. 
Bickerton, T. H., (the Author):— Colour 

Blindness, (2 pampiilets). 
Birkenhead Literary and Scientific 

Society :— Report, 1887-8. 
Bootle-cum-Linacre Free Library :^ 

Catalogue. 
Boston City Auditor : — Report, 1887-8. 
Boston Public Library: — Bulletin, 1888. 
Boult, Joseph : -The Enquirer; or. 
Philosophical and Mathematical 
Repository, by W. Marrat, No. 2. 
Bradford Free Public Libraries : — 
Supplementary Catalogue of the 
Central Lending Library. 
Bradlee, Caleb D., (the Author): — Jesus 

Christ eternally alive. 
British Association for the Advance- 
ment OF Science : — Report, 1887 ; 
Handbook to Bath. 
British Museum Trustees :— Catalogue 
of Printed Books, 20 vols. ; Catalogue 
of Birds, by Philip L. Sclater, vol. 14 ; 



Catalogue of Gems ; Catalogue of Greek 
Coins, by Barclay V. Head ; Catalogue 
of Persian Coins : Shahs of Persia, by 
R. S. Poole ; Catalogue of Seals, by 
W. de G. Birch, vol. 1 ; Catalogue of 
Reptilia and Amphibia, by Richard 
Lydekker, vol. 1 ; Catalogue of Turkish 
M6S., by Charles Rieu. 

Brooklyn Free Library, U.S.A. : — 
Bulletin, No. 25. 

Brown, T. B., (the Publisher) :— Adver- 
tiser's A.B.C. of Official Scales, and 
Advertising Press Directory, 1888. 

Brydges, Guillermo K., (Consul of the 
Argentine Republic) : —Message of the 
President of the Republic on opening 
the Session of the Argentine Congress, 
May, 1888, (12 copies). 

Burma Colonial Government, (per F. 
Dresser, Esq.) : — Report of the Admin- 
istration of Lower Burma, 1886-7. 

Cambridge University, The Syndi- 
cate : — Cambridge Local Lectures : 
Report on a Conference in the Senate 
House, Cambridge, on the Affiliation 
of Local Centres of the University, and 
other matters, March 9, 1887 ; loth 
Annual Report ; Regulations for the 
Promotion of Home Study ; Oxford 
University Extension : Home Reading 
Circles ; Higher Local Examinations : 
Report, 1888. 

Canada, Department of the Interior : 
— Geological and Natural History 
Survey of Canada, Report, 1886 ; List 
of Publications. 

C^ASTELLAIN. ALFRED, J. P.: — Journal of 
the Royal Agricultural Society, 2nd 
ser. , vol. 23, pt. 2, and vol. 24, pt. 1. 

Chalmers, Patrick, (the Author) : — 
The Adhesive Postage iStamp in 
America, France, and Germany. 

Chester Society of Natural Science : 
— 17th Annual Report. 

Chicago Board of Trade : — 13th Annual 
Report of the Trade and Commerce of 
Chicago, 1887. 

Cincinnati Public Library : — Bulletin 
of Books, 1887. 

Clark, W. : — Hindustani Manual, by 
Duncan Forbes ; Russian Language, by 
F. Alexandrow. 



GoBDEX Club : — Fair Trade and Agricul- 
ture, by the Rt. Hon. Sir Lyon 
Playfair, k.c.b., m.p. (12 copies) ; 
Industrial Competition and Commercial 
Freedom, by the Rt. Hon. Sir Lyon 
Playfair, K C.B., M.P. (12 copies) ; 
Local Administration iu the United 
States and in the United Kingdom, 
F. G Montague (12 copies) ; Sugar 
Bounties, by Sir Thomas H. Ferrer, 
Bait. (12 copies) ; The British Farmer 
anii his Competitors, by William E. 
Bear (4 copies) ; The Carribean Con- 
federation, by C. S. Salmon r The Public 
Education in Austria, by J. Russell 
Endeau. 

Coles, Abraham, m.d., ll.d , (the 
Author) : — A new rendering of the 
Hf brew Psalms into English verse. 

Columbia College Library, New York : 
— .Annual Uration: American Univer- 
sity, by Prof. Charles S. Smith, a.m. 

GooKK, Ba>X'roft., (the Author): — 
Individualism. 

GooPER Union for the Advancement 
OF Science and Art, New York : — 
Report, 1888. 

Cornell University Library, New 
York :— Bulletin, 1888. 

Costa Eica National Museum : — 
Auaies del Museo Nacional Repiiblica 
de Coste Rica, 1887. 

Curtis and Harvey, Messrs., (the 
Publishers) : — Notes on Shooting. 

Davis, Robert C. : — Liverpool Asso- 
ciates' Annual, 18S7. 

Dublin University : — Calendar, 1888 ; 
Examination Papers, 1887. 

Durham University:— Calendar, 1888. 

Edwards, Frederick W., (the 
Author) : — Industrial Education (2 
copies). 

Ellis, Jouy W., l.r.c.p., (the Author) : 
— Coleoptera of the Liverpool District, 
pts. 11-13 ; Fifty years of Economic 
Botany ; Lepidopterous Fauna of 
Lancashire and Cheshire, pts. 5-6. 

English Dialect Society Library : — 
Catalogue, 1880, (2 copies). 

Enoch Pratt Library, Baltimore, 
U.S.A. :— Finding List, 1887-8. 

Entwistle, Peter : — Narrative of the 
Massacre of the crew of the Ship 
" Boyd," at New Zealand, by Cannibals. 

Evans, George E., (the Compiler) : — A 
History of Renshaw Street Chapel. 

Financial Reform Association : — 
Almanack, 1888. 

Fisk, Francis : — Skyring's Builders' 
Price Book, 1888 ; Adcock's Engineer's 
Pocket-Book, 1888. 

Fryer, Alfred C, (the Author):— Toots: 
the autobiography of a Persian Cat. 
(2 copies). 

Freeman, Henry, (the Author) : — 



Writing Simplified. 

FuRNivALL, Percy, (the Author) : — 
Physical Training for High Speed 
Competitions (2 copies). 

(tla.sgow and West of Scotland 
Technical College: — Calendar, 
1887-S, 1888-9. 

Glasgow, Stirling's Library: — 
Catalogue. 

GooDCHiLD, J. E., (the Author), per 
Joseph Boult, Esq. : — Study of the 
Halicarnassian Marbles in the British 
Museum, with reference to the Restor- 
ations of the Tomb of Mausolus, by 
the late Prof. C. E. Cockerel]. 

Gray's Inn, Honourable Society 
of : — Library Catalogue, 1888. 

Greenwood, W. N., (the Author) : — 
Kludonometric Tide Table for the 
Lancashiie Coast and Bristol Channel, 
1889. 

Grey, Henry, (the Author) : — Resting 
without Rusting in tbe Noith of Europe 
and Egypt ; The Plots of some of the 
most famous Old English Plays. 

Griffith, Morris, (the Author) : — Who 
were the Inventors of Telegraphs ? 

Gkimaldi, Rev. Alexander B., (the 
Author) : — A Catalogue of Printed 
Books, Pamphlets, &c., composed, 
edited, or translated by writers bearing 
the name of Grimaldi ; Britain's Inherit- 
ance, 2 pts. ; Miscellaneous Writings 
from Printed and Manuscript Sources. 

Guillaume, H., f.r.o.s , Consul 
General for Peru (the Author) : — 
The Amazon Provinces of Peru as a 
field for Emigration. 

Hales, Joseph : Secretary, Liverpool 
Y.M.C.A. : — The Rise and Progress of 
Ships and Steamships, including the 
Trade of Liverpool, by William Blood. 

Harried & Sons, Me.ssrs., (the Publish- 
ers) : — Abridged Specimens of Wood- 
Letter ; Catalogue of Printing 
Machinery ; Selected Specimens of 
jModern Printing Types ; Stereo- 
Foundries. 

Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass., 
U.S.A. : — Bibliographical Contribu- 
tions, ed. by Justin Winsor, No. 26-32 ; 
Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative 
Zoology, vol. 13, No. 6 ; University 
Bulletin, Nos. 40-41. 

He yes, J. F., (the Author) :— On the 
Tetravalency of Oxygen ; On ^^alency, 
Validity, and Residual Affinity. 

HiGGiN, George, (the Author) : — Com- 
mercial and Industrial Spain. 

Historic Society of Lancashire and 
Cheshire :— Transactions, vols. 36-37. 

HoRE, Rev. A. H., m.a., (the Author) :^ 
The Church in England from WiUiam 
III. to Victoria, 2 vols. 

Howard Association : — Social Wreck- 



age, by Francis Peek. 

Hdrst, Thomas : — Cornish's Stranger's 
Guide through Liverpool, 5th ed. 

India, Rt. Hon. the Secretary of 
St.ate for : — Report on India OflSce 
Records, by Fred. C Dauvers, vol. 1. 

Institution of Civil Engineers : — 
Minutes of Proceedings, vol. 91-94s. 

Institution^ of Mechanioal Engineers : 
—Proceedings, 1887 and 1888, pts. 1-3. 

International Shorthand Congress : 
— Transactions, 1887. 

Irish Loyal and Patriotic Union : — 
Albion and lerne ; Boycotting, by T. W. 
Rolleston, (6 copies) ; Mr. Gladstone : 
a Study, by Louis J. Jennings, M.P. ; 
Plan of Campaign illustrated, (6 copies) ; 
Publications, 1887 ; Sales of Tenants' 
Interest in Ireland, (6 copies); Scotland, 
Ulster, and Home Rule for Ireland, 
(3 copies) ; The Truth about Home 
Rule, ed. by Sir George Baden-Powell, 
" United Ireland " on Spencer, 
Trevelyan, and Gladstone, (2 copies). 

Johnson, Rossiter, (the Author) : — A 
short History of the War of Secession, 
1861-65. 

Jones, R. A., (the Author) : — The Land 
Question and a Land Bill, with special 
reference to Wales. 

KiRKDALE Voluntary Industrial Day 
(Ragged) School : — Reports, 1879-83, 
1884-7. 

Lach-Szyrma, Eev. W. S., (the Author) : 
— Tbe Lessons of the Armada ; Wales 
and West Wales. 

Lafone y Quevedo, Samuel A., (the 
Author), per George Salthouse, Esq. : 
— Londres y Catamarca, 1888. 

Laino, Samuel, (the Author): — .\ Modern 
Zoroastrian ; Modern Science and 
Modern Thought. 

Lancashire and Cheshire Entomologi- 
cal Society^: — 11th Annual Report. 

Lawton, Joseph, (the Author) : — The 
Emperor Frederick III. and the Crown 
Prince. 

Layton, Messrs. C. & E., (the Publishers): 
— The Insurance Register, by William 
White, 1888. 

Ley, Mrs. : — Scripture Studies, by W. 
H. Ley, (3 copies). 

Library Reports from the Following 
Libraries: — .\berdeen; Aston, Manor 
of ; Baltimore : Peabody Institute ; 
Battersea ; Birkenhead ; Birmingham ; 
Bolton ; Bootle-cum-Linacre ; Boston, 
U.S.A. ; Bradford ; Burlington : 
Fletcher Library, U.S.A. ; Cambridge ; 
Cardiff ; Cheltenham; Chester; Chicago: 
Newberry Library, U.S.A. ; Chicago, 
L'^.S.A. ; Clitheroe ; Columbia College, 
New York ; Cincinnati, U.S.A. ; Derby ; 
Devon and Exeter ; Doncaster ; 
Dundee ; Ealing ; Enoch Pratt Free 



Library, Baltimore, U.S.A. ; Great 
Yarmouth; Handsworth; Hanley ; 
Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass., 
U.S.A.; Hereford; Kidderminster; 
Leamington ; Leeds ; Leicester ; Man- 
chester ; .Milwaukee ; Mitchell Library, 
Glasgow; Newcastle-upon-Tyne; New- 
port (Mon.) ; Newton, U..S.A. ; New 
York Astor Library ; New York 
Library Association ; Northwich : 
Brunner Free Library ; Norwich ; 
Oxford (Bodleian) ; Philadelphia 
Friends Free Library ; Philadelphia 
Mercantile Library ; Plymouth ; Ports- 
mouth ; Preston ; Richmond ; Roch- 
dale ; Rotheram ; St. Helens ; St. 
Louis ; St. Louis Mercantile Library ; 
St. Margaret and St. John, West- 
minster ; Salford ; San Francisco 
Mercantile Library ; Sheffield ; Smeth- 
wick ; Stafford ; Stirling's and Glasgow ; 
Stratford-upon-Avon ; Shakespere Me- 
morial Library ; Stockport ; Stoke- 
upon-Trent ; South Australia ; South 
Shields ; Swansea ; Sydney ; Tonbridge ; 
Toronto ; Twickenham ; Victoria ; 
Walsall ; Watford ; Welshpool ; 
Widnes ; Wigan ; Wimbledon ; Wor- 
cester, Mass., U.S.A. 

Litart, John, (the Author): — Two Fairy 
Girls and Two Magic Pearls. 

Liverpool Architectural Society : — 
Proceedings, 1888. 

Liverpool Astronomical Society : — 
Catalogue of the Library ; Journal, vol. 
6, and vol. 7, pts. 1-2. 

Liverpool Athenjeum Library : — 
Miscellaneous Reports of Liverpool 
Institutions. 

Liverpool Engineering Society : — 
Transactions, vol. 7 ; Annual Report, 
1887. 

Liverpool Geological Society : — Pro- 
ceedings, vol. 4, pt. 4. 

Liverpool Institutions. — Reports have 
been received from the following: 
— Amateur Photographic Association ; 
Army Scripture Readers' and Soldiers' 
Friend Society ; Art Club ; Auxiliary 
Bible Society ; Blue Coat Hospital ; 
Catholic Reform Association ; Church 
of England Scripture Readers' Society ; 
Horticultural Society; Land and 
Hous3 Owners' Association ; Mersey 
Mission to Seamen ; Microscopical 
Society ; Polytechnic Society ; Science 
Students' Association ; School Ship 
"Conway"; Seamen's Friend Society ; 
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty 
to Children ; Town Mission ; Training 
J^hip " Indefatigable." 

Liverpool (Lyceum) Library : — Annual 
Supplementary Catalogue ; Annual 
Report, 1888. 

Liverpool Medical Institution : — 



10 



Liverpool Medico- Chirurgical Journal, 
Nos, 14-15. 
Liverpool Mekcantilk Marine 
Service Association : — Reporter, vol. 
12. 
LivunpooL Mersey Docks and Harbour 
Board :— Accounts, 1871-3, 1875-6, 
1883-4, 1886-8; Acts of Parliament 
relating to the Mersey Docks and 
Harbour. 
Liverpool Naturalists' Field Club : — 

Proceedings, 1887. 
Liverpool Philharmonic Society : — 

Concert Books, 1879-87. 
Liverpool School Board: — Proceedings, 

1886-7. 
Liverpool University College : — 

Calendar, 1888-9. 
Lloyd, Francis, (the Author) : — A 
scientific view of Mr. Galton's 
Theories of Heredity ; The Deity as 
seen by positive science. 
Lloyd, Miss : — Prussia's Representative 
Man, by Francis Lloyd and William 
Newton, f.r.g.s. 
LocKHART, William -.—Gore's Liverpool 

Directory, 1790. 
Lowdermilk, William H,, (the Author): 

— History of Cumberland (Maryland). 
LuNDiE, Rev. Robert H., m.a., (the 
Author) : — Alexander Balfour : a 
memoir. 
McMillan, Robert : — Liverpool Sunday 

Society : Programme, 1886-8. 
Macmillan and Co., Messrs., (the 
Publishers) : — Industrial Peace, by 
L.L.F.R. Price. 
Manchester Geographical Society : — 

Journal, vols. 1-2. 
Manchester Geological Society : — 

Transactions, 1887-8. 
Manchester Microscopical Society : — 
Transactions and Annual Reports, 
1883-7. 
Manchester Statistical Society : — 

Transactions, 1887-8. 
Manson, J. W. : — Matter and Energy, 

by B.L.L. (2 copies). 
Marrat. F. P. : — Memorials of John 
Bartram and Humphry Marshall, by 
William Darlington. 
Marsden, Peck, and Co., Messrs., (the 
Publishers) : — The British, Colonial, 
and Foreign Steam Ship Guide, 1888. 
Marshall, George W., ll.d., (the 
Author) : — Miscellanea Marescalliana, 
vol. 2, pt. 2. 
Matson, S. a., (the Authoress) : — Saint 

George and the Dragon. 
Miller and Richard, Messrs., (the 
Publishers) : — Specimens of Book, 
Newspaper, Jobbing, and Ornamental 
Types. 
Minnesota, Department of Geology: — 
Geological and Natural History Survey 



of Minnesota : 15th Annual Report ; 
Bulletins, Nos. 2-4. 

MoLEE, Elias, ph.b., (the Author) : — 
Plea for an American Language ; or, 
Germanic-English. 

Morris, J. S. C. , (the Publishers): — 
Business Directory of London, 1888. 

National Association for the Pro- 
motion OF Technical Education : — 
First Annual Report ; Address by 
Prof. Huxley ; Address by the Earl of 
liosebery ; and 22 leaflets. 

Nevins, J. BiRKBECK, M.D. (the Author) : 
— On the sanitary arrangements of the 
Ancient Hebrew Camp in the Desert, 
and the Modern Cities of Manchester, 
Edinburgh, and Liverpool. 

New South Wales, Agent-General 
FOR : — Handbook to the Statistical 
Register of N.S.W., by A. Coghlan, 
A.M. ; New South Wales : her Commerce 
and Resources, by G. W. Griffin, (2 
copies) ; New South Wales Year-Book, 
1888, (2 copies); Ways and Means: 
Financial Statement of the Colonial 
Treasurer of New South Wales, 1887 ; 
The Wealth and Progress of New 
South Wales, 1886-7, by A. Coghlan, 

A.M. 

New York Apprentices' Library : — 

Finding List, 1887. 
New York, General Society of 

Mechanics and Tradesmen: — Report, 

1887. 
New York Mercantile Library :— 

Finding List of French Prose Fiction. 
Newall, Major-General D. J. F., r a. , 

(the Author) : — The Highlands of India, 

2 vols. 
Noel, Hon. Roden, (the Author) : — 

Essays on Poetry and Poets. 
Nottingham Mechanics' In.stitution : 

— Annual Report, 1888. 
O'Hanlon, Very Rev. Canon, p.p., (the 

Author) :— Report of the O'Connell 

Monument Committee. 
Oldham Free Libraries : — Catalogue 

of the Central Lending Library. 
Parnell, John, (the Author) : — Tercen- 
tenary Ballad : defeat of the Spanish 

Armada, (3 copies). 
Peace, Maskell W., (the Author) : — 

Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1887. 
Pearce, John, (the Author) : — The Life 

and Labours of Joseph Livesey, (4 

copies). 
Perry, Rev. S. J., s.J., f.r.s., (the 

Author) : — Stonyhurst College Obser- 
vatory : Results of Meteorological and 

Magnetical Observations, 1887. 
Phadelphta Academy of Natural 

Sciences : — Proceedings, 1887, and 

1888, pt. 1. 
Philadelphia Board of Trade : — 55th 

Report. 



flU 



11 



PHILLIPSON AND GoLDEB, MESSRS., (the 

Publishers) : — Chester Diocesan Calen- 
dar, 1888. 

PiCTON, Sib James A., j.p., f.s.a., (the 
Author) : — The Town Halls of Liver- 
pool. 

Pi'i'MAN AND Sons, Messrs , (the Pub- 
lishers) : — The Phonetic Journal, 1887. 

Preston, Sydney H., (the Compiler) : — 
Supplement to the 4th edition of 
Chambers' Index to next-of-kin, (2 
copies). 

Queen's College, London : — Calendar, 

1887-8—1888-9. 
' Ragged School Union : — 44th Annual 

Report. 
! Bath BONE, P. H., j.p. :— Recollections 
of a New York Chief of Police, by 
G. W. Walling. 

RbADE,T. MeLLARD, C.E., F.G.S.,r.R.I.B.A., 
(the Author) : — .\irless and Waterless 
Condition of the Moon, by Fred. F. 
Grensted, with Geological and Physical 
Notes, by T. Mallard Reade ; Geological 
Consequences of the Discovery of a 
Level-of-no-Strain in a Cooling Globe ; 
Tidal Action as an Agent of Geological 
Changes ; An Estimate of Post-Glacial 
Time ; The Dimetian of St. David's ; 
Effects of Temperature on Terra-Cotta, 
(2 copies). 
Reynolds, R. S.. (the Author) : — -The 
Liverpool Dry Ashpit Refuse, (6 copies). 
Royal Astronomical Society : — 
Memoirs, vol. 49, pt. 1 ; Monthly 
Notices, vol. 48, and 49, pt. 1. 
Royal Colonial Institute : — Annual 

Report, 1887, and 1888. 
Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society : 

— 55th Report. 
Royal Dublin Society : — Scientific 
Proceedings, vol. 5, pts. 7-8, and vol. 6, 
pts. 1-2 ; Scientific Transactions, vol. 
4, pt. 1. 
Royal Institute of British 
Architects : — Proceedings, New Ser., 
vol. 4, and vol. 5, pts. 1-5 ; Tran- 
sactions, New Ser., vol. 4 ; Conser- 
vations of Ancient Monuments and 
Remains ; Hints to Workmen engaged 
on the Repairs and Restoration of 
Ancient Buildings. 
Royal National Life-Boat 

Institution :— Annual Report, 1888. 
Royal Society of Canada:— ^Proceedings 

and Transactions, vol. 5. 
Royal Society of Loni'ON : — Philoso- 
phical Transactions, vol. 178 ; List of 
Members. 
Royal Statistical Society : — Journal, 

1888. 
Rylands, J. P. :— Liverpool Parliament- 
ary Elections, 1818; Result of Poll, 
1818 ; Two Lancasliire Rolls of Arms. 
St. Helens Free Library: — 



Supplementary Catalogue. 
Seismolooical Society of Japan : — 

Transactions, vols. 11 and 12. 
Seputon, Rev. J., m.a., (the Author) : — 

Thor and his sway. 
Sharp, Charles: — Collection of 
Facsimiles of the Types, Woodcuts, 
and Capital Letters used by early 
printers. 
Sherbrookb, Margaret M. : — The law 
in relation to woman, by a lawyer, 
(6 copies). 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 
U.S.A. :— Annual Report, 1885 ; Smith- 
sonian Miscellaneous Collections, vols. 
31-33 ; Toner Lectures, Nos. 3-4. 
Society for the Abolition of 
Vivisection : — Man's Inj ustice to 
Animals. 
Society for the Promotion of Women 
AS Poor Law Guardians : — 7th Annual 
Report ; Social Employment of 
Women ; Why I am a Poor Law 
Cruardian, by Dora Downright ; The 
Work that Ladies can do as Poor Law 
Guardians. 
Society of Antiquaries of London : — 
Proceedings, vol. 11, pt. 4, and vol. 12, 
pts. 1-2. 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland : — 

Proceedings, vol. 21. 
Society of Engineers: — Transactions, 

1887. 
Sonnenschein and Co., Messrs., (the 
Publishers) : — Dying Scientifically, by 
^sculapius Scalpel, (3 copies) ; St. 
Bernards, by .lEsculapius Scalpel, (8 
copies). 
Spiers, James (the Publisher): — The 
Divine Word Opened : Sermons by 
Rev. Johnathan Bayley. 
Stephenson, Blake and Co., Messrs , 
(the Publishers) : — Specimens of Print- 
ing Types, Borders and Ornaments. 
Sutton, Charles W., (Librarian, 
Manchester Free Libraries) : — An 
Address to the Liverpool Working 
Men's Church Association, 1852 ; An 
AflFectionate Address to the Society of 
Friends, 1840 ; Our Rhymster Libeller : 
who he is, by Randal H. Sherlock ; 
Readings for Advent, selected from the 
Old and New Testaments. 
Sweden BORG Society : — 78th Annual 

Report. 
Sydney University : — Calendar, 1888. 
Taylor, James, and Co., Messrs. :— 

Livei-pool of to-day. 
Toronto, Corporation ot the City of, 
(per P. Byrne, Esq.) :— Queen's .Jubilee 
and Toronto " Called Back " from 
1887-1847, by C. Crawford Taylor, 
2 vols. 
Trautwine, John C (the Autlior) : — 
Civil Engineer's Pocket-Book. 



12 



TuRNBULL, A. H., (Manager, Scottish 
Widows' Fund) : — Jubilee of Queen 
Victoria, 1887. 

United States Government : — Annual 
Report of the Comptroller of the 
CurrLiioy, 1887, vol. 1. ; Bureau of 
Education : Report of the Commissioner, 
1885-6 ; Circulars of Information, 1887, 
pts. 1-3 ; Census Returns, vols. 17 and 
19; Report of the Ornithologist, C. Hart 
Merrian, a.m., 1887; U. S. Coast and 
Geodetic Survey : Report, 1886 ; U. S. 
Naval Observatory, 1883. 

University Correspondence College, 
Cambridge: — Intermediate Arts 
Guide, 1888, pt. 3 ; London B. A. 
Guide, 1888, pt. 2 ; Matriculation 
Directory, by B. J. Hayes, b. a., 1888, 
pt. 4 ; Matriculation Latin ; Xenophon 
Cyropaedeia. 

Vacher, Fkancis, (the Author): — Report 
on the Sanitary Condition of the 
Borough of Birkenhead, 1886, and 1887; 
Engravers and Engraving. 

Victoria, Agent-General for : — Statis- 
tical Register of the Colony of Victoria, 
1883, 1885, and 1886. 



Victoria Institute :— Oriental Ento- 
mology, by Rev. F. A. Walker ; On 
Science and Revelation, by G. G. Stokes. 

Vincent, J. E. M., (the Compiler) :— The 
Australian Irrigation Colonies. 

Wales, University College or, 
Aberystwyth : — Calendar, 1887-8, and 
1888-9. 

Warne, Charles, -f.s.a., (the Author):— 
Ancient Dorset. 

Whittick, George : — Brief Account of 
the Mechitaristican Society ; Natural 
History of the Polype. 

Wig AN Free Library : — Catalogue, 
Letter B. 

Winnipeg Board of Trade : — 9th 
Annual Report. 

Wisconsin Natural History Society: 
—Proceedings, 1885-7 ; Bericht des 
Naturhistorischen Vereins von Wis- 
consin, 1871-82. 

WYM.4.N AND Sons. Messrs., (the Pub- 
lishers) : — Commercial Encyclopaedia, 
(2 copies). 

Zoological Society of London: — 
Proceedings, 1887-88 ; Transactions, 
vol. 12. 



WINTER LECTURES. 

During the months of January to March the twenty-third course of 
free popular lectures, numbering forty, was delivered in the Rotunda 
Hall of the Library. Large and appreciative audiences attended the 
lectures, and they continue to give the Committee every assurance that 
an important educational work is being eflfected by their means. The 
total attendances amount to 47,774, or an average of 1,194 per lecture. 

Lecturers and Subjects : 
Adams, Rev. W. J. Plain talk to plain people ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Argent, W. I. How Music is made ; with Vocal and Instrumental 
Illustrations. 

Benas, Baron L., j.p. A Tour in the Austro-Hungarian Empire ; 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

BiRCHAiiL, James. European Trade Routes in the Middle Ages. The 
Great Flemish Cities of the Middle Ages ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. (2 lectures.) 



13 

Bradley, A. C, m.a., Professor of Modern Literature, University 
College, Liverpool. Mazzini and the Struggle for Italian Unity ; 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Carey, F. S., m.a.. Professor of Mathematics, University College, 
Liverpool. Shooting Stars ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Conway, "W. M., m.a., Professor of Art, University College, Liverpool. 
Alpine Climbing; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

CoRTiE, Rev. A. L., s.j. The Heat of the Sun; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

CowELL, P., Librarian, Free Public Library. English Customs and Folk 
Lore, particularly of Lancashire. Talk about Manuscripts, Books, 
and Bindings ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. (2 lectures.) 

Davies, Edward, f.c.s. The Nature and Uses of Disinfectants and 
Antiseptics ; illustrated by Experiments. 

Dixon, Willmott, ll.b. The Spanish Armada: a Tercentenary 
Oration. 

Duff, Rev. Robert, m.a. Livingstone's Early Researches in Africa; 
illustrated by Diagrams. 

Dyall, Charles, Curator, Walker Art Gallery. Art in Every-day 
Life ; with Illustrations. 

Ellison, Colonel C. 0. London in the Olden Time; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Gibson, R. J. Harvey, m.a., f.r.s.e., Lecturer in Botany, University 
College, Liverpool. The Life History of a Primrose ; illustrated by 
Experiments. 

Grossman, Karl, m.d. The Human Eye ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Herdman, W.A., D.sc, F.L.S., Professor of Natural History, University 
College, Liverpool. The Life History of our Common Frog ; 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, 



14 

Hewitt, William, b.sc. Thermometers and their Uses ; illustrated 
hy the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Hicks, J. S., f.k.c.s., f.l.s. Sea Anemones; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Jeffs, Osmuxd W. Ancient Stone Monuments ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light, 

Jones, Rev. W. Hexrt. Hungary : its People, Stories, and Music ; 
illustrated with Diagrams. 

JUDE, W. H., Principal, Liverpool Organ School. The Eloquence of 
Music ; with Vocal and Instrumental Illustrations. 

Leslie, Frank J., f.k.g.s. Stories from Lancashire History. The 
Jacobites in Lancashire ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
(2 lectures.) 

Lund, Rev. T. W. M., m.a. Through the S. Gothard Tunnel ; illustrated 
by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

MacCunn, John, m.a., Professor of Philosophy and Political Economy, 
University College, Liverpool. What is Socialism ? 

McMillan, Robert. The Life History of our Common Crab ; illustrated 
by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Rendall, G. H., m.a., Principal, University College, Liverpool. Elegies 
in Marble from Greek Tombs ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light. 

RiGBY, Rev. E. A., s.J., Professor of Physics, Stonyhurst College. The 
Formation of Chalk by Animalcules ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Sharp, Charles. The Art of Story Telling ; with some Stories not to 
be found in Books. 

Shaw, H. S. Hele, Professor of Engineering, University College, 
Liverpool. The Rise and Progress of Steam Navigation ; illustrated 
by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 



15 

Snape, Thomas. African Exploration; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light. 

Stewart, W. J., b.a. Some English Abbeys ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Strong, Herbert A., m.a., ll.d., Professor of Latin, University 
College, Liverpool. Early Explorers of Australasia ; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Stubbs, Captain Edward, r.n. Sailing Ships of All Ages and 
Nations ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

White, Rev. W. Moore, m.a., ll.d., A Visit to the Laud of the Pharoahs ; 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

WlGLESWORTH, JosEPH, M.D. The Nerves and the Brain : how we 
Feel and how we Act ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Williams, Rev. S. Fletcher. Sir Philip Sidney; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

AUTUMN LECTURES. 

These Lectures are intended to be of a more advanced character and 
higher educational value than the Winter Series, and are given in short 
courses. This year they numbered fifteen, and those of a scientific 
character proved exceptionally attractive, notwithstanding the small 
payments of a penny and threepence, which the Committee for the first 
time required for admission. The total attendances were 8,558, or an 
average of 570 per lecture. The names of the lecturers and subjects 
are as follows : — 
Four Lectures on "Astronomy," by Sir Robert S. Ball, ll.d., f.r.s. 

Two Lectures on 'The World of the Minutest Life," by the Rev. W. H. 
Dallinger, ll.d., f.r.s. 

Two Lectures on " the Bone Caves and the Early Inhabitants of 
Europe," by Prof. Boyd Dawkiks, m,a., f.r.s. 

Three Lectures on "Art: the Expression of a Nation's Character and 
Aspirations," by P. H. Rathbone, Esq., j.p. 

Four Lectures on " The Principles of Geography," by W. Hewitt, b. sa 



16 



LENDING LIBKARIES. 

Table I. — General Statistics : — 





1888. 


1887. 




Xorth 
Branch. 


South 
Branch. 


Total. 


North 
Branch. 


South 
Branch. 


Total. 


Volumes lent 


217,659 

2,049 

2,418 

1,999 

4,438 

25 

5 

257 

659 

559 

23,807 


209,873 

2,167 

2, .359 

2,037 

4,597 

26 

4 

292 

676 

564 

23,476 


427,532 

4,216 

4,777 

4,036 

9,035 

51 

9 

549 

1,335 

1,123 

47,283 


203,200 
2,029 

2,388 

1.928 

4,388 

15 

272 

406 

632 

23,505 


202,071 
2,276 
2,12] 
2,038 
4,467 
24 

77 

751 

670 

23,204 


405,271 
4,305 
4,509 
3,966 
8,855 
39 


New Tickets issued 


Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Total Readers 

Books lost or injured and paid for 
Books lost 


Volumes worn out — withdrawn . . 
Volumes worn out — replaced .... 

No. of vols, added . . 

Total vols, in Libraries 


349 

1,157 

1,302 

46,709 



Table II.— Shewing Classification of Volumes Lent and Added 



Theology 

Natural Philosophy 

Natural History 

Science and Arts 

Histor)' and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities . 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature . . . 
Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce and Political Economy 
Education, Language, and Logic 

Poetry and Drama 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics . . 
Books for the Blind 



Total . 



Volumes Lent. 



Volumes Added. 



North 
Branch. 



3,440 

3,264 

2,315 

10,399 

8,321 

948 

5,640 

12,350 

369 

882 

1,718 

1,354 

166,432 

157 

70 



South 
Branch. 



217,659 209,873 



2,716 

3,068 

1,927 

8,716 

8,311 

1,044 

6,026 

12,691 

224 

645 

1,309 

932 

161,808 

311 

145 



North 
Branch. 



6,156 

6,3.32 

4,242 

19,115 

16,632 

1,992 

11,666 

25,041 

593 

1,527 

3,027 

2,286 

328,240 

468 

215 



16 

15 

23 

42 

74 

5 

25 

121 

5 

4 

7 

8 

214 



427,532 559 



South 
Branch. 



16 

15 
18 
45 
76 
5 
30 
119 



215 



32 
30 
41 
87 

150 
10 
55 

240 

11 

9 

13 

16 

429 



564 ; 1,123 



BRANCH EVENING READING ROOMS. 



Place. 
Chatsworth Street Board School 
Low Hill School ... 
Queen's Road Board School 
Stanley Road Board School 
Wellington Road School ... 



29,252 
14,365 
20,480 
28,965 
21,715 



Average 
per night. 

96 
47 
67 
95 

72 



Total 



114,777 



377 



17 

MUSEUM. 





1888 


1887. 




(214 Days.) 


(215 Days.) 


Total visitors in the year . . 


. . 291,754* 


255,616 


Weekly Average 


5,687 


4,915 


Daily Average 


1,363 


1,188 



VisiTOKS TO Museum. 
The Visitors to the Museum during the year have been as follows : — 

Increase. 
36,138 
772 
175 
* Including Monday evening visitors from Oct. 1 to Dec. 31. 

Students from the Training College, Burning Road, from the Training 
College, Mount Pleasant, from the Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, 
from the Wallasey Grammar School, and from various other Schools. 

Science Students, Artists, Curators, Travellers, and numerous other 
persons, visiting the Museum for special purposes. 

The attendance of children of school age on Saturdays, is very 
noticeable, stimulated it is believed, by the interest excited by the 
circulating school cabinets noted further on. 

MONDAY EVENING LECTURERS AND SUBJECTS. 

Museum Addresses. 

Oct. 1. — Introductory, by the Rev. H. H. Higgins, M.A. 

Oct. 8. — On the Monotreme, Marsupial, Edentate, and Rodent 

Mammalia, by the Curator. 
Oct. 15.— On Glass Skeletons, by Mr. R. McMillan. 
Oct. 22.— On Gems and Precious Stones, by Mr. F. P. Marrat. 
Oct. 29.— On Zoophytes and Jelly Fishes, by Professor Herdman, 

F.R.S.E. 
Nov. 5. — On Flowers of the Sea, by Mr. J. Brack Warriuer. 
Nov. 12.— On the Marine Fishes in the Aquaria, by Mr. E. Paden. 
Nov. 19.— On the Skeleton of the Hand and Foot in Man and Animals, 

by Mr. G. F. Moore. 
Nov. 26.— On the Ancient Civilization of Babylon and Egypt, by 

the Rev. F. F. Grensted, M.A. 



18 

Dec. 3. — On the Liverpool Potteries, by Mr. P. Entwistle. 

Dec. 10. — On Watches and Time Measurers, by Mr. T. Tarlfcton. 

Dec. 17. — On Land and Sea Crabs, by Mr. J. Chard. 

Dec. 24.— On Insects : What are they ? By Dr. J. W. Ellis. 

Dec. 31. — On Cattle and Sheep, by the Curator. 

The total number of visitors to the Museum on the fourteen Monday 
Evenings from October 1 to December 31 amounted to 4,291, giving an 
average of 306 per evening. 

The visitors were of all classes and ages, working men predominating. 
Their demeanour was all that could be desired, and no instance has 
occurred of the levity and boisterousness which led to the discontinuance 
of the first experiments in Monday evening openings which were 
commenced in October, 1863, and were terminated in March, 1871. 

Circulating Museum Collections. 
The Circulating Museum Collections for Educational purposes in 
Public Elementary Schools withiu the City, introduced by the Rev. H. 
H. Higgins in 1884, continue to be received with much favour by 
Teachers. Numerous applications are also received and granted for the 
loan of Duplicates to Teachers and Pupil Teachers in illustration of 
special object lessons. 

Some additional circulating cabinets have been prepared and others 
are in hand. 

Cooke Bequest of Beitish Lepidopteea. 

The re-arrangement of this collection has been kindly carried on to 
completion by Dr. J. W. Ellis ; and selected drawers therefrom have been 
exhibited from time to time at the meetings of the Lancashire and 
Cheshire Entomological Society. 

Fish and Reptile Room. 
The room devoted to the display of the principal forms of Fish, 
Amphibia and Reptiles, was opened to the Public on Easter Monday, 
and has proved to be a very attractive aud important feature, not only 
on account of the species living in the present age, but also on account 
of the representations of some of the extinct forms. 



19 

PlOTOBIAL GbOUPS. 

Among the Picfcoral Groups of Birds mounted during the past year, 
the most notable are the Penguins. These birds represent in the 
Southern Ocean the Auks and Divers of the Northern Seas of which 
groups have been previously prepared. Being adapted in the highest 
degree to a life in the water the Penguins represent among birds the 
Seals among Mammals with many corresponding adaptations. These 
are shown as far as circumstances permit in the arrangement of the 
specimens and groups, which illustrate all the principal forms and most 
of the known species. 

Exchanges. 

A gigantic Sea Pen, Pennatula borealis from the North Sea, received 
in exchange from the Bergen Museum, per Mr. J. A. Greig, Curator. 

Specimens of Starfish, Echini, Ammonites, &c., from California, 
collected by Mrs. Van Home. 

A Nest of a Tree Trap-door Spider (probably Moggridgia Dyeri, 
0. P. Cambridge), from Graham's Town, South Africa, received in 
exchange from Mr. Frederick Taylor. 

Two living specimens of Menopoma or " Hellbender " (Cryptobranchus 
alleghaniensis): two Axolotls (larval forms probably of the American 
Salamander, Amhlystoma tigrinum) ; sixteen specimens of the Cat-Fish, 
Amiurus catus, and eleven specimens of Salt-water Terrapin {Malaelemmys 
eoncentrica) for the Aquaria, received from Mr. Eugene Blackford, 
United States Fish Commissioner, New York, in return for living 
specimens of the Common Sole, per the Britannic, through the kind 
offices of Messrs. Ismay, Imrie & Co. 

Bones and Horns of Bison priscus and Stag, from Caves in the Lake 
District, from Prof. W. Boyd Dawkins, Owens College, Manchester. 

Donations. 

A specimen of Variegated Wood Opal, from "Wady Haifa, Soudan ; 
collected and presented by Brigade Surgeon S. Archer, per Mr. F. Archer. 



20 

A specimen of the Sponge of Commerce growing on a group of spiral 
Tenagoda anguina, from Smyrna ? ; presented by Mr. Chas. Avgerinos. 

Specimens of Sulphur, Mud, and Pumice, &c., from the great Tarawera 
Eruption, New Zealand, presented by Mr. E. Ernest Bilbrough, 
Auckland, N.Z., formerly of Liverpool. 

An adult female specimen of Pallas's Three-toed Sand Grouse, 
Si/rrhaijtes paradoxus ; presented by Sir Thos. Brocklebank, Bart., being 
one of five shot at Storeton in Wirral. 

All aberrant form of Spider Gonyleptis anvipes, from Chili ; presented 
by Capt. Cooper. 

A small Bat from Savanilla, U.S.C. ; a large Beetle, Megalosoma 
elephas, from the Interior, U.S.C. ; a Water Beetle, Belostoma, and a 
small Spear Kay from Magdalena ; collected and presented by Capt. H. 
Daniel. 

A Lump Fish, Cyclopterus hanpus ; presented by Mr. Councillor 
J. Duncan, Juur. 

A fine specimen of the Great Lake Trout, from Lough Neagh, 
weighing 22 lbs. ; presented by Mr. W. A. Duncan. 

The skull of an adult Sea Otter, Enhydris lutris, (Lutra marina), 
Steller, from the Kurile Islands, and a small Bat from India ; presented 
by Mr. T. R. Green of Yokohama, per Mr. W. Walthew. 

A specimen of the Tope, Galeus vulgaris, a small Shark nearly five 
feet in length, caught in the Mersey off Tranmere ; presented by Messrs. 
J. Gordon Alison and Co. 

Three Common Snakes, N^atrix torquata, caught near Wrexham ; 
presented alive by Mr. Joseph Griffiths. 

A specimen of the Slow Worm or Blind Worm, Anguis fragilis, from 
Germany, caught and presented by Dr. Hanitsch. 

A large stuffed Flying Fish (Exoccetus) from the Atlantic ; collected 
and presented by Capt. Thomas Hening. 



21 

Two Fossil Shells, Purpura (Purjmrina) Morrisii, from the great 
Oolite, Minchinbampton, presented by the Royal Institution, per the 
Rev. H. H. Higgins, M.A. 

A Red-uaped Falcon, Falco Bahylaniciis and two Jugger Falcons, 
Falco Jugger, Latham, from Quetta, India; presented by Mr. B. 
Heywood Jones. 

Two large Ear Bones taken from a South African Whale; presented 
by Mr. John Jones, per Mrs. Joseph Leyland. 

A fine male specimen in spirit of the Pichiciego, {Chlamydophoriis 
truncatus) found in Meudoza, specially procured for the Museum ; 
presented by Mr. Anthony Libert. 

A Common Suake, Xatrix torquata, caught at Wavertree ; presented 
by Mr. Thomas Lowe; 

A collection of small samples of Raw Commercial Products as 
imported into Liverpool ; also a Copper-head Snake, a Horned Frog 
(I'hrynosoma) and a small Glass Snake, from Kansas; presented by Mr. 
Charles Makin. 

A Collection of Corals for the use of Students (forty-five small 
specimens of thirty named species), and seven selected Cowry Shells, 
viz. : — Six varieties of Cyprcea paniherina and one of Cyprcea tigris, also 
a Fossil Shell, Exogyra conica, from the Greensand; presented by Mr. 
F. P. Marrat. 

Two specimens from Storeton Quarry, presented by the Royal 
Institution of Liverpool, per Mr. G. H. Morton, F.G.S., viz. :— A 
so-called Fucus ; and the type and only known Storeton specimen 
of Equisetites Keuperina, named and figured by Mr. Morton in his 
" Geology of the Country around Liverpool." 

A large and highly finished Model of the S.S. America in plate glass 
case ; presented by the National Steam Ship Company, per Mr. E. K 
Hayward, Secretary. 

A specimen of the American race of the Peregrine Falcon {Falco 
peregrinus, var. anatum) ; presented by Mr. G. Preston. 



22 

Four large Cobra or Hooded Snakes, Naia iripudians, oue Indian 
Snake, two Tree Snakes, and a bottle of small floating marine specimens 
labelled " Surface, Equator, 25 degrees W. Long." ; presented by 
Capt. W. C. 8eabrook, Sbip Lord Lytton, per Messrs. Steeves Bros. 

A living specimen of the Common Guillemot, I.omvia. troile, caught 
on Bidston Hill ; presented by Mr. F. Skinner. 

A specimen of Coral, Madrepora variabilis, Ked Sea; presented by 
Mr. E. Taylor. 

Specimens of Trap-door Spiders and their Nests, probably Moggridgia 
Dyeri, of 0. P. Cambridge, recently discovered in South Africa building 
on the trunks of Oak and Kaffir Boom Trees, specially procured for 
the Museum ; presented by Mr. Frederick Taylor. 

Three specimens of a Longicorn Beetle, Astinomus (edilis, and their 
borings in Baltic Lathwood, from the North Docks ; presented by Mr. 
Kobert Thomas, per Mr. H. C. Beasley. 

A collection of small Marine Invertebrates and a few Fish collected 
during a voyage from London to Sydney and San Francisco ; presented 
with notes by Capt. W. H. Cawue Warren, Associate of the Lit. and 
Phil. Society, Liverpool. 

Twenty-nine specimens illustrative of the more important Elements ; 
presented by Mr. H. N. Warren, on payment of expenses of preparing 
and mounting. 

A fine male specimen of the Golden-eye Duck (Clangula glaucion). 
Nest and four eggs of the Common Snipe, from the Western Islands ; and 
three eggs of the Manx Shearwater, Paffinus anglorwn, from the Isle of 
Lewis ; collected and presented by Mr. Thomas West. 

Purchases. 
The principal purchases have been as follows : — 

A fine adult skull of the rare Marco Polo's Wild Sheep, Ovis Polii, 
Blyth, from Central Asia, at an elevation of 16,000 feet. 

Marco Polo in his celebrated Book of Travels through Central Asia 
in the 15th Century was the first to make known tlie existence ot 



28 

extremely large races of Wild Sheep in the elevated plains of Pamir, 
eastward of Bokhara, 16,000 feet above the sea level. These are 
now known to consist of several closely allied species, the first of which 
was named in 1840 in honour of the celebrated traveller, from the 
only skull and horns then known in Europe. In very recent years 
other species have been named and described by Explorers, but all are 
surpassed in size by the Ovis Polil, of which the head and horns 
purchased for the Liverpool Museum is an exceedingly fine example, 
the horns of which measure 53 inches round the outer curve, and 
15 inches round the base, and 42 between the tips. 

A new-born Porpoise {Phoccena communis), taken alive in the net 
of a shrimping boat off the S. West Bar Light Ship. 

A stuffed specimen of a young Walrus {Trichecus rosmarus, 
Linnaeus) from the Greenland Seas. 

A disarticulated skeleton of the Jaguar {Felis Onca, Linnaeus), in 
which every component bone of the skull, body, and limbs is mounted 
separately from its neighbours, and are also removable in groups for 
study. 

Two skulls of Sharks from India. 

Three specimens of the Common Chough from Sligo. 

Two large Spider Shells, Pteroceras truncatuni, and a Coral 
{Madrepora aculeus). 

A Shell, Cassis tuherosa, three Corals, Manicina areolata, and two 
Lophoseris divaricata, from the West Indies. 

Seven specimens of four species of Fossil Shells, {Inoceramus), from 
the Chalk. 

Four polished sections of Fossil Corals, viz. — Acervularia luxurians, 
Dudley, transverse section, and longitudinal section, Lithostrotiov 
martini, Avon, and Favosites, Wenlock Limestone. 

An oval specimen of Landscape ]\Iocha Stone (Chalcedony with an 
infiltration of Manganese). 



24 

A specimen of Celestine from Gloucestershire, a specimen of 
Vanadiate of Lead or Wulfenite from Arizona and a Crystal of Amazon 
Stone (Felspar). 

A specimen of Serpentine. 

Eight specimens of three species of Minerals from Alston Moor, 
Cumberland, Green Fluor containing a movable drop of fluid, Sulphate 
of Baryta, Calcite, &c. 



MAYER MUSEUM. 
Donations. 

Club, from Guiana ; presented by Mr. Philip H. Rathbone, J. p. 

Miniature, painted on ivory ; portrait of Carignoni ; presented by 
Chevalier C. de W. Stoess. 

Roman Glass Beads, and four Carnelian Beads ; presented by Mr. 
William Bartlett. 

Stone Celt, and fifteen Arrow-Heads, found in graves, James River, 
North Carolina ; presented by Mr. H. Leaton Edwards. 

Cup, in light-coloured pottery, Greek, from Pompei ; presented by 
Mr. T. A. Hampson. 

Works of two Watches, made by "Jas. Thearwood, London," and 
" Higginson and Fairclough, Liverpool"; presented by Mr. Evan 
Roberts. 

Five Coins, found in the garden of the " Old Cheshire Cheese " Inn 
Wallasey ; presented by Mr. William Roe. 

Purchases. 

A selection of specimens was purchased at Mr. James Cross's sale, 
consisting chiefly of Metal-work from Hyderabad, Benares, Persia, and 
Japan ; Japanese Pottery, viz. : — Kioto, Kutani, Imari, Satsuma, and 
Hizen Wares ; Delft Ware, Flint-lock Pistols, Swords, &c, 

French Verge Watch, finely enamelled. 

Two Mugs, in cream-coloured pottery, with printed landscapes in 
front, made by Elijah Mayer, Hanley, Stafi'ordshire, 



25 

Pair of Staffordshire Ware Figures, the Cobbler and his Wife. 

Modern Japanese Metal-work Inkstand. 

Two Watch Papers, finely cut by hand. 

Japanese Ivory Netsuki or Button. 

Two Buttons, mounted in brass. French, 1790. 

Two Japanese Ivory Carvings. 

Fur Coat, Jacket, Hooded Caps, Leggings, Bags and Pouches, from 
the Samoyede Tribes in the neighbourhood of the Samoyede Peninsula. 

Modern Japanese Iron Vase, elaborately damascened with gold and 
silver. 

Abyssinian Manuscript. 

Necklaces, in cast iron and wire-work, made at Berlin for the ladies 
who gave up their jewellery to be made into coins for the payment of 
the troops in the Franco-German War, Battle of Leipzig, 1813. 

Loan. 

Collection of Ancient Hindu Grods and Sacred Vessels, in brass and 
copper; collected and lent by Mr. E. Hodges, A.M.I.C.E., Department 
of Public Works, India. 

WALKER ART GALLERY. 

During the year the Gallery has been open on 292 days, and closed 

'for cleaning and other purposes on 21 days. The total number of 

Ivisitors was 460,937 or a daily average attendance of 1,578. Included 

in the above total are 71,495 visitors to the Autumn Exhibition, and 

10,000 pupils of schools of various denominations admitted free. 

An Exhibition of the works of M. Vasili Verestchagin illustrating 
scenes in the Holy Land, India, Russia, and battle incidents was held 
in the Gallery during the months of January and February. A 
numerously-attended Conversazione was held at the opening, when the 
Artist gave a short lecture describing the collection. The Exhibition in 
all respects was highly successful. 



26 

During March and April the new rooms were occupied with an 
International Exhibition of Photographs and appliances shewing the 
development of this branch of science. During the season numerous 
lectures were given illustrated by the Oxy hydrogen Light, and several 
Conversaziones were held ; the Exhibition was under the auspices of the 
Liverpool Amateur Photographic Association, and excited great interest, 
the attendance being very large. 

In May the Liverpool Society of Painters in "Water Colours, held 
their Annual Exhibition in the Gallery. 

Another important event which occurred in the Gallery during the 
year was the meetings of the first Art Congress of the National 
Association for the advancement of Art, which took place from 
December 3rd to the 7th, under the presidency of Sir Frederick 
Leighton, Bart., P.R.A., the Chairman of the Local Committee being 
Sir James A. Picton. The whole of the building was placed at the 
disposal of the Association during their hours of meeting, five 
rooms being set apart for the reading of papers, exhibition of objects 
and discussion, and on Thursday, December 6th, the Gallery, Picton 
Eeading Room and Mayer Collection were thrown open to Members 
and Associates for a Conversazione. 

The picture of the " Captive Andromache," by Sir F. Leighton, formed 
a prominent object in the Autumn Exhibition. A desire was expressed 
in many quarters to secure this picture for our Permanent Gallery. 
The Committee in response to this feeling entered into negotiations 
with the Artist for the purchase of the picture which resulted in a 
provisional agreement at the price of £4,000. This was negatived by 
the Council, and no purchases out of the Exhibition have been made 
this year. 

The Statistics will be found below. 

List of Woeks added to the Permanent Collection, 



i 



Donations — 
Portrait of H. Lonsdale Elmes, Architect of St. George's Hall, 
engraved by T. 0. Barlow, R.A. ; presented by Lucas P. Stubbs, Esq. 



27 

Drawing in Indian Ink of St. George's Hall ; presented by Lucas 
P. Stubbs, Esq. 

" On the Wharfe " (Water Colour), by Albert Hartland; bequeathed 
by the late Thomas Occleshead, Esq. 
Ik Pair Sevres' Vases ; presented by S. H. Thompson, Esq., of Thingwall. 

Reproductions of Drawings, by Old Masters (Part 1) ; presented by 
the Trustees of the British Museum. 

"The Last Man" (Oil Painting), by John Martin, K.L. ; presented 
by Richard R. Heap, Esq. 

"Neariug the Needles" (Oil Painting), by Henry Moore, A.R.A. ; 
purchased from the Autumn Exhibition of 1888, and presented by 
George Holt, Esq. 

Purchases — 
Photographs (2 vols.) ot Casts iu the Royal Architectural Museum. 

" Embers " (Oil Painting), by the late F. M. Potter. 

" The Death of Nelson " (Oil Painting), by S. Drummond, A.R.A. 

Autumn Exhibition of Pictures. 



Number of Pictures and other Works 
of Art Exhibited 



Number of Pictures sold 

Amount realized by sales 

Season Tickets sold 

Admissions at One Shilling 

,, Sixpence 

, , Threepence 

Catalogues sold 

Commission on sales 

Miscellaneous Receipts 

Total Receipts, exclusive of sales 



1888. 



1,412 
168 

2,172 
29,465 
24,938 
14,925 
19,472 



s. d. 



6,461 6 

384 1 
1,473 5 

623 9 

186 11 

524 17 

268 16 9 

40 3 3 

3,501 3 9 



1887. 



1,279 
181 

1,256 
17,775 
15.597 
20,800 
16,214 



4,791 19 

216 4 

888 15 

389 18 6 

260 

371 2 3 

185 3 9 

18 11 

2,329 14 fi 



The following table will be read with interest : — 



28 





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15 JUL 1898 



1 



I 





THIRTY-SEVENTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY 

MUSEUM, 



AND 



^VALKER ART GALLERY, 

OF THE 

CITY OF LIVERPOOL, 

For the Year ending 31st December, 1889. 




LIVERPOOL: 
J, R. WILLIAMS & CO., PRINTERS, 8, SCHOOL LANE. 

1890. 




M 



THIRTY-SEVENTH 

ANNUAL REPORT 
OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY 

MUSEUM, 



AND 



WALKER ART GALLERY, 

OF THE 

CITY OF LIVERPOOL, 

For the Year ending 31st December, 1889. 





LIVERPOOL: 
J. B. WILLIAMS & CO., PRINTERS, S, SCHOOL LANE. 

1890. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 

FOR THE YEARS 1889-90. 



THOMAS HUGHES, ESQ., MAYOR. 

(S.ommitUt. 

ALDERMAN EDWARD SAMUELSON, J. P., CHAIRMAN. 
THOMAS HOLDER, ESQ., J.P., DEPUTY CHAIRMAN. 



GEORGE H. BALL, ESQ., 
ALDERMAN A. BOWER, J. P., 
WILLIAM B. BO WRING, ESQ., 
LIEUT.-COL. A. H. BROWN, M.P., 
WILLIAM CLARKSON, ESQ., 
ANDREW COMMINS, ESQ., LL.D., M.P., 
JOHN DAVIES, ESQ., 
ALDERMAN SIR W. B. FOR WOOD, J. P., 



ROBERT HAMILTON, ESQ., 
JAMES HENDERSON, ESQ., 
REV. HENRY H. HIGGINS, M.A., 
ROBERT D. HOLT, ESQ., J.P. 
ALDERMAN W. J. LUNT, 
JEREMIAH MILES, ESQ., J. P., 
ALDERMAN T. W. OAKSHOTT, J.P. 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE, ESQ., J.P. 



SIR ANDREW B. WALKER, BART. 

(BIjtef liilirarian : 
PETER COWELL. 

^ub-fEibrarian : 
THOMAS FORMBY. 

ffiHrator of tlje ^SlHSJum : 
THOMAS J. MOORE. 

(Conrljolngist, ^ineralnjjist, \^r. : 
F. P. MARBAT. 

(Enrator of tljc Malktr ^rt (BallErg : 
CHARLES DYALL. 



H tribute* 

When the master-mind ceases to inspire and direct, it not iinfrequently 
occurs that the functions of those by whom it was influenced become 
paralysed ; and such was the feeling of perplexity which possessed his 
colleao-ues when the death of their President was unexpectedly announced. 

The late Sir James Allanson Picton, Kt., F.S.A., first entered the 
Council Chamber of the Corporation of Liverpool in 1849, and in the 
early part of the following year measures were taken by him which 
resulted in the establishment of a Free Public Library, of which he 
became its president — a position he occupied to the time of his death — 
he encouraged and fostered its progress in every conceivable form, and 
he lived to see it attain its highest state of efficiency — " perfect in all its 
parts." 

To him the public of Liverpool, and more particidarly so, the rising 
generation, are indebted for advantages which it is impossible to over- 
estimate, and which such an institution as the Free Public Library, 
Museum, and Gallery of Art will be the means of developing in the future. 

On the 15th July, 1889, and in the 84th year of his age, the intellect 

which devised, and the energies which sustained him in the performance 

of his alloted task were arrested in the fulness of their vigour by the Great 

Disposer of Events, leaving mens' minds impressed with the conviction 

. that " his good works will surely follow him." 



GENERAL REPORT. 



Although the Committee have been beset by difficulties of a varied 
nature, chiefly in their financial aspects, they are encouraged to believe 
that their labours during the past year were sustained and appreciated by a 
community who continue to aA'ail themselves in such large numbers of 
the advantages which the institution affords. 

The parliamentary powers obtained during the last session now enables 
the Committee to administer the " Library and Museum Act of 1852 " 
to the fullest extent, and frees it from many moot points which heretofore 
presented themselves, notably so, that a doubt has been dispelled as to 
the Lending Libraries forming a part of the Corpus of the main Library 
in William Brown Street. 

The exigencies of our trade and commerce having of recent years 
necessitated the mioration of a large and industrial section of the 
community to a residential neighbourhood somewhat removed from the 
centre of the City, it was deemed desirable in their interest to extend 
the area of the District Libraries, resulting in the erection of one in the 
Township and Ward of West Derby, which it is hoped will be utilized 
to its utmost capacity, for it may here be mentioned that in addition to 
le Circulating Library which has been supplied with a higher 
Itandard of literature, a commodious Reading Room has been attached 
it. 

The extent to which District Libraries may ultimately be established 
nU greatly depend upon the financial resources of the Committee, and 
3on that question the dictum of the ratepayers must sooner or later be 
renounced. 

In the Museum Department a series of addresses have been delivered 
persons competent to demonstrate the advantages of the study of 
fatural History. 

A higher standard of Public Lectures has been aimed at, as will be 
lade obvious by glancing at last year's programmes, more particularly 
), those of the Autumn course treating on scientific subjects, which have 
kecessitated a small entrance charge being made. 

The Art Department, which has been emulated by so many other 
lunicipalities, continues to hold out encouragement to the serious art 



6 

student as well as to the amateur, and the results are shown by the 
flourishing condition and the increasing number of Art Societies 
springing up in our midst, which it is hoped may one day become the 
incentives to Technical Education. 

In order to maintain the general efficiency of the institution, the 
Members of the Committee have fully realized the responsibility which 
has been cast upon them in their individual capacity. A redistribution 
of the work has recently taken place, in which they have to acknowledge 
the willing co-operation of the Librarians and Curators of the several 
departments. 

Signed on behalf of the Committee, 

EDWARD SAMUELSON, 

Chairman. 

REFERENCE LIBRARY. 

The Statistics to which paramount importance must always be attached, 
show that there have been issued during the past year 444,649 volumes. 
Compared with the issues of last year, this shows a decrease of 57,649 
volumes. The decrease has been proportionate in the several classes of litera- 
ture into which the books are divided, except Latin and Greek Classics, 
which exhibit an increase of 485 volumes. The volumes added during 
the year number 2,404. The effect of good and bad trade upon employ- 
ment is always apparent in the work of the Library by the decrease 
or increase of the books issued to those frequenting the Reading Rooms, 
and the present improvement in trade is no doubt the direct cause of 
the diminution of books issued both this year and last ; and the books 
borrowed from the Lending Libraries also show a decrease to the 
extent of 42,106 volumes, due no doubt to the same cause. The 
number of books referred to which have been classified in the following 
table by no means represents the whole of the work of the Library. 
The issues of quarterly, monthly, and weekly periodicals which are 
placed in the Picton Reading Room, so that readers may select for 
themselves the periodical wanted without the necessity of making 
a formal apphcation, are estimated at 111,143. These periodicals are all 
of a strictly scientific or literary character. In the BroM'n Reading 
Room, where the literature issued is of a more recreative and popular 
kind, the various periodicals lent, in addition to the volumes of prose 



i 



fiction, volumes of the Graphic, Illustrated London News, Punch, &c., 
included in the table, number 112,430. To this must be further added 
78,048 Directories and 17,125 volumes of Patents. A section of this 
room forms the Newspaper department, and various countings of the 
readers here present at one time give an average of not less than 700 
per day, or 189,700 during the year. The foregoing figures combined 
make a grand total of 763,395 books and periodicals issued during the 
past year, and this apart from the enormous number of persons who 
come to consult or read the various newspapers. 



Table. — Showing the issue of books and their classification. 

Classification. Volumes. Average 

Theology, Morals, &c 16,696 61 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c. ... ... ... 15,650 59 

Natural History 7,834 25 

Science and the Arts 25,487 94 

History and Biography ... ... ... ... ... 18,440 68 

Topography and Antiquities ... ... ... ... 6,646 24 

Voyages and Travels ... ... ... .. ... 9,694 36 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 

Essays, Reviews, Societies' Proceedings, &c., in 

volumes) 126,262 465 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics ... ... ... 4,902 18 

Commerce, Political Economy, and Statistics ... ... 3,761 14 

Education and Language ... ... ... ... 6,845 25 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature ... ... ... 10,239 .38 

Prose Fiction 171,697 632 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations ... ... 3,679 14 

Encyclopaedias, and Works of General Reference ... 16,817 62 

Total 444,649 1,640 



Table. — Showing the number and classification of works contained 
in the Library. 

Classification. Volumes. 

Theology, Morals, &c 7,124 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c. ... ... ... ... ... 2,295 

Natural History 5,200 

Science and the Arts ... ... .. ... ... ... ... 11,026 

History and Biography ... ... ... ... ... ... 12,180 

Topography and Antiquities ... ... ... ... ... ... 5,169 

Voyages and Travels ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 5,104 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, Essays, 

Reviews, Societies' Proceedings, &c., in volumes) 22,554 

Jurisprudence, Law and Politics ... ... ... ... ... 7,788 

Commerce, Political Economy &c 1,447 

Education and Language ... ... ... ... ... ••• 1,524 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature ... ... ... ... ... 3,943 

Prose Fiction ».. 5,323 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations ... ... ... ... 903 

Encyclopaedias, and Works of General Reference ... ... 3,169 



Total 



94,749 



The following Periodicals, Newspaper?, &c., have been presented 
regularly by the respective Publishers : — 



Amateur Photographer 

American Settler 

Anglo-American Times 

Bible Advocate 

Birmingham and Sheffield Hardware 
Circular 

Bootle Times 

Brewers' Guardian 

British and Colonial Printer and 
Stationer 

British Temperance Advocate 

Builders' Weekly Reporter 

Cambridge Examiner 

Cape Argus 

Church of England Temperance 
Chronicle 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 

Citizen 

Civil Service Times 

Clerks' Journal 

Colonies and India 

County Council Gazette 

Day of Days 

Ecclesiastical Observer 

Electrical Eeview 

Electrician 

Englishwoman's Review 

Financial Reformer 

Fireside 

Fireside News 

Good Health 

Hand and Heart 

Herald of Health 

Home Words 

Homoeopathic World 

Illustrated Medical News 

In His Name 

Invention 

Irish Times 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 

Jewish World 

Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 

Journal of the Statistical Society 

Leeds Times 

Liberal Unionist 

Light 

Literary News 

Literary Society 



Liverpool Catholic Times 

Liverpool Courier (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Echo 

Liverpool Express 

Liverpool Halfpenny Weekly 

Liverpool Journal of Commerce 

Liverpool Mercury (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Porcupine 

Liverpool Post (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Programme 

Liverpool Review 

Liverpool University Magazine 

Liverpool Y.M.C.A. Journal 

Manchester Geographical Society 

Journal 
Manufacturer 
Medium 
Miller 

Mona's Herald 
Musical Herald 
Musical Society 
Money 

New Church Magazine 
Oddfellows' Magazine 
OfKcial Journal of the Patent Office 
Oxford Chronicle 
Personal Rights' Journal 
Pitman's Musical Monthly 
Present Truth 
Preston Herald 
Railway Review 
Recreation 
Research 
Rhyl Journal 

Richmond and Twickenham Times 
Sale and Exchange 
Script Phonographic Journal 
Shipping World 
Signs of the Times 

Sloan-DuployanPhonographicJournal 
Sunday Times 
Trade Marks Journal 
Two Worlds 
Tonic Sol-fa Reporter 
Vaccination Inquirer 
Vegetai-ian Messenger 
Western Daily Press 
Woman's Suffrage Journal 
Worcestershire Herald 
Zoophilist 



I 



Donations. 
Special Contribution made by the Executors ok the late 8ir 
Jambs Allanson Picton, Kt. : — 

An Annotated Copy of his " Memorials of Liverpool," evidently 
])repared for a third and revised edition of this valuable historical 
and topographical work. 
A Bust of the late Sir James Picton, executed in marble by 
J. A. P. McBride ; and the Trowel with which the foundation 
of the Extension of the Library Building bearing his name 
was laid. 

Best, W. T., Liverpool : — 

Bach's Organ Works, edited by AV. T. Best, 3 vols. ; Cecilia : 
Organ pieces in diverse styles, by W. T. Best, 3 vols. 

British IMuseum Trustees : — 

Publications of British Museum, viz. : — Catalogue of Fossil 
Reptilia, and Amphibia, by R. Lydekker, vol. 2 ; Catalogue of 
Greek Coins : Corinth, by B. V. Head ; Illustrations of Typical 
Specimens of Lepidoptera Heterocera, by A. G. Butler, vol. 7 ; 
Catalogue of Fossil Fishes, by Arthur Smith Woodward, vol. 1 ; 
Catalogue of Chelonians, by G. A. Boulenger. New edition ; and 
19 other volumes. 

Brown, Mrs. Sarah B. : — 

Musical Instruments and their homes, by Mary E. Brown and 
William A. Brown. 

Clarendon Press, Delegates of the : — 

Donation of Books selected from the Catalogue of the Clarendon 
Press to the amount of £25. 

Haldane, J. W. C, C.E., Liverpool : — 

Engineering popularly explained, by J. W. C. Haldane, C.E., 
2nd edition. 

Hammermen Incorporation, Perth. The ' Deacon and Haill 

BrETHER ' OF THE : 

Perth Hammermen Book, 1518-1568 ; with an Introductory Sketch, 
by Colin A. Hunt. 



10 

LiviXGSTOX. ALDER5IAX J. Cx., .J.P., Liverpool : — 

An Account of the Voyages for making discoveries in the Southern 
Hemisphere, by John Hawkesworth, ll.d., 3 vols. -ito. 1773. 

Lansdowne, The Most Honourable the Marquess of : — 

A Catalogue of the Ancient Marbles at Lansdowne House, based 
upon the work of Adolf Michaelis. 

London, Corporation of the City of : — 

Calendar of Wills proved and enrolled in the C/Ourt of Husting, 
London ; Vol. I : 1258-1358. Catalogue of the GuildhaU 
Library, 1889. 

Roberts, Isaac, f.r.a.s., MaghuU, Liverpool : — 
Photographs of the Stars. 

Stoess, Chevalier C. de. W., Liverpool : — 

Records (Documents, Newspaper Cuttings, &c.)of the RoyalJubilee 
Exhibition, Liverpool, 1887 ; Future of the Liverpool Exhibition 
(Collection of Newspaper Cuttings, &c.) 

Whitehead, Alderman Sir J., Bart. : — 

Report of the Artizans selected by the Mansion House Committee 
to Aisit the Paris Universal Exhibition, 1889. 

Other Books and Pamphlets, Reports, &c., have been received from the 
following donors, for which the Committee again beg to express their 
grateful acknowledgments : — 

Miss Mary H. Allies ; Alloa Public Library ; R. J. Anderson ; W. I. Argent ; Argentine 
Republic Consul, in Liverpool ; Thomas Armstrong ; Australian Museum Trustees ; 
Mrs. Katharine Backhouse ; Tlie Colonial Secretary for Barbados ; Barrow-in- 
Furness Free Public Librarj' ; Messrs. Bell and Sons ; Charles H. Beloe ; Messrs. 
Bennett & Co. ; Municipal Corporation of Berlin ; T. H. Bickerton, m.r.c.s. ; 
Birkenhead Literary and Scientific Society ; Birmingham Free Libraries ; 
Boston City Auditor ; Boston Public Library ; J. L. Bowes ; The Consxil General 
for Brazil ; Ramon Briseno ; British Association for the Advancement of Science ; 
S. K. Broadbent ; T. B. Browne ; T. N. Brushfield ; National Library, Buenos 
Aires ; Government of Bxirma (per F. Dresser) ; Dr. German Burmeister ; 
T. B. Burrow ; Cambridge University Correspondence College ; Cambridge 
University Syndicate ; Lewis Campbell, m.a., ll.d. ; Canada Department of the 
Interior ; Royal Society of Canada ; Commissioner for Canada, London ; 
Carl Rosa Opera Company ; Messrs. CasseU & Co, ; Alfred CasteUain, j.p. ; 
Edwin Chadwick, c.b. ; Patrick Chakners ; Board of Trade, Chicago ; James 
Christie ; Chamber of Commerce, Cincinnati ; Cincinnati Public Library ; 
Clerkenwell Free Public Library ; Cobdeu Club ; Abraliam Coles, m.u., 



11 

LL.D. ; Cuthbert CoHingwood ; James Conway; Cooper Union for the 
Advancement of Science and Art, New York; Messrs. Cope Brothers 
and Co.; Cornell University, New York, U.S.A.; Government of Costa Rica; 
Mrs. Rose Mary Crawshay ; Messrs. Curtis and Harvey; J. T. Danson ; 
Henry Dauber; Consul of the Republic of Uruguay; R. C. Davies ; 
Denver Chamber of Commerce, Colorado; Messrs. Dougal and Co.; Dublin 
University; Dundee Free Library; Durham University; George Easter; Rev. 
W. M. Ede ; Frederick W. Edwards ; Jolm W. Ellis, l.b.c.p., l.b.c.s.e., &c. ; 
Enoch Pratt Library, Baltimore, U.S.A.; Financial Reform Association; 
Francis Fisk ; H. T. Folkard ; Thomas Formby ; Rupert Garry ; General Society 
of Mechanics and Tradesmen, New York ; Glasgow Athenaeum ; Glasgow and 
West of Scotland Technical College; J. E. Goodchild; John Grant; W. N. 
Greenwood, f.e. met. soc. ; T. W. Greig ; Rev. William E. Griffis, d.d. ; GuiUe 
AUes Library, Guernsey ; Messrs. Guy and Co. ; Augustus Harris ; Sir Robert 
Hart, K.c.M.G. ; Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A. ; Rev. H. R. Haweis, 
M.A. ; Charles Hecksher ; C. G. Helleberg ; The Secretary, Hemenway Southwestern 
ArchEBological Expedition, Salem, Mass., U.S.A.; John Heywood; Historic Society of 
Lancashire and Cheshire ; Miss Edith A. Huntley ; The Rt. Hon. the Secretary 
of State for India; Indiana Bureau of Statistics, Indianapolis, U.S.A.; 
Institution of Civil Engineers ; Institution of ]\Iechanical Engineers ; Irish Loyal 
and Patriotic Union ; Messrs. Jepson and Co. ; Messrs. Jowett and Co. ; William 
Kingston ; Joseph Korosi ; Rev. W. S. Lach-SzjTma ; Lancashire and Cheshire 
Entomological Society; Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society; G. B. 
Lennard ; Library Reports from various Libraries ; The Editor of " Light " ; 
Liverpool Institutions, Societies, &c. : Architectural Society ; Amateur Photo- 
graphic Association; Astronomical Society; Auxiliary Bible Society; Catholic 
Reformatory Association; Church of England Scripture Readers' Society; 
Engineering Society; Geological Society; Geological Association; Horticul- 
tural Association; Literary and Philosophical Society; Liverpool Institute 
Teachers' Superannuation Society; Liverpool (Lyceum) Library; Medical 
Institute; IMercantile IMarine Service Association; Mersey Mission to Sea- 
men ; Microscopical Society ; Naturalists' Field Club ; Penny Savings Bank ; 
Philomathic Society; Polytechnic Society; Savings Bank ; School Board ; School 
of Science; School Ship "Conway;" Science Students' Association ; Seaman's 
Friend Society; Self -Help Emigration Society; Shipwreck and Humane Society; 
Sunday Society; Training Ship "Indefatigable;" University College; James 
McCosh ; Alexander B. IMacDowall, m.a. ; R. A. Macfie ; Joseph H. McGovem ; 
IMessrs. Maclure, INIacdonald and Co. ; Robert McMillan ; Charles Madeley ; 
Manchester Geographical Society; Manchester Geological Society; 
Manchester Microscopical Society; Manchester Statistical Society; Frederick 
P. Marrat ; Messrs. Marsden and Co. ; Mersey Docks and Harbour Board ; 
Geological and Natural History Sc.rvey of Minnesota ; Elias Molee ; National 
Academy of Sciences, Washington, U.S.A. ; National Association for the Advance- 
ment of Art ; National Association for the Promotion of Technical Education ; 
National Footpath Preservation Society; National Temperance Publication 
Depot; J. B. Nevins, m.d. ; New South Wales Government; The Proprietor, 
New Theatre Royal, Liverpool ; New York :\rercantile Library ; New York State 



12 

Agricultural Society ; Newberry Library, Chicago ; Newcastle-upon-Tyne Free 
Public Libraries ; University of North Wales ; Norwich Free Library ; Nottingham 
Free Public Libraries ; The Comptroller of Patents ; Pcabody Institute Library, 
Baltimore, U.S.A. ; The late Rev. S. J. Perry, s.j., d.sc. ; Philadelphia Academy 
of Natural Sciences ; Messrs. Phillipson and Golder ; The late Sir James A. Picton ; 
Messrs. Pitman and Sons ; The Lessee, Prince of Wales Theatre, Liverpool ; 
The Registrar of Patents, Queensland ; Sir Robert Rawlinson, k.c.b. ; 
T. Mellard Reade, c.e., r.G.s., &c. ; Admiral Sir G. H. Richards, k.c.b. ; The 
Rotunda Theatre Company, Liverpool; Royal Astronomical Society; Royal 
College of Surgeons, Ireland ; Royal Colonial Institute ; Royal Cornwall 
Polytechnic Society ; Royal Dublin Society ; Royal Institute of British Architects ; 
Royal National Life-boat Institution ; Royal Society of London ; Salem Public 
Library, U.S.A. ; Heinrich A. Schoetensack ; The Projsrietor, Shakespeare Theatre, 
Liverpool; T. W. Shore, p.g s., f.c.s. ; Joseph Simms ; Rev. J. Henry Skewes; 
Walter R. Skinner; Smithsonian Institution, Washington, U.S.A. ; Society for the 
Protection of Animals from Vivisection ; Society of Accountants and Auditors ; 
Society of Antiquaries of London ; Messrs. Sonnenschein and Co. ; John Southward ; 
Rev. Robert Spears ; Messrs. Street and Co. ; Executive Committee of the Stuart 
Exhibition ; Messrs. Stubbs and Go. ; W.P. Thompson ; Messrs. Thompson and Co. ; 
B. H. Thwaite ; Tokyo Library, Japan ; T. Tonge ; Toronto Public Library ; 
Toronto Trinity College ; Trinity College, London ; United States Government ; 
Francis Vacher, m.d. ; Victoria Comptroller of Patents ; Victoria National 
Gallery; J. E. M. Vincent ; John Waddie ; Watford Public Library; University 
College of Wales, Aberystwyth ; ]\Irs. W. H. Wells ; Wigan Free Public Library ; 
Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association, Albany, U.S.A. ; Zoological 
Society of London. 



WINTER LECTURES. 

The following series of popular lectures, forming the twenty-fourth 
annual course, was delivered in the Rotunda Hall of the Library, during 
the months of January to March. They were attended by 83,046 
persons, or an average of 921 per lecture. With the exception of some 
200 seats the remainder of the hall, numbering 1,000 seats, was free. 
As a means of instruction and as giving a stimulus to reading, these 
lectures are, it is believed, performing a valuable educational work. 

Lecturers and Subjects : 

Ball, Councillor G. H. A Visit to Egypt and the Holy Land ; 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Beer, Adolph W., President, Liverpool Amateur Photographic Asso- 
ciation. A Holiday in the North Riding ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 



IS 

Benas, Baron L., j.p. The Art Treasures of Italy and of the Vatican ; 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

BiRCHALL, James, President, Literary and Philosophical Society. Some 
old Spanish Cities and their historical associations ; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Bradley, A. C, m.a., Professor of Modern Literature, University 
College, Liverpool. Fables. 

Carey, F. S., m.a., Professor of Mathematics, University (/ollege, 
Liverpool. Comets ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Caton, Richard, m.d., f.r.c.p.. Professor of Physiology, University 
College, Liverpool. Holland and the Dutchmen ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Clibborn, Frederic. A Round-about Road to Rome ; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

C'OGAN, J. D., Royal Institution, Bath. The Manufacture of Glass ; 
with illustrations of the Art of Glass Blowing. 

CoRTiE, Rev. A. L., s.J., Stonyhurst College. The Volcanic Eruption 
of Krakatoa : its cause and effects ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light. 

Davies, Edward, f.c.s., f.i.c. Bones considered from a Chemical 

point of view ; illustrated by Experiments. 
Dyall, Charles. Curator, Walker Art Gallery. Pictorial Art : its 

value as a record of Men and Manners ; illustrated by 

the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Ellison, Colonel C. 0. London in the Olden Time ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Gibson, R. J. Harvey, m.a., Lecturer in Botany, University College, 
Liverpool. A Visit to a Coal Mine ; illustrated by the Oxyhydroo-en 
Light. 

GoNNER, E. C. K., M.A., Lecturer on Economic and Commercial 
Science, University College, Liverpool. The Immigration of 
Foreign Labour. 

Grensted, Rev. F. F., m.a. Egyptian Life and History ; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 



14 

Grossmann, Karl, m.d. Some Defect? of the Hiiman Eye ; illu>trated 
by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Jeffs, Osmukd W. Volcanoes, Ancient and Modern; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Herdman, W. a., d.sc, F.L.S., &c., Professor of Natural History, 
University College, Liverpool. The Ancestors of our Birds and 
Reptiles; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

JuDE, W. H., Principal, Liverpool Organ School. Musical Master- 
pieces, with Vocal and Instrumental Illustrations. 

KiRBY, Edmund, f.r.i.b.a.. President, Liverpool Architectural Society, 
What is a Cathedral ? illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Leslie, Frank J., f.r.g.s. Some Old Lancashire Houses and their 
Stories; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Lodge, Oliver J., ll.d., f.r.s.. Professor of Physics, University 
College, Liverpool. Lightning Conductors; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

LoGEMAN, Willem S. Chaucer; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

LoVELL, John, Editor of 'Liverpool Mercury.'' Thomas Hood. 

Lund, Eev. T. W. M., m.a. Canterbury; illustrated by the Oxyhy- 
drogen Light. 

MacCunn, John, m.a.. Professor of Philosophy, Univer^ity College, 
Liverpool. What is Democracy ? 

Mackay, J. M., m.a., Pi'ofessor of History, University College, 

Liverpool. Early Explorers of the New ^Vorld. 
McMillan, H. The Story of Van Dieman's Land ; illustrated by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light. 

MuiR, J. A. A Series of Readings from Popular Authors. 

Potts, John, f.g.s. Tiny Rock Builders ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Rend ALL, G. H., m.a., Principal, University College, Liverpool. 
Socrates the Philosopher. 

Rigby, Rev. E. A., s.J., Stony hurst CoUege. Plants and their Vegetable 
Foes ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 



16 

Shaw, H. S. Hele, m. inst. C.e., Professor of Engineering, University 
(!ollege, Liverpool. The Age of Steel ; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Snape, Thojias. Arctic Exploration ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 

Light. 
Stubbs, Captain Edward, r.n. The War Ships of Great Britain ; 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Strong, H. A., m.a., ll.d.. Professor of Latin, University College, 
Liverpool. Scenes of Life South of the Line; illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Thompson, Isaac C, f.l.s., f.r.m.s. Lower Forms of Marine Life 
found in our Seas; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Veitch, James, m.a. Continental Scenes and Cities ; illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Williams, Rev. S. Fletcher. A Marvellous Boy and a Mad Poet. 



AUTUMN LECTURES. 

The interesting and valuable series of literary and scientific lectures 
as under, given during the Autumn, was attended by 6,672 persons. 
A charge of sixpence was made for reserved seats and one penny to other 
parts of the hall. 4,978 persons paid for admittance to the penny seats. 

Two Lectures on (1) " The Rise and Early History of Human 
Culture ;" (2) " The Evolution of Religious Beliefs throughout the 
World," by Prof. T. W. Rhys Davids, ph.d., ll.d. 

Two Lectures on " The Poetry of the Reign of Queen Victoria," by 
Edmund Gosse, m.a. 

Two Lectures on (1) " Music and Noise ;" (2) "Music and Morals," by 
Rev. H. R. Haweis, m.a. 

Two Lectures on " The Meteoritic Hypothesis," by Prof. J. Norman 

LoCKTER, F.R.S., &c. 

Two Lectures on " The Electric Telegraph," by Prof. Oliver J. 
Lodge, d.sc, ll.d., &c. 

Two Lectures on " The Scientific Evidences of Organic Evolution," 
by Prof. G. J. Romanes, m.a., ll.d., &c. 



16 

Two Lectures on (1) " The Origin and Uses of the Colours of Animals;" 
(2) " On Warning Colours and Mimicry," by Alfbed R. Wallace, 

LL.D., F.L.S. 



LENDING LIBRARIES. 



Statistical Table showing the general working of the North and South 
Lending Branches. 



Volumes lent 

New Tickets issued 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Readers on the Books 

Books lost or injured and paid for 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn 
Volumes worn out — replaced . . . . 

Volumes added . 

Total vols, in Libraries 



North 


South 


Total. 


Branch. 


Branch. 


195,485 


189,841 


385,326 


1,882 


2,012 


3,894 


2,279 


2,296 


4,575 


2,188 


2,228 


4,416 


4,132 


4,381 


8,513 


12 


14 


26 


*1,485 


*922 


*2,407 


507 


444 


951 


398 


402 


800 


22,720 


22,956 


45,676 



Included. — 'Transferred to East Branch, Kensington, situated in West Derby Ward. 

North 1,086 vols. 

South 600 ,. 

Table.— Shewing the Classification of Volumes Lent and Added : — 



Theology 

Natural Philosophy 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities . 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature . . . 
Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics- 
Commerce, and Political Economy 
Education, Language, and Logic 

Poetry and the Drama 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics . . , 
Books for thej Blind 

Total 



Volumes Lent 




Volumes Added. 


North 


South 




North 


South 




Branch. 


Branch. 


Total. 


Branch. 


Branch. 


Total. 


3,332 


2,402 


5,734 


6 


9 


15 


2,648 


2,541 


5,189 


6 


/ 


13 


1,753 


1,582 


3,. 335 


5 


4 


9 


9,450 


8,358 


17,808 


20 


21 


41 


6,944 


7,279 


14,223 


44 


48 


92 


790 


889 


1,679 


6 


8 


14 


5,210 


5,117 


10,327 


16 


15 


31 


11,179 


11,6.50 


22,829 


102 


102 


204 


261 


190 


451 


1 


1 


2 


878 


618 


1,496 




2 


•7 


1 ,685 


1,113 


2,798 


5 


1 


6 


1,226 


1,040 


2,266 


8 


6 


14 


149,886 


146,603 


296,489 


179 


178 


357 


185 


289 


474 








— 


58 


170 


228 


— 


— 


— 


195,485 


189,841 


385,326 


398 


402 


800 



17 



EVENING READING ROOMS. 



The following Branch Evening Residing Rooms are open for the 
perusal of Magazines and Newspapers from G to 9.30 p.m. in the several 
Schoolrooms named below : — 

Place. 

Chats worth Street Board School 

»Low Hill School 

Queen's Road Board School 
Stanley Road Board School 
Wellington Road School ... 





Average 


Attendance. 


per night 


... 31,25H 


102 


... 14,330 


47 


... 17,323 


57 


... 30,535 


100 


... 23,466 


77 



Total 



116,912 



383 



• The Low Hill Room being contiguous to the New District Library will be discontinued. 



MUSEUM. 



Visitors to Museum. 



1889 
(213 Days. 
282,559 
5,424 
1,326 



1888 
(214 Days.) 
291,754 

5,687 

1,363 



Total visitors in the year 
Weekly Average 
Daily Average 

The Visits of Curators, Scientists and others interested in museums 
have been numerous, and included Mr. A. R. Wallace, Prof. Alfred 
Newton, F.R.S., of Cambridge, and Dr. Leidy, of Philadelphia, and 
several other American Professors on their way to the Paris Exhibition. 
Several Art Students draw from the Statuary in the Great Hall 
liligently, and Medical Students work at the Osteological Section when 
studying for their degrees. 

The Series of Lectures delivered on Monday evenings, to which refer- 
Bnce has been made in the general report, have been fairly well attended. 
lis being a new departure time must be allowed for their fuller 
^development. 

The Circulating School Cabinets continue to be in request, and are 

tconducive to the more frequent visits in large numbers of scholars to 

ithe Museum. Many applications for the loan of these typical collections 

^have been received for special purposes, and have been as freely granted , 

IS also the loan of specimens for object lessons on the part of pupil 

ichers in connection with school examinations. 



18 

MONDAY EVENING LECTURES AND SUBJECTS. 



Museum Addresses. 



1889. 
Jan. 7th.— The Butterflies of the Deep (Pteropods, &c.), by Mr. F. P. 

Marrat. 
Jan. 14th.— On Shark?, by Mr. James Hornell. 
Jan. 21st. — The Horse and his Rider, demonstrated with the aid of 

skeletons, by Mr. G. F. Moore. 
Jan. 28th. — On Music in Bygone Times, by Mr. W. I. Argent. 
Feb. 4th. — Our Local Strata and their Fossils, by ]\Ir. G. H. Morton. 
Feb. 11th. — On Minerals, and how to read them, by Mr. D. Clague. 
Feb. 18th.— On Starfishes, by the Rev. S. Gasking. 
Feb. 25th.— The Story of Rock Salt, by Mr. 0. W. Jeffs. 
Mar. 4th. — On Illuminated Manuscripts, by Miss E. M. Wood. 
Mar. 4th. — On Fishes, by Mr. Richard Paden. 
Mar. 11th.— The Common Bat, by :Mr. G. J. Hill. 
l^Iar. 18th. — On the Musical Instruments in the Mayer Collection, by 

Mr. W. I. Argent. 
Mar. 25th.— On Meteorites, by Mr. J. J. Fitzpatrick. 
Oct. 7th. — On Fishes, by Mr. Richard Paden. 
Oct. 14th.— On Cuttle Fishes, by Mr. F. P. Marrat. 
Oct. 21st.— On the Common Lobster, by Mr. G. F. Moore. 
Oct. 28th. — On the Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities in the Mayer 

Museum, by the Rev. F. F. Grensted. 
Nov. 4th. — On Scorpions and Centipedes, by Mr. J. Chard. 
Nov. 11th. — On Musical Eyes and Ears, by Mr. W. I. Argent 
Nov. 18th. — On Gold Nuggets, by Mr. A. Lutschaunig. 
Nov. 25th.— On Coal, by ]\Ir. W. Hewitt. 
Dec. 2nd. — On Sea Cucumbers, by the Rev. S. Gasking. 
Dec. 9th.— On the Life History of the "Liver" Fluke, by 

Mr. R. McMiUan. 
Dec. 16th.— On Sea Worms, by Mr. J. Hornell. 
Dec. 23rd.— On Silk and Silkworms, by Mr. Willoughby Gardner. 
Dec. 30th.— On Iron Ores, by Mr. D. Clague. 



19 

Opening of the Museum on Tuesdays. 

From the commencement of its history the Museum has been open to 
the public four days in the week, and closed two days for the purposes 
of cleaning, arrangement, and the convenience of students, for whom 
the Library and Museum Act required one day to be specially set apart. 
Recently this arrangement has been altered by the Committee, the 
Public being admitted on Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, 
and Saturdays ; Fridays only being reserved as a closed day. This 
arrangement will doubtless be appreciated by visitors. 

Pictorial Groups. 

The mounting of stuffed specimens in groups rather than on separate 
and isolated stands has been continued. The Cranes, Bustards, and 
Trumpeters have been so treated ; also the Sheathbills, BoatbiUs, and 
other less known but marked forms of wading and swimming birds. Of 
these the Cranes are the largest and best known, and the following 
particulars may be of interest. 

The Cranes are gregarious, and those inhabiting the Northern Hemi- 
sphere are eminently migratory. During their migrations they fly in 
V-like array like flocks of -wild geese. They are mainly vegetable feeders. 

They are remarkable for their shrill, clarion-like calls and for the 
singular grace and beauty of their movements. Especially noticeable for 
the elegance and orderliness of their deportment were the Stanley Cranes, 
so named after the 13th Earl of Derby. No one who saw them in their 
living state at Knowsley will forget their stately minuet-like dances 
accompanied by their own not unmusical voices on their law^n-like 
enclosures, and their jealous guard against interference by keepers or 
visitors. 

The breeding of Cranes in confinement was not known until the Stanley 
Cranes bred at Knowsley. For fear of neglect on the part of the parent, 
the eggs were placed under the more reliable nursing of large domestic hens. 
This at first occurred so far on in the year that the young birds became 
distorted and bow-legged, owing to the increasing length of the autumn 
nights and the enforced cramped position for so many hours under their 
foster parents. Year by year, however, the Cranes laid earlier imtil at 



20 

last one young Crane nearly attained to maturity, only, however, to meet 
with an untimely end. Taking to its wings, it soared to a considerable 
elevation, only to alight with its legs thrust between the bars of an iron 
hurdle, breaking them, and so coming to an untimely and much lamented 
death. 



CONTRIBUTIONS DESERVING SPECIAL NOTICE. 



Mr. St. George Littledale's Donation, 



Mr. St. G. Littledale has for many years made valuable contri- 
butions to the Museitm from the spoils of large game, shot by himself 
on his annual sporting trips to the Far West, to the Caucasus, and to 
Central Asia, in which he is always accompanied by his wife, w^ho shares 
his interest in the Museum. From the Rocky Mountains he presented 
two specimens of the White Goat peculiar to that region ; from the 
Caucasus specimens of Wild Goats, Ibex, and Stag ; from the Pamir a 
perfect specimen of Marco Polo's Wild Sheep, of which no stuffed 
example was to be seen in any museum except at St. Petersburg ; and 
from Eastern Siberia he sent bones and tusks of the Mammoth (Elephas 
primiqeniusj. 

At the recent Soiree, held in St. George's Hall by the Learned 
Societies of Liverpool, the opportunity was taken to bring these various 
contributions into one view. They filled the whole of the orchestra 
platform, were styled the " Littledale Trophy," and photographed as 
such in acknowledgment of Mr. Littledale's liberality and public spirit. 

Donations. 

An important collection of Shells of the genus Marginclla. 

This collection was made by the late Mr. R. J. Keen, Ship Chronometer 
Maker of Liverpool, and was presented to the Museum by his daughter, 
Miss Edith Keen. 

The shells of this Molluscan genus are mostly small in size, though 
numerous in species. They are remarkable for the extreme delicacy 
and beauty of their texture and colouring. They are of considerable 



21 

rarity, and much prized by collectors. The species occur most frequently 
on the coasts of Africa, from whence many of the above were dredged 
by Capt. Davies specially for his friend Mr. Keen. 

Mr. F. P. Marrat has also contributed from his own cabinet a few 
interesting specimens of this genus. 

A Portrait of the Rev. H. H. Higgins, M.A., Chairman of the 
Museum and Mayer Collection Sub-Committee, painted in oil, 
by Mr. R E. Morrison, and exhibited by him in the 1889 Autumn 
Exhibition, at the Walker Art Gallery, was purchased by Thomas 
Higgin, Esq., f.l.s., and presented by him to the Corporation, with a 
request that it might be hung in some suitable place in the Museum, 
in order to identify it as much as possible -with the arduous and 
invaluable services rendered by him so unsparingly in the interest of the 
institution. 

Two living specimens of the Long-nosed Bony Gar Pike (Lepidostens 
osseus) ; received in exchange from Mr. Eugene Blackford. 

A dozen American Clams (^ Venus mercenariaj ; presented by 
Mr. H. D. Brandreth for the Aquaria. 

A Collection of Fossils of Columnar Botryoidal, Concretionary and 
Radiated Forms from the Maguesian Limestones near Sunderland ; also 
a Fossil Fish fLeptolepis) from North America ; presented by 
Mr. R. Cameron. 

A specimen of Hematite or Kidney Iron Ore, showing radiated 
r^tructure, from Ulverston ; presented by Mr. T. Cooke. 

A specimen of large Saw Fly, Sirex gigas, "caught on the River 
Conway " ; presented by Mr. T. Button. 

223 specimens of British Beetles fColeopteraJ ; received in exchange 
from Dr. J. W. Ellis. 

A specimen of Sponge, from Alexandria ; presented by Mr. Wm. 
Gass. 

Five specimens of Minerals, \\z. : — 

Three large Crystals of Cassiterite f Oxide of Tin) from Poolamacca 
Station, Australia, from Tasmania, and from Cook District, 
N. Queensland. One specimen of Chloride of Silver, Barrier 
Range, Australia. One Cerargerile (Ciiloride of Silver), dittf). 
One Model of Gold Nugget ; presented by Mr. John 
Greenwood, Melbourne. 



A small sample of Steam Coal, from the 9 -foot seam, Coednant Colliery, 
Tondu, near Bridge End, CardiflF; presented by Mr. R. C. Lockett. 

A drawer of Jaws and Teeth of Recent and Fossil Sharks, carefuUy 
labelled for Students. A specimen of Fluor Spar or Blue John, from 
Derbyshire (no longer found). A specimen of Argentiferous Galena 
or Silver Lead, from Boli^^a, yielding 25 ounces of silver to the ton ; ' 
presented by Mr. F. P. Marrat. 

Two Beetles, from Lagos, West Africa ; collected and presented by 
His Excellency Sir C. Alfred Moloney, C.M.G., Governor of Lagos. 

Thirty-five specimens of twenty species of Shells ; presented by 
Mr. S. N'owell, Junr. (for School Cabinets, &c.) 

27 specimens of 5 species of Shells. 10 specimens of 10 species of 
Zoophytes. 2 Corals and 2 single Jaws of Port Jackson Shark, from 
Australia and New Guinea. Two specimens of Shells, Cassis ccrnuta 
and Triton (semi-fossil), and 1 Egg Case of Port Jackson Shark ; 
recently collected and presented by Mrs. Ellen Parkinson. 

A small collection of Minerals and Fossils, containing specimens of 
Pecten giganteus, lamellosus, lens, vagans, Euomphalus sculptus, Lima 
gigantea, Pterozamites linearis, Ammonites, Chcmnitzia, Goniomya, 
Asplenium, &c., &c. ; presented by Mr. Randall, on behalf of the 
Executors of the late John Maclver. 

Sections of Spines of Echinoderms, mounted for microscopic examina- 
tion ; presented by Mr. Hardy from Spines supplied to him from the 
Museum. 

A specimen of Spore Coal from Donibristle Colliery, Fife, N.B. ; 
presented by Mr. R. Howse. 

A Harlequin Duck, male {Fuligula histrionica, Linn) and a Richardson's 
Skua Gull (Stercoravius Richardsonii) ; presented by Mr. Arthur W. 
Jeffery. 

A Seal and a Penguin, captured on the Coast of Chili, and a collection 
of Marine Invertebrates dredged on the voyage and accompanied by 
notes ; presented by Capt. J. Griffith Jones, Barque Hermine, Associate 
Member of the Literaiy and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. 

Two small slabs containing small Trilobites from the Upper Green 
(Cambrian) Slates of the Penrhyn Quarries. Bethesda ; collected and 



2S 

presented by Mr. Robt. Lloyd. Described by Dr. Henry Woodward, f.g.s. 
in the Quarterly Journal of the Geol. Soc. vol. 44, 1888, tinder the 
name of Conocoryphe viola, H. Woodward. 

One specimen of Polybasite (Arsenical Sulphide of Silver) ; presented 
by Mr. A. Lutschaunig. 

Specimens of Locust Eggs, from North Africa ; presented by Mr. 
Eli Sowerbutt. 

A living Trap-door Spider and Nest, from Bastia, Corsica, imported 
by Mr. Geo. H. Thompson ; presented by Mr. Frederick Taylor. 

A young white variety of the common Starling ; presented by Mr. 
Albert Webb. 

A Nightjar, Caprimulgus europceus, from Eccleston ; presented by 
Mr. T. West. 

Minor Donations have been presented by Mr. Coote Chambers, 

Victoria, British Columbia ; by Mr. John Wilson, per Mr. J. Le 

Mesurier ; Mr. T. West ; and others taking an interest in Natural 
History. 

Loan. 

The Rev. H. H. Higgins being desirous of affording to Students and 
others interested in Conchology the advantage of being able to refer to an 
extensive series, has deposited on loan his own collection of Marginella in 
the Museum. 

Purchases. 

A dwarf specimen of Indian Zebu Bull. 

An immature specimen of Clouded Tiger Cat, Felis macroscelis, 
Temminck Habitat, Assam. 

A mounted skeleton of a Giianaco, Lama huanacos ; and a bisected 
and disarticulated skeleton of a common' Cat, showing continuity of 
the spinal canal with the brain ca\'ity. 

The disarticulated skull of a young Walrus C Trichechus rosmarusj, 
also a mounted skeleton of a large Amazonian Water Tortoise (Emys 
Amazonica). 



24 

The skin of a magnificent Fruit Pigeon, , Carpophago magnifica, Temm, 
from Australia. 

A Monitor Lizard, from Australia, and a large living Lizard 
(Teguexin J, from the West Indies. 

A living AVest African Mud Fish Protopterus annectens, from the 
River Gambia. As the dry season approaches, these fish bury in the 
mud, and become torpid. They are dug up in balls of clay, and so can be 
readily transported long distances, and on being placed in tepid water, 
the balls melt away and set the enclosed fish free, which immediately 
swims away at ease, and will feed readily on small li\dng fish. This 
Mud Fish lived for several months, grew considerably, and was an 
object of much interest. 

89 specimens of 24 species of selected Shells, including fine series of 
Turbo Petholatus, shewing remarkable richness and variety of colour 
patterns. 

24 selected specimens of 11 species of Shells, of the family Helicida. 

One Shell (Conus viridulus). 

One Shell, Triton variegatus. 

One Shell, Cyprcea tigris, very large. 

Two Shells, Harpa articularis. 

One Shell, Pearl Oyster, carved. 

28 specimens of Fireflies and Silk Moths. 

Fifty selected specimens of Butterflies and Moths, from Southern India. 

23 specimens of Lepidoptera, from Fernan Vas, West Africa. 

Specimen of Gum containing an Insect, Cercopsis. 

A specimen of Orthoclase, Italy. 

A specimen of Garnet, Barrat. 

A specimen of Ozokerit, Calzien. 

A specimen of Zincblende, Hungary. 

Six Elementary Geological Models by Sopwitb. 

MAYEti MUSEUM. 

Donations. 

Group of Ethnographical specimens from the Indian tribes of Guiana, 
presented by Sir Charles Gust, Bart. 



25 

Rain Coat, made of plaited reed ; presented by Stewart H. Brown, Esq. 

Block of Red Granite, sculptured on one side with a portrait head of 
King Rameses 11. (12th Egyptian dynasty, about B.C. 1324-1219) ; and 
re-sculptured on the back with part of a professional subject instituted by 
King Osorkon II. (22nd Egyptian dynasty, about B.C. 995-847) ; 
presented by the Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund in recognition 
of the richness of tiie Mayer collection in Egyptian antiquities. 

Bronze Medal, commemorative of the opening of the Library and 
Museum : presented by Mr. J. Leete. 

Bow, Arrows, Adze, and Girdle-dress from N.E. New Guinea; Club 
with stone head from Kew Britain and Spear from the Solomon Islands : 
presented by Mrs. E. Parkinson. 

Eight Roman Coins, found at Corwen, N. Wales ; presented by Mr. 
G. H. Ball, c.c. 

Seven Leases, quit claims and bonds, of the 15th and 17th centuries ; 
])resented by Mr. J. Banner Newton. 

Ivory War Horn and Horn Powder Flask, cased in red leather, from 
the Mandingoes ; a large Wooden Spoon, used for lading palm oil, from 
AYest Africa ; and a modern Eastern Dagger ; presented by Mrs. Randall. 

Eight Copper Coins, principally Russian ; presented by Mr. M. 
Beck, Junr. 

Bow, Spears, Arrows, and a Club, from the River Purus, Upper 
Amazon ; presented by Captain Bisson, S.S. " Ambrose.'' 

An important figure of a Satyr, in white marble ; 13 Tear Bottles and 
two Lamps, from the ancient town of Cyzicus, Asia Minor, found and 
presented by Captain John Ferguson, s.s. "Aleppo." 

Quiver and four Arrows, from Kikamba, Central Africa ; presented 
by Mrs. Mountfield. 

Purchases. 

Medicine case, lacquered ; netsukie attached, Japanese. 
Two Japanese ivory netsuckies. 

Three Wooden Trays, with inlaid designs in brass wire, MjTipuri, 
India. 

Breast Ornament, New Guinea. 



26 

Wooden Figure and a Comb, New Guinea. 

Capo-di-Monte, Porcelain Vase. 

Certificate of Burial, of one Margaret Forrest, in 1688, stating that 
she " was not put in, wrapt round or buried in any shirt, sheet, shift, or 
shroud made or mingled with Flax Hemp," but only in such garments as 
were made of sheep's wool, according to the Act of Parliament. Found 
in an old tree in Hawkshead Churchyard, Lancashire. 

Maori Wood-carving, formerly part of a whare or house in an old 
Pa, Te Rapa, Lake Taupo, New Zealand. The carving is said to represent 
the God Tu Wharatoa, who slew the Dragon Taniwha. The Pa, Te Rapa 
was buried in a landslip in 1846, together with the celebrated Chief Te 
Heuheu and 60 natives. The carving was dug out of the ruins. 

Hippopotamus Tusk, carved with figures, from West Africa. 

Horn Snuff Box, with three long prongs for sticking in the hair ; 
Kaffir, South Africa. 

Large old Chinese purple-glazed Vase. 

Specimens in many departments of the Museum are now so mimerous as 
to require more than the space available for their public exhibition. Many 
ethnographic illustrations have to be put by in drawers and cases, where 
they can only be seen by students. Somewhat less than two years ago 
the Museum Sub-Committee determined to arrange for the better 
display of these exhibits by placing groups of them for short periods of 
time in succession, in table cases to be provided in the central hall of the 
Institution. This design has been put into practice, with satisfactory 
results 

WALKER ART GALLERY. 

During the year the Gallery has been open on 292 days, and closed for 
cleaning and other purposes on 21 days. The total number of visitors 
was 425,239 or a daily average attendance of 1,456. Included in the 
above are 62,942 visitor^ who paid for admission to the Autumn Exhibition, 
and 10,000 pupils of the schools of various denominations admitted free, 
and 12,280 visitors on the last four Saturday evenings, when free 
admission to the Exhibition was granted by resolution of the City 
Council. 



1 



if 

The chief events of the year in connection with the Gallery have been 
the Exhibition of Decorative and Applied Art, and the Autumn Ex- 
hibition of Modern Pictures in Oil and Water Colours. 

It was originally intended to hold an exhibition of Decorative Art in 
connection with the Art Congress, held in December, 1888, but the whole 
of the rooms being then occupied with the various sectional meetings, 
the project was deferred until the Spring of 1889, when it was carried 
out on a very extensive scale, and proved to be one of the largest and 
most comprehensive Exhibitions of Arts and Crafts ever brought 
together. It was opened on the 30th March, by His Worship the 
Mayor, E. H. Cookson, Esq., and closed on July 19th. Notwithstanding 
the faJt that an Exhibition of such a character was not likely to attract 
the pubhc generally in large numbers, the result proved very satisfactory, 
and a balance of profit remained after defraying aU expenses. The 
Exhibition comprised the choicest examples of Fictiles, Decorative 
Painting and Design, Wall Papers, Metal Work, Stone and Wood 
Carving, Stained Glass, Table Glass, Printing, Bookbinding and 
Furniture, besides a large and important contribution from South 
Kensington Museum, which included rare examples of Modern Fur- 
niture and electrotype Reproductions of Old Royal Gold Plate. There 
were also included some rare Cabinets, Chairs, Coffers, and Tapestry 
of the 16th Century. 

The failure of the negotiations for the purchase, by the Committee, of 
the picture "Captive Andromache," by Sir Fredk. Leighton, Bart., P.R.A., 
threatened, at one time, to render the holding of the usual Autumn 
Exhibition a matter of doubt. But this was happily averted, and the 
usual preparations were made in the Spring, which resulted in the holding 
of an Exhibition quite as large and important as any of its predecessors. 
The Committee regard the attendance and the financial outcome as in 
every way satisfactory. 
The Committee lent the following Pictures during the year :— 

To the British Fine Art Section of the Paris Universal Exhibition :— 
" Samson," by Solomon J. Solomon. 
" Pelagia and Philammon," by Arthur Hacker. 
" When the Children are Asleep," by Thomas Faed, b.a. 



28 

" Rival Grandfathers," by John R. Reid. 

"The White Lady of Nuremberg," by Wyke Bayli^^s, p.r.b.a., and 

" Hard Times," by Frederick Brown. 

The following pictures were lent for Exhibition at the Leeds Muni- 
cipal Art Gallery: — "The Ante-chamber at Whitehall during the 
Last Moments of Charles IL," by E. M. Ward, R.A., and " Wintry 
March," by W. L. Picknell. 

The Committee also contributed to the Annual Exhibition of the 
Royal Hibernian Academy, Dublin, a picture entitled " The Trial 
of the Earl of Strafford," by W. Fisk. 

The following works have been deposited on loan : — " By Brink of 

CooHng Stream," by Thomas Riley (oil) ; " The Magdalene," 

attributed to Correggio (oil) ; " The Bull Fight," by Auguste 

Bonheur (oil) ; " The Adoration of the Magi," by Schiavone ; 

and a Marble Group, " Cupid captured by Venus," by Giovanni 

Fontana. 

The Committee have entered into an arrangement for letting rooms in 

the Gallery to the Dore Gallery, Limited, for an exhibition of some of 

the principal works of Gustavo Dore, which promises to be extremely 

interesting and attractive to the public. 



Additions to the Permanent Collection b? Purchase. 

The following pictures were purchased from the Liverpool Autumn 
Exhibition : — 

" A Venetian Faction Regatta — Nicolotti v. Castellani," by W. H. 

Bartlett (oil). 
" From Green to Gold," by Yeend King, R.i. (oil). 
" Strangers in a Strange Land," Albert Starling (oil). 
" Finishing Touches," by W. Brint Turner (oil). 
" Nature's Cathedral Aisle," by James T. Watts (water colour). 

Purchased from the Artist : — 

Posthumous Portrait of the late Sir James AUanson Picton, f.s.a., 
by R. E. Morrison Coil). 



i;' 



29 

DONATIONS TO THE PERMANENT GALLERY. 

" Jeanne D'Arc," by Harold S. Ratlibone ; presented by the Artist, 

(oil). 
" Jepthah," by Miss Jessie Macgregor, a Commission picture ; 

presented by friends of the Institution to the Corporation (oil). 
" Ready for Cutting," by George Lance ; presented by the Artist's 

daughter, Mrs. Alfred Bower, widow of the late Alfred Bower, 

Esq., of Liverpool (oil). 
Original Model (bronzed) of the " Tinted Venus," by J. Gibson, R.A. 

Also Models (Bronzed) of " Lesbia" and "The Suppliant Mother," 

by Henry Weekes, R.A. ; presented by Messrs. Elkington & Co. 

Second Volume of Reproductions of Early German Prints ; 
presented by the Trustees of the British Museum. 



Autumn Exhibition of Pictures. 



Number of Pictures and other Works 
of Art Exhibited 



1S89. 



,560 

Number of Pictures sold 184 

[Amount realized by sales 

iSeason Tickets sold 2,481 

Admissions at One Shilling 29,504 

Sixpence 23,535 

Threepence 7,422 

Catalogues sold 19,635 

Commission on sales 

liscellaneous Beceipts 

fTotal Receipts, exclusive of sales . . i 



£ a. d. 

8,083 3 6 

432 11 6 

1,475 4 

588 7 6 

92 15 6 

524 9 6 

283 10 6 

75 2 7 

3,472 1 1 



1,412 
168 

2,172 
29,465 
24,938 
14,925 
19,472 



£ 8. d. 

6,461 6 

384 1 

1,473 5 

623 9 

186 11 3 

524 17 6 

268 16 9 

40 3 3 

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16 JUL 1898 













I 



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THIRTY-EIGHTH 

ANNUAL REPORT 
OF THE COMMITTEE 

OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 

AND 

AVALKER ART GALLERY, 

OF THE 

CITY OF LIVERPOOL, 

FOR THE YEAK ENDING 31ST DECEMBER, 1890. 





LIVERPOOL: 
J. R. WILLIAMS k CO., PRINTERS, 8, SCHOOL LANE. 

1891. 





I 



THIRTY-EIGHTH 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE COMMITTEE 



OF THE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 



AND 



AVALKER ART GALLERY, 



OF THE 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL, 



FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31 ST DECEMBER, 1890. 




LIVERPOOL: 

I J. R. WILLIAMS & CO., PRINTERS, 8, SCHOOL LANE 

1891. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 

FOR THE YEARS 1890-91. 



JOSEPH B. MORGAN, ESQ., MAYOR. 
Qtomtutttce. 

ALDERMaN sir WILLIAM B FORWOOD, J.P., CHAIRMAN. 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE, ESQ., J.P., DEPUTY CHAIRMAN. 



WILLIAM B. BOWRING, ESQ., 
LIEUT. -COL. A. H. BROWN, M.P., 
EDMOND BROWNBILL, ESQ., 
•ANDREW COMMINS, ESQ., LL.D., MP., 
JOHN DAVIES, ESQ., 
JACOB R. GRANT, ESQ., 
JAMES HENDERSON, ESQ., 
REV. HENRY H. HIGGINS, M A , 



ROBERT D. HOLT, ESQ., J. P., 
JOHN LEA, ESQ., 
ALDERMAN W. J. LUNT, 
JEREMIAH MILES, ESQ., J. P., 
ALDERMAN T. W. OAKSHOTT, J.P. 
GEORGE B RODWAY, ESQ., 
WILLIAM E. WILLINK, ESQ., 
SIR ANDREW B. WALKER, BART. 



(Kljtcf IJibrnrinn : 
PETER COWELL. 

^ub-|Eibrnrian : 
THOMAS FORM BY. 

Curator of tlje Museum : 
THOMAS J. MOORE. 

(Eonrljologist, jKnt£ralogiBt, v^c. : 
F. V. MARRAT. 

(Karator of tlje ISalkEr ^rt (Sallerg 
CHARLES DYALL. 



■i 



GENERAL REPORT. 

In presenting the Annual Report of the Library, Museum, and Arts 
Committee, the opportunity is afforded, not merely to place before the 
Council the statistical facts which tell of the magnitude and completeness 
of the work done by this noble and remarkable group of Institutions, but it 
also enables us to consider the value of that work, and to estimate its 
moral and intellectual influence upon the well-being of this great 
community. 

To fully appreciate this we have to recognise the changed and 
changing principle upon which society has now its basis — to quote the 
words of a great Statesman, "As civilization has gradually progressed it 
" has equalised the physical qualities of man. Instead of the strong arm 
" it is the strong head that is now the mo^-ing principle of society. You 
" have disenthroned Force and placed on her high seat Intelligence, and 
" the necessary consequence of this great revolution is, that it has become 
" the duty and delight of every citizen to cultivate his faculties. 
" Knowledge is no longer the lonely eremite affording a chance and 
"captivating hospitality to some wandering pilgrim, knowledge is now 
"found in the market place a citizen and a leader of citizens." It is 
difficult to express in a few sentences how far these institutions are 
realizing this great mission of civilisation and enlightenment ; but if we 
consider that the 11,269 readers at our lending libraries represent so 
many foci of intellectual culture, that the 108,591 readers at our reading 
rooms as an army of seekers after knowledge and literary recreation, and 
a portion only of the 196,119 readers in the Picton Reading Room as 
serious students, we have suggested to us some idea of the extent of 
intellectual work now carried on. The moral effect of such work cannot 
be better expressed than in the words of Sir John Herschel : " It is 
" hardly possible but the character should take a higher and better tone 
" from the constant habit of associating in thought with a class of thinkers, 
" to say the least of it, above the average of humanity. It is morally 
'' impossible but that the manners should take a tinge of good breeding 
" and civilization from having constantly before one's eyes the way in 
" which the best bred and the best-informed men have talked and 



" conducted themselves in their intercourse with each other. There is a 
" gentle but perfectly irresistable coercion in a habit of reading well 
" directed, over the whole tenor of a man's character and conduct, which 
" is not the less effectual because it works insensibly and because it is 
" really the last thing he thinks of.*' 

We notice a tendency to imdervalue the possession of a great Reference 
Library, because it is largely used b}- the educated and those who can 
afford to purchase their own books. A Reference Library worthy of the 
name should contain every book of repute written upon every subject ; 
and if a Library is to maintain its efficiency, its shelves must every year 
receive the addition of all recognised standard publications. It therefore 
furnishes students with books of reference which they cannot obtain in 
any other way, and it is very gratifpng to note how largely our Reference 
Library is availed of by the clergy, teachers, students, journalists and 
others, whose object is to weave the materials they thus collect into a 
form which will instruct and entertain the people of the city, and thus, 
directly or indirectly, every citizen can derive benefit from them. 

We may also venture to hope that the existence of our Library will 
do something towards promoting the pursuit and love of literature in our 
midst, and the formation of a literary society ; that Liverpool may some 
day be as eminent in literature and in the fine arts as she is in commerce 
may be an extravagant expectation, but there can be no reason why 
she should not take a prominent position ; and certainly it is our duty, 
while following the engrossing pursuit of commerce, not to neglect the 
higher claims of culture and education. 

We cannot forget that some of the most splendid works of literary 
genius, and the most admirable discoveries of scientific investigation, 
have been produced by the leisure studies of men engaged in commercial 
pursuits ; it is sufficient to mention such names as Priestley, Franklin, 
Ricardo, Grote, Mill, Trollope, and in Liverpool we have the example of 
William Roscoe. 

We also observe a disposition to underestimate the usefulness of our 
Lending Libraries and Reading Rooms, because the popular demand is for 
works of fiction, periodicals, and newspapers. Very little consideration 
will show that this demand is a natural one and its supply a necessity 
forced upon us by the adAauce in the general standard of education. 



Probably one of the most striking facts of our epoch has been the 
remarkable diminution in crime and pauperism, corresponding with the 
march of education. An eminent man of science lately affirmed that 
education, upon which the country now spends annually ten millions 
sterling, costs the nation practically nothing, as since the passing of the 
Education Act, the whole sum and more is annually saved in our 
expenditure upon criminals and paupers. 

But while education has thus happily curtailed and controlled man's 
propensity for evil, in the words of the Latin poet " Emollit mores ncc 
sinit esse feros^^ — it civilizes the conduct of men, and sufifers them not 
to remain barbarous ; it has also set up and created an intellectual 
appetite which must be satisfied, or else the intellect loses its power of 
application, and also loses its restraining and controlling influence. 

When, therefore, this country happily adopted a scheme of National 
Elementary Education it committed itself, and equally every municipality, 
to the supply of adequate means by which the people can make use of 
their intellectual faculties, and can continue the education begun in the 
school, or make use of it for the purpose of recreation. Thus Free 
Libraries, Museums, and Art Galleries have ceased to be merely the resorts 
of the cultured, but have become the gathering places of the people. 
They are no longer merely the repositories of books of standard authors 
and articles of virtu and high art ; they must also satisfy our new social 
conditions and minister to the intellectual entertainment of the 
masses. 

Viewed in this light the demand for works of fiction, magazines, and 
newspapers is not surprising, and it is one which ought to and must be 
met, for while this light literature satisfies the craving of the intellect for 
occupation, it is in itself a valuable means of education^ and one which, 
no doubt, often serves as a stimulus and incentive to reading of a more 
serious character. 

The Committee appreciate very fully their duty in this direction. The 
addition of the East Library and Reading Room during the year places 
another popular library at tho disposal of the community, and its 
advantages have been freely availed of. 

The jMuseum continues to be a source of attraction and much interest. 
A popular lecture has been given every Monday evening in the galleries, 



6 

in which some one group of the collection has been described. These 
lectures have been well attended. The Committee regret that they have 
had no funds to expend npon specimens or objects of art. The Museum, 
though in many respects complete, still requires the addition of some 
links to connect various groups in the Natural History department. 

The Autumn Exhibition still maintains its great prestige among 
provincial exhibitions. The high class of the works exhibited, the atten- 
dance of visitors, and the sales of pictures, have all been most satisfactory. 

The Free Courses of Lectures continue to be much appreciated. The 
lectures delivered have been of great merit and interest, and the audiences 
have uniformly been large and very attentive. 

The amount of popular intellectual entertainment and instruction thus 
provided by the Committee no doubt leads up to the increased use of the 
Library and Museum by creating an interest in the subjects upon 
which the lecturers discourse. 

Taking our Institutions as a whole they form a unique group, and 
whether we regard them from the excellence and completeness of the 
collections of which they are the depositories, or the educational and 
literary work conducted within their walls, they claim equally the 
admiration and liberal support of our citizens ; and while they contribute 
largely and over a very wide area to the happiness and well-doing of the 
people, they are not the less valuable to the increasing number of men 
of Culture and education. 

WILLIAM B. FOR WOOD, 
Chairman. 

REFERENCE LIBRARY. 

Reference Library : — This Library includes the Brown Library 
and Reading Room and the Picton Reading Room. Connected with it 
are two lecture halls and several class rooms. Besides the ordinary work 
of this Libraiy, which includes the delivery during the Autumn and 
Winter months of several courses of free lectures in the cause of general 
education, accommodation is found in its small lecture hall and class rooms 
for the meetings of various small learned societies and for the holding of 
science and art classes under the direction of the Liverpool School of 
Science. 



The Brown Reading Room is assigned for the perusal of popular 
literature. The principal London, local and other provincial papers are 
available there, magazines of a varied and entertaining character, and a 
selection of the best works in English prose fiction. There is also 
unrestricted access to some 70 county, city, and town directories. In a 
commercial city like Liverpool, where there are always so many strangers, 
the directories in this room prove a great convenience and source of 
attraction. In the book room of the Brown Library are found the 
specifications of patents for inventions, which may be examined at 
pleasure. The following statistics of the issues and attendances in tliis 
part of the library during the past year, shew that the advantages afforded 
by the institution still retain a firm hold on public favour and 
appreciation : — 

Visitors to the Newspapers ... ... ... ... 175,440 

Monthly and Weekly Magazines, &c., issued ... 153,028 

Illustrated Papers issued in volumes (" The Graphic," 

"Illustrated London News," "Punch," &c.) ... 83,763 

Directories ... ... ... ... 72,500 

Specifications of Patents for Inventions ... ... 15,287 

Volumes of Prose Fiction ... ... ... ... 157,137 

The decrease shown by the above figures, compared with those of last 
year, arises from the Brown Reading Room having been closed for 22 
days for painting and cleaning. 

The Picton Reading Room, called so in honour of the late Sir James 
A. Picton, who for nearly forty years was Chairman of this Institution, 
is set apart as a student's room and for literary research and inquiry. 
No restriction is placed upon the number of volumes a reader may 
require, and facilities are given by the provision of pens and ink for 
making notes and extracts from the books. Two large globes and 
various important atlases are placed in the room for easy reference, and 
near the entrance will be found some 180 scientific and literary 
magazines, reviews, &c., to which readers have free access. The issue of 
novels is confined to the Brown Reading Room. The total issue of 
books for reference and study has been 191,071 volumes, being an 
increase of 10,181 volumes. The reviews and other scientific and 



8 



literary periodicals issued number 116,618, showing an increase of 5,475. 
This makes the total issue of books and periodicals in the Reference 
Library 307,689. 



Table. — Showing the number and classification of works 
in the Library. 

Classification. 
Theology, Morals, &c. ... 

Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c, 

Natural History... 

Science and the Arts ... ... 

History and Biography... 
Topography and Antiquities ... 
Voyages and Travels 
Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, Essay; 
Reviews, Societie.s' Proceedings, &:c., in volumes) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 

Commerce, Political Economy, c&c. 

Education and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Cla-ssics and Translation 

Eucyclopsedias and Works of General Reference 

Total ... 



contained 

Volumes. 
7,213 

2,332 

5,338 
11,277 
12,391 

5,259 

5,182 

23,240 
7,851 
1,504 
1,558 
3,977 
5,363 
938 
3,266 



96,689 



Comparative Statement of issues in the Picton Reading Room, 1889-90 



Classification. 


1890. 


1889. 


Increase 
1890. 


Decrease 
1890. 


Theology, Morals, &c. 


18,283 


16,696 


1,587 




Natural Philosophy, Astronomy, &c. 


16,244 


15,650 


594 




Natural History 


7,546 


7,834 




288 


Science and the Arts 


28,450 


25,487 


2,963 




History and Biography ... 


19,117 


18,440 


677 




Topography and Antiquities 


7,391 


6,646 


745 




Voyages and Travels 


9,822 


9,694 


128 




Miscellaneous Literature 


36,503 


34,200 


2,303 




Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 


4,284 


4,902 




618 


Commerce, Political Economy, &c. 


4,265 


3,761 


504 




Education and Language 


6,540 


6,845 




305 


Poetry and Dramatic Literature 


10,479 


10,23'J 


240 




Latin and Greek Classics 


3,275 


3,679 




404 


Encyclopaedias, &c. 


18,872 


16,817 


2,055 





Totals 



191,071 180,890 11,796 1,615 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, (fee, have been presented 
regularly by the respective Publishers : — 



Amateur Photographer 

Anglo- American Times 

Art and Literature 

Assure 

Athletic Times 

Australian Standard 

Bible Advocate 

Blackpool Herald 

Bootle Times 

Brewers' Guardian 

British and Colonial Printer and 

Stationer 
Builders' Weekly Reporter 
Building World 
British Temperance Advocate 
British Woman's Temperance Journal 
Cambridge Examiner 
Canadian Patent Office Eecord 
Cape Argus 

Church Missionary Gleaner 
Church Missionary Intelligencer 
Church Missionary Juvenile Instructor 
Church Monthly 
Child's Guardian 
Civil Service Competition 
Civil Service Times 
Clerks' Journal and Quill 
Cohen's Journal 
Colonies and India 
Cor cord 

County Council Gazette 
Day of Days 
Eastbourne Review 
Eastbourne Standard 
Educational Times 
Electrical Review 
Electrician 
Empire 

Englishwoman's Review 
Entomologists' Record 
fair Play 
Financial News 
Financial Reformer 
Fireside 
Fireside News 
Good Health 
Gossip 

Grocers' Review 
Gwalia 

Hand and Heart 
Herald of Health 
Hereford Times 
Homoeopathic World 
Home Words 
Imperial Federation 



In His Name 

Invention 

Inventor 

Irish Times 

Isle-of-Man Examiner 

Jewish Standard 

Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 

Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 

Liberal Unionist 

Light 

Literary News 

Liverpool Brewers' and Victuallers' 
Journal 

Liverpool Catholic Times 

Liverpool Citizen 

Liverpool Courier (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Echo 

Liverpool Express 

Liverpool Halfpenny Weekly 

Liverpool Journal of Commerce 

Liverpool Mercury (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Porcupine 

Liverpool Post (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Programme 

Liverpool Review 

Liverpool University Magazine 

Liverpool Y.M.C.A. Journal 

Llandudno Advertiser 

Machinery Market 

Manufacturer 

Manufacturer and Builder 

Medium 

Miller 

Mona's Herald 

Money 

Montreal Weekly Witness 

Musical Herald 

National Society of Professional 
Musicians : Monthly Journal 

Nature Notes 

New Church Magazine 

Oddfellows' Magazine 

Office, The 

Official Journal of the Patent OflSce 

Oxford Chronicle 

Pearson's Weekly 

Pei-sonal Rights Journal 

Pitman's Musical Monthly 

Practical Patentee 

Practical Photographer 

Present Truth 

Preston Herald 

Printers' Register 

Provincial News 



10 

Public Health j Woman's SuflFrage Journal 

Railway Review j Worcestershire Herald 

Refreslinieiit News Zoophilist 

Research j Sloan-DuployanPhonographicJourDal 

Eichniotid and Twickenham Times Specialities 

Script Phonographic Journal Stonyhurst Magazine 

Shipping World Sunday Closing Reporter 

Vegetarian Messenger I Sunday Times 

Warrington Observer \ Trade Marks Journal 

Warwickshire Herald ■ Two Worlds 

Western Daily Press University Correspondent 

Western World | Vaccination Inquirer 



Donations. 
British Museum Trustees : — 

Publications of the British Museum, viz. : — The Book of the Dead ; 
Catalogue of Birds, vols. 13, 15, and 18; Catalogue of Books 
printed in Iceland, 1.578-1880 ; Catalogue of the Cuneiform 
Tablets in the Kuynjunjik Collection of the British Museum, by 
C. Bezold, vol. 1 ; Catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia and Amphibia, 
by Richard Lydekker, vols. 3-4 ; Catalogue of the Greek Coins : 
Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, and the Kingdom of Bosporus, 
by Warwick Wroth ; Catalogue of Oriental Coins, vol. 9 ; 
Catalogue of Printed Books, 23 vols. ; A Guide to the Department 
of Geology and Paloeontology, 2 vols. ; A Guide to the Mineral 
Gallery. 

Leon, Miss J. : — 

The art of Refining and IManufacturing Sugar, by John Leon. 

London, Corporation of the City of : — 

Calendar of Wills proved and enrolled at the Court of Husting, 
London, vol. 2 : 1358-1688. 

Moore, Rev. W. Bramley : — 

Plans of the Borough of Liverpool from the Actual Survey, by 
James Newlands, C.E. ; Plans of Liverpool and the Pool as it 
appeared about the year 1650. 

Philip, Son, and Nephew, Messrs. : — 

The Ordnance Survey of England and Wales (in seven Morocco Drop 
Cases). 

Stkenstrand, William : — 

Shakespear's True Life, by .James Walter. 



11 

Other Books and Pamphlet?, Report?, &c., have been received from the 
following donors, for which the Committee again beg to express their 
grateful acknowledgments : — 

Rev Thomas Allin ; Ernest Axon; W. E. A. Axon; Colonial Secretary of Barbados; 
Charles H. Beloe ; Messrs. Bell & Sons; John S. Beer, f.s.a.s. ; Charles Birchall; 
Birkenhea.1 Literary and Scientific Society ;' Birmingham Free Libraries ; Herbert L. 
Booth- Boston Public Library ; Lewis H. Boutell ; James L. Bowes, Japanese Consul, 
Liverpool; Bradford Public Free Libraries ; Messrs. Bright & Son ; British Association 
for the Advancement of Science ; Bristol Free Public Library; Brooklyn Library, New 
York U S.A. ; T. B. Browne ; llichard BuUman, Consul of Costa Rica ; Bureau of 
Ethnology, Washington, U.S.A.; T. N. Brushfield, m.d. ; Cambridge Free Library; 
Cambridge University Press ; Cambridge University Correspondence College, Loudon ; 
Geological and Natural Sistory Survey, Canada; Canadian Government (per Sir 
Charles Tupper) ; Hugh Caraher ; Messrs. Cassell & Co. ; Alfred Castellain, j.p. ; 
Catholic Publishing Depot, Liverpool; Patrick Chalmers; Chelsea Public Libraries; 
Chicago Board of Trade ; Chicago Public Library ; Church Missionary Society, 
London; Cincinnati Museum Association; Cincinnati Public Library; Charles E. 
Clegg: Messrs. Clowes & Son; Frances P. Cobbe ; Cobden Club; Messrs. Cope 
Brothers & Co. ; Cornell University, Ithaca, U.S.A. ; Edward S. Craston ; Crown Agent 
for the Colonies, London; Robert N. Cust ; John T. Danson ; Richard C. Davies; 
Alexander Del Mar, c.e.; Proprietors of the "Dublin Freeman's Journal"; Dublin 
University; Durham University ; Arthur Earle ; East London Listitute for Home and 
Foreign Missions : Edinburgh Public Library ; Mrs. Edmonds ; Frederick W. Edwards ; 
Messrs. Edwards & Co. ; John W. Ellis, m.b., f.e.s. ; Enoch Pratt Free Library, 
Baltimore, U.S.A. ; Francis Fisk ; George E. Foster, Minister of Finance, Ottawa, 
Canada; John Fox, l.i.p.e. ; John Frowde, Librarian, Free Library, Barrow-in-Furness ; 
A. C. Fryer ; General Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen, New York, U.S.A. ; 
Glasgow Athenffium; Glasgow and West of Scotland Technological College; Messrs. 
Glover& Son ; W.N. Greenwood, f.r.m.s. ; James Hakes ; William A. Harris, f.r.s.s.a. ; 
W. F. Hart ; Harvard College Museum, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A. ; Henry Hill ; M. S. 
Hill, Musical Society ; Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire ; Historic Society 
of Pennsylvania; Howard Association ; J.B.Howard; E. Howarth, f.r.A.s., Curator, 
Sheffield Public Museum ; Rt. Hon. the Secretary of State for India ; Institute of Civil 
Engineers ; Institute of Mechanical Engineers ; Irish Loyal and Patriotic Union ; 
Luis Jackson; R. H. Johns; Joint Education Committees of North Wales and 
Monmouthshire; John Keefe, f.r.g.s., f.sc. ; Thomas Kerslake ; Kirkdale Voluntary 
Industrial Day (Ragged) School ; Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society ; 
Samuel Laing ; Miss Langley ; Thomas Laurie ; Messrs. C. & E. Lay ton ; Charles H. 
Leet, F.R.G.S. ; The Leigh Browne Trustees ; G. B. Leunard ; Library Reports from 
various Libraries; The Linen Hall Library, Belfast; Liverpool Institutions, 
Societies, etc. :— Amateur Photographic Association. Architectural Society. 
Association for the Promotion of Technical Education. Auxiliary Bible Society. 
Auxiliary to the Army Scripture Readers' and Soldiers' Friend Society. Blue Coat 
Hospital. Catholic Reform Association. Central Relief and Charity Organization 
Society. Liverpool Certified Industrial Schools. Chemists' Association. Church of 
England Scripture Readers' Society. Church of England Sunday School Institute. 
Clerks' Association. Council of Education. Engineering Society. Geological 
Association. Horticultural Asaociation. Literary and Philosophical Society. 



12 

Medical Institute. Microscopical Society. Naturalists' Field Club. Orphan Asylum. 
Penny Savings Bank. Polytechnic Society. Royal Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Animals. Savings Bank. School Board. School of Science. School Ship 
" Conway." Science Students' Association. Seamen's Friend Society. Self-Help 
Emigration Society. Shipwreck and Humane Society. Sunday Society. Training 
Ship "Indefatigable." University College; Messrs. Lockwood & Son; Thomas 
McCracken ; Messrs. Maclure, Macdonald, & Co. ; Robert McMillan ; Lieutenant 
McNab, R.N.R. ; Charles Madeley, Librarian, Free Library, Warrington ; Manchester 
Geological Society ; Manchester Microscopical Society ; Manchester Statistical 
Society ; Messrs. Marples & Co. ; Frederick P. Marrat ; Mercantile Library, New 
York; Mercantile Library, Philadelphia; Mercantile Marine Service Association; 
Mersey Docks and Harbour Board ; Mersey Mission to Seamen ; Meteorological 
Of&ces, London ; Thomas L. Miller, a.m.i.c.e. ; Milwaukee Public Museum ; Francis 
Minton ; J. C. Morley ; Mrs. Frank Morrison ; Victor Nathan ; National Academy of 
Sciences, Washington, U.S.A. ; National Association for the Promotion of Technological 
Education ; National Footpath Preservation Society ; National Library, Buenos Aires ; 
J. Birkbeck Nevins, m.d. ; New South Wales Government ; The Proprietor, New 
Theatre Royal, Liverpool; J. E. Nightingale, f.s.a. ; University College of North 
Wales, Aberystwyth ; University College of North Wales, Bangor ; The Commissioners 
of the Norwegian and North Atlantic Expedition ; Nottingham Free Public Libraries ; 
Government of Ontario (per P. Byrne) ; Owen's College, Manchester ; Ellen Palmer ; 
The Comptroller of Patents, London ; G. T. W. Patrick, ph.d. ; Coventry Patmore ; 
Messrs. Kegan, Paul, Trench, Triibner & Co. ; Peoria Public Library ; Philadelphia 
Academy of Natural Sciences; Messrs. Phillipsou & Golder ; William Pilling; The 
Lessee, Prince of Wales Theatre, Liverpool; Protestant Alliance Association; The 
Registrar of Patents, Queensland; Richard Randolph; James H. Rawlins; T. 
Mellard Reade, c.e., &c. ; William Relton ; Admiral Sir G. H. Richards, k.c.b. ; 
Rochdale Free Public Library ; The Rotunda Theatre Company, Liverpool ; Royal 
Astronomical Society ; Royal Colonial Institute ; Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society ; 
Royal Dublin Society ; Royal Institute of British Architects ; Royal Medical and 
Chirurgical Society ; Royal National Life-boat Institution ; Royal Society ; Royal 
Society of Canada ; Royal University of Ireland ; J. W. Rundall, b.a. ; Marylebone 
Free Libraries ; Salem Public Libraries, Mass., U.S.A. ; Salford Royal Library ; 
Seismological Society of Japan ; Henry Sell ; Edward Sergeant, Medical Officer of 
Health, Lancaster ; The Proprietor, Shakespeare Theatre, Liverpool ; George Shaw ; 
Rev. Arthur Sloman ; George Smith, c.i.e., ll.d. ; Smithsonian Institute, Washing- 
ton, U.S.A. ; Society for the Protection of Animals from Vivisection ; Society of 
Antiquaries of London ; Society of Antiquaries of Scotland ; Society of Auditors and 
Accountants ; South Shields Public Library ; Southport Bath Company ; Messrs. E. 
and F. N. Spon ; Elliot Stock ; H. Stropes, f.g.s. ; Messrs. Stubbs& Co. ; Swedenborg 
Society; Sydney Technological College; Sydney University; E. R. Taylor; J. S. 
Taylor, m.d. ; T.B.S.T. ; George C. Thompson, ll.m. ; Messrs. Tillotson & Son ; Tokyo 
Library, Japan ; Arthur E. Tregelles ; University of Trinity College, Toronto (per Rev. 
B. R. Kendall, m.a.) ; Trinity College, London ; Captain Tucker ; United States Govern- 
ment ; Francis Vacher. m.d., Medical Officer of Health, Birkenhead; Agent General 
for Victoria; Comptroller of Patents, Victoria; Victoria University; Wagner Free 
Institute of Science, Philadelphia ; Warrington Museum and Library ; Wigan Free 
Public Library ; Charles Wilson ; Wisconsin Natural History Society ; Zoological 
Society of London. 



18 



LENDING LIBRARIES. 

The books issued for home reading from the Lending Libraries 
probably indicate more clearly than those issued in the Reference 
Library the jjublic taste in reading. It must not be lost sight of that 
those who use the Lending Libraries are largely young people, whose 
taste is decidedly romantic and adventurous, and who, by their reading 
industry, do much to create the large figures under the head of prose 
fiction. The three lending branches have lent for home reading 431,841 
volumes. 

East Branch Libraey : — The principal event during the past year 
connected with the Lending Libraries has been the inauguration on the 
31st January, 1890, of a new branch in Kensington, known as the 
East Library. The success which has attended its opening has exceeded 
the highest expectation. No doubt much of this is due to its attractive 
appearance and good position. The ornate and pleasing elevation is the 
design of the City Surveyor and the ground plan and working arrange- 
ments the suggestion of tiie Chief Librai'ian. This library is the 
outcome of the feeling of the Committee to extend the advantages of the 
free library system, and is a part of a scheme which included the rebuilding 
and remodelling of the present North and South branches, a scheme which 
the Committee still hope to carry out whenever their financial position 
will permit. The library combines a lending department for the issue of 
books for home reading and a reading room for the perusal of books, 
magazines, and newspapers on the premises. The issue of books for home 
reading since the date of opening number 106,884 volumes, and those 
issued in the reading room 33,464 volumes. The volumes in stock 
number 8,202. There have been four books lost and paid for, and one 
book has been stolen. The readers who have constituted themselves 
borrowers from the lending library numbered on the 31st December last 
3,968 ; of them 1,581 are females, and 2,387 males ; 1,537 are under 21 
years of age, and 2,431 are above that age. The following table gives 
the classification of readers according to occupation, and the next table 
the classification of the books lent in the reading room and for home 
reading : — 



14 



Table 1. — Shewing classification of readers, viz. : — 

Ministers, Physicians, Solicitors, Artists, &c. ... 
Book-keepers, Accountants, Insurance Agents, &c. 
Mechanics, Labourers, Warehousemen, &c. 
Students, Scholars, &c. ... 
Teachers ... 

Printers, Telegraphists, Telephonists, Typewriters, &c. 
Inspectors, Postmen, Police Constables, &c. ... 
Shopkeepers, Shop-assistants, Barmen, &c. 
Apprentices, Telegraph Messengers, Office Boys, &c. 
No occupation stated (principally females) 

Total 



178 
625 
454 
319 
277 
185 
194 
241 
348 
1,147 



3,968 



Table 2. — Shewing classification of books lent, viz. : 



Classification. 



Theology, Morals, &c 

Natural Philosophy, &c 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature 

Jurisprudence, Law, &c 

Commerce, Political Economy, &c 

Education and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics 

Totals 



Lending 


Library. 


Beading Koom. 


Volumes 


Daily 


Volumes 


Daily 


issued. 


average. 


issued. 


average. 


1,117 


4 


235 


1 


1,288 


5 


368 


1 


1,260 


4 


360 


1 


*6,288 


22 


1,213 


4 


3,206 


11 


988 


3 


767 


3 


187 


1 


2,171 


8 


561 


2 


4,227 


15 


1,8.32 


6 


147 


1 


77 


I 


758 


3 


156 


1 


504 


2 


279 


1 


841 


3 


348 


1 


84,115 


301 


26,770 


95 


195 


1 


95 


1 


106,884 


383 


33,464 


119 



'Includes 3,201 volumes of music ; daily average II. 



North and South Lending Branches : — These branches are still 
Lending Libraries only, though large and commodious Reading Rooms 
attached to them would prove useful and attractive. The number of 
readers at the East Library does not altogether represent a plus number, 
for evidently many readers of the north and south branches have found 
it much more convenient to resign membership and join the new 



15 

Library. The diminution of readers at the North Branch Library has 
been 81G ; at the South, SDG. The subjoined tables shew the working 
of these Libraries during the year. 

Table 1.— 



Volumes issued 

New Tickets issued 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Readers on the Books 

Books lost or injured and paid for . . 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn . . 

Volumes worn out — replaced 

Volumes added 

Total number of volumes in Libraries 



1 


Xorth. 


South. 

178,545 
1,727 
2,185 
2,124 
3,985 
20 

282 

373 

570 

23,244 


Total. 




146.412 
1,695 
1,635 
2,511 
3,316 
13 

443 

352 

545 

22,822 


324,957 




3,422 




3,820 
4,635 




7,301 




39 









725 




725 




1,115 

40,066 



Table 2.— 



Theology 

Natural Philosophy 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography 

Topography and Antiquitips . . . . 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce and Political Economy 
Education, Logic, and Language 

Poetry and the Drama 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics 

Books for the Blind 



Total 146,412 



Volumes Issued. 



North. 


South. 


Total 


2,622 


1,744 


4,366 


1,872 


2,240 


4,112 


1,181 


1,611 


2,792 


6,723 


7,297 


14,020 


4,523 


6,338 


111,861 


496 


959 


1,455 


3,257 


4,538 


7,795 


9,124 


9,721 


18,845 


131 


170 


301 


497 


931 


1,428 


986 


1,054 


2,040 


808 


818 


1,626 


113,985 


140,722 


254,707 


139 


268 


407 


68 


134 


202 



178,545 324,957 



EVENING READING ROOMS. 

These Reading Rooms, open from 6 to 9-30 p.m., are located in 
various school-rooms. They are now four in number, the room in Low 
Hill having been closed when the new Reading Room in Kensington was 
opened in January last. Their establishment was the outcome of ^ desir? 



1890. 


1889. 


Average 
per night. 


Atten- Average 
dance. per night. 


101 
70 

101 
84 


31,258 102 
14,330 47 
30,535 100 
23,466 77 



16 

on the part of the Committee to give to the working classes facilities 
for reading within easy distance from their homes. Books are not 
supplied ; but, instead, the principal London and local papers and a large 
selection of useful and entertaining magazines and periodicals are 
provided. The rooms are fairly successful, but the school furniture and 
the difficulty of storing chairs and tables for reading purposes prevent 
anything like a complete success. 

The attendances are as follows : — 

Atten- 
dance. 

Chatsworth Street Board School 30,866 

Queen's Road Board School 21,282 

Stanley Road Board School 30,800 

Wellington Road School 25,643 

Totals 108,591 356 116,912 383 

FREE LECTURES. 

The Free Lectures are among the more important and encouraging 
work of this Institution. The number of lectures delivered during the 
year have been 49, and the audiences have averaged for each of the 37 
Winter Lectures 855, and for the 12 delivered in the Autumn 699. 

The lectures are intended to encourage useful reading, but especially to 
give to artizans and labourers the opportunity of gaining information in 
science, history, geography, &c., which want of time or deficiencies of 
early education prevents them acquiring in a more sure and solid, but 
less attractive way. The total number of persons who attended the 
lectures was 40,025. The lectures were as follows : — 

Winter Series. 
Argent, W. I. " How our Fathers Played and Sung ; " with Vocal 

and Instrumental Illustrations. 
Argent, W. I. " Music I have Heard ; " with Vocal and Instrumental 

Illustrations. 
BiRCHALL, Jambs. " The Hansa : the Great Commercial Union of 

Medieval Europe ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Carey, F. S., m.a.. Professor of Mathematics, University College, 

Liverpool. " Horrocks, the Toxteth Astronomer ; " illustrated by 

the Oxyhydrogen Light. 



d 



17 

Caton, Richard, m.d., F.u.c.r., Professor of Physiology, University 
College, Liverpool. " Scandinavia and the Vikings ; " illustrated 
by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Clibboen, Frederic. " To Venice by Sea ; " illustrated by the Oxyhy- 
drogen Light. 

CoRTiE, Hev. a. L., S.J. " The Orion Nebula : a study in Celestial 
Evolution' ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

CoWELL, P., F.R.H.S., Chief Librarian, Liverpool Free Public Libraries. 
" The Printed Book and the Printer ; " illustrated by the Oxyhy- 
drogen Light and by Books and MSS. from the Library. 

Davies, Edward, f.C.s. , f.i.c. " Coal Gas ; " illustrated by Experiments. 

DiBDiN, James C. " Sea Songs of Great Britain ; " with Vocal 
Illustrations. 

DiBDiN, James C. ^' Old English Ballads ; " with Vocal Illustrations. 

Dixon, Willmott, ll.b. " Heroes of British India." 

Dyall, Charles, Curator, Walker Art Gallery. " England Fifty 
Years Ago ; " with an introduction in Rhyme, and Illustrations by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Gasking, Rev. Samuel, b.a., f.g.s., f.r.m.s. " Sea Stars ;" illustrated 
by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Gibson, R. J. Harvey, m.a., f.l.s., Lecturer in Botany, University 
College, Liverpool. " The Life History of a Fern ; " illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

GoNNER, E. C. K., M.A., Lecturer on Economic and Commercial Science, 
University College, Liverpool. " The Real Sir Richard Whittington 
and the Cat ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Grensted, Rev. F. F., m.a., Second Master, Merchant Taylor's School, 
Crosby. "The Life and Civilization of Ancient Babylonia and 
Assyria ;" illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Hbrdman, W. a., d.sc, f.l.s., &c., Professor of Natural History, 
University College, Liverpool. " The Simplest Animals and Plants, 
and their relation to one another ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 
Light. 

Hewitt, William, b.sc. " The Barometer and its Uses ; " illu>trated 
by Experiments and the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

HiGGlNS, Rev. H. H., m.a.. President, Liverpool Literary and Philo- 
sophical Society. " Scenes and Incidents of Travel from Alexandria 
to Sinai ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 



18 

Jeffs, Osmund "W. " British Scenery : its characteristics and origin ; " 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Jeffs, Osmund W. " Record of the Rocks ; " illustrated by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Leslie, Frank J., f.r.g.s. " The Tower of London : a dark chapter in 

English History ;" illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
MacCunn, John, m.a.. Professor of Philosophy, University College, 

Liverpool. "The Equahty of Men." 
McMillan, R. " Morocco and the Moors;" illustrated by the Oxyhy- 

drooen Light. 
Potts, John, f.g.s. " Ants and Spiders : their habits and instincts ; " 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
RiGBY, Rev. E. A., s.J., Stonyhurst College. " The Division of Labour 

in Animals ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Rowlandson, William, c.e. " The Coaching Days and Early Days of 

Railways ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Shaw, H. S. Hele, m. inst. c.e.. Professor of Engineering, University 

College, Liverpool. " The Eififel Tower ; " illustrated by Models 

and by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Snape, H. Lloyd, d.sc, ph.d. "Alchemy and Chemistry;" illustrated 

by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Strong, H. A., m.a., ll.d.. Professor of Latin, University College, 

Liverpool. " Recent Acquisitions of the British Empire ; " illus- 
trated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Stubbs, Capt. Edward, r.n. " War Ships of Foreign Powers ; " 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Thompson, George E. " Rambles along the Riviera ; " illustrated 

by the Oxyhydrogen Light, 
Thompson, Isaac C, f.l.s., f.r.m.s. " An hour with the Microscope ;" 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Williams, Rev. S. Fletcher. " Charles Kingsley : Poet, Novelist, 

and Social Reformer." 
Wertheimer, J., B.sc, B.A., Head Master, Leeds School of Science and 

Technology. " The Magnet and its Marvels ; " illustrated by 

Experiments and the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Woodward, Arthur Smith, f.g.s., f.z.s., of British Museum, London. 

" Herrings and their Cousins ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 

Light. 



19 

Autumn Series. 

Four Lectures on " The Progress of Astronomy," bv Richard ('. 

Johnson, f.r.a.s. 
Four Lectures on "The History and Art of Egypt, Babylonia, and 

Assyria," by the Rev. F. F. Grensted, m,a. 
Four Lectures on " The History and Development of the iVrt of 

Music," by W. L Argent. 



SUMMARY OF STATISTICS OF LIBRARY DEPARTMENT. 



PicTON Readixg Room : 

Volumes issued 

Magazines and Reviews 



North and South Lending Libraries : 
Volumes lent 



'East Lending Library and Reading 
Boom : 

Volumes issued in Reading Room 

Magazines and Reviews 

Visitors to the Newspapers 

Volumes issued in Lending Library . . . . 



Evening Rbading Rooms: 
Newspapers, Magazines, and Reviews . 



Lectures : 
Attendance 



Volumes -^Ma^i^ines" Newspaper Lecture 
issued, i i„^t,P? : Visitors. Atteudance 



Brown Library : 

Volumes issued 157,137 

Monthly and Weekly Magazines - 

Illustrated Papers, issued in volumes, I 
{" The Graphic," " Illustrated i 

London News," " Punch," &c.) j S.3,763 

Directories ' 72,500 

Specifications of Patents for Inventions | 15,287 
Visitors to the Newspapers 



191,071 



431,841 



33,464 



106,884 



Total 1,091,947 



153,028 



110,018 



44,301 



108,591 



422,598 



175,440 



50,001 



231,501 



4",025 
40,025 



20 

MUSEUM. 



Visitors to Museum. 

1890 1889 

(262 Days.) (213 Days.) 
Total visitors in the year . . 
Weekly average 
Daily average 



MONDAY EVENING OPENING OF THE MUSEUM. 



340,228 


282,559 


6,542 


5,424 


1,298 


1,32G 



During the year the Museum was open on 26 evenings, and the total 
attendances were 7,261, giving an average attendance per evening of 279. 

As in the previous year, short lectures were given each evening on 
various specimens in the Museum, and were much appreciated. 

Lecturers and Subjects. 

1890. 

Jan. 6th. — The Cockroach, by Mr. G. F. Moore. 

Jan. 13th.— On Corals, by Mr. J. Brack Warriner. 

Jan. 20th. — On the History of a piece of Slate, by Mr. J. Lomas. 

Jan. 27th. — On relics of Ancient Funeral Customs, by Mr. T. Tarleton. 

Feb. 3rd.— On the Birds of Paradise, by Mr. G. J. Hill. 

Feb. 10th. — On the Formation of Agates and the uses to which they 

are put, by Mr. F. P. Marrat. 
Feb. 17th.— On Organs, Old and New, by Mr. W. I. Argent. 
Feb. 24th. — On Animals and their uses (part I.), by Mr. R. Paden. 
Mar. 3rd. — On Egyptian Gods and Mummies in the Mayer Museum, 

by Mr. P. Entwistle. 
Mar. 10th. — On Wedgwood, by Miss E. M. Wood. 
Mar. 17th.— On Spiders, by J. Chard. 

Mar. 24th. — On Animals and their uses (part II.), by Mr. R. Paden. 
Mar. 31st.— On the Life History of the Frog, by Mr. J. A. Clubb. 

Oct. 13th. — On Ancient Sculpture and Sculptors, by Mr. Charles Dyall. 
Oct. 20th.— On Squids, Calamaries, &c., by Mr. F. P. Marrat. 
Oct. 27th. - On the Protozoa or Tiny Rock Builders, by Mr. Daniel 
Clague, F.G.s. 



21 

Nov. 3r(J.--0n the Living Specimens in the Aquaria, by Mr. R. Paden. 

Nov. 10th.— On the Common Frog, by Mr. G. F. Moore. 

Nov. 17th.— On the Babylonian and Egyptian Antiquities in the Mayer 

Collection, l)y the Rev. F. F. Grensted, m.a. 
Nov. 2J:th. — On Nature's Barriers ; or, the Life History of tlie Sand 

Grass, by Mr. Theo. H. Wardleworth. 
Dec. 1st.— On Silver, by Mr. A. Lutschaunig. 
Dec. 8th.— On Crustacea, by Mr. John Chard. 
Dec. 15th.— On Chalk and its Fossils, by Mr. J. Butler Davies. 
Dec. 22nd.— On the Otter and the Seal, by Mr. G. J. Hill. 
Dec. 29th.— On Majolica Ware in the Mayer Museum, by Mr. A. H. 

Frazer. 



Pictorial Groups. 
During the first few months of the year several pictorial groups of 
birds were mounted, amongst the more important of these were a limited 
but very specialized group of birds called Jacanas, found in the tropical 
regions of the New World and the Old, whose great peculiarity is their 
exquisite adaptation to walking on the expanded floating leaves of aquatic 
plants. They are birds of small or moderate size, with feet and claws 
excessively long and thin, comprising about a dozen species, several of 
which are armed with short sharp spurs to their wings, and have coloured 
fleshy caruncles on the forehead. 

This was the last work of Mr. Henry Reynolds, the Museum Taxider- 
mist. &c., whose lamented death took place in August last. The 
numerous pictorial groups mounted by him were alike creditable to him- 
self and to the Museum. 



The Circulating School Cabinets. 
During the year the school cabinets have been issued regularly lo 72 
elementary schools within the City boundaries, and have been much 
appreciated. The only drawback to this important work is, that owing to 
the number of schools on our list and the limited number of cabinets at 
our disposal, it is only possible to sen<l the boxes round to each of these 
schools once in every four months, and this to the Teachers appe us a 
very long interval. 



^2 

In addition to the loan of cabinets for a month at a time, other duplicate 
specimens from the Museum have been lent to schools from time to time, 
to illustrate lessons given before H. M. Inspectors at the annual 
examinations. 



Museums Association. 

The above Association held its first Annual Meeting in Liverpool in 
June last, under the presidency of the Rev. Henry H. Higgins, who 
delivei'ed his Inaugural Address at the opening Meeting. 

By the permission of the Library, Museum and Arts Committee the 
small Lecture Hall and other rooms in the Institution were placed at the 
disposal of the Association during the Meeting. 

The proceedings lasted four days, during which time the following 
papers relating to Museum arrangements and work were read and 
discussed : — 

" On Museum Organization and Arrangement," by Prof. W. Boyd 

Dawkins, f.r.s. 
'■ Suggestions for aid in the determination of Natural History specimens 

in Museums/' by F. W. Rudler, F.G.s. 
" j^ new method of mounting Invertebrates for Museum and Lecture 

purposes," by H. C. Sorby, ll.d., f.r.s. 
" Notes on the Liverpool Free Public Museum," by Thos. J. Moore, 

Corr : M.z.S.L. ; Curator. 
" Circulating School Cabinets for Elementary Schools," by John Chard 

(Assistant in the Liverpool MuseumY 
" The best means of making Museums attractive to the Public," by R. 

Cameron, J. P., Chairman of the Sunderland Museum. 
" A plea for Local Geological Models," by T. J. Moore, Corr : M.z.S.L., 

Curator. 
" Museum Cases and Museum Visitors," by E. Howarth, F.R.A.S., 

Curator of the Sheffield Museum. 
" Notes on the Moscow Museum," by Willoughby Gardner. 
" Winter Evening Lectures in Museums," by R. Paden (Assistant in 

the Liverpool Museum). 
'• The arrangement of Rock Collections," by H. M. Platnauer, B.sc, 
Cui'ator of the York Museum. 



23 

During the Meeting tlie Library, Museum and Arts Committee 
entertained the Members to :i reception and conversazione in the 
Museum. Tlie Mayor also invited some Members to luncheon at the 
Town Hall. 

Mr. J. L. Bowes, Japanese Consul, invited the Members of the 
Association to the opening of his Museum of Japanese Art and to a 
reception. 

The next meeting will be held in Cambridge. 

Donations. 

Leaves, &c., illustrative of the nest and cocoon of the Leaf-cutting Bee, 
Megachile centuncidaris ; presented by Mr. E,. M. Adam. 

A group of young Shells (Avicula?) on Pearl Oyster Shell from 
Chevalpaan Bank, Gulf of Manaar ; presented by Deputy Surgeon 
General Archer. 

A collection of Shells, &c. The collection comprised a series of British 
Shells, with several examples of rare or fine specimens of many of the 
species. A school cabinet is being fitted up from this donation ; presented 
by Miss Ash ton. 

A specimen of Botryoidal Sandstone, nearly all quartz, from the 
Manchester Ship Canal ; presented by Mr. H. C. Beasley. 

Specimens of Insects from Mauritius and Sej'chelles ; collected and 
presented by Mr. C. E. Bewsher, Mauritius, per Dr. Drysdale. 

A specimen of Septaria, dug from a depth of 50 feet, No. 1 section of 
the Manchester Ship Canal atEastham; presented by Mr. Mark Bloomfield 
and Mr. T. Jones. 

A pair of Valves of Cytlierea forniosa, decorated within ; used by the 
Japanese as puzzle toys ; presented by the Japanese Consul, Mr. J. L. 
Bowes. 

Root of Fossil Coal Plant, Stigmaria ficoides, from the Pemberton Coal 
Mine, Wigan ; presented by Mr. William Bullough. 

A Starfish allied to Culcita and Oreaster, and a valve of the Common 
Cockle {Cardiuin cdule) bored by a Mollusc, the boring having been 
covered interiorly with a diaphragm by the Cockle ; presented by Mr. 
Isaac Byerley, f.l.s. 



24 

Five specimens of Permian Limestone from Sunderland, viz. : — 
Botryoidal, Concretionary and Stalactitic, with holes and cracks caused by 
contraction ; pi'esented by Mr. R. Cameron, Sunderland. 

A collection of Specimens of Sponges and Microscopic Slides illustrating 
the orders Hexactinellidre and LifMstidce, mounted and determined by 
Dr. H. J. Carter in illustration of his various papers in the Annals and 
Magazine of Natural History, and presented to the Museum by Dr. H. 
J. Carter, f.r.s. 

A Model of the Koh-i-noor Diamond, presented by Mr. Councillor W. 
Clarkson, 

A Specimen of an Alga, from the Giant's Causeway ; presented by Mr. 
Alderman Cross. 

The Fossil Tusk of an Elephant from the River Plate : presented by 
Mr. J. Daniels. 

An imperfect skin of a Crocodile, from Madagascar ; presented by the 
Right Hon. the Earl of Derby. 

Specimens of Fossil Teeth of Sharks, from thebed of the River Coosan, 
So. Carolina, from a depth of 30 feet ; presented by Mr. R. Evans. 

Three Skulls of large Mummied Cats, one Skull of Dog, and two Skulls 
of Ichneumon, from Beni Hassan, Egypt; presented by Messrs. James 
Gordon & Co. 

Eighteen specimens of rare Minerals, from Australia, Queensland and 
Tasmania ; collected and presented by Mr. John Greenwood. 

A large Nest (two feet long) of a Camoati or Tree-wasp, Myrapetia 
scutellaris, from Villa Colon, Entre Rios; presented by Mr. George Hall. 

A fine example of Lantern Fly, Fulgora laternaria, received from Mr. 
Higgs, in exchange per Rev, H. H. Higgins. 

Two Snakes from South Africa ; presented by Mr. G. J. Hill. 

A specimen of the Birch Tree Polyporous, Polyporous betulina, from 
Cefn ; presented by Mr. W. H. Holt. 

Two Shells, a ISleptunea Berniciensis with a fleshy pink mouth, and a 
Panopcea norvegica, Speng ; presented by Mr. Richard Howse, 

A Guillemot, Lomvia troile, from Anglesea, shot and presented by Mr. 
David Hughes, Junr. 

A stuffed specimen of the "Tarpum'' or Jew Fish. Megalops thrissoides, 
feet long, from the coast of Florida ; presented by Captain E. M. 
Hughes, S.S. " Lord Gough." 



I 



S5 

Four specimens of Coal Plants, Pecopterh lonchitica, Lcpidodendron 
elegatiK, Anthracosia rolnista, and small portions of Flint (Flakes), from a 
railway cutting ; presented by Mr. Kite. 

A dozen heads of Mummied Cats, two of Ichneumon, and one of 
Coney (Hyrax) and sundry limb bones from Beni Hassan, Egypt; 
presented by Messrs. Leventon & Co. 

Skull and Horns of an Argali Sheep from Mongolia; Skull and 
Horns of an Ibex, from the Pamir ; Two Skins and Skulls of Male 
Argali Sheep, and one Skin and Skull of an Ibex from the Saiar Moun- 
tains, Central Asia ; collected and presented by Mr. St. George Littledale. 

A specimen of Syenite, containing orthoclase and oligoclase Felspars 
from Syene (now called Assouan) on the Nile, and a shell, Conus 
e&?<7'?i«M.*, only half coloured ; a specimen of Galena in Blende (Sulphide 
of Zinc) in Magnesian Limestone, near Darlington : twenty-eight 
specimens of named Marble Slabs, cut and polished ; a peculiar blotched 
variety of Cowry Shell, Cyprma stercoraria, L. from Africa ; a small 
detached Fossil Coral, Palceocydus porpita, from Dudley ; and specimen 
of Lepidodendron from the Millstone Grit ; presented by Mr. F. P. 
Marrat. 

A Collection of Lepidoptera from Lagos, mounted and named by 
Herbert Druce, F.L.S., collected and presented by His Excellency C. A. 
Moloney, C.M.G., Governor of Lagos, per Mr. T. H. Barker, Secretary, 
Liverpool Chamber of Commerce. 

Disarticulated Skull of large West African Cat Fish; Injected Arteries 
of Pike and of Astacus Claw ; received in exchange from Messrs. Moore 
Bros. 

A Booklet of pages of sheet iron, of which 500 leaves equal an inch in 
thickness : presented by Mr. Thomas Morris. 

A small collection of samples of Gold Quartz from the Gold Reefs along 
the Malmani River, in the Marcio District of the Transvaal, Africa ; 
presented by Mr. E. K. Muspratt. 

x\ specimen of Spore Coal 4x4^x1 from Donibristle Colliery, Fife, 
collected by Mr. J. W. Kirby, and presented by the Natural History 
Society, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

A Crustacean. Cryptolithodes alta-fissura, from Columbia ; presented 
by Dr. C. F. Newcombe, Victoria, British Columbia. 



26 

A large specimen of the War Conch, Triton variegatxis, Lam., used by 
the Australian and Polynesian Islanders ; presented by Mrs. E. J. 
Parkinson. 

Three specimens of Fossil Coral, Amplexus coj'alloides, from Spring 
Cove, Weston-Super-Mare ; four specimens of Ferruginous Quartz, 
Eisenkiesel, from Ashcombe, Weston-Super-Mare, and one tube of 
Crystals resulting from the decomposition of Eisenkiesel ; presented by 
Mr. Spencer George Perceval. 

A young Alligator, 5 feet 6 inches long (^Alligator niississipjnensis) from 
New Orleans ; presented by Captain Reynolds. 

Part of the Femur of an Elephant, and fragments of undetermined 
bones from the Rio Negro ; presented by Mr. W. P. Steer. 

Specimens of Trap-door and other Spiders and their Nests, collected by 
the Rev. Kendrick Abraham, Cape Colony, So. Africa ; also specimens 
of one Genils and two species, pronounced by the Rev. 0. P. Cambridge 
as probably undescribed, from the same district and collector; also a Trap- 
door Spider and its Nest found attached to the roots of ferns, New Zealand, 
and 6 Vegetable Caterpillars (Hepialus virescens), also from New 
Zealand ; presented by Mr. Frederick Taylor. 

Specimens of Soap-berries, from Maranham ; presented by Mr. T. J. 
Taylor. 

A Collection of Minerals and Fossils selected with great cire. Each 
specimen is marked by some interesting feature. In the collection there 
are numerous specimens representing minerals which are most usefully 
employed for economic purposes ; presented by Mr. Thos. K. Twist. 

Two Valves of Pearl Oyster from Tahiti, and a specimen of Woodstone ; 
presented by Mr. George G. Weiss. 

Purchase. 
Owincr to the limited funds at the disposal of the Committee, only one 
purchase in the Natural History Department, viz. : —Twenty five 
specimens of selected Lepidoptera, has been made during the year. 

MAYER MUSEUM. 

Donations. 
Roman Mosaic Pavement ; face from the head of a figure ; part of a 
standing female figure with an animal by her side ; Sepulchral Tablet ; 



i 



^7 

part of an Altar with Greek inscription, all in white marble ; and a 
block of marble, on the surface of which are outline^ of human feet, 
with a Greek inscription inside each, " A memorial of a pilgrimage to 
some sanctuary, made by those ])ersons the names of whom are written 
on the feet " (Professor A. Micluelis) ; all collected on the site of the 
ancient town of Cyzicus, Asia Minor, and presented by C'aptain John 
Ferguson, s.8. " Aleppo." 

Seated figure of Mercury, modelled by " Solomon Gibson, 1810," 
Herculaneum pottery ; Derby biscuit-ware figure of seated Cupid and 
Dog, No. 213 ; Owl and Partridge, in porcelain, painted in colours, 
made at Bow ; Lamp and Saucer, Wedgwood Etruscan ware ; bhie and 
white Jasper Ink-stand, Wedgwood ; SnuflPbox, on the lid is a painting 
of the " Mutter und Kind, nach Rubens " ; oval Patch-box and Pocket 
Companion, of Hattersea enamel ; six Plates, three Bowls, three Cups 
and Saucers, and one double Snutf-bottle decorated in coloured 
enamels, Chinese ; pair of N. American Indian Shoes ; carved Wooden 
Fork and Spoon, Madagascar ; Wooden Spoon, carved, Zanzibar, and 
Paper-weight, India ; presented by the Miss Ashtons. 

Dagger, Cawnpore, India ; presented by J. 0. Morrison. 

Collection of Paheolithic and Neolithic Implements, with a series of 
Bronze Weapons, illustrating the antiquity and progress of man ; 
presented by the Right Hon. the Earl of Derby, K.G. 

The Collection contains representative specimens fi'om the following 
localities : — Palccolithic Celts — From Abbeville, Les Eyzies, Dordogne, 
St. Briene, and Yonne, France ; Brandon, SuiToIk ; Shrub Hill, 
iNorfolk ; Leyton, Plaistow, Warren Hill, and Newhaven. JSeollthic 
Celts — From Lough Corrib, Toome, Galway, Armagh, Co. Down, and 
Tipperary, Ireland ; Vosges, Bonpieres, France ; Venice, Spain, Greece, 
Samoa, Fiji, &c. There are also a small collection of Mounted Celts, 
Awls, Pins, Rings, &c., &c., from the Swiss Lake Dwellings ; a large 
number of American Stone Haumier and Flint Arrow-heads ; a number 
of Celts, &c., from Xew Guinea, Barbadoes, New Zealand, Egypt, and a 
fine collection of beautifully chipped and polished Celts, Gouges, Spear- 
heads, Scrapers, Hammer-heads, and Spindle-whorls, from Denmark ; 
and, lastly, a few Bronze Implement:;. 



28 

Purchased. 

Kaga-ware Plate, mark on the base " Genroku no toshi seisu," made 
in the year -period of Genroku, 1688-1704 a.d. 

Bkick basalt bowl, cover and saucer, elaborately painted decoration, 
Wedgwood. 

Three cut glass Ladles (syphons) for punch. 

Kaffir Snuff-box. 

Nankin China Bowl. 

Silver Medal, Egypt, 1882 ; Bars— Abu Klea, The Nile, 1884-5, and 
Tel-el Kebir. 

Bronze Medal, Egyptian Star. 

English delft-ware Plate, dated 1749. 

" Mahajpoor" Medal. 

Exchange. 

The following five Wedgwood medallions, new to the collection, 
were received in exchange from Mr. Cross for five duplicate 
specimens : — 

Blue and white jasper ware Medallion of Dr. Erasmus Darwin ; black 
basalt Medallions of Jacob Cats, Michael Angelo, Frau Albani, and Le 
Seuer. 

WALKER ART GALLERY. 



The work of the Gallery during the past year has been characterized 
by much activity : all the available resources of the Institution having 
been in operation for the furtherance of the Art Education of the public. 

In the Spring the rooms containing the Permanent Collection were 
thoroughly cleaned and coloured, the Curator taking advantage of this 
opportunity to examine the condition of the Works of Art, and to effect 
such renovations in picture frames, &c., as were found necessary. A 
complete re-arrangement of the pictures was made, with the result, it is 
believed, that the collection never before showed to such advantage. 

The rooms of the extension vacated by the closing of the Autumn 
Exhibition in December were profitably utilized by letting them to the 
Dore Gallery Company (Limited) for a period of seven months, for an 
Exhibition of Dore's Works. The Exhibition proved a great success, 



I 



29 

and a considerable sum was realized by the Committee by the rental 
accruing therefrom, thus alleviating in a great measure the embarrass- 
ment caused by the insufficiency of the penny rate to meet the current 
expenses of the three Institutions. 

The Annual Exhibition of the Liverpool Society of Painters in Water 
Colours was also held in the Gallery during the year, from May the 5th 
to June the 7th. 

During the month of August the Galleries were placed at the disposal 
of His Worship the Mayor, Thomas Hughes, Esq., for the purpose of a 
Conversazione of the Members of the Association for the Reform and 
Codification of the Law of Nations. 

A fine group in marble, entitled " Play," by Henry Weekes, E.A., has 
been deposited in the Gallery. 

The Gallery was open on 304 days, and closed for cleaning and other 
purposes on nine days. 

The total number of visitors was 426,741, being a daily average 
attendance of 1,403. Included in the above are 64,717 visitors who 
paid for admission to the Autumn Exhibition, and 12,544 pupils of 
schools of various denominations admitted free. 

The following Pictures were lent by the Committee during the 
year : — 

To the Edinburgh International Exhibition — 

" Jeanne D'Arc, by Harold S. Rathbone. 
To the Arts and Sports Exhibition, Grosvenor Gallery, London — 

" Tried Friends," by William Huggins. 
To the Royal Cambrian Academy — 

" Elijah in the Wilderness," by Sir Frederick Leighton, p.k.a. 
To the Peel Park Museum, Salford, and afterwards to the Bolton Art 
Museum — 

" Motherless," by Arthur Stocks, r..i. 

" One of the Family," by F. G. Cotman, R.i. 

" Don't 'ee Tipty Toe," by John Morgan. 
To the Royal Hibernian Academy — 

" The Best of Husbands," by Arthur Stocks, R.i. 
Owing to the numerous applications for loans of important works, the 
Committee, after much consideration, have found it necessary to make 



30 

a Standing Order not to lend any works for annual Exhibitions, and 
not to lend the following on any occasion, viz. : — 

" Dante's Dream " (Rossetti). 

" Samson " (Solomon). 

" Lorenzo and Isabella" (Millais, r.a.). 

" A Summer Night " (Moore, R.W.S.). 

" Faithful unto Death" (Poynter, r.a.). 

" Elijah " (Leighton, p.r.a.). 

" A New Light in the Hareem " (Goodall, r.a.). 

" Eventide " (Herkomer, r.a.). 

" Ruth and Naomi " (Calderon, r.a.). 

" Friday " (Dendy Sadler). 



Additions to the Permanent Collection by Purchase. 

The following works were purchased from the Liverpool Autumn 
Exhibition of 1890 :— 

"A Slimmer Night" (oil), by Albert Moore, R.w.s, 

" Ophelia " (oil), by Henrietta Rae (Mrs. Normand). 

" Late Autumn " (oil), by Anderson Hague, R.i. 

" Ariel " (oil), by Robert Fowler. 

" Summer-Time in Sussex " (water colour), by T. Hampson Jones. 



Donations to the Permanent Collection. 

" When Seas are Fair and Winds are Still " (oil), by Thomas Huson, 

R.L ; presented by James Barrow, Esq. 
" A Florentine Poet " (oil), by G. Hervey Garraway ; commissioned 

and presented by Friends of the Institution. 
Third Volume of Reproductions of Early German and Italian Prints ; 

presented by the Trustees of the British Museum. 
Two Mezzo-Tints, published in the year 1789 — 

" A Mad Bull " (after George Morland), engraved by R. Dodd. 

" An Ass Race " (after George Morland), engraved by W. Ward. 
Plaster Models — "The Ancient Woodman" and " Music and Dancing;" 

presented by the sculptor, J. Milo Griffith, 



81 



Autumn Exhibition of Pictures. 



Number of Pictures and other Works 
of Art Exhibited 



1,307 

Number of Pictures sold 188 

Amount realized by sales 

Season Tickets sold 2,961 

Admissions at One Shilling 27,451 

Sixpence 15,007 

Threepence i 19,298 

Catalogues sold 19,345 

Commission on sales 

Miscellaneous Beceipts 

Total Receipts, exclusive of sales 



1890. 



6,f43 1 6 

511 12 6 

1,372 11 

375 3 

241 4 

484 18 

221 16 

79 1 

3,286 7 



1889. 



1,560 
184 

2,481 
29,504 
23,535 

7,422 
19,635 



s. d. 



8,083 3 

432 11 

1,475 4 

588 7 

92 15 

524 9 

283 10 6 

75 2 7 

3,472 1 1 



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THIRTY-NINTH 

ANNUAL REPORT 
OF THE COMMITTEE 

OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 




^VALKER ART GALLERY, 



OF THE 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL, 



FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31 ST DECEMBER, 1891. 






LIVERPOOL : 
J. R. WILLIAMS & CO., PRINTERS, 8, SCHOOL LANE. 

1892. 




I 



THIRTY-NINTH 

ANNUAL REPORT 
OF THE COMMITTEE 

OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 

AND 

WALKER ART GALLERY, 

OF THE 

CITY OF LIVERPOOL, 

FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31 ST DECEMBER, 1891. 





LIVERPOOL: 
J. R. WILLIAMS & CO., PRINTERS. 8, SCHOOL LANE. 

1892. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 

FOR THE YEARS 1891-2. 



JAMES DE BELS ADAM, ESQ., MAYOR. 

Committee. 

ALDERMAN SIR WILLIAM B. FORWOOD, J.P., CHAIRMAN. 
PHILIP H. RATHBONE, ESQ., J.P., DEPUTY CHAIRMAN. 



WILLIAM B. BOWRING, ESQ., 
LIEUT. -COL. A. H. BROWN, M.P., 
EDMOND BROWNBILL, ESQ., 
WILLIAM J. BURGESS, ESQ., 
ANDREW COMMINS, ESQ., LL.D., MP., 
JACOB R. GRANT, ESQ., 
REV. HENRY H. HIGGINS, M.A., 
ROBERT D. HOLT, ESQ., J. P., 



JOHN LEA, ESQ., 
ALDERMAN W. J. LUNT, 
RICHARD R. MEADE-KING, ESQ., 
ALDERMAN T. W. OAKSHOTT, J.P., 
WILLIAM H. PICTON, ESQ., 
GEORGE B. RODWAY, ESQ., 
JOHN SCOTT, ESQ., 
WILLIAM E. WILLINK, ESQ., 



SIR ANDREW B. WALKER, BART. 

(KIjtEf lEibrarian : 
PETER COWELL. 

gepnlg-ISilrrttriait : 
THOMAS FORMBY. 

(Enraior o£ Iljfi ^nseant : 
THOMAS J. MOORE. 

^SBiBtani (taraior : 
• RICHARD PADEN. 

(Rottcljolasisl, Jlnuralo0tai, $tc. : 
F. P. MARRAT. 

fltnraiar oi ilje Malkir ^rt (gallerg : 
CHARLES DYALL. 

^saiistani Qturatar : 
ALFRED H. FRAZER. 



GENERAL REPORT. 

In collating year by year the reports of the Librarian and the Curators 
of our Museums and Art Gallery in our annual review, the feeling grows 
stronger that the work being done in our institutions is no longer of a 
tentative character, but enters largely and beneficially into the daily life 
of the people. 

The working men who crowd the newspaper stands or fill the reading 
rooms from early morning to late evening, the students who frequent the 
Picton Reading Room, the Art Galleries, and Museums, are all equally 
earnest in degree in acquiring information which has to do with their 
daily toil, their education, or entertainment ; and although the latter may 
be primarily the pursuit of the majority, it is gratifying to feel that in so 
many of these a taste is gradually developed for serious reading and study. 
The free lectures which for more than a quarter of a century have been 
delivered in the institution with the object of encouraging and fostering 
useful reading, are, by their great popularity, no less a source of pleasure 
and gratification to the Committee. In the much-regretted death of 
Aldeiman W. J. Lunt, the General Committee feel that they have lost a 
valuable and useful colleague who gave considerable time and attention, 
I as Chairman of the Lecture Sub-Committee, to the organization of the 
several courses of these annual lectures, and to the arrangements necessary 
to insure their success. 

The past year has been a memorable one in the history of our institution ; 
we have been enabled by the generous assistance of the City Council to 
pay off the debt which has for many years seriously encumbered our work, 
land, although the funds at the disposal of the Committee for the purchase 
of books have been smaller than usual, we have been enabled out of the 
fund voted for purchase of technical books to greatly strengthen the 
practical side of the institution. We have now complete libraries of all 
recent works on technology at the Central Library and at the three branch 
libraries, and in order to bring these books directly under the notice of 
artizans a special catalogue has been printed and distributed among the 
workshops in the city. The Committee have taken great interest in the 
developmeut of this branch of their work, and have received the hearty 
co-operation of the Professors of University College in compiling the list 
of works which they have added to the library shelves. 



4 

A new volume of the Reference Library Catalogue has been completed 
in a most satisfactory manner. The compilation of this elaborate volume 
has entailed great labour and responsibility upon our Librarian and his 
staff, and the able manner in which it has been completed is very 
gratifying to the Committee. 

The present North and South Branch Libraries are quite inadequate for 
the purpose, and the Committee trust the day is not far distant when they 
may be in a position to erect new librai-ies with reading rooms. Libraries 
without reading rooms only perform one half of their educational work ; 
and in many of the more recent libraries boys' and even children's reading 
rooms have been added, with very encouraging results. 

The work of the Museum and Mayer Collection has made steady 
progress, and the Monday Evening Lectures increase in popularity. A 
new departure has been taken with a view to assist in the general advance 
of technical education. School cabinets have been formed of mechanical 
and physical apparatus, which are being circulated among the elementary 
schools. Meetings of the head masters and mistresses have been held, at 
which the scheme of the Committee has been explained, and there is every 
reason to hope that these cabinets will be of great service in illustrating 
technical instruction. 

As regards the Walker Art Gallery, the past year was successful from 
every point of view. The Autumn Exhibition was one of exceptional merit 
and interest, and was very largely attended. 

Acting upon a resolution of the Council, the Committee have opened 
the Permanent Gallery on Sunday afternoons ; the attendance has been 
large and very orderly, and the opportunity of seeing our picture galleries 
has been largely availed of by the artizan classes. 

An important work by Holman Hunt, ' The Triumph of the Innocents,' 
has been added to the Permanent Collection, part of the cost being defrayed 
by a public subscription. 

With a view to make use during the Winter and Summer of the 
galleries occupied by the Autumn Exhibition, the Committee have 
oiganised aNaval Exhibition, which has been very successfully inaugurated, 
and the Committee hope it will result in a handsome balance towards 
tae purchase of pictures and the fouuding of a Nautical College. 

The desire of the Committee is to popularize the noble and unique 
group of institutions under their control, and to avail themselves of all 



I 



the many and varied opportunities they afford for the education and 
entertainment of the people. Some idea of the success which has 
attended their efforts may be gathered from the fact that the several 
libraries have issued during the year 1,015,225 volumes and 421,003 
periodicals, have had 219,413 visitors to consult the newspapers, and 
that audiences amounting to a total of 34,726 have attended the lectures ; 
while to the Museum there were 320,387 visitors, and to the Walker Art 
Gallery 503,991 visitors. 

WILLIAM B. FORWOOD, 
Chairman. 

REFERENCE LIBRARY. 

Reference Library : — This Library includes the Brown Library and 
Reading Room and the Picton Reading Room. Connected with it are 
two lecture halls and several class rooms. Besides the ordinary work of 
this Library, which includes the delivery during the Autumn and Winter 
months of several courses of free lectures in the cause of general 
education, accommodation is found in its small lecture hall and class 
rooms for the meetings of learned societies and for the holding of science 
and art classes, under the direction of the Liverpool School of Science 
and Technology. 

The Brown Reading Room is assigned for the perusal of popular 

literature. The principal London, local and other provincial papers are 

available there, magazines of a varied and entertaining character, and a 

selection of the best works in English prose fiction. There is also 

unrestricted access to some 70 county, city, and town directories. In 

the book room of the Brown Library are found the specifications of 

patents for inventions, which may be examined at pleasure. The 

statistics of the issues and attendances in this part of the library during 

the past year number 694,164, or an increase of 37,009 over 1890. 

Practically this is not an increase, seeing that this room was, in 1890, 

closed 25 working days for painting, &c. 

Visitors to the Newspapers ... ... ... ... 172,334 

Monthly and Weekly Magazines, &c., issued ... 139,273 
Illustrated Papers issued in volumes ("The Graphic," 

" Illustrated London News," " Punch," &c.) ... 112,421 

Directories ... ... ... ... ... ... 70,648 

Specifications of Patents for Inventions ... ... 15,809 

Volumes of Prose Fiction ... ... ... ... 183,679 



The Picton Reading Room, called so in honour of the late Sir James 
A. Picton, who for nearly 49 years was Chairman of this Institution, 
is set apart as a student's room and for literary research and inquiry. 
No restriction is placed upon the number of volumes a reader may 
require, and facilities are given by the provision of pens and ink for 
making notes and extracts from the books. Some 300 dictionaries and 
other books in constant use for reference are so placed that they can be 
had at a moment's notice. Two large globes and various important 
atlases are placed in the room for easy reference, and near the entrance 
will be found some 180 scientific and literary magazines, reviews, &c., to 
which readers have free access. The issue of novels is confined to the 
Brown Reading Room. The total issue of books for reference and study 
has been 173,831 volumes, being a decrease of 17,240 volumes. The 
reviews and other scientific and literary periodicals issued show, on the 
other hand, an increase of 1,879. The cause of this decrease is not 
apparent. It has probably arisen from the better state of trade in the 
port during 1891 than in 1890. The classes of literature which show 
an increase are Latin and Greek classics, 778 vols. ; politics, 275 vols. ; 
languages, 157 vols. ; and dictionaries, encyclopaedias, and works of 
general reference, 801 vols. 

Id order to give better facilities for the examination of specifications of 
patents, and consulting the volumes and files of newspapers, the Com- 
mittee are considering the desirability of utilizing the basement of the 
Brown Library, and there finding that increased accommodation for books 
which has become necessary. 

The special grant of £1,600 made by the City Council, under the 
Customs and Excise Act, has enabled the Committee to add numerous 
important books in technology to the Reference and Lending Libraries, 
and so develope the practical side, so to speak, of the institutions. 
The lists of books were supervised by several specialists, and every efi"ort 
made to secure works of only standard merit. 

A new volume of the Reference Library Catalogue has just been 
printed and made available for readers. It has been compiled with every 
endeavour to render accessible the varied literary stores collected in the 
Library, and that no one should find difficulty in finding any particular 
book, or what the Library possesses on any particular subject. A volume 
of 740 pp. 4to, compiled on the elaborate plan in use in the Library and 



successfully passed through the press, with the painstaking care necessary 
to make the catalogue an efficient key to the Library, is deserving of full 
recognition. 

Comparative Statement of issues in the Picton Reading Room, 1890-91. 



Classification. 




1891. 


1890. 


Increase 
1691. 


Decrease 
1891. 


Theology, Morals, &c. 




15,694 


18,283 


... 


2,589 


Natural Philosophy, &c. ... 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 




14,330 

6,184 

24,036 


16,244 

7,546 

28,450 


... 


1,914 
1,362 
4,414 


History and Biography ... 
Topography and Antiquities 
Voyages and Travels 




15,917 
6,059 
8,412 


19,117 
7,391 

9,822 




3,200 
1,3.32 
1,410 


Miscellaneous Literature 




.34,475 


36,503 




2,028 


Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 


4,559 


4,284 


275 




Commerce, Political Economy, 


&c. 


4,014 


4,265 




251 


Education and Language 




6,697 


6,540 


157 




Poetry and Dramatic Literature 


9,728 


10,479 




751 


Latin and Greek Classics 




4,053 


3,275 


778 


... 


Encyclopsedias, &c. 




19,673 


18,872 


801 


... 



Totals 



173,831 191,071 2,011 19,251 



Table. — Showing the number and classification of works contained 
in the Library. 



Classification. 
Theology, Morals, &c. ... 
Natural Philosophy, &c. 
Natural History... 
Science and the Arts 
History and Biography... 
Topography and Antiquities 
Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, 
Reviews, Societies' Proceedings, &c., in volumes) 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 

Commerce, Political Economy, &c. 

Education and Language 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 

Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Classics and Translations 

Encyclopaedias and Works of General Eeference 

Total ... 



Essay 



Volumes. 
7,280 
2,449 
5,412 
11,909 
12,572 
5,356 
5,221 

23,813 
8,102 
1,578 
1.G03 
4,068 
5,381 
966 
3,.354 

99,064 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, &c., have been presented 
regularly by the respective Publishers : — 



Anglo-American Times 

Assure 

Athletic and Dramatic News 

Australian Standard 

Awake 

Bible Advocate 

Blackpool Herald 

Bootle Times 

Brewers' Guardian 

British and Colonial Printer and 

Stationer 
Builders' Reporter 
Building World 
British Temperance Advocate 
British Woman's Temperance Journal 
Cambridge Examiner 
Canadian Patent Office Eecord 
Cape Argus 
Carnarvon Herald 
Charity Record 
Children's World 
Church Missionary Gleaner 
Church Missionary Intelligencer 
Church Monthly 
Child's Guardian 
Civil Service Aspirant 
Civil Service Competition 
Civil Service Student 
Colonies and India 
Concord 
Day of Days 
Discovery 

Eastbourne Standard 
Educational Times 
Electrical Review 
Electrician 
Electricity 
Empire 

Englishwoman's Review 
Enquire Within 
Financial Reformer 
Fire and Water 
Fireside 
Free Life 
Golden Gates 
Good Health 
Gossip 

Greater Britain 
Grocers' Review 
Gwalia 

Hand and Heart 
Hereford Times 
Homoeopath 
Homoeopathic World 
Home Words 
Imperial Federation 



In His Name 

Insurance and Banking Review 

Invention 

Inventor 

Irish Times 

Iron and Coal Trades 

Iron and Steel Trades 

Isle-of-Man Examiner 

Jewellers' Chronicle 

Jewish World 

Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 

Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 

Liberal Unionist 

Light 

Literary News 

Liverpool Catholic Times 

Liverpool Citizen 

Liverpool Courier (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Echo 

Liverpool Express 

Liverpool Journal of Commerce 

Liverpool Mercury (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Porcupine 

Liverpool Post (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Programme 

Liverpool Reformer 

Liverpool Review 

Liverpool Star 

Liverpool Y.M.C.A. Journal 

Llandudno Advertiser 

Machinery Market 

Manufacturer 

Manufacturer and Builder 

Medium 

Miller 

Mona's Herald 

Money 

Montreal Weekly Witness 

Musical Herald 

National Society of Professional 
Musicians : Monthly Journal 

Nature Notes 

New Church Magazine 

News 

Nonconformist Musical Journal 

Northern Brewers' and Victuallers' 
Journal 

Oddfellows' Magazine 

Othcial Journal of the Patent Office 

Oxford Chronicle 

Paper Maker 

Personal Rights Journal 

Pitman's Musical Monthly 

Practical Photographer 

Present Truth 



Preston Herald 

Printers' Register 

Prizes 

Protestant Observer 

Provincial News 

Queensland Patent OtKce 

liailvvay lleview 

Ramsey Courier 

Richmond and Twickenham Times 

Script Phonographic Journal 

Shipping; World 

Son<,' and Speech 

Specialities 

Spectator (Insurance Magazine) 

Stonyhurtst Magazine 

Sunday Closing Reporter 



Temperance Caterer and Refreshment 

News 
Tool and Machinery Register 
Trade Marks Journal 
Two Worlds 

University Correspondent 
Vaccination Inquirer 
Vegetarian Messenger 
Warrington Observer 
Warwickshire Herald 
Western Daily Press 
Western World 
Worcestershire Herald 
Zeenan and Dundas Herald 
Zoophilist 



Donations. 

Bkitish Museum Trustees: — 

Publications of the British Museum, viz. : — Aristotle on the Con- 
stitution of Athens ; ed. by F. G. Kenyon, m.a. ; Aristotle on the 
Constitution of Athens : Facsimile of Papyrus cxxxi. ; Catalogue 
of Birds, vol. 19; Catalogue of Fossil Birds, by Richard Lydekker, 
B.A. ; Catalogue of Fossil Cephalopoda, by Arthur H. Foord, f.g.s., 
part 2; Catalogue of Fossil Fishes, by A. S. Woodward, f.g.s., 
' part 2 ; Catalogue of Printed Books, 20 vols. ; Illustrations of 
Lepidoptera Heterocera, part 8 ; Systematic List of British 
Oligocene and Eocene MoUusca, by Richard B. Newton, f.g.s. 

Liverpool Walker Engineering Laboratories : — 

Photographs of the Walker Engineering Laboratories. 

[London, Corporation of the City of : — 

Catalogue of the Hebraica and Judaica in the Library of the Cor- 
poration of London. 

(Pitman and Sons, Messrs : — 

Gleanings from Popular Authors ; Manual of Phonography, and 
Key ; Phonographic Reporter ; Phonographic Teacher, and Key ; 
Phonography in the Office ; Progressive Studies in Phonography ; 
Representative British Orations, 2 vols. ; Tales and Sketches ; 
Vicar of Wakefield. 

Thompson, Henry Yates: — 

The English Atlas, 4 vols, f"- 1680-4. 

[Other Books and Pamphlets, Reports, &c., have been received from the 
following donors, for which the Committee again beg to express their 
grateful acknowledgments : — 

Academy of Natui-al Sciences, Philadelphia, U.S.A. ; David Adamson ; Ernest 
King Allen ; Alloa Public Libiary ; American Association for the Study and 
Cure of Inebriety, New York, U.S.A. ; Abel Andrew ; Apprentices' Library, 
New York, U.S.A. ; Argentine Republic Consul, Liverpool ; MaryE. Atherstone ; 
Messrs. Austin and Sons ; Ernest Axon ; Colonial Secretary for Barbados ; 
William Bartlett; J. B. Bayley ; Charles H. Beloe; Maurice S. Berger; Biblioteca 
Nacional, Bucnus Aires, Argentine Republic ; Thomas H. Bickerton, l.k.c.p., &.c. ; 



10 

Birkenhead Literary and Philosophical Society ; William Bispham ; Blackburn 
Free Public Liljrary ; W. F. Blake ; Boston City Auditor, ; H. Percy Boulnois, 
C.E. (Liverpool City Engineer) ; Wilfrid S. Boult, c.E. ; James L. Bowes 
(Japanese Consul, Liverpool) ; Rt. Hon. Lord Brassey, k.c'.b., d.c.l. ; J. 
Potter Briscoe (Librarian, Free Public Library, Nottingham) ; Bristol Public 
Free Libraries ; British and Foreign Bible Society ; British Association for the 
Advancement of Science ; S. K. Broadbent ; Brooklyn Library ; J. C. BroMTi, 
D.sc. ; Camberwell Public Library ; Cambridge University ; A. H. F. Cameron, 
M.D. ; T. B. F. Campbell ; The Director of the Geological and Natural History 
Survey of Canada ; The Canadian Government (per Sir Charles Tupper, The High 
Commissioner for Canada, London, and J. Dj-ke, Commissioner for Canada, Liver- 
pool) ; Andrew Carnegie; Alfred Castellaiu, J. p. ; Messrs. Cassell & Co. ; Mrs. 
David Chadwick ; Chelsea Public Library ; Chicago Board of Trade, U. S. A. ; 
Chicago Manual Training School, U.S.A. ; Chicago Public Library, U.S.A. ; 
Church Missionary Society for Africa and the East ; Cincinnati Chamber of 
Commerce, U.S.A.; Cincinnati Public Library, U.S.A.; Cobden Club; Rev. 
W. H. L. Cogswell ; Gustave Cohen ; George Colebourne ; James C. Commin 
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, New York, U.S.A. 
Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A. ; Messrs. Crane, Crane and Co. 
Edward S. Craston ; Sir Donald Currie ; Robert N. Cust, ll.d. ; Mrs. Davidson 
Dublin University ; H. F. Dufton, b.a. ; Durham University ; Francis Fisk 
General Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen, New York, U.S.A. ; Glasgow 
Athenaeum ; Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College ; Samuel S. Green ; 
W. W. Greenwood, f.r.m.s. ; William Grisewood ; H. B. Harris; Harvard 
University College, Camb., Mass., U.S.A. ; Messrs. Hazell, Watson and Vmey ; 
G. J. Hill ; T. C. Horsfall ; Imperial Federation League, London ; International 
Arbitration and Peace Society ; The Secretary of State in Council for India ; 
Institiite of Civil Engineers ; Institute of Mechanical Engineers ; Irish Unionist 
Alliance ; John Keefe, F.K.G.S., &c. ; Kimberley Public Library, South Africa ; 
Kirkdale Voluntary Industrial Day (Ragged) School ; Lancashire and Chesire 
Entomological Society ; Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society ; Library 
Reports from various Libraries ; Liverpool Institutions, Societies, &c. : — Astro- 
nomical Society. Amateur Photographic Association. Ai-chitectural Society. 
Art Club. Auxiliary Bible Society. Blue Coat Hospital. Catholic Publishing 
Depot. Catholic Reformatory Association. Central Relief and Charity Organisa- 
tion Society. Church of England Scripture Readers' Society. Clerks' Association. 
Dispensaries. Engineering Society. Financial Reform Association. Geological 
Association. Geological Society. The Home. Horticultural Association. Hospital 
Sunday and Saturday Fund. Incorporated Law Society. Infant Orphan Asylum. 
Institute. Literary and Philosophical Society. Medical Institute. Microscopical 
Society. Naturalists' Field Chib. Penny Savings Bank Association. Physical 
Society. Polyteclmic Society. Ragged School Union. Royal Infirmary and 
Lock Hospital. Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Royal 
Southern Hospital. Sailors' Home. Savings Bank. School Board. School for 
the Deaf and Dumb. School of Science. School Ship "Conway." Seamen's 
Friend Society. Seamen's Orphanage Institute. Shipwreck and Humane Society. 
Shoe Black Society. Societj- for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Sunday- 



11 

School Union. Sunday Society. Town Mission. Training Ship "Indefatigable." 
University College. Welsh National Society. Workshops for the Blind. Young 
Men's Christian Association. Young Women's Christian Association ; H. F. 
McAtees ; Joseph H. Mcfiovern ; J. de Maine Browne (late Librarian, Public 
Library, Douglas, Isle of Man) ; Manchester Free Public Libraries ; Manchester 
(ieological Society ; Manchester Microscopical Society ; Mancliester Statistical 
Society; Frederick P. Marrat ; State Library, Mass., U.S.A.; Ewiiig Matheson, 
c.E. ; Medical Oliicer of Health, County Palatine of Lancaster ; Mercantile Library, 
Philadelphia, U.S.A. ; Meteorological Office, Loudon ; Mersey Mission to Seamen ; 
Mersey Docks and Harbour Board ; Milwaukee Public Museum, U.S.A. ; 
University of Minnesota, U.S.A. (Geological and Natural History Survey of 
Minnesota) ; Dr. William Moon, ll.d. ; Museo Nacional do Rio de Janerio, 
Brazil; William Narramore, f.l.s. ; National Association for the Promotion of 
Technical and Secondary Education ; National Footpath Preservation Society ; 
Nelson Public Library ; Agent-General for New South Wales (Sir Saul Samuel, 
K.c.M.G., &c. ); The Pi-oprietor, New Theatre Royal, Liverpool; State Library, 
New York, U.S.A. ; Norwegian Government ; Nottingham Free Public Libraries ; 
Oxford University ; Comptroller of Patents, London ; Comptroller of Patents, 
Queensland ; Allen P. Patou ; Henry Peet ; Messrs. Phillipson and Golder ; The 
Lessee, Prince of Wales Theatre, Liverpool ; Queen's College, London ; William 
H. Quilliam ; Ragged School Union, London ; P. H. Rathbone, j.p. ; James H. 
Rawlins ; T. Mellard Reade, c.E., r.K.s. ; Herbert Reynolds, m.a. ; Admiral Sir 
(J. H. Richards, K.C.B., &c. ; Rotherham Free Public Library; Rotunda Theatre 
Company, Liverpool ; Royal Astronomical Society ; Royal Colonial Institute ; 
Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society ; The Proprietors, Royal Court Theatre, 
Liverpool ; Royal Dublin Society ; Royal Institute of British Architects ; Royal 
National Life-Boat Institution ; Royal Society of Canada ; Royal Society of 
London ; Royal Society of Victoria ; Royal University of Ireland ; Hon. E. 
Russell ; Signora Guilia Sacconi ; Salem Public Library, Mass., U.S.A. ; Com- 
mittee of the Salisbury Fund ; Henry Sell ; The Proprietor, Shakespeare Theatre, 
Liverpool ; E. Shorthouse ; Signet Library, Edinburgh ; T. J. S. Smith ; Smith- 
sonian Institution, Washington, U.S.A. ; Societj' of Antiquaries of London ; 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland ; Society of Engineers, London ; Stonyhurst 
College Observatory ; Clement E. Stretton, c.E. ; Messrs. Stubbs and Company ; 
Swedenborg Society, London ; Sytlney University, N.S.W. ; Agent-General for 
Tasmania, London (Sir E. N. C. Braddon, k.c.m.g.) ; G. E. Thompson; W. P. 
Thompson, c.E. ; Toronto Public Library, Canada ; Toronto University, Canada ; 
Trinity College, London ; Captain Tucker ; United States Government ; Univers- 
ity Club, New York, U.S.A. ; University College, North Wales ; University 
College of Wales, Aberyst\\'yi;h ; University Correspondence, College, London ; 
Francis Vacher, m.d. (Medical Officer of Health, Birkenhead) ; Agent-General for 
Victoria (Hon. Graham Berry, k.c.m.g.) ; Commissioner of Patents, Melbourne, 
Victoria ; Victoria Public Library ; Victoria University, Manchester ; Joint 
Education Committee of Wales and Monmouthshire ; Wandsworth Public Library ; 
Wigan Free Public Library ; R. F. E. Willis ; Jolui Wilson ; Messrs. Wilson and 
Sons; Natural History Society of Wisconsin, U.S.A. ; Messrs. Wright and 
Company ; York Subscription Library ; Yorkshire Union of Institutes, Leeds ; 
Sir Frederick Young, k.c.m.g. ; Zoological Societ}- of London. 



12 

LENDING LIBKAEIES. 

The books issued for home reading from the Lauding Libraries pro- 
bably indicate more clearly than those issued in the Reference Library 
the public taste in reading. It must not be lost sight of that those who 
use the Lending Libraries are largely young people, whose taste is 
decidedly romantic and adventurous, and who, by their reading industry, 
do much to create the large figures under the head of prose fiction. The 
three lending branches have lent for home reading during the year 
424,160 volumes. These figures show a decrease during the year of 7,681 
volumes. If, however, we take into consideration the time which two of 
the branches were closed for painting, &c., the result of the year's work 
is more favourable than it appears. 

It will be noticed that the East Branch Lending Library has a reading 
and newsroom attached to it. In this respect it difiers from the North and 
South Branches, which only issue books for home reading. The estimated 
number of persons who have used the newspapers during the year is 47,079, 
those who have read the various magazines 55,364, and the books issued for 
perusal on the premises 34,677 volumes. The absence of a reading room 
from the other two branches is a want which has long been felt, and one which 
the Committee have every desire to remedy as soon as funds are available. 
They would also like to provide a room for boys, where they could sit and 
read that healthy literature which is now so abundantly provided by so 
many able authors, and where a habit of reading would be formed, 
calculated, it is believed, to be highly beneficial for instruction and 
recreation. This year a table has been drawn up showing the various 
occupations of the borrowers from the Lending Libraries. 

In the number of bookkeepers, clerks, and ofiice boys, the mercantile 
character of Liverpool is distinctly noticeable. The artizau class form a 
very large portion of the total number of borrowers, and if they make 
use, as the Committee hope, of the large and important number of 
technical books added to the Libraries during the past year, much 
advantage cannot fail to follow. For the purpose of drawing the attention 
of artizans who are not already borrowers from the Lending Libraries to 
these books, a small catalogue has been printed of them and circulated in 
the various workshops of the city. Should the men proceed no further 
than merely read the list of books provided in the Libraries on the 
subjects most interesting to them, it cannot be other than profitable. 



13 



Table I. — Shewing volumes issued for home reading. 



Volumes issued in Lending Libraries 
Volumes issued in Reading Koom . . 

New Tickets issued 

Tickets renewed 

Tickets cancelled 

Readers on the Books 

Books lost or injured and paid for . 

Books lost 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn . . . . 

Volumes worn out — replaced 

Volu mes added 

Total volumes in Libraries 



North 
Branch. 



136,195 

1,532 

1,698 

1,632 

3,215 

10 

5 

268 

237 

1,079 

23,613 



» South 
Branch. 



t East 
Branch. 



151,320 

1,654 
2,088 I 
1,823 I 
3,815 ! 
19 
7 
293 
94 I 
1,050 
24.001 



136,645 

34,677 

1,647 

2.420 

1 ,.548 

4,067 

19 

2 



1,481 
9,611 



424,160 

34,677 

4,833 

6,206 

5,00:i 

11,097 

48 

14 

561 

331 

3,610 

57,225 



* Closed 14 days in July for painting, &c. 

t Closed 21 days in July — August for painting, &c. 



Table II, — Shewing classification of volumes issued. 



Lending Libraries. 



North 
Branch. 



South 
Branch. 



Theology, Morals, &c I 2,346 i 1,530 

Natural Philosophy, &c ', 1,697 | 1,547 

Natural History i 1,282 ; 1,141 

Science and the Arts : 6,426 I 5,413 

History and Biography 4,1 11 , 4,487 

Topography and Antiquities 503 i 743 

Voyages and Travels ^'^'l \ ^'^.^^ 

Miscellaneous Literature i 8,187 i 6,659 

Jurisprudence, Law, &c 128 1 38 

Commerce, Political Economy, &c 507 , 736 

Education and Language ' 754 | 677 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 817 j 814 

Prose Fiction 106,635 I 123,911 

Latin and Greek Classics | 92 ] 127 

Books for the Blind j 39 229 

Totals I 136,195 ' 151,320 



East 
Branch. 



1,271 

1,483 

1,430 

6,644 

3,599 

614 

2,430 

6,005 

130 

874 

507 

1,034 

110,407 

217 



136,645 



Reading 
Room. 



East 
Branch. 



5,147 

4,727 

3,853 

18,483 

12,197 

1,860 

8,269 

20,851 

396 

2,117 

1,938 

2.665 

340,953 

436 

268 



424,160 



214 

357 

339 

1,434 

987 

1.59 

530 

2,571 

73 

140 

289 

373 

27,126 

85 



34,677 



Total Volumes issued in Branch Libraries, 458,8.37. 



14 



Table III. — Shewing classification of Borrowers : — 



Architects, Builders, and Surveyors 

Artists, Photographers, and Draughtsmen 

Bakers, Butchers, and Cirocers 

Boilermakers, Platers, and Riveters 

Bookbinders, Printers, and Stationers 

Bookkeepers, Accountants, Clerks, and Agents 

Boot and Shoe Makers 

Brass, Iron, and Steel Founders 

Bricklayers, Slaterers, and Masons 

Cabinetmakers, Upholsterers, and French Polishers 

Carpenters and Joiners 

Chemists and Draggists 

Clergymen, Doctors, and Lawyers 

Coach Painters and Builders 

Cooks, Waiters, and Waitresses 

Customs' Officers, Police Constables, Postmen, &c... 

Dressmakers and Milliners 

Engineers, Fitters, and Machinists 

Farmers and Gardeners 

Firemen 

Ironmongers 

Labourers 

Licensed Victuallers, Brewers, and Barmen 

Mariners 

Merchants and Brokers 

Messengers, Office Boys, and Apprentices 

Musicians 

Nurses 

Painters and Plumbers 

Pattern Makers, Moulders, and Turners 

Students and Scholars 

Shipwrights, Riggers, and Sailmakers 

Smiths 

Tailors and Drapers 

Teachers 

Telegraphists, Telephonists, and Typewriters 

Warehousemen, Storekeepers, &c 

Watchmakers, Jewellers, and Opticians 

Miscellaneous 

No occupation stated (principally females) 



Totals 3,215 



North 
Branch. 



22 
62 
23 
57 
613 

/ 
18 

9 
15 
M 
20 
11 

5 
10 
67 
23 
42 

3 

4 
10 
178 
39 
16 
17 
398 
II 

9 
69 
27 
96 
24 
62 
52 
96 
22 
88 
18 
97 
855 



South 


East 


Branch. 


Branch. 


13 


47 


20 


24 


91 


103 


14 


8 


60 


79 


667 


606 


10 


4 


12 


29 


6 


10 


17 


25 


56 


29 


19 


25 


17 


64 


6 


20 


15 


49 


73 


95 


<> 


62 


75 


45 


4 


9 


10 


13 


5 


4 


103 


24 


10 


19 


17 


9 


17 


29 


234 


294 


12 


46 


12 


23 


67 


49 


13 


16 


218 


253 


24 


8 


19 


13 


25 


61 


56 


185 


26 


44 


31 


40 


17 


15 


170 


170 


1,552 


1,419 


3,815 


4,067 



66 
66 

256 
45 

196 
1,886 
21 
59 
25 
57 
99 
64 
92 
31 
74 

235 
87 

162 
16 
27 
19 

305 
68 
42 
63 

926 
69 
44 

185 
56 

667 
56 
94 

138 

337 
92 

159 
50 

437 
3,826 



11,097 



EVENING READING ROOMS. 

These Reading Rooms, open from 6 to 9-30 p.m., are four in number, 
and are located in various school-rooms. Their establishment was the out- 
come of a desire on the part of the Committee to giye to the working classes 
facilities for reading within easy distance from their homes. Books are 
not supplied ; but, instead, the principal London and local papers and a 
large selection of useful and entertaining magazines and periodicals are 



15 

provided. The rooms are fairly successful, but the school furniture and 

the difficulty of storing chairs and tables for reading purposes prevent 
anything like a complete success. 

The attendances are as follows : — 

1891. 1890. 

Atten- Averapte Atten- Average 

dance. per night. dance. per night. 

Chatsworth Street Board School 29,770 97 30,866 101 

Queen's Road Board School 18,854 62 21,282 70 

Stanley Rojul Board School 32,970 109 30,800 101 

Wellington Eoad School 20,275 87 25,643 84 

Totals 107,869 355 108,591 356 



FEEE LECTURES. 

The Free Lectures are among the more important and encouraging 
VFOrk of this Institution. The number of lectures delivered during the 
year have been 54, and the audiences have averaged for each of the 42 
Winter Lectures 722, and for the 12 delivered in the Autumn 367. 

The lectures are intended to encourage useful reading, but especially to 
give to artizaus and labourers the opportunity of gaining information in 
science, history, geography, &c., which want of time or deficiencies of 
early education prevents them acquiring in a more sure and solid, but 
less attractive way. The total number of persons who attended the 
lectures was 34,726. Tbe lectures were as follows : — 

Winter Sekies. 

Bark, John, j.p., m.r.c.s. " Down the Thames ; " illustrated by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Beer, Adolph W. "Modern Rural Rides;" illustrated by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Beer, John T., f.r.a.s. " The motions of the Moon, with some of their 

terrestrial results ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
BmcHALL, James. *' The Rhine, the great commercial waterway of 

mediaeval Europe ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
BiRCHALL, James. " The Saracens in Europe, and the Power that 

repelled their Advance ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
BuLKELEY, Owen T, " Jamaica ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 

Light. 



IG 

Clegg, Chaeles E. ''Longfellow." 

Clibborn, Frederic. " Normandy ; " iUiistrated by the Oxyhydrogen 

Light. 
COGAN, J. D., Royal Institution, Bath. " The Marvellous in Nature ; "' 

illustrated by Experiments. 

CuRZON, Frank. " The Influence of the Character on the Countenance."" 

Da VIES, Edward, f.c.s., f.i.c. " The Chemistry of Sugar and Cotton ; " 
illustrated by Experiments. 

Davies, Robert Ch., f.s.sc. (Lond.) "The Science of Gesticulation." 

DiBDiN, Edward R. " David Garrick." 

DuNCANSox, Thomas, Junr., a.m.inst.c.e. " The Vyrnwy Valley : 

as it was and is ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Dyall, Charles, Curator, Walker Art Gallery. " Characteristics of 

Modern Art ; "' illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Edwards, Frederick W. " English Trade-Guilds and their Influence 

on English Industry ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Fortay, J. Butler, Organist, Emmanuel Church, Liverpool. " Life 

and Works of Handel ; " with Vocal and Instrumental Illustrations. 
Gasking, Rev. Samuel., b.a., f.l.s., f.g.s., &c. " Sea Cucumbers ; " 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Gibson, R. J. Harvey, m.a., f.l.s., Lecturer on Botany, University 

College, Liverpool. '' Life-history of some Common Seaweeds ; '" 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Golding, W. H. " Engineering Triumphs ; " illustrated by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Green, Robert F. " Some Famous Churches and the stories connected 

with them ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Harris, Charles, m.a. '' The Story of a Daisy, or Plants and their 

Ancestors ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Herdman, W, a., d.sc, f.l.s., &c.. Professor of Natural History, 

University College, Liverpool. " The Importance of Form and 

Colour to Marine Animals;" illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Hicks, J. Sibley, m.d., f.r.c.s. " The Habits of some Insects ; " 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Jeffs, Osmund W. •' The Geology of the Mersey Basin ; " illustrated 

by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 



17 

Leslie, Frank J., F.R.G.s. "Lancashire Life in the 17th Century;" 

illustrated by the OxyhyJrogen Liojht. 
MacCunn, John, m.a., Professor of Philosophy, University College, 

Liverpool. " The Rule of tlie Majority." 
McMillan, R. " Canary and the Canarios ; " illustrated by the 

Oxybydrooen Light. 
Moore, G. Frederic. " Some Monkeys : their habits and peculiarities; " 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light, and Specimens. 
Moore, J. Murray, m.d., f.r.g.s. "The New Zealand of to-day;" 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Narramore, William, f.l.s. "Curious Feet, Wonderful Jaws, and 

Fantastic Heads : a Study among the Rotifera ; " illustrated by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Potts, John, f.g.s. '* Florence : its art and its teaching ; " illustrated 

by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Raleigh, Walter, m.a., Professor of Modern Literature, University 

College, Liverpool. "Thoreau: the story of an unsocial experiment." 
RiDDETTE, Rev. J. H. " The Transvaal : its people, its resources, its 

goldfields ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Shaw, H. S. Helb, m. inst. c.e., Professor of Engineering, University 

College, Liverpool. " The Use of Lines to Represent Facts ; " 

illustrated by the Oxydrogen Light. 
Snapb, Thomas. " Stanley and Africa ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 

Light. 
Stroxg, H. a., m.a., ll.d., Professor of Latin, University College, 

Liverpool. '• Pictures of Indian Life ; " illustrated by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Stubbs, Captain Edward, r.n. " Naval Engagements with Ironclad 
Ships;" illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Thompson, George E. "Up the Mediterranean;" illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Veitch, James, m.a. "Continental Scenes and Cities;" illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Watts, Herbert, m.a. " Paradise Lost." 

Williams, Rev. 8. Fletcher. "Sir Thomas More's 'Utopia' and 
Modern Socialism," 



IS 

Autumn Series. 

Three Lectures on " Botany for Beginners," by the Rev. John Gerard, 

S.J. ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Three Lectures on " Art a necessity of Civilized National Life," by 

Philip H. Rathbone, j.p. ; illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Three Lectures on " English Music," by Walter Burnet; with Vocal 

and Instrumental Illustrations. 
Three Lectures on " Lyric Poetry of the Victorian Age," by R. J. 

Lloyd, m.a., d.lit. 

SUMMARY OF STATISTICS OF LIBRARY DEPARTMENT. 



^.ss," -s!?-- 



Newspaper Lecture 
Visitors. Attendances 



Brown Library : 

Volumes issued 

Monthly ami Weekly Magazines 

Illustrated Papers, issued in volumes, 
{" The Graphic," " Illustrated 

London News," " Punch," &c.) 

Directories 

Specifications of Patents for Inventions 
Visitors to the Newspapers 



183,679 



112,421 
70,648 
15,809 



PiCTON Eeading Room : 

Volumes issued 173,831 

Magazines and Kevi^ws ' 



North, South, 

LiBRARIKS : 

Volumes lent 



AND East Lending 



East Library Reading Room ; 

Volumes issued 

Magazines and Reviews 

Visitors to the Newspapers . . . 



Evening Reading Rooms: 

Newspapers, Magazines, and Reviews 



Lectures : 
Attendance 



Totals , 



424,160 



34,677 



1,015,225 



139,273 



118,497 



.55,364 



107,869 



421,003 



172,.334 



47,079 



34,726 



219,413 84,726 



19 

MUSEUM. 



Visitors to Museum. 

1891. 1890. 

(261 Days) (262 Days) 

Total Visitors in the Year 320,387 340,228 

Weekly Average 6,161 6,542 

Daily Average 1,227 1,298 



MONDAY EVENING OPENING OF THE MUSEUM. 

The Museum was open on 26 evenings, and the total attendances were 
6,635, giving an average attendance of 255 per evening. 

Short Lectures were given each evening on specimens in the Museum, 
and were much appreciated. 

Lecturers and Subjects. 

1891. 

Jan. 5th. — On Ancient Dragons, by Mr. Daniel Clague, f.g.s. 

Jan. 12th. — On Egyptian Flutes, by Mr. W, I. Argent. 

Jan. 19th.— On the Story of a Grain of Sand, by Mr. J. Lomas, 

Assoc. N.S.S. 
Jan. 26th. — On Ancient Arms and Implements of War, by Mr. T. Tarleton. 
Feb. 2nd.— On Chalk Makers, by Mr. W. H. Read. 
Feb. 9th. — On Messmates : Animals that live together for Mutual 

Benefit, by Mr. J. Hornell. 
Feb. 16th. — On Samian Ware, by Mr. John T. Beer, f.s.a.s. 
Feb. 23rd.— On Bells, by Mr. W. I. Argent. 
Mar. 2nd. — On Spinning Wheels, by Miss E. M. Wood. 
Mar. 9th. — On New Guinea, by Mr. P. Entwistle. 
Mar. 16th.— On Fossils, by Mr. W. Hewitt, B. Sc. 
Mar. 23rd.— On Birds, by Mr. Richard Paden. 
Mar. 30th. — On the Museum, by the Rev. Henry H. Higgins, m.a. 
Oct. 5th. — On the History of the Living Collections at Knowsley, by 

Mr. T. J. Moore. 
Oct. 12th. — On the Dawning of Civilization in Egypt and Babylonia, by 

the Rev. F. F. Grensted, m.a. 
Oct. 19th. — On the Mosses found in the neighbourhood of Liverpool, by 

Mr. F. P. Marrat. 



20 

Oct. 26th.— On Monkeys, by Mr. G. F. Moore. 

Nov. 2nd. — On the Wonders of Wind Instruments, by Mr. W. I. Argent. 

Nov. 9th. — On Some Old Bones, by Mr. D. Clague, f.g.s. 

Nov. 16th. — On Arrows and Arrow Poisons, by Mr. T. H. Wardleworth. 

Nov. 23rd. — On Are Birds Enemies of Man ? by Mr. J. W. Cutmore. 

Nov. 30th. — On the Ancient Pottery of Cyprus, by Mr. John T. Beer, 

F.S.A.S. 

Dec. 7th.— On a Stick of Sealing Wax, by Miss E. M. Wood. 
Dec. 14th. — On Wells and Springs, by Mr. J. Butler Davies. 
Dec. 21st. — On Boulders, by Mr. J. Lomas, Assoc, n.s.s. 
Dec. 28th. — On Platinum and Lead, by Mr. A. Lutschaunig. 

Report on a Loan Collection of Mechanical and Physical Apparatus, 
designed hy the Sub- Committee of the Liverpool Free Public Museum, 
for the Use of Schools and Science Teachers, in accordance tvith the 
Government Grant in Aid of Technical Education. Commenced 
June, 1891. 



The experience gained by the working of a Collection of Circulating 
Museum Cabinets, containing specimens of Natural History, Mineralogy 
and Economic Products, established in 1884, seemed fully to justify the 
extension of the collection, in the direction of a series of appliances 
illustrating the details of Technical instruction. 

A meeting of Head Masters and Mistresses in Training, Voluntary 
and Board Schools was convened on Saturday, January 30th. 

Mr. Hewitt and other Teachers attended. After inspecting the 
apparatus, they assembled in the Board Koom, and notes were made of 
their remarks and suggestions, which were considered to be uniformly 
encouraging. 

A second meeting, consisting of Science Teachers, was well attended, 
and their approbation of the scheme was warmly expressed. 

Mr. Paden has prepared a catalogue of the apparatus and appliances. 

The collection will have to be brought into circulation by instalments. 



21 

Circulating School Cabinets. 

As in former years, these Cabinets have been issued regularly, and 
several applications have been received from Masters of Elementary 
Schools, during the year, asking to be placed on the list of schools 
receiving loans from the Museum. 

It is hoped that before long additional Cabinets of Economic Products 
will be added to the collection. 

Donations. 

Rose leaves cut by the Leaf-cutting Bee, Megachile centuncularis, with 
nests, cocoons, grubs, pollen, &c., taken from a greenhouse ; presented 
by Mr. R. M. Adam. 

A living Terrapin, Emys Holbrookil, from the Mississippi ; presented 
by Mr. J. Bentley. 

A Lamprey, caught at New Brighton ; presented by Mr. Heniy Buckley. 

A Fossil Fish, Hybodus strictus ? from Portland, Oolite, and an 
Ammonite, Harpoceras ; presented by Mr. H. P. Boulnois, City Engineer. 

A collection of Dried Plants and Mosses, principally collected in the 
neighbourhood of Liverpool ; presented by Mr. Walter Boult. 

Two Garnets in Mica schist, from America; presented by Mr. Inspector 
Colliugwood. 

A few small Bones, &c., from Trwyn-y-fuwch Cave, Little Orme's 
Head ; presented by Mr. T. R. Connell. 

A small collection of Bird Skins, 31 Birds' Eggs, and the Skin of a 
Fox, from Fao, India ; presented by Mr. W- D. Camming, per Mr. A. 
Jones. 

A Squid, Ommastrephes, from the West Indies ; presented by Capt. H. 
Daniels. 

A Common Snake, Tropidonotus natrix (living), from Caergwrle ; 
presented by Mr. W. A. Dutton, 

The Model of a Salt Mine at Berchtesgaden, Bavaria ; presented by 
Miss Duarte, per Mr. J. F. Leigh Clare. 

A small collection of Shells, &c., from the Philippines ; presented by 
Mr. A. Earle. 



22 

Black Coral, Antipatharia, from Jeddah, Red Sea ; presented by Mr. 
John Fulton. 

Three living specimens of the Common Snake, Tropidonotus natrix, 
from Wrexham, presented by Mr. J. Griffiths. 

A large Shell, Achatina bicarinata ; presented by the Rev. Henry H. 
Higgins, M.A. 

A Scorpion and a Spider, from Cape Town, South Africa ; presented 
by Mr. G. J. Hill. 

Roots of a Willow found growing in a water-tank about 50 feet from 
the tree ; presented by Mr. F. W. Holder. 

A specimen of Odostomia, and an enlarged Model of Odostomia ; 
presented by Prof. G. B. Howes. 

Specimen of Crystallized Bismuth ; presented by Messrs. H. & S. 
Johnson. 

Three Fresh- water Shells, Paludina Listeri, ivom Southport; presented 
by Mr. A. Leicester. 

One Horned Lizard, from San Diego ; presented by Mrs. Litherland, 

Two Living Chameleons, from Egypt ; presented by Mr. Thomas 
Lockyer. 

Twenty-one specimens of Marbles, also 170 species of Opercula of 
Land, Freshwater, and Marine Shells; presented by Mr. F. P. Marrat. 

Two Jars containing the Metamorphoses of the Ant Lion, and the 
Colorado Beetle ; received in exchange from Messrs. Moore Bros. 

A Drawing showing section of Strata from the River Dee to Huyton ; 
presented by Mr. G. H. Morton, f.g.s. 

Specimen of Crustacea, from British Columbia ; presented by Dr. C. 
F. Newcombe- 

A living Mastigure Lizard, Uromastrix, from India ; presented by Mr. 
W. Nicholas. 

A collection of British Mosses, collected and bequeathed to this Institu- 
tion by Mr. Thomas Palgrave. This collection is the more valuable on 
account of the able assistance in the discrimination of the species by 
most of the learned Botanists of their day, such as Dr. Hooker, of Kew, 
Dr. Greville, Mr. William Wilson, and many others. Dr. Schimper, of 



23 

Strassburg, the most noted of Europeau Botanists, furnished Mr. Palgrave 
with nearly every rare British species, and with typical foreign specimens. 
This collection of British Mosses is one of the best and most complete in 
England at the present time. 

Casts of Shells from a railway in the Eoyal Park, Melbourne, 120 feet 
above the sea level ; presented by Mr. James Parr. 

A young Gavial, 3 feet long, Gavialis gangeticus ; presented by Mr. 
A. C. Phillips. 

A living Alligator, Alligator Mississipinensis, from New Orleans; 
presented by Capt. Pueyuolds, s.s. Governor. 

A specimen of a new species of Tanager, Spindalls benedicti, Ridgway, 
from Cozumel Island, Yucatan ; presented by Mr. Osbert Salvin, f.z.s. 

Three samples of Tin Ores ; presented by Mr. J. B. Schweitzer. 

Five slabs of Keuper (T.M.R.) Sandstone, showing sun cracks and 
ripple marks, from the excavations for the extension of the Chesire Lines 
Offices, Brunswick Station, between Sefton Street and Northumberland 
Street ; presented by Mr. Wm. Scott, Engineer to the Co., per Messrs. 
Neill & Sons, Contractors, and Mr. T. Mellard Reade, f.g.s. 

A specimen of Fossil Coral, Syringophora on the shell of a Productus 
in black marble ; presented by Mr. Edward Segar. 

One Shark, one pair of Shark's Jaws, and five Fish from Barbados ; 
presented by Mrs. Simpson. 

Two specimens of the Tailed Priapulus, Priapulus caudatus, Lam. 
contracted and distended, from Waldringfield on the Deben ; collected 
and presented by Dr. H. C. Sorby, f.r.s. 

Three Nests of Humming Birds ; presented by Mr. Frederick Taylor. 

Seeds of the India-rubber Tree ; presented by Mr. T. J. Taylor. 

A collection of Seeds from British Guiana ; presented by Miss Tinne. 

Two specimens of Graptolites, from the shale beds, Dobb's Linn, 
Moffatdale, Dumfriesshire ; presented by Mr. Robert Turnbull. 

A lesser White-nosed Monkey, Cercopithecus petaurista, from West 
Africa ; presented by Mrs. Webster. 



24 

Two Human Skulls, from an old battlefied near Lamu, E. Coast of 
Africa ; and a Coco-de-Mer, from Praslin Island, Seychelles ; presented 
by Surgeon "Weigbtman, R.N. 

A Sclavonian Grebe, Podiceps auritus ; presented by Mr. T. West. 

Purchases. 

The purchases, during the year, for the Natural History Department, 
have been of a minor character, owing to the limited funds at the 
disposal of the Committee. 

MAYER MUSEUM. 



The loans of specimens from the collection have been very numerous. 
The late Mayor (J. B. Morgan, Esq.) had on several occasions selections 
of Liverpool Pottery, Arms and Armour, and Musical Instruments, for 
display at the Town Hall, on the occasion of his '"At Homes." 

A selection of Nautical Instruments was lent to the Royal Naval 
Exhibition, Chelsea, in May last. 

The majority of the Egyptian Antiquities have been mounted and 
labelled. The valuable Papyri (Mayer A & B) have been mounted 
between glass in such a way that both sides of the Papyri may be seen 
and examined with safety. A translation of the Papyri was made by 
Wilhelm Spiegelberg, of Strassburg, and published by the Committee. 

The reserve cases in the great hall, for displaying the numerous 
Ethnographical objects (which are not exhibited, owing to want of space) 
have been of great service ; groups of objects from West Africa, 
Patagonia, Australia, &c., having beeen displayed in them during the 
year. 

A few of the balustrade cases in the middle gallery have had spring 
roller blinds attached, for the better protection of specimens there 
displayed. 

Donations. 

Plaque, cut out of coral, from the ruins of a Mosque on Lamu Island, 
East Africa ; collected and presented by Surgeon Weightman, R.N. 



25 

Shilling of Queen Elizabeth, Halfpennys of George III. and a Charles 
Farthing, found by the workmen engaged in demolishing the village of 
Llanwddyu, N, Wales ; presented by the Water Committee. 

Mediaeval Tiles, and portions of Tiles, a Jug, Tygs.. and fragments of 
Glass, &c., found during recent excavations at Burscough Priory; pre- 
sented by the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Derby, per Mr. James Bromley. 

Casts of New Zealand Jade "Tikis," and a Carved Head ; presented by 
Mr. W. H. Drew, Wanganui, New Zealand, 

Belt, with three pouches, made of Capybara skin, from Beunos Ayres ; 
presented by Mr. James French. 

Statuette of J. J. Rousseau, in cream-coloured pottery, an impression 
from the old mould at Etruria; presented by Mr. Godfrey Wedgwood. 

Two Japanese Kites ; presented by Mr. A. Earle. 

China Candlestick, modern Wedgwood ; presented by Mr. F. P. 
Marrat. 

Four Copper Coins, Guernsey, 1889 ; presented by Dr. J. B. Nevins. 

Purchased. 

Eight War Medals, Afghanistan, India, Burma, North-West Frontier, 
China, and Egypt. 

Jug, cream-coloured pottery, printed subjects : — Hope, resting on an 
anchor ; Rev. : — Ship, and inscription, " Success to the Mally, Capt. 
RoBT. Jackson." 

Necklace, in silver, Russian Lapland. 

Pair of Agate Candlesticks, modern Wedgwood. 

Repousse Plaque, from Cashmere. 

Two Busts of General Washington and Admiral Lord Duncan, made 
at the Herculaueum Pottery, Liverpool. 

Exchange. 

A collection of Flints and appliances illustrating fully the manu- 
facture of Gun and Tinder Flints, as now carried on at Brandon, Suffolk; 
received in exchange from Mr. Edward Lovett. 



26 
WALKER ART GALLERY 



During the past official year the Walker Art Gallery has been utilized 
to its utmost capacity, and nothing has been lost sight of by the 
Committee that would tend to render the Institution popular and 
instructive. 

The public have not been slow to avail themselves of the facilities 
afforded for Art study, and have most loyally supported the various 
exhibitions that have been held, while the largely increased number of 
visitors to the Permanent Gallery gives evidence of the growing interest 
shown in the collection by the inhabitants ot the City and neighbourhood. 

In the early part of the year a Photographic Exhibition was held in the 
Gallery, under the auspices of the Liverpool Amateur Photographic 
Association, which was very largely attended, and proved very successful 
and profitable to the promoters. 

His Worship the Mayor, J. B. Morgan, Esq., during his year of ofiice 
invited the Members of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers to a 
reception and ball, for which purpose the upper rooms were specially 
arranged and decorated. 

The chief event of the year in the Committee's operations was of 
course the Autumn Exhibition, which was more than usually successful. 
Not only was the general character of the Exhibition of a high order, but 
several works of exceptional interest, kindly lent by their owners, proved 
so attractive that the receipts of the exhibition were thereby considerably 
augmented. 

The year has been notable from the fact that for the first time the Art 
Gallery has been open to the public on Sundays, this having been 
recommended by the Committee and endorsed by the City Council. Up 
to the time of this report the Gallery has been open on 13 Sunday 
afternoons from 2-30 to 5-30, the attendance averaging 1,773 per Sunday. 

In the midst of the activity which characterized the year's operations 
the Committee, at the suggestion of the Right Honorable A. B. Forwood, 
M.P., with a view to calling public attention to technical education, 
decided upon holding a Naval Exhibition in the Gallery in the 
early Spring of 1892. The carrying out of this project, involving a large 



i 



27 

amount of thought and labour, has been successfully accomplished, and 
the Exhibition is so extensive and complete in character that it will long 
be remembered as one of the most important and interesting events m the 
history of the Art Gallery. 

Mr. George Holt having suggested that Mr. W. Holman Hunt's 
celebrated picture, " The Triumph of the Innocents," should be secured 
for the Permanent Collection, and at the same time offering to contribute 
the sum of £500 towards the purchase, the matter was taken up by 
Mr. Harold S. Rathbone, with the result that the work has been acquired 
by the Corporation for the Permanent Collection. Asum of £1,500 towards 

the purchase of the work was voted by the Arts Committee and a further 

sum of i'2,000 was contributed by the public, this amount having been 

collected chiefly through the enthusiasm and perseverance of Mr. Harold 

S. Rathbone. 

The Gallery was open on 294 days and closed for cleaning and other 

purposes on 19 days. 

The total number of visitors was 503,991, being a daily average 

attendance of 1,714. The above total includes 90,594 visitors who paid 

for admission to the Autumn Exhibition, and nearly 13,000 pupils of 

schools of various denominations admitted free. 

The Committee lent the picture by West, P.R.A., entitled " The Death 

of Nelson," to the Royal Naval Exhibition, Chelsea, which was open from 

May 2nd to the end of October. 

Additions to the Permanent Collection by Purchase. 

From the Autumn Exhibition of 1891 : — 

" A Select Committee " (oil), by H. Stacy Marks, R.A. 

" An Idyl " (oil), by Maurice Greiffenhagen. 

" In the Reign of Terror " (oil), by Miss Jessie Macgregor. 

" Ronda Fair " (water colour), by Arthur Melville, a.k.w.s. 

" There is a Rapture on the Lovely Shore " (water colour), by 

George Cockram. 
Bronze Statue, " Peace," by E. Onslow Ford, a.e.a. 
Terra-Cotta Bust of the late Edwin Waugh, by E. E. Geflowski. 



28 

From other sources : — (Oil Paintings). 

" The Triumph of the Innocents," by W. HolmanHunt, R.w.s. 

" A Burgomaster " (Flemish School). 

" Donkey and Foal," by William Huggins. 

Donations to the Permanent Collection. 

Three Autotypes of Elgin Marbles, and Part 11. Beproductions of 
Drawings of the Old Masters, presented by the Trustees of the 
British Museum. 

Oil Painting, entitled " The Founder of English Astronomy," by Eyre 
Crowe, A.R.A., purchased from the Liverpool Autumn Exhibition of 
1891, and presented by Charles W. Jones, Esq. 

Autumn Exhibition of Pictures. 



Number of Pictures and other ^Vorks 
of Art Exhibited 



1891. 



1890. 



1,281 

Number of Pictures sold 159 

Amount realized by sales 

Season Tickets sold 3,413 

Admissions at One Shilling 35,303 

,, Sixpence ' 15,951 

„ Threepence ! 35,927 

Catalogues sold 23,810 

Commission on sales . . 

Miscellaneous Receipts 

Total Beceipts, exclusive of sales . . 



£ 


s. 


d. 


1,307 
188 


7,603 


2 







593 


14 





2,961 


1,765 


3 





27,451 


398 


15 


6 


15,007 


449 


1 


9 


19,298 


589 


1 


6 


19,345 


281 


4 


3 




61 


15 


6 




4,138 


15 


6 





6,943 1 6 

511 12 6 

1,372 11 

375 3 6 

241 4 6 

484 18 

221 16 9 

79 1 4 

3,286 7 7 



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FORTIETH 

ANNUAL REPORT 
OF THE COMMITTEE 

OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 

AND 

W^ALKER ART GALLERY, 

OF THE 

CITY OF LIVERPOOL, 

FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31 ST DECEMBER, 1892. 





LIVERPOOL: 
J. R. WILLIAMS & 00.. PRINTERS, 8, SCHOOL LANB, 

1893. 




I 



FORTIETH 

ANNUAL REPORT 
OF THE COMMITTEE 

Ui'' THJi 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 

■WALKER ART GALLERY, 

UF THE 

CITY OF LIVERPOOL. 

FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31 ST DECEMBER, 1892. 




LIVERPOOL : 
J. K. WILLL^Mb A- CO., PRINTERS, 8, SCHOOL LANE. 

1893. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 

FOR THE YEARS 1892-3. 



ROBERT BURNING HOLT, ESQ., J. P., MAYOR. 
(JEomtnittee. 

ALDERMAN SIR WILLIAM B. FORWOOD, J.P., CHAIRMAN. 

ALDERMAN PHILIP H. RATHBONE, J. P., DEPUTY CHAIRMAN. 

LIEUT. -COL. A. H BROWN, M.P., RICHARD R.MEADE-KING, ESQ., J. P., 

WILLIAM J. BURGESS, ESQ., JEREMIAH MILES, ESQ.. J. P., 

ALDERMAN A. COMMINS, LL.D., ; ALDERMAN T. W. OAKSHOTT, J.P., 



JAMES A. DOUGHAN, ESQ., J.P., 

JOHN L. EILLS, ESQ., 

REV. HENRY H. HIGGINS, M.A., 

JOHN LEA, ESQ., 

M. HYSLOP MAXWELL, Jr., ESQ., 



WILLIAM H. PICTON, ESQ., 
GEORGE B. RODWAY, ESQ., J. P., 
JOHN SCOTT, ESQ., 
AUSTIN TAYLOR, ESQ., 
WILLIAM E. WILLINK, ESQ. 



(Kljief lilirarian : 
PETER COWELL. 

gepntg-IEibrarian : 
THOMAS FORMBY. 

Jlsaistant QDnrator of tl;e ^xtsemn : 
RICHARD PADEN. 

Cnratar of tlje ffiSalker ^rl (BaUtrj ; 
CHARLES DYALL. 

^Bsistant ffinrator : 
ALFRED H. FRAZER. 



GENERAL REPORT. 

It is gratifying to be able to report the continued prosperity of the 
Institutions under the direction of the Library, Museum, and Arts 
Committee. In every direction we notice an increase in the public 
estimation of our work, and a growing eagerness to avail themselves of 
the advantages these Institutions confer. A few figures will at once prove 
this. The Brown Reading Room was last year attended by upwards 
of 900,000, the Picton Reading Room by over 300,000 readers. Over 
one million books were issued by the libraries, and over half a million 
magazines ; while the visitors making use of the newspaper files reached 
329,000. The attendances at the Lectures numbered 38,G11 ; and at the 
Evening Reading Rooms 109,258. At the Museum there have been 
327,448 visitors, or a weekly average of 6,297. The number of visitors 
to the Art Gallery was 619,047. 

From these figures it is estimated that upwards of two million persons 
have made use of our Institutions. There is no doubt that a considerable 
portion of these visits were made for the purpose of entertainment, but 
it is satisfactory to feel that the entertainment afforded in all cases carries 
with it some intellectual or educational benefit. 

The Committee have desired to popularise their work, in the hope that 
by attracting visitors they were taking the best means of inducing an 
increased regular attendance. We are very much the creatures of habit, 
and it has been felt that if we can only attract new comers, a very con- 
siderable proportion will become regular in attendance ; and though 
such attendance may in the first instance be for newspaper reading, a 
certain percentage will be induced to go forward and become serious 
readers and students ; and in this connection it is gratifying to notice the 
large increase in the issue of books on science and art. 

A work of this magnitude cannot be carried on without considerable 
expense. In Liverpool the funds at the disposal of the Library Committee 
are limited to the produce of a rate of one penny in the pound, which 
produced last year only £11,300, as against £13,000 five years ago. If 
it had not been for the grants made by the City Council out of the 
Exchequer Contribution Account, it would have been quite impossible 
to have maintained the institutions in their present state of efficiency. 
Other towns are more favourably placed, and in all the larger cities and 
boroughs a rate of twopence in the pound is devoted to the maintenance 
of the public libraries alone. 



Liverpool was one of the earliest cities to inaugurate free public 
libraries, but we are already left behind in their development. We 
have only one branch library worthy of the name ; those at the North 
and South ends of the City being small and inconvenient, and devoid of 
reading rooms. The time has arrived when new libraries with commodious 
reading rooms must be provided, and the Committee are taking steps to 
find suitable sites with a view to recommending the erection of new branch 
libraries to the City Council. 

During the past j-ear large and convenient accommodation has been 
provided in the basement in the Free Library for Patents and Newspaper 
files : thus giving additional and much-needed book space in the upper 
room. 

The sanitary arrangements of the building have also been entirely re- 
constructed. 

We have to record the death of (he Curator of our Museum, Mr. T. J. 
Moore, after forty years service. He brought to bear upon the discharge 
of his duties the enthusiasm of a born student of nature, combined with 
a profound scientific knowledge of liis profession, which won for him the 
admiration and respect of all naturalists. 

We have been unable, for lack of funds, to add many specimens to our 
already splendid collection of Natural History objects. 

We availed ourselves of an opportunity afforded last Spring to hold a 
Naval Exhibition in the Art Gallery, which was in every way successful. 
Out of the profits the Committee were able to purchase Maclise's great 
picture " The Death of Nelson." 

The Autumn Exhibition of Pictures was, next to the year 1891, the most 
successful ever held. The pictures were above the average in excellence, 
and the exhibits of the Glasgow school attracted much attention. 

During the year the Roscoe Collection of Pictures has been presented 
by the trustees of the Royal Institution on permanent loan. They form 
a unique collection of mediaeval pictures, mostly of the Italian school, 
containing examples of many of the old masters, which will be of great 
interest and educational advantage. This collection forms a very valuable 
addition to the Permanent Gallery, but wdl necessitate the addition of 
further accommodation for its proper display. 

We cannot conclude this resume wiiliont alluding to the great work 
carried out by the Sub-Committee on Technical Education. A system 
of technical training has been introduced into Liverpool ; so wide-reaching 



■I 



as to be available to every class and every trade, and so admirable in its 
organization that there is no apprentice or artizan so poor but can, if 
he has ability and industry, work his way to the highest branches of his 
trade or profession. 

The Nautical School has been opened in the buildings belonging to the 
old Koyal Institution. It has started under favourable auspices, equipped 
efficiently in every department, and with an excellent teaching staflf ; 
already over one hundred students are entered upon the Register, and 
there is every prospect of its advantages being readily appreciated by our 

seafaring population. WILLIAM B. FORWOOD, 

Chairman. 

REFERENCE LIBRARY. 
The Reference Library, through the medium of the Brown Reading 
Room for popular reading and the Picton Reading Room for reading of 
a more studious character, maintains unimpaired its great hold on 
public favour. There are few sights more calculated to impress the 
imagination than the Brown Reading Room, crowded as it often is with 
more than 500 men standing round the newspapers of the day or seated 
enjoying the contents of volumes of the illustrated periodicals or the 
works of the best writers of English prose fiction. And if we take, in 
conjunction with this, the 150 to 200 students who may often be seen in the 
adjoining Picton Reading Room absorbed in works of a more thoughtful 
kind, the sight is still more impressive, and well calculated to illustrate 
the important work which this Library is engaged in. The Brown 
Reading Room being assigned for the perusal of popular literature, is by 
far the best-attended room. Here are found tlie principal London, 
local, and provincial papers ; magazines of a varied and entertaining 
character : the principal trade, county, and city and town directories to 
which there is unrestricted access ; and for those who desire light 
literature, there is available a selection of the works of the best novelists. 
The statistics of issues and attendances of this part'of the Library are as 
follows : — 

Visitors to the Newspapers (computed on the basis 

of periodical counts) ... ... ... ... 271,333 

Monthly and Weekly Magazine? issued ... ... 248,350 

Illustrated Papers issued in volumes (as the Graphic. 

Illustrated London News, Punch, &c.) ... ... 11 7, IDG 

Directories ... ... ... ... ... ... 82,214: 

Specifications of Patents fur Invention? ... ... 13,4:10 

Volumes of Prose Fiction 187,165 



These figures make a total of 919,668, and though they do not 
represent distinct persons, they are more representative of persons than 
might be imagined seeing that readers confine themselves very largelj' 
to a particular kind of literature. 

The Pictou Reading Eoom is an extension of the Library built by Sir 
William Bro^vn, and was so called by the City Council in honour of the 
late Sir James Allanson Picton, who for nearly 40 years presided over 
the Committee of these institutions, and who devoted so much of his 
time and abilities to promote their success. 

The room is circular in shape, with a diameter of 100 feet. It is 
lighted by day from a central roof-light 24 feet in diameter, and by 
night by electricity from an ornamental column rising from the centre of 
the floor of the room. The three arc lamps, with their screen of opal 
glass, form one of the most eflFective and successful installations in the 
country. The room is set apart for study and literary research and 
inquiry. Novels and popular magazines are not issued except under 
very special cicumstances. Pens and ink are provided on certain of the 
tables. Special facilities are gi^'en for obtaining dictionaries, encyclo- 
paedias, and other works of constant reference. Atlases are placed in 
various parts of the room, and there are some 200 of the principal 
scientific and literaiy review-s and journals, both English and Foreign, 
to which the readers have access at pleasure. Every desire is made to 
render the room as attractive for literary work as possible, and to 
dispense with as much '' red tape " as is compatible with the safety of 
the books and general advantage of readers. The following comparative 
table shows that 201,70.5 volumes have been issued during the past year 
against 173,831 last, making an increase of 27,874 volumes. This is 
quite apart from the issues in the Brown Reading Room. 

In the previous Report attention was called to the vote of money by 
the City Council, under the Customs and Excise Act, for the purpose of 
increasing the luunber of technical books in both the Reference and 
Lending Libraries. The addition to the libraries, from this source, of 
many valuable and useful books of a practical and technical kind is 
evidently being appreciated, for the class which has been most affected 
by the general increase of the issues is that of arts and sciences. 
Compared with last year, the issue of scientific books has increased by 
10,592 volumes. To aid the student and general reader, a small Hand- 
list of important books of reference, with notes giving the scope and 



general character of the books enumerated therein, has been published 
and copies placed in the room for general use. It is expected that it will 
prove a useful auxiliary to the catalogue. The hope held out in the last 
Report of finding in the basement of the Library satisfactory accommo- 
dation for the specifications of patents and files of newspapers, as well as 
for those who so frequently wish to consult them, has been fully realised, 
and apartments are now provided that have given rise to expressions of 
general pleasure and satisfaction. 

SUMMARY OF STATISTICS OF LIBRARY DEPARTMENT. 



Volumes ^^,«^'"^>.' '^''- ; Newspaper Lecture 
iKRiied Magazines ■ visitors. Attendances 
iBsaea. issued. 



Brown Library : | 

Volumes issued 187,165 

Monthly and Weekly Magazines 

Illustrated Papers, issued in volumes, 
{" The Graphic," " Illustrated 

London News," " Puuch," &c.) I 117,196 

Directories 82,214 

Specifications of Patents for Inventions 13,410 

Visitors to the Newspapers i 



PiCTON Reading Room : 

Volumes issued 

Magazines and Reviews 



North, South, and East Lending 

LiBRARIKS : 
Volumes lent 



East Library Reading Room : 

Volumes issued 

Magazines and Reviews 

Visitors to the Newspapers . . . 



201,705 



463,256 



EvBNiNO Reading Rooms: 
Newspapers, Magazines, and Reviews 



Lectures : 
Attendance 



35,170 



248,350 



•• 


271,333 


118,030 


1 


68,705 


.58,461 



109,258 



Totals 1,100,116 .544,343 , 329,794 



.38,611 



38,611 



Note.— The figures in columns 2 and 3 are computed on the basis of periodical counts 
of readers, but they are rather under-estimated than over-estimated. 



Comparative Statement of issues in 

Classification. 
Theology, Morals, &c. ... 
Natural Philosophy, &c. 

Natural History 

Science and the Arts 
History and Biography ... 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 
Miscellaneous Literature 
Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce, Political Economy, &c. 
Education and Language 
Poetry and Dramatic Literature 
Latin and Greek Classics 
Encyclopaedias, &c. 

Totals 



the Picton 


Reading Room : — 


1892. 


1891. 


Inirease 
18£2. 


19,706 


15,694 


4,012 


16,753 


14,330 


2,423 


7,997 


6,184 


1,813 


30,392 


24,036 


6,356 


18,797 


15,917 


2,880 


7,637 


6,059 


1,578 


9,349 


8,412 


937 


36,657 


34,475 


2,182 


5,318 


4,559 


759 


5,179 


4,014 


1,165 


7,947 


6,697 


1,250 


10,485 


9,728 


757 


4,4G9 


4,053 


416 


21,019 


19,673 


1,346 



201,705 



173,831 



27,874 



Table. — Showing- the numl)er and classification of works 


contained 


in the Library : — 




Classiticatioii. 


Volumei. 


Theology, Morals, &c 


7,376 


Natural Philosophy, &c. ... ... ... ... 


2,519 


Natural History ... 


5,526 


Science and the Arts ... ... ... ... ... ... . . 


12,237 


History and Biography 


12,770 


Topography and Antiquities ... 


5,468 


Voyages and Travels 


5,315 


Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works, Essays, 




Reviews, Societies' Proceedings, &c., in volumes) 


■24,519 


Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 


8,163 


Commerce, Political Economy, &c. 


1,682 


Education and Language 


1.G29 


Poetry and Dramatic Literature 


4,114 


Prose Fiction 


5,481 


Latin and Greek Classics and Translations ... 


982 


"Encyclopaedias and "Works of General Eefereuce 


3,481 



Total 



101,262 



9 



The following Periodicals, Newspapers, 
regularly by the respective Publishers : — 



tic, have been presented 



Agents' Journal 

Anglo-American Titnea 

Animals' Guardian 

Arms and Explosives 

Assure 

Athletic and Dramatic News 

Australian Standard 

Awake 

Biltle Advocate 

Blackpool Times 

Brewers' Guardian 

British Columbia Commonwealth 

British Journal of Commerce 

British Temperance Advocate 

British Woman's Temperance Journal 

Builders' Reporter 

Building World 

Cambridge Examiner 

Canadian Patent Office Record 

Cape Argus 

Chambers' Journal of Commerce 

Charity Record 

Children's World 

Child's Guardian 

Church Missionary Gleaner 

Church Missionary Intelligencer 

Church Monthly 

Church Musician 

Civil Service Aspirant 

Civil Service Competitor 

Colonies and India 

Commercial and Transport World 

Concord 

Day of Days 

Discovery 

Eastbourne Standard 

Educational Times 

Electrical Review 

Electrician 

Electricity 

Emigrant 

Engineering Review 

Englishwoman's Review 

Enquire Within 

Financial Reformer 

Fire and Water 

Fireside 

Foresters' Miscellany 

Free Life 

Free Russia 

Fruit Trade Journal 

Good Health 

Greater Britain 

Grocers' Review 

Gwalia 

Hand and Heart 



f Liberal Unionist 

Library 

Light 

Light Line Magazine 

Lightening 

Literary News 

Liverpool Catholic Times 

Liverpool Courier (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Echo 

Liverpool Express 

Liverpool Journal of Commerce 

Liverpool Mercury (daily and weekly) 

Liverpool Porcupine 

Liverpool Post (ilaily and weekly) 

Liverfjool Programme 

Liverpool Review 

Liverpool Sentinel 

Liverpool 5r.M.C.A. Journal 

Llandudno Advertiser 

Machinery 

Machinery Market 

Manufacturers' and Engineering 
Export Journal 

Manufacturer and Builder 

Medium 

Merchant Taylor's Review 

Midland News 

Miller 

Milling 

Modern Review 

Mona's Herald 

Money and Trade 

Morning 

Musical Herald 

National Society of Professional 
Musicians : Monthly Journal 

Natural Food 

Nature Notes 
I New Church Magazine 

News 

Nonconformist Musical Journal 

Northampton Mercury 

Oddfellows' Magazine 

Official Journal of the Patent Office 

Oxford Chronicle 

Paper Maker 

Personal Rights Journal 

Pitman's Musical Monthly 

Portland Cement Journal 

Post 

Practical Photographer 

Present Truth 

Preston Herald 

Printers' Register 

Protestant Observer 

Provincial News 



10 



Hereford Times 
Heretic 
Homeland 
Home Words 
Homceopatliic World 
Imperial Federation 
In His Name 
Insurance Agent 
Insurance and Banking Review 
Invention 
Inventor's Review 
Irish Times 

Iron and Coal Trades Review 
Iron and Steel Trades Journal 
Isle-of-Man Examiner 
Jewish World 

Journal of the Clerk of Works' Asso- 
ciation 
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 
Journal of Speculative Philosophy 
Keyboard 
Ladies' Review 



Queensland Patent Office Gazette 

Railway Review 

Ramsey Courier 

Richmond and Twickenham Times 

Sala's Journal 

Script Phonographic Journal 

Shipping World 

Stationery World 

Stonyhurst Magazine 

Sunday Closing Reporter 

Trade Marks Journal 

Two Worlds 

University Correspondent 

Vaccination Inquirer 

Visitor's Directory 

Vegetarian Messenger 

Warrington Observer 

Warwickshire Herald 

Western Daily Press 

Worcestershire Herald 

Zoophilist 



DoNA-nONS. 

British Museum Trustees : — 

Catalogue of Birds, vols. 16, 17 and 20; Catalogue of Persian MSS.. 
by Charles Rieu, vols. 2 and 3 ; Catalogue of Printed Books, 25 
vols. ; Catalogue of the Cuneiform Tablets in the Kouyunjik 
Collection, by C. Bezold, vol. 2 ; Subject Index of Modern 
Works, 1885-1890, compiled by G. K. Fortesque. 

Joseph Gibbons Livingston, Esq., j.p. : — 

An authentic account of an Embassy from the King of Great 

Britain to the Emperor of China, taken chiefly from the 

papers of His Excellency the Earl of Macartney, by Sir George 

Staunton, 2 vols. 1797. 
Description geographique, historique, chronologique, politique, et 

physique de I'empire de la Chine et de la Tartaric Chinoise, par 

J. B. du Halde, 4 vols. 1736. 

J. Allanson Picton, Esq., m.p. (The Author) : — 
Sir James A. Picton : a biography, by his sou. 

Miss Picton : — 

The Life of vSir James A. Picton, v.a.x., by J. Allanson Picton, m.p., 
Volumes 1, 2 and 3 of the edition for use of the blind, worked 
bv Miss Pictou. 



II 

Alderman Edward Samuelson, j.p. : — 

AntiqufB lingua? Britannicae nunc vulgo dictse Cambro-Britannicse a 
suis Cymroecse vel Cambricre ab aliis Wallic^e et linguae Latinas 
dictionarium duplex. John Davies, d.d., et Thomas Williams, 
with MS. additions, 1632. 

Y Delyn, y Crwth, a'r Pibgorn : being an address on the cultivation 
of music — chiefly instrumental — in the PrincipaUty of Wales, by 
Edward Samuelson. 4 copies. 

Other Books and Pamphlets, Reports, &c., have been received from the 
following donors, for which the Committee again beg to express their 
grateful acknowledgments : — 

Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, U.S.A. ; A. R. Allison, m.a. ; Messrs. 
Andrews and Co. ; Apprentices' Library, New York, U.S.A. ; Ernest Axon ; 
James Bain (Librarian, Public Library, Toronto, Canada); C. C. Knollys, m.a. 
(Colonial Secretary for Barbados) ; Francis F. Barrett (Librarian, Mitchell 
Library, Glasgow) ; Barrow-in-Fui'ness Free Public Library ; F. Bashforth, b.a. ; 
Messrs. Bell and Sons; Berlin Municipal Corporation; Bermondsey Public 
Library ; Mrs. T. Billing ; Birkenhead Free Public Libraries ; Blackburn and 
District Chamber of Commerce ; C. K. Bolton; Alfred Booth, j.p. ; Bootle Free 
Public Library ; Boston Public Libi-ary ; Messrs. Boyle and Co. ; Bridgeport 
Public Library, U.S.A. ; Bristol Free Public Libraries ; British and Foreign Bible 
Society ; British Association for the Advancement of Science ; Brooklyn Library, 
New York, U.S.A. ; J. Campbell Brown, d.sc. ; T. B. BroAvue; T. N. Brushfield, 
M.D. ; National Library, Buenos Ayres; Bureau of Statistics, Indianapolis, 
Indiana, U.S.A.; F. J. Burgoyne (Librarian, Public Libraries, Lambeth); 
German Burmeister, ji.d., &c. (Director, National Museum, Buenos Ayres); 
Messrs. Cadbury Bros, (per William Talliss); Cambridge University; Messrs. 
Cassell and Co.; Alfred Castellain, J.r. ; Cercle de la librairie, Paris; Henri 
Cernuschi ; Messrs. Chapman and Hall; Chicago Board of Trade, U.S.A. ; T. W. 
Christie, B.A. ; Church Missionary Society; Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce, 
U.S.A.; Cincinnati Museum Association, U.S.A.; Cincinnati Public Library, 
U.S.A. ; Cobden Club; Jonathan A. Cole, M.D. ; Cooper Union for the Advance- 
ment of Science and Art, New York, U.S.A. ; Coi-nell University, Ithaca, New 
York, U.S.A. ; Messrs. Crosby Lockwood and Son ; Messrs. Curtis and Harvey; 
Dublin University ; Durham University ; C. A. Ehrenfechter ; Emigrants' Infor- 
mation Office, London; J. English; English Land Restoration League; General 
Fairchild ; Mrs. P. F. Fitzgerald ; Francis Fisk ; Alfred C. Fryer ; General 
Register and Record Office of Sliipping and Seamen, London ; General Society of 
Mechanics and Tradesmen, New York, U.S.A.; Geological and Natural History 
Survey of Canada ; tilasgow and West of Scotland Technical College ; Glasgow 
Athenaeum; Sir Frederick J. Goldsmid, C.B., ik<<;.s.i. ; W. H. Griffiths; W. N. 



12 

Greenwood, f.r.m.s. ; Harvard University College, Canib., Mass., U.S.A; 
Harvard University Library, Camb., Mass., U.S.A.; Hertford Free Library; 
Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire ; Imperial Institute ; the Secretary 
of State in Council for India ; ] nstitution of Civil Engineers ; Institution of Mechani- 
cal Engineers ; International Congregational Council, London ; Alexander Ireland ; 
Mrs. Jackson ; Osmund W. Jetfs ; Jepson Mercantile Directory Co. ; Hugh R. 
Jones, M.A. ; Messrs. Jowett & Co.; Kavasji Edalji Kanga; Kirkdale Voluntary 
Industrial Day (Ragged) School ; Rev. W. S. Lach-Szyrma, M.A. ; Samuel Laing; 
Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society ; Messrs. C. and E. Layton ; 
J. Lee ; Leeds Philosox^hical and Literary Society ; Leicester Literary and Philo- 
sophical Society ; Gertrude Leighton ; Library Reports from various Libraries ; Liver- 
pool Institutions, Societies, &c. : —Amateur Photographic Association; Architectural 
Society ; Auxiliary Aimy Scripture Readers' and Soldiers' Friend Society ; Blue 
Coat Hospital ; Catholic Publishing Depot ; Catliolic Reformatory Association ; 
Central Relief and Charity Organization Society; Certified Industrial Schools; 
Cliemist's Association; Church of England Scripture Readers' Society; Church 
Missionary Society ; Clerks' Association ; Council of Education ; Dental Hospital ' 
Dispensaries; Diocesan Church of England Temperance Society; Diocesan Insti- 
tution ; Diocesan Sunday School Institute ; Deaf and Dumb School ; Engineering 
Society ; Female Orphan Asylum ; Geological Association ; Geological Society ; 
Horticultural Association ; Hospital Saturday and Sunday Fund ; Incorporated 
Law Society ; Infant Orphan Asylum ; Infirmary for Children ; Liver-pool 
College Library ; Liverpool Irrstitute Literary and Philosophical Society ; 
Medical Institute; Mercantile Marirre Service Association; Mersey Docks and 
Harbour Board ; Microscopical Society ; Naturalists' Field Club ; Penrry Savings 
Barrk ; Pliilliarmonic Society ; Philomathic Society ; Polytechnic Societj' ; 
District Providential Society ; Royal Infii-mary ; Royal Iirstitution ; Royal 
Societj' for the Preverrtion of Cruelty to Animals ; Royal Southern Hospital ; 
Sailors' Home ; Savirrgs Barrk ; Scliool Board ; School of Science ; School Ship 
"Corrway"; Science Students' Association ; Seamen's Frierrd's Society ; Seaman's 
Orpharrage Institutiorr ; iSelf-help Errrigration Society ; Shipwreck and Humane 
Society ; Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children ; Society of Friends of 
Foreigrrers in Distress ; Sunday Society ; Temporary Home for Lost and Starving 
Dogs ; TownMissiorr ; Training School of Cookery ; Training Ship "Indefatigable" ; 
United Gas Light Company ; Urrited Trades and Labour Council ; University 
College; Welsh National Society; Workshops for the Out-door Blbrd; Young 
Men's Christian Association ; Young Women's Christiarr Association — Mrs. M. C. 
Londirri ; London and Larrcashire Fire Irrsurarrce Conrpany ; Frederick W. 
Lowndes, m.r.c.s. ; J. H. McGoverrr ; Harriot Mackenzie; A. J. McMillan 
(Manager for the Goverrrment of Marritoba, Liverpool) ; Manchester Athenwurrr ; 
Manchester Free Public Libraries ; Manchester Geological Associatiorr ; Mair- 
chester Microscopical Society ; Marrchester- Statistical Society ; Marine Board, 
London; Mercantile Library, New York, U.S.A.; Mercantile Library, Phila- 
delphia, U.S.A. ; Mercantile Library, St. Louis, U.S.A. ; Mersey Mission to 
Seamen; Meteorological Office, London ; John Miller; University of Mirrnesota, 
U.S.A., (Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota) ; David H. Mont- 



13 

gomerj' ; John Murray ; National Academy of Science, Washington, U.S.A. ; 
National Footpath Preservation Society ; National Lifeboat Institution ; National 
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children ; Agent General for New South 
Wales, London (Sir Saul Samuel, k.c.m.o., j.p.); New Zealand and Australian 
Land Company; The Manager, "News" Office, London; Messrs. Newton 
and Eskell; Representatives of the late J. E. Nightingale, r.s.A. ; 
Norwegian North Atlantic Expedition ; Nottingham Free Public Libraries ; 
Henry Owen, b.c.l., f.s.a. ; University of Oxford ; Messrs. Parker and Company ; 
Comptroller of Patents, London ; Peabody Institute, Baltimore, U.S.A. ; Messrs. 
Phillipson and Colder ; Plymouth Free Public Library ; William F. Poole, ll.d., 
(Librarian, Newberry Library, Chicago, U.S.A.) ; John Price, C.E. ; The Lessee, 
Prince of Wales Theatre, Liverpool ; Queen's College, London ; T. Blakeney, 
(Registrar of Patents. Queensland); W. H. Quilliam; J. Henry Quinn (Librarian, 
Public Libraries, Chelsea) ; Colin Rae-Brown ; James H. Rawlins ; T. Mellard 
Reade, c.e. ; Henry H. Remfry, m.s.c.l.; Admiral Sir G. H. Richards, k.c.b., &c. ; 
Richmond Free Public Library ; Executors of the late Mrs. H. Ridyard ; 
Rotunda Theatre Company, Liverpool ; Brandon Roy ; Royal Astronomical 
Society ; Royal College of Physicians of England ; Royal College of Surgeons of 
England ; Royal Colonial Institute ; Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society ; Royal 
Commission for the Chicago Exhibition, London ; Royal Dublin Society ; Royal 
Institute of British Architects ; Royal Library, Copenhagen ; Royal Society of 
Canada ; Royal Society of Loudon ; Royal University of Ireland ; St. Mary's 
Hospital Medical School, London ; Salem Public Library, Mass., U.S.A. ; Salford 
Royal Museum and Library ; William A. Sandy ; George F. Savage-Armstrong, 
M.A., D.L.T. ; James N. Schoolbred ; Seismological Society of Japan ; Henry Sell ; 
The Proprietor, Shakespeare Theatre, Liverpool ; William Sharpe, m.d. ; Thomas 
H. Sherman (United States Consul, Liverpool); E. Shorthouse ; Rev. W. 
Sidgreaves, S.J., &c. ; Lawrence Small ; Rev. Walter E. Smith, b.a. ; Smithsonian 
Institution, Washington, U.S.A. ; Society for the Prevention of Animals from 
Vivisection ; Society of Accountants and Auditors, London ; Society of Antiquaries, 
London ; Society of Antiquaries of Scotland ; Thorvald Solberg ; Southport 
Society of Natural Sciences ; Stonyhurst College ; Messrs. Stubbs and Company ; 
The Sunset Club, Chicago, U.S.A. ; Sydney University, N.S.W. ; I. Tanaka 
(Librarian, Tokyo Library, Japan) ; Agent-General for Tasmania, London (Sir E. 
Braddon) ; J. Stopford Taylor (Medical Officer of Health, Liverpool) ; C. J. S. 
Thompson ; W. P. Thompson, c.E. ; Trinity University, Toronto, Canada (per 
E. K. Kendall, d.c.l.); Toronto Public Library, Canada; Toronto University 
College, Canada ; W. E. Turner ; United States Government ; University College 
of North Wales ; University College of Wales, Aberystwith ; University Corres- 
pondence College, London ; Agent-General for Victoria, London (Sir Graham Berry, 
K.C.M.G.); Registrar of Patents, Victoria ; Victoria Public Library ; Royal Society 
of Victoria ; Victoria University, Manchester ; Messrs. Virtue and Company ; 
Rev. Charles Voysey, b.a. ; Joint Education Committees of Wales and 
Monmouthshire ; Mrs. Ward ; Charles H. Waterhouse, b.a., m.d. ; Agent-General 
for Western Australia (Sir Malcolm Eraser) ; Henry Wilde, f.r.s. ; George Wood ; 
York Subscription Library ; D. Younger ; Zoological Society of London, 



14 
LENDING LIBRARIES. 

It is not easy to measure the amount of valuable and useful work done 
through the medium of the Lending Branches. The books taken away 
for reading at home are enjoyed in many cases not by one person but 
several, so that probably the issues may be entirely duplicated in order 
to indicate the amount of reading done. The total volumes issued 
during the year number 463,256, being an increase of nearly 40,000 
over the issues of last year. There have been important increases in all 
classes of books requiring attentive and thoughtful perusal. All the 
Libraries contain a large number of volumes for circulation of excellent 
music, which are drawn upon in a most gratifying way. How many 
persons and homes are made all the happier and brighter by such simple 
and comparatively inexpensive means, it is impossible to say. That 
7,669 volumes of music should have been issued in one year shews that 
the taste for tliis agreeable elevating art is no slight one, and it is felt 
that much has been done by these Libraries since 1859, when the first 
volumes were introduced, to foster and extend it. 

The large additions of books of a technical character have been made 
known to many artizans through the special catalogue which was printed 
and circulated in local workshops. The result is shewn in the important 
demand which has been created for these books. 

Those who are cut otF from the happiness of sight are not overlooked 
in our Libraries, for as early as 1857 books in Moon's type were placed 
in our North and South Branches for the use of the blind, and now an 
admirable collection has been formed in each of these Libraries, not only 
in Moon's type, but Braille, American Point, and Roman : the value of 
which requires no comment. The Committee would be glad that the 
existence of these books in the Libraries should be made more generally 
known. 

The North and South Branch Libraries are deficient in Reading 
Rooms attached to them. The Committee view the want of such rooms 
as crreatly interfering with the usefulness of the Libraries, and they look 
forward to a very early period when these deficiencies will be remedied, 
and that rooms will be provided not only for men, but also for women 
and boys. 



16 



Table I. — General Statistics. 



Volumes issued, &o. 



Volumes issued in Lending Department 134,654 

Volumes issued in Heading Koom 

New Tickets issued | 1,553 

Tickets renewed | 1,630 

Tickets cancelled [ 1,600 

* Readers on the Books ' 8, 183 

Books lost or injured and paid for 

Books lost from Lending Department . 

Books stolen from lieailing Room 

Volumes worn out — withdrawn 

Volumes worn out — replaced 230 

Volumes added 956 

Total volumes in Libraries 24,569 




South 
Branch. 



166,116 

1,782 

2,084 

1,658 

3,866 

22 



71 

375 

965 

24,895 



East 
Branch. 



162,486 
35,170 
1,593 
2.550 
1,517 
4,143 
12 



463,256 
35,170 
4.928 
6,264 
4,775 
11,192 
42 



6 


6 


— 


71 


— 


605 


1,072 


2,993 


0,683 


60,147 



* Readers borrowing tickets are required to be Renewed annually, otherwise they are 
cancelled. This prevents an accumulation of mere nominal readers. 



Table II. 
reading. 



-She-wing the classification of volumes issued for home 



Lending Libraries. 



Classification. 



North 
Branch. 



Theology, Morals, and Metaphysics . . 2,375 

Natural Philosophy, and Mathematics. 1,997 

Natural History 1,055 

Science and the Arts 6,736 

History and Biography 4,445 

Topography and Antiquities 527 

Voyages and Travels 2,748 

Miscellaneous Literature 7,385 

Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics .... 138 

Commerce and Political Economy .... 634 

Education and Language 877 

Poetry and Dramatic Literature 929 

Prose Fiction 104,626 

Latin and Greek Classics 94 

Books for the Blind 1 88 



South 
Branch. 



2,287 

2,308 

1,329 

7,662 

5,386 

660 

3,397 

8,116 

202 

1,171 

889 

933 

131,519 

112 

145 



East 
Branch. 



Totals 134,654 166,116 162,486 463,256 ' 35,170 



1,523 

1,829 
1,661 
8,449 
3,960 

842 
3,238 
7,550 

143 
1,079 

650 

1,304 

130,074 

178 



6,185 
6,134 

4,045 

22,847 

13,797 

2,029 

9,383 

23,051 

483 

2,884 

2,416 

3,166 

366,219 

384 

233 



Beading 

Boom, 

Bast 

Branch. 



253 

478 

370 

2,013 

1,121 

208 

652 

3,i?51 

60 

214 

208 

438 

25,815 



Total Volumes issued in Branch Libraries, 498,426. 



16 



Table III. — Shewing classification of Borrowers : — * 



North 
Branch. 



Architects, Builders, and Surveyors 

Artists, Photogi-aphers, and Draughtsmen 

Bakers, Butchers, and Grocers 

Boilermakers, Platers, and Riveters 

Bookbinders, Printers, and Stationers 

Bookkeepers, Accountants, Clerks, and Agents 

Boot and Shoe Makers 

Brass, Iron, and Steel Founders ' 

Bricklayers, Slaterers, and Masons 

Cabinetmakers, Upholsterers, and French Polishers 

Cai"penters and Joiners 

Chemists an d Dniggists 

Clergymen, Doctors, and Lawyers 

Coach Painters and Builders i 

Cooks, Waiters, and Waitresses 

Customs' Officers, Police Constables, Postmen, &c... 

Dressmakers and Milliners ' 

Engineers, Fitters, and Machinists ; 

Farmers and Gardener.** .' ; 

Firemen | 

Ironmonger."; | 

Labourers 

Licensed Victuallers, Brewers, and Barmen J 

Mariners | 

Merchants and Brokers j 

Messengers. Office Boys, and Apprentices ! 

Musicians ; 

Nurses 

Pamters and Plumbers 

Pattern Makers, Moulders, and Turners 

Students and Scholars 

Shipwrights. Riggers, and Sailmakers 

Smiths 

Tailors and Drapers 

Teachers • 

Telegraphists, Telephonists, and Typewriters 

Warehousemen, Storekeepers, &c ■ 

Watchmakers, Jewellers, and Opticians ' 

Miscellaneous 

No occupation stated (principally females) j 



6 
22 
62 
23 
57 
613 

18 
9 
l.j 
14 
•20 

n 

o 

10 

67 

•23 

42 

S 

4 

10 

178 

39 

16 

17 

398 

11 

9 

69 

27 

96 

24 

62 

52 

96 

/22 

88 

18 

97 

855 



South 
Branch. 



East 
Branch. 



13 
20 
91 
14 
' 60 
667 
10 
12 

6 
17 
56 
19 
17 

6 
15 
73 

75 

4 

10 

5 

103 

10 

17 

17 

284 

12 

12 

67 

13 

218 

24 

19 

25 

66 

26 

31 

17 

170 

1,552 



47 
24 
103 

8 

79 

606 

4 
29 
10 
25 
29 
25 
64 
20 
i 49 
95 
62 
45 

9 

'I 

I 24 

! 19 

I 9 
29 
294 
46 
23 
49 

I 16 

\ 263 

8 

13 

61 

1 185 
44 

I 40 

15 

170 

1,419 



66 

66 

256 

45 

186 

1,886 

21 

59 

25 

57 

, 99 

I 64 

I 92 

I 31 

74 

, 235 

87 

162 

16 

27 

19 

306 

68 

42 

63 

926 

69 

44 

185 

56 

567 

56 

94 

138 

337 

92 

159 

60 

437 

3,826 



Totals '3,215 



3,8K 



' 4,067 



11,097 



* This table appeared in ihe report of last year, hut inasmuch as very little change 
has taken place in the number and personality of the readers, it is again inserted as 
indicating the class of persons who use the lending branches. 

EVENING BEADING ROOMS. 

These Reading Rooms, open from 6 to 9-30 p.m., are four in number, 
and are located in various school-rooms. Their establishment was the 
outcome of a desire on the part of the Committee to give to the working 
classes facilities for reading within easy distance from their homes. 
Books are not supplied ; but, instead, the principal London and local 
papers and a large selection of useful and entertaining magazines 



17 

and periodicals are provided. The rooms are fairly successful, but the 
school furniture and the difficulty of storing chairs and tables for read- 
ing purposes prevent anything like a complete success. 

The attendances are as follows : — 1892. i89i. 

Atten- Averafje Atten- Average 
dance. per night. dance. per night. 

Chatsworth Stieet Board School 28,215 92 29,770 97 

Queen's Road Board School 19.246 62 18,8.14 62 

Stanley Koad Boa.d School 37,050 121 32.970 109 

Wellington Road School.. 24,747 80 26,275 87 

Totals 109,258 355 107,869 355 

FREE LECTURES. 

Free Lectures have now for a period of 28 years formed part— and in 
their results a most important part— of the educational work carried on 
in connection with these institutions. They were originally the happy 
idea of Mr. Alderman Samuelson, who as long as he remained a member 
of the Library Committee gave the lecture work his cordial support. 
The small Lecture Hall of the Brown Library formed a suitable place 
to give them in, so long as they remained in the nature of school or 
college scientific lectures, and were given in long series, illustrated for 
the most part by objects and specimens from the museum. But with the 
growth of the modern popular lecture illustrated by photographic views 
through the medium of a lantern, and on subjects which appealed to the 
le^s studious and did not require note-book and pencil or close attention, 
the attendances have grown from some 200 at each lecture to as many 
as 1,600. The success of these lectures, from the attendance point, is due 
to the Great Hall under the Picton Reading Room which affords 
accommodation for such large numbers. 

The object of the Committee by the lectures is to stimulate the 
reading of useful and instructive books by all who choose to attend them, 
and, especially, to enable artizans and labourers to acquire some knowledge 
of science, history, and geography, through the attractive means of 
pleasant talks, illustrated by means of experiments or the lime light. 
That the Committee's object is fully achieved, the 28,518 persons who 
have attended the 31 lectures during last Winter bears full witness. The 
two largest attendances during this series were 1,578 for a lecture on the 
" Destruction of Pompeii ;" and 1,408 at one entitled " A Tour in 
Morocco." In all cases lectures descriptive of home or foreign travel 
attract the greatest audiences, and strictly scientific lectures the least. 
The average attendance for the whole of the series was 920. 



18 

Winter Series. 

Argent, W. I. " Egypt and her Music ; " with Instrumental 

Illustrations. 
Beer, Adolph W. " A Glimpse at Brittany and the Bretons ; " 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Benson, W. J. P. " Rambles Abroad ; " illustrated by the Oxyhy- 
drogen Light. 
BiRCHALL, James. " The Pamir Steppe and Ru^<sian Advances upon 

the Frontiers of India ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light 

and Maps. 
Browne, Rev. Joseph, s.j. " The Economy of the Hive Bee ; " 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Clibborn, Frederic. " ItaHan Highways and Byways ; " illustrated 

by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

CowELL, Peter, f.r.h.s.. Chief Librarian, Free PubUc Libraries, 
Liverpool. " The Book aod the Artist ; '" illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Da vies, Edward, f.c.s., f.i.c. " Salt : " illustrated by Experiments. 

FoRTAY, J. Butler. "An Evening with Mendelssohn ;'" with Vocal 

and Instrumental Illustrations. 
FoRWOOD, Aldermax Sir W. B., j.p., Chairman, Library, Museum and 

Arts Committee. " Ships, Ancient and Modern ; " illustrated by the 

Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Eraser, J. Scott. "A Cruise among the Canary Isles:" illustrated 

by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 
Gardner, WiLLOUGHBY, F.R.G.s. " Scenes in Burmah ; " illustrated by 

the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Gasking, Rev. Samuel, b.a., f.l.s., f.g.s., &c. " Sea Urchins ;" illus- 
trated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Gibson, R. J. Harvey, m.a., f.l.s., Lecturer on Botany, University 
College, Liverpool. " The Life Histories of some common Vegetable 
Moulds ; " illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light and Models. 

Grensted, Rev. F. F., m.a.. Second Master, Merchant Taylor's School, 
Crosby. " The origin of the Alphabet ; " illustrated by the Oxy- 
hydrogen Light. 



19 

Harqreaves, John. " The Hundred of Wirral. Historical and 

Picturesque, Grave and Gay;" illustrated by the Oxyhydrogeu 

Light. 
Herdmak, W. a., d.sc, F.L.S., &G., Profe^^por of Natural History, 

University College, Liverpool. " The Loch Fyne Herring and its 

Food ;" illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Hewitt, William, b.sc. " Ice and Snow ;" illustrated by the Oxy- 
hydrogen Light. 

Jeffs, Osmund W. " The Conimercial Aspects of Geology :" illustrated 
by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Johnson, R. C, f.r.a.s. "The Stars and the Sun:" illustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Lea, Jobln, C.C. " A Tour in Europe : "" illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen 

Light. 
Leslie, Frank J., f.r.g.s. "An Historic Corner of Lancashire;'' 

illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

MacCunn, John, m.a., Professor of Philosophy, University College, 
Liverpool. " The Practical Wisdom of Robert Burns." 

Meakin, J. E. BuDGETT. " A Tour in Morocco ; " illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Meakin, J. E. Budgett. " Faces in Barbary ; " illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

QuiLLiAM, W. H. " A few weeks in Constantinople ; " iUustrated by 
the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Shaw, H. S. Hele, m. Inst, c.e., Professor of Engineering, University 
College, Liverpool. " The Bicycle ; " illustrated by the Oxy- 
hydrogen Light. 

Stubbs, Captain Edward, r.n. " Our Deep Sea Fisheries ; " illus- 
trated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Thompson, George E. " Waterways of Holland ; " illustrated by the 
Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Williams, Commander A. P., r.n. " The Destruction of Pompeii ; " 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 

Woodward, Arthur Smith, f.g.s., f.l.s. " Fishes of the Deep Sea ; "' 
illustrated by the Oxyhydrogen Light. 



20 



MUSEUM. 




Visitors to Museum. 




1892. 
(265 Days) 
Total Visitors in the Year 327,448 


1891. 
(261 Days) 

320,387 


Weekly Average 6,297 

Daily Average 1,235 


6,161 
1,227 



MONDAY EVENING OPENING OF THE MUSEUM. 

The Museum was open on 25 evenings, and the total attendances were 
7,189, gmng an average attendance of 287 per evening. 

The following Lectures were given on specimens in the Museum, and 
were much appreciated : — 

1892. 
Jan. 4th. — " Cockles and Mussels, and their History," by Mr. W. H. 
Read. 

Jan. 11th. — " The Manners and Customs of the Early Egyptians," by 
Mr. A. H. Frazer. 

Jan. 18th.—" The Phases of Butterfly Life," by Mr. C. H. Hesketh 
Walker. 

Jan. 25th. — " Time Indicators, Ancient and Modern," by Mr. T. Tarleton. 

Feb. 1st. — " Footprints of Extinct Animals found near Liverpool," by 
Mr. H. C. Beasley. 

Feb. 8th.—" The Cat Tribe," by Mr. G. J. Hill. 

Feb. 15th. — " Alkali Metals and Earth Metals," by Mr. A. Lutschaunig. 

Feb. 22nd.— " The Common Lobster," by Mr. J. A. Clubb. 

Feb. 29th. — " Sponges, and how they grow," by Mr. John Chard. 

Mar. 7th.—" Elephants," by Mr. G. F. Moore. 

Mar. 14th.—" Thunderbolts," by Mr. William Hewitt, B.Sc. 

Mar. 21st. — " The Ingenuity of Primitive Races," by Mr. P. Entwistle. 

Mar. 28th.—" The History of Geology in the 19th Century," by Mr. 

F. P. Marrat. 
Oct. 3rd. — " Curious Chapters from the Book of Nature," by Mr. F. P. 

Marrat, 



I 



21 

Oct. 10th.—" Whales," by Mr. G. F. Moore. 

Oct. 17th.— "The Philosophy of Birds' Nests," by Mr. J. W. Cutmore. 
Oct. 24th.—" Half-an-hour mth Curious Insects," by Mr. John Chard. 
Oct. 31st.— ^' Ten Minutes Dabbling in a Stagnant Pool," illustrated by 

rapid sketches with brush and crayon, by Mr. C. H. 

Hesketh Walker. 
Nov. 7th.—" Phoenicians and Etruscans ; or, the Early Civilisers of 

the Mediterranean," by the Rev. F. F. Grensted, m.a. 
Nov. 14th.—" The Ice Age in England," by Mr. J. Butler Davies. 
Nov. 21st.— "Bristol, Chelsea and Derby China," by Mr. John T. 

Beer, f.s.a.s. 
Nov. 28th.—" The Educational Model of a Clock," which can be taken 

in pieces and put together again without the aid of an 

instrument, by Mr. G. Eccles. 
Dec. .5th.—" A Talk about Fishes," by Mr. P. F. J. Corbin. 
Dec. 12th.—" Corals and their Work," by Mr. W. H. Read. 
Dec. 19th.—" How Music is made," by Mr. W. I. Argent 

Circulating School Cabinets. 
Additional Cabinets of Economic Products have been added to the 
collection during the year, and have been much appreciated. 

The Cabinets have been regularly issued to the Elementary Schools. 

Technical Apparatus. 

The Technical Apparatus, provided by means of the Government Grant 
in aid of Technical Education, has been in much demand since the 
Catalogues of the Apparatus were issued to the Masters and Mistresses 
of all the Elementary Schools within the City boundaries. 

The lanterns and slides are much sought after, and teachers have 
written to say how useful they have been, particularly for giving object 
lessons to the juniors. 

One teacher writes as follows : — 

" In giving object lessons so much required by young children, 
" 1 think it invaluable. First of aU you can give the lesson 



22 

" to a great number of children. Here we had 504 present for the 
" ' History of Bread ' and I venture to say that they will not forget 
" the history. During the week I have been round the various 
" classes and questioned them on what they had seen, and really the 
" impression it had made upon them astonished me." 

Donations. 

A Model of a Dry Gas Meter ; presented by Messrs. W. & B. Cowan, 
per Mr. Edward Allen. 

The Head of a Fossil Fish, from the London Clay, Isle of Sheppey ; 
presented by Surgeon-Colonel S. Archer. 

Two specimens (male and female) of West African Lepidoptera, 
Nymjihalis tridates ; presented by Mj-. G. Morel-Deville. 

A collection of Minerals, Rocks, Fossils, &c., presented by Mrs. 
Drakeford. •' This collection consists of a large number of Geological 
Rocks, Minerals, and Fossils. Amongst the Rock specimens are some 
very fine examples of Granite, Sj-enite, Porphyry, Gneiss, Mica Schist, 
and representative minerals illustrating almost every geological formation 
I'rom the Lower Silurian to the Upper Tertiaries. The Fossils are 
principally Chalk and Lias : the Fish bones, scales, teeth, and spines are 
both rare and fine ; the Lias Ammonites are interesting, and many of 
them are new to the collection. A small tray of Minerals has been 
selected, containing Ores of Silver, Copper, Bismuth, Titanium, Zinc, as 
well as some very interesting forms of Iron, one of which is quite 
new to me." — F.P.M. 

A Shark, new to the Collection, from the Bay of Biscay ; jiresented 
by Messrs. Harley and Miller. 

A tine specimen of Albatross, DiomecUa extdans, from the Pacific ; 
presented by Captain W. H. Kidley, s.s. Ionic. 

A Model of a Gas Meter ; presented by Mr. ^V'illiam King, Memb. 
Inst. C.E. 

Two Canaries, Fringilla canaria ; presented by Mr. A. G. McCulloch. 

A specimen of the Bohemian Waxwing Chatterer, Ampelis rjarndus. 
sliot at Simouswood ; presented by the Executors of the late Matthew 
McKerrow, per Mr. J. M. Ferguson. 



A Young Peacock, Pavo cristatus ; presented by Mr. Councillor 
J. B. Morgan. 

A Lizard, in glass case, from Queensland ; presented by Mrs. McLeod 
Powell. 

Three Ants' Nests, from the neighbourhood of Buenos Ayres ; and a 
Half-circular Trap-door Spider's Nest, from the Yosemite Valley, 
California ; presented by Mr. Frederick Taylor. 

Purchases. 

Skull and Horns of a Male Indian Buffalo, Bos bvffelus. 

A stuffed Lion Monkey, Midas rosalia. 

Specimens of the Greater Weever, Trachinus draco, and a black Sea 
Bream, Canthams lineatns, from Jersey ; mounted by the Davidson 
process. 

Nine Corals, viz. : — Merulina ampliata, Hypnophora polygonata, 
Madrepora hystrix, Psammochora obtiisangulata, Alveopora spongiosa, 
Tridacophyllia lactuea, Evphyllia rugosa, Tuhipora rubiola, Trachyphyllia 
amarantum. 

A coloured reproduction of a recent shell, Pleurotomaria Adamsoniana, 
Crossf and Fischer, from Tobago, West Indies. 

A coloured reproduction of a Fossil SheU Pleurotomaria proteus, 
var-Excelsa, Deslongsch. Inferior Oolite (Bajocien) Bayeux, France. 

Four specimens (male and female) of West African Lepidoptera, 
Xymphalis pollux and Diadema. 

Eight specimens of Brazilian Moths and Butterflies. 

Life History of Sphinx euphorbice. 

Nest of an Indian Tree Ant, Ocophylla smaragdina, with specimens of 
male and two females of Tree Ant. 

Two pairs of Chank Shell Bracelets, used on the arm and ankle by 
natives of India, and two small bracelets also worn by the natives. 

Four Slabs of Remains of Megalosaurus Bucklandi, Meyer, from the 
Inferior Oolite, Sherborne, Dorset. Described by Prof. Owen in Quart. 
Jour., Geol. Soc, April, 1883. 

Two specimens of Fossil Fish, Bothriolepis Canadensis, Upper 
Devonian, Canada (Dorsal and Ventral Aspects), from the originals in 
the British Museum. 



24 

Exchanges. 
Received from the British Museum, in exchange for Vole and Skull, 
from Kashmir, three Squirrels, Sciurus caiiicqis, Sciurus atrodorsalis, 
Sciurus palmariim; two Rats, Nesorkia bengalensis, Mus losea, and one 
Shrew, Crocidura murina. 

Specimens of Siren and Skink, in spirit, received from Prof. G. W. 
Howes in exchange for a specimen of Xenopus Tadpole from West 
Africa. 

MAYER MUSEUM. 



A selected group of Nautical Instruments and Liverpool Pottery, 
illustrative of local shipping, was prepared for the Naval Exhibition, held 
in the Walker Art Gallery. 

By permission of the Committee a set of electrotypes of Merovingian 
Coins, found in St. Martin's Churchyard, Canterbury, and now in this 
Museum, were prepared for the Rev. Canon Routledge. 

Dr. Samuel Smiles having undertaken to write a new life of Josiah 
Wedgwood, applied for the loan of the volumes of " Wedgwood's 
Letters," now in this collection, which request was granted. 

Mr. Evan Roberts, of Manchester, has lent for exhibition an 
interestiug series of 580 watches, illustrative of the various forms and 
methods of decoration from an early period to a recent date. 

The reserve cases in the great hall have again been of great service 
for the periodical exhibition of selected groups of objects, which, owing 
to want of room, are not on constant exhibition ; and during the year 
the collection of Chinese Lxlustrial Objects presented by Consul Parker, 
a selection of objects from Morocco, &c., have occupied them. 

Donations. 
Flint Arrow-heads and fragments of Urns from an old Indian burial 
mound, Lake Weir, Marion Co., Florida ; collected and presented by Mr. 
J. Duncan Stoward, 

Stone and Flint Implements from Trout, Cat, and God's Lakes, and 
Bear Rapids, Winnipeg River, Canada ; also fragment of Urns from 
Indian burial mounds ; collected and presented by Mr. G. Mitchell. 



I 



90 

Iron Chest, found in a recess in the walls — 8 feet thick — at 61, 
Bartholomew Close, London, about 1820; presented by WiUiam Mr. 
B. Rippon. 

Piece of Sculpture in limestone, the upper part of a female figure, with 
inscription ; found in a cavern discovered when digging the foundations 
for a building in Palmyra, Syria ; presented by Mr. James L. Bowes. 

Very rare Japanese Pre-historic Clay Figure ; presented by Mr. James 
L. Bowes. 

Two frames containing casts of Antique Gems in the British Museum ; 
presented by the Trustees of the British Museum. 

Two Cloaks, one made of the undressed stalks of the flax, Phormium 
tenax, a girdle belt, necklace and necklet, from New Zealand ; presented 
by Mr. Charles Every. 

Collection of Chinese Industrial objects, purchased in the bazaars of 
Hoihow, the Port of Kiungchow, Hainan Island, and presented by 
Mr. Edward Harper-Parker, Her Majesty's Consul at Kiungchow. 

Very large Vase of Mason's Ironstone China ; presented by Mr. 
Benson Rathbone. 

Drawing of minute flint implements, from Europe ; presented by 
Mr. Charles Seidler. 

Purchases. 

Large Ivory War Horn, and two Grass Mats, from West Africa. 
(Col. G. W. Williams' Collection.) 

Selected specimens of Roman Glass, recently discovered at Nazareth. 

Collection of Ethnographical Objects from Morocco, collected by Mr. 
.1. E. B. Meakin, viz. : — Dinner Table, Snake-Charmers' Tambourine, 
Musical Instruments, Lamp, Inkstand, Candles, Pipe, Antimony Holder, 
Water Bottle, and Distaff and Spindle. 

Collection of Minute Agate, Chalcedony and other Implements, found 
in various caves and rock shelters in the Vindhya Hills, Central Provinces 
of India. 

Marble Bust of William Roscoe. 

Thirteen Objects carved in Catlonite, by Indians of Dakota. 

Berlin Porcelain Vase. 



2fi 
WALKER ART GALLERY. 

The work of the Art Department during the past official year has been 
characterized by great activity, and the resources of the Gallery have 
been taxed to the fullest extent. In addition to the ordinary work of the 
Permanent Collection, and the usual Autumn Exhibition, fully two- 
thirds of the year were taken up by the holding of an Exhibition of Naval 
and Nautical Appliances, which was attended with great success. The 
Exhibition was suggested by the Right Honourable A. B. Forwood, M.P., 
then Financial Secretary to the Admiralty, by whose influence and 
exertion the Committee were able to get together one of the most com- 
plete and interesting Exhibitions illustrative of Naval and Nautical 
Appliances ever seen in Liverpool. The Exhibition was opened on 
February 1st by the First Lord of the Admiralty, The Right Honourable 
George Hamilton, the inauguration being attended by His Worship the 
Mayor of Liverpool, J. De Bels Adam, Esquire, and a large and 
distinguished company. The Exhibition was open five months, and 
during that period it was visited by nearly 150,000 persons. 

The negotiations which have for some time been in progress with the 
Trustees of the Royal Institution, for the transfer of the Roscoe Collection 
of Pictures to the Walker Art Gallery, have been satisfactorily concluded, 
the Corporation having agreed under certain conditions to take charge of 
the works and to find suitable accommodation for them. It has been 
arranged to exhibit the Collection in the Spring Exhibition of Local Art to 
be opened early in March. 

The acquisition of these interesting works will, it is expected, prove of 
great value to students, as for the first time they will have free access to 
them every day and be enabled to study the rise and progress of art from 
the earliest times. 

During the year the Gallery was open to the public on 342 days, and 
closed for cleaning and others purposes on 23 days. 

The total number of visitors was 617,647, being a daily average of 
1805. This total includes 144,459 visitors who paid for admission to 
the Naval Exhibition, and 69,703 to the Autumn Exhibition of Pictures : 
also 11,858 pupils of schools, of various denominations, admitted to the 
Exhibition free. The Gallery is open each Sunday from 2-30 to 5-30 
p.m. The average daily attendance last year being 833. 



«7 

The following Works were lent by the Committee for Special 
Exhibition : — 

To the Guildhall, London (Loan Exhibition) — 

" An Idyll," by Maurice Greiffenhagen. 

" Ariel," by Kobert Fowler, r.i. 

To the International Exhibition at Munich — 

" Pelagia and Philammon," by Arthur Hacker. (This work being 
awarded a Gold Medal — A similar distinction to that previously 
obtained at the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1889.) 

To the City of Birmingham Art Gallery (Loan Exhibition) — 
" Maiwand," by R. Caton Woodville. 
" A Parting," by Mrs. M. Stokes. 

To the Southport Centenary Art Treasures Exhibition — 
" The Ancestor on the Tapestry," by J. Haynes-Williams. 
" Evening of the Battle of Waterloo," by Ernest Crofts, a.r.a. 
"A Stowaway," by Alfred Dixon. 
In February, one of the lower rooms was occupied by a Special 
Exhibition of the large Painting, entitled " The Queen of Sheba's Visit 
to Solomon," by E. J. Poynter, e.a. 

On Wednesday, the 21st September, a Conversazione was given by His 
Worship the Mayor, James De Bels Adam, Esq., to the members of the 
Iron and Steel Institute, visiting Liverpool in connection with their 
Annual Meeting. 

Additions to the Permanent Collection" by Purchase. 

From the Autumn Exhibition of 1892 : — 

"Venus and Anchisis" (oil), by W. B. Richmond, a. R. a. 
" The Alps by Night " (oil), by Wm. Stott, of Oldham. 
"Summer" (oil), by E. A. Hornel. 

"Lingering Light" (water-colour), by A. E. Brockbank, r.b.a. 
"Head of Medusa" (bronze), by John Wilson. 
" Study of a Head" (bronze), by W. Goscombe John. 
From other sources : — 

"The Death of Nelson" (oil), by Daniel Maclise, r.a. (Purchased 

out of the proceeds of the Liverpool Naval Exhibition.) 
A series of Casts of Italian Architecture and Sculpture, as an 

addition to the Cast Museum. 



!8 

Donations. 

Engravings, "Tribute to Lord Nelson," and a portrait of Lord Nelson, 
also Illustrated Book, containing an account of the loss of the "Roj'al 
George"; presented by Mrs. Wise. 

Two Oil Paintings, "A Summer Storm," and a "Rainy Landscape," 
by John Constable, r.a. ; presented by Malcolm Guthrie. Esq., J. P. 

Engraving, "The Death of Nelson," after Daniel Maclise, r.a.; pre- 
sented by the Art Union of London. 

Four Drawings in crayon and sepia — " Athens," " Horses Towing 
Barges on the Danube," " Destruction of Dathan, Korah. and 
Abiram," "Hercules and Alcestes," by George Jones, R.A., 
presented by Mrs. Gertrude Jones. 

" Canterbury Meadows " (oil), by George Shalders, presented by James 

Smith, Esq. 

Part IV. : — " Italian Prints, 16th Century," presented by the Trustees 
of the British Mu^^enm. 



Autumn Exhibition of Pictures. 



1892. 



Number of Pictures and other Works 

of Art Exhibited ! 1,393 

Number of Pictures sold 149 

Amount realized by sales 

Season Tickets sold 3,776 

Admissions at One Shilling .'il.HKS 

,, Sixpence 16,878 

,, Threepence 17,856 

Catalogues sold | -0, 138 

Commission on sales 

Miscellaneous Keceipts 

Total Beceipts, exclusive of sales . . 



1891. 



5,1.3-2 8 

652 'J 

1,559 13 



535 12 

172 7 

43 16 

3,609 2 



d, 

I !,281 

159 

6 

6 i 3,413 

! 35.303 



421 10 I 15,951 
223 4 35,927 



23,810 



7,603 


- 





593 


14 





1,765 


3 





398 


15 


6 


449 


1 


9 


589 


1 


6 


281 


4 


;^ 


61 


15 


ti 


4,138 


15 


6 



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15 JUL 1898 






\ 




^E 



^'\ 



FORTY-FIRST 

ANNUAL REPORT 
OF THE COMMITTEE 



FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



MUSEUM, 



\VALKER ART GALLERY, 



OF THR 



CITY OF LIVERPOOL, 



FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31ST DECEMBER, 1893. 





LIVERPOOL : 
J. II. WILLIAMS * CO., PRINTERS, 8, SCHOOL LANE 

1S94 




11 



I 



FORTY-FIRST 

ANNUAL REPORT 
OF THE COMMITTEE 

OF THE 

FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

MUSEUM, 

AND 

V^ALKER ART GALLERY, 

OF THE 

CITY OF LIVERPOOL, 

FOR THE YEAR ENDING 31 ST DECEMBER, 1893. 





LIVERPOOL : 
J, R. WILLIAMS & CO., PRINTERS, 8, SCHOOL LANE. 

1S94. 



COMMITTEE AND OFFICERS 

FOR THE YEARS 1893-4. 



THE RIGHT HONOURABLE WILLIAM B. BO WRING, J. P., 
LORD MAYOR. 

Committee. 

ALDERMAN SIR \yiLLIAM B. FORWOOD, J.P., CHAIRMAN. 
ALDERMAN PHILIP H. RATHBONE, J.P., DEPUTY CHAIRMAN. 



LIEUT. -COL. A. H. BROWN, M.P., 
WILLIAM J. BURGESS, ESQ., 
ALDERMAN A. COMMINS, LL.D., M.P., 
JOHN L. BILLS, ESQ., 
ROBERT D. HOLT, ESQ., J. P., 
MORRIS P. JONES, ESQ., J. P., 
PATRICK KEARNEY, ESQ., 
JOHN LEA, ESQ., 



M. HYSLOP MAXWELL, Jr., ESQ., 
RICHARD R. MEADE-KING, ESQ., 
JEREMIAH MILES, ESQ., J.P., 
ALDERMAN T. W. OAKSHOTT, J.P. 
WILLIAM H. PICTON, ESQ., 
GERALD H. RENDALL, ESQ., M.A., 
JOHN SCOTT, ESQ., 
AUSTIN TAYLOR, ESQ., M.A., 



WILLIAM E. WILLINK, ESQ., M. A., J.P. 

Otljicf |!ihrnrinit : 
PETER COWELL. 

gcputij-lttljrnrinn : 
THOMAS FORM BY. 

girtctor of Museums: 
HENRY O. FORBES. 

(Kuralor of tljc Scrbii JHuBCum; 
RICHARD PADEN. 

ffimtttor of tlje Mnlla-v ^rt (Dallrrn : 
CHARLES DYALL. 

^Issistant CTuraior : 
ALFRED H. FRAZER. 



i 



GENEEAL REPORT. 



The work of our Libraries has been carried on during the past 
year with uninterrupted success, and the statistics compiled by our 
Librarian demonstrate that while our readers have increased in numbers, 
there has been an improvement in the quality of their reading. This is 
especially noticeable in the increased issue of books on Science, Art and 
Encyclopedias, and can be traced in part to the encoui-agement given to 
our artisans to peruse works on technical subjects. All this is very 
hopeful. So much of the future welfare of this country depends xipon 
the interest taken by our artisans in the improvement of their handi- 
craft, and upon their obtaining a knowledge of those great economic 
priucij^les which regulate the demand and supply of labour and also its 
value. 

Some idea of the work done by the affiliated institutions — Library, 
Museums, and Art Galleries — may be gathered from the fact that 
2,820,766 persons made use of these institutions during the year. 

The Committee feel very strongly that there is urgent necessity for 
strengthening the Reference Library. For some years past the lack of 
funds has prevented the Committee making purchases to the extent that 
is necessary if the Library is to maintain its high reputation ; this lost 
ground cannot be recovered, and this policy m\ist not be continued ; it 
is only by the regular and systematic addition of all works of repute 
that the character of a Library can be maintained. The responsibility 
is a serious one, and we cannot escape from the reflection which a future 
generation may cast upon us, that our Library was irreparably damaged 
by the ignorance or apathy of a decade which professed itself to 
be enlightened, progressive, an<l, above all things, anxious to be 
called literary. 

The great work of these institutions, which represents the estimate 
placed by this great city upon the A'alue of Art, Literature, and 
Natural Science in the education and culture of her people, has to 
be defrayed out of the proceeds of a rate of One Penny in the pound, just 
one-half of what towns of far less importance consider it their tluty to 
(•x])end upon these objects. 



It is most difficult to bring home to the minds of men that the 
education and culture of the people is as essential to their happiness and 
the welfare of the community as drainage and a good water supply is to 
their health : the one brooks with no trifling, for typhoid and epidemics 
quickly assert their peremptory demand for improved sanitation ; the 
other is not less urgent in its claims for consideration, if its direct appeal 
is less dramatic. Strikes, lock-outs, socialism, and social unrest and 
discontent, are in a large measure but the expression of that want of 
confidence and iutelligence (the result of education) which can alone 
enable people to grasp the industrial problems which arise every day. 

It is, therefore, not placing the claims of these institutions on too 
high a level to say that, next to the consideration for the health of the 
people, they make the first demand upon the liberality of the ratepayers. 

Plans have been prepared for a new Library for Everton ; the site 
selected is convenient to a large population ; and there is no doubt that 
it will not only be highly appreciated, but will do excellent work. 

In the Museums we have sustained a great loss by the death of the 
Rev. H. H. Higgins on the 2nd July, 181)3. He was associated with 
our Museums for the long period of '67 years, IG of which he was 
Chairman of the Museums Sub-Committee. It may with truth be said 
that he lived for these institutions ; and in the careful and intelligent 
classification of the specimens, the popular descriptions attached to them 
bringing them within the grasp of the ordinary visitor, we see the man 
of science, yet deeply imbued with the necessity of bringing home to 
the minds of the people the life-history of each specimen. The life of 
Mr. Higgins, his large catholic views, his intense love of natural history, 
his anxiety to instil this love into others, the pride he took in the 
Museums, if ever written, will form the memorial of a Liverpool man 
than whom few have been more distinguished and few more useful. 

Our Museums have been enriched during the ])ast year by a very fine 
collection of Agates, bequeathed by the late Earl of Derby ; and the 
interest attaching to the collection has been much enhanced b}- the 
descriptive catalogue prepared at the expense of the present Earl. 

Two large rooms in the basement of the building, on the west side, 
are being fitted u]) for the reception of the ethnographical collection, 
which is very complete and will prove a very interestiiig addition. 



II 



In the Art Galleries -we held a very successful Sprinc^ Exhibition of 
the works of local artists ; and the Autumn Exhibition was very 
attractive and greatly appreciated. 

"We received in the Spring the Roscoe Collection of old masters ; and, 
during the Summer, a very handsome selection of the works of Sir John 
Gilbert was presented by the veteran artist. 

WILLIAM B. FORWOOD, 

Chairmax. 

REFERENCE LIBRARY. 
This Library stands out with some prominence in its liberal provision 
for the wants of two great classes of readers. Its two large and com- 
modious reading rooms, standing almost side by side, afford by the one 
the means for gratifying what may be called the elementary taste for 
reading, through the medium of story books and illustrated magazines 
and papers ; and by the other, the means for satisfying the requirements 
of literary men and students. Perhaps no other library presents more 
effectively to public view the important work a free public library is 
doing among the people at large. To find from four to five hundred 
men of the labouring class gathered together throughout the day gratify- 
ing their taste for reading is one of the satisfactory signs of the times. 
The order and quiet required by a public reading room is not without a 
certain discipline ; while something stimulating to the mind cannot fail 
to be received by the perusal, if of nothing of a more solid character than 
representative works of Fiction. The Picton Reading Room has its own 
distinct character, and, if less imposing from its more limited number of 
readers, it is none the less impressive on account of the more serious aim 
and purpose of those who use it as a study. Liverpool has the honour of 
being one of the first English cities to tax herself in order to provide books 
for the use of her citizens, for on the 18th of October, 1852, the doors of 
this library were first opened, and its books made available to all readers. 
Since then the growth and development of the library has been rapid and 
without interruption. The two sister institutions on her right hand and 
on her left — the Museum and Art Gallery — have been the means of giving 
this library a distinct character, and perhaps it is not too much to say 
that no Library out of London is so rich in important books on natural 
history and the fine arts. Few, if any, of the great natural history 



monographs and galleries of engravings will be found wanting ; while 
no provincial library has so extensive and valuable a local collection 
of maps, drawings, engravings, books, and pamphlets illustrating, 
in our case, Liverpool and its immediate neighbourhood. This collection 
has a county reputation, and as it was begun in the first year of the 
library's existence, this library has the honour of being the pioneer in 
a work which is now considered of paramount importance by all librarians. 

The success which attended the distribution among workshops of the 
hand-list of technical books has so favourably impressed the Committee 
that they have given sanction to the publication of a printed list of the 
important collection of architectural works in the library, for the posses- 
sion of which so much is due to the taste and judgment of the late 
Sir James Picton. 

Probably, the Library's collection of music will next be taken in hand, 
and similarly other subjects, in order to bring prominently before the 
citizens of Liverpool the advantages they enjoy in the institution, the 
contents of which they are not so well acquainted with as no doubt they 
themselves desire. 

A comparison of the following statistical tables with those in last 
year's report shows a marked increase in the total work of the library, 
notwithstanding the Picton Reading Room was closed for 24 days for the 
purpose of painting and cleaning. 

The almost trebled issue of specifications of patents is the strongest 
and best evidence of the need there was for giving better facilities for con- 
sulting them, and for the construction of the new and commodious rooms 
in which they are now stored. 

The year's work in this library and its several branches gives the 
following totals, viz. : — ^Books issued, 1,197,991 ; magazines and reviews, 
656,222 ; newspaper readers, 428,220 ; attendances at lectures, 59,904. 
This shows an increase in books of 97,875 volumes ; in magazines, of 
111,879 ; in newspaper readers, of 98,426 ; and in attendance at the 
lectures, of 11,293. 



SUMMARY OF STATISTICS OF LIBRARY DEPARTMENT. 



„ , „„ 1 Weekly, &o 

Volumes i,r„„„~i„o= 



Brown Library : 

Volumes issued 

Monthly aud ^Yeekly Magazines 

Illustrated Papers, issued in volumes, 
(" The Graphic," " Illustrated 
London News," " Punch," &c.) 

Directories 

Specifications of Patents for Inventions 

Visitors to the Newspapers 



PicTON Eeading Room : 

Volumes issued 

Magazines and Reviews 



North, South, and 

LlBRARIRS : 

Volumes lent ... . . . . 



East Lending 



East Library Reading Room ; 

Volumes issued 

Magazines and Reviews 

Visitors to the Newspapers, . . 



Evening Reading Rooji.s: 

Newspapers, Magazines, and Reviews 



Lecture.s: 
Attendance 



Magazines 
issued. 



194,400 



101,750 
112,336 

38,794 



201,322 



500,614 



42,775 



Totals I 1,197,991 



318,727 



Newspaper Lecture 
Visitors. Attendances 



119,607 



101,650 



116,238 



358,592 



69,628 



59,904 



656,222 428,220 



59,904 



Comparative Statement of issues in the Picton Reading Room : — 

Classification. 
Theology, Morals, &c. ... 
Natural Philosophy, &c. 
Natural History, &c. ... 
Science and the Arts, &c. 
History and Biography, &c. ... 
Topography and Antiquities ... 
Voyages and Travels ... 
Miscellaneous Literature 
Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce, Political Economy, &c. 
Education and Language 
Poetry and Dramatic Literature 
Latin and Greek Classics 
Encyclopsedias, &c 



1893. 


1892. 


Increase. 


Decrease 


19,528 


19,706 




178 


16,801 


16,753 


48 




6,311 


7,997 




1,686 


33,388 


30,392 


2,996 




19,626 


18,797 


829 




6,534 


7,637 




1,103 


8,821 


9,349 




528 


34,955 


36,657 




1,702 


5,114 


5,318 




204 


5,244 


5,179 


65 




8,315 


7,947 


368 




10,2.S6 


10,485 




249 


2,881 


4,469 




1,588 


23,568 


21,019 


2,549 





Totals 



201,322 201,705 



6,855 



•,238 



Table. — Showing the number and classification of works contained 
in the Library : — 

Classification. 
Theology, Morals, &c. ... 
Natural Philosophy, «&c. 



Natural History ... 

Science and the Arts 

History and Biography... 

Topography and Antiquities 

Voyages and Travels 

Miscellaneous Literature (principally collected Works 

Reviews, Societies' Proceedings, &c., in volumes) 
Jurisprudence, Law, and Politics 
Commerce, Political Economy, &c. 
Education and Language 
Poetry and Dramatic Literature 
Prose Fiction 

Latin and Greek Cla.ssics and Translations 
Encyclopsedias and Works of General Reference 



Essays, 



Volumes. 
7,516 
2,703 
5,702 
12,656 
13,006 
5,666 
5,406 

25,009 
8,225 
1,813 
1.754 
4,169 
5,451 
988 
3,523 



Total 



103,587 



Donations. 

T. Henry Baylis, Esq., q.c, m.a., Assessor, Liverpool Court of 
Passage (the Author) : — 

The Temple Church of St. Ann. 

W. T. Best, Esq. :— 

Bach's Organ Works ; edited by W. T. Best, vols. 4-12. 

British Museum Trustees : — 

Catalogue of Birds, vol. 21 ; Catalogue of British Echinoderms, by 
F. J. Bell ; Catalogue of Greek Coins : Ionia, Mysia, Alexandria, 
and the Nomes ; Catalogue of Greek Sculpture, by A. H. Smith, 
vol. 1 ; Catalogue of Indian Coins : Moghul Emperors, by S. L. 
Poole ; Catalogue of Madreporarian Corals, by G. Brook, vol. 1 ; 
Catalogue of Oriental Coins, by S. L. Poole, vol. 10 ; Catalogue 
of Printed Books, 21 vols. ; Catalogue of Seals, by W. de G. Birch, 
vol. 2 ; Guide to Sowerby's Models of British Fungi, by W. G. 
Smith ; Catalogue of Snakes, by G. A. Boulenger, vol. 1 ; Illus- 
trations of Lepidoptera Heterocera, vol. 9. 

The Rt. Honourable Mary, Countess of Derby: — 

A Catalogue of the Library at Knowsley Hall, Lancashire, 4 vols. 

E. Gordon Duff, Esq. : — 

Manuscript Memorandum Book of John Sadler, the Liverpool 
Potter. 

The Rt. Honourable the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, k.t., 

LL.D. : — 
fc_ Bibliotheca Lindesiana : First provisional hand-list of proclamations, 
■fe Henry VIII- Victoria, 12 parts; Bibliotheca Lindesiana: First 

^fi revision hand-list of proclamations, vol. 1 : Henry VIH-Anne. 

Joseph G. Livingston, Esq., j.p. : — 

A general collection of the best and most interesting Voyages and 
Travels in all parts of the World, by John Pinkerton, 4 vols. 
William Minet, Esq., m.a., f.s.a. (the Author): — 

Some account of the Huguenot family of Minet, from their coming 
out of France at the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 1686. 
Edward Reid, Esq. : — 

Views of the Old Halls of Lancashire and Cheshire, by X. G. 
Philips. (Large paper copy.) 



10 

Thomas G. Rylands, Esq., f.s.a., m.e.i.a. (the Author) : — 

The Geography of Ptolemy elucidated. 
Other Books aud Pamphlets, Reports, &c., have been received from the 

following donors, fcr which the Committee again beg to express their 

grateful acknowledgments : — 

Academy of Natural Sciences, Pluladelpliia, U.S.A. ; Ai-gentiiie Consul, Liverpool 
(Guillemio K. Brydges); Colonial Secretary for Barbados (C. C. KnoUys, M.A., 
C.M.G.); Messrs. Bell and Sons; Charles H. Beloe ; Birkenhead Literary and 
Scientific Society) ; Medical Officer of Health for Birkenhead (R. S. Marsden, D.sc., 
M.B.); Board of Trade, London; George C. Boase; British and Foreign Bible 
Society ; British Association for the Advancement of Science ; T. B. Browne ; 
Thomas N. Brushfield, m.d. ; National Library, Buenos Ayres ; Major-General 
Sir Owen Tudor Bume, k.c.s.i. ; Cambridge University ; Geological and Natural 
History Survey of Canada ; Canadian Government; High Commissioner for 
Canada, London (Sir Charles Tupper, Bart., g.c.m.g.); Andrew Carnegie (per 
Hew Morrison, Librarian, Edmburgh Public Library) ; Alfred Castellain, J. p. 
Cheshire Lines Committee ; Medical Officer of Health for Chester (Francis 
Vacher, m.d.) ; Chicago Board of Trade, U.S.A. ; Church Missionary Pocietj' for 
Africa and the East ; Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce, U.S.A. ; Cincinnati 
Museum Association, U.S.A. ; John H. Clarke, m.d. ; Cobden Club ; College of Pre- 
ceptors, London ; Messrs. Collingwood Bros. ; Richard Congreve ; Messrs. Cook and 
Son ; Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, New York, U.S.A. 
Co-operative Union, Limited ; Messrs. Cope Brothers & Co ; Cornell University, 
Ithaca, U.S.A. ; A. Cotgreave, (Librarian, Public Libraries, West Ham); 
Edward Counsel ; P. Cowell (Chief Librarian, Liverpool Free Libraries) ; 
Messrs. Crane, Crane and Co. ; Rose Mary Crawshay ; P. Cudmore ; Cunard 
Steamship Co.; Robert N. Cust, ll.d ; Alexander A. Cutlibert ; J. T. 
Danson ; Sir H. Uanlton ; Andrew Deakin ; Denver Chamber of Commerce, 
U.S.A.; S. B. Doggett ; Frederick Dresser; Dublin University; Durham 
University ; Edinburgh University ; Alessrs. Effingliam, Wilson & Co. ; 
Emigrants' Liformation Office, London ; Francis Fisk ; Emily Foster ; General 
Register and Record Office of Shipping and Seamen, London ; General Society of 
Mechanics and Tradesmen, New York, U.S.A. ; Messrs. F. and E. Gibbons; 
Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College ; Glasgow Athenaum ; Great 
Eastern Railway Company ; Great Northern Railway Company ; Great Western 
Railway Company; W. N. Greenwood, f.k.m.s ; Messrs. Guy and Co. ; 
J. W. C. Haldaue, c.E. ; G. G. M. Hardingham; Messrs. Hams and 
Hadden ; Messrs. Harrison and Co.; Harvard University College, Camb., 
Mass., U.S.A.; Harvard University Library, Camb., Mass., U.S.A.; John 
W. Hayward, m.d.; Alfred Hinde ; Howard Association, London; .James 
T. Hoskins, M.A., F.R.S.L. ; Powis Hoult ; Elijah Howarth, F.r.a.S. (Curator, 
Public Museum, Sheffield) ; Hull, Barnsley, and West Riding Junction Railwaj' 
and Dock Co. ; Institution of Civil Engineers ; Institution of Mechanical 
Engineers ; International Arbitration and Peace Association ; International 
Maritime Congress, London ; Irish Unionist Alliance ; Thomas G. Jack ; Osnuind 






11 



11 

W. Jeffs ; Jcpson Mercantile Directory Company ; Johns Hopkins University, 
Baltimore, U.S.A. ; R. H. Johns; J. D. Jones (Librarian, Runcorn Free Library); 
Messrs. J. B. Jowett and Co. ; Kirkdale Vohmtary Industrial Day (Ragged) 
School ; F. P. de Labilliere ; Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society ; 
Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company ; Lancashire County Council 
(Director of Technical Instruction) ; Medical Officer of Health for the County 
Palatine of Lancaster (Edward Sergeant, M.D.) ; Messrs. C. and E. La\'ton ; 
Leicester Literaiy and Philosophical Society ; Charles H. Leet, f.e.c.s. ; Library 
Reports, &c., have been received from the following Libraries: — Aberdeen. 
Aston Manor. Astor, New York, U.S.A. Atkinson, Southport. Baillie's 
Institution, Glasgow. Barrow-in-Furness. Battersea. Belfast. Birkenhead. 
Birmingham. Blackburn. Blackpool. Bodleian, Oxford. Bolton. Bootle. 
Boston, U.S.A. Bradford. Brentford. Bridgeport, Conn., U.S.A. Brighton. 
Brooklyn, U.S.A. Brumier, Northwich. Burslem. Buxton. Cambridge. 
Cambridge University. Cardiff. Chelsea. Cheltenham. Chester. Chicago, 
U.S.A.. Cincinnati, U.S.A.. Clapham. ClerkenweU. Croydon. Darwen. 
Derby. Dewsbury. Doncaster. Dundee. Ealing. Elizabeth, New Jersey, U.S.A. 
Enoch Pratt, Baltimore, U.S.A. Fletcher, Burlington, Vermont, U.S.A. Folke- 
stone. Friends' Free Library, Germantown, U.S.A. Fulham. Gosport and 
Alverstoke. Great Yarmouth. Guildhall Library, London. Hamilton, Ontario, 
Canada. Hammersmith. Handsworth. Hanley. Holborn. Kimberley, South 
Africa. Leamington Spa. Leeds. Leicester. Lenox Library, New York, U.S.A. 
Lewisham. Leyland, Hindley. Los Angeles, California. Maimonides, New 
York, U.S.A. Manchester. Minet Public Library, Camberwell . Newton, Mass., 
U.S.A. New York Mercantile Library. New York State Library. Nicholson 
Institution, Leek. Norwich, Nottingham. Oldbury. Omaha, Neb., U.S.A. 
Peoria, 111., U.S.A. Philadelphia Mercantile Library. Plymouth. Portsmouth. 
Preston. Reading. Richmond. Rochdale. Royal Librarj', Copenhagen. 
Runcorn. St. Helens. St. Louis Mercantile Library Association. St. ilartin's- 
in-the-Fields. Salem, Mass., U.S.A. Salford. Shakespeare Memorial Library, 
Stratford-upon-Avon. Sheffield. Shoreditch. South Shields. Stirling's and 
Glasgow. Stoke Newington. Streatham. Sydney, N.S.W. Tokio, Japan. 
Tonbridge. Toronto, Canada. Twickenham. Tynemouth. Victoria. Watford. 
Wednesbury. West Ham. Westminster. Whitehaven. Widnes. Wolverhampton. 
Worcester, Mass., U.S.A. ; John Littlejohns ; Reports, &c., have been received 
from the following Liverpool Institutions, Societies, &c. : —Amateur Photographic 
Association. Architectural Society. Athenaum Library. Auxiliary Bible 
Society. Auxiliary to the Army Scripture Readers' and Soldiers' Friend Society. 
Blue Coat Hospital. Boys' Brigade. Catholic Publishing Company. Catholic 
Reformatory Association. Central Relief and Charity Organisation Society. 
Church Missionary Society. Church of England Scripture Readers' Society. 
Council of Education. Diocesan Institutions. Engineering Society. Fabian 
Society. Financial Reform Association. Geographical Society. Geological Asso- 
ciation. Geological Society, Hospital Sunday and Saturday Fund. Incorporated 
Law Society. Infant Orphan Asylum. Labour Conference. Literary and Philoso- 
phical Society. Liverpool Institute. Medical Institute. Microscopical Society. 



12 

Naturalists' Field Club. Peace Society. Penny Savings Bank. Philharmonic 
Society. Philomathic Society. Physical Society. Polytechnic Society. Provident 
Societj'. Ragged School Union. Royal Infirmary. Sailors' Home. Sa^•ings 
Bank. School Board. School for the Deaf and Dumb. School Ship "Conway." 
Seamen's Fiiend Society. Seamen's Orphanage Institution. Self-help Emigra- 
tion Society. Sliipwreck and Humane Society. Sunday School Union. Sunday 
Society. Town Mission. Training School and Home for Nurses. Training 
Ship "Indefatigable." United Gas Light Company. United Trades and 
Labour Council. University College. Welsh National Society ; Editors of the 
"Liverpool Pulpit;" R. J. Lloyd, D.Lit., m.a. ; London and North-Western 
Railway Company ; London Anti-Vi%asection Society ; Messrs. Macmillan and 
Co. ; J. W. Mahony ; Manchester District Friends' Tract Association ; Manchester 
Geological Society ; Manchester Microscopical Society ; Manchester, Sheffield, 
and Lincolnshire Railway Company ; Manchester Statistical Society ; Manitoba 
Government Agent, Liverpool (A. J. Macmillan) ; Mercantile Marine Service 
Association ; Mersey Docks and Harbour Board ; Mersey Mission to Feamen ; 
Mersey Railway Company ; Meteorological Society, London ; Midland Railwaj' 
Company; Milwaukee Public Museum, U.S.A.; University of Minnesota, 
U.S.A. (Geological and Natural History Siirvey of Minnesota) ; R. H. Mitchell ; 
R. Morgan ; J. C. S. Morris ; National Footpath Preservation Society ; National 
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children ; National Society for Women's 
Suffrage; J. E. Nelson; J. Birkbeck Nevins, m.d. ; Tlie Manager, " News" 
Office, London ; Agent-General for New South Wales (Sir Saul Samuel, K.C.M.t;.); 
John Newton; New York State Museum, U.S.A.; Mrs. Nightingale; North 
British Railway Company ; The Orphans' PrLntLng Press, Leominster ; Owen's 
College, Manchester ; Oxford Free Public Library ; The Secretarj', University of 
Oxford Local Examinations ; Messrs. Page and Pratt ; Comptroller of Patents, 
London; Peabody Institute, Baltimore, U.S. A ; Messrs. Phillipson and Golder ; 
Otto Pohl ; R. H. Porter ; Charles Potter ; The Lessee, Prince of Wales Theatre, 
Liverpool ; William S. Piyer ; Bernard Quaritch ; Queen's College, London ; 
Agent-General for Queensland (Sir J. F. Garrick, k.c.m.g. ) ; Registrar 
of Patents, Queensland (W. T. Blakeney) ; James H. Rawlms ; T. Mellard 
Reade, c.e. ; Religious Tract Society ; Messrs. Renton, Gibbs and Co. ; Admiral 
Sir G. H. Richards, k.c.b., &c. ; Rotunda Theatre Co., Liverpool; Roj-al 
Astronomical Society ; Royal College of Physicians of England ; Royal College of 
Surgeons of England ; Royal Colonial Institute ; Royal Commission for the 
Chicago Exhibition, London ; The Proprietors, Roj-al Court Theatre Co. , Liver- 
pool ; Royal Institute of British Architects ; Royal Society of Canada ; Royal 
Society of London ; Royal Society of Victoria ; Royal University of Ireland ; St. 
Mary's Hospital Medical School, London ; W. A. Sandys ; Scottish Home Rule 
Association ; James A. Seabright ; Henry Sell ; The Proprietor, Shakespeare 
Theatre, Liverpool; Rev. W. Sidgreaves, S.J., f.k.a.s. ; William H. Smith; Smith- 
sonian Institution, Washmgton, U.S.A. ; Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts ; Society of Accountants and Auditors, London ; Society 
of Antiquaries of London ; Society of Antiquaries of Scotland ; Southport 
Meteorological Department ; Messrs. Stubbs and Co. ; Sunset Club, Chicag